Year 469 (CDLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Marcianus and Zeno (or, less frequently, year 1222 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 469 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
|469 in various calendars|
|Ab urbe condita||1222|
|Balinese saka calendar||390–391|
|Chinese calendar||戊申年 (Earth Monkey)|
3165 or 3105
— to —
己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
3166 or 3106
|- Vikram Samvat||525–526|
|- Shaka Samvat||390–391|
|- Kali Yuga||3569–3570|
|Iranian calendar||153 BP – 152 BP|
|Islamic calendar||158 BH – 157 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1443 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||780/781 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1011–1012|
595 or 214 or −558
— to —
596 or 215 or −557
Area codes 214, 469, and 972 are the North American telephone area codes for Dallas, Texas, and most of the eastern portion of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex.
The main area code, 214, was one of the original area codes established in October 1947. It originally covered the entire northeastern quadrant of Texas, from Fort Worth to the border with Arkansas and Louisiana. In 1954, most of Tarrant County was combined with much of the eastern portion of area code 915 to form area code 817.
Despite Dallas' dramatic growth in the second half of the 20th century, this configuration remained in place for 36 years. Finally, in 1990, the entire eastern portion of the 214 area code was split off as area code 903.
The 1990 split was intended as a long-term solution, but within five years 214 was close to exhaustion due to the rapid growth of the Metroplex as well as the popularity of cell phones, fax machines and pagers. Additionally, the entire Metroplex is a single LATA, so several numbers in 817 were not available for use. To solve this problem, in 1995 all of the old 214 territory outside Dallas and Dallas County was split off as area code 972. Within only two years, however, both 214 and 972 were on the verge of exhaustion. To solve the problem, area code 469 was introduced on July 1, 1999 as an overlay for most of the eastern portion of the Metroplex. At the same time, the 214-972 boundary was "erased," and 972 was converted into an additional overlay for the entire region. The result was three area codes overlaying the same area, with ten-digit dialing required for all calls.
While this had the effect of allocating over 23 million numbers to an area of just over nine million people, under current projections the Dallas area will not need another area code until late 2020.Since 2000, 214 and 972 have served as overlays for portions of eastern Tarrant County (Arlington, Bedford, Euless, Grapevine, Southlake, and Colleyville) which are closer to Dallas.
Counties served by these area codes:
Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Johnson, Kaufman, Navarro, Rockwall and generally eastern parts of TarrantTowns and cities served by these area codes:
Addison, Allen, Anna, Arlington, Avalon, Bardwell, Bedford, Blue Ridge, Carrollton, Cedar Hill, Celina, Cockrell Hill, Colleyville, Combine, Copeville, Coppell, Crandall, Dallas, DeSoto, Duncanville, Elmo, Ennis, Euless, Farmers Branch, Farmersville, Fate, Ferris, Flower Mound, Forney, Forreston, Frisco, Garland, Glenn Heights, Grand Prairie, Grapevine, Highland Park, Highland Village, Hurst, Hutchins, Irving, Italy, Josephine, Kaufman, Lancaster, Lavon, Lewisville, Little Elm, Lucas, Maypearl, McKinney, Melissa, Mesquite, Midlothian, Milford, Murphy, Nevada, Oak Leaf, Palmer, Pecan Hill, Plano, Princeton, Prosper, Red Oak, Rice, Richardson, Rockwall, Rosser, Rowlett, Royse City, Sachse, Scurry, Seagoville, Sunnyvale, Talty, Terrell, The Colony, University Park, Venus, Waxahachie, Westminster, Weston, Wilmer and Wylie. In addition, Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport is served by area code 972.Cox Broadcasting Corp. v. Cohn
Cox Broadcasting Corp. v. Cohn, 420 U.S. 469 (1975), was a United States Supreme Court case involving freedom of the press publishing public information. The Court held that both a Georgia Statute prohibiting the release of a rape victim's name and its common-law privacy action counterpart were unconstitutional. The case was argued on November 11, 1974 and decided on March 3, 1975.German submarine U-469
German submarine U-469 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.
She carried out one patrol. She sank no ships.
She was sunk by a British aircraft south of Iceland, in March 1943.Hunimund
Hunimund (395 - after 469) was a prince of the Suebian Quadi and son of king Hermeric.
Hunimund fought with Ardaric against the Huns at the Battle of Nedao in 454. Afterwards Hunimund founded a short-lived kingdom in the old settlement area of the Marcomanni and the Quadi. He was an ally of Edeko of the Scirii. In 469, Hunimund and allied Scirii suffered defeat against the Ostrogoths of Valamir and Theodemir at the Battle of Bolia, after which the Ostrogoths gained control of Scirii and Quadi territory. After his defeat, Hunimund fled to the Harz Mountains. He is said to have been the father of Agilulf, King of Galicia.Interstate 469
Interstate 469 (I-469) is an Interstate Highway in the northeastern portion of the Midwestern US state of Indiana. It is an auxiliary route of parent I-69 that also carries portions of US Highway 24 (US 24), US 30, and US 33 around the urban parts of Fort Wayne. It is 30.83 miles (49.62 km) in length. Also known as the Ronald Reagan Expressway after being named as such in 2005, the Interstate was originally conceived as a bypass for US 24 around the south and east ends of Fort Wayne. Due to heavy traffic on US 30 through the city, support was gained to connect the bypass to I-69 on the city's north end.
I-469 was the most expensive civic project in the history of Allen County, costing over $207 million. As a bypass route, I-469 has been ineffective at helping with north–south traffic along I-69, due in part to the extra 12 miles (19 km) between its termini in comparison to I-69. However, the route has served effectively as an east–west bypass around the city, removing heavy truck traffic from passing through Fort Wayne.List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 469
This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 469 of the United States Reports:
Florida v. Rodriguez, 469 U.S. 1 (1984) (per curiam)
Department of Justice v. Provenzano, 469 U.S. 14 (1984) (per curiam)
Thompson v. Louisiana, 469 U.S. 17 (1984) (per curiam)
United States v. 50 Acres of Land, 469 U.S. 24 (1984)
Luce v. United States, 469 U.S. 38 (1984)
United States v. Abel, 469 U.S. 45 (1984)
United States v. Powell, 469 U.S. 57 (1984)
Garcia v. United States, 469 U.S. 70 (1984)
Smith v. Illinois, 469 U.S. 91 (1984) (per curiam)
United States v. Woodward, 469 U.S. 105 (1985) (per curiam)
Trans World Airlines, Inc. v. Thurston, 469 U.S. 111 (1985)
Paulsen v. Commissioner, 469 U.S. 131 (1985)
Mills Music, Inc. v. Snyder, 469 U.S. 153 (1985)
Park 'N Fly, Inc. v. Dollar Park & Fly, Inc., 469 U.S. 189 (1985)
United States v. Hensley, 469 U.S. 221 (1985)
Board of License Comm'rs of Tiverton v. Pastore, 469 U.S. 238 (1985) (per curiam)
United States v. Boyle, 469 U.S. 241 (1985)
Lawrence County v. Lead-Deadwood School Dist. No. 40-1, 469 U.S. 256 (1985)
Ohio v. Kovacs, 469 U.S. 274 (1985)
Alexander v. Choate, 469 U.S. 287 (1985)
Tiffany Fine Arts, Inc. v. United States, 469 U.S. 310 (1985)
New Jersey v. T. L. O., 469 U.S. 325 (1985)
Evitts v. Lucey, 469 U.S. 387 (1985)
Wainwright v. Witt, 469 U.S. 412 (1985)
Brandon v. Holt, 469 U.S. 464 (1985)
United States v. Johns, 469 U.S. 478 (1985)
NLRB v. Action Automotive, Inc., 469 U.S. 490 (1985)
United States v. Maine, 469 U.S. 504 (1985)
Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority, 469 U.S. 528 (1985)
Montanans for a Balanced Fed. Budget Comm. v. Harper, 469 U.S. 1301 (1984)
Catholic League, Southern Cal. Chapter v. Feminist Women's Health Center, Inc., 469 U.S. 1303 (1984)
Northern Cal. Power Agency v. Grace Geothermal Corp., 469 U.S. 1306 (1984)
Thomas v. Sierra Club, 469 U.S. 1309 (1985)
Garcia-Mir v. Smith, 469 U.S. 1311 (1985)List of political entities in the 5th century BC
The development of states—large-scale, populous, politically centralized, and socially stratified polities/societies governed by powerful rulers—marks one of the major milestones in the evolution of human societies. Archaeologists often distinguish between primary (or pristine) states and secondary states. Primary states evolved independently through largely internal developmental processes rather than through the influence of any other pre-existing state. The earliest known primary states appeared in Mesopotamia c. 3700 BC, in Egypt c. 3300 BC, in the Indus Valley c. 2500 BC, India c. 1700 BC, and in China c. 1600 BC. As they interacted with their less developed neighbors through trade, warfare, migration, and more generalized ideological influences, the primary states directly or indirectly fostered the emergence of secondary states in surrounding areas, for example, the Hittites in Anatolia, the Minoan and Mycenaean states of the Aegean, or the Nubian kingdoms in the Sudan. According to Professor Gil Stein of the University of Chicago Oriental Institute, "The excavations and archaeological surveys of the last few decades have vastly increased both the quantity and quality of what we know about ancient states and urbanism. Archaeologists have broadened the scope of their research beyond the traditional focus on rulers and urban elites. Current research now aims at understanding the role of urban commoners, craft specialists, and village-based farmers in the overall organization of ancient states and societies. Given the immense geographical scope encompassed by the term 'the Ancient World'". The notion of a sovereign state arises in the 16th century with the development of modern diplomacy.For earlier times, the term "sovereign state" is an anachronism. What corresponded to sovereign states in the medieval and ancient period were monarchs ruling By the Grace of God, de facto feudal or imperial autocrats, or de facto independent nations or tribal confederations. This is a list of sovereign states that existed between 500 BC and 401 BC.NGC 469
NGC 469 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces. With its distance being approximately 167 million light-years from Earth, it was discovered by Albert Marth in 1864.New Jersey v. T. L. O.
New Jersey v. T.L.O., 469 U.S. 325 (1985), is a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States addressing the constitutionality of a search of a public high school student for contraband after she was caught smoking. A subsequent search of her purse revealed drug paraphernalia, marijuana, and documentation of drug sales. She was charged as a juvenile for the drugs and paraphernalia found in the search. She fought the search, claiming it violated her Fourth Amendment right against unreasonable searches. The U.S. Supreme Court, in a 6–3 ruling, held that the search by the Piscataway Township Schools was reasonable under the Fourth Amendment.Rural Municipality of Turtle River No. 469
Turtle River No. 469 is a rural municipality in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan, located in the Census Division 17. The seat of the municipality is located in the Village of Edam. The name is taken from the Turtle River, which drains Turtle Lake into the North Saskatchewan River near the Michaud Islands, across the river from Delmas, Saskatchewan. The river is paralleled by Saskatchewan Highway 26 through much of the rural municipality.UAZ-469
The UAZ-469 is an off-road military light utility vehicle manufactured by UAZ. It was used by Soviet and other Warsaw Pact armed forces, as well as paramilitary units in Eastern Bloc countries. In the Soviet Union, it also saw widespread service in state organizations that needed a robust and durable off-road vehicle. Standard military versions included seating for seven personnel.Developed from the GAZ-69 and UAZ-460, the UAZ-469 was introduced in 1971 to replace the GAZ-69. It was powered by the same 75 hp (56 kW; 76 PS) 2,445 cc (149.2 cu in) UMZ 452MI inline-four engine as the UAZ-452 and was able to run on gasoline with an octane rating as low as 72 (although 76 was preferred). The UAZ-469 presented two great advantages: it was able to drive in virtually any terrain and it was very easy to repair. The vehicle was originally not available for purchase by the public, but many were sold as surplus to private owners.
Modifications include a basic UAZ-469B with ground clearance of 220 mm (8.7 in), and a specialized military UAZ-469, with ground clearance increased to 300 mm (12 in). After slight modernisation in 1985, due to new industry designation standards, they were renamed: the UAZ-469 became the UAZ-3151, while the UAZ-469B became the "UAZ-31512". Manufacture of the UAZ-31512 for the Russian Army continued until 2011, while manufacture for the civilian market was discontinued due to new emission standards. However, the currently manufactured UAZ Hunter is an updated version of the old UAZ-469B. The Hunter was originally sold in Germany and some Asian countries as the "UAZ Tigr" (Tiger), until General Motors complained that the name was too similar to the Opel Tigra, and in Germany, it was renamed "Baijah Taigah".The 469 was exported to eighty countries.USS De Haven (DD-469)
USS De Haven (DD-469) was a Fletcher-class destroyer of the United States Navy, the first Navy ship named for Lieutenant Edwin J. De Haven USN (1819–1865). De Haven was the first Fletcher-class ship lost in World War II, having been in commission only 133 days.
De Haven was laid down by the Bath Iron Works Corporation at Bath, Maine on 27 September 1941 and launched on 28 June 1942 by Miss H. N. De Haven, granddaughter of Lieutenant De Haven. The ship was commissioned on 21 September 1942, Commander Charles E. Tolman in command.USS LST-469
USS LST-469 was a United States Navy LST-1-class tank landing ship used in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater during World War II. As with many of her class, the ship was never named. Instead, she was referred to by her hull designation.