The 45th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 45 degrees north of Earth's equator. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean. The 45th parallel north is often called the halfway point between the Equator and the North Pole, but the true halfway point is actually 16.0 km (9.9 mi) north of the 45th parallel because Earth is an oblate spheroid; that is, it bulges at the equator and is flattened at the poles.
At this latitude, the Sun is visible for 15 hours 37 minutes during the summer solstice, and 8 hours 46 minutes during the winter solstice. The midday Sun stands 21.6° above the southern horizon at the December solstice, 68.4° at the June solstice, and exactly 45.0° at either equinox.
Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 45° north passes through:
Rhône-Alpes – passing just south of Grenoble
|Italy||Piedmont – passing just south of Turin|
Lombardy - passing by Voghera
Emilia-Romagna – passing just south of Piacenza
Veneto – passing just south of Rovigo
|Adriatic Sea||Gulf of Venice|
|Croatia||Istrian Peninsula, islands of Cres and Krk, and the mainland again|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Serbia||Passing through the centre of Ruma and through northern part of Sremska Mitrovica|
Passing through the northern edge of Stara Pazova, 30 kilometres NW of Belgrade
|Romania||Passing just north of Ploieşti and just south of Târgu Jiu|
|Ukraine||Crimea (claimed and controlled by Russia) – passing just north of Simferopol, and just south of Feodosiya|
|Russia||Passing just south of Krasnodar, and just south of Stavropol|
|Uzbekistan||Karakalpakstan (autonomous republic) – including Vozrozhdeniya Island in the Aral Sea|
South Kazakhstan Province
|People's Republic of China||Xinjiang|
|People's Republic of China||Inner Mongolia|
|People's Republic of China||Inner Mongolia|
|Sea of Japan||Passing just south of Rishiri Island, Japan|
|Sea of Okhotsk|
|Kuril Islands||Island of Iturup, administered by Russia, claimed by Japan|
Montana / Wyoming border (approximate)
Minnesota – passing through Minneapolis
Wisconsin – passing through a 45×90 point (halfway between the North Pole and the Equator, and halfway between the Prime Meridian and the 180th meridian)
|Lake Michigan||Green Bay – territorial waters of the United States|
|United States||Wisconsin – Door Peninsula|
|Lake Michigan||Territorial waters of the United States|
|United States||Michigan – South Manitou Island|
|Lake Michigan||Territorial waters of the United States|
|United States||Michigan – Leelanau Peninsula (Leelanau County)|
|Lake Michigan||Grand Traverse Bay – territorial waters of the United States|
|United States||Michigan (Antrim County, Otsego County, Montmorency County, and Alpena County)|
|Lake Huron||Territorial waters of the United States and Canada|
|Canada||Ontario – Bruce Peninsula|
|Lake Huron||Georgian Bay – territorial waters of Canada|
|United States||New York – for about 10 km|
|Canada||Ontario – Cornwall Island|
Quebec – running just north of the border with New York, United States
|United States||New York – running just south of the border with Quebec, Canada|
Vermont – running just south of the border with Quebec, Canada
|Canada||Deer Island, New Brunswick|
|Bay of Fundy||Territorial waters of Canada|
|France||Aquitaine – passing just north of Bordeaux|
In North America, the 45th parallel forms some boundaries, and passes through the U.S. states of Oregon, Idaho, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine and through the Canadian provinces of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
All of mainland New Brunswick lies north of the 45th parallel. The southernmost point in mainland New Brunswick, just north of the 45th parallel, is Greens Point, approximately 90 kilometres (56 mi) west of Saint John. Approximately two-thirds of Deer Island, plus all of Campobello and Grand Manan islands, are south of the 45th parallel.
The 45th parallel roughly marks the national border between the United States and Canada between the St. Lawrence and Connecticut rivers (the northern borders of the U.S. states of New York and Vermont with the Canadian province of Quebec), where the parallel is sometimes called the "Canada line". The actual boundary of Vermont lies approximately 1 kilometre (3,300 ft) north of the parallel due to an error in the 1772 survey.
In Michigan, the Old Mission Peninsula in Grand Traverse Bay ends just shy of the 45th parallel. Many guidebooks and signs at the Mission Point Lighthouse describe it as being halfway between the equator and north pole. When the Grand Traverse Bay recedes below normal level, it is possible to walk out to the exact line.
Farther west, the line roughly bisects the metropolitan area of Minneapolis-St. Paul. In the Western United States, the parallel passes through the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains, intersecting the Pacific coast in Oregon.
Continuing west, the parallel passes over vast stretches of the North Pacific Ocean before passing through Rishiri-Rebun-Sarobetsu National Park and the adjacent town of Horonobe on the northern tip of Hokkaidō, the northernmost of Japan's main islands. It continues through the northern part of the Sea of Japan, entering the Asian mainland on the coast of Primorsky Krai in Russia, north of Vladivostok.
At Khanka Lake it enters northeast China, cutting across Heilongjiang and continuing through part of Jilin and eastern Inner Mongolia. Transecting southern Mongolia it passes through the provinces of Sükhbaatar, Dornogovi (and its capital Sainshand), Dundgovi, Övörkhangai, Bayankhongor, Govi-Altai, and Khovd. In northwest China it passes through the Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture in Xinjiang and the oil city of Karamay.
The parallel passes through southern Kazakhstan, intersecting the city of Burylbaytal at the southern tip of Lake Balkhash and the city of Qyzylorda further west. At the border with Uzbekistan it bisects the Aral Sea and its toxic Vozrozhdeniya Island peninsula, site of an abandoned Soviet bioweapons laboratory. It skirts the northern edge of the Ustyurt Plateau, entering back into Kazakhstan before cutting across the northern tip of the Caspian Sea and into Europe and Russia.
In Europe the 45th parallel stretches between the Caspian Sea coast of the Russian Caucasus in the east and Bay of Biscay coast of France in the west. In Russia it runs from the west coast of the Caspian Sea to the east coast of the Black Sea, through the Republic of Kalmykia, Stavropol Krai and its capital Stavropol, and Krasnodar Krai and its capital Krasnodar. In Ukraine it crosses the Crimea and its capital Simferopol.
Further west it passes through the Balkans: Romania (just north of Ploieşti, and through Târgu Jiu), the Serbian autonomous province of Vojvodina, the eastern tip of Croatia, the northern edge of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and a section of Adriatic Croatia. The capital city of Serbia – Belgrade is just south of the parallel.
In France, it crosses the river Rhône at Pont-de-l'Isère, just north of Valence, Drôme and through Grenoble. It then continues across the Massif Central and into the Aquitaine region. The city of Bordeaux is just south of the parallel.
45th parallel may refer to:
45th parallel north, a circle of latitude in the Northern Hemisphere
45th parallel south, a circle of latitude in the Southern Hemisphere
45th Parallel (organization), a nonprofit organization and chamber music ensemble based in Portland, Oregon
The 45th Parallel, a student-run newspaper at Taft High 7-12, a high school in Lincoln City, Oregon45×90 points
The 45×90 points are the four points on earth which are halfway between the geographical poles, the equator, the Prime Meridian, and the 180th meridian.Ayrens
Ayrens is a commune in the Cantal department in the Auvergne region of south-central France.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ayrencois or Ayrencoises.Berbești
Berbești is a town located in Vâlcea County, Romania, about 78 km south-west from Râmnicu Vâlcea, in the historical region of Oltenia. It was granted town status by law in October 2003. As of January 2009, it has a population of 5,635.
The town administers five villages: Dămțeni, Dealu Aluniș, Roșioara, Târgu Gângulești and Valea Mare.DEN/ICE Agreements
The DEN/ICE Agreements are a series of multilateral treaties that provide for the joint financing of air traffic control, communications, and meteorological services in Greenland, Iceland, and the Faroe Islands for civil aircraft crossing the North Atlantic Ocean above the 45th parallel north. The agreements were negotiated and are implemented within the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations.Dale, Oregon
Dale is an unincorporated community in Grant County, Oregon, United States. It is located on U.S. Route 395 within the Umatilla National Forest about 17 miles south of Ukiah. It is near the Umatilla-Grant County border just south of the 45th parallel north.The first post office at this locale was established in 1887 and named Dorman after James W. Dorman, the first postmaster. The name was changed to Dale in 1891. The office may have been moved south from its original location in Umatilla County and it was shown as being in Grant County by 1903. According to the compiler of Oregon Geographic Names, who did not think that the local terrain resembled a dale, "The name Dale as applied to this locality may have had a significance other than topographic." Mail for Dale is now handled by the Ukiah post office, ZIP code 97880.In 1940, Dale had a service station and store that still serves the community today. Dale Ranger Station was open by 1911 and closed sometime before 2008.Elk Lake (Michigan)
Elk Lake is located in Antrim and Grand Traverse counties in Northern Michigan. The lake is about a mile and a half wide (2.4 km) and nine miles (14 km) long, and is centered at 44°51′N 85°23′W near the town of Elk Rapids. It has maximum depth of 192 ft (59 m), making it Michigan's second deepest after Torch Lake. It is a popular lake for fishing, featuring lake trout, rock bass, yellow perch, smallmouth bass, muskellunge, ciscoes, brown trout, rainbow trout, and whitefish.
This deep, clear, caribbean-colored lake is very much a smaller version of the more famous Torch Lake, which lies just to the east. Elk Lake is part of a watershed that begins in northern Antrim County with Intermediate Lake, which is connected by the Intermediate River with Lake Bellaire. The Grass River flows from Lake Bellaire into Clam Lake, which in turn drains into Torch Lake via the short Clam River. Torch Lake is drained by the Torch River, which flows into Lake Skegemog, which opens into Elk Lake. Elk Lake flows through Elk River into the east arm of Grand Traverse Bay at Elk Rapids. This watershed is popularly known as the Chain of Lakes.
Nearby is a sign marking the 45th parallel north, halfway between the North Pole and the Equator. This is one of six Michigan sites and 29 places in the U.S.A. where such signs are known to exist.Interlochen, Michigan
Interlochen is an unincorporated village in Northwest Lower Michigan. It is in Green Lake Township, within Grand Traverse County. The community is noted for the internationally renowned Interlochen Center for the Arts. As of the 2010 census, the Interlochen census-designated place (CDP) had a population of 583.Izvorul Bigăr
Izvorul Bigăr (English: Bigar Spring, but more commonly known as Bigar Waterfall) is a protected area (nature reserve IUCN category IV) situated in the administrative territory of Bozovici, in Caraș-Severin County in southwestern Romania.Lion's Head, Ontario
Lion's Head is a community in the municipality of Northern Bruce Peninsula, Bruce County, Ontario, Canada. Located at the midway point of the Bruce Peninsula, about halfway between Owen Sound and Tobermory, Lion's Head is just east of Ferndale on Bruce Road 9. Lion's Head is located on or somewhere near the 45th parallel north, halfway between the Equator and the North Pole. The town is named after the resemblance of a lion's profile in the rock formation of the Niagara Escarpment. The first post office opened in 1895. The estimated summer population ranges widely from 900 to 5000.
It is a well travelled holiday spot on the coast of Georgian Bay.
The limestone rock formations make it a scenic area for canoeing, kayaking, hiking the Bruce Trail, rock climbing and visiting the marina-lookout by car.
Bruce Peninsula District School is the only secondary school north of Wiarton, and one of the few schools in Ontario to go from Kindergarten to grade 12.
There are accommodations, restaurants, shops, and galleries all located in Lion's Head. There is also a marina, school, hospital, bank, library, pharmacy, grocery store and several churches in the town. Lion's Head is under the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) jurisdiction. There is also the Northern Bruce Peninsula Fire Department, which operates four trucks in the region.
The area has four somewhat distinct seasons. Cold, snowy, and blustery winters, as well as warm, comfortable summers are the usual pattern. Summer mornings are usually cool but do warm quickly before 9 or 10 AM. Rain showers are common, along with thunderstorms, and a few severe thunderstorms per year. Tornadoes are less likely in the region, unlike the far southern part of Ontario. Summer brings the largest number of people to Lion's Head (mostly July and August). This influx of people creates parking problems especially near the beach and marina. The 2018 tourist season was the most crowded yet according to many long time residents. The population drops during the colder seasons.
Lion's Head experienced a more significant tornado during the 1985 Barrie tornado outbreak which damaged areas on the outskirts of the village. Since then, no tornadoes have been reported in the area.Menominee, Michigan
Menominee is a city in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 8,599 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Menominee County. Menominee is the fourth-largest city in the Upper Peninsula, behind Marquette, Sault Ste. Marie, and Escanaba. Menominee Township is located to the north of the city, but is politically autonomous.
Menominee is part of the Marinette, WI–MI Micropolitan Statistical Area.Minnesota Zoo
The Minnesota Zoo (formerly the Minnesota Zoological Garden), is an AZA-accredited zoo in Apple Valley, Minnesota. When it opened on May 22, 1978 it was fairly revolutionary in its exhibit design. The zoo, built in a suburbanizing rural area, had more space to house exhibits and was one of the first zoos to organize its animals by their living environment as opposed to their species. Exhibits are arrayed in six themed areas, including three themed walking trails ranging from one to two miles in length:
Medtronic Minnesota Trail, featuring animals native to Minnesota
Northern Trail, featuring animals of the north (above the 45th parallel north)
Tropics Trail, an indoor walking trail featuring animals from the tropics
Discovery Bay, an activity area themed around marine wildlife
Russia's Grizzly Coast, a part-indoor, part-outdoor new multi-million exhibit featuring animals from Russia's Far East and the Kamchatka Peninsula.
Wells Fargo Family Farm, themed around farm animalsThe Minnesota Zoo is a state agency. This differs from other zoos in Minnesota and most others in the United States, which are run by municipalities or private organizations. The Minnesota Zoo charges admission and sells annual memberships.
It is also home to a high school, the School of Environmental Studies.Mission Point Light
Mission Point Light is a lighthouse located in the U.S. state of Michigan at the end of Old Mission Point, a peninsula jutting into Grand Traverse Bay 17 miles (27 km) north of Traverse City. When it was built in 1870, it was an exact copy of the Mama Juda Light (now destroyed), which was built on the Detroit River in 1866.The foundation is natural and emplaced. The wooden structure is painted white with black trim. The square tower is attached to a dwelling.A fixed white Fifth Order Fresnel lens was installed. The building was only one and one half stories tall. However, its placement on a sand bank 14 feet above the lake's surface created a lens focal plane of 47 feet (14 m). It was visible from 13 miles (21 km) at sea. Maintaining the dune and protecting it and the lighthouse from the deleterious effects of wave action has been a constant struggle.For 67 years the light served to warn mariners about the shoals off the point. However, new techniques in offshore construction and the automation of lighthouse illumination made it possible to build a navigation aid on the shoal itself. In 1938, work began on a pier for the new light in 19 feet (5.8 m) of water, about 2 miles (3.2 km) northwest of Mission Point. The light ran on batteries. It was on a 36-foot (11 m) tall tower, and its focal plane of 52 feet (16 m) help make it visible for 13 miles (21 km). It had a 30-second dwell time between flashes, in order to conserve power.Famously, the lighthouse stands a few hundred yards south of the 45th parallel north, halfway between the North Pole and the Equator. The lighthouse was deactivated in 1933 and purchased by the State of Michigan. There are a pair of signs that denote its location on the parallel, and it is one of 29 places (six are in Michigan) in the U.S.A. where such signs are known to exist.Neotsu, Oregon
Neotsu is an unincorporated community in Lincoln County, Oregon, United States, on the northern shore of Devils Lake across from Lincoln City. Neotsu has a post office with ZIP code 97364. The community is on the 45th parallel north.State representative David Gomberg is from Neotsu.Old Mission, Michigan
Old Mission is an unincorporated community within Peninsula Township, Grand Traverse County in the U.S. state of Michigan.In the 1836 Treaty of Washington, the U.S. federal government agreed to provide local native tribes with both a mission and schools for their reservation. Henry Schoolcraft, the Indian agent representing the government, selected a natural harbor on the eastern shore of the peninsula in Grand Traverse Bay for the planned facilities. In 1838 the Presbyterian Board of Missions, sent the Reverend Peter Dougherty (1805–1894) to establish the mission, now known as Old Mission, for which the peninsula would eventually become known.
The peninsula has extensive cherry orchards and vineyards. There are seven vineyards, but only five have tasting rooms. Because of the remoteness of the peninsula, wine tours take some planning. It is an American Viticultural Area and a center of the Michigan wine industry. See Old Mission Peninsula AVA.
The Old Mission Point Lighthouse is located at the northern terminus of M-37, at the tip of the Old Mission Peninsula, which juts 18 miles into Grand Traverse Bay. It is located at 44°59′7″N 85°28′24″W, just south of the 45th parallel north, midway between the North Pole and the Equator.
There are two signs that denote the location on the 45th parallel. It is one of 26 places in the United States where such signs are known to exist.Ontario Highway 118
King's Highway 118, commonly referred to as Highway 118, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The route travels across South-Central Ontario between Highway 11 near Bracebridge and Highway 28 near BancroftPo (river)
The Po (, Italian: [ˈpɔ]; Latin: Padus or Ēridanus; Ancient Greek: Πάδος, translit. Pádos or Ἠριδανός, Ēridanós; Ancient Ligurian: Bodincus or Bodencus) is a river that flows eastward across northern Italy. The Po flows either 652 km (405 mi) or 682 km (424 mi) – considering the length of the Maira, a right bank tributary. The headwaters of the Po are a spring seeping from a stony hillside at Pian del Re, a flat place at the head of the Val Po under the northwest face of Monviso (in the Cottian Alps). The Po ends at a delta projecting into the Adriatic Sea near Venice. It has a drainage area of 74,000 km² in all, 70,000 in Italy, of which 41,000 is in montane environments and 29,000 on the plain. The Po is the longest river in Italy; at its widest point its width is 503 m (1,650 ft). The Po extends along the 45th parallel north.
The river flows through many important Italian cities, including Turin (Torino), Piacenza and Ferrara. It is connected to Milan through a net of channels called navigli, which Leonardo da Vinci helped design. Near the end of its course, it creates a wide delta (with hundreds of small channels and five main ones, called Po di Maestra, Po della Pila, Po delle Tolle, Po di Gnocca and Po di Goro) at the southern part of which is Comacchio, an area famous for eels. The Po valley was the territory of the Roman Cisalpine Gaul, divided into Cispadane Gaul (South of the Po) and Transpadane Gaul (North of the Po). The Po begins in the Alps, and is in Italy, and flows eastward.
The river is subject to heavy flooding. Consequently, over half its length is controlled with argini, or dikes. The slope of the valley decreases from 0.35% in the west to 0.14% in the east, a low gradient. There are also 450 standing lakes.It is characterized by its large discharge (several rivers over 1,000 km have a discharge inferior or equal to the Po).Port George, Nova Scotia
Port George is a seaside community in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, located in Annapolis County. It is a former port situated on the Bay of Fundy, 11 km north of Middleton, Nova Scotia just across North Mountain (Nova Scotia). It sits on the 45th parallel north.At one time Port George had a shipyard and carried on a good volume of sea trade in timber and agricultural produce with Boston and Saint John, New Brunswick. It was also a fishing port.The original name given to the area by the native Mi'Kmaq was "Goolwagopskooch" meaning "Haunt of the Hooded Seal". Originally settled in 1760, it is thought to have been re-settled in 1812 and named for King George III.Recognizable landmarks on its shorefront are the historic pepperpot lighthouse and the steeple of the old United Baptist church.
The community-owned pepperpot lighthouse, which dates to 1889, is an important navigational aid in the area. Originally it was situated on the end of one of two wharves, but when that wharf succumbed to storm damage it was moved in the early 1930s to its present position next to the road. It has a fixed red light, unique in the area, which is used for navigation by local sailors. The lighthouse was renovated in the summer of 2016 by the local community.
The Port George United Baptist church with its distinctive steeple was built in 1887. It is now a private residence.
Port George is a popular summer destination, with pretty cottages, a small seasonal art and gift shop and a 0.5ha provincial picnic park at Cottage Cove overlooking a seal colony on Dunn's Rock. Nearby is the community wharf with a new concrete boat ramp. One of few along this stretch of coastline.
Port George is well known for its annual country music jamboree which takes place on the last Saturday of July every year. The 34th annual jamboree in 2016 had an attendance of 2,750. A weekend of bluegrass jamming and old-time music is held every May holiday weekend at the recreation centre with a variety show on Saturday evening.Suring, Wisconsin
Suring is a village in Oconto County, Wisconsin, United States, along the 45th parallel. The population was 544 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Green Bay Metropolitan Statistical Area.