|43rd Air Defense Artillery Regiment|
Coat of arms
|Type||Air defense artillery|
|Motto(s)||SUSTINEMUS (We Support)|
Distinctive unit insignia
Constituted 29 June 1918 in the Regular Army as the 43rd Artillery (Coast Artillery Corps)
Organized 7 August 1918 in France from existing Regular Army units and one New York National Guard company
(National Guard company demobilized in February 1919; regiment continued on active status)
Inactivated 17 August 1921 at Camp Eustis, Virginia
Redesignated 1 July 1924 as the 43rd Coast Artillery
Disbanded 14 June 1944
43rd Coast Artillery reconstituted 28 June 1950 in the Regular Army; regiment concurrently broken up and its elements redesignated as follows:
Headquarters and Headquarters Battery as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 43rd Artillery Group
1st Battalion consolidated with the 43rd Field Artillery Battalion (see ANNEX 1) and consolidated unit designated as the 43rd Field Artillery Battalion, an element of the 8th Infantry Division
2d Battalion consolidated with the 61st Field Artillery Battalion (active) (see ANNEX 2) and consolidated unit designated as the 61st Field Artillery Battalion, an element of the 1st Cavalry Division
3d Battalion consolidated with the 64th Field Artillery Battalion (active) (see ANNEX 3) and consolidated unit designated as the 64th Field Artillery Battalion, an element of the 25th Infantry Division
After 28 June 1950 the above units underwent changes as follows:
43rd Field Artillery Battalion activated 17 August 1950 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina
Inactivated 1 August 1957 in Germany and relieved from assignment to the 8th Infantry Division
61st Field Artillery Battalion inactivated 15 October 1957 in Japan and relieved from assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division
64th Field Artillery Battalion inactivated 1 February 1957 in Hawaii and relieved from assignment to the 25th Infantry Division
Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 43d Artillery Group, and the 43rd, 61st, and 64th Field Artillery Battalions consolidated, reorganized, and redesignated August 1958 – July 1959 as the 43rd Artillery, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System
Redesignated 1 September 1971 as the 43rd Air Defense Artillery
Withdrawn 16 March 1989 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System
Redesignated 1 October 2005 as the 43rd Air Defense Artillery Regiment
Constituted 1 October 1933 in the Regular Army as the 43rd Field Artillery
Redesignated 13 January 1941 as the 43rd Field Artillery Battalion
Assigned 1 June 1941 to the 8th Division (later redesignated as the 8th Infantry Division) and activated at Fort Jackson, South Carolina
Inactivated 20 October 1945 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri
Constituted 16 December 1940 in the Regular Army as the 61st Field Artillery Battalion
Assigned 3 January 1941 to the 1st Cavalry Division and activated at Fort Bliss, Texas
Constituted 26 August 1941 in the Regular Army as the 64th Field Artillery Battalion and assigned to the 25th Infantry Division
Activated 1 October 1941 in Hawaii
A Gold color metal and enamel device 1 5/32 inches (2.94 cm) in height overall consisting of a shield blazoned: Gules, on a bend Or three oozlefinches Vert. Attached above a wreath Or and Gules, an épi Or around and behind a French locomotive affronté Gules. Attached below the shield a Gold scroll inscribed “SUSTINEMUS” in Black letters.
The shield is red for Artillery. The bend is taken from the arms of Lorraine, which is gold with three golden alerions on a red bend, with the colors reversed. The three oozlefinches are used instead of the alerions. The green oozlefinch was the device on the shoulder patch worn by the railway artillery reserve in France, of which this Regiment was a unit. The locomotive and épi show the character of the Regiment. The motto translates to “We Support” and alludes to the mission of railway artillery.
The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 43d Coast Artillery Regiment on 1 February 1937. It was redesignated for the 43d Artillery Regiment on 13 January 1959. The insignia was redesignated for the 43d Air Defense Artillery Regiment effective 1 September 1971. It was amended to correct the symbolism on 17 November 1983.
Gules, on a bend Or three oozlefinches Vert.
On a wreath of the colors, Or and Gules, an épi Or around and behind a French locomotive affronté Gules. Motto SUSTINEMUS (We Support).
The shield is red for Artillery. The bend is taken from the arms of Lorraine, which is gold with three golden alerions on a red bend, with the colors reversed. The three oozlefinches are used instead of the alerions. The green oozlefinch was the device on the shoulder patch worn by the railway artillery reserve in France, of which this Regiment was a unit.
The locomotive and épi show the character of the Regiment.
The coat of arms was originally approved for the 43d Coast Artillery Regiment on 2 March 1929. It was redesignated for the 43d Artillery Regiment on 13 January 1959. The insignia was redesignated for the 43d Air Defense Artillery Regiment effective 1 September 1971. It was amended to correct the blazon and symbolism on 17 November 1983.
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The 11th Air Defense Artillery Brigade is an air defense artillery brigade of the United States Army stationed at Fort Bliss.35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade (United States)
The 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade (35th ADAB) is an air defense artillery unit of the United States Army subordinate to the Eighth United States Army, located at Osan Air Base in the Republic of Korea.
The 35th ADA has integrated THAAD into its layered defense on the Korean Peninsula.43rd Regiment
43rd Regiment or 43rd Infantry Regiment may refer to:
43rd Erinpura Regiment, a unit of the British Indian Army
43rd Infantry Regiment (France), a unit of the French Army
43rd Infantry Regiment (Philippine Commonwealth Army), a unit of the Philippine Commonwealth Army
43rd (Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot, a unit of the United Kingdom Army
43rd Royal Tank Regiment, a armoured unit of the United Kingdom Army
43rd Infantry Regiment (United States), a unit of the United States Army
43rd Air Defense Artillery Regiment, a unit of the United States Army
43rd Bomber Aviation Regiment, a aviation unit of the Yugoslav Air ForceAmerican Civil War regiments
43rd Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, a unit of the Union (North) Army
43rd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment, a unit of the Union (North) Army
43rd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, a unit of the Union (North) Army
43rd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, a unit of the Union (North) Army
43rd Indiana Infantry Regiment, a unit of the Union (North) Army
43rd Ohio Infantry, a unit of the Union (North) Army
43rd United States Colored Infantry, a unit of the Union (North) Army
43rd Georgia Volunteer Infantry, a unit of the Confederate Army
43rd North Carolina Infantry, a unit of the Confederate Army
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Patriot systems have been sold to the Netherlands, Poland, Germany, Japan, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Republic of China (Taiwan), Greece, Spain, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Romania. South Korea purchased several second-hand Patriot systems from Germany after North Korea test-launched ballistic missiles to the Sea of Japan and proceeded with underground nuclear testing in 2006. Jordan also purchased several second-hand Patriot systems from Germany.
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The Nike-Hercules missile, the United States military's first anti-aircraft missile capable of being equipped with nuclear warheads, was a formidable defense weapon. The United States’ Nike-Hercules sites were created in response to the rising possibility of nuclear attack by Soviet bombers. Operation of Nike-Hercules sites such as Site Summit required 125 personnel. Despite the ability of Nike missiles, the advent of intercontinental missiles quickly made the Nike-Hercules missiles obsolete. Nike-Hercules sites began closing in 1965 and all Nike-Hercules sites had been decommissioned by 1975 except ones in Alaska and Florida—Site Summit in Anchorage and the Nike-Hercules site in Key West were the last two sites to close in 1979.Friends of Nike Site Summit partnered with multiple state agencies in 2009 in order to restore the site. After three years of restoration, guided tours began in the summer of 2012.U.S. Army Regimental System
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Artillery formations of the United States
|Air Defense Artillery|