409 (song)

"409" is a song written by Brian Wilson, Mike Love, and Gary Usher for the American rock and roll band the Beach Boys. The song features Love singing lead vocals. It was originally released as the B-side of the single "Surfin' Safari" (1962).[3] It was later released on their 1962 album, Surfin' Safari and appeared again on their 1963 album, Little Deuce Coupe.

The song is credited for initiating the hot rod music craze of the 1960s.[1]

"409"
409 - The Beach Boys
Single by The Beach Boys
from the album Surfin' Safari and Little Deuce Coupe
A-side"Surfin' Safari"
ReleasedJune 4, 1962
FormatVinyl
RecordedApril 19, 1962
Western Studios
GenreHot rod rock,[1] car song[2]
Length1:59
LabelCapitol
Songwriter(s)Brian Wilson, Mike Love, Gary Usher
Producer(s)Murry Wilson
The Beach Boys singles chronology
"Surfin'"
(1961)
"409"
(1962)
"Ten Little Indians"
(1962)

Composition

"409" was inspired by Gary Usher's obsession with hot rods.[4] Its title refers to an automobile fitted with Chevrolet's 409-cubic-inch-displacement "big block" V8 engine.[3] The song's narrator concludes with the description "My four speed, dual-quad, positraction four-oh-nine." This version of the engine - at 409hp, achieving 1hp per cubic inch - featured twin "D" series Carter AFB (Aluminum Four Barrel) carburetors ("dual-quads"). It was offered in new vehicles (Impala SS ["Super Sport"]; Bel Air; Biscayne) and as replacement units in the 1962 model year.[5]

The group's treatment of this song, one of their first major releases recorded April 1962 (released June 4), reflects the influence of black R&B acts popular on Los Angeles radio stations at the time and shows a more raw approach to rock and roll than their much more polished releases continuing in 1963. It stayed one week on the Billboard Hot 100 at number 76 in October 1962.[6]

Personnel

References

  1. ^ a b Breitenstein, Jeff. Ultimate Hot Rod Dictionary: A-Bombs to Zoomies. MotorBooks International. p. 107. ISBN 978-1-61059-235-2.
  2. ^ Hoffmann, Frank W.; Bailey, William G. (1990). Arts & Entertainment Fads, Volume 1. Binghampton: Haworth Press. p. 61-62. ISBN 9780866568814.
  3. ^ a b Profile at Songfacts
  4. ^ "The Beach Boys: 409". allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  5. ^ Marion, Doug (January 11, 2008). "40 Years Of 348 And 409 W-Engines - W-ow!". superchevy.com. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
  6. ^ Hot 100 - The Beach Boys 409 Chart History, Billboard.com. Retrieved January 11, 2018.

External links

List of compositions by Franz Schubert by genre

Franz Schubert (31 January 1797 – 19 November 1828) was an extremely prolific Austrian composer. He composed some 1500 works (or, when collections, cycles and variants are grouped, some thousand compositions). The largest group are the lieder for piano and solo voice (over six hundred), and nearly as many piano pieces. Schubert also composed some 150 part songs, some 40 liturgical compositions (including several masses) and around 20 stage works like operas and incidental music. His orchestral output includes a dozen symphonies (seven completed) and several overtures. Schubert's chamber music includes over 20 string quartets, and several quintets, trios and duos.

This article constitutes a complete list of Schubert's known works organized by their genre. The complete output is divided in eight series, and in principle follows the order established by the Neue Schubert-Ausgabe printed edition. The works found in each series are ordered ascendingly according to Deutsch numbers, the information of which attempts to reflect the most current information with regards to Schubert's catalogue.

The list below includes the following information:

D – the catalogue number assigned by Otto Erich Deutsch or NSA authorities

Genre – the musical genre to which the piece belongs. This has been omitted when the genre is self-explanatory or unnecessary, i.e. piano dances

Title – the title of the work

Incipit – the first line(s) of text, as pertaining to vocal works

Scoring – the instrumentation and/or vocal forces required for the work

Informal Title – any additional names by which the work is known, when applicable

Former Deutsch Number – information on Deutsch numbers that have been reassigned, when applicable

Date – the known or assumed date of composition, when available; or date of publication

Opus Number – the opus number of the original publication of the work, when applicable

Setting – the order of setting as it pertains to vocal works that have numerous settings of the same text

Version – the number of version as it pertains to works or vocal settings that have more than one existing version

Notes – any additional information concerning the work: alternate titles, completeness, relation to other works, authorship, etc.

List of compositions by Henry Purcell

This is a list of musical compositions by Henry Purcell.

List of songs by Franz Schubert

The following is a list of the complete secular vocal output composed by Franz Schubert (31 January 1797 – 19 November 1828).

It is divided into eleven sections, and attempts to reflect the most current information with regards to Schubert's catalogue. The works contained in this list refer to those found primarily in the following two series of the New Schubert Edition (NSE) edition:

Series III: Partsongs, Choruses and Cantatas (Mehrstimmige Gesänge)

Series IV: Songs for solo voice (Lieder)Note however that some of Schubert's song cycles contain both Lieder and part songs.

The list below includes the following information:

D – the catalogue number assigned by Otto Erich Deutsch or NSE authorities

Genre – the musical genre to which the piece belongs

Title – the title of the work

Incipit – the first line(s) of text, as pertaining to vocal works

Scoring – the instrumentation and/or vocal forces required for the work

Informal Title – any additional names by which the work is known, when applicable

Former Deutsch Number – information on Deutsch numbers that have been reassigned, when applicable

Date – the known or assumed date of composition, when available; or date of publication

Opus Number – the opus number of the original publication of the work, when applicable

Setting – the order of setting as it pertains to vocal works that have numerous settings of the same text

Version – the number of version as it pertains to vocal settings that have more than one existing version

Notes – any additional information concerning the work: alternate titles, completeness, relation to other works, authorship, etc.

The Focus Family Album

The Focus Family Album is a compilation album by the Dutch progressive rock band Focus. It shares the same concept with 1976's Ship of Memories. A total of 15 previously unreleased tracks and alternate versions are included on this set.

Songs
Related articles
1960s
1970s
1980s
1990s
2010s

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.