406

Year 406 (CDVI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Arcadius and Probus (or, less frequently, year 1159 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 406 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
406 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar406
CDVI
Ab urbe condita1159
Assyrian calendar5156
Balinese saka calendar327–328
Bengali calendar−187
Berber calendar1356
Buddhist calendar950
Burmese calendar−232
Byzantine calendar5914–5915
Chinese calendar乙巳(Wood Snake)
3102 or 3042
    — to —
丙午年 (Fire Horse)
3103 or 3043
Coptic calendar122–123
Discordian calendar1572
Ethiopian calendar398–399
Hebrew calendar4166–4167
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat462–463
 - Shaka Samvat327–328
 - Kali Yuga3506–3507
Holocene calendar10406
Iranian calendar216 BP – 215 BP
Islamic calendar223 BH – 222 BH
Javanese calendar289–290
Julian calendar406
CDVI
Korean calendar2739
Minguo calendar1506 before ROC
民前1506年
Nanakshahi calendar−1062
Seleucid era717/718 AG
Thai solar calendar948–949
Tibetan calendar阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
532 or 151 or −621
    — to —
阳火马年
(male Fire-Horse)
533 or 152 or −620

Events

By place

Roman Empire

  • Radagaisus is forced to retreat into the hills of Fiesole. There he tries to escape, but is captured by the Romans.
Defeat of Radagaisus at Fiesole
Defeat of Radagaisus at Fiesole

Asia

By topic

Agriculture

Religion

Births

Deaths

406 Maritime Operational Training Squadron

406 "City of Saskatoon" Maritime Operational Training Squadron is a Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) unit of the Canadian Armed Forces. Based at 12 Wing Shearwater since 1972, it is responsible for crew training on the Sikorsky CH-124 Sea King helicopter, but will be solely training with Sikorsky CH-148 Cyclone since summer of 2016. The squadron was formed during World War II as part of RAF Fighter Command.

Area code 406

Area code 406 is the telephone area code covering the entire state of Montana. It has been Montana's area code since area codes were created in 1947.

As of 2013, there were 1.7 million lines served by 47 carriers; all but two wireline providers support local number portability (the exceptions are small rural independents Hot Springs Telephone Company and Northern Telephone Cooperative). Sufficient available codes for new exchanges in the 406 area code exist to meet anticipated demand until 2023; number pooling has been implemented in response to increased demand and inefficient use of 406 numbering resources.

Attila

Attila (; fl. c. 406–453), frequently called Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453. He was also the leader of a tribal empire consisting of Huns, Ostrogoths, and Alans among others, in Central and Eastern Europe.

During his reign, he was one of the most feared enemies of the Western and Eastern Roman Empires. He crossed the Danube twice and plundered the Balkans, but was unable to take Constantinople. His unsuccessful campaign in Persia was followed in 441 by an invasion of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire, the success of which emboldened Attila to invade the West. He also attempted to conquer Roman Gaul (modern France), crossing the Rhine in 451 and marching as far as Aurelianum (Orléans) before being defeated at the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains.

He subsequently invaded Italy, devastating the northern provinces, but was unable to take Rome. He planned for further campaigns against the Romans, but died in 453. After Attila's death, his close adviser, Ardaric of the Gepids, led a Germanic revolt against Hunnic rule, after which the Hunnic Empire quickly collapsed.

Emergency position-indicating radiobeacon station

An emergency position-indicating radiobeacon station is a distress radiobeacon, a tracking transmitter that is triggered during an accident. These are detected by satellites. The system is monitored by an international consortium of rescue services, COSPAS-SARSAT. The basic purpose of this system is to help rescuers find survivors within the so-called "golden day" (the first 24 hours following a traumatic event) during which the majority of survivors can usually be saved.

The standard frequency of a modern EPIRB is 406-MHz. It is an internationally-regulated mobile radiocommunication service that aids search and rescue operations to detect and locate distressed boats, aircraft, and people. It is distinct from a Satellite emergency position-indicating radiobeacon station.

The first form of these beacons was the 121.500 MHz ELT, which was designed as an automatic locator beacon for crashed military aircraft. These beacons were first used in the 1950s by the U.S. military and were mandated for use on many types of commercial and general aviation aircraft beginning in the early 1970s. The frequency and signal format used by the ELT beacons was not designed for satellite detection, which resulted in a system with poor location detection abilities and with long delays in detection of activated beacons. The satellite detection network was built after the ELT beacons were already in general use, with the first satellite not being launched until 1982, and even then, the satellites only provided detection, with location accuracy being roughly 20 km. The technology was later expanded to cover use on vessels at sea (EPIRB), individual persons (PLB and, starting in 2016, MSLD). All have migrated from using 121.500 MHz as their primary frequency to using 406 MHz, which was designed for satellite detection and location.Since the inception of Cospas-Sarsat in 1982, distress radiobeacons have assisted in the rescue of over 28,000 people in more than 7,000 distress situations. In 2010 alone, the system provided information used to rescue 2,388 persons in 641 distress situations.The type of radiobeacons is determined by the environment for which it was designed to be used:

ELTs (emergency locator transmitters) signal aircraft distress

EPIRBs (emergency position-indicating radio beacons) signal maritime distress

SEPIRBs (submarine emergency position-indicating radio beacons) are EPIRBs designed only for use on submarines

SSASes (ship security alert system) are used to indicate possible piracy or terrorism attacks on sea-going vessels

PLBs (personal locator beacons) are for personal use and are intended to indicate a person in distress who is away from normal emergency services; e.g., 9-1-1. They are also used for crewsaving applications in shipping and lifeboats at terrestrial systems. In New South Wales, some police stations and the National Parks and Wildlife Service provide personal locator beacons to hikers for no charge.Distress alerts transmitted from ELTs, EPIRBs, SSASes, and PLBs, are received and processed by the International Cospas-Sarsat Programme, the international satellite system for search and rescue (SAR). These beacons transmit a 0.5 second burst of data every 50 seconds, varying over a span of 2.5 seconds to avoid multiple beacons always transmitting at the same time.

When manually activated, or automatically activated upon immersion or impact, such beacons send out a distress signal. The signals are monitored worldwide and the location of the distress is detected by non-geostationary satellites using the Doppler effect for trilateration, and in more recent EPIRBs also by GPS.Loosely related devices, including search and rescue transponders (SART), AIS-SART, avalanche transceivers, and RECCO do not operate on 406 MHz and are thus covered in separate articles.

German submarine U-406

German submarine U-406 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II.

She was laid down on 6 September 1940 by Danziger Werft, Danzig as yard number 107, launched on 16 June 1941 and commissioned on 22 October 1941 under Oberleutnant zur See Horst Dietrichs.

ISO 5775

ISO 5775 is an international standard for labeling the size of bicycle tires and rims. The system used was originally developed by the European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO). It is designed to make tire sizing consistent and clear. It replaces overlapping informal systems that ambiguously distinguished between sizes. For example, at least 6 different "26 inch" sizes exist (just by American notation), and "27 inch" wheels have a larger diameter than American "28 inch" (French "700C") wheels. The Japanese standard JIS D 9421 specifies the same dimensional system, but adds details on additional rim types and also specifies additional parameters such as rim strength and details spoke holes.

Interstate 59

Interstate 59 (I-59) is an Interstate Highway located in the southeastern United States. It is a north–south route that spans 445.23 miles (716.53 km) from a junction with I-10 and I-12 at Slidell, Louisiana, to a junction with I-24 near Wildwood, Georgia.

The highway connects the metropolitan areas of New Orleans, Louisiana; Birmingham, Alabama; and Chattanooga, Tennessee, running closely parallel to the older U.S. Route 11 (US 11) corridor for the entire distance. Approximately one-third of the route, spanning 153 miles (246 km) from Meridian, Mississippi, to Birmingham, Alabama, overlaps that of the east–west I-20.

I-59 is a four-lane freeway along its entire route, other than a short stretch extending from north of Tuscaloosa, Alabama, through Birmingham, where it widens to six lanes or more.

Johannes Kepler

Johannes Kepler (; German: [joˈhanəs ˈkɛplɐ, -nɛs -]; December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer. He is a key figure in the 17th-century scientific revolution, best known for his laws of planetary motion, and his books Astronomia nova, Harmonices Mundi, and Epitome Astronomiae Copernicanae. These works also provided one of the foundations for Newton's theory of universal gravitation.

Kepler was a mathematics teacher at a seminary school in Graz, where he became an associate of Prince Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg. Later he became an assistant to the astronomer Tycho Brahe in Prague, and eventually the imperial mathematician to Emperor Rudolf II and his two successors Matthias and Ferdinand II. He also taught mathematics in Linz, and was an adviser to General Wallenstein.

Additionally, he did fundamental work in the field of optics, invented an improved version of the refracting (or Keplerian) telescope, and was mentioned in the telescopic discoveries of his contemporary Galileo Galilei. He was a corresponding member of the Accademia dei Lincei in Rome.Kepler lived in an era when there was no clear distinction between astronomy and astrology, but there was a strong division between astronomy (a branch of mathematics within the liberal arts) and physics (a branch of natural philosophy). Kepler also incorporated religious arguments and reasoning into his work, motivated by the religious conviction and belief that God had created the world according to an intelligible plan that is accessible through the natural light of reason.Kepler described his new astronomy as "celestial physics", as "an excursion into Aristotle's Metaphysics", and as "a supplement to Aristotle's On the Heavens", transforming the ancient tradition of physical cosmology by treating astronomy as part of a universal mathematical physics.

List of HTTP status codes

This is a list of Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) response status codes. Status codes are issued by a server in response to a client's request made to the server. It includes codes from IETF Request for Comments (RFCs), other specifications, and some additional codes used in some common applications of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). The first digit of the status code specifies one of five standard classes of responses. The message phrases shown are typical, but any human-readable alternative may be provided. Unless otherwise stated, the status code is part of the HTTP/1.1 standard (RFC 7231).The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) maintains the official registry of HTTP status codes.Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) sometimes uses additional decimal sub-codes for more specific information, however these sub-codes only appear in the response payload and in documentation, not in the place of an actual HTTP status code.

All HTTP response status codes are separated into five classes (or categories). The first digit of the status code defines the class of response. The last two digits do not have any class or categorization role. There are five values for the first digit:

1xx (Informational): The request was received, continuing process

2xx (Successful): The request was successfully received, understood, and accepted

3xx (Redirection): Further action needs to be taken in order to complete the request

4xx (Client Error): The request contains bad syntax or cannot be fulfilled

5xx (Server Error): The server failed to fulfill an apparently valid request

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 406

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 406 of the United States Reports:

S&E Contractors, Inc. v. United States, 406 U.S. 1 (1972)

Illinois v. Milwaukee, 406 U.S. 91 (1972)

Washington v. General Motors Corp., 406 U.S. 109 (1972)

Nebraska v. Iowa, 406 U.S. 117 (1972)

Affiliated Ute Citizens of Utah v. United States, 406 U.S. 128 (1972)

Weber v. Aetna Casualty & Surety Co., 406 U.S. 164 (1972)

Vermont v. New York, 406 U.S. 186 (1972) (per curiam)

Sixty-seventh Minnesota State Senate v. Beens, 406 U.S. 187 (1972) (per curiam)

Wisconsin v. Yoder, 406 U.S. 205 (1972)

Dukes v. Warden, Conn. State Prison, 406 U.S. 250 (1972)

NLRB v. Burns Int'l Security Services, Inc., 406 U.S. 272 (1972)

United States v. Biswell, 406 U.S. 311 (1972)

Andrews v. Louisville & Nashville R. Co., 406 U.S. 320 (1972)

Huffman v. Boersen, 406 U.S. 337 (1972) (per curiam)

Atlantic Coast Line R. Co. v. Erie Lackawanna R. Co., 406 U.S. 340 (1972) (per curiam)

Strait v. Laird, 406 U.S. 341 (1972)

Johnson v. Louisiana, 406 U.S. 356 (1972)

Apodaca v. Oregon, 406 U.S. 404 (1972)

Caplin v. Marine Midland Grace Trust Co., 406 U.S. 416 (1972)

Kastigar v. United States, 406 U.S. 441 (1972)

Zicarelli v. New Jersey Comm'n of Investigation, 406 U.S. 472 (1972)

Sarno v. Illinois Crime Investigation Comm'n, 406 U.S. 482 (1972) (per curiam)

Utah v. United States, 406 U.S. 484 (1972)

Operating Engineers v. Flair Builders, Inc., 406 U.S. 487 (1972)

Lake Carriers' Assn. v. MacMullan, 406 U.S. 498 (1972)

Deepsouth Packing Co. v. Laitram Corp., 406 U.S. 518 (1972)

Jefferson v. Hackney, 406 U.S. 535 (1972)

Socialist Labor Party v. Gilligan, 406 U.S. 583 (1972)

Carleson v. Remillard, 406 U.S. 598 (1972)

Brooks v. Tennessee, 406 U.S. 605 (1972)

FPC v. Louisiana Power & Light Co., 406 U.S. 621 (1972)

United States v. Midwest Video Corp., 406 U.S. 649 (1972)

Kirby v. Illinois, 406 U.S. 682 (1972)

Brunette Machine Works, Ltd. v. Kockum Industries, Inc., 406 U.S. 706 (1972)

Jackson v. Indiana, 406 U.S. 715 (1972)

United States v. Allegheny-Ludlum Steel Corp., 406 U.S. 742 (1972)

First Nat. City Bank v. Banco Nacional de Cuba, 406 U.S. 759 (1972)

Laird v. Nelms, 406 U.S. 797 (1972)

Aikens v. California, 406 U.S. 813 (1972) (per curiam)

Morane-Saulnier M.S.406

The Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 was a French fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by Morane-Saulnier starting in 1938. It was France's most numerous fighter during the Second World War and one of only two French designs to exceed 1,000 in number. At the beginning of the war, it was one of only two French-built aircraft capable of 400 km/h (250 mph) – the other being the Potez 630.In response to a requirement for a fighter issued by the French Air Force in 1934, Morane-Saulnier built a prototype, designated MS.405, of mixed materials. This had the distinction of being the company's first low-wing monoplane, as well as the first to feature an enclosed cockpit, and the first design with a retracting undercarriage. The entry to service of the M.S.406 to the French Air Force in early 1939 represented the first modern fighter aircraft to be adopted by the service. Although a sturdy and highly manoeuverable fighter aircraft, it was considered underpowered and weakly armed when compared to its contemporaries. Most critically, the M.S.406 was outperformed by the Messerschmitt Bf 109E during the Battle of France.

During the early stages of the Second World War, the type was capable of holding its own during the so-called Phoney War. However, upon the invasion of France breaking out in earnest in May 1940, large numbers were lost, amounting to approximately 400 aircraft being lost, in total. Out of this total, around 150 were lost to enemy fighters and ground fire, while another 100 aircraft were destroyed on the ground during enemy air raids; the remainder were deliberately destroyed by French military personnel to prevent the fighters from falling into enemy hands intact. In return, French M.S.406 squadrons had achieved 191 confirmed victories, along with another 83 probable victories. Limited production of the type continued in France for sometime after the 1940 Armistice under German supervision.

In addition to its service with the French Air Force, the M.S.406 was also exported to a range of customers. Out of 160 airplanes ordered by Poland, none had reached Polish territory before the outbreak of war, with the first part of delivery sent on 29 August 1939. Of particular note was its service in the hands of Finnish and Swiss air forces; both operators chose to develop their own indigenous models, such as the Finnish Mörkö-Morane). By the end of the war, the majority of M.S.406s and its derivatives were out of service, having been rendered obsolete in comparison to rapid advances in fighter aircraft technology. Its final use was as an advanced trainer aircraft in Finland, prior to the last examples of the type being scrapped during 1952.

NGC 406

NGC 406 is a spiral galaxy quite similar to the well known Whirlpool Galaxy, located some 65 million light-years away, in the southern constellation of Tucana (the Toucan) and discovered in 1834 by John Herschel. It is described in the New General Catalogue as "faint, very large, round, very gradually a little brighter middle". NGC 406 is about 60000 light-years across, roughly half the diameter of the Milky way.

Ontario Highway 406

King's Highway 406 (pronounced "four-oh-six"), commonly referred to as Highway 406, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The primary north-south route though the central portion of the Niagara Peninsula, Highway 406 connects Welland, Thorold and downtown St. Catharines to the Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW).

Construction of Highway 406 began in 1963. The first section opened between St. Davids Road and Geneva Street on December 7, 1965, followed by a southward extension to Beaverdams Road in late 1969. The route was later extended south as a super two to Merritt Road where it became Highway 58. In 1977, construction began to connect the freeway with the QEW; this was completed in late 1984. Construction on the route resumed in 1987, connecting the route with East Main Street in Welland, completed in 1995.

In 2009 construction resumed on the highway to expand the remaining two lane sections to a four-lane divided freeway, with the existing route becoming the southbound lanes of the new freeway. The southern terminus in Welland was converted to a roundabout while the remaining at-grade intersections were rebuilt as interchanges.

Peugeot 406

The Peugeot 406 is a large family car that was produced by French automaker Peugeot between 1995 and 2004. Available in saloon, estate and coupé bodystyles with a choice of petrol or turbodiesel engines, the 406 replaced the Peugeot 405 in Peugeot's lineup, and was itself replaced by the Peugeot 407. It used the same platform as the Citroën Xantia, though without that car's sophisticated hydropneumatic suspension system.

Rural Municipality of Mayfield No. 406

Mayfield No. 406, Saskatchewan, is a rural municipality of 394 rural residents (2006 census) in the northwestern part of Saskatchewan, Canada. The RM was incorporated December 19, 1909. Other localities in the area include Ruddell, Denholm, Lilac, Maymont and Fielding. The name is a portmanteau of Maymont and Fielding. The rural municipality is also home to the world famous Baker Mayfield’s Bakery in Mayfield.

A rural municipality is an administrative district consisting of an elected reeve, councilors, administrator who provide essential services within their area.

Glenburn Regional Park is the original site of the Eagle Hills Post, built in 1778

Siemens Velaro

Siemens Velaro is a family of high-speed EMU trains used in Germany, Belgium, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Spain, China, Russia and Turkey. The Velaro is based on the ICE 3M/F high-speed trains manufactured by Siemens for the Deutsche Bahn (DB). The Deutsche Bahn were the first to order Siemens high speed trains; it ordered 13 of these units in 1994, the Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS) 4 units. The trains were delivered in 1999 for service. The trains were labelled and marketed as the Velaro by their manufacturer, Siemens.

Siemens developed its Siemens Velaro based on the ICE 3M/F. Spain's RENFE was the first to order Velaro trains, known as Velaro E, for their AVE network. Wider versions were ordered by China for the Beijing-Tianjin high-speed rail (China Railways CRH3) and Russia for the Moscow–Saint Petersburg and the Moscow–Nizhny Novgorod routes (Velaro RUS/Сапсан). Since December 2013, the latest generation, Velaro D has been running in its home country, Germany.

In July 2006 a Siemens Velaro train-set (AVE S-103) reached 403.7 km/h (250.8 mph). At that time, this was the world record for railed and unmodified commercial service trainsets. This record was beaten the following year by the French TGV on 3 April 2007 achieving 574.8 km/h (357.2 mph).

Taz-Mania

Taz-Mania is an American cartoon sitcom produced by Warner Bros. Animation from 1991 to 1995, broadcast in the United States on Fox. The show follows the adventures of the "Looney Tunes" character Taz (The Tasmanian Devil) in the fictional land of Tazmania (based on Tasmania).Similar to other Warner Brothers cartoons of its time, such as Animaniacs and Tiny Toon Adventures, Taz-Mania frequently broke the fourth wall, and often made jokes showing that Taz could actually speak perfectly normally when he wanted to. The intro indicates that, in this rendering of Tasmania, "the sky's always yellow, rain or shine". The title song is performed by Jess Harnell and Jim Cummings.

USCGC Acacia (WLB-406)

The USCGC Acacia (WLB 406) was second to the last of a fleet of 39 similar 180-foot seagoing buoy tenders completed during World War II. Acacia was named after the former United States Lighthouse Service tender Acacia, the only tender sunk during World War II. Acacia is a multi-purpose vessel, nominally a buoy tender, but with equipment and capabilities for ice breaking, search and rescue, fire fighting, logistics, and other tasks as well.Acacia was homeported in Port Huron, Michigan, Sturgeon Bay, WI, Grand Haven, MI and Charlevoix, MI. The ship's primary duty was maintaining more than 210 buoys, lighthouses, and other navigational aids. Her area of operation ranged from as far south as Calumet Harbor, south Chicago, to as far north as Little Bay de Noc, including Green Bay, Wisconsin; Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin; and Wisconsin’s Door Peninsula.Among her various duties were search and rescue of lost or disabled vessels and icebreaking assistance during the cold winter months. During the ice season, Acacia was one of several Coast Guard ice breakers engaged in Operation Coal Shovel, which keeps the channels between Toledo, Ohio and Detroit, Michigan open for the coal ships supplying power plants and industries in Detroit.Acacia also worked with NOAA in their efforts to acquire accurate weather information and with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service when they stocked Lake Michigan with hundreds of thousands of yearling trout.

Acacia was decommissioned June 7, 2006 after 62 years of service. Acacia was the second to last of the 180-foot (55 m) vessels to serve. Although another ship was not assigned to Acacia's last home port, her duties were picked up then by newly commissioned USCGC Mackinaw which is equipped to handle buoy tending as well as ice breaking.

USS Sea Poacher

USS Sea Poacher (SS/AGSS-406), a Balao-class submarine, was a vessel of the United States Navy named for the sea poacher, a slender, mailed fish of the North Atlantic.

Sea Poacher (SS-406) was built by the Portsmouth Navy Yard in Kittery, Maine; launched on 20 May 1944; sponsored by Mrs. J. H. Spiller, wife of Commander Spiller, hull superintendent at the Navy Yard; and commissioned on 31 July 1944, Commander Francis M. Gambacorta in command.

Wisconsin v. Yoder

Wisconsin v. Jonas Yoder, 406 U.S. 205 (1972), is the case in which the United States Supreme Court found that Amish children could not be placed under compulsory education past 8th grade. The parents' fundamental right to freedom of religion was determined to outweigh the state's interest in educating its children. The case is often cited as a basis for parents' right to educate their children outside of traditional private or public schools.

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