3rd Infantry Division (South Korea)

The 3rd Infantry Division is a unit of the Republic of Korea Army.

3rd Infantry Division
3rd Infantry Division (South Korea) New
3rd Infantry Division insignia
FoundedMay 12, 1949
Country South Korea
BranchFlag of the Republic of Korea Army.svg Republic of Korea Army
Part of5th Corps (Republic of Korea)
Nickname(s)"White Skull"
EngagementsKorean War


First formed as the 3rd brigade on December 1, 1947. On December 24, 1949, the division conducted the Mungyeong massacre.[1] The unit was upgraded to a division on May 12, 1949.[2] The division was under the direct control of the Republic of Korea Army after the first fall of Seoul. It became part of the defensive line to slow the North Korean advance from Seoul to Daejeon. It also fought in the Battle of Pusan Perimeter.[3] After the breakout from the Pusan Perimeter, fierce battles were fought in the harbor village of Pohang between the 3rd Division and the NKPA's 5th Division. The 3rd finally captured the village during the morning of the twentieth. They continued to attack aggressively, forcing a disorderly withdrawal by the NKPA toward Yongdok.[4] During the course of the war, the 3rd Infantry Division took part in over 150 battles, killing and capturing more than 51,000 enemy soldiers. It is also known as the invincible unit because it has never lost a single battle. They are the frontline troops.[5] The division has since 1991 maintained a traditional guard of honour unit based on ancient Korean guard units dating back to the 6th century. It was created after president Roh Tae-woo reviewed the Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps and the Commander-in-Chief's Guard of the 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment during his visit to the White House that year. Since then, the unit has taken the role of officially welcoming heads of state and other dignitaries and changing guard duties outside the Gyeongbokgung.

Current structure

KOCIS Korea John Kerry Visiting 20140213 04 (12577966824)
Troops of the Division dressed in traditional uniforms.
  • Headquarters:
    • Anti-Tank Company
    • DMZ Patrol Company
    • Armor Battalion
    • Signal Battalion
    • Reconnaissance Battalion
    • Engineer Battalion
    • Support Battalion
    • Medical Battalion
    • Chemical Battalion
    • Traditional Unit
  • 18th Infantry Regiment
  • 22nd Infantry Regiment
  • 23rd Infantry Regiment
  • Artillery Regiment

See also


  1. ^ Jeong Hee-san (2000-01-13). "문경 양민 학살 진실 밝혀질까 문경 양민 학살 유족들, 헌법 소원 내기로…정부, 50년 동안 외면". Sisapress. Retrieved 2011-11-30.
  2. ^ Pike, John. "3rd Infantry Division". www.globalsecurity.org.
  3. ^ Webb, William J. The Korean War: The Outbreak. United States Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 19-6.
  4. ^ Gammons, Stephen L.Y. The Korean War: The UN Offensive. United States Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 19-7. Archived from the original on 2010-06-12.
  5. ^ http://www.army.mil.kr/

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