|3rd Air Defense Artillery Regiment|
|Branch||United States Army|
|Type||Air defense artillery|
|Motto(s)||NON CEDO FERIO (yield not, strike).|
Walker Keith Armistead
Romeyn B. Ayres
Distinctive unit insignia
Regiment broken up 13 February 1901 and its elements reorganized and redesignated as separate numbered companies and batteries of the Artillery Corps.
Reconstituted 1 July 1924 in the Regular Army as the 3rd Coast Artillery (Harbor Defense) (Type B) and organized (less Batteries C, F, and G) with headquarters and Batteries A & B at Fort MacArthur, California in the Harbor Defenses of Los Angeles. The regiment was organized by redesignating the 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th, 31st, 34th, 35th, and 36th companies of the Coast Artillery Corps (CAC). Batteries A, B, D, and E carried the lineage and designations of the corresponding batteries in the old 3rd Artillery. HHB 2nd Bn and Btry D at Fort Rosecrans, CA (HD San Diego) (Btry C inactive), and HHB 3rd Bn and Btry E at Fort Stevens, Oregon (HD Columbia River) (Btrys F & G inactive).
Batteries A and B inactivated 1 March 1930 at San Pedro and Fort MacArthur, California, respectively; Batteries A and F activated 1 July 1939 at Fort MacArthur, California, and Fort Stevens, Oregon, respectively; Battery D inactivated 1 February 1940 at Fort Rosecrans, California (replaced by Battery A, 19th Coast Artillery), with Batteries E & F inactivated at Fort Stevens, Oregon (they became Batteries A & B, 18th Coast Artillery); Battery B activated 1 July 1940 at Fort MacArthur, California; Batteries C, D, E, and F activated 2 December 1940 at Fort MacArthur, California; Batteries B & D exchanged designations mid-December 1940; Battery G (searchlight battery) activated 1 June 1941 at Los Angeles, California; Battery G inactivated 29 August 1941 at Los Angeles, California; Battery G activated 14 February 1942 at Fort MacArthur, California; Batteries C & D exchanged designations 1 October 1942.
Regiment broken up 18 October 1944 and its elements reorganized and redesignated as follows:
Headquarters and Headquarters Battery as Battery B, 521st Coast Artillery Battalion.
1st, 2d, and 3d Battalions as the 520th, 521st, and 522nd Coast Artillery Battalions, respectively.
After 18 October 1944 the above units underwent changes as follows:
520th CA Battalion redesignated as 3rd CA Battalion 1 December 1944.
3rd CA Battalion, 521st CA Battalion, and 522nd CA Battalion, disbanded 15 September 1945 at Fort MacArthur, California.
Reconstituted 28 June 1950 in the Regular Army and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 3d Antiaircraft Artillery Group Activated 11 June 1951 at Camp Stewart, Georgia Redesignated 20 March 1958 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 3d Artillery Group. Inactivated 15 December 1961 at Norfolk, Virginia.
520th Coast Artillery Battalion redesignated 1 December 1944 as the 3d Coast Artillery Battalion. Disbanded 15 September 1945 at Fort MacArthur, California. Reconstituted 20 January 1950 in the Regular Army; concurrently consolidated with the 3d Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion (active) (see ANNEX 1) and consolidated unit designated as the 3d Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion, an element of the 3d Infantry Division Redesignated 15 April 1953 as the 3d Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion Inactivated 1 July 1957 at Fort Benning, Georgia, and relieved from assignment to the 3d Infantry Division.
521st Coast Artillery Battalion disbanded 15 September 1945 at Fort MacArthur, California. Reconstituted 28 June 1950 in the Regular Army and redesignated as the 18th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion Redesignated 13 March 1952 as the 18th Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion Activated 2 May 1952 at Fort Custer, Michigan Redesignated 24 July 1953 as the 18th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion Redesignated 15 June 1957 as the 18th Antiaircraft Artillery Missile Battalion. Inactivated 1 September 1958 at Detroit, Michigan.
522nd Coast Artillery Battalion disbanded 15 September 1945 at Huntington Beach (Bolsa Chica Military Reservation), California. Reconstituted 28 June 1950 in the Regular Army; concurrently consolidated with the 43d Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion (active) (see ANNEX 2) and consolidated unit designated as the 43d Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion, an element of the 10th Infantry Division. Redesignated 15 June 1954 as the 43d Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion Relieved 16 May 1957 from assignment to the 10th Infantry Division Inactivated 14 November 1957 in Germany.
Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 3d Artillery Group; 18th Antiaircraft Artillery Missile Battalion; 3d and 43d Antiaircraft Artillery Battalions; and the 3d Armored Field Artillery Battalion (organized in 1907) consolidated, reorganized, and redesignated 15 December 1961 as the 3d Artillery, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System.
3d Artillery (less former 3d Armored Field Artillery Battalion) reorganized and redesignated 1 September 1971 as the 3d Air Defense Artillery, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System (former 3d Armored Field Artillery Battalion concurrently reorganized and redesignated as the 3d Field Artillery – hereafter separate lineage).
Withdrawn 16 July 1989 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System.
Constituted 6 July 1942 in the Army of the United States as the 534th Coast Artillery Battalion
Activated 15 July 1942 at Fort Bliss, Texas
Redesignated 12 December 1943 as the 534th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion
Inactivated 19 October 1945 at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia
Redesignated 9 December 1948 as the 3d Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion and allotted to the Regular Army
Activated 15 January 1949 at Fort Bliss, Texas
(3d Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion assigned 22 November 1949 to the 3d Infantry Division)
Constituted 5 May 1942 in the Army of the United States as the 2d Battalion, 504th Coast Artillery
Activated 1 July 1942 at Camp Hulen, Texas
Reorganized and redesignated 20 January 1943 as the 630th Coast Artillery Battalion
Redesignated 12 December 1943 as the 630th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion
Inactivated 26 September 1945 in Italy
Redesignated 18 June 1948 as the 43d Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion and assigned to the 10th Infantry Division
Activated 1 July 1948 at Fort Riley, Kansas
War of 1812: Canada
Indian Wars: Seminoles; Washington 1858
Mexican War: Palo Alto; Resaca de la Palma; Monterey; Buena Vista; Vera Cruz; Cerro Gordo; Contreras; Churubusco; Molino del Rey; Chapultepec; Puebla 1847
Civil War: Peninsula; Antietam; Fredericksburg; Chancellorsville; Gettysburg Wilderness; Spotsylvania; Petersburg; Shenandoah; Mississippi 1863; Tennessee 1863; Tennessee 1864; Virginia 1863
War with Spain: Manila
World War II: Naples-Foggia (with arrowhead); Anzio (with arrowhead); Rome-Arno Southern France (with arrowhead); North Apennines; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe; Po Valley
Korean War: CCF Intervention; First UN Counteroffensive; CCF Spring Offensive; UN Summer-Fall Offensive; Second Korean Winter; Korea, Summer-Fall 1952; Third Korean Winter Korea, Summer 1953
Southwest Asia: Defense of Saudi Arabia; Liberation and Defense of Kuwait; Cease-Fire
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The Air Defense Artillery branch is the branch of the United States Army that specializes in anti-aircraft weapons (such as surface to air missiles). In the U.S. Army, these groups are composed of mainly air defense systems such as the Patriot Missile System, Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD), and the Avenger Air Defense system which fires the FIM-92 Stinger missile. The Air Defense Artillery branch descended from Anti-Aircraft Artillery (part of the U.S. Army Coast Artillery Corps until 1950, then part of the Artillery Branch) into a separate branch on 20 June 1968. On 1 December 1968, the ADA branch was authorized to wear modified Artillery insignia, crossed field guns with missile. The Branch Motto, "First To Fire", was adopted in 1986 by the attendees of the ADA Commanders' Conference at Fort Bliss. The motto refers to a speech given by General Jonathan Wainwright to veterans of the 200th Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft) stating they were the 'First to Fire' in World War II against the Empire of Japan.Andersen Air Force Base
Andersen Air Force Base (Andersen AFB, AAFB) (IATA: UAM, ICAO: PGUA, FAA LID: UAM) is a United States Air Force base located approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast of Yigo near Agafo Gumas in the United States territory of Guam. Along with Naval Base Guam, Andersen AFB was placed under the command of Joint Region Marianas on 1 October 2009. The two bases are about 30 miles apart at opposite ends of the island. Administration offices for Joint Region Marianas are about half-way in between, at Nimitz Hill.The host unit at Andersen AFB is the 36th Wing (36 WG), assigned to the Pacific Air Forces Eleventh Air Force. A non-flying wing, the 36 WG's mission is to provide support to deployed air and space forces of USAF and foreign air forces to Andersen, and to support tenant units assigned to the base.
Andersen AFB was established in 1944 as North Field and is named for Brigadier General James Roy Andersen (1904–1945). The 36th Wing Commander is Brig. Gen. Gentry W. Boswell. The Vice Wing Commander is Colonel Matthew J. Nicholson and the Command Chief Master Sergeant is Chief Master Sergeant Gary R. Szekely.The most important U.S. air base west of Hawaii, Andersen is the only one in the Western Pacific that can permanently base U.S. heavy strategic bombers (one of the four Air Force Bomber Forward Operating Locations), including B-1B, B-2, and B-52 bombers. It is one of two critical US bases in the Asia Pacific region, along with Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean.Fort Sill
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Paskhas (Indonesian: Korps Pasukan Khas) is the air force infantry and special forces corps of the Indonesian Air Force ("TNI-AU"). The corps is also known as the Orange Berets (Baret Jingga in Indonesian) from the colour of their service headgear. Paskhas is trained to seize and defend airfields from enemy forces known as Operasi Pembentukan dan Pengoperasian Pangkalan Udara Depan (OP 3 UD) (Frontline Air Base Establishment and Management Operation), airborne operations, and other specific military operations within the scope of the Indonesian Air Force.
Paskhas is tasked with carrying out the objectives and defense of the strategic objects of the Air Force, air defense, special operations and other typical military operations under the policy of the TNI chief Commander. Paskhas has many air-oriented combat abilities, such as combat-control team, airfield control and defense, combat search and rescue, jumpmaster, airborne, ground-forward air control and high-altitude military parachuting. They also can operate as Air Traffic Controllers (ATC) in certain situations.
Paskhas has a special unit tasked for conducting special operations such as responding to aircraft hijackings and other specific missions tasked to the corps, the unit is known as the Bravo Detachment 90 (Satbravo 90).Robert E. Hall
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Task Force 1-41 Infantry was a U.S. Army heavy battalion task force which took part in the Gulf War of January – March 1991. Task Force 1-41 Infantry was the first coalition force to breach the Saudi Arabian border on 15 February 1991 and conduct ground combat operations in Iraq engaging in direct and indirect fire fights with the enemy on 17 February 1991. It was the spearhead of VII Corps. It consisted primarily of the 1st Battalion, 41st Infantry Regiment, 3rd Battalion, 66th Armor Regiment, and the 4th Battalion, 3rd Field Artillery Regiment all being part of the 2nd Armored Division (Forward), based at Lucius D. Clay Kaserne, 24 kilometres (15 mi) north of Bremen, in the Federal Republic of Germany. Task Force 1-41 was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James L. Hillman.U.S. Army Regimental System
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Artillery formations of the United States
|Air Defense Artillery|