39th Infantry Regiment (United States)

For other units called 39th Infantry, see 39th Division (disambiguation)
For the regiment active during the War of 1812, see 39th Infantry Regiment (War of 1812)
39th Infantry Regiment
39 inf regt coa
Coat of arms
Active1917-present
Country United States
Branch United States Army
TypeInfantry
Nickname(s)"Fighting Falcons" (World War I), "AAA-O (Anything, Anytime, Anywhere, Bar Nothing)" (special designation)[1]
Motto(s)D'une Vaillance Admirable (With A Military Courage Worthy of Admiration)
EngagementsWorld War I
World War II
Vietnam War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
James K. Parsons
Troy H. Middleton
Harry A. "Paddy" Flint
Insignia
Identification
symbol
39 Inf Rgt DUI
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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38th Infantry Regiment 40th Infantry Regiment

The 39th Infantry Regiment is a parent regiment in the United States Army. Originally organized for service in World War I, the 39th fought in most of the conflicts involving the United States during the 20th century, and since 1990 the 2nd Battalion has served as a training unit stationed at Fort Jackson, South Carolina. The 3rd Battalion was started on 21 October 2015 and a 4th Battalion was added in July 2017.

Other units called "39th Infantry Regiment"

There was a 39th United States Infantry raised in Tennessee for service in the War of 1812. In 1815, after that war ended, the 39th was consolidated with the 8th and 24th Regiments to form the 7th Infantry Regiment.[2]

In the 1866 reorganization of the Regular Army after the American Civil War, Congress authorized a 39th Infantry Regiment, one of four so-called "Colored Troops" regiments with African-American enlisted men and white officers. The Army was reduced in size in 1869, and the 39th and 40th were consolidated into the 25th Infantry Regiment.

History

The 39th Infantry Regiment was organized at Camp Syracuse, New York on 1 June 1917 by transfer of veteran troops from the 30th Infantry Regiment.

World War I

In December, the 39th was assigned to the 4th Infantry Division and in the spring of 1918, sailed for France as part of the American Expeditionary Force in World War I. Its service in this war earned the regiment its nickname "Fighting Falcons".

Between wars

During the lull between wars, the regimental crest was designed and approved. The shield is blue for infantry. The fleur-de-lis is from the coat of arms of Soissons, a town in France recaptured by the 39th Regiment in 1918. The two trees represent the Groves of Cresnes, the site of the regiment's first military success in France during World War I. The boar's head on the canton is taken from the crest of the 30th Infantry Regiment and indicates the 39th was organized with personnel from the 30th Infantry Regiment. The crest is a falcon's head, for Mount Faucon in Meuse-Argonne. The falcon holds an ivy leaf in its bill, in recognition of the shoulder sleeve insignia of the 4th Infantry Division to which the regiment was assigned during World War I. The motto "D'une Vaillance Admirable" is a quotation from the French citation which awarded the Croix De Guerre with Gilt Star to the regiment for its distinguished service in World War I. The motto best translates - "With a Military Courage Worthy of Admiration".

US9THDIV
Shoulder sleeve insignia of the 9th Infantry Division

World War II

During World War II the regiment fought as part of the 9th Infantry Division. The Fighting Falcons of the 39th became the first unit of United States combat troops to set foot on foreign soil when they stormed the beaches of Algiers in November 1942. During fighting in Sicily, Italy, the regiment came under the command of Colonel Harry A. "Paddy" Flint who gave the regiment its triple A- Bar Nothing slogan: Anything, Anywhere, Anytime - Bar Nothing. The regiment took great pride in the AAA-O slogan, displaying it on their helmets and vehicles, even in combat. When questioned about the soundness of the practice, Colonel Flint said, "The enemy who sees our regiment in combat, if they live through the battle, will know to run the next time they see us coming." General George Patton said of Colonel Flint: "Paddy Flint is clearly nuts, but he fights well."[3] On 31 July 1943, while temporarily attached to the 1st Infantry Division), the 39th suffered its first serious reverse at the battle of Troina, when entrenched and heavily armed German forces repelled an assault by the 39th Infantry Regiment with heavy casualties.

Later in the war, the 39th landed at Utah Beach on 10 June 1944 (D+4) with other reinforcing units and then fought through the rugged French countryside. Colonel Flint was killed six weeks after the regiment entered combat. The regiment joined the 47th Infantry Regiment in capturing Roetgen, the first German town to fall in World War II. The 39th fought through the Battle of the Bulge, helped secure the Remagen bridgehead and moved across Germany as the allied forces finished off the last of the German resistance. In the war the 39th Regiment received campaign streamers from battles in Algeria, Tunisia, Sicily, Normandy, Northern France, The Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, and Central Europe. It was cited twice by the Belgians for valorous actions and awarded the Belgian Fourragère. It also received two French Croix de Guerre with Palm, the French Fourragère, and three Presidential Unit Citations.

AAA-O bar worn on the uniform of PFC John R. Hedlund during WW II
AAA-O bar worn on the uniform of PFC John R. Hedlund during WW II

Vietnam

After a series of inactivations and activations spanning a 20-year period, the 2nd Battalion, 39th Infantry Regiment was reactivated on 1 February 1966 as part of the 9th Infantry Division at Fort Riley, Kansas. The 39th deployed in 1966 with the 9th Infantry Division to the Republic of Vietnam. The regiment participated in operation Palm Tree, the 1968 Tet Offensive, and the battle of the Plain of Reeds. When the 2nd Battalion returned to Hawaii and deactivated in September, 1969, its battle streamers now included Counteroffensive Phase II, Counteroffensive Phase III, TET Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase IV, Counteroffensive Phase V, Counteroffensive Phase VI, TET 69 Counteroffensive, and Summer-Fall 1969. The battalion had also received three Republic of Vietnam Crosses of Gallantry with Palm, the Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Medal, First Class, two Valorous Unit Awards and its fourth Presidential Unit Citation.

Post-Vietnam

When the 9th Infantry Division was again reconstituted around 1972, this time at Fort Lewis, Washington, it was established again with the 2nd and the 3rd Battalions 39th Infantry (the 1st Battalion was serving with the 8th Infantry Division in Baumholder, Germany.) It remained a part of the active Army in the 9th Division until the "Old Reliables" were again deactivated around 1991.

Following reactivation and transfer to the Training and Doctrine Command, the 2d and 4th Battalions - IET, BCT -, 39th Infantry Regiment departed Fort Dix, New Jersey for Fort Jackson, South Carolina, arriving on 22 August 1990. 4th Battalion 39th Infantry was reactivated in October 2017 at Fort Jackson.[4] The battalions conduct Basic Combat Training, and are part of the 165th Infantry Brigade at Fort Jackson, organized with a headquarters company and six line (training) companies, designated A through E.

Awards and recognitions

Unit citations

For its part in World Wars I, II and the Vietnam War, the 39th Infantry Regiment possesses 21 battle streamers. Its decorations include four Presidential Unit Citations, four French Croix de Guerre (two with Palm and one with Gilt Star), and the Belgian Fourageré.

  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered, Contentin Peninsula (1st Battalion)
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered, Cherence Le Roussel (1st Battalion)
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered, Le Desert (2d Battalion)
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered, Ding Tuong Province (2d Battalion)
  • Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered, Ben Tre City, (2d and 3d Battalions {less Companies A, D and E})
  • Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered, Saigon (3d and 4th Battalions)
  • French Croix de Guerre with Gold Star, World War I, Streamer embroidered, Aisne-Marne
  • Belgian Fourragere, 1940
  • Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action on the Meuse River
  • Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in the Ardennes

Medals of Honor

Four soldiers received the U.S. Medal of Honor while serving with the 39th Infantry.

Campaign streamers

World War I
  • Aisne-Marne
  • St. Mihiel
  • Meuse-Argonne
  • Champagne 1918
  • Lorraine 1918
World War II
Vietnam
  • Counteroffensive, Phase II
  • Counteroffensive, Phase III
  • Tet Counteroffensive
  • Counteroffensive, Phase IV
  • Counteroffensive, Phase V
  • Counteroffensive, Phase VI
  • Tet 69/Counteroffensive
  • Summer-Fall 1969

Notes

  1. ^ "Special Unit Designations". United States Army Center of Military History. 21 April 2010. Archived from the original on 9 June 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  2. ^ "Lineage And Honors Information, 7th Infantry (Cottonbalers)". United States Army Center of Military History. 2 June 1997. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
  3. ^ Blumenson, Martin (1996). The Patton Papers: 1940-1945. Da Capo Press. p. 482. ISBN 0-306-80717-3.
  4. ^ "'Hardcore Battalion' activates at Fort Jackson". www.army.mil. Retrieved 2017-11-09.

External links

39th Infantry Regiment (War of 1812)

For the current 39th Infantry Regiment, see 39th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 39th United States Infantry was a regiment of the regular Army. It was authorized on January 29, 1813, and recruited in East by Col. Williams Tennessee. It was commanded by Colonel John Williams, who had previously led the Mounted Volunteers of East Tennessee. On December 31, 1813 Major-General Thomas Pinckney ordered the regiment to join Andrew Jackson's force countermanding orders that had been sent from General Flournoy at New Orleans who wanted them there, thus providing a disciplined core and strategic resupply for his command which was down to about 75 men eating roots and acorns. The historian Henry Adams speculated that, without this regiment, Jackson would have fared no better in 1814 than he had the previous year.Jackson welcomed the 39th. Since the beginning of his campaign in the Creek War, Jackson was troubled by serious discipline problems with his militia and volunteers, particularly the militia from East Tennessee. So he prosecuted a Private John Woods, only 18 under false charges. Woods had spent his last month in the camp of the 39th. The night before his execution the officers of the 39th signed and sent Jackson a petition asking for mercy. He not only failed to grant it, he made the 39th shoot him. He told his quartermaster that "I am truly happy in having the Colonel with me. His regiment will give strength to my arm and quell mutiny". The 39th was never happy with Jackson after that and Col. Williams never returned to lead the unit. Williams said in a campaign pamphlet in 1828 that Woods cried "bitterly and loudly"; the Jackson camp claimed he was belligerent and deserved to die.At the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, Jackson placed the regiment, (because they were the best-trained soldiers he had) in the center of his assault force. Consequently, the 39th suffered significant casualties — 20 killed and 52 wounded, and those figures are disputed. Col. Williams reported to Sec. of War Armstrong that "one half of the officers and one sixth of the troops of the 39th engaged in the battle of Tohopeka are among the killed and wounded. The officers remaining with the regiment fit for duty are insufficient for ordinary camp duty." It is said that the Creek nation lost more casualties that day than any other one day in the history of the entire Indian Wars. They gave up over a million acres of what was described as the "best land for settlement" that was left east of the Mississippi River.

39th Regiment

39th Regiment may refer to:

Infantry regiments

2/39 Evzone Regiment, Greece

The Garhwal Rifles (39th Garhwal Rifles), a unit of both the British Indian Army, and the present Indian Army

39th (Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot, a unit of the British Army

39th Infantry Regiment (United States), a unit of the United States ArmyCavalry regiments

Central India Horse (21st King George V's Own Horse) (39th Regiment Central India Horse), a unit of the British Indian ArmyEngineering regiments

39 Engineer Regiment (United Kingdom), a unit of the British Army's Royal EngineersArtillery regiments

39th Regiment Royal Artillery, a unit of the United Kingdom ArmyAmerican Civil War units

39th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, a unit of the Union (Northern) Army

39th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment, a unit of the Union (Northern) Army

39th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, a unit of the Union (Northern) Army

39th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, a unit of the Union (Northern) Army

39th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment, a unit of the Union (Northern) Army

39th United States Infantry, a unit of the Union (Northern) Army

Croix de Guerre 1914–1918 (France)

The Croix de guerre 1914–1918 (English: War Cross) is a French military decoration, the first version of the Croix de guerre. It was created to recognize French and allied soldiers who were cited for valorous service during World War I, similar to the British mentioned in dispatches but with multiple degrees equivalent to other nations' decorations for courage.

Soon after the outbreak of World War I, French military officials felt that a new military award had to be created. At that time, the Citation du jour ("Daily Citation") already existed to acknowledge soldiers, but it was just a sheet of paper. Only the Médaille Militaire and Legion of Honour were bestowed for courage in the field, due to the numbers now involved, a new decoration was required in earnest. At the end of 1914, General Boëlle, Commandant in Chief of the French 4th Army Corps, tried to convince the French administration to create a formal military award. Maurice Barrès, the noted writer and parliamentarian for Paris, gave Boëlle support in his efforts.On 23 December 1914, the French parliamentarian Georges Bonnefous proposed a legislative bill to create the Croix de la Valeur Militaire ("Cross of Military Valour") signed by 66 other parliamentarians. Émile Driant, a parliamentarian who served in the war zone during much of this time, became its natural spokesman when he returned to the legislature. On 18 January 1915, Driant submitted this bill but the name of the military award was renamed to Croix de guerre ("War Cross"). After parliamentary discussions, the bill was adopted on 2 April 1915.World War I began in 1914 and ended in 1918, so the final name adopted is "Croix de guerre 1914–1918".

U.S. Army Regimental System

The United States Army Regimental System (USARS) was established in 1981 to replace the Combat Arms Regimental System, to provide each soldier with continuous identification with a single regiment, and to increase a soldier's probability of serving recurring assignments with his or her regiment. The USARS was intended to enhance combat effectiveness by providing the opportunity for a regimental affiliation, thus obtaining some of the benefits of the traditional regimental system.

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