398th Air Expeditionary Group

The 398th Air Expeditionary Group is a provisional United States Air Force unit assigned to the United States Air Forces in Europe. The 398 AEG may be activated or inactivated at any time.

During World War II, its predecessor unit, the 398th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was an Eighth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortress unit in England, stationed at RAF Nuthampstead. The group flew 195 combat missions, the last being on 25 April 1945.

398bg-emblem

History

World War II

398thbombgroup-b-17-1945
601st Bombardment Squadron B-17G[note 1]

The group was constituted as the 398th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 15 February 1943, and equipped with the B-17 Flying Fortress. It was activated 1 March 1943 at Ephrata Army Air Base, Wash., with the 600th, 601st, 602d, and 603d Bombardment Squadrons. The Group assembled at Blythe Army Airfield, California, and then moved to Geiger Field, Washington, on 20 April 1943 to complete training. On 20 June 1943 moved to Rapid City Army Air Base, South Dakota, to take up Replacement Training Unit duties. Trained 326 B-17 crews from August to December 1943 but at the beginning of the New Year reverted to training for combat. Ground echelon began movement overseas on 4 April 1944. The unit moved to Camp Myles Standish, Massachusetts, on 7–12 April 1944. Personnel embarked on USS Wakefield. Sailed to Boston on 13 April, and arrived in Liverpool on 21 April 1944.

Moved to England in April 1944 and assigned to Eighth AF. The 398th BG entered combat in May 1944, and until V-E Day operated primarily against strategic objectives in Germany, attacking targets such as factories in Berlin, warehouses in Munich, marshalling yards in Saarbrücken, shipping facilities in Kiel, oil refineries in Merseburg, and aircraft plants in Münster.

The group temporarily suspended strategic missions to attack coastal defenses and enemy troops on the Cotentin Peninsula during the Invasion of Normandy in June 1944. The group struck gun positions near Eindhoven in support of the air attack on Holland in September 1944, and raided power stations, railroads, and bridges during the Battle of the Bulge, December 1944 – January 1945. The group flew missions attacking airfields to aid the Allied assault across the Rhine in March 1945.

The 398th flew its last combat mission, attacking an airfield in Pilsen, Czechoslovakia, on 25 April 1945. After V-E Day the group transported liberated prisoners from Germany to France.

From Nuthampstead, the 398th Bomb Group flew 195 combat missions. Redeployed USA in May/June 1945. The aircraft left on 21–27 May 1945. The Ground unit went to Greenock on 22 June 1945 and sailed on Queen Elizabeth arriving in New York on 29 June 1945. After 30 days R & R some personnel assembled at Drew Field, Florida, where the Group was inactivated on 1 September 1945.

Post Cold War

AV-8B Harrier taking off in Sierra Leone - May 2006 (Defense Visual Information Center, USMC, USDoD)
AV-8B of the 398th Air Expeditionary Group taking off in Sierra Leone as part of Joint Task Force Liberia, 14 August 2003.

The 398th BG was redesignated as the 398th Operations Group and activated 1 June 1992. Reactivated in 1992 as 398th Operations Group. Assigned first to 340th Air Refueling Wing, later to 97th Air Mobility Wing as a KC-135 air refueling group. From 1 June 1992 – 31 March 1995 the 93d Air Refueling Squadron was part of the group. The 398th OG was inactivated on 31 March 1995.

During Operation Iraqi Freedom the title 398th Air Expeditionary Group was given to a collection of units and personnel operating from Naval Support Activity Souda Bay, Greece. Colonel Marcelyn A. Atwood commanded the group.[3]

Later in 2003, the unit participated in Operation Shining Express in Liberia, a rescue operation directed by United States European Command to evacuate civilians from parts of Liberia affected by the Second Liberian Civil War. Among the groups contributions was delivering a United States Marine Corps security forces team.

Lineage

  • Constituted as the 398th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 15 February 1943[4]
Activated on 1 March 1943
Redesignated 398th Bombardment Group, Heavy c. 20 August 1943
Inactivated on 1 September 1945[4]
  • Redesignated 398th Operations Group in 1992
Activated on 1 June 1992
Inactivated on 31 March 1995
  • Redesignated 398th Expeditionary Air Refueling Group and converted to provisional status on 5 February 2001
  • Redesignated 398th Air Expeditionary Group on 18 March 2003
Activated in c. 13 July 2003
Inactivated on 8 October 2003
Activated in 2004
Inactivated on 17 June 2004
Activated on 25 March 2006
Inactivated on 8 April 2006
Activated on 14 March 2008
Inactivated on 30 April 2008

Air Expeditionary Service with Joint Task Force Liberia 2003; 2008. During this period the group flew the HH-60 helicopter, and Marine units attached to the group in 2003 operated the AV-8B Harrier.

Assignments

Combined Air Forces North Fact Sheet April 2003
Headquarters, Combined Air Forces-North and Headquarters, 16th Air and Space Expeditionary Task Force fact sheet, dated April 16, 2003
16th Air and Space Expeditionary Task Force, circa 16 April 2003
3d Expeditionary Air and Space Task Force, c. 13 July - 8 October 2003
Attached to Third Air Force, 2004 - 17 June 2004
Attached to Air Command Europe, 25 March - 8 April 2006
323d Air Expeditionary Wing, 14 March - 30 April 2008

Components

Stations

References

Notes

  1. ^ Aircraft is Lockheed/Vega B-17G-80-VE Flying Fortress serial 44-8771. This B-17 was assigned to the 398th BG on 2 March 1945. It flew 6 combat missions before being flown back to the United States on 23 May.

Citations

  1. ^ a b Watkins pp. 84-85
  2. ^ See Maurer, Combat Units, p. 284 (no approved emblem)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 10 February 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons' , p. 284
  5. ^ Wilson
  6. ^ Station number in Anderson
  7. ^ World War II stations in Maurer, Combat Units, p. 284

Bibliography

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links

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398th

398th may refer to:

398th Air Expeditionary Group, provisional United States Air Force unit assigned to the United States Air Forces in Europe

398th Bombardment Squadron, inactive United States Air Force unit last assigned with the 92d Operations Group at Fairchild Air Force Base, Washington

398th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, inactive United States Air Force unit, last assigned to the Air Defense Command stationed at Hamilton AFB, California

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The squadron was first activated as the 712th Bombardment Squadron during World War II. After training in the United States, it deployed to the European Theater of Operations, and served in the strategic bombing campaign against Germany with the 448th Bombardment Group. After V-E Day, the squadron returned to the United States, where it converted to the Boeing B-29 Superfortress. It was inactivated in August 1946 and replaced by another unit. It was active in the reserve from 1947 until 1951, when it was mobilized for the Korean War and inactivated after its personnel were used to man other units.

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