38th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron

The 38th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron is an inactive unit of the United States Air Force. Its last assignment was with the 26th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, stationed at Zweibrücken Air Base, Germany.

It was inactivated on 31 July 1991.

38th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron
38thtacreconsquadron-patch
Emblem of the 38th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron
Active1944-1991
CountryUnited States
BranchUnited States Air Force
38th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron - Republic RF-84F-25-RE Thunderflash - 51-17011
38th TRS RF-84F-25-RE Thunderflash - 51-17011 in 1955
38th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron - McDonnell RF-101C-55-MC Voodoo - 56-214
38th TRS McDonnell RF-101C-55-MC Voodoo - 56-214 in 1960
38th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron - McDonnell Douglas RF-4C-41-MC Phantom - 69-0350
38th TRS McDonnell Douglas RF-4C-41-MC Phantom - 69-0350 in 1975

History

World War II

Established in 1944 as a photo-reconnaissance squadron, the unit trained under the Third Air Force in Oklahoma. It deployed to the Pacific Theater of Operations (PTO), and was assigned to the Thirteenth Air Force in the Central Pacific Area. Using unarmed fighter aircraft (P-38s, later P-51s) and B-25 Mitchell medium bombers fitted with aerial mapping cameras, the squadron performed numerous long distance mapping flights over enemy-held territory, primarily in the Netherlands East Indies and the Philippines. These flights were extremely hazardous, being flown without escort, they obtained intelligence about enemy fortifications, armored units, infantry concentrations and other tactical intelligence.
The squadron was inactivated in January 1946.

United States Air Forces in Europe

Reactivated in 1952 as a NATO tactical reconnaissance squadron, it was designated to be based in France as a result of the United States Cold War military buildup in Europe. The unit was activated as a redesignation of the Alabama Air National Guard 160th TRS, which was federalized and brought to active duty during the Korean War. It was issued with the RF-80A Shooting Star aircraft, and trained for daylight reconnaissance missions. The squadron, however, was stationed at Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base in West Germany due to the uncompleted facilities at Toul-Rosières Air Base. Weather conditions in Germany severely restricted the training operations of the assigned RF-80As. The squadron frequently deployed to Nouasseur Air Base, Morocco during the winter of 1952-53 where the photo conditions were far better.

The squadron moved to Spangdahlem Air Base, West Germany in May 1953 where all of the elements of the parent 10th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing were assembled at one base. It was re-equipped in 1955 with the RF-84F Thunderstreak, as the RF-80s were deemed to be no longer mission-capable against the Soviet MiG-15.

In January 1958, the squadron was moved to Phalsbourg-Bourscheid AB, France while the runway at Spangdahlem was under repair and renovation. In March 1958, it was reassigned to the 66th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, which was moving to Phalsbourg from Sembach AB also due to poor runway conditions. During May, the Thundersteaks were replaced by McDonnell RF-101C Voodoos, which were the fastest tactical reconnaissance aircraft ever flown by the USAF. The last reconnaissance Voodoos were withdrawn from ANG service in 1979.

Routine training operations were flown from Laon for over seven years. The 38th moved to Ramstein AFB, Germany in 1962 and remained there until it moved to Zweibrucken. In 1965 the squadron was again reassigned to the 26th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, which was being formed at Toul Air Base. On 7 March 1966, French President General Charles De Gaulle announced that France would withdraw from NATO's military structure but not leave the political organization. He gave NATO forces one year (until 1 April 1967) to depart France.

As a result, the 26 Tactical Reconnaissance Wing was relocated to Ramstein Air Base, West Germany and upgraded to the RF-4C Phantom II. The 38th operated from Ramstein until 1973, when in a NATO realignment, the 26th was reassigned to Zweibrücken Air Base. It remained at Zweibrücken until being inactivated in 1991 after the end of the Cold War, and the phasing-out of the RF-4C.

Lineage

  • Constituted as the 38th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron on 29 March 1944
Activated 1 May 1944
Inactivated on 15 January 1946
  • Redesignated the 38th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron (Photographic) on 25 June 1952
Activated on 10 July 1952 by the redesignation of the Alabama Air National Guard 160th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron
Redesignated the 38th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron on an undetermined date
Inactivated on 1 April 1991

Assignments

  • III Tactical Air Division, 1 May 1944
  • Thirteenth Air Force, 2 December 1944
Attached to 4th Photographic Group from 12 December 1944
  • 4th Photographic (later Reconnaissance) Group, 1 February 1945
  • Thirteenth Air Force, 5 December 1945 – 15 January 1946
  • 10th Tactical Reconnaissance Group, 10 July 1952
  • 10th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, 8 December 1957
Attached to the 66th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing from 8 January 1958
  • 66th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, 8 March 1958
  • 26th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, 1 January 1966 – 1 April 1991

Stations

  • Spangdahlem Air Base, West Germany, 4 May 1953
  • Phalsbourg-Bourscheid Air Base, France, 31 July 1957
  • Toul-Rosières Air Base, France, 17 October 1960
  • Ramstein Air Base, West Germany, 1 October 1966
  • Zweibrücken Air Base, West Germany, 31 January 1973 - 31 July 1991

Aircraft

  • B-25 Mitchell, 1944
  • P-38/F-5 Lightning, 1944, 1945
  • RF-80 Shooting Star, 1952–1956
  • RF-84F Thunderflash, 1955–1958
  • RF-101 Voodoo, 1958—1965
  • RF-4C Phantom II, 1965–1991

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
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The Wing provides all base-level support activities to the Academy. These activities include security, civil engineer, communications, logistics, military and civilian personnel, financial management, services, command post, chaplaincy, equal opportunity and the hospital, all of which support nearly 4,000 cadets and a total military community of approximately 20,000 personnel.The Wing's history dates to a celebrated World War II photographic reconnaissance group. The 10th Tactical Fighter Wing was stationed in France, West Germany, and England for over 40 years during the Cold War. During its USAFE service, the wing received seven Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards and deployed personnel and equipment to King Fahd International Airport, Saudi Arabia and fought during Operation Desert Storm in 1991.

10th Tactical Reconnaissance Group

The 10th Tactical Reconnaissance Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was to the 10th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, stationed at Spangdahlem Air Base, West Germany. It was inactivated on 8 December 1957.

26th Information Operations Wing

The 26th Information Operations Wing is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with United States Air Forces in Europe at Ramstein Air Base, Germany, where it was inactivated on 5 July 2006.

The wing was first established during World War II as the 5th Photographic Group with Twelfth and Fifteenth Air Forces in the Mediterranean Theatre of Operations.

The 26th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing operated under the direction of Strategic Air Command from 1952 until 1958. The two units were consolidated in 1965 as the 26th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing and served for the next twenty-six years with United States Air Forces Europe. The wing was inactivated on 31 July 1991.

The wing was activated again as the 26th Intelligence Wing in late 1991.

38 Squadron

38 Squadron or 38th Squadron may refer to:

No. 38 Squadron RAAF, a unit of the Royal Australian Air Force

No. 38 Squadron RAF, a unit of the United Kingdom Royal Air Force

38th Bombardment Squadron, a unit of the United States Air Force

38th Rescue Squadron, a unit of the United States Air Force

38th Reconnaissance Squadron, a unit of the United States Air Force

38th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, a unit of the United States Air Force

38th Troop Carrier Squadron, a unit of the United States Air Force

Marine Wing Communications Squadron 38, a unit of the United States Marine Corps

Marine Tactical Air Command Squadron 38, a unit of the United States Marine Corps

38th Reconnaissance Squadron (disambiguation)

The 38th Reconnaissance Squadron is an active United States Air Force Unit, originally constituted as the 38th Pursuit Squadron in November 1940. It was designated the 38th Reconnaissance Squadron, Very Long Range (Mapping) from March 1947 to July 1949. It has held its present designation since September 1991.

38th Reconnaissance Squadron may also refer to:

The 427th Reconnaissance Squadron, designated the 38th Reconnaissance Squadron from September 1936 to December 1939, 38th Reconnaissance Squadron (Long Range) from December 1939 to November 1940 and 38th Reconnaissance Squadron (Heavy) from November 1940 to April 1942.

The 38th Reconnaissance Squadron (Bombardment), active from April 1943 to September 1943, but apparently never fully manned or equipped.-

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The 66th Air Base Wing is an inactive United States Air Force it was last active in September 2010 at Hanscom Air Force Base, Massachusetts, where it had served as the host organization since 1994. It was replaced at Hanscom by the smaller 66th Air Base Group.

The wing was first activated in January 1953 at Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina as the 66th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, replacing an Air National Guard wing that had been called into federal service for the Korean War. After re-equipping and completing training, the wing moved to Europe, where it provided tactical reconnaissance coverage for United States Air Forces Europe and NATO from bases in Germany, France and the United Kingdom until inactivating in 1970.

The wing was reactivated in 1985 as the 66th Electronic Combat Wing. During Operation Desert Storm it deployed forces to Southwest Asia that conducted combat electronic warfare missions. In addition to its flying mission, the wing supported a number of geographically separated units in Europe. It was inactivated in 1992 when one of its squadrons was reassigned and the other inactivated. Its support mission was transferred to another wing.

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The wing's primary mission is to conduct airlift, airdrop and aeromedical evacuation operations flying the C-21A, C-20H, C-37A, C-40B and C-130J aircraft. The 86th Airlift Wing commander also serves as the Kaiserslautern Military Community (KMC) commander, leading the largest American community outside the United States.

Originally the 86th Fighter Wing was established and activated on 1 July 1948 at Neubiberg AB, Germany.

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List of McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II U.S. operators

American units that operated the F-4 Phantom II are listed below.

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Neubiberg Air Base is a former German Air Force and United States Air Force airfield which was closed in 1991. It is located 9 km south of the city of Munich, Germany.

Today the former base area holds the campus of Bundeswehr University of Munich. There is also student housing in the area. The runways are used as a recreation area and for scientific testing of vehicles. Some houses have already been built and there are plans to add parks and housing where the ground is still covered by asphalt. The runway crosses over the Munich-Salzbug autobahn.

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Ramstein Air Base is a United States Air Force base in Rhineland-Palatinate, a state in southwestern Germany. It serves as headquarters for the United States Air Forces in Europe – Air Forces Africa (USAFE-AFAFRICA) and also for NATO Allied Air Command (AIRCOM). Ramstein is located near the town of Ramstein-Miesenbach, in the rural district of Kaiserslautern.

The east gate of Ramstein Air Base is about 16 kilometers (9.9 mi) from Kaiserslautern (locally referred to by Americans as "K-Town"). Other nearby civilian communities include Ramstein-Miesenbach, just outside the base's west gate, and Landstuhl, about 3 miles (4.8 km) from the west gate.

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Seventeenth Expeditionary Air Force (17 EAF) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force located at Ramstein Air Base, Germany. The command served the United States Air Forces in Europe during (1953–1996) and United States Air Forces Africa during 2008-2012. Upon reactivation on 1 October 2008, it became the air and space component of United States Africa Command. In this capacity, Seventeenth Air Force was referred to as U.S. Air Forces Africa (AFAFRICA). 17 AF was reformed in April 2012 to become the 17th Expeditionary Air Force, sharing a commander and headquarters with the Third Air Force.Seventeenth Air Force housed the traditional A-staff and special staff functions which are responsible for developing strategy and plans to execute air and space operations in support of U.S. Africa Command objectives. In addition, 17 AF housed the "tailored" 617th Air and Space Operations Center (AOC) which provided command and control capabilities for the planning and execution of aerial missions on the African continent. Seventeenth Air Force also had a collaborative relationship with the 110th Air Operations Group, Michigan Air National Guard.

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At the end of the Cold War elements of the United States Air Force in Europe consisted of the following units, which in case of war with the Warsaw Pact would have been assigned to NATO.

This article list all United States Air Force units based in Europe on 30 June 1989 and, where required, lists changes that occurred during 1989. The primary source for this listing of units is O.W. Dragoner's United States Air Force 1989, with additions and amendments from the official fact sheets of the Air Force Historical Research Agency. Where the two sources disagree, AFHRA data has been used.

Zweibrücken

Zweibrücken (German pronunciation: [ˈt͡svaɪˌbʁʏkn̩], French: Deux-Ponts [døpɔ̃], Palatinate German: Zweebrigge [ˈd͡sʋeːbʁɪgə]) is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, on the Schwarzbach river.

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Zweibrücken Air Base was a NATO military air base in West Germany (ICAO: EDAM). It was located 35 miles SSW of Kaiserslautern and 2 miles mi SE of Zweibrücken. It was assigned to the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) and the United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) during its operational lifetime.

The military facility was closed in 1991 after the Cold War ended, the site now serving as the civilian Zweibrücken Airport.

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