The ceremony was broadcast on the ABC network and was the first to be broadcast live in color.
The two most nominated films were The Sound of Music and Doctor Zhivago, each with ten nominations and five wins. The winner of Best Picture was 20th Century Fox's and Robert Wise's The Sound of Music, adapted from the Rodgers and Hammerstein's Broadway musical. Both movies are in the top 10 inflation-adjusted commercially successful films ever made, and both would appear 33 years later on the American Film Institute list of the greatest American films of the twentieth century.
The Sound of Music was the first Best Picture winner without a screenwriting nomination since Hamlet; it would be the last until Titanic at the 70th Academy Awards. Othello became the third film (of four to date) to receive four acting nominations without one for Best Picture.
|38th Academy Awards|
|Date||April 18, 1966|
|Site||Santa Monica Civic Auditorium in Santa Monica, California|
|Hosted by||Bob Hope|
|Produced by||Joe Pasternak|
|Directed by||Richard Dunlap|
|Best Picture||The Sound of Music|
|Most awards||Doctor Zhivago and The Sound of Music (5)|
|Most nominations||Doctor Zhivago and The Sound of Music (10)|
|TV in the United States|
Winners are listed first and highlighted with boldface
|Best Picture||Best Director|
|Best Actor||Best Actress|
|Best Supporting Actor||Best Supporting Actress|
|Best Story and Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen||Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium|
|Best Foreign Language Film||Best Song|
|Best Documentary Feature||Best Documentary Short Subject|
|Best Short Subject, Live Action||Best Short Subject, Cartoons|
|Best Music Score - Substantially Original||Best Scoring of Music - Adaptation or Treatment|
|Best Sound Effects||Best Sound|
|Best Art Direction, Black-and-White||Best Art Direction, Color|
|Best Cinematography, Black-and-White||Best Cinematography, Color|
|Best Costume Design, Black-and-White||Best Costume Design, Color|
|Best Film Editing||Best Special Visual Effects|
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers.
|Hank Simms||Announcer for the 38th Academy Awards|
|Arthur Freed (AMPAS President)||Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony|
|Presenters of the award for Best Sound|
|Dorothy Malone||Presenter of the award for Best Special Visual Effects|
|Lila Kedrova||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Yvette Mimieux||Presenter of the award for Best Sound Effects|
|Lana Turner||Presenter of the Costume Design Awards|
|Presenters of the Documentary Awards|
|Presenters of the Short Subjects Awards|
|Peter Ustinov||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Jason Robards||Presenter of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Presenters of the awards for Best Art Direction|
|Angie Dickinson||Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Edmond L. DePatie|
|Presenters of the awards for Best Cinematography|
|Presenters of the Music Awards|
|Gregory Peck||Presenter of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Natalie Wood||Presenter of the award for Best Song|
|Shirley MacLaine||Presenter of the award for Best Director|
|Presenters of the Writing Awards|
|Arthur Freed||Presenter of the Irving J. Thalberg Memorial Award to William Wyler|
|Julie Andrews||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Rex Harrison||Presenter of the award for Best Actress|
|Arthur Freed||Presenter of the Honorary Gold Medal to Bob Hope|
|Jack Lemmon||Presenter of the award for Best Picture|
|Johnny Green||Musical arranger and conductor||Orchestral|
|Academy Awards Chorus||Performers||“The Academy Awards Song (Mr. Oscar)” during the opening presentation|
|The Smothers Brothers||Performers||"The Ballad of Cat Ballou" from Cat Ballou|
|Performers||"I Will Wait for You" from The Umbrellas of Cherbourg|
|Barbara McNair||Performer||"The Shadow of Your Smile" from The Sandpiper|
|Robert Goulet||Performer||"The Sweetheart Tree" from The Great Race|
|Liza Minnelli||Performer||"What's New Pussycat?" from What's New Pussycat?|
Events in 1966 in animation.21st Academy Awards
The 21st Academy Awards features numerous firsts. It was the first time a non-Hollywood production won Best Picture, Hamlet and the first time an individual (Laurence Olivier) directed himself in an Oscar-winning performance.
It was the first Academy Awards ceremony to be giving awards for Best Costume Design.
John Huston directed two films in this awards year for which his actors won Oscars: his father, Walter Huston, in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre; and Claire Trevor for Key Largo. The Huston family won three Oscars that evening.
The ceremony was moved from the Shrine Auditorium to the Academy's own theater, primarily because the major Hollywood studios had withdrawn their financial support in order to address rumors that they had been trying to influence voters.Humphrey Bogart failed to receive a nomination for Best Actor in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, eventually considered one of the Academy’s greatest slights.Joan of Arc became the first film to receive as many as seven nominations without being nominated for Best Picture.
Hamlet became the fifth film to win Best Picture without a screenwriting nomination; the next to do so would be The Sound of Music at the 38th Academy Awards. Jane Wyman became the first performer since the silent era to win an Oscar for a performance with no lines; Johnny Belinda became the fourth film to receive nominations in all four acting categories.
I Remember Mama received four acting nominations but not one for Best Picture, tying the record set by My Man Godfrey in 1936. Two more films would also tie this record: Othello (1965) and Doubt (2008).Always Further On
Always Further On (Spanish: Tarahumara (Cada vez más lejos)) is a 1965 Mexican drama film directed by Luis Alcoriza. It won the FIPRESCI Prize at the 1965 Cannes Film Festival. The film was also selected as the Mexican entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 38th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.Bill Thomas (costume designer)
Bill Thomas (October 13, 1921 – May 30, 2000) was an American Academy Award-winning costume designer who had over 180 credits. He is perhaps best known for films like Babes in Toyland, Spartacus and The Happiest Millionaire. He was nominated 10 times.
In 2006 the Costume Designers Guild Awards put him in the Hall of Fame.Dear John (1964 film)
Dear John (Swedish: Käre John) is a 1964 Swedish film directed by Lars-Magnus Lindgren and starring Jarl Kulle and Christina Schollin. The motion picture is known especially for nude scenes unusual in the day, and for a natural performance of them that caused the film considerable notoriety in the United States. It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.Doctor Zhivago (film)
Doctor Zhivago is a 1965 British-Italian epic romantic drama film directed by David Lean. It is set in Russia between the years prior to World War I and the Russian Civil War of 1917–1922, and is based on the 1957 Boris Pasternak novel Doctor Zhivago. While immensely popular in the West, the book was banned in the Soviet Union for decades. For this reason, the film could not be made in the Soviet Union and was instead filmed mostly in Spain.
The film stars Omar Sharif in the title role as Yuri Zhivago, a married physician whose life is irreversibly altered by the Russian Revolution and subsequent Civil War, and Julie Christie as his married love interest Lara Antipova. The supporting cast includes Geraldine Chaplin, Rod Steiger, Alec Guinness, Tom Courtenay, Ralph Richardson, Siobhán McKenna and Rita Tushingham.
Contemporary critics were generally disappointed, complaining of its length at over three hours and claiming that it trivialized history, but acknowledging the intensity of the love story and the film's treatment of human themes. Over time, however, the film's reputation has improved greatly. At the 38th Academy Awards, Doctor Zhivago won five Oscars: Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Original Score, Best Cinematography, Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design; it was nominated for five others (including Best Picture and Best Director), but lost four of these five to The Sound of Music. It also won five awards at the 23rd Golden Globe Awards including Best Motion Picture - Drama and Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama for Sharif.
As of 2016, it is the eighth highest-grossing film of all time in the United States and Canada, adjusted for ticket-price inflation. In 1998, it was ranked by the American Film Institute 39th on their 100 Years... 100 Movies list, and by the British Film Institute the following year as the 27th greatest British film of all time.Edmond L. DePatie
Edmond L. DePatie (27 January 1900 – 6 August 1966) was an American film industry executive. He was vice president and general manager of Warner Bros. Burbank studio, and on April 18, 1966 at the 38th Academy Awards, DePatie was honored with the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award, just four months before his death.
He succeeded Jean Hersholt as president of the Motion Picture Relief Fund in 1955, later launching a campaign for the establishment of a Motion Picture Exposition and Hall of Fame to honor filmmaking and to bring in revenue for the Motion Picture & Television Fund Country House. These plans were not successful, and despite the efforts of many over the years, a Hollywood Museum that benefits the Country House has not become a reality.He died of a heart attack while vacationing in Chowchilla, California on 6 August 1966, aged 66.I Will Wait for You
"I Will Wait for You" is the English version of "Je ne pourrai jamais vivre sans toi", a song from the French musical The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (Les Parapluies de Cherbourg, 1964). Its music was composed by Michel Legrand and the original lyrics written by Jacques Demy. It was performed in the film by Catherine Deneuve, whose voice was dubbed by Danielle Licari. The English lyrics of the song were written by Norman Gimbel. This version was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Song at the 38th Academy Awards held in 1966.
The song has been covered by many vocalists including Eddie Fisher, Frank Sinatra, Astrud Gilberto, Violetta Villas, Trini Lopez, Bobby Darin, Nana Mouskouri (French, German, Spanish, Italian and Japanese), Cher, Andy Williams, Jason Kouchak, Petula Clark, Tony Bennett, Vikki Carr, Liza Minnelli, Connie Francis, Beverley Craven, the Walker Brothers, Maria Morlino, Lisa Lovbrand, and Matt Monro. Among jazz musicians who have recorded versions are Oscar Peterson, Gil Evans, Donald Byrd, Louis Armstrong, Kirsti Huke and Richard "Groove" Holmes.
Sergio Franchi covered this song on his 1967 RCA Victor recording From Sergio – With Love.
Pop instrumental recordings include those made by Roger Williams, and Herb Alpert & The Tijuana Brass. In 2000, Russian pop singer Vitas remade a fragment of this song at the very beginning of his song "Prelude" from his first album Philosophy of Miracle (2001).
The song (as sung by Connie Francis) was notably heard in the Futurama episode "Jurassic Bark".It (1966 film)
It (German: Es) is a 1966 West German film directed by Ulrich Schamoni and starring Sabine Sinjen and Bruno Dietrich.
It was chosen as West Germany's official submission to the 38th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film, but did not manage to receive a nomination. It was also entered into the 1966 Cannes Film Festival.La Tía Tula
La Tía Tula ( Aunt Tula) is a 1964 film Spanish film directed by Miguel Picazo. The film is based on the Miguel de Unamuno novella of the same title. Highly acclaimed, the film is widely considered a classic of Spanish cinema. The film was selected as the Spanish entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 38th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.List of submissions to the 38th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
The following 15 films, all from different countries, were submitted for the 38th Academy Awards in the category Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. The titles highlighted in blue and yellow were the five nominated films, which came from Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Japan and Sweden.
Hungary submitted a film to the competition for the first time.
On April 18, 1966, Czechoslovakia became the first Eastern Bloc country to win the Oscar, which it did for the Slovak-language The Shop on Main Street, a dark comedy-drama about the relationship between an elderly Jewish woman and a local village man during the Nazi pogroms in World War II-era Slovakia.Pajarito Gómez
Pajarito Gómez is a 1965 Argentine comedy film directed by Rodolfo Kuhn. It was entered into the 15th Berlin International Film Festival. It was also selected as the Argentine entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 38th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. The film is a satire of the promotional machine behind the Argentine pop stars of the 1960s.Pierrot le Fou
Pierrot le Fou (pronounced [pjɛʁo lə fu], French for "Pierrot the madman") is a 1965 French New Wave film directed by Jean-Luc Godard, starring Jean-Paul Belmondo and Anna Karina. The film is based on the 1962 novel Obsession by Lionel White. It was Godard's tenth feature film, released between Alphaville and Masculin, féminin. The film was the 15th highest-grossing film of the year with a total of 1,310,580 admissions in France. The film was selected as the French entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 38th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.São Paulo, Sociedade Anônima
São Paulo, Sociedade Anônima is a 1965 Brazilian drama film written and directed by Luis Sérgio Person. The film stars Walmor Chagas as Carlos, a middle class man from São Paulo during the development of the automotive industry in the late 1950s, and follows him as he has an existential crisis amidst the industrialization process. The film was selected as the Brazilian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 38th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.The Glass Cage (1965 film)
The Glass Cage (French: La cage de verre) is a 1965 Israeli-French drama film directed by Philippe Arthuys and Jean-Louis Levi-Alvarès. The film was selected as the Israeli entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 38th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. It was also entered into the 4th Moscow International Film Festival.The Impossible (1966 film)
The Impossible (Arabic: المستحيل, translit. El mustahil) is a 1966 Egyptian drama film directed by Hussein Kamal. The film was selected as the Egyptian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 38th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.The Movie Song Album
The Movie Song Album is a 1966 studio album by Tony Bennett. The album consists of songs from films, opening with the theme from The Oscar, in which Bennett had recently appeared. With this project of such high quality of song material and collaborators, he was to describe the album in his autobiography as his "all time favorite record". Johnny Mandel was the musical director, and he and Neal Hefti and Quincy Jones arranged and conducted their own compositions on the album. Luiz Bonfá played the guitar on his two songs, "Samba de Orfeu" and "The Gentle Rain". The pianists Tommy Flanagan, Jimmy Rowles and Lou Levy all collaborated, each on one song.
Bennett's recording of "The Shadow of Your Smile" won Mandel and Paul Francis Webster the Grammy Award for Song of the Year at the Grammy Awards of 1966, and Bennett performed the song at the 38th Academy Awards, where it won the Academy Award for Best Original Song.To Be Alive!
To Be Alive! is a 1964 American short documentary film co-directed by Francis Thompson and Alexander Hammid. The film is notable for its use of a multi-screen format and for winning the Oscar for Documentary Short Subject at the 38th Academy Awards.Twenty Hours
Twenty Hours (Hungarian: Húsz óra) is a 1965 Hungarian drama film directed by Zoltán Fábri. The film was selected as the Hungarian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 38th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. The film shared the Grand Prix with War and Peace and won the Prix FIPRESCI at the 4th Moscow International Film Festival.
|Awards of Merit|