Year 342 (CCCXLII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Constantius and Claudius (or, less frequently, year 1095 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 342 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Millennium: 1st millennium
342 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar342
Ab urbe condita1095
Assyrian calendar5092
Balinese saka calendar263–264
Bengali calendar−251
Berber calendar1292
Buddhist calendar886
Burmese calendar−296
Byzantine calendar5850–5851
Chinese calendar辛丑(Metal Ox)
3038 or 2978
    — to —
壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
3039 or 2979
Coptic calendar58–59
Discordian calendar1508
Ethiopian calendar334–335
Hebrew calendar4102–4103
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat398–399
 - Shaka Samvat263–264
 - Kali Yuga3442–3443
Holocene calendar10342
Iranian calendar280 BP – 279 BP
Islamic calendar289 BH – 288 BH
Javanese calendar223–224
Julian calendar342
Korean calendar2675
Minguo calendar1570 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1126
Seleucid era653/654 AG
Thai solar calendar884–885
Tibetan calendar阴金牛年
(female Iron-Ox)
468 or 87 or −685
    — to —
(male Water-Tiger)
469 or 88 or −684


By place

Roman Empire

  • The Western Roman Emperor [Constans] campaigns in [Roman Britain|Britain] against the Picts.
  • Constans campaigns victoriously against the Franks.
  • The [Roman Senate|senate] abolishes [gay marriage].
  • A large earthquake strikes [Cyprus].


By topic




Airbus A330

The Airbus A330 is a medium- to long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliner made by Airbus. Versions of the A330 have a range of 5,000 to 13,430 kilometres (2,700 to 7,250 nmi; 3,110 to 8,350 mi) and can accommodate up to 335 passengers in a two-class layout or carry 70 tonnes (154,000 lb) of cargo.

The A330's origin dates to the mid-1970s as one of several conceived derivatives of Airbus's first airliner, the A300. The A330 was developed in parallel with the four-engine A340, which shared many common airframe components but differed in number of engines. Both airliners incorporated fly-by-wire flight control technology, first introduced on an Airbus aircraft with the A320, as well as the A320's six-display glass cockpit. In June 1987, after receiving orders from various customers, Airbus launched the A330 and A340. The A330 was Airbus's first airliner that offered a choice of three engine types: General Electric CF6, Pratt & Whitney PW4000, and Rolls-Royce Trent 700.

The A330-300, the first variant, took its maiden flight in November 1992 and entered passenger service with Air Inter in January 1994. Airbus followed up with the slightly shorter A330-200 variant in 1998. Subsequently-developed A330 variants include a dedicated freighter, the A330-200F, a military tanker, the A330 MRTT, and a corporate jet, ACJ330. The A330 MRTT formed the basis of the proposed KC-45, entered into the US Air Force's KC-X competition with Northrop Grumman, where after an initial win, on appeal lost to Boeing's tanker.

Since its launch, the A330 has allowed Airbus to expand market share in wide-body airliners. Competing twinjets include the Boeing 767 and 777, along with the 787. The long-range Airbus A350 XWB was planned to succeed both the A330 and A340. Airbus intends to replace the current A330 (referred to as the A330ceo (current engine option) since 2014) with the A330neo, which includes new engines and other improvements. As of 2018, A330 orders stand at 1,734, of which 1,439 have been delivered and 1,403 remain in operation. The largest operator is Turkish Airlines with 66 A330s in its fleet.

Aérospatiale Gazelle

The Aérospatiale Gazelle (company designations SA 340, SA 341 and SA 342) is a French five-seat helicopter, commonly used for light transport, scouting and light attack duties. It is powered by a single Turbomeca Astazou turbine engine and was the first helicopter to feature a fenestron tail instead of a conventional tail rotor. It was designed by Sud Aviation, later Aérospatiale, and manufactured in France and the United Kingdom through a joint production agreement with Westland Aircraft. Further manufacturing under license was performed by SOKO in Yugoslavia and the Arab British Helicopter Company (ABHCO) in Egypt.

Since being introduced to service in 1973, the Gazelle has been procured and operated by a number of export customers. It has also participated in numerous conflicts around the world, including by Syria during the 1982 Lebanon War, by Rwanda during the Rwandan Civil War in the 1990s, and by numerous participants on both sides of the 1991 Gulf War. In French service, the Gazelle has been supplemented as an attack helicopter by the larger Eurocopter Tiger, but remains in use primarily as a scout helicopter.

Briggs v. Elliott

Briggs v. Elliott, 342 U.S. 350 (1952), on appeal from the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of South Carolina, challenged school segregation in Summerton, South Carolina. It was the first of the five cases combined into Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the famous case in which the U.S. Supreme Court declared racial segregation in public schools to be unconstitutional, violating the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause. Following the Brown decision, the district court issued a decree striking down the school segregation law in South Carolina as unconstitutional, and requiring that state's schools to integrate.

British Rail Classes 341 and 342

Class 341 and Class 342 were proposed electric multiple unit classes from the Networker series planned to operate new services on the UK rail network.

Doblhoff WNF 342

The Doblhoff/WNF 342 was the first helicopter to take off and land using tip jets to drive the rotor.

German submarine U-342

German submarine U-342 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was on her first patrol when she was sunk by a Canadian aircraft in April 1944.

She did not sink or damage any ships.

IC 342

IC 342 (also known as Caldwell 5) is an intermediate spiral galaxy in the constellation Camelopardalis, located relatively close to the Milky Way. Despite its size and actual brightness, its location in dusty areas near the galactic equator makes it difficult to observe, leading to the nickname "The Hidden Galaxy", though it can readily be detected even with binoculars. The dust makes it difficult to determine its precise distance; modern estimates range from about 7 Mly to about 11 Mly.The galaxy was discovered by William Frederick Denning in 1892. It is one of the brightest in the IC 342/Maffei Group, one of the closest galaxy groups to the Local Group. Edwin Hubble first thought it to be in the Local Group, but it was later determined not to be a member.In 1935, Harlow Shapley found that it was wider than the full moon, and by angular size the third-largest spiral galaxy then known, smaller only than the Andromeda Galaxy (M31) and the Triangulum Galaxy (M33). (Modern estimates are more conservative, giving the apparent size as one-half to two-thirds the diameter of the full moon).It has an H II nucleus.

Jalan Pekeliling 3

Jalan Pekeliling 3, Federal Route 342, is a federal road in the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), Malaysia.The Kilometre Zero is located at KLIAORR junctions.

At most sections, the Federal Route 343 was built under the JKR R5 road standard, allowing maximum speed limit of up to 90 km/h.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 342

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 342 of the United States Reports:

Stack v. Boyle, 342 U.S. 1 (1951)

Sutphen Estates, Inc. v. United States, 342 U.S. 19 (1951)

McMahon v. United States, 342 U.S. 25 (1951)

Gardner v. Panama R. Co., 342 U.S. 29 (1951) (per curiam)

Dixon v. Duffy, 342 U.S. 33 (1951) (per curiam)

Palmer Oil Corp. v. Amerada Petroleum Corp., 342 U.S. 35 (1951) (per curiam)

United States v. Carignan, 342 U.S. 36 (1951)

United States v. Jeffers, 342 U.S. 48 (1951)

Gallegos v. Nebraska, 342 U.S. 55 (1951)

Bindczyck v. Finucane, 342 U.S. 76 (1951)

United States v. Wunderlich, 342 U.S. 98 (1951)

Jennings v. Illinois, 342 U.S. 104 (1951)

Stefanelli v. Minard, 342 U.S. 117 (1951)

Cook v. Cook, 342 U.S. 126 (1951)

Palmer v. Ashe, 342 U.S. 134 (1951)

Lorain Journal Co. v. United States, 342 U.S. 143 (1951)

United States v. Fortier, 342 U.S. 160 (1951) (per curiam)

Ex parte Cogdell, 342 U.S. 163 (1951) (per curiam)

Rochin v. California, 342 U.S. 165 (1952)

Kerotest Mfg. Co. v. C-O-Two Fire Equipment Co., 342 U.S. 180 (1952)

Desper v. Starved Rock Ferry Co., 342 U.S. 187 (1952)

United States v. Kelly, 342 U.S. 193 (1952)

Pillsbury v. United Engineering Co., 342 U.S. 197 (1952)

United States v. Hayman, 342 U.S. 205 (1952)

United States v. Smith, 342 U.S. 225 (1952)

Carson v. Roane-Anderson Co., 342 U.S. 232 (1952)

Longshoremen v. Juneau Spruce Corp., 342 U.S. 237 (1952)

Morissette v. United States, 342 U.S. 246 (1952)

United States v. Halseth, 342 U.S. 277 (1952)

Halcyon Lines v. Haenn Ship Ceiling & Refitting Corp., 342 U.S. 282 (1952)

United States v. Shannon, 342 U.S. 288 (1952)

Georgia Railroad & Banking Co. v. Redwine, 342 U.S. 299 (1952)

Guessefeldt v. McGrath, 342 U.S. 308 (1952)

Cities Service Co. v. McGrath, 342 U.S. 330 (1952)

Boyce Motor Lines, Inc. v. United States, 342 U.S. 337 (1952)

United States ex rel. Jaegeler v. Carusi, 342 U.S. 347 (1952) (per curiam)

Briggs v. Elliott, 342 U.S. 350 (1952) (per curiam)

Hughes v. United States, 342 U.S. 353 (1952)

Dice v. Akron, C. & Y. R. Co., 342 U.S. 359 (1952)

United States v. New Wrinkle, Inc., 342 U.S. 371 (1952)

Standard Oil Co. v. Peck, 342 U.S. 382 (1952)

Memphis Steam Laundry Cleaner, Inc. v. Stone, 342 U.S. 389 (1952)

First Nat. Bank of Chicago v. United Air Lines, Inc., 342 U.S. 396 (1952)

Sutton v. Leib, 342 U.S. 402 (1952)

Mullaney v. Anderson, 342 U.S. 415 (1952)

Day-Brite Lighting, Inc. v. Missouri, 342 U.S. 421 (1952)

Doremus v. Board of Ed. of Hawthorne, 342 U.S. 429 (1952)

Perkins v. Benguet Consol. Mining Co., 342 U.S. 437 (1952)

Brannan v. Stark, 342 U.S. 451 (1952)

Adler v. Board of Ed. of City of New York, 342 U.S. 485 (1952)

Blackmar v. Guerre, 342 U.S. 512 (1952)

Gray v. Board of Trustees of Univ. of Tenn., 342 U.S. 517 (1952) (per curiam)

Frisbie v. Collins, 342 U.S. 519 (1952)

Carlson v. Landon, 342 U.S. 524 (1952)

Far East Conference v. United States, 342 U.S. 570 (1952)

Harisiades v. Shaughnessy, 342 U.S. 580 (1952)

NGC 342

NGC 342 is a lenticular galaxy in the constellation Cetus. It was discovered on September 27, 1864 by Albert Marth. It was described by Dreyer as "very faint, very small."

NOAAS Albatross IV (R 342)

NOAA Ship Albatross IV (R 342), originally BCF Albatross IV, was a fisheries research ship in commission in the United States Fish and Wildlife Service's Bureau of Commercial Fisheries from 1963 to 1970 and in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) from 1970 to 2008.

No. 342 Squadron RAF

The No. 342 Squadron also known in French as ''Groupe de Bombardement n° 1/20 "Lorraine", was a Free French squadron in the RAF during World War II.

Rural Municipality of Colonsay No. 342

Colonsay No. 342 is a rural municipality in central Saskatchewan, Canada, east of Saskatoon. It is located in

Census Division number 11. The rural area population of the municipality has been declining over the past few years.

This population is spread out over 6 townships which are each 6 miles (9.7 km) by 6 miles (9.7 km) in area, for a total RM area of 145,280 acres (587.9 km2). Colonsay RM is administered by a reeve, 6 councillors and an administrator who oversee health care, education, emergency services and local roads via a tax base.


SP-342 is a state highway in the state of São Paulo in Brazil.

Saskatchewan Highway 342

Highway 342 is a highway in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It runs from Highway 42 to Range Road 3183 near Plato and Highway 44. Highway 342 is about 123 km (76 mi) long.Highway 342 passes near Beechy, White Bear, Kyle, Lacadena, and Tyner, as well as Plato. Highway 342 connects with Highways 647 and 4.

USS Bergall (SS-320)

USS Bergall (SS-320), a Balao-class submarine, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the bergall, a small fish of the New England coast. Her keel was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut. She was later sold to Turkey and operated as TCG Turgutreis (S 342) until scrapped in April 2000.

The Bergall is the subject of an episode of the syndicated television anthology series, The Silent Service, which aired during the 1957-1958 season.

USS Chopper (SS-342)

USS Chopper (SS/AGSS/IXSS-342), a Balao-class submarine, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for the chopper, a bluefish common in the rivers of the Mississippi Valley. Her keel was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut. She was launched on 4 February 1945 sponsored by Mrs. G. S. Beebe, and commissioned on 25 May 1945 with Lieutenant Commander S. Filipone in command.

Chopper sailed from New London, Connecticut on 4 July 1945 for Pearl Harbor, where she lay from 21 September-24 October. On 30 October, she arrived at San Diego, California, her assigned home port. She sailed on 2 January 1946 for the Philippines, where she trained and offered local services until 11 May, when she returned to San Diego and began local operations. Her next deployment — a simulated war patrol to China — took place from 28 July-9 November 1947. After west coast operations through 1948, she departed San Diego on 14 March 1949 for her new home port, Key West, Florida, arriving on 4 April. Operations in Florida waters and the Caribbean Sea were conducted until 15 September 1950, when she entered the Electric Boat Company yards for modernization. She returned to Key West for fleet exercises and training 23 May 1951.

Chopper departed Key West, Florida on 7 January 1952 for a tour of duty in the Mediterranean Sea until 20 May. She resumed local operations, then joined in North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) operations in the Atlantic from 12 September-14 October. Frequent trips to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and local operations continued until 25 May 1959, when she sailed to join in special exercises in the Mediterranean before returning to Key West on 9 August. Through 1960, she continued operations off Florida and in the Caribbean Sea, often acting as target for surface ships in training.

USS Cogswell (DD-651)

USS Cogswell (DD-651) was a Fletcher-class destroyer in the United States Navy, serving in World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam War. The ship is named in honor of Rear Admiral James Kelsey Cogswell, who served during the Spanish–American War, and Captain Francis Cogswell, who served during World War I.

Cogswell was launched on 5 June 1943 by Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine; cosponsored by Mrs. D. C. Bingham, daughter of Rear Admiral Cogswell, and Mrs. Francis Cogswell, widow of Captain Cogswell; and commissioned 17 August 1943, Commander H. T. Deutermann in command.

USS Gudgeon (SS-567)

USS Gudgeon (SS/AGSS/SSAG-567), a Tang-class submarine, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for the gudgeon, a species of small fresh-water minnow.


USS LST-342 was an LST-1-class tank landing ship built for the United States Navy during World War II. LST-342 was laid down on 21 August 1942 by the Norfolk Navy Yard; launched on 8 November 1942; sponsored by Mrs. Philip H. Ryan; and commissioned on 31 December 1942.She was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific theater and participated in the New Georgia-Rendova-Vangunu occupation in July 1943. She was struck by a Japanese torpedo off the Solomon Islands on 18 July 1943 from the Japanese submarine Ro-106. The resultant explosion broke the ship into two sections, with the stern sinking immediately, while the bow remained afloat and was towed to Purvis Bay (Tokyo Bay) off Florida Island and beached so that useable equipment could be salvaged. The bow was then abandoned.She was struck from the Navy list on 28 July 1943. LST-342 earned one battle star and the Navy Unit Commendation for World War II service.

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