325th Division (Vietnam)

The 325th Infantry Division is a division of the People's Army of Vietnam, first formed in March 1951 from independent units in Thừa Thiên, it is likely that it only became fully operational in mid-1952. It was one of the 6 original "Iron and Steel" Divisions of the Viet Minh.[1]:150

325th Infantry Division
Active1951-present
Allegiance Vietnam
BranchVietnam People's Army
TypeInfantry
RoleInfantry
SizeDivision
Part of2nd Corps
Garrison/HQBắc Giang, Vietnam
Nickname(s)Bình Trị Thiên
EngagementsBattle of Khe Sanh
Battle of Lang Vei
1975 Spring Offensive
Hue-Da Nang Campaign

First Indochina War

In December 1953 the 325th took part in the Viet Minh probe into Laos.[1]:195

In late December 1953 seven battalions from Regiment 101 of the 325th and Regiment 66 of the 304th Division moving from Vinh attacked isolated French outposts in the Annamite Range in Annam and Central Laos.[1]:274

Vietnam War

The 95th Infantry Regiment arrived in Kon Tum Province in December 1964. In February 1965 the 95th was joined by the 101st Infantry Regiment.

U.S intelligence indicated that the 325C Division was operating in the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone by July 1967.[2]

On 3 February 1968, a battalion of the 325C attacked the Marines on Hill 861A north of Khe Sanh Combat Base.

On the night of 6/7 February, the 101st Infantry Regiment and the 22nd Infantry Regiment (attached to the 304th Division), supported by 12 PT-76 lights tanks of the 203d Armored Regiment overran the US special forces camp at Lang Vei.

On 8 February a reinforced Battalion of the 101st Regiment attacked a 9th Marines' position west of the Combat Base[3]

For the 1975 Spring Offensive, the 325C formed part of the VPA 2nd Corps with the 304th and 324B Divisions.[4]:13 As part of the Hue-Da Nang Campaign on 19 March the 324B and the 325C attacked the ARVN 1st Division and the 15th Ranger Group along Route 1 south of Huế.[5]:69 On the afternoon of 22 March the 324B pushed the 15th Rangers out of Phú Lộc cutting Route 1 and forcing the ARVN forces to withdraw back to a defensive line around Phu Bai Air Base [5]:70 On 24 March all ARVN forces were ordered to abandon Huế and regroup in Danang, a disorganised seaborne evacuation followed and by 25 March the VPA was in control of the city.[5]:70-4

For the attack on Danang, by 26 March the 325C advanced from the north, the 9th Regiment of the 304th was located northwest of Danang, while the rest of the 304th and 711 Divisions encircled from the south and the 324B was located southwest of the city. By the afternoon of 29 March the 2nd Corps had penetrated the ARVN defences and entered the city which finally fell on 31 March.[5]:77-83 By April 26, the 325C and the 304th were attacking Route 15, the last overland link between Saigon and Vung Tau.[5]:154

Present Day

Today the division is part of the 2nd Corps (Vietnam People's Army).

References

  1. ^ a b c Windrow, Martin (2004). The Last Valley: Dien Bien Phu and the French Defeat in Vietnam. Orion Publishing Group. ISBN 0-297-84671-X.
  2. ^ Coan, James (2004). Con Thien: The Hill of Angels. University of Alabama Press. p. 137. ISBN 0-8173-1414-8.
  3. ^ Woodruff, p. 110-1.
  4. ^ Trinh Vuong Hong; Pham Huu Thang (2006). History of the Tri-Thien Campaign and Da Nang Campaign during Spring 1975. People's Army Publishing House.
  5. ^ a b c d e Dougan, Clark; Fulgham, David (1985). The Vietnam Experience: The Fall of the South. Boston Publishing Company. ISBN 0-939526-16-6.
List of military divisions by number

This is a list of military divisions of all nationalities organised by number. Divisions may be infantry, airborne, cavalry, mechanized, armoured or aviation.

See also: List of military divisions by name

325th Infantry Division
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