318

Year 318 (CCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Licinianus and Crispus (or, less frequently, year 1071 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 318 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
318 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar318
CCCXVIII
Ab urbe condita1071
Assyrian calendar5068
Balinese saka calendar239–240
Bengali calendar−275
Berber calendar1268
Buddhist calendar862
Burmese calendar−320
Byzantine calendar5826–5827
Chinese calendar丁丑(Fire Ox)
3014 or 2954
    — to —
戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
3015 or 2955
Coptic calendar34–35
Discordian calendar1484
Ethiopian calendar310–311
Hebrew calendar4078–4079
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat374–375
 - Shaka Samvat239–240
 - Kali Yuga3418–3419
Holocene calendar10318
Iranian calendar304 BP – 303 BP
Islamic calendar313 BH – 312 BH
Javanese calendar199–200
Julian calendar318
CCCXVIII
Korean calendar2651
Minguo calendar1594 before ROC
民前1594年
Nanakshahi calendar−1150
Seleucid era629/630 AG
Thai solar calendar860–861
Tibetan calendar阴火牛年
(female Fire-Ox)
444 or 63 or −709
    — to —
阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
445 or 64 or −708

Events

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Roman Empire

China

By topic

Religion

Births

Deaths

318 (number)

318 is the natural number following 317 and preceding 319.

Airbus A318

The Airbus A318 is the smallest member of the Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus. The A318 carries up to 132 passengers and has a maximum range of 3,100 nmi (5,700 km; 3,600 mi). Final assembly of the aircraft took place in Hamburg, Germany.

It is intended primarily for short-range service, although British Airways uses the aircraft on a London City Airport to New York-JFK Airport transatlantic route (albeit with a stopover in Shannon for refueling on the westbound leg).

The aircraft shares a common type rating with all other Airbus A320 family variants, allowing existing A320 family pilots to fly the aircraft without the need for further training. It is the largest commercial aircraft certified by the European Aviation Safety Agency for steep approach operations, allowing flights at airports such as London City.The A318 entered service in July 2003 with Frontier Airlines. Relative to other Airbus A320 family variants, it has sold in only small numbers with total orders for 80 aircraft placed, with the order book currently being empty. It also has an excellent safety record; as of 2018, out of the 118 accidents involving the Airbus A320 family, none have involved the A318. As of January 2019, Air France was the largest operator of the Airbus A318.

Area code 318

Area code 318 is a telephone area code that covers northern and central Louisiana.

It was created in 1957 in a split of Louisiana's original area code, 504. Originally, it covered nearly all of the state west of the Mississippi River, stretching from the Gulf of Mexico north to the border with Arkansas. In 1999, the southern portion of the "original" 318, including Lafayette and Lake Charles, became area code 337.

318 had been assigned, temporarily, for San Francisco, because Oakland and San Francisco had separate toll switches, so calls had to be routed accordingly depending on the final destination. As the telephone equipment used at the time handled only three-digit translation, the temporary use of an area code, 318, was required to distinguish between the two Bay Area cities. Area code 318 temporarily was used to specify San Francisco and areas north of the Golden Gate Bridge, while calls with destinations in Oakland or the East Bay used area code 415. When the electromechanical Card-Translator box became available by 1953, translations using six digits were possible; the 318 code no longer was required. The entire San Francisco Bay Area returned to using area code 415; by 2015, area code 628 was added as an overlay.

British Rail Class 318

The British Rail Class 318 is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train, which operates exclusively in the Strathclyde Partnership for Transport network in West Central Scotland. The units were introduced fully on 29 September 1986 as part of the electrification of the Ayrshire Coast Line between Glasgow Central and Ayr/Ardrossan with alternating current (AC) overhead lines. Usage was extended to Largs in January 1987. They were also used on the Inverclyde Line in small numbers. The trains currently operate Argyle, North Clyde Line and Inverclyde Line services.

Cessna T-37 Tweet

The Cessna T-37 Tweet (designated Model 318 by Cessna) is a small, economical twin-engined jet trainer type which flew for decades as a primary trainer for the United States Air Force (USAF) and in the air forces of several other nations. The T-37C was additionally capable of some light attack duties if required. The A-37 Dragonfly variant served in the light attack role during the Vietnam War and continues to serve in the air forces of several South American nations.The T-37 served as the U.S. Air Force's primary pilot training vehicle for over 52 years after its first flight. After completing Primary in the Tweet, students moved on to other advanced Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps or Allied trainers. With a total of 1,269 Cessna T-37s built, the USAF retired its last T-37 in 2009.

China National Highway 318

China National Highway 318 (G318) runs from Shanghai to Zhangmu on the China-Nepal border. It is the longest China National Highway at 5,476 kilometres (3,403 mi) in length and runs west from Shanghai towards Zhejiang, Anhui, Hubei, Chongqing, Sichuan, and ends in Tibet Autonomous Region. From Lhasa to Zhangmu it is also called Friendship Highway.

At the Sino-Nepal Friendship Bridge, it connects with the 115 km long Araniko Highway

to Kathmandu.

Constituency W-318

Constituency W-318 is a reserved Constituency for female in the Provincial Assembly of Punjab.

Dornier Do 24

The Dornier Do 24 is a 1930s German three-engine flying boat designed by the Dornier Flugzeugwerke for maritime patrol and search and rescue. According to Dornier records, some 12,000 people were rescued by Do 24s during its flying career. A total of 279 were built among several factories from 1937 to 1945.

Enterprise JavaBeans

Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) is one of several Java APIs for modular construction of enterprise software. EJB is a server-side software component that encapsulates business logic of an application. An EJB web container provides a runtime environment for web related software components, including computer security, Java servlet lifecycle management, transaction processing, and other web services. The EJB specification is a subset of the Java EE specification.

German submarine U-318

German submarine U-318 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

The submarine was laid down on 14 October 1942 by the Flender Werke yard at Lübeck as yard number 318, launched on 25 September 1943, and commissioned on 13 November under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Josef Will.

She served with the 4th U-boat Flotilla for training, the 11th U-boat Flotilla from 1 August 1943 to 4 November 1944, the 13th flotilla from 5 November 1944 to 28 February 1945 and the 14th flotilla from 1 March to 8 May 1945 for operations.

She completed six patrols, but did not sink any ships.

She was a member of two wolfpacks.

The boat surrendered at Narvik in Norway in May 1945. She was sunk in December as part of Operation Deadlight.

Han Zhao and Former Zhao

The Han Zhao (simplified Chinese: 汉赵; traditional Chinese: 漢趙; pinyin: Hànzhào; 304–329), or Former Zhao, or Northern Han (北漢), was a Southern Xiongnu state during Sixteen Kingdoms period coeval with the Chinese Jin Dynasty (265-420). In the Chinese historiography it was given two conditional state titles, the Han state (漢, pinyin Hàn) for the state proclaimed in 304 by Liu Yuan, and the Former Zhao state (前趙, pinyin Qiánzhào) for the state proclaimed in 319 by Liu Yao. The reference to them as separate states should be considered clearly erroneous, given that when Liu Yao changed the name of the state from Han to Zhao in 319, he treated the state as having been continuous from the time that Liu Yuan founded it in 304; instead, he de-established royal lineage to the Han Dynasty and claimed ancestry directly from Yu the Great of the Xia Dynasty.

The reason it was also referred to as Former Zhao was that when the powerful general Shi Le broke away and formed his own state in 319, later it was also conditionally named Zhao as well, and so in the Chinese historiography Shi Le's state was referred to as Later Zhao.) Since they both were ruled by partially sinicized Xiongnu with a Chinese throne name Liu, the Chinese scholars often conditionally combined them into a single Han Zhao state. Numerous western texts refer to the two states separately; others referred to the Han state as the Northern Han, a confusing nomenclature as the term also refers to the Northern Han in the Period of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms.

All rulers of the Han Zhao were titled emperors. Han Zhao rulers were all extremely intelligent and articulate, but some lacked self-control and demonstrated excessive cruelty on the battlefield. Particularly typical of this pattern of behavior was Liu Cong (Emperor Zhaowu), who was clearly able to discern good strategic plans from bad. He would sometimes indulge himself on wine and women, and his patterns of erratic behavior often resulted in deaths of honest officials. Han Zhao was considered to be a state that never fully realized its potential, it had a right mix of talent among its officials, and its armies were extremely powerful especially when utilized properly, but it would not always complete the conquests that its emperors envisioned, and eventually fell to its formal general Shi Le.

The Han Zhao armies sacked the Jin dynastic capitals of Luoyang in 311 and Chang'an in 316. Emperor Huai and Emperor Min of the Jin were captured, humiliated and executed. Remnants of the Jin court fled to Jiankang, located east of Luoyang and Chang'an, and founded the so-called Eastern Jin Dynasty, under Sima Rui a Prince of Langye, later he adopted a title Emperor Yuan.

In 318, Liu Can and the state ruling family at Pingyang were toppled and executed by the coup d'etat of Jin Zhun, who was in turn overthrown by Shi Le and Liu Yao. Liu Yao, as an imperial prince, claimed the throne and changed the dynastic name from Han to Zhao. The Han Zhao dynasty lasted until 329, when Shi Le defeated Liu Yao at the river Luo. Liu Yao was captured and executed, and his sons were as well, a year later.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 318

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 318 of the United States Reports:

Terminal Railroad Assn. of St. Louis v. Trainmen, 318 U.S. 1 (1943)

NLRB v. Indiana & Michigan Elec. Co., 318 U.S. 9 (1943)

O'Donnell v. Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Co., 318 U.S. 36 (1943)

Tileston v. Ullman, 318 U.S. 44 (1943) (per curiam)

Mandeville v. Canterbury, 318 U.S. 47 (1943) (per curiam)

In re Bradley, 318 U.S. 50 (1943)

Tiller v. Atlantic Coast Line R. Co., 318 U.S. 54 (1943)

Ziffrin v. United States, 318 U.S. 73 (1943)

SEC v. Chenery Corp., 318 U.S. 80 (1943)

Jerome v. United States, 318 U.S. 101 (1943)

Palmer v. Hoffman, 318 U.S. 109 (1943)

United States v. Brooks-Callaway Co., 318 U.S. 120 (1943)

Overstreet v. North Shore Corp., 318 U.S. 125 (1943)

C. J. Hendry Co. v. Moore, 318 U.S. 133 (1943)

Reconstruction Finance Corporation v. Bankers Trust Co., 318 U.S. 163 (1943)

Smith v. Shaughnessy, 318 U.S. 176 (1943)

Robinette v. Helvering, 318 U.S. 184 (1943)

Johnson v. United States, 318 U.S. 189 (1943)

Leishman v. Associated Wholesale Elec. Co., 318 U.S. 203 (1943)

United States v. Oklahoma Gas & Elec. Co., 318 U.S. 206 (1943)

Federal Security Administrator v. Quaker Oats Co., 318 U.S. 218 (1943)

Viereck v. United States, 318 U.S. 236 (1943)

Marshall Field & Co. v. NLRB, 318 U.S. 253 (1943) (per curiam)

Wells v. United States, 318 U.S. 257 (1943) (per curiam)

Penn Dairies, Inc. v. Milk Control Comm'n of Pa., 318 U.S. 261 (1943)

Pacific Coast Dairy, Inc. v. Department of Agriculture of Cal., 318 U.S. 285 (1943)

Helvering v. Sabine Transp. Co., 318 U.S. 306 (1943)

Hoopeston Canning Co. v. Cullen, 318 U.S. 313 (1943)

Helvering v. American Dental Co., 318 U.S. 322 (1943)

McNabb v. United States, 318 U.S. 332 (1943)

Anderson v. United States, 318 U.S. 350 (1943)

Maricopa County v. Valley Nat. Bank of Phoenix, 318 U.S. 357 (1943)

Clearfield Trust Co. v. United States, 318 U.S. 363 (1943)

Helvering v. Griffiths, 318 U.S. 371 (1943)

Ex parte Davis, 318 U.S. 412 (1943) (per curiam)

Jamison v. Texas, 318 U.S. 413 (1943)

Largent v. Texas, 318 U.S. 418 (1943)

Choctaw Nation v. United States, 318 U.S. 423 (1943)

Corn Exchange Nat. Bank & Trust Co. v. Klauder, 318 U.S. 434 (1943)

United States v. Swift & Co., 318 U.S. 442 (1943) (per curiam)

Ecker v. Western Pacific R. Corp., 318 U.S. 448 (1943)

Emil v. Hanley, 318 U.S. 515 (1943)

Group of Institutional Investors v. Chicago, M., St. P. & P. R. Co., 318 U.S. 523 (1943)

Ex parte Peru, 318 U.S. 578 (1943)

Helvering v. Sprouse, 318 U.S. 604 (1943)

Fidelity Assurance Assn. v. Sims, 318 U.S. 608 (1943)

Myers v. Matley, 318 U.S. 622 (1943)

Creek Nation v. United States, 318 U.S. 629 (1943)

Fred Fisher Music Co. v. M. Witmark & Sons, 318 U.S. 643 (1943)

De Zon v. American President Lines, Ltd., 318 U.S. 660 (1943)

Illinois Commerce Comm'n v. Thomson, 318 U.S. 675 (1943)

New York ex rel. Whitman v. Wilson, 318 U.S. 688 (1943) (per curiam)

Helvering v. Chicago Stock Yards Co., 318 U.S. 693 (1943)

United States v. Lepowitch, 318 U.S. 702 (1943)

Board of County Comm'rs v. Seber, 318 U.S. 705 (1943)

Aguilar v. Standard Oil Co. of N. J., 318 U.S. 724 (1943)

NGC 318

NGC 318 is a lenticular galaxy in the constellation Pisces. It was discovered on November 29, 1850 by Bindon Stoney.

No. 318 Polish Fighter-Reconnaissance Squadron

No. 318 "City of Gdańsk" Polish Fighter-Reconnaissance Squadron (Polish: 318 Dywizjon Myśliwsko-Rozpoznawczy Gdański") was a Polish tactical reconnaissance aircraft squadron formed in Great Britain as part of an agreement between the Polish Government in Exile and the United Kingdom in 1940. It was one of several Polish squadrons fighting alongside the Royal Air Force (RAF) during World War II.

Nova Scotia Route 318

Route 318 is a collector road in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.

It is located in the Halifax Regional Municipality and connects Dartmouth at Exit 6 of Highway 111 with Waverley at Trunk 2.

It is called the "Waverley Road" and "Braemar Drive." The road follows the north shore of Lake Micmac, Lake Charles, Nova Scotia and Lake Thomas, which comprise part of the historic Shubenacadie Canal route.

Rural Municipality of Mountain View No. 318

Mountain View No. 318 is a rural municipality in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. The municipality is located in Census Division 12 which is a part of SARM Division 6. The seat of the municipality is located in the hamlet of Herschel. The RM is also home to Ancient Echoes Interpretive Centre.

SP-318

SP-318 is a state highway in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. Part of it consists of the Rodovia Thales de Lorena Peixoto Júnior.

Saskatchewan Highway 318

Highway 318 is a highway in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It runs from Highway 18 near Carnduff to Highway 361 near Alida. Highway 318 is about 28 km (17 mi) long.

USS Baya (SS-318)

USS Baya (SS/AGSS-318), a Balao-class submarine, was a ship of the United States Navy named for the baya.

Baya was launched on 2 January 1944 by Electric Boat Co., Groton, Conn.; sponsored by Mrs. Charles C. Kirkpatrick, and commissioned on 20 May 1944, Commander A. H. Holtz in command.

USS Shirk (DD-318)

USS Shirk (DD-318) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy following World War I. She was named for James W. Shirk.

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