30th meridian east

The meridian 30° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Turkey, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 30th meridian east forms a great circle with the 150th meridian west.

The meridian is the mid point of Eastern European Time.

The 1992 BBC travel documentary Pole to Pole followed Michael Palin's journey along the 30° east meridian, which was selected as his travel axis as it covered the most land.

Line across the Earth
30°
30th meridian east

From Pole to Pole

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 30th meridian east passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N 30°0′E / 90.000°N 30.000°E Arctic Ocean
80°9′N 30°0′E / 80.150°N 30.000°E Barents Sea Passing between the islands of Kongsøya and Abel Island, Svalbard,  Norway
70°42′N 30°0′E / 70.700°N 30.000°E  Norway
70°4′N 30°0′E / 70.067°N 30.000°E Varangerfjord
69°51′N 30°0′E / 69.850°N 30.000°E  Norway Passing just west of Kirkenes
69°25′N 30°0′E / 69.417°N 30.000°E  Russia
67°41′N 30°0′E / 67.683°N 30.000°E  Finland For about 8 km
67°37′N 30°0′E / 67.617°N 30.000°E  Russia
66°0′N 30°0′E / 66.000°N 30.000°E  Finland
65°41′N 30°0′E / 65.683°N 30.000°E  Russia
64°47′N 30°0′E / 64.783°N 30.000°E  Finland
63°45′N 30°0′E / 63.750°N 30.000°E  Russia For about 2 km
63°44′N 30°0′E / 63.733°N 30.000°E  Finland
61°45′N 30°0′E / 61.750°N 30.000°E  Russia
60°0′N 30°0′E / 60.000°N 30.000°E Baltic Sea Gulf of Finland, 300 meters of Lisy Nos, Saint Petersburg coast
59°52′N 30°0′E / 59.867°N 30.000°E  Russia Passing just west of Saint Petersburg proper
55°51′N 30°0′E / 55.850°N 30.000°E  Belarus
51°29′N 30°0′E / 51.483°N 30.000°E  Ukraine
46°30′N 30°0′E / 46.500°N 30.000°E  Moldova For about 12 km
46°23′N 30°0′E / 46.383°N 30.000°E  Ukraine
45°44′N 30°0′E / 45.733°N 30.000°E Black Sea
41°8′N 30°0′E / 41.133°N 30.000°E  Turkey
36°13′N 30°0′E / 36.217°N 30.000°E Mediterranean Sea
31°17′N 30°0′E / 31.283°N 30.000°E  Egypt
22°0′N 30°0′E / 22.000°N 30.000°E  Sudan
10°17′N 30°0′E / 10.283°N 30.000°E  South Sudan
4°13′N 30°0′E / 4.217°N 30.000°E  Democratic Republic of the Congo
0°51′N 30°0′E / 0.850°N 30.000°E  Uganda
1°26′S 30°0′E / 1.433°S 30.000°E  Rwanda Passing just west of Kigali
2°21′S 30°0′E / 2.350°S 30.000°E  Burundi
4°18′S 30°0′E / 4.300°S 30.000°E  Tanzania
6°29′S 30°0′E / 6.483°S 30.000°E Lake Tanganyika
7°8′S 30°0′E / 7.133°S 30.000°E  Democratic Republic of the Congo
8°19′S 30°0′E / 8.317°S 30.000°E  Zambia
15°38′S 30°0′E / 15.633°S 30.000°E  Zimbabwe
22°13′S 30°0′E / 22.217°S 30.000°E  South Africa Limpopo
Mpumalanga
KwaZulu-Natal
Eastern Cape
31°18′S 30°0′E / 31.300°S 30.000°E Indian Ocean
60°0′S 30°0′E / 60.000°S 30.000°E Southern Ocean
69°18′S 30°0′E / 69.300°S 30.000°E Antarctica Queen Maud Land, claimed by  Norway

See also

150th meridian west

The meridian 150° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America (entirely within the State of Alaska), the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

In Antarctica, the meridian defines the eastern limit of New Zealand's territorial claim. The land further east is not claimed by any nation.

The 150th meridian west forms a great circle with the 30th meridian east.

The Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone is based on the mean solar time of this meridian.

29th meridian east

The meridian 29° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 29th meridian east forms a great circle with the 151st meridian west.

The meridian defines the eastern border of the Abyei area, which is disputed between Sudan and South Sudan.

30th meridian

30th meridian may refer to:

30th meridian east, a line of longitude east of the Greenwich Meridian

30th meridian west, a line of longitude west of the Greenwich Meridian

31st meridian east

The meridian 31° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Turkey, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 31st meridian east forms a great circle with the 149th meridian west.

Congo-Nile Divide

The Congo-Nile Divide (or Nile Congo Watershed) is the continental divide that separates the drainage basins of the Nile and Congo rivers.

It is about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) long.

There are several geologically and geographically distinct sections between the point on the border between the Central African Republic and South Sudan where the Nile and Congo basins meet the Chad Basin, and the southern point in Tanzania to the southwest of Lake Victoria where the boundaries of the Nile and Congo basins diverge.

The people who live along the divide are diverse, mainly speaking Central Sudanic languages in the northern parts and Bantu languages further south.

The European colonialists used the Congo-Nile divide as a boundary between British-controlled territories to the east and territories controlled by the French and Belgians to the west.

This was decided at a time when few Europeans had visited the area, which had yet to be mapped.

It separated members of the ethnic groups that live on both sides of the divide.

Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System

The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), with an operational name of NAVIC ("sailor" or "navigator" in Sanskrit, Hindi and many other Indian languages and also standing for NAVigation with Indian Constellation), is an autonomous regional satellite navigation system that provides accurate real-time positioning and timing services. It covers India and a region extending 1,500 km (930 mi) around it, with plans for further extension. An Extended Service Area lies between the primary service area and a rectangle area enclosed by the 30th parallel south to the 50th parallel north and the 30th meridian east to the 130th meridian east, 1,500–6,000 km beyond borders. The system at present consists of a constellation of seven satellites, with two additional satellites on ground as stand-by.The constellation is in orbit as of 2018, and the system was expected to be operational from early 2018 after a system check. NAVIC will provide two levels of service, the "standard positioning service", which will be open for civilian use, and a "restricted service" (an encrypted one) for authorized users (including military). Due to the failures of one of the satellites and its replacement, no new date for operational status has been set.

There are plans to expand NavIC system by increasing constellation size from 7 to 11.

Kirkenes

Kirkenes (Northern Sami: Girkonjárga, Finnish and Kven: Kirkkoniemi, Russian: Киркенес) is a town in Sør-Varanger Municipality in Finnmark county, in the far northeastern part of Norway. The town lies on a peninsula along the Bøkfjorden, an arm of the large Varangerfjorden. The main church for Kirkenes is Kirkenes Church, located in the Haganes area of the town.

The 2.14-square-kilometre (530-acre) town has a population (2018) of 3,529 which gives the town a population density of 1,649 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,270/sq mi). When the neighbouring suburban villages of Hesseng, Sandnes, and Bjørnevatn are all included with Kirkenes, the urban area reaches a total population of almost 8,000 people.

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