30th Street Station

30th Street Station is an intermodal transit station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is Philadelphia's main railroad station, and is a major stop on Amtrak's Northeast and Keystone corridors. It doubles as a major commuter rail station; it is served by all Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) Regional Rail lines, and is the western terminus for New Jersey Transit's Atlantic City Line. It is also served by several SEPTA city and suburban buses, as well as buses operated by NJ Transit and intercity operators. It is the tenth-busiest train station in the United States.

30th Street Station
30th Street Station Philadelphia July 2016 002 edit
30th Street Station illuminated for the 2016 Democratic Convention.
Location2955 Market Street (PA 3)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania[1]
Coordinates39°57′21″N 75°10′55″W / 39.95583°N 75.18194°WCoordinates: 39°57′21″N 75°10′55″W / 39.95583°N 75.18194°W
Owned byAmtrak
Line(s)Northeast Corridor
Keystone Corridor (Main Line)
SEPTA Main Line
Platforms9 island platforms (3 upper level, 6 lower level)
Tracks15 (6 upper level, 9 lower level)
ConnectionsCity Bus SEPTA City Bus: 9, 12, 21, 30, 31, 42, 44, 49, 62, LUCY
Suburban Bus SEPTA Suburban Bus: 124, 125
JFK Boulevard & 30th Street
NJT Bus NJT Bus: 316, 414, 417, 555
Intercity Bus Megabus: M21, M23, M29, M30, M31, M32, M34
Intercity Bus BoltBus
Intercity bus Martz Trailways
Construction
ParkingYes
Bicycle facilitiesYes
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codePHL (Amtrak)[1]
Fare zoneC (SEPTA)
History
Opened1933 (Replaced West Philadelphia Station)
Rebuilt1989
ElectrifiedYes
Previous namesPennsylvania Station–30th Street
Traffic
Passengers (2012)580 (Average weekday)[2] (NJT)
Passengers (FY 2017)4,411,662[3]Increase 1.9% (Amtrak)
Passengers (2015)25,702 (Average weekday)[4] (SEPTA)
Thirtieth Street station
LocationW. River Dr., Market, 30th, and Arch Sts.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Built1927-1933[6]
ArchitectGraham, Anderson, Probst & White
Architectural styleClassical Revival
NRHP reference #78002456[5]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJune 7, 1978
Designated PHMCDecember 17, 1996[7]
Location
30th Street Station is located in Philadelphia
30th Street Station
30th Street Station
Location within Philadelphia

Description

The station is located at 2955 Market Street.[1] It is located in Philadelphia's University City neighborhood, just across the Schuylkill River from Center City. The building, which first opened in 1933, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Amtrak's code for the station is PHL.[1] Its IATA Airport Code is ZFV on United because Amtrak's service to Newark Liberty International Airport is codeshared with United Airlines.

30th Street Station is Amtrak's third-busiest station, and by far the busiest of the 24 stations served in Pennsylvania, serving 4,411,662 passengers in fiscal year 2017. On an average day in fiscal 2013, about 12,000 people boarded or left trains in Philadelphia, nearly twice as many as in the rest of the Pennsylvania stations combined.[3]

History

Removal of West Philadelphia station platforms, January 1931
The former West Philadelphia station being removed in 1931 during construction of 30th Street Station
PRR Herald 30th St
PRR heralds at 30th Street Station

The Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR), which was headquartered in Philadelphia, acquired tunnel rights from the Schuylkill River to 15th Street from the city of Philadelphia in return for land that the city needed to construct the Benjamin Franklin Parkway. This allowed the company to build both Suburban Station and the 30th Street Station,[8] which replaced Broad Street station as the latter was too small. Broad Street Station was a stub-end terminal in Center City and through trains had to back in and out, and the company wanted a location which would accommodate trains between New York City and Washington. D.C. Broad St. station also handled a large commuter operation, which the new underground Suburban Station was built to handle. (Because of the Depression and World War II, Broad St. station didn't close until 1952.)[9]

The Chicago architectural firm of Graham, Anderson, Probst and White, the successor to D.H. Burnham & Company,[8] designed the structure, originally known as Pennsylvania Station–30th Street in accord with the naming style of other Pennsylvania Stations. Its design was influenced by the Northeast Corridor electrification that allowed trains to pass beneath the station without exposing passengers to soot as steam engines of earlier times had. The station had a number of innovative features, including a pneumatic tube system, an electronic intercom, and a reinforced roof with space for small aircraft to land,[10] and contained a mortuary, a chapel and more than 3,000 square feet of hospital space.[8]

Construction began in 1927 and the station opened in 1933, starting with two platform tracks.[6] The vast waiting room is faced with travertine and the coffered ceiling is painted gold, red and cream. The building's exterior has columned porte-cocheres on the west and east facade, and shows a balance between classical and modern architectural styles.[8]

30th Street Station had a Solari board dating back to the 1970s that displayed train departure times, the last such board at an Amtrak station as all the others had been replaced with digital boards.[11] On November 30, 2018, Amtrak announced that the Solari board at 30th Street Station will be replaced with a digital board in January 2019. Upon retirement, the Solari board will be relocated to the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania in Strasburg.[12] However, on December 11, 2018, Amtrak announced it will reconsider its decision to replace the Solari board after Congressman Brendan Boyle contacted Amtrak CEO Richard H. Anderson and urged for the Solari board to remain at the station. Amtrak says it will incorporate the flipboard in the renovated 30th Street Station.[11][13] The sign will be temporarily housed at the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania until the 30th Street Station renovations are complete.[14] Amtrak removed the Solari board from 30th Street Station on January 26, 2019.[15] On February 28, 2019, the new digital board at 30th Street Station began operation.[16]

Ben Franklin Station

In 2005, Philadelphia-based Pew Charitable Trust asked Amtrak to change the name of 30th Street Station to "Ben Franklin Station"[17] as part of the celebration of Ben Franklin's 300th birthday in January 2006. The cost of replacing signs at the station was estimated at $3 million.

In January, Philadelphia Mayor John Street threw his support behind the name change, but others had mixed reactions to the proposal. Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell, a former mayor of Philadelphia, was lukewarm, while Amtrak officials worried that a "Ben" station could be confused with its other three "Penn" stations.[18] On January 25, 2006, Pew abandoned the campaign, giving no reason.[18]

Renaming

In August 2014, a federal law was passed that will change the name of the station to William H. Gray III 30th Street Station in honor of the late congressman.[19] At the time, the change was scheduled to occur "in the next few months".[20]

Present day

30thStreetStation-overview-en
Overview of the lines serving 30th Street

The building is owned by Amtrak and houses many Amtrak corporate offices, although Amtrak is officially headquartered at Union Station in Washington, D.C. The 562,000 ft² (52,000 m²) facility features a cavernous main passenger concourse with ornate Art Deco decor.

Prominently displayed is the Pennsylvania Railroad World War II Memorial, which honors Pennsylvania Railroad employees killed in World War II. It consists of a bronze statue of the archangel Michael lifting the body of a dead soldier out of the flames of war, and was sculpted by Walker Hancock in 1950. On the four sides of the base of that sculpture are the 1,307 names of those employees in alphabetical order.

The building was restored in 1991 by Dan Peter Kopple & Associates.[8] When the station was renovated, updated retail amenities were added. They include several shops, a large food court, car rental facilities, Saxbys Coffee, Dunkin' Donuts, and others.

The Amtrak 30th Street Parking Garage was designed by BLT Architects and completed in 2004. This nine-level, double helix garage provides 2,100 parking spaces and glass-enclosed stair tower and elevator to offer views of Philadelphia.[21] The following year (2005) the Arch Street Pedestrian Bridge was completed and designed with contribution from BLT Architects. The Arch Street Pedestrian Bridge provides direct access for pedestrians from 30th Street Station to the parking garage and Cira Centre; this prevents pedestrians from interacting with heavy traffic from PA 3 and I-76.[22]

Busiest station

The station is one of the busiest intercity passenger railroad facilities in the United States. The station also has extensive local and regional passenger volume; it is one of SEPTA's three primary regional rail hubs. It is within walking distance of various attractions in West Philadelphia, notably the University of Pennsylvania, Drexel University, and the University City Science Center, all in University City.

Street access

Many important highways and streets pass next to or near the station. Vehicles and taxicabs can reach the station from various major routes, including Market Street (PA 3), Interstate 76 (more commonly known as the Schuylkill Expressway in the Philadelphia area), and Interstate 676 (more commonly known as the Vine Street Expressway in the city of Philadelphia).[10] The John F. Kennedy Boulevard Bridge is just east of the station.

Rail access

Trains from SEPTA, Amtrak, and New Jersey Transit serve the station. The three east-west Upper Level platforms serve SEPTA Regional Rail; all 13 Regional Rail lines stop at the station. It is one of three stations that are part of the Center City Commuter Connection. The north-south Lower Level platforms serve Amtrak trains, as well as NJ Transit's Atlantic City Line.

SEPTA's Market-Frankford Line (also known as the "El") and all of SEPTA's subway–surface lines (routes 10, 11, 13, 34, and 36) stop at the 30th Street subway station, less than half a block, or 0.1 miles (0.16 km), from the southwest entrance to 30th Street Station. A tunnel connecting the underground subway station and 30th Street Station was closed in the 1980s.[23]

A number of SEPTA bus routes stop at or near the station, including Routes 9, 30, 31, 44, 49, 62, 124, 125, and LUCY (Loop through University City).[24]

Cira Centre

Cira Centre, a 28-story glass-and-steel office tower opened in October 2005, is across Arch Street to the north and is connected by a skyway at the station's mezzanine level next to the upper-level SEPTA Regional Rail platforms. The tower is owned by Philadelphia-based Brandywine Realty Trust, was designed by architect César Pelli and BLT Architects,[21][22] and sits on land leased from Amtrak.

20000308 01 Amtrak Race St. Yard, Philadelphia, PA
A collection of equipment at Race Street in 2000

Amtrak maintenance facilities

Amtrak owns and operates the Penn Coach Yard and Race Street Engine House equipment repair and maintenance facility at the 30th Street Station.

Station facilities

ClubAcela

The station has one of Amtrak's four ClubAcelas, which are open to Amtrak Guest Rewards members with a ClubAcela pass, Amtrak Guest Rewards Select Plus and Select Executive members, Acela Express first-class passengers, sleeping car passengers on overnight trains, United Airlines Polaris Business and Polaris First, United Airlines United Club members, and private railcar owners and lessees when the car is being hauled by Amtrak.

Rental cars and car sharing

Budget Rent a Car, National, Avis, Alamo, and Hertz Rent A Car rent cars at counters in 30th Street Station.

Zipcar and PhillyCarShare vehicles are parked outside 30th Street Station, mostly in reserved parking spaces on the south side of the station or, during construction, in the controlled-access parking lot outside Cira Centre.

Gallery

Skylight Tracks 5 6 30th Street

Skylight above SEPTA tracks 5 & 6

30th Street Station concourse March 2019.jpeg

The station's grand concourse, in Art Deco style

30th Street Station interior, August 1976

Interior in August 1976

HAER-30thStreetStation-09

A bird's eye view (April 1977)

Philly 30th St. Station interior

Another view of the interior

Corinth 2

Corinthian columns of the portico

SpiritOfTransportation-by-KarlBitter

Spirit of Transportation (1895) by Karl Bitter

30th Street Station Solari board.jpeg

Solari board displaying train departure times, which was removed in January 2019

30th Street Station, Philadelphia P6170057 Amtrak Pennsylvanian

Lower level platforms

SEPTA trains at 30th Street Station upper level, March 2015

Upper level platforms

In popular culture

The station was featured in the 1981 film Blow Out, the 1983 film Trading Places, the 1985 film Witness, the 2000 film Unbreakable, the 2008 film The Happening, the 2010 video game Heavy Rain, Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. (season 2, episode 7), 2015 film The Visit, and the 2019 film Glass. The station also features in the opening credits of It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Philadelphia, PA (PHL): 30th Street Station". Amtrak. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  2. ^ "QUARTERLY RIDERSHIP TRENDS ANALYSIS" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 27, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Amtrak State Fact Sheet, FY2017, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017. Retrieved December 5, 2017.
  4. ^ "Fiscal Year 2018 Annual Service Plan" (PDF). setpa.org.
  5. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  6. ^ a b Teitelman, Edward & Longstreth, Richard W. (1981), Architecture in Philadelphia: A Guide, Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, ISBN 0262700212:186
  7. ^ "Pennsylvania Station – PHMC Historical Markerswork=Historical Marker Database". Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e Gallery, John Andrew, ed. (2004), Philadelphia Architecture: A Guide to the City (2nd ed.), Philadelphia: Foundation for Architecture, ISBN 0962290815, p.106
  9. ^ Kyriakodis, Harry (February 9, 2007). "The Subways, Railways and Stations of Philly: Written Material to Accompany a Mostly-Underground Tour from 30th Street Station to Market East station" (PDF). prrths.com. Pennsylvania Railroad Technical and Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 11, 2005.
  10. ^ a b Dunson, Edward (February 3, 1978). "30th Street Station" National Register of Historic Places Inventory—Nomination Form" (PDF). dot7.state.pa.us. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  11. ^ a b Saffron, Inga (December 11, 2018). "After talk with Philly congressman, Amtrak says it may keep flipboard at 30th Street Station". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  12. ^ "End of an era: Flipping board at 30th Street Station to be replaced in January". Philadelphia, PA: WPVI-TV. November 30, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  13. ^ "Philly Rallies to Save its Amtrak Station Flip Board - CityLab". 2018-12-13. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  14. ^ Hall, Gray (January 25, 2019). "Iconic 30th Street Station flip board heading to museum". Philadelphia, PA: WPVI-TV. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  15. ^ "Philadelphia's iconic 30th Street Station flip board removed". Philadelphia, PA: WPVI-TV. January 26, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  16. ^ "New digital Amtrak sign in operation at 30th Street Station". Philadelphia, PA: WPVI-TV. February 28, 2019. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  17. ^ Saffron, Inga (December 25, 2005). "Proposal calls for Ben Station: Renaming the 30th St. depot to honor Franklin is on the table". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Interstate General Media. Archived from the original on December 28, 2005.
  18. ^ a b "Family Entertainment Guide". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
  19. ^ Pub.L. 113–158, H.R. 4838, 128 Stat. 1838, enacted August 8, 2014
  20. ^ "30th Street Station Renames for Late Congressman". 6abc.com. WPVI-TV. August 9, 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  21. ^ a b "Amtrak 30th Street Station Parking Garage". BLTa.
  22. ^ a b "Arch Street Pedestrian Bridge". BLTa.
  23. ^ Saffron, Inga (March 7, 2003). "Subway riders get shortchanged at 30th St. Station". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
  24. ^ "30th Street Station". SEPTA. Retrieved 11 December 2018.

External links

30th Street

30th Street may refer to:

30th Street (San Diego), a major north-south road in San Diego, California

30th Street Station District, a proposed urban development in West Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

30th Street Station District

The 30th Street Station District, also referred to as the 30th Street District, is a proposed urban development located in West Philadelphia in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. The area will be home to eight modern skyscrapers or highrises ranging in heights between 1,200 ft and 405 ft with four other buildings (under 400 feet). The property, if approved and built will be owned by Amtrak and will be a major addition to the City of Philadelphia. The project is expected to cost between seven and eleven billion dollars.The project would be a huge addition to the city. Many believe that the project will provide a second downtown with some of the largest buildings not in Center City.Aside from adding new buildings to the skyline, architects have put in their plans to connect West Philadelphia to Center City by adding new walking paths, a walking bridge, and more connections to make traveling by car or bus from the 30th Street Station to downtown Philadelphia easier and faster. In addition, the placement of the current phase of construction would allow expansion north towards the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Philadelphia Zoo.

30th Street station (SEPTA Subway)

30th Street station is an underground SEPTA rapid transit and trolley station in Philadelphia. It serves the Market–Frankford Line and SEPTA Subway–Surface Trolley Lines. It is located on Market Street between 30th and 31st Streets in the University City neighborhood near the main 30th Street Station and Drexel University. The station features four tracks—two outer tracks for the Subway-Surface trolleys, and two inner tracks for the Market-Frankford subway trains. A free transfer is available between both services via a mezzanine level which provides access to all four tracks.

The underground station was originally built in 1956 as a replacement for the 32nd Street elevated station which opened in 1907. It is located ½ block southwest of the 30th Street Railway Station, which is served by Amtrak, SEPTA Regional Rail, and New Jersey Transit trains. An underground tunnel previously connected the two stations, but has been closed due to crime concerns. The only connection is above ground. The station was recently renovated, and has since become one of four accessible underground stations on the Market-Frankford Line in Center City. Accessibility features include an elevator in addition to a staircase.

30th Street station (disambiguation)

30th Street station may refer to:

30th Street Station, the main railroad station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

30th Street station (subway), an underground transit station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

30th Street Station District, a proposed urban development in West Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

30th Street (IRT Ninth Avenue Line), a former subway station in New York City, New York

30th Street and Dolores station, a light rail stop in San Francisco, California

Church and 30th Street station, a light rail stop in San Francisco, California

Atlantic City Express (Amtrak train)

The Atlantic City Express was an Amtrak train that ran from both New York City and Washington, D.C. to Atlantic City, New Jersey, in the Northeastern United States. The train operated on the Northeast Corridor from New York City and Washington, D.C. to 30th Street Station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where it went east to Atlantic City.

Atlantic City Line

The Atlantic City Line (ACL) is a commuter rail line operated by NJ Transit (NJT) in the United States between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Atlantic City, New Jersey, operating along the corridor of the White Horse Pike. It runs over trackage that was controlled by both the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) and the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines. It shares trackage with SEPTA and Amtrak on the Northeast Corridor (NEC) until it crosses the Delaware River on its own Delair Bridge into New Jersey. The Atlantic City Line also shares the right-of-way with the PATCO Speedline between Haddonfield and Lindenwold, New Jersey. There are 14 departures each day in each direction. Conrail also uses short sections of the line for freight movements (which are segregated), including the NEC-Delair Bridge section to its main freight yard in Camden, New Jersey. Unlike all other NJT railway lines, the Atlantic City line does not have traditional rush hour service. The Atlantic City line is colored dark blue on New Jersey Transit's system maps, and the line's symbol is a lighthouse.

Beginning on September 4, 2018, the line was shut down to install positive train control. Service will resume on May 24, 2019.

Broad Street Station (Philadelphia)

Broad Street Station at Broad & Market Streets was the primary passenger terminal for the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) in Philadelphia from 1881 to the 1950s. Located directly west of Philadelphia City Hall – 15th Street went under the station – the site is now occupied by the northwest section of Dilworth Park and the office towers of Penn Center.

Center City Commuter Connection

The Center City Commuter Connection, commonly referred to as "the commuter tunnel", is a passenger railroad tunnel in Center City, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, built to connect the stub ends of the two separate regional commuter rail systems, originally operated by two rival railroad companies: the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Reading Company. All of the SEPTA Regional Rail lines except for the Cynwyd Line pass completely through the four-track tunnel, which contains two underground stations, Suburban Station and Jefferson Station, and the above-ground upper-level concourse for the east-west commuter lines serving 30th Street Station.

Church and 30th Street station

Church and 30th Street is a light rail stop on the Muni Metro J Church line, located in the Noe Valley neighborhood of San Francisco, California. The stop is only served by inbound trains; outbound trains stop further north at Day Street. The stop has no platforms; passengers wait on the sidewalk on Church Street.

Cira Centre

The Cira Centre is a 29-story, 437-foot (133 m) office high-rise in the University City section of Philadelphia, across the street from Amtrak's 30th Street Station. Developed by Brandywine Realty Trust and designed by César Pelli, it was built in 2004-05 on a platform over rail tracks.

The building, a silver glass curtain wall skyscraper with 731,852 square feet (68,000 m2) of floor space, includes retail and restaurant space, a conference room, a nine-story parking garage and a pedestrian bridge that links the Cira Centre's lobby with 30th Street Station. The building's lighting, designed by Cline Bettridge Bernstein Lighting Design, includes a wall of LEDs on most of its facade that can change color to create various patterns and effects.

The Cira Centre built in a Keystone Opportunity Zone, a state-designated district established to combat urban decay (in this case, part of an underused railyard) by exempting tenants of new buildings from almost all state and local taxes. It was accused of cannibalizing Philadelphia's other skyscrapers by attracting Dechert LLP and other Philly-area tenants. But it did draw Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget (SCA), which moved to the city and made the Cira Centre its North American headquarters.

Cira Centre South

Cira Centre South is a complex of two skyscrapers in the University City district of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, which is across the Schuylkill River from Center City Philadelphia. The complex is between Walnut Street and Chestnut Street south of 30th Street Station and the Old Post Office Building.

The structure consists of two towers, the commercial and residential FMC Tower and the residential Evo Cira Centre South.. FMC Tower is a mixed-use “vertical neighborhood” consisting of offices, apartments, hotel rooms, retail and restaurants. Evo is specifically marketed towards graduate students and professionals, and rises a total of 33 floors and 430 feet. It was jointly developed by Brandywine Realty Trust, Campus Crest Communities, and Harrison Street Real Estate Capital.

Harrisburg Subdivision

The Harrisburg Subdivision is a railroad line owned by CSX Transportation in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The line is located in the city of Philadelphia, connecting Greenwich Yard and the Philadelphia Subdivision with the Trenton Subdivision along a former Pennsylvania Railroad line. Much of the Harrisburg Subdivision is the High Line or West Philadelphia Elevated along 31st Street over the 30th Street Station area.

The line begins at Greenwich Yard in South Philadelphia, where it meets the Philadelphia Belt Line Railroad. It heads west alongside the Delaware Expressway (Interstate 95) and then north along and partially elevated over 25th Street, turning west at Washington Avenue to cross the Schuylkill River on the Arsenal Bridge. At Arsenal Interlocking, on the west side of the Schuylkill, a branch runs southwest alongside Amtrak's Northeast Corridor to a junction with the Philadelphia Subdivision near Lindbergh Boulevard. The main line heads north from Arsenal, rises onto the elevated structure, and crosses to the west side of the Northeast Corridor. It heads north above 31st Street, finally touching down in the southeast approach to Zoo Interlocking. It leaves that interlocking to the north, staying on the west side of the Schuylkill, and ending at the Trenton Subdivision at Belmont.

Keystone Corridor

The Keystone Corridor is a 349-mile (562 km) railroad corridor between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, that consists of two rail lines: Amtrak's Philadelphia-to-Harrisburg main line, which also hosts SEPTA's Paoli/Thorndale Line commuter rail service; and the Norfolk Southern Pittsburgh Line. The corridor was originally the Main Line of the Pennsylvania Railroad.

Since 2006, the line has been one of the high-speed corridors designated by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA). The track from Lancaster to Parkesburg permits trains of up to 110 miles per hour (180 km/h), while the section between Paoli and Philadelphia allows 75 to 90 miles per hour (121 to 145 km/h).

Amtrak runs two intercity rail services along the Keystone Corridor: the Harrisburg-to-New York City Keystone Service and the Pittsburgh-to-New York City Pennsylvanian. SEPTA operates daily Paoli/Thorndale commuter rail service between Philadelphia and Thorndale on the Philadelphia-to-Harrisburg main line. The towns along this stretch form a socio-cultural region called the "Philadelphia Main Line".

The tracks from Pittsburgh to Harrisburg are owned and maintained by Norfolk Southern, which acquired them from Conrail. They include the famous Horseshoe Curve west of Altoona. The tracks between Harrisburg and Philadelphia are owned and maintained by Amtrak, and are the only part of the Keystone Corridor that is electrified. The tracks join the Northeast Corridor at Zoo Interlocking near the Philadelphia Zoo and 30th Street Station.

Keystone Service

Amtrak's 195-mile (314 km) Keystone Service provides frequent regional rail passenger train service along the Amtrak Philadelphia to Harrisburg Main Line between the Harrisburg Transportation Center in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and 30th Street Station in Philadelphia. Most trains continue along the Northeast Corridor (NEC) to Pennsylvania Station in New York.

Travel time between Harrisburg and New York is approximately 3 hours and 30 minutes, including 1 hour and 45 minutes to travel between Harrisburg and Philadelphia. There are also several express trains which cut both journey times by approximately 15 minutes.A few portions of the route consist of high-speed rail, where it reaches its max speed of 125 mph (201 km/h), making it one of the three high-speed rail services operated by Amtrak, and one of the four high-speed rail services in the United States.

It is Amtrak's fifth-busiest route, and the railroad's third-busiest in the NEC. In fiscal year 2016, the service carried 1.47 million passengers, an increase of 7.9% over FY2015. Total revenue in FY2016 was $41,123,787, an increase of 7.5% over FY2015.The route is primarily funded by PennDOT.

List of tallest buildings in Philadelphia

Philadelphia, the largest city in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, is home to 324 completed high-rise buildings up to 330 feet (100 m), and 52 completed or topped out skyscrapers of 330 feet (100 m) or taller, of which 31 are 400 feet (122 m) or taller and are listed below. The tallest building in the city is currently the 60-story Comcast Technology Center, which topped out at 1,121 feet (342 m) in Center City on November 27, 2017 with expected completion in 2018. Comcast Technology Center is the tallest building outside lower Manhattan and Chicago, currently ranking as the 9th-tallest building in the United States. The second-tallest building is the 58-story Comcast Center at 974 feet (297 m), while the third-tallest building is One Liberty Place, which rises 61 floors and 945 feet (288 m). One Liberty Place stood as the tallest building in Pennsylvania for over 20 years until the completion of Comcast Center in 2008. Overall, seven of the ten tallest buildings in Pennsylvania are in Philadelphia, with the remainder being in Pittsburgh. Philadelphia is one of only five American cities with two or more completed buildings over 900 feet (270 m) tall.Philadelphia's history of tall buildings is generally thought to have begun with the 1754 addition of the steeple to Christ Church, which was one of America's first high-rise structures. Through most of the 20th century, a "gentlemen's agreement" prevented buildings from rising higher than the 548-ft (167-m) Philadelphia City Hall. Despite this, Philadelphia amassed a large collection of high-rise buildings. The completion of One Liberty Place in 1987 broke the agreement, and Philadelphia has since seen the construction of eight skyscrapers that eclipse City Hall in height.

Philadelphia has twice held the tallest habitable building in North America, first with Christ Church, then with City Hall. The latter reigned as the world's tallest building from 1894 to 1908, and is currently the world's second-tallest masonry building, only 1.6 feet (0.49 m) shorter than Mole Antonelliana in Turin. Like other large American cities, Philadelphia went through a massive building boom in the 1970s and 1980s, resulting in the completion of over 20 high-rise buildings.

As of November 2017, there are several major high-rise construction projects underway in Philadelphia. The largest project is the Comcast Technology Center, which began construction in 2014 and has an expected completion in 2018. The Comcast Technology Center surpassed the Comcast Center by 147 feet (45 m) when it topped out on November 27, 2017. Other projects include the W Hotel & Element by Westin at 1441 Chestnut Street in Center City, a Children's Hospital of Philadelphia tower in the Schuylkill neighborhood, and The Alexander apartments building in Logan Square.

Schuylkill Yards

Schuylkill Yards is a proposed development project for West Philadelphia. The project was announced in a press conference in March 2016. The project is being designed by SHoP Architects and West 8. The development will include six buildings, with groundbreaking to occur in 2016.Schuylkill Yards is the first step in a broader plan for the area around the Drexel University campus and 30th Street Station, which is being planned with Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.

Split-flap display

A split-flap display, or sometimes simply flap display, is an electromechanical display device that presents changeable alphanumeric text, and occasionally fixed graphics.

Often used as a public transport timetable in airports or railway stations, as such they are often called Solari boards after display manufacturer Solari di Udine, of Udine, Italy, or in Central European countries they are called Pragotron after the Czech manufacturer.

Split-flap displays were once commonly used in consumer alarm clocks known as flip clocks.

Suburban Station

Suburban Station is an art deco office building and underground commuter rail station in Penn Center, Philadelphia. Its official SEPTA address is 16th Street and JFK Boulevard. The station is owned and operated by SEPTA and is one of the three core Center City stations on SEPTA Regional Rail. The station was built by the Pennsylvania Railroad to replace the original Broad Street Station and opened on September 28, 1930.

University City station

University City station is a train station in the University City section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on the SEPTA Regional Rail system. The station serves the area around the University of Pennsylvania, and is located at South Street and Convention Avenue. Located on the Media/Elwyn Line, it serves the Airport, Wilmington/Newark, Media/Elwyn, Manayunk/Norristown, Warminster, and West Trenton Regional Rail services. In 2013, this station saw 3091 boardings and 2950 alightings on an average weekday.The station is less than a block from the University of Pennsylvania's Franklin Field and the Palestra. In addition to the University of Pennsylvania campus, it is convenient to the medical campuses of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. The Drexel University campus, and the Graduate Hospital campus and neighborhood across the Schuylkill River are also nearby and easily accessible.

Services
Preceding station BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak Following station
Wilmington Acela Express Trenton
Vermonter Trenton
toward St. Albans
Wilmington
toward Chicago
Cardinal Trenton
toward New York
Wilmington
toward Charlotte
Carolinian
Wilmington Crescent
Wilmington
toward Savannah
Palmetto
Paoli
toward Pittsburgh
Pennsylvanian
Wilmington
toward Miami
Silver Meteor
Silver Star
Ardmore
toward Harrisburg
Keystone Service North Philadelphia
toward New York
Wilmington Northeast Regional North Philadelphia
Preceding station SEPTA.svg SEPTA Following station
University City
toward Airport
Airport Line Suburban Station
toward Glenside
North Philadelphia Chestnut Hill West Line Suburban Station
University City
toward Elwyn
Media/Elwyn Line
Overbrook
toward Thorndale
Paoli/​Thorndale Line
North Philadelphia
toward Trenton
Trenton Line
University City
toward Newark
Wilmington/​Newark Line
Wynnefield Avenue
toward Cynwyd
Cynwyd Line Suburban Station
Terminus
Terminus Chestnut Hill East Line Suburban Station
Fox Chase Line Suburban Station
toward Fox Chase
Lansdale/​Doylestown Line Suburban Station
toward Doylestown
University City
Terminus
Manayunk/​Norristown Line Suburban Station
toward Elm Street
Warminster Line Suburban Station
toward Warminster
West Trenton Line Suburban Station
Preceding station NJT logo.svg NJ Transit Following station
Terminus Atlantic City Line Pennsauken
Former services
Preceding station SEPTA.svg SEPTA Following station
52nd Street
toward Thorndale
Paoli/​Thorndale Line Suburban Station
52nd Street
toward Cynwyd
Cynwyd Line Suburban Station
Terminus
Preceding station Pennsylvania Railroad Following station
52nd Street
toward Chicago
Main Line North Philadelphia
Glenolden Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad Terminus
52nd Street
toward Hawes Avenue
Schuylkill Branch Suburban Station
Terminus
52nd Street
toward Paoli
Paoli Line
49th Street West Chester Branch
Darby
toward Wilmington
Wilmington Line
Zoological Garden Chestnut Hill Line
Zoological Garden
toward Trenton
Trenton Line
City Transit Division
Suburban Division
     Regional Rail
Major stations
Former services
Miscellaneous
Topics
Lists by county
Lists by city
Other lists
Hoboken Division
Newark Division
Connections
Current rolling stock
Bridges and tunnels
Stations and yards
Proposed lines
Other topics
Atlantic City Line
Bergen County Line
Gladstone Branch
Lackawanna Cut-Off
Main Line
Meadowlands
Montclair-Boonton Line
Morristown Line
North Jersey Coast Line
Northeast Corridor Line
Pascack Valley Line
Raritan Valley Line
West Trenton Line
Historical train terminals in Philadelphia
Extant
Defunct

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