The 307th Infantry Regiment was a National Army unit first organized for service in World War I as part of the 77th Infantry Division in Europe. It later served in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Since then it has served as a training Regiment. In 1999, it was withdrawn from the Combat Arms Regimental System and redesignated as a non-branch regiment. The regiment's 1st Battalion is assigned to the 174th Infantry Brigade at Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, with the 2nd Battalion is assigned to the 157th Infantry Brigade at Camp Atterbury, Indiana.
|307th Infantry Regiment|
Regimental Distinctive Unit Insignia
|Part of||174th Infantry Brigade|
|Garrison/HQ||Fort Dix, New Jersey|
|Motto(s)||CLEAR THE WAY|
|Anniversaries||Constituted 5 August 1917 in the National Army|
|Decorations||Philippine Presidential Unit Citation|
Presidential Unit Citation
Army Superior Unit Award
Army Superior Unit Award
|Battle honours||World War I|
World War II
The 1st Battalion is currently serving at Fort Dix, New Jersey under command of the 174th Infantry Brigade training Army Reserve and Army National Guard Soldiers for service in support of the Global War on Terror and specializes in training Infantry Soldiers. The 2nd Battalion is stationed at Camp Atterbury, Indiana and concentrates on training Field Artillery units under the command of the 157th Infantry Brigade.
The Regiment was constituted 5 August 1917 in the National Army as the 307th Infantry and assigned to the 154th Infantry Brigade of the 77th Division. It was organized at Camp Upton, New York on 29 August 1917. The Regiment participated in the following campaigns: Oise-Aisne, Meuse-Argonne, Champagne, and Lorraine. Company K was a member of the "Lost Battalion". The commander of Company K, Captain Nelson M. Holderman was awarded the Medal of Honor. After completing its war service in France, the Regiment sailed to New York City aboard the U.S.S. America. The Regiment demobilized at Camp Upton on 9 May 1919.
The Regiment was reconstituted in the Organized Reserves as the 307th Infantry on 24 June 1921 and reassigned to the 77th Division (later redesignated as the 77th Infantry Division) within the II Corps area. It was actually organized in August 1921 with the entire Regiment located in New York, New York. The 307th conducted summer training most years with the 16th and 18th Infantry Regiments at Camp Dix, New Jersey, or Fort Slocum, New York, and some years with the 26th Infantry Regiment at Plattsburg Barracks, New York. Also conducted infantry Citizens Military Training Camp (CMTC) training some years at Camp Dix and Plattsburg Barracks as an alternate form of summer training. The primary ROTC feeder schools were the College of the City of New York and New York University. The Regimental designated mobilization training station was Camp Dix.
Ordered into active military service 25 March 1942 and reorganized at Fort Jackson, South Carolina. The Regiment participated in the January 1943 Louisiana Maneuvers. In July 1943, the Regiment was organized with 3,256 Officers and enlisted men:
The Regiment departed San Francisco on 23 March 1944 and arrived in Hawaii on 1 April. The 307th first saw combat during the liberation of Guam in July, 1944. The 307th served in the liberation of the Philippines, arriving on 23 November 1944. The 2nd Battalion was detached for duty on Samar from 30 November until 14 December. The Regiment assaulted Yakabi Shima on 26 March and Company G assaulted Kuba Shima on 27 March. The regiment fought on Okinawa from 27 April though 27 June. Arrived in Japan for occupation duties on 5 October 1945 and inactivated there 15 March 1946.
Activated 17 December 1946 in the Organized Reserves with Headquarters in the Bronx, New York. In May 1959 the Regiment was reorganized as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System to consist of the 1st Battle Group, an element of the 77th Infantry Division under the Pentomic division design. After adoption of the ROAD program, the Regiment was reorganized on 26 March 1963 to consist of the 1st and 2d Battalions, subordinate elements of the 77th Infantry Division. The 1st and 2d Battalions were inactivated 30 December 1965 and relieved from assignment to the 77th Infantry Division.
The 307th Infantry was withdrawn 17 October 1999 from the Combat Arms Regimental System, redesignated as the 307th Regiment, and reorganized to consist of the 1st, 2d, and 3d Battalions, elements of the 87th Division (Training Support). The 1st, 2d, and 3d Battalions were concurrently allotted to the Regular Army.
On 15 December 2009 all three Battalions were relieved from assignment to the 87th Division (Training Support). 1st Battalion was then assigned to the 174th Infantry Brigade and is currently stationed at Fort Dix, New Jersey.
|World War I
|World War II
|Leyte (with Arrowhead)||1944|
307th may refer to:
307th (RHA) (South Nottinghamshire Hussars Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, unit of the British Army formed as volunteer cavalry in 1794
307th Air Division, inactive United States Air Force organization
307th Air Refueling Squadron, inactive United States Air Force unit
307th Bomb Wing, Air Reserve Component (ARC) of the United States Air Force
307th Bombardment Squadron, (later 501st Fighter-Bomber Squadron), 10 February 1942 – 1 May 1944
307th Cavalry Regiment (United States), cavalry unit of the United States Army during World War I and the interwar period
307th Fighter Squadron, part of Air Force Reserve Command's 414th Fighter Group stationed at Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, North Carolina
307th Hospital of Chinese People’s Liberation Army (Chinese: 307医院), is a hospital in China
307th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom) (307 Bde) was a formation of the British Army from surplus Royal Artillery personnel retrained as infantry
307th Infantry Regiment (United States), National Army unit first organized for service in World War I as part of the 77th Infantry Division in Europe
307th Marine Battalion, navy branch of the Romanian Armed Forces, operating in the Black Sea and on the Danube
307th Operations Group, Air Reserve Component (ARC) of the United States Air Force
307th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), raised in 1941 as a standard Red Army rifle division
307th Troop Carrier Squadron, USAF squadron activated as an operational training unit (OTU) in March 1943