2nd Battalion, 1st Marines

2nd Battalion, 1st Marines (2/1) is an infantry battalion in the United States Marine Corps based out of Camp Horno on Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California. Nicknamed "The Professionals," the battalion consists of approximately 1,200 Marines and Sailors. Normally they fall under the command of 1st Marine Regiment and the 1st Marine Division.

2nd Battalion, 1st Marines
2-1 Logo
2nd Battalion, 1st Marines insignia
Active
  • August 1, 1922 – July 20, 1924
  • March 1, 1941 – October 31, 1947
  • August 4, 1950 – January 24, 1989
  • September 9, 1994 – present
CountryUnited States
BranchUSMC
TypeLight infantry
RoleLocate, close with and destroy the enemy by fire and maneuver
Size1,200
Part of1st Marine Regiment
1st Marine Division
Garrison/HQMarine Corps Base Camp Pendleton
Nickname(s)The Professionals, Ghost Battalion
Motto(s)No Better Friend, No Worse Enemy Gunsmoke
EngagementsWorld War II

Korean War

Vietnam War
War on Terror

Commanders
Current
commander
LtCol John M. Hunt
Notable
commanders
James M. Masters, Sr.
Edwin A. Pollock
William W. Stickney
Charles F. Widdecke
Archie Van Winkle
William G. Leftwich, Jr.
Peter Pace

Subordinate units

History

  • Activated August 1, 1922, at Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, as the 2nd Battalion, 1st Regiment and assigned to the 2d Brigade.
  • Participated in the occupation of the Dominican Republic, Deactivated July 20, 1924

World War II

Ww2 158
Two Marines, Davis P. Hargraves with Thompson submachine gun and Gabriel Chavarria with BAR, of 2nd Battalion, 1st Marines, advance on Wana Ridge on May 18, 1945.
Thanksgiving Cake, Guadalcanal, 1942 (8161922801)
Lt. Colonel William W. Stickney cuts a Thanksgiving cake with a Japanese officer's sword at Guadalcanal, as hungry Leathernecks look on.

Korean War and early 1960s

  • Reactivated August 4, 1950, at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, and assigned to the 1st Marine Division, Fleet Marine Force
  • Deployed during August 1950 to Kobe, Japan
  • Participated in the Korean War, September 1950 – July 1953,
  • Relocated during April 1955 to Camp Pendleton, California
  • Participated in the Battalion transplacement system between the 1st Marine Division and the 3d Marine Division
  • Participated in the Cuban Missile Crisis, October–December 1962

Vietnam War

  • Detached during April 1971 from the 1st Marine Division, and reassigned to the 3rd Marine Amphibious Brigade, Fleet Marine Force
  • Relocated during June 1971 to Camp Pendleton, CA, and reassigned to the 1st Marine Division, Fleet Marine Force

Post War and the 1980s

  • Participated during April – May 1975 in Operation New Arrivals, the relocation of refugees from Indochina
  • Participated in the Battalion rotation between the 3rd Marine Division on Okinawa and Divisions stationed in the United States during the 1980s
  • Deactivated January 24, 1989
  • Reactivated September 9, 1994, at Camp Pendleton, CA, and assigned to the 1st Marine Division.

Global War on Terrorism

2nd Battalion 1st Marines Firefight in Fallujah 2004
Marines from Echo Company passing the body of an alleged Iraqi insurgent during the First Battle of Fallujah.

As part of the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit, the battalion deployed to Kuwait in February 2003, and participated in the invasion of Iraq in March 2003. The battalion deployed in March 2004, to Fallujah, Iraq and took part in Operation Vigilant Resolve. They returned to Iraq in 2005 with the 13th Marine Expeditionary Unit and engaged in combat operations during Operation Steel Curtain in Husaybah, Karabilah, and New Ubaydi, and Operation Iron Hammer in Hit. The battalion deployed to Okinawa to serve as the Ground Combat Unit for the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit from January 1, 2007, until January 1, 2008. The battalion deployed to Iraq in January 2009 and returned in August of the same year.

The battalion deployed to Afghanistan in October 2010 through May 15, 2011, in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. They operated in the Garmsir District, Helmand Province. In June 2012, the battalion returned to Okinawa as the Ground Combat Element for the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit. In March 2014, 2/1 deployed as the Ground Combat Element of the 11th MEU.

Marines conduct physical training aboard USS Makin
Marines with Golf Company, Battalion Landing Team 2nd Battalion, 1st Marines, 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit, conduct daily morning section physical training on the flight deck of the USS Makin Island during Amphibious Squadron Marine Expeditionary Unit Integration (PMINT), off the coast of San Diego, California, in April 2014. (U.S. Marine Corps photo by Gunnery Sgt. Rome M. Lazarus/Released)

Unit awards

A unit citation or commendation is an award bestowed upon an organization for the action cited. Members of the unit who participated in said actions are allowed to wear on their uniforms the awarded unit citation. 2/1 has been presented with the following awards:

Ribbon Unit Award
United States Navy Presidential Unit Citation ribbon
Presidential Unit Citation with one Silver and four Bronze Stars
U.S. Navy Unit Commendation ribbon
Navy Unit Commendation with three Bronze Stars
Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation ribbon
Meritorious Unit Commendation with four Bronze Stars
Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal ribbon
Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal
American Defense Service Medal ribbon
American Defense Service Medal with one Bronze Star
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal ribbon
  Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one Silver and one Bronze Star
World War II Victory Medal ribbon
World War II Victory Medal
Army of Occupation ribbon
Navy Occupation Service Medal with Asia clasp
China Service Medal ribbon
China Service Medal
National Defense Service Medal ribbon
National Defense Service Medal with three Bronze Stars
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal ribbon
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
Vietnam Service Medal ribbon
Vietnam Service Medal with two Silver and three Bronze Stars
Presidential Unit Citation (Korea)
Korean Presidential unit Citation
Vietnam gallantry cross unit award-3d
Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm Streamer
VNCivilActionsRibbon-2
Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation Civil Action Medal
Afghanistan Campaign Medal ribbon
Afghanistan Campaign Medal with one Bronze Star
Iraq Campaign Medal ribbon
Iraq Campaign Medal with three Bronze Stars
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal ribbon
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal ribbon
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Korea Defense Service Medal ribbon
Korea Defense Service Medal
NATO Non-Article 5 medal for ISAF

Notable former members

See also

External links

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
Web
  1. ^ Shulimson, Jack; LtCol. Leonard Blasiol; Charles R. Smith; Capt. David A. Dawson (1997). U.S. Marines in Vietnam: 1968, the Defining Year. History and Museums Division, USMC. p. 65-69.
  2. ^ Shulimson, p.160-175
  3. ^ Telfer, Gary (1984). U.S. Marines in Vietnam, Fighting the North Vietnamese 1967. History and Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps. p. 52.
  4. ^ Telfer, p.141
  5. ^ Telfer, p.180-181
  6. ^ Shulimson, p. 723
  7. ^ Shulimson, p. 232
  8. ^ Shulimson, p. 316-320
Dreamland (Fallujah, Iraq)

Camp Baharia, also known as Dreamland or FOB Volturno, was a U.S. military installation that was located just outside the city of Fallujah, Iraq. It was the smaller of two major U.S. military bases maintained just outside the Fallujah city limits, during the Iraq War.

Frank J. Breth

Frank J. Breth (1937–2003) was a United States Marine Corps brigadier general who was the Commanding General, Marine Corps Recruit Depot and the Western Recruiting Region, San Diego, California.

List of Italian-American Medal of Honor recipients

The following is a list of Italian-American soldiers, sailors, airmen and marines who were awarded the American military's highest decoration — the Medal of Honor. The Medal of Honor is bestowed "for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of life, above and beyond the call of duty, in actual combat against an armed enemy force." The medal is awarded by the President of the United States on behalf of the Congress.

List of Korean War Medal of Honor recipients

This list represents all of the 145 United States military personnel who received the Medal of Honor for valor in combat during the Korean War. 103 Medals of Honor were awarded posthumously.

The Korean War was an escalation of border clashes between two rival Korean regimes (each of which was supported by external powers) with each Korean regime trying to topple the other through political and guerrilla tactics. In a very narrow sense, some may refer to it as a civil war, though many other factors were at play. After failing to strengthen their cause in the free elections held in South Korea during May 1950 and the refusal of South Korea to hold new elections per North Korean demands, the communist North Korean Army moved south on June 25, 1950 to attempt to reunite the Korean peninsula, which had been formally divided since 1948. The conflict was then expanded by the United States and the Soviet Union's involvement as part of the larger Cold War. The main hostilities were during the period from June 25, 1950 until the armistice was signed on July 27, 1953.

List of allied military operations of the Vietnam War (1967)

This article is a list of known military operations of the Vietnam War in 1967, conducted by the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam, the United States and their allies.

List of allied military operations of the Vietnam War (M–S)

This article is a list of known military operations of the Vietnam War, a war fought by the United States to try to stop communism in Southeast Asia, conducted by the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam, the United States and allies consisting of Australia, New Zealand, Thailand, South Korea, and the Philippines. This is not a complete list. Operations are currently listed alphabetically, but are being progressively reorganised as a chronology.

Operation Harvest Moon

Operation Harvest Moon/Lien Ket 18 was a US Marine Corps and Army of the Republic of Vietnam search and destroy operation in the Quế Sơn Valley in western Quảng Tín Province, lasting from 8 to 20 December 1965.

Operation Jay

Operation Jay was a U.S. Marine Corps and Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) search and destroy operation on the Street Without Joy, northern Thừa Thiên Province, lasting from 25 June to 2 July 1966.

Operation Medina

Operation Medina was a search and destroy operation conducted from 11–20 October 1967 in the Hải Lăng Forest Reserve south of Quảng Trị, South Vietnam.

Operation New York

Operation New York was a US Marine Corps operation that took place northwest and east of Phu Bai Combat Base, lasting from 26 February to 3 March 1966.

Operation Oregon

Operation Oregon was a US Marine Corps operation that took place on the Street Without Joy approximately 36km northwest of Huế, lasting from 19 to 23 March 1966.

Operation Osceola

Operation Osceola was a security operation around the Quảng Trị Combat Base, Quảng Trị Province, South Vietnam from 20 October 1967 to 16 February 1968.

Operation Pipestone Canyon

Operation Pipestone Canyon was a US Marine Corps, Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) and Republic of Korea Marine Corps (ROKMC) operation that took place on Go Noi Island, Quảng Nam Province, lasting from 26 May to 7 November 1969.

Operation Scotland II

Operation Scotland II was a U.S. Marine Corps security operation that took place in northwest Quảng Trị Province from 15 April 1968 to 28 February 1969.

Operation Union

Operation Union was a search and destroy mission in the Que Son Valley carried out by the 1st Marine Regiment from 21 April to 16 May 1967. The object of the operation was to engage the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) 2nd Division.

Robert Emmett O'Malley

Robert Emmett O'Malley (born June 3, 1943) is a former United States Marine who was the first Marine Corps recipient of the Medal of Honor — the United States' highest military decoration — in the Vietnam War. He received the medal for his actions as a corporal on August 18, 1965, during Operation Starlite.

Robert Leckie (author)

Robert Leckie (December 18, 1920 – December 24, 2001) was an American author of books on United States military history, sports, fiction, autobiographies, and children's books. As a young man, he served in the Marine Corps with the 1st Marine Division during World War II; his service as a machine gunner and a scout in the war greatly influenced his work.

Sidney Phillips

Sidney Clarke Phillips, Jr. (September 2, 1924 – September 26, 2015) was a family practice physician from Mobile, Alabama, who provided source material and interviews for the making of Ken Burns' PBS documentary film The War and the HBO miniseries The Pacific. His recollections revolve around his time as a young man fighting in the Pacific War as a United States Marine.

William G. Leftwich Jr.

William Groom Leftwich Jr. (April 28, 1931 – November 18, 1970) was an officer of the United States Marine Corps who served during the Vietnam War. In 1970, he was killed in a helicopter crash during a combat mission in the Vietnam War.

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