During the 29th Academy Awards, the regular competitive category of Best Foreign Language Film was introduced, instead of only being recognized as a Special Achievement Award or as a Best Picture nominee (as in 1938). The first winner in this new category was Federico Fellini's La Strada with Anthony Quinn and a second nomination for Best Original Screenplay. Its win would help spur an interest in foreign-language films. Another Fellini film, Nights of Cabiria would win the Best Foreign Language Film Oscar in the following year.
This was also the first year that all of the five Best Picture nominees were in color. It was also the first Oscar telecast to be videotaped for later broadcast, especially for those network affiliates that didn't want to broadcast the event live.
All of the major awards winners were large-scale epics – Mike Todd's Around the World in 80 Days, The King and I, Anastasia, George Stevens' Giant, Cecil B. DeMille's The Ten Commandments (the highest-grossing film of the year), King Vidor's War and Peace and William Wyler's Friendly Persuasion. And the trend toward blockbusters and colorful spectaculars was established for years to come, with The Bridge on the River Kwai, Gigi, and Ben-Hur being subsequent Best Picture champions.
The Best Original Story category had two interesting quirks this year. First, the Oscar for Best Original Story for The Brave One was awarded to Robert Rich, a pseudonym of Dalton Trumbo, who was blacklisted at the time and thus unable to receive credit under his own name. Second, Edward Bernds and Elwood Ullman withdrew their names from consideration in this category for their work on High Society, as the nomination had been intended for the musical starring Grace Kelly, while Bernds and Ullman had instead written a Bowery Boys film of the same name. In fact, the nomination was a double mistake, as High Society was based on the play and film The Philadelphia Story and probably would not have qualified as an original story anyway.
James Dean became the only actor to receive a second posthumous – and consecutive – nomination for acting.
Ingrid Bergman was not present to collect her award for Best Actress: Cary Grant accepted it on her behalf. She did, however, list the nominees for Best Director via a pre-recorded segment from a rooftop in Paris. The winner was announced by host Jerry Lewis.
This was the second time since the introduction of the Supporting Actor and Actress awards that Best Picture, Best Director, and all four acting Oscars were given to different films. This would not happen again until the 78th Academy Awards. Around the World in 80 Days became the sixth film to win Best Picture without any acting nominations.
|29th Academy Awards|
|Date||March 27, 1957|
|Site||RKO Pantages Theatre|
NBC Century Theatre
New York City, New York
|Hosted by||Jerry Lewis|
|Produced by||Valentine Davies|
|Directed by||Bill Bennington|
|Best Picture||Around the World in 80 Days|
|Most awards||Around the World in 80 Days and The King and I (5)|
|Most nominations||Giant (10)|
|TV in the United States|
Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.
|Best Motion Picture||Best Director|
|Best Actor||Best Actress|
|Best Supporting Actor||Best Supporting Actress|
|Best Screenplay - Original||Best Screenplay - Adapted|
|Best Story||Best Foreign Language Film|
|Best Documentary Feature||Best Documentary Short Subject|
|Best Live Action Short Subject, One-Reel||Best Live Action Short Subject, Two-Reel|
|Best Short Subject – Cartoons||Best Music Score of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture|
|Best Scoring of a Musical Picture||Best Song|
|Best Sound Recording||Best Art Direction, Black-and-White|
|Best Art Direction, Color||Best Cinematography, Black-and-White|
|Best Cinematography, Color||Best Costume Design, Black-and-White|
|Best Costume Design, Color||Best Film Editing|
|Best Special Effects|
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
Events in 1957 in animation.28th Academy Awards
The 28th Academy Awards were presented at the RKO Pantages Theatre in Los Angeles, California. Marty, a simple and low-budget film usually uncharacteristic of Best Picture awardees, became the shortest film (as well as the second Palme d'Or winner) to win the top honor.
This was the final year in which the Best Foreign Language Film was a Special/Honorary award. Beginning with the 29th Academy Awards, it became a competitive category.Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
The Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film is one of the Academy Awards handed out annually by the U.S.-based Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States of America with a predominantly non-English dialogue track.When the first Academy Awards ceremony was held on May 16, 1929, to honor films released in 1927/28, there was no separate category for foreign language films. Between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented Special/Honorary Awards to the best foreign language films released in the United States. These awards, however, were not handed out on a regular basis (no award was given in 1953), and were not competitive since there were no nominees but simply one winning film per year. For the 1956 (29th) Academy Awards, a competitive Academy Award of Merit, known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, was created for non-English speaking films, and has been given annually since then.
Unlike other Academy Awards, the Best Foreign Language Film Award is not presented to a specific individual. It is accepted by the winning film's director, but is considered an award for the submitting country as a whole. Over the years, the Best Foreign Language Film Award and its predecessors have been given almost exclusively to European films: out of the sixty-eight awards handed out by the Academy since 1947 to foreign language films, fifty-seven have gone to European films, seven to Asian films, five to films from the Americas and three to African films. Italian filmmaker Federico Fellini directed four Best Foreign Language Film Academy Award–winning motion pictures during his lifetime, a record that remains unmatched as of 2015 (if Special Awards are taken into account, then Fellini's record is tied by his countryman Vittorio De Sica).
The most awarded foreign country is Italy, with 14 awards won (including three Special Awards) and 28 nominations, while France is the foreign country with the largest number of nominations (37 for 12 wins, including three Special Awards). Israel is the foreign country with the largest number of nominations (10) without winning an award, while Portugal has the largest number of submissions (34) without a nomination.Afternoon of the Bulls
Afternoon of the Bulls (Spanish: Tarde de toros) is a 1956 Spanish drama film directed by Ladislao Vajda. It was entered into the 1956 Cannes Film Festival. The film was selected as the Spanish entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 29th Academy Awards.Child of Sorrow (film)
Child of Sorrow (Tagalog: Anak Dalita; also known as The Ruins) is a 1956 Philippine crime film directed by Lamberto V. Avellana. The film was selected as the Philippine entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 29th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. The film won the Best Film Award at the Asia-Pacific Film Festival.Crashing the Water Barrier
Crashing the Water Barrier is a 1956 American short documentary film directed by Konstantin Kalser. It won an Oscar at the 29th Academy Awards in 1957 for Best Short Subject (One-Reel).Gervaise (film)
Gervaise is a 1956 French film directed by René Clément based on the novel L'Assommoir by Émile Zola. It depicts a working-class woman in the mid-nineteenth century (played by Maria Schell) trying to cope with the descent of her husband (played by François Périer) into alcoholism. The film was nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 29th Academy Awards. Schell won the Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the 1956 Venice Film Festival for her performance.Helmut Käutner
Helmut Käutner (born 25 March 1908 in Düsseldorf, Germany; died 20 April 1980 in Castellina in Chianti, Italy) was a German film director active mainly in the 1940s and 1950s. He began his career at the end of the Weimar Republic and had released his first major films in Nazi Germany.
His 1956 film Der Hauptmann von Köpenick was nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 29th Academy Awards. Three years later, his film The Rest Is Silence was entered into the 9th Berlin International Film Festival.Irving G. Ries
Irving G. Ries (January 15, 1890 – August 20, 1963) was a silent-era cinematographer who went on to do special effects during the sound era. He often worked with Stan Laurel when he was a cinematographer. As well as a few Oliver Hardy short films.
He also did the first film they worked together on The Lucky Dog.
He was nominated at the 29th Academy Awards in the category of Best Special Effects for his work on the film Forbidden Planet. He shared his nomination with A. Arnold Gillespie and Wesley C. Miller.Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
The Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award is awarded periodically by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) at the Governors Awards ceremonies for an individual's "outstanding contributions to humanitarian causes". The award category was instituted in 1956 and first awarded at the 29th Academy Awards, in March 1957. Unlike the Academy Award of Merit, the nomination and voting for this award are restricted to members of the Board of Governors of AMPAS.List of submissions to the 29th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
In 1956, the American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) asked individual countries to submit their best films of the year for the inaugural Best Foreign Language Film Oscar. In previous years, the Foreign Language Oscar was not a regular award, and there were no nominees – a winner was simply announced at the Oscar ceremony.
Eight countries from Western Europe and East Asia submitted films for consideration for the first award, and five of these were selected as Oscar nominees.
The inaugural winner, Italy's La Strada, was announced at the Oscar ceremony, which took place on March 27, 1957.Maria De Matteis
Maria De Matteis (March 6, 1898 – December 9, 1988) was an Italian costume designer. She was nominated at the 29th Academy Awards for Best Costumes-Color for the film War and Peace.She worked on over 90 films from 1937 to 1985.Stagecoach to Fury
Stagecoach to Fury is a 1956 American Western film directed by William Claxton and starring Forrest Tucker and Mari Blanchard. It was the first film from Robert L. Lippert's Regal films; the B picture unit of 20th Century Fox set up to provide second features shot in CinemaScope.The film, with exteriors shot around Kanab, Utah was nominated for an Academy Award for black-and-white cinematography for the 29th Academy Awards.
Others in the film include Wallace Ford as Judge Lester Farrell, Ellen Corby as Sarah Farrell, Wright King as Ralph Slader, Paul Fix as Tim O'Connors, and Rodolfo Hoyos, Jr., as Lorenzo Gracia.The Bespoke Overcoat
The Bespoke Overcoat is a 1956 British short film directed by Jack Clayton, based on a 1953 play of the same name by Wolf Mankowitz. The story is an adaptation of Nikolai Gogol's short story The Overcoat with the action moved from Russia to the East End of London. In this version the protagonists are poor Jews working in the clothing trade. It won an Oscar at the 29th Academy Awards in 1957 for Best Short Subject (Two-Reel). The play was performed at the Arts Theatre in London with Kossoff and Bass and was directed by Alec Clunes. The supporting cast was Harold Kasket and Oscar Quitak.The Captain from Köpenick (1956 film)
The Captain from Köpenick (German: Der Hauptmann von Köpenick) is a 1956 West German film directed by Helmut Käutner and based upon the play The Captain of Köpenick by Carl Zuckmayer. The play was based on the true story of Wilhelm Voigt, a German impostor who masqueraded as a Prussian military officer in 1906 and became famous as the Captain of Köpenick. It was nominated for the 29th Academy Awards in the category Best Foreign Language Film.
It was shot by Real Film at the Wandsbek Studios in Hamburg.The Harder They Fall
The Harder They Fall is a 1956 boxing film noir directed by Mark Robson and based on Budd Schulberg's 1947 novel. It marked Humphrey Bogart's final film role. The film was nominated for Best Cinematography, Black and White for Burnett Guffey at the 29th Academy Awards. Joseph Ruttenberg for Somebody Up There Likes Me, however, got the award.The Staffan Stolle Story
The Staffan Stolle Story (Swedish: Ratataa eller The Staffan Stolle Story) is a 1956 Swedish musical comedy film directed by Hasse Ekman. The film was selected as the Swedish entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 29th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. The film stars Povel Ramel in a leading role, and features many scenes where Ramel performs musical numbers.The True Story of the Civil War
The True Story of the Civil War is a 1956 American short documentary film directed by Louis Clyde Stoumen. In 1957, it won an Oscar for Documentary Short Subject at the 29th Academy Awards. The Academy Film Archive preserved The True Story of the Civil War in 2005.Time Stood Still (film)
Time Stood Still is a 1956 Warner Brothers Scope Gem travelogue, filmed the previous year in Dinkelsbühl, and presented in the wide-screen format of CinemaScope. Filmmaker André de la Varre handled a great many of that studio’s documentary shorts of the forties and fifties.
It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film at the 29th Academy Awards.
|Awards of Merit|