The 28th Academy Awards were presented at the RKO Pantages Theatre in Los Angeles, California. Marty, a simple and low-budget film usually uncharacteristic of Best Picture awardees, became the shortest film (as well as the second Palme d'Or winner) to win the top honor.
|28th Academy Awards|
|Date||March 21, 1956|
|Site||RKO Pantages Theatre, |
NBC Century Theatre
New York City, New York
|Hosted by||Jerry Lewis (Los Angeles), |
Claudette Colbert (New York) and
Joseph L. Mankiewicz (New York)
|Produced by||Robert Emmett Dolan|
|Directed by||George Seaton|
|Most awards||Marty (4)|
|Most nominations||Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing, Marty, and The Rose Tattoo (8)|
|TV in the United States|
Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.
|Best Motion Picture||Best Director|
|Best Actor||Best Actress|
|Best Supporting Actor||Best Supporting Actress|
|Best Screenplay||Best Story and Screenplay|
|Best Motion Picture Story||Best Short Subject – Cartoons|
|Best Documentary Feature||Best Documentary Short Subject|
|Best Live Action Short Subject, One-Reel||Best Live Action Short Subject, Two-Reel|
|Best Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture||Best Scoring of a Musical Picture|
|Best Song||Best Sound Recording|
|Best Art Direction, Black-and-White||Best Art Direction, Color|
|Best Cinematography, Black-and-White||Best Cinematography, Color|
|Best Costume Design, Black-and-White||Best Costume Design, Color|
|Best Film Editing||Best Special Effects|
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
1955 Academy Awards may refer to:
27th Academy Awards, the Academy Awards ceremony that took place in 1955
28th Academy Awards, the 1956 ceremony honoring the best in film for 19551956 Academy Awards
1956 Academy Awards may refer to:
28th Academy Awards, the Academy Awards ceremony that took place in 1956
29th Academy Awards, the 1957 ceremony honoring the best in film for 19561956 in animation
Events in 1956 in animation.Arthur Krams
Arthur Krams (July 15, 1912 – September 29, 1985) was an American set designer. He first made a name for himself working for MGM on films such as Holiday in Mexico, Easter Parade and The Student Prince in the mid 1940s. Later, he went on to work with Paramount Pictures. While there, he shared an Oscar for The Rose Tattoo (1955). Over his career, Krams would be co-nominated for an Oscar seven more times.Carlton W. Faulkner
Carlton W. Faulkner (June 7, 1904 – January 28, 1967) was an American sound engineer. He won an Oscar in the category Sound Recording for the film The King and I. He was also nominated for four more Academy Awards, three in the same category and the fourth for Best Effects, Special Effects.Emmet Lavery
Emmet Godfrey Lavery (November 8, 1902 – January 1, 1986) was an American playwright and screenwriter.
Born in Poughkeepsie, Lavery trained as a lawyer, before devoting his career to the theatre and to film. He wrote the English libretto for Ernst Krenek's 1940 chamber opera Tarquin. 1943 saw him writing for three films:
He was one of the team of 22 writers collaborating on the film Forever and a Day.
He adapted Gregor Ziemer's book Education For Death for Edward Dmytryk's film Hitler's Children.
He wrote the American war film Behind the Rising Sun, based on the 1941 book] by James R. Young.Lavery was president of the Screenwriters Guild of Los Angeles from 1945 to 1947. He served as vice president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 1946. In 1946, Lavery was one of six Hollywood figures listed by William Wilkerson in a The Hollywood Reporter editorial under the headline "Hywd's Red Commissars!" Drawing on the biography Mr. Justice Holmes by Francis Biddle, he wrote the play The Magnificent Yankee, which opened in 1946, and he adapted it for the 1950 film version.
In 1949, Lavery wrote his play The Song at the Scaffold, adapted from the novel Die Letzte am Schafott by Gertrud von Le Fort. In April–May 1949, Lavery had secured a contract from von Le Fort that granted him all rights to theatrical adaptations of her novel, and formally had declared his own play to be 'the only authorized dramatic version of the novel'. In 1952, Lavery learned of stage productions of Dialogues des Carmélites by Georges Benanos, which Bernanos had written as a film screenplay and completed in 1948, just before his death. In January 1949, von Le Fort had granted the Bernanos heirs permission to publish the screenplay, and had gifted her portion of the royalties due to her, as creator of the original story, over to Bernanos' widow and children.
Lavery contacted the literary agent for the Bernanos heirs, Albert Béguin, to inform the latter of the status of theatrical adaptation rights to the von Le Fort novel. Their subsequent two-year literary rights dispute reached arbitration by a jury from La Societé des Auteurs in Paris. On 20 July 1954, this jury ruled unanimously for Lavery, and ordered the Bernanos heirs to pay Lavery 100,000 FF for past contract infringements. In addition, the ruling required the Bernanos heirs to pay Lavery, with respect to all future productions of Dialogues des Carmélites, 15% of the royalties from English-language productions, and 10% from productions in all other languages. This allowed Lavery to earn royalties from both his own play and the Bernanos adaptation, with no contribution of his own to the latter, because of von Le Fort's waiver of her share of royalties and retroactive application of copyright.
Separately, Francis Poulenc had begun to compose an opera based on Bernanos' work. He curtailed work on his opera in March 1954, in light of his understanding of the Béguin-Lavery dispute. Following the July 1954 decision, separate negotiations occurred between Béguin and Lavery, via Lavery's agent Marie Schebeko, on rights and royalties to allow Poulenc to write his opera. Lavery claimed to have met Poulenc in October 1954 and to have come to a cordial agreement on terms and royalties. However, the final formal agreement was not dated until 30 March 1955, and acknowledged Bernanos, Lavery, von Le Fort, Bruckberger, and Agostini. The terms stipulated that the Poulenc opera was adapted from Bernanos 'with the authorization of Monsieur Emmet Lavery', with Lavery listed in the credits after Bernanos and before von Le Fort, with no contributions of his own at all to Poulenc's libretto.In 1950, Lavery wrote Guilty of Treason; in 1953, Bright Road ; in 1955 The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell, which was nominated for "Best Story and Screenplay" at the 28th Academy Awards. He wrote Williamsburg: the Story of a Patriot, a 1957 orientation film for Colonial Williamsburg.
Lavery and his wife Genevieve Lavery had two children. Their son Emmet G. Lavery, Jr. (1927-2014) was himself a lawyer and a producer in Hollywood. Their second child was a daughter, Elizabeth Taylor. His wife and children survived Lavery.Fred Hynes
Fred Hynes (May 8, 1908 – February 10, 1992) was an American sound engineer. He won five Academy Awards in the category Sound Recording and was nominated for two more in the same category.Henry Grace
Henry Grace (March 20, 1907 – September 16, 1983) was an American set decorator. He won an Oscar and was nominated for twelve more in the category Best Art Direction. As an actor, he had a role as Dwight D. Eisenhower, whom he strongly resembled, in The Longest Day.Justin Herman
Justin Herman (April 29, 1907 – December 3, 1983) was an American screenwriter, film producer and director. He wrote for 42 films between 1934 and 1952. He was nominated for an Academy Award in 1950 for Roller Derby Girl and again in 1956 for Three Kisses. Both nominations were in the category Best Short Subject. He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and died in New Hope, Pennsylvania.Men Against the Arctic
Men Against the Arctic is a 1955 American short documentary film directed by Winston Hibler. It was part of Disney's People & Places series. It won an Oscar at the 28th Academy Awards in 1956 for Documentary Short Subject. It was also entered into the 6th Berlin International Film Festival.No Hunting
No Hunting is a 1955 American animated short film produced by Walt Disney Productions and released by RKO Radio Pictures. The cartoon features Donald Duck participating in an overly-dramatic hunting trip after being inspired by his pioneer ancestor. The film was directed by Jack Hannah and features original music by Oliver Wallace. It was produced in widescreen CinemaScope.
No Hunting was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film at the 28th Academy Awards, held in 1956, but lost to the Looney Tunes film Speedy Gonzales. It was the ninth and final such nomination received by the Donald Duck film series.Not as a Stranger
Not as a Stranger is a 1955 American film noir drama film produced and directed by Stanley Kramer, starring Olivia de Havilland, Robert Mitchum, and Frank Sinatra, and based on the 1954 novel of the same name by Morton Thompson. The romantic melodrama novel was widely popular, topping that year's list of bestselling novels in the United States.Speedy Gonzales
Speedy Gonzales is an animated cartoon character in the Warner Brothers Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons. He is portrayed as "The Fastest Mouse in all Mexico" with his major traits being the ability to run extremely fast, speaking with an exaggerated Mexican accent and also speaking Spanish. He usually wears a yellow sombrero, white shirt and trousers (which was a common traditional outfit worn by men and boys of rural Mexican villages), and a red kerchief, similar to that of some traditional Mexican attires. To date, there have been 46 cartoons made either starring or featuring this character.Speedy Gonzales (film)
Speedy Gonzales is a 1955 Merrie Melodies animated short directed by Friz Freleng from a story by Warren Foster. It is the official debut of the title character. It won the Oscar for Best Animated Short Film. This cartoon is the first time Speedy Gonzales and Sylvester meet.Survival City
Survival City is a 1955 American short documentary film directed by Anthony Muto. In 1956, at the 28th Academy Awards, it won an Oscar for Best Short Subject (One-Reel).The Face of Lincoln
The Face of Lincoln is a 1955 short documentary film in which sculptor Robert Merrell Gage models the features of Abraham Lincoln while narrating the story of Lincoln's life. It won an Oscar at the 28th Academy Awards in 1956 for Best Short Subject (Two-Reel) and was also nominated for Academy Award for Documentary Short Subject. The film was directed by Edward Freed and produced by USC School of Cinematic Arts instructor Wilbur T. Blume.Watson Jones
Watson Jones was an American sound engineer. He was nominated for an Academy Award in the category Best Sound Recording for the film Not as a Stranger.William Flannery
William Edward Flannery (November 17, 1898 – January 25, 1959) was an American art director and architect for William Randolph Hearst. He won an Academy Award in the category Best Art Direction for the film Picnic.As an architect, his projects included a beachside mansion for Hearst's girlfriend Marion Davies. The main mansion was demolished, but part of the property survives as the Annenberg Community Beach House.
Flannery married silent film actress Mary Mercedes Campbell and they had a son Patrick John, born in 1927.During the Great Depression he became an art director.
|Awards of Merit|
‡ Dates and years listed for each ceremony were the eligibility period of film release in Los Angeles County. For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period was done on a seasonal basis, from August to July. For the 6th ceremony, held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932 to December 31, 1933. Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.