25th parallel south

The 25th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 25 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane, just south of the Tropic of Capricorn. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, Africa, the Indian Ocean, Australasia, the Pacific Ocean and South America.

Line across the Earth
25°
25th parallel south

Around the world

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 25° south passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
25°0′S 0°0′E / 25.000°S 0.000°E Atlantic Ocean
25°0′S 14°50′E / 25.000°S 14.833°E  Namibia
25°0′S 20°0′E / 25.000°S 20.000°E  South Africa Northern Cape
25°0′S 20°20′E / 25.000°S 20.333°E  Botswana
25°0′S 25°50′E / 25.000°S 25.833°E  South Africa North West
Limpopo
North West
Limpopo
Mpumalanga
Limpopo
Mpumalanga
25°0′S 32°2′E / 25.000°S 32.033°E  Mozambique
25°0′S 34°4′E / 25.000°S 34.067°E Indian Ocean Mozambique Channel
25°0′S 44°2′E / 25.000°S 44.033°E  Madagascar
25°0′S 47°0′E / 25.000°S 47.000°E Indian Ocean
25°0′S 113°7′E / 25.000°S 113.117°E  Australia Western Australia - Dorre Island
25°0′S 113°7′E / 25.000°S 113.117°E Indian Ocean Geographe Channel
25°0′S 113°39′E / 25.000°S 113.650°E  Australia Western Australia
Northern Territory
Queensland
25°0′S 152°30′E / 25.000°S 152.500°E Coral Sea
25°0′S 153°13′E / 25.000°S 153.217°E  Australia Queensland - Fraser Island
25°0′S 153°21′E / 25.000°S 153.350°E Coral Sea
25°0′S 164°55′E / 25.000°S 164.917°E Pacific Ocean Passing just north of Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Island
25°0′S 70°28′W / 25.000°S 70.467°W  Chile
25°0′S 68°24′W / 25.000°S 68.400°W  Argentina
25°0′S 58°8′W / 25.000°S 58.133°W  Paraguay
25°0′S 54°27′W / 25.000°S 54.450°W  Brazil Paraná
São Paulo - for about 20 km
Paraná - for about 15 km
São Paulo
25°0′S 47°52′W / 25.000°S 47.867°W Atlantic Ocean

See also

24th parallel south

The 24th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 24 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane, about 60 km south of the Tropic of Capricorn. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, Africa, the Indian Ocean, Australasia, the Pacific Ocean and South America.

25th parallel

25th parallel may refer to:

25th parallel north, a circle of latitude in the Northern Hemisphere

25th parallel south, a circle of latitude in the Southern Hemisphere

25th Parallel (magazine), a local lifestyle magazine from Florida

26th parallel south

The 26th parallel south latitude is a circle of latitude that is 26 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, Africa, the Indian Ocean, Australasia, the Pacific Ocean and South America.

Fiji Meteorological Service

The Fiji Meteorological Service (FMS) is a Department of the government of Fiji responsible for providing weather forecasts and is based in Nadi. The current director of Fiji Meteorological Service is Ravind Kumar. Since 1985, FMS has been responsible for naming and tracking tropical cyclones in the Southwest Pacific region. Current Meteorologists working at FMS have a Graduate Diploma in Meteorology from the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.

List of circles of latitude

Following is a list of circles of latitude on Earth.

Marine weather forecasting

Marine weather forecasting is the process by which mariners and meteorological organizations attempt to forecast future weather conditions over the Earth's oceans. Mariners have had rules of thumb regarding the navigation around tropical cyclones for many years, dividing a storm into halves and sailing through the normally weaker and more navigable half of their circulation. Marine weather forecasts by various weather organizations can be traced back to the sinking of the Royal Charter in 1859 and the RMS Titanic in 1912.

The wind is the driving force of weather at sea, as wind generates local wind waves, long ocean swells, and its flow around the subtropical ridge helps maintain warm water currents such as the Gulf Stream. The importance of weather over the ocean during World War II led to delayed or secret weather reports, in order to maintain a competitive advantage. Weather ships were established by various nations during World War II for forecasting purposes, and were maintained through 1985 to help with transoceanic plane navigation.

Voluntary observations from ships, weather buoys, weather satellites, and numerical weather prediction have been used to diagnose and help forecast weather over the Earth's ocean areas. Since the 1960s, numerical weather prediction's role over the Earth's seas has taken a greater role in the forecast process. Weather elements such as sea state, surface winds, tide levels, and sea surface temperature are tackled by organizations tasked with forecasting weather over open oceans and seas. Currently, the Japan Meteorological Agency, the United States National Weather Service, and the United Kingdom Met Office create marine weather forecasts for the Northern Hemisphere.

War of the Pacific

The War of the Pacific (Spanish: Guerra del Pacífico), also known as the Saltpeter War (Spanish: Guerra del Salitre) and by multiple other names was a war between Chile and a Bolivian-Peruvian alliance. It lasted from 1879 to 1884, and was fought over Chilean claims on coastal Bolivian territory in the Atacama Desert. The war ended with victory for Chile, which gained a significant amount of resource-rich territory from Peru and Bolivia. Chile's army took Bolivia's nitrate rich coastal region and Peru was defeated by Chile's navy.Battles were fought in the Pacific Ocean, the Atacama Desert, Peru's deserts, and mountainous regions in the Andes. For the first five months the war played out in a naval campaign, as Chile struggled to establish a sea-based resupply corridor for its forces in the world's driest desert.

In February 1878, Bolivia imposed a new tax on a Chilean mining company ("Compañía de Salitres y Ferrocarril de Antofagasta", CSFA) despite Bolivian express warranty in the 1874 Boundary Treaty that it would not increase taxes on Chilean persons or industries for 25 years. Chile protested and solicited to submit it to mediation, but Bolivia refused and considered it a subject of Bolivia's courts. Chile insisted and informed the Bolivian government that Chile would no longer consider itself bound by the 1874 Boundary Treaty if Bolivia did not suspend enforcing the law. On February 14, 1879 when Bolivian authorities attempted to auction the confiscated property of CSFA, Chilean armed forces occupied the port city of Antofagasta.

Peru, bound to Bolivia by their secret treaty of alliance from 1873, tried to mediate, but on 1 March 1879 Bolivia declared war on Chile and called on Peru to activate their alliance, while Chile demanded that Peru declare its neutrality. On April 5, after Peru refused this, Chile declared war on both nations. The following day, Peru responded by acknowledging the casus foederis.

Ronald Bruce St. John in The Bolivia–Chile–Peru Dispute in the Atacama Desert states:

Even though the 1873 treaty and the imposition of the 10 centavos tax proved to be the casus belli, there were deeper, more fundamental reasons for the outbreak of hostilities in 1879. On the one hand, there was the power, prestige, and relative stability of Chile compared to the economic deterioration and political discontinuity which characterised both Peru and Bolivia after independence. On the other, there was the ongoing competition for economic and political hegemony in the region, complicated by a deep antipathy between Peru and Chile. In this milieu, the vagueness of the boundaries between the three states, coupled with the discovery of valuable guano and nitrate deposits in the disputed territories, combined to produce a diplomatic conundrum of insurmountable proportions.Afterwards, Chile's land campaign bested the Bolivian and Peruvian armies. Bolivia withdrew after the Battle of Tacna on May 26, 1880. Chilean forces occupied Lima in January 1881. Peruvian army remnants and irregulars waged a guerrilla war that did not change the war's outcome. Chile and Peru signed the Treaty of Ancón on October 20, 1883. Bolivia signed a truce with Chile in 1884.

Chile acquired the Peruvian territory of Tarapacá, the disputed Bolivian department of Litoral (turning Bolivia into a landlocked country), as well as temporary control over the Peruvian provinces of Tacna and Arica. In 1904, Chile and Bolivia signed the "Treaty of Peace and Friendship" establishing definite boundaries. The 1929 Tacna–Arica compromise gave Arica to Chile and Tacna to Peru.

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