24-hour news cycle

The 24-hour news cycle (or 24/7 news cycle) is 24-hour investigation and reporting of news, concomitant with fast-paced lifestyles. The vast news resources available in recent decades have increased competition for audience and advertiser attention, prompting media providers to deliver the latest news in the most compelling manner in order to remain ahead of competitors. Television-, radio-, print-, online- and mobile app news media all have many suppliers that want to be relevant to their audiences and deliver news first.

Although all-news radio operated for decades earlier, the 24-hour news cycle arrived with the advent of cable television channels dedicated to news[1] and brought about a much faster pace of news production with an increased demand for stories that could be presented as continual news with constant updating. This was a contrast with the day-by-day pace of the news cycle of printed daily newspapers.[2] A high premium on faster reporting would see a further increase with the advent of online news.[3]

A complete news cycle consists of the media reporting on some event, followed by the media reporting on public and other reactions to the earlier reports. The advent of 24-hour cable cable- and satellite television news channels and, in more recent times, of news sources on the World Wide Web (including blogs), considerably shortened this process.

Critical assessment

According to former journalists Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel, 24-hour news creates wild competition among media organizations for audience share.[4] This, coupled with the profit demand of their corporate ownership, has led to a decline in journalistic standards.[4] In their book Warp Speed: America in the Age of Mixed Media, they write that "the press has moved toward sensationalism, entertainment, and opinion" and away from traditional values of verification, proportion, relevance, depth, and quality of interpretation.[4] They fear these values will be replaced by a "journalism of assertion" which de-emphasizes whether a claim is valid and encourages putting a claim into the arena of public discussion as quickly as possible.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Silvia, Tony (2001). "2. CNN: The Origins of the 24-Hour, International News Cycle". Global News: Perspectives on the Information Age. Blackwell Publishing. pp. 45f. ISBN 0-8138-0256-3.
  2. ^ Kansas, David; Todd Gitlin (2001). "What's the Rush: An e-epistolary Debate on the 24 hour news clock". In Robert H. Giles, Robert W. Snyder (ed.). What's Next?: Problems & Prospects of Journalism. Transaction Publishers. pp. 83f. ISBN 0-7658-0709-2.
  3. ^ Swanson, David L. (2003). "1. Political news in the changing environment of political journalism". In Gadi Wolfsfeld, Philippe J. Maarek (ed.). Political Communication in a New Era: A Cross-national Perspective. Routledge. pp. 20f. ISBN 0-415-28953-X.
  4. ^ a b c d Weaver, David H.; et al. (2006). "8. Journalists' Best Work". The American Journalist in the 21st Century: U.s. News People at the Dawn of a New Millennium. Routledge. p. 226. ISBN 0-8058-5382-0.

Further reading

CNN effect

The CNN effect is a phenomenon in political science and media studies which states that CNN's use of shocking images of humanitarian crises around the world compels U.S. policy makers to intervene in humanitarian situations they may not otherwise have an interest in. The 24-hour international television news channel known as Cable News Network or CNN, had a major impact on the conduct of states' foreign policy in the late Cold War period and that CNN and its subsequent industry competitors have had a similar impact in the post Cold War era. While the free press has, in its role as the "Fourth Estate," always had an influence on policy-making in representative democracies, proponents of the CNN effect argue that the extent, depth, and speed of the new global media have created a new species of effects qualitatively different from those that preceded them. The term's coinage reflects the pioneering role played by the network CNN in the field, whose "saturation coverage" of events like the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, the fall of Communism in eastern Europe, the first Gulf War, and the Battle of Mogadishu was viewed as being strongly influential in bringing images and issues to the immediate forefront of American political consciousness and beyond. : Additionally, the CNN effect was the driving force behind the U.S. intervention of the Kurdish crisis and use of force by the army during the Bosnia war of 1992-1995. Despite these origins, the term as used generally refers to a broad range of real time modern media, and is not exclusive to CNN or even 24-hour news cycle broadcast cable news.

Churnalism

Churnalism is a pejorative term for a form of journalism in which press releases, stories provided by news agencies, and other forms of pre-packaged material, instead of reported news, are used to create articles in newspapers and other news media. Its purpose is to reduce cost by reducing original news-gathering and checking sources, to counter revenue lost with the rise of Internet news and decline in advertising; there was a particularly steep fall from late 2015. The origin of the word has been credited to BBC journalist Waseem Zakir.

Churnalism has increased to the point that many stories found in the press are not original. The decline of original journalism has been associated with a corresponding rise in public relations.

Fox News @ Night

Fox News @ Night is an American television news/talk program on Fox News Channel hosted by Shannon Bream. Episodes air live Monday-Friday from 11pm to 12am ET. It is the channel's last live program on the weekday schedule. The program reports on the day's events with many reporters, interviews and political analysis.

The show has been a part of the Fox News program lineup since February 12, 2017, and is the number one cable news broadcast in its time slot.

Howard Rosenberg

Howard Anthony Rosenberg (born June 10, 1942) is an American television critic. He worked at The Louisville Times from 1968 through 1978 and then worked at the Los Angeles Times for 25 years where he won a Pulitzer Prize for Criticism. Rosenberg coined the term mixed martial arts, or MMA, in the inaugural Ultimate Fighting Championship event at UFC 1 in November 1993. In recent years he has written the book No Time to Think: The Menace of Media Speed and the 24-Hour News Cycle with Charles S. Feldman and compiled an anthology of his works, Not So Prime Time: Chasing the Trivial on American Television. Rosenberg was a member of the Peabody Awards Board of Jurors from 1996 to 2003. He currently teaches multiple classes on television criticism as an adjunct professor at the USC School of Cinematic Arts.

Rosenberg argued:

if one word characterizes TV-driven popular culture, it's excess – the steroidal massing that comes from going too far, artificially swelling something beyond what's natural.The Forbes Media Guide Five Hundred, 1994 states:

Smart and perceptive, Rosenberg crafts stylish reviews of TV shows and trends, producing columns both witty and quotable.... Tuned in to both TV and the outside world, Rosenberg provides the caviar of critiques.

Journalist

A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information to the public. A journalist's work is called journalism. A journalist can work with general issues or specialize in certain issues. However, most journalists tend to specialize, and by cooperating with other journalists, produce journals that span many topics. For example, a sports journalist covers news within the world of sports, but this journalist may be a part of a newspaper that covers many different topics.

Lead-in

A lead-in is a short phrase, usually five words or less, that starts off a photo caption in a newspaper, high school yearbook, magazine or other publication.

Lead-ins (a.k.a. "kickers") are used to catch the reader's attention and "lead in" to the main caption. These phrases widely range from common phrases to song lyrics, and are written appropriate to the subject matter of the photograph.

Examples of lead-ins include the following:

(On a picture of a farmer putting down pinestraw) Piling it on...

(On a picture of a guidance counselor taking attendance folders) Makin' the rounds...Editors and caption writers tend to avoid using clichés and obvious lead-ins (e.g., "Two heads better than one," "Whistle while you work," etc.); and also prefer varying lead-ins throughout the publication.

Margot Williams

Margot Williams is a journalist and research librarian, who was part of teams at the Washington Post that won two Pulitzer Prizes.

In 1998, Williams was part of a team that won the Pulitzer Gold Medal for public service for reporting on the high rate of police shootings in Washington, D.C.

In 2002, Williams was part of a team that won the Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting for its coverage of the "war on terror".

Mediagate

The Mediagate (also known as Anchorgate ), is a common term describing a period of political competition in Pakistan, which eventually led to a media scandal between some mainstream televised news channels, hosted by their anchors and correspondents. On 15 June 2012, an anonymous off-air camera discussion was released on YouTube, it quickly grasped the media industry and attracted the nationwide attention.In a Dunya News (lit. World News) special interview conducted jointly by Mehr Bukhari and Mubashir Lukman, the off-camera video showed anchors informally discussing questions and preparing Riaz Hussain, a real estate oligarch, suggested that the interview was pre-planned to an extent. The footage instigated media war among the television news channels that went head-to-head in a battle for PEMRA's rating each month. The revelation of footage led the deposing of Lukman from Dunya News and at the same time, Dunya News bulletins targeted Geo News of having conspired to embarrass Dunya News, after one of its leading correspondent criticised the channel for being unprofessional. Following this, the media war was further pushed into new dimension and a larger overall struggle between many of the leading news channels, which accused their rivals of being corrupt, dishonest and sleazy journalism.Enlightening the profession of journalism and the credibility of their independent 24-hour news cycle sources, the news channels employed many tactics to gain more better ratings and reliability over their competitors, including the use of aggressive journalism, cutthroat tactics, defections of several news correspondents between the news channels. This media war was subsequently ended after a successful intervention and suo motu actions independently taken by the senior justices of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.

Mir Shakil-ur-Rahman

Mir Shakil-ur-Rahman is a Pakistani media mogul and philanthropist. As a businessman, he is known as the founder of 24-hour news cycle network, Geo TV, as well as its executive. In addition, he is the owner of the Jang Group of Newspapers, that was started by his father Mir Khalil ur Rehman and part owner of the Independent Media Corporation. This media group publishes a number of newspapers and magazines in Urdu and English. IMC also owns the Geo TV network.

News presenter

A news presenter – also known as a newsreader, newscaster (short for "news broadcaster"), anchorman or anchorwoman, news anchor or simply an anchor – is a person who presents news during a news program on the television, on the radio or on the Internet. They may also be a working journalist, assisting in the collection of news material and may, in addition, provide commentary during the program. News presenters most often work from a television studio or radio studio, but may also present the news from remote locations in the field related to a particular major news event.

News program

A news program, news programme, news show, or newscast is a regularly scheduled radio or television program that reports current events. News is typically reported in a series of individual stories that are presented by one or more anchors. A news program can include live or recorded interviews by field reporters, expert opinions, opinion poll results, and occasional editorial content.

A special category of news programs are entirely editorial in format. These host polemic debates between pundits of various ideological philosophies.

In the early-21st-century news programs – especially those of commercial networks – tended to become less oriented on "hard" news, and often regularly included "feel-good stories" or humorous reports as the last items on their newscasts, as opposed to news programs transmitted thirty years earlier, such as the CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite. From their beginnings until around 1995, evening television news broadcasts continued featuring serious news stories right up to the end of the program, as opposed to later broadcasts with such anchors as Katie Couric, Brian Williams and Diane Sawyer.

Nick Arundel

Arthur W. "Nick" Arundel (January 12, 1928 – February 8, 2011) was a Harvard graduate and former United States Marine Corps combat officer in the Korean War. Arundel covered Washington, D.C. as a correspondent for CBS News and later The White House for United Press International. The founder of Arundel Communications (now ArCom) based near Dulles Airport, he originated in American journalism the concept of 24-hour news cycle All-news radio format at Washington radio station WAVA-FM in 1960. He was Chairman and Publisher of the 17 Times Community Newspapers and has been inducted into the Hall of Fame of Virginia Communications.

Arundel died at his beloved Merry Oak Farm near The Plains, VA on February 8, 2011. He was 83, and was named the Outstanding Virginian of 2011 by the Virginia General Assembly. He is survived by his wife of 53 years and five children.

In 2017, a book was published about Arundel's efforts in 1955 to bring two baby gorillas to the National Zoo. The book also includes Arundel's involvement in the creation of the Friends of the National Zoo.

Nick Corwin

Nick Corwin was an American student and athlete. He was murdered in his second grade classroom in Hubbard Woods School in Winnetka, Illinois. A dedicated athlete , he was remembered for his sportsmanship and skill.

Although the history of school shootings in America goes back to pre-independence times, Nick’s murder was among the first to feature prominently in the 24-hour news cycle, mostly revolving around the mental state of his killer, Laurie Dann.

Because no other school shooting had received such wide coverage, Nick’s murder is sometimes called “the first school shooting.” Since his murder, a school shooting was widely reported almost every year.

Others noted that his shooting marked an “end of innocence” for the prosperous community along Chicago’s North Shore, which hadn’t had a murder in 30 years.

Dr. Donald Monroe, superintendent of Winnetka School District 36 noted 'his “safe” school was “not as isolated and insulated as we thought..

At the time of the shooting, Hubbard Woods, like many schools, was an open campus, with many doors, such as those to individual classrooms, kept open. After the shooting, a pattern of single-point entry emerged in more schools. Corwin is the namesake of a popular soccer field and playground in Winnetka.

There was resistance from those concerned that naming the park after Nick would be a source of ongoing trauma, but the children made it clear they wanted the park renamed. A plaque was also placed in the park, in his honor.

According to a report in People magazine, 1500 attended his funeral Shortly after his death, playing on the meaning of his name (“giver of gifts”) his friends and schoolmates created a book, The Gifts that Nicholas Gave. He was remembered for his sportsmanship, kindness, and leadership. Classmates remember Corwin for his exemplary play. One told a reporter that the kids would not be able to play fairly, because Nick was the one who knew all the rules.He is interred at Memorial Park Cemetery in Skokie, Illinois.Following his death, Winnetka passed a handgun ban, which stood until D.C. vs Heller and subsequent NRA lawsuits.

No Time to Think

No Time to Think: The Menace of Media Speed and the 24-Hour News Cycle is a book by Howard Rosenberg and Charles S. Feldman, published in 2008.

The book critiques the speed of the media in our days, where the emphasis is usually placed on being the first to report a story. This sometimes causes lesser events to become first-page news.

Post-truth politics

Post-truth politics (also called post-factual politics and post-reality politics) is a political culture in which debate is framed largely by appeals to emotion disconnected from the details of policy, and by the repeated assertion of talking points to which factual rebuttals are ignored. Post-truth differs from traditional contesting and falsifying of facts by relegating facts and expert opinions to be of secondary importance relative to appeal to emotion. While this has been described as a contemporary problem, some observers have described it as a long-standing part of political life that was less notable before the advent of the Internet and related social changes.

As of 2018, political commentators have identified post-truth politics as ascendant in many nations, notably the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, and Brazil, among others. As with other areas of debate, this is being driven by a combination of the 24-hour news cycle, false balance in news reporting, and the increasing ubiquity of social media. In 2016, post-truth was chosen as the Oxford Dictionaries' Word of the Year due to its prevalence in the context of that year's Brexit referendum and media coverage of the U.S. presidential election.

Retro Report

Retro Report is a non-profit news organization that produces mini documentaries looking at today's news stories through the lens of history and context. The organization describes itself as a counterweight to the 24-hour news cycle. They have covered topics including the Population Bomb theory, the Tawana Brawley rape allegations, the 1993 Jack in the Box E. coli outbreak, the MMR vaccine controversy, the Ruby Ridge standoff, the Columbine High School massacre, the McDonald's hot coffee lawsuit, and the history of black activism in sports.Retro Report's stories are published on their own website and also by distribution partners such as The New Yorker, Politico, PBS's American Experience, STAT News, Quartz and The New York Times, where they are featured alongside an article by longtime journalist Clyde Haberman. In a Poynter Institute for Media Studies article, Executive Producer Kyra Darnton describes Retro Report's mission as providing, "context and perspective by going back and re-reporting and reanalyzing older stories, or stories that we think of as not relevant anymore.” In a 2014 Nieman Foundation for Journalism article, Ann Derry, The New York Times’ editorial director for video and television partnerships, said Retro Report's stories are "consistently among the most-watched pieces of video content at the Times." Since the series premiered on May 6, 2013, Retro Report has produced more than 150 short form documentaries.

The Edward R. Murrow Forum on Issues in Journalism

The Edward R. Murrow Forum on Issues in Journalism is an annual event held at Tufts University. It is sponsored by the Film and Media Studies Program (FMS) at Tufts University, the Edward R. Murrow Center for the Advancement of Public Diplomacy, and the Jonathan M. Tisch College of Citizenship and Public Service. Dedicated to illuminating aspects of the many contributions Edward R. Murrow made to journalism and public diplomacy, the Forum brings together interdisciplinary panels to reflect on Murrow’s legacy and relate it to contemporary issues in journalism. The Forum debuted in 2006 with former Nightline host Ted Koppel serving as the keynote speaker and moderator examining the contemporary state of the news business. In 2007 retired CBS News anchor Dan Rather led a panel discussing the coverage of war and conflicts. In 2008 former NBC Nightly News anchor Tom Brokaw and panelists explored the current state of political coverage. The 2009 panel was headlined by MSNBC’s Hardball host Chris Matthews, along with former Massachusetts Governor and 1988 Democratic presidential candidate Michael S. Dukakis, and Janet Wu, WCVB-TV’s political reporter discussing the press’ role in encouraging or discouraging people from seeking public office. In 2010 panelists Casey Murrow, author Lynne Olson, and producer/Massachusetts ACLU Vice President Arnie Reisman discussed Murrow and his efforts to bring down Senator Joseph McCarthy after the blacklist and the contemporary state of blacklisting, self-censorship, and political redlines for the media. In 2011 panelists Katie Couric and Jonathan Tisch discussed Couric's career as well as the state of journalism in a social media and technology-driven world. In 2012 panelists Brian Williams and Jonathan Tisch discussed Williams's career and tactics, opportunities, and challenges of covering campaigns in 2012. The 2013 forum featured Christiane Amanpour discussing the evolving role of foreign correspondents, while Huffington Post founder Arianna Huffington examined the changing face of journalism in the digital age for the 2014 forum. In 2015, ABC News' Chief Anchor George Stephanopoulos discussed reliability in the 24-hour news cycle.

The Post (Ohio newspaper)

The Post is a student-run newspaper in Athens, Ohio, that covers Ohio University and Athens County. While classes at OU are in session, it publishes online every day and in print every Thursday. Though its newsroom is located in John Calhoun Baker University Center at Ohio University, the paper is editorially independent from the university.

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