23rd century

The 23rd century will be the century of the Anno Domini or Common Era which, in the Gregorian calendar, will begin on January 1, 2201, and end on December 31, 2300.

Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries:
Timelines:
State leaders:
  • 22nd century
  • 23rd century
  • 24th century
Decades:
  • 2200s
  • 2210s
  • 2220s
  • 2230s
  • 2240s
  • 2250s
  • 2260s
  • 2270s
  • 2280s
  • 2290s

Predictions for the 23rd century

Astronomical predictions

List of the long total solar eclipses

  • July 27, 2204: Solar eclipse,[1] (7 min 22 s), of saros 139.
  • August 8, 2222: Solar eclipse,[2] (7 min 06 s), of saros 139.
  • August 18, 2240: Solar eclipse,[3] (6 min 40 s), of saros 139.
  • May 7, 2255: Solar eclipse,[4] (6 min 22 s), of saros 142.
  • August 29, 2258: Solar eclipse,[5] (6 min 09 s), of saros 139.
  • May 17, 2273: Solar eclipse,[6] (6 min 31 s), of saros 142.
  • May 28, 2291: Solar eclipse,[7] (6 min 34 s), of saros 142, "crowning" this series.

Other phenomena

  • 2209 and 2284: Perihelion of Comet Halley.
  • May 27, 2221: Near-Earth asteroid (285263) 1998 QE2 will pass Earth at a distance of 0.038 AU (5,700,000 km; 3,500,000 mi).[8]
  • 2221: Triple conjunction of Mars and Saturn.
  • December 2, 2223: At 12:32 UTC, Mars will occult Jupiter.
  • 2227: Pluto's orbit takes it closer to the sun than Neptune.[9]
  • 2238/2239: Triple conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn (whose last triple conjunction was in 1981).
  • August 12, 2243: At 04:52 UTC, Venus will occult Saturn.
  • June 11, 2247: Transit of Venus.
  • March 4, 2251: At 10:52 UTC, Venus will occult Uranus.
  • In 2252, the planetoid Orcus will have completed one orbit of the Sun since its discovery in 2004, based upon current orbital measurements which give it a period of 248 Earth years.
  • August 1, 2253: Mercury occults Regulus (last occultation of Regulus by Mercury was on August 13, 364 BC).
  • June 9, 2255: Transit of Venus.
  • 2256 to 2258: Eris will reach perihelion for the first time since discovery.
  • October 6, 2271: Close conjunction between Venus and Regulus, perhaps occultation of Regulus by Venus.
  • 2279: Triple conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn.
  • 2281, 2282: Grand Trine of Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. This last occurred in 1769 and 1770.
  • Sunday, August 28, 2287: Closest perihelic opposition of Mars and Earth since Wednesday, August 27, 2003, at 55,688,405 km (34,603,170.6 mi; 0.372254 AU).
  • In 2288, the planetoid Quaoar will have completed one orbit of the Sun since its discovery in 2002, which, based upon current orbital measurements, gives it a period of 286 Earth years.

Other predictions

  • 2256: According to estimates made in 2006, the Centralia mine fire, which ignited under the town of Centralia, Pennsylvania in May 1962, may extinguish. The fire is expected to continue burning for at least 250 years as of 2006.[10]
  • 2300: The United Nations predicts that life expectancies in most developed countries will be 87–106 years, and slowly rising, though rising more slowly than before. However, these projections also show that life expectancies in poor countries will still be less than in rich countries in 2300, in some cases by as much as 20 years; the UN itself mentioned that gaps in life expectancy so far in the future will likely not exist, especially since the exchange of technology between rich and poor countries and the industrialization and development of poor countries will cause their life expectancies to fully converge with those of rich countries long before that point, similarly to how life expectancies between rich and poor countries have already been converging over the last 60 years as better medicine, technology, and living conditions became accessible to many people in poor countries. The UN has warned that these projections are uncertain, and caution that any change or advancement in medical technology could invalidate their projections.[11]
  • 2300: The United Nations predicts the world population in 2300 to be about 10 billion, but any changes in future birthrates or in projections of future life expectancy could invalidate those projections as well.[11]
  • 2300: Google's plan to index all the world's information and make it searchable could be achieved, according to Eric Schmidt.[12]
  • 2300: No new PESEL numbers can be allocated, the number required by law for all Polish citizens.

Easter

Unless changes are made in the religious calendar, in 2285, the Western Easter will fall on March 22 for the first time since 1818, the earliest possible date on which Easter can occur.[13]

Religious predictions

Judaism

  • According to Jewish Calendars, in 2214, Rosh Hashanah will fall on October 6 for the first time.
  • According to one Jewish interpretation of creation, Adam was created in 3761 BC. It will have been 6,000 years since then in 2239, thereby initiating a spiritual Sabbatical on a global scale lasting a thousand years (the 7th Millennium on the Hebrew Calendar).[14] On the same basis, the common assumption in 16th-century Europe was that the current world would end in 2242. Even Nostradamus's well-known prediction that his prophecies would run out in 3797, first made in 1555 (see Nostradamus source-list), would seem to fit this tradition (3797 – 1555 = 2242).[15]
  • According to a number of Jewish scholars, the Year 6000 (2240) of the Hebrew calendar is the latest time for the initiation of the Messianic Age.

See Eschatology: Judaism.

Science fiction set in the 23rd century

Literature

Television and film

Star Trek

The majority of Star Trek and the first six movies as well as the eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth movies are set in the 23rd century. Dates were calculated from the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "The Neutral Zone", which provided an exact calendar year for the first time. The 2009 Star Trek film and its two sequels established an alternate timeline; these events are specified as such.

  • Montgomery Scott, born 2222.
  • Cold War with Klingon Empire Starts (2223).
  • Leonard McCoy, born 2227.
  • Spock, born 2230.
  • James T. Kirk, born on March 22, 2233.
  • Hikaru Sulu, born 2237.
  • Nyota Uhura, born 2239.
  • Pavel Chekov, born 2245.
  • USS Enterprise is launched in 2245 (note: the Enterprise launches at a later date, the late 2250s, in the alternate timeline established by the 2009 film)
  • Star Trek (alternate timeline – opening 2233, parts early 2240s, 2249, 2255, primary plotline 2258); due to efforts to prevent the destruction of the Romulan homeworld in the late 24th century, Spock and the ship and crew of a Romulan vessel are sent back in time to the mid-23rd century. The Romulans arrive first and engage in activities that create the alternate timeline; Spock arrives later, at some point prior to 2258. The Vulcan homeworld is destroyed.
  • Star Trek: Discovery, c.mid-2250s (approximately 10 years before The Original Series)
  • Star Trek Into Darkness (alternate timeline – 2259, closing 2260).
  • Star Trek Beyond (alternate timeline – 2263, beginning on day 966 of the 5-year mission undertaken by the Enterprise; alternate-timeline original Enterprise destroyed; Kirk takes command of U.S.S. Enterprise NCC-1701-A; Spock, from the original timeline, dies).
  • Star Trek: The Original Series (original timeline - pilots 2254 and 2265, series 2266–2269).
  • Star Trek: The Animated Series (2269–2270).
  • Star Trek: The Motion Picture (2273).
  • Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan (2285); original Spock dies; resurrected
  • Star Trek III: The Search for Spock (2285); original-timeline U.S.S. Enterprise destroyed
  • Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home (2286); Kirk takes command of U.S.S. Enterprise NCC-1701-A
  • Star Trek V: The Final Frontier (2287).
  • Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (2293); Klingon Empire begins peace negotiations with United Federation of Planets after the destruction of the moon Praxis endangers its existence; Enterprise-A decommissioned.
  • (In Part) Star Trek Generations (2293); Captain Kirk lost during maiden voyage of U.S.S. Enterprise NCC-1701-B, presumed killed

Space Battleship Yamato

Other television and film

  • Per Aspera Ad Astra.
  • Starship Troopers is placed in the 23rd century, as said by Paul Verhoeven in the director's commentary.
  • Futurama backstory: Doctor Zoidberg's race, the Decapodians, first arrived on Earth, later causing the extinction of the anchovy.
  • Many of the adult characters from Mobile Suit Gundam 00 were born in the 23rd century.
  • Starhunter, the events take place across the latter half of the 23rd century, the 1st season in 2276–2286 and the 2nd season in 2300.
  • Red Dwarf, parts of the series may be set in the 23rd century, evidenced by Lister stating that he is "an enlightened 23rd century guy." However, other episodes imply Lister is from the 21st century or 22nd century, and most of the series is set about 3 million years later.
  • 2201: F-Zero: GP Legend, a video game and television series.
  • 2204: home time of the Futurians in Godzilla vs. King Ghidorah.
  • 2205: Bicentennial Man: Andrew Martin dies only hours shy of his 200th birthday.
  • 2207: Mutant Chronicles.
  • 2208: Futurama backstory: Scientists increased the speed of light in 2208.
  • 2222: Quark.
  • 2222: Attack of the Killer Tomatoes: The Animated Series episode "Terminator Tomato from Tomorrow" takes place in the year 2222, where humanity has been enslaved by robots resembling giant tomatoes.
  • 2223: G-Saviour.
  • 2225: most of Infinite Ryvius.
  • 2245-2248: Babylon 5: In the Beginning
  • 2247: Trancers: Angel City police Trooper Jack Deth pursues cult leader Martin Whistler from July 2247, to Los Angeles in December 1985.
  • 2249: BraveStarr: In the two-part episode "Sherlock Holmes in the 23rd Century", during his fight with Professor Moriarty at Reichenbach Falls in 1893, Sherlock Holmes is transported to London in 2249. Moriarty builds & utilizes a stasis device, so he can face his arch-enemy Holmes in the future.
  • 2251: Skyland, a television series on Nicktoons Network.
  • 2257: Forbidden Planet.
  • 2258–2262: Babylon 5.
  • 2263: The Fifth Element. The full date is seen in the post-it-like clock, when the protagonist presses it to stop its beeping.
  • 2264: Lily C.A.T..[16]
  • 2265: Galaxy Turnpike.
  • 2267: Babylon 5: A Call to Arms and Crusade
  • 2267, 2270: Cargo.
  • 2270: The supposed year in which Will Robinson, Dr. Smith and the Robot slept until in the "Flight Into the Future" episode of Lost in Space. It turned out to be an illusion caused by an alien creature.
  • 2274: Logan's Run.
  • 2281: The 100. Season 6 starts in this year.
  • 2293: Zardoz.

Comics

Audio dramas

Music

Games

Computer games

  • Anno 2205 is set in the year 2205, when mankind colonises the Moon.
  • Quake 4 is set in the year 2246, as stated in the USS Hannibal's terminals.
  • Wipeout Pulse takes place in the year 2207.
  • StarQuest Online is set around 2216.
  • In the StarCraft series, the United Powers League is said to be founded on Earth on November 22, 2229.
  • Aliens versus Predator 2, a computer game, is set between November 25, 2230 and January 7, 2231. The introduction of the Predator campaign takes place on July 3, 2211.
  • Escape Velocity is set in 2246.
  • Fallout: Brotherhood of Steel takes place around 2208, although this entry in the series is considered non-canon.
  • Fallout 2, set 80 years after the original Fallout, begins in 2241.
  • Van Buren, the original, cancelled "Fallout 3", was to take place in 2253.
  • Fallout 3 begins with the birth of the player character in 2258; the events of the main game begin in 2277.
  • Fallout: New Vegas takes place in 2281, four years after Fallout 3.
  • Fallout 4 mainly takes place in 2287, ten years after Fallout 3
  • Unreal II: The Awakening is set around 2251.
  • Unreal (series) The New Earth Government legalizes no holds-barred fighting 2291.
  • Independence War (aka I-War), a large-scale spacecraft game is set in 2268.
  • Freelancer 's introduction takes place in the 23rd century.
  • Galactic Civilizations II: Dread Lords, the sandbox version of the game starts in 2225 and the campaign for the most part in the late 2220s.
  • Malice takes place in the 23rd century.
  • The Longest Journey takes place in 2209, its sequel Dreamfall in 2219, and its recent installment Dreamfall Chapters in 2220.
  • Ogame is based around 2250.
  • Lego Rock Raiders takes place in 2200.
  • The TimeSplitters 2 level "Return to Planet X" is set in 2280.
  • Firefall takes place during the 2240s.
  • Colony A flash game by Krin.
  • Halo, Invention of the SF Translight Engine happens in the 23rd century.
  • Doctor Who: The Adventure Games, Episode 4:Shadows of the Vashta Nerada, set in an underwater city (Posidon 8) in the 23rd century.
  • Permanent bans by tribunal in League of Legends will be lifted on December 8, 2285.[17]

Arcade and console games

Other games

References

  1. ^ "Solar eclipse of July 27, 2204". Retrieved 2014-03-12.
  2. ^ "Solar eclipse of August 8, 2222". Retrieved 2014-03-12.
  3. ^ "Solar eclipse of August 18, 2240". Retrieved 2014-03-12.
  4. ^ "Solar eclipse of May 7, 2255". Retrieved 2014-03-12.
  5. ^ "Solar eclipse of August 29, 2258". Retrieved 2014-03-12.
  6. ^ "Solar eclipse of May 17, 2273". Retrieved 2014-03-12.
  7. ^ "Solar eclipse of May 28, 2291". Retrieved 2014-03-12.
  8. ^ Dr. Lance A. M. Benner (May 28, 2013). "(285263) 1998 QE2 Goldstone Radar Observations Planning". NASA/JPL Asteroid Radar Research. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
  9. ^ "Pluto to become most distant planet". Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  10. ^ O'Carol, Eoin. 2010-02-05. "Centralia, Pa.: How an underground coal fire erased a town" Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
  11. ^ a b United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. World Population to 2300. 2004. Executive Summary, Page 2.
  12. ^ Mills, Elinor (2005-10-10). "Google reveals its 300-year plan". CNET News.com. Archived from the original on June 17, 2008.
  13. ^ "Dates of Ash Wednesday and Easter Sunday". navy.mil.
  14. ^ Bromberg, Irv. "The Rectified Hebrew Calendar". Archived from the original on 28 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-31.
  15. ^ See, for example, Lemesurier, P., The Unknown Nostradamus (O Books, 2003).
  16. ^ "Crunchyroll Adds Lily C.A.T. Video Anime to Catalog". Anime News Network. October 31, 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
  17. ^ "This account has been suspended until 08 December, 2285 – League of Legends Community". Euw.leagueoflegends.com. Retrieved 2014-03-12.

External links

23rd century BC

The 23rd century BC was a century which lasted from the year 2300 BC to 2201 BC.

Abaddon (The Outer Limits)

"Abaddon" is the fourteenth episode of the sixth season of The Outer Limits television show. It was first broadcast on July 7, 2000.

Abazu (Assyrian king)

Abazu (Akkadian: 𒀊𒀀𒍪, translit. Ab-a-zu) was an early Assyrian king. He is listed as the thirteenth among the "seventeen kings who lived in tents" on the Mesopotamian Chronicles. According to the Mesopotamian Chronicles, Abazu was preceded by Nuabu. Abazu is succeeded by Belu on the Mesopotamian Chronicles. Next to nothing is otherwise known about Abazu's reign.

Azarah

Azarah (Akkadian: 𒀀𒍝𒊏𒄴, translit. A-za-ra-aḫ) was an early Assyrian king. He is listed as the fifteenth among the, "seventeen kings who lived in tents" on the Mesopotamian Chronicles. According to the Mesopotamian Chronicles, Azarah was preceded by Belu. Azarah is succeeded by Ushpia on the Mesopotamian Chronicles. Next to nothing is otherwise known about Azarah's reign.

Enheduanna

Enheduanna (Sumerian: 𒂗𒃶𒌌𒀭𒈾, also transliterated as Enheduana, En-hedu-ana, or variants; fl. 23rd century BC) is the earliest known poet whose name has been recorded. She was the High Priestess of the goddess Inanna and the moon god Nanna (Sin). She lived in the Sumerian city-state of Ur.Enheduanna's contributions to Sumerian literature, definitively ascribed to her, include several personal devotions to Inanna and a collection of hymns known as the "Sumerian Temple Hymns". Further additional texts are ascribed to her. This makes her the first named author in world history.She was the first known woman to hold the title of EN, a role of great political importance that was often held by royal daughters. She was appointed to the role by her father, King Sargon of Akkad. Her mother was probably Queen Tashlultum.

Enheduanna was appointed to the role of High Priestess in a shrewd political move by Sargon to help secure power in the south of his kingdom, where the City of Ur was located.She continued to hold office during the reign of Rimush, her brother, when she was involved in some form of political turmoil, expelled, then eventually reinstated as high priestess. Her composition 'The Exaltation of Inanna' or ‘nin me šara’ details her expulsion from Ur and eventual reinstatement. This correlates with 'The Curse of Akkade' in which Naram-Sin, under whom Enheduanna may have also served, is cursed and cast out by Enlil. After her death, Enheduanna continued to be remembered as an important figure, perhaps even attaining semi-divine status.

Homeboys in Outer Space

Homeboys in Outer Space is an American science fiction/fantasy sitcom that aired on UPN from 1996 to 1997. The series stars comedian Flex and Darryl Bell.

List of 23rd-century lunar eclipses

See also: List of lunar eclipses, List of 22nd-century lunar eclipses, and List of 24th-century lunar eclipses

List of solar eclipses in the 23rd century

This is a list of solar eclipses that will occur in the 23rd century. During the period 2201 to 2300 there will be 248 solar eclipses of which 92 will be partial, 86 will be annular, 67 will be total, and 3 will be hybrids. The greatest number of eclipses in one year will be five, in 2206, and three months, December 2206, January 2261, and November 2282 will have two eclipses.

Lugal-zage-si

Lugal-Zage-Si (lugal-zag-ge4-si = LUGAL.ZAG.GI4.SI 𒈗𒍠𒄄𒋛; frequently spelled Lugalzaggesi, sometimes Lugalzagesi or "Lugal-Zaggisi") of Umma (reigned c. 2294 - 2270 BC short chronology) was the last Sumerian king before the conquest of Sumer by Sargon of Akkad and the rise of the Akkadian Empire, and was considered as the only king of the third dynasty of Uruk. He eventually united Sumer briefly as a single kingdom.

Manishtushu

Manishtushu (or Maništušu) was a king of the Akkadian Empire from 2270 to 2255 BC (Middle Chronology).

Merenre Nemtyemsaf I

Merenre Nemtyemsaf I (reigned 2287–2278 BC) was the fourth king of the Sixth Dynasty of Egypt. His nomen, theophorically referring to Nemty, was formerly read as Antyemsaf, a reading now known to be incorrect.

Nuabu

Nuabu (Akkadian: 𒉡𒀀𒁍, translit. Nu-a-bu) was an early Assyrian king. He is listed as the twelfth among the “seventeen kings who lived in tents” on the Mesopotamian Chronicles. According to the Mesopotamian Chronicles, Nuabu was preceded by Zuabu. Nuabu is succeeded by Abazu on the Mesopotamian Chronicles. Next to nothing is otherwise known about Nuabu's reign.

Pepi II Neferkare

Pepi II (also Pepy II; 2284 BC – after 2247 BC, probably either c. 2216 or c. 2184 BC) was a pharaoh of the Sixth Dynasty in Egypt's Old Kingdom who reigned from c. 2278 BC. His throne name, Neferkare (Nefer-ka-Re), means "Beautiful is the Ka of Re". He succeeded to the throne at age six, after the death of Merenre I.

He was traditionally thought to be the son of Pepi I and Queen Ankhesenpepi II but the South Saqqara Stone annals record that Merenre had a minimum reign of 11 years. Several 6th dynasty royal seals and stone blocks—the latter of which were found within the funerary temple of Queen Ankhesenpepi II, the known mother of Pepi II—were discovered in the 1999/2000 excavation season at Saqqara which demonstrate that she also married Merenre after Pepi I's death and became this king's chief wife. Inscriptions on these stone blocks give Ankhesenpepi II the royal titles of: "King's Wife of the Pyramid of Pepy I, King's Wife of the Pyramid of Merenre, King's Mother of the Pyramid of Pepy II".Therefore, today, many Egyptologists believe that Pepi II was likely Merenre's own son. Pepi II would, therefore, be Pepi I's grandson while Merenre was, most likely, Pepi II's father since he is known to have married Pepi II's known mother, Queen Ankhesenpepi II. This would also conform well with the evidence from the South Saqqara Stone which shows no coregency between the reigns of Pepi I and Merenre thus making it far more likely that Pepi II was Merenre's own son.

Pepi II's reign marked a sharp decline of the Old Kingdom. As the power of the nomarchs grew, the power of the pharaoh declined. With no dominant central power, local nobles began raiding each other's territories and the Old Kingdom came to an end within mere decades after the close of Pepi II's reign.

Pepi I Meryre

Pepi I Meryre (reigned 2332–2287 BC) was the third king of the Sixth dynasty of Egypt. His first throne name was Neferdjahor which the king later altered to Meryre meaning "beloved of Rê".

Sargon of Akkad

Sargon of Akkad (; Akkadian: Šarru-ukīn or Šarru-kēn, also known as Sargon the Great) was the first ruler of the Semitic-speaking Akkadian Empire, known for his conquests of the Sumerian city-states in the 24th to 23rd centuries BC.He was the founder of the "Sargonic" or "Old Akkadian" dynasty, which ruled for about a century after his death until the Gutian conquest of Sumer.

The Sumerian king list makes him the cup-bearer to king Ur-Zababa of Kish.

His empire is thought to have included most of Mesopotamia, parts of the Levant, besides incursions into Hurrite and Elamite territory, ruling from his (archaeologically as yet unidentified) capital, Akkad (also Agade).

Sargon appears as a legendary figure in Neo-Assyrian literature of the 8th to 7th centuries BC.

Tablets with fragments of a Sargon Birth Legend were found in the Library of Ashurbanipal.

Starship Troopers (film)

Starship Troopers is a 1997 American military science-fiction satire action film directed by Paul Verhoeven and written by Edward Neumeier. It originally came from an unrelated script called Bug Hunt at Outpost Nine, but eventually licensed the name Starship Troopers from a science fiction novel by Robert A. Heinlein. The story follows a young soldier named Johnny Rico and his exploits in the Mobile Infantry, a futuristic military unit. Rico's military career progresses from recruit to non-commissioned officer and finally to officer against the backdrop of an interstellar war between mankind and an insectoid species known as "Arachnids".

The only theatrically released film in the Starship Troopers film series, it received negative reviews from critics on release. It grossed $54.5 million in the US and a total of $121.2 million worldwide against its budget of $105 million. The film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects at the 70th Academy Awards in 1998. In 2012, Slant Magazine ranked the film #20 on its list of the 100 Best Films of the 1990s.

Tashlultum

Tashlultum (fl. ca. late 24th-early 23rd centuries BCE) was a wife of King Sargon of Akkad. Her name is known to archaeology only from a single shard of an alabaster vase or bowl with an inscription indicating it was dedicated to the temple by her steward.From this, it has been assumed (for lack of any conflicting information) that she was queen of Akkad and the mother of Sargon's children Enheduanna, Rimush, Manishtushu, Shu-Enlil and Ilaba'is-takal.

The Origin of Species (The Outer Limits)

"The Origin of Species" is an episode of The Outer Limits television show. It was first broadcast on November 14, 1998, during the fourth season, and is a sequel to a previous episode, "Double Helix".

Zuabu

Zuabu (Akkadian: 𒍪𒀀𒁍, translit. Zu-a-bu) was an early Assyrian king. He is listed as the eleventh among the "seventeen kings who lived in tents" within the Mesopotamian Chronicles. Zuabu was preceded by Hana, and succeeded by Nuabu. Next to nothing is otherwise known about Zuabu's reign.

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