221B Baker Street

221B Baker Street is the London address of the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes, created by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. In the United Kingdom, postal addresses with a number followed by a letter may indicate a separate address within a larger, often residential building. Baker Street in the late 19th century was a high-class residential district, and Holmes' apartment would probably have been part of a Georgian terrace.

At the time the Holmes stories were published, addresses in Baker Street did not go as high as 221. Baker Street was later extended, and in 1932 the Abbey National Building Society moved into premises at 219–229 Baker Street. For many years, Abbey National employed a full-time secretary to answer mail addressed to Sherlock Holmes. In 1990, a blue plaque signifying 221B Baker Street was installed at the Sherlock Holmes Museum, situated elsewhere on the same block, and there followed a 15-year dispute between Abbey National and the Holmes Museum for the right to receive mail addressed to 221B Baker Street.[1] Since the closure of Abbey House in 2005, ownership of the address by the Holmes Museum has not been challenged, despite its location between 237 and 241 Baker Street.

Baker Street 1890-2010's
Baker Street in 1890 and currently. N.85 was the last number of Baker Street in 1890 (until 1930). N.215–229 is the current building including N.22. N.239 is the Sherlock Holmes Museum, with "221B" written above the door.

Conan Doyle's intentions

We met next day as he had arranged, and inspected the rooms at No. 221B, Baker Street, of which he had spoken at our meeting. They consisted of a couple of comfortable bed-rooms and a single large airy sitting-room, cheerfully furnished, and illuminated by two broad windows.
(Arthur Conan Doyle, A Study in Scarlet, 1887)

When the "Sherlock Holmes" stories were first published, street numbers in Baker Street did not go as high as 221.

The section north of Marylebone Road near Regent's Park – now including 221 Baker Street – was known in Conan Doyle's lifetime as Upper Baker Street. In his first manuscript, Conan Doyle put Holmes' house in Upper Baker Street. However, a British crime novelist named Nigel Morland claimed that, late in Conan Doyle's life, he identified the junction of Baker Street and George Street, about 500 metres south of the Marylebone Road, as the location of 221B. Sherlockian experts have also held to alternative theories as to where the original 221B was located and have maintained that it was further down Baker Street.[2]

Real 221B Baker Street addresses

Abbey National

221b Baker Street Placa
The plaque on the former Abbey House HQ

When street numbers were reallocated in the 1930s, the block of odd numbers from 215 to 229 was assigned to an Art Deco building known as Abbey House, constructed in 1932 for the Abbey Road Building Society, which the society and its successor (which subsequently became Abbey National plc) occupied until 2002.[1]

Almost immediately, the building society started receiving correspondence from Sherlock Holmes fans all over the world, in such volumes that it appointed a permanent "secretary to Sherlock Holmes" to deal with it. A bronze plaque on the front of Abbey House carried a picture of Holmes and a quotation, but was removed from the building several years ago. Its present whereabouts are unknown. In 1999, Abbey National sponsored the creation of a bronze statue of Sherlock Holmes that now stands at the entrance to Baker Street Underground station.

Sherlock Holmes Museum

221B Baker Street, London - Sherlock Holmes Museum
221B Baker Street, London
221B Baker Street from inside
221B Baker Street from inside

The Sherlock Holmes Museum is situated within an 1815 townhouse very similar to the 221B described in the stories and is located between 237 and 241 Baker Street. It displays exhibits in period rooms, wax figures and Holmes memorabilia, with the famous study overlooking Baker Street the highlight of the museum. The description of the house can be found throughout the stories, including the 17 steps leading from the ground-floor hallway to the first-floor study.[3]

According to the published stories, "221B Baker Street" was a suite of rooms on the first floor of a lodging house above a flight of 17 steps.[3] The main study overlooked Baker Street, and Holmes' bedroom was adjacent to this room at the rear of the house, with Dr. Watson's bedroom being on the floor above, overlooking a rear yard that had a plane tree in it.[4][5]

Address controversy

The street number 221B was assigned to the Sherlock Holmes Museum on 27 March 1990 (replacing the logical address 239 Baker Street) when the Leader of Westminster City Council, Lady Shirley Porter, unveiled a blue plaque signifying the address of 221B Baker Street. She was invited to renumber the museum's building to coincide with its official opening (and because the number 221B had not been included in the original planning consent for the museum granted in October 1989).

A long-running dispute over the number arose between the Sherlock Holmes Museum, the building society Abbey National (which had previously answered the mail addressed to Sherlock Holmes) and subsequently the local Westminster City Council. The main objection to the Museum's role in answering the letters was that the number 221B bestowed on the Museum by the Council was out of sequence with the other numbers in the street: an issue that has since vexed local bureaucrats, who have striven for years to keep street numbers in sequence. In 2005, Abbey National vacated their headquarters in Baker Street, which left the museum to battle with Westminster City Council to end the dispute over the number, which had created negative publicity. Eventually the museum was granted special permission by the City of Westminster to bear the address of 221B Baker Street.[1]

In 2018 Quartz revealed that based on courts documents and the Panama Papers that the property was owned at least partially by relatives of Nursultan Nazarbayev, the Kazakhstani president.[6]

Sherlock Holmes Pub

Another version of Sherlock Holmes' apartment is at The Sherlock Holmes pub in Northumberland Street near Charing Cross railway station. This was originally a small hotel, the Northumberland Arms, but was refurbished and reopened under its present name in December 1957. Its owners, Whitbread & Co, were fortunate to own the entire Sherlock Holmes exhibit put together by Marylebone Borough Library and the Abbey National for the 1951 Festival of Britain. The pub was restored to a late Victorian form and the exhibit, a detailed replica of Holmes' fictional apartment, was installed on the upstairs floor.

In the United States, there is a pub/restaurant chain named "Baker Street Pub," that plays off of the Sherlock Holmes theme.[7] Some locations even have the iconic British red phone booth outside.[8]

In other media

Sherlock Holmes tableau 1
The sitting room of 221B Baker Street displayed at The Sherlock Holmes public house
Shooting Sherlock
Shooting the "221B Baker Street" exterior in North Gower Street

The fictional address has been portrayed in the following pastiches of Sherlock Holmes:

  • Basil of Baker Street resides in 221½ Baker Street, a mouse-hole beneath 221B Baker Street.[9]
  • Private detective Louie Knight moves into an office at 22/1B Stryd-y-Popty (which translates as Baker Street in Welsh) in Malcolm Pryce's Welsh Noir parody The Unbearable Lightness of Being in Aberystwyth.
  • The 1987 CBS movie The Return of Sherlock Holmes (not to be confused with the 1986 British television series of the same name) features Holmes, cryogenically frozen in 1899 and awakened in modern times, trying to adapt with the aid of Watson's granddaughter, Jane. He seeks out his old residence and finds the spot occupied by a McDonald's franchise.[10]
  • Dr. Gregory House, the protagonist of House, M.D., lives at 221 Baker Street, Apartment B, Princeton, NJ, 08542.[11]
  • Danger Mouse, in the cartoon show of the same name, lives in a pillar box near 221b Baker Street.[12] However, Danger Mouse is a loose parody of Danger Man and James Bond, rather than Sherlock Holmes. The pillar box is a stone's throw away from 221B Baker Street and Dr. Watson throws stones at them in apparent jealousy that he only works for the world's greatest detective, not the world's greatest secret agent in the episode "Where There's a Well, There's a Way".
  • In the Phryne Fisher series by Kerry Greenwood, the detective Hon. Phryne Fisher resides at 221 The Esplanade, St Kilda (Melbourne, Australia), which she renumbers to 221B in homage to Holmes.[13]
  • In Star Trek: The Next Generation, Data tells another crew member that Geordi La Forge can be found at 221b Baker St, episode 29 "Elementary, Dear Data", and 221b Baker St. is again referenced in episode 137 "Ship in a Bottle".[14]
  • In Season 2, Episode 1 of Elementary, Sherlock Holmes and Joan Watson visit London and stay in a second floor residence numbered 221B. Sherlock indicates he had happily resided there before his move to New York City.[15]
  • In the 2015 film Mr. Holmes, a long-retired Holmes (Ian McKellen) remarks that the Baker Street address is one of several fictitious details created by Watson, who wrote the cases up as sensationalist stories for publication. In a flashback, as curious onlookers gather outside 221B, Holmes watches from a window of his actual residence nearby and congratulates a client for finding the right address.[16]
  • The BBC Television series Sherlock has used 187 North Gower Street to represent 221B Baker Street for shooting the exterior scenes of Sherlock Holmes' flat. The location is near Euston railway station, and roughly a mile away from the real Baker Street.[17]
  • In the 2012-15 Australian television series Miss Fisher's Murder Mysteries, the title character of The Honourable Phryne Fisher (Essie Davis) lives at 221B Baker Street in Melbourne, Victoria.[18]

References

  1. ^ a b c Stamp, Jimmy (July 18, 2012). "The Mystery of 221B Baker Street". Smithsonian. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
  2. ^ Holyroyd, James Edward (1994). Baker Street By-Ways. Otto Penzler Books. ISBN 978-1-883402-71-6.
  3. ^ a b Conan Doyle, Arthur (1892), "A Scandal in Bohemia", The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, ISBN 978-0-7607-1577-2 (
  4. ^ Conan Doyle, Arthur (1927), "The Problem of Thor Bridge", The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes, ISBN 978-0-7195-3012-8.
  5. ^ "Sherlock Holmes 101", Washington Post, 11 January 2004
  6. ^ Haldevang, Max de. "221b Baker Street and the president of Kazakhstan's daughter Dariga Nazarbayeva and grandson Nurali Aliyev". Quartz. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  7. ^ "Baker St. Pub & Grill". bakerstreetpub.com.
  8. ^ "Sugar Land - Baker St. Pub & Grill". bakerstreetpub.com.
  9. ^ Alan Barnes (2002). Sherlock Holmes on Screen. Reynolds & Hearn Ltd. p. 55. ISBN 1-903111-04-8.
  10. ^ Alan Barnes (2002). Sherlock Holmes on Screen. Reynolds & Hearn Ltd. pp. 119–121. ISBN 1-903111-04-8.
  11. ^ Paunescu, Della (7 May 2018). "25 Things You Didn't Know About House". Elle. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  12. ^ "How Danger Mouse became king of the TV ratings". BBC. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  13. ^ Greenwood, Kerry (1990). Flying Too High. Australia: McPhee Gribble. ISBN 978-0869142158.
  14. ^ Alan Barnes (2002). Sherlock Holmes on Screen. Reynolds & Hearn Ltd. pp. 201–202. ISBN 1-903111-04-8.
  15. ^ Grubbs, Jefferson (30 October 2013). "'Elementary' Season 2 Recap Will Help You Solve the Case of Your Missing Memories Before Season 3 Premieres". Bustle. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  16. ^ Kermode, Mark (22 Jun 2015). "Mr Holmes review – the old sleuth on the trail of his younger self". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  17. ^ Adams, Guy (2012). Sherlock: The Casebook. Titan Books. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-84990-425-4.
  18. ^ Burt, Katyl (8 March 2017). "Miss Fisher's Murder Mysteries: The Feminist Sherlock You Should Be Watching". Den of Geek. Retrieved 27 November 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 51°31′24″N 0°09′30″W / 51.52333°N 0.15833°W

221B Baker Street (board game)

221B Baker Street: The Master Detective Game is a board game featuring Arthur Conan Doyle's fictional detective Sherlock Holmes and developed by Jay Moriarty (dba Antler Productions) in 1975 and sold by the John N. Hansen Co. in the US since 1977. The players have to solve cases using the clues provided by visiting locations on the board such as 221B Baker Street, Scotland Yard, Apothecary and Pawn Broker.

The original game has twenty cases, but there are eight expansion sets of 20 cases each for a total of 180 cases available for play, created thru 1986. A new Deluxe Edition of 221 B Baker Street, published by Hansen, has been released in the U.S. in 2016. This Deluxe Edition contains the original 180 cases plus 20 all-new cases for a complete set of 200 cases. The Deluxe Edition also includes all new artwork, board design, and collectible Sherlockian metal tokens. The original game has been licensed for sale in the UK (Gibsons Games), Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Brazil and Romania. Editions of the game published by Gibson have reproduced almost 40 of the 180 cases of the Hansen edition (basically taking from the 20 original cases plus the 20 from the first expansion), but also included 60 new cases for a total of 100. Their recent 2014 edition has 75 cases taken from their 100. The Brazilian version is titled Scotland Yard and translated in Portuguese.

A sequel game, 221 B Baker Street: Sherlock Holmes and the Time Machine came out around 1996, but is no longer published in the U.S. However, a Time Machine version of the game has been released in Brazil (2016-17) titled Scotland Yard: Sherlock Holmes & The Time Machine and features 40 Cases.

221B Baker Street (disambiguation)

221B Baker Street is the fictional residence of Sherlock Holmes.

221B Baker Street may also refer to:

221B Baker Street (board game), a 1975 board game about Sherlock Holmes

221B Baker Street (video game), a 1987 computer video game about Sherlock Holmes

"221B Baker Street", the first episode of the 2013 Russian TV series Sherlock Holmes

221B Baker Street (video game)

221B Baker Street is a 1986 computer game published by Datasoft, based on an earlier board game of the same name. The game was inspired by the exploits of Arthur Conan Doyle's fictional detective Sherlock Holmes and derives its title from the detective's residence at 221B Baker Street in London.

221 (disambiguation)

221 may refer to:

In time:

The year:

221 AD

221 BCIn geography:

Roads:

U.S. Route 221 in VirginiaIn transportation:

Aircraft:

The Boeing 221 mail planeIn weapons:

Firearms:

The .221 Remington Fireball pistol cartridgeIn fiction:

221B Baker Street, the address of Sherlock Holmes

221 (number)

221 (two hundred [and] twenty-one) is the natural number following 220 and preceding 222.

Baker Street

Baker Street is a street in the Marylebone district of the City of Westminster in London. It is named after builder William Baker, who laid out the street in the 18th century. The street is most famous for its connection to the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes, who lived at a fictional 221B Baker Street address on the north of the street. The area was originally high class residential, but now is mainly occupied by commercial premises.

Baker Street (disambiguation)

Baker Street is a street in London. The term may also refer to:

Baker Street (album), a 1998 album by Gerry Rafferty

"Baker Street" (song) by Gerry Rafferty, first released 1978

Baker Street (comics), published between 1989 and 1991, which places Sherlock Holmes in an alternative Victorian England

Alternate name for the 2008 feature film The Bank Job, based on the 1971 Baker Street robbery

Baker Street (musical) (1965), based on Sherlock Holmes

Baker Street (Nelson, BC), a historic street in Canada

Baker Street, Essex, a location near Grays Thurrock in England

Baker Street, a street in Nelson, British Columbia, Canada

Baker Street tube station on the London Underground

Baker Street Station (Fort Wayne, Indiana), a former Pennsylvania Railroad station in Indiana

Basil of Baker Street

Basil of Baker Street is a series of children's novels written by Eve Titus and illustrated by Paul Galdone. The stories focus on Basil of Baker Street and his personal biographer Doctor David Q. Dawson. Together they solve the many crimes and cases of the mouse world. Both live in Holmestead, a mouse community built in the cellar of 221B Baker Street, where Sherlock Holmes is a tenant upstairs. The five books were originally published from 1958 to 1982. Disney's 26th animated film was based on the Basil novels and titled The Great Mouse Detective which was released in 1986. Alternatively, Basil of Baker Street is both the name of the main character and the title of the first novel in the series, published in 1958, by Whittlesey House, a McGraw-Hill imprint.

Erasing Sherlock

Erasing Sherlock is an original novel by Kelly Hale set in the Faction Paradox universe.It is the last Faction Paradox novel to be published by Mad Norwegian Press, though not the last in the series. It was later republished by Hale, with references to Faction Paradox material removed, after the Mad Norwegian Press edition went out of print. Although taking place in a shared universe, either edition of the book is a stand-alone work that does not require any prior knowledge of Faction Paradox.

The novel was adapted by Kelly Hale from a previous work that she wrote, Erasing Sherlock Holmes, which won a $10,000 award in the Great North American Fiction Contest and was published as an e-book by PublishingOnline.com. It has been described as a "fascinating (and undeservedly obscure) novel" and reviewed in publications ranging from various Sherlock Holmes Society publications to the science fiction, Aeon Magazine.

Gasogene

The gasogene (or gazogene or seltzogene) is a late Victorian device for producing carbonated water. It consists of two linked glass globes: the lower contained water or other drink to be made sparkling, the upper a mixture of tartaric acid and sodium bicarbonate that reacts to produce carbon dioxide. The produced gas pushes the liquid in the lower container up a tube and out of the device. The globes are surrounded by a wicker or wire protective mesh, as they have a tendency to explode.The earliest occurrence of the word noted in the Oxford English Dictionary dates from 1853, quoting a reference in Practical Mechanic's Journal on "Gaillard and Dubois' 'Gazogene' or Aerated Water apparatus".

John Callen

John Callen (born November 4, 1946) is an English-born New Zealand character actor, voiceover artist and director. He is best known for portraying Óin, brother of Glóin in the 2012-2014 The Hobbit film trilogy.Thirteen full-size actors played dwarves in The Hobbit (film series). John Callen's character, Óin is the doctor of the group. Óin's a distant relative of Thorin and uncle to Gimli from The Lord of the Rings.He has performed in movies, including The Rainbow Warrior (film) (as Prime Minister) David Lange), and TV shows, including The Tribe, and lent his voice to Power Rangers Jungle Fury. He has performed in Goodbye Pork Pie, Pictures, Send a Gorilla, Feathers of Peace, Fly (Best Actor in a Short Film), Treasure Island Kids (x3), Love Birds in 2010 (with Sally Hawkins and Rhys Darby), and many TV series and films including Close to Home, Pioneer Women, Roche, Moynihan, 221B Baker Street, Xena – Amazon High (with Selma Blair and Karl Urban), The Man Who Lost His Head (with Martin Clunes), and Bliss (2010).

He has also directed many works for television including Shortland Street, The Tribe, Epitaph, Taonga, and The Kiwi Who Saved Britain (2010). He has performed in and/or directed more than 100 stage plays including performances as Macbeth, Shylock, Polonius and Claudius, and has won best actor and best supporting actor for his theatre work.

He has appeared in a number of TV adverts and voiced more than 120 documentaries and thousands of adverts.

Perils of Paranoia

"Perils of Paranoia" is the eighth episode of the eighth season of the American television medical drama series House and the 163rd overall episode of the series. It aired on Fox on November 28, 2011.

A district attorney appears to suffer from a heart attack while cross-examining a witness. The initial diagnosis is hyper-anxiety, but the team finds an arsenal at the patient's home and start to believe that his extreme paranoia is a physical symptom. Wilson becomes convinced that House is hiding something at 221B Baker Street, which leads to an epic battle of wits between the two men. Park tries to be more social with her workmates, while Taub and Chase wonder why Foreman hasn't had a romantic relationship in a while.

Sherlock Holmes

Sherlock Holmes ( or ) is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Referring to himself as a "consulting detective" in the stories, Holmes is known for his proficiency with observation, forensic science, and logical reasoning that borders on the fantastic, which he employs when investigating cases for a wide variety of clients, including Scotland Yard.

First appearing in print in 1887's A Study in Scarlet, the character's popularity became widespread with the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine, beginning with "A Scandal in Bohemia" in 1891; additional tales appeared from then until 1927, eventually totalling four novels and 56 short stories. All but one are set in the Victorian or Edwardian eras, between about 1880 and 1914. Most are narrated by the character of Holmes's friend and biographer Dr. Watson, who usually accompanies Holmes during his investigations and often shares quarters with him at the address of 221B Baker Street, London, where many of the stories begin.

Though not the first fictional detective, Sherlock Holmes is arguably the best known, with Guinness World Records listing him as the "most portrayed movie character" in history. Holmes's popularity and fame are such that many have believed him to be not a fictional character but a real individual; numerous literary and fan societies have been founded that pretend to operate on this principle. Widely considered a British cultural icon, the character and stories have had a profound and lasting effect on mystery writing and popular culture as a whole, with the original tales as well as thousands written by authors other than Conan Doyle being adapted into stage and radio plays, television, films, video games, and other media for over one hundred years.

Sherlock Holmes Museum

The Sherlock Holmes Museum is a privately run museum in London, England, dedicated to the famous fictional detective Sherlock Holmes. It is the world´s first museum dedicated to the literary character Sherlock Holmes. It opened in 1990 and is situated in Baker Street, bearing the number 221B by permission of the City of Westminster, although it lies between numbers 237 and 241, near the north end of Baker Street in central London close to Regent's Park.The Georgian town house which the museum occupies as "221B Baker Street" was built in 1815 and was formerly used as a boarding house from 1860 to 1936, and covers the period of 1881 to 1904 when the stories describe Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson residing there as tenants of Mrs Hudson. The house is listed Grade 2 by the Government because of its special architectural and historical features. The museum features exhibits items from several different adaptations of Sherlock Holmes, and recreations of scenes from the 1984 Granada Television series Sherlock Holmes.

Statue of Sherlock Holmes, London

A statue of Sherlock Holmes by the sculptor John Doubleday stands near the supposed site of 221B Baker Street, the fictional detective's address in London. Unveiled on 23 September 1999, the sculpture was funded by the Abbey National building society, whose headquarters were on the purported site of the famous address. As no site was available on Baker Street itself the statue was installed outside Baker Street tube station, on Marylebone Road. Doubleday had previously produced a statue of Holmes for the town of Meiringen in Switzerland, below the Reichenbach Falls whence the detective fell to his apparent death in the story "The Final Problem".

The Adventure of the Sealed Room

The Adventure of the Sealed Room is a Sherlock Holmes murder mystery by Adrian Conan Doyle. The story was published in the 1954 collection, The Exploits of Sherlock Holmes, a joint enterprise of Adrian Conan Doyle and John Dickson Carr.

It expands on the comment by Doctor Watson in "The Adventure of the Engineer's Thumb": "Of all the problems which have been submitted to my friend, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, for solution during the years of our intimacy, there were only two which I was the means of introducing to his notice -- that of Mr. Hatherley's thumb, and that of Colonel Warburton's madness."

Rising early one morning for his medical practice, Dr Watson discovers that his first patient is Cora Murray, his wife's friend. She informs Watson that Colonel Warburton is dead and his wife Eleanor Warburton is horribly wounded. Because the couple had locked themselves in a room with a collection of Indian antiquities before the gunshots were heard, the incident appears to be a murder-suicide caused by a sudden fit of madness in the Colonel.

Watson escorts Miss Murray to Sherlock Holmes' residence at 221B Baker Street, and Holmes soon becomes interested in the case. Holmes learns that Miss Murray, Major Earnshaw, and Captain Lasher (the Colonel's nephew) were all in the house at the time of the tragedy, along with a sinister Indian servant.

"Indeed, when Major Earnshaw and Captain Lasher and I burst into that locked room, my most distinct memory is the smell of Colonel Warburton's cigar."

This casual remark was followed by a moment of intense silence. Sherlock Holmes had sprung to his feet, the cigar–box in his hand, and was staring down at Miss Murray.

"I would not distress you, madam, but are you quite sure of what you say?"

The Sherlock Holmes

The Sherlock Holmes is a Victorian era themed public house in Northumberland Street near Charing Cross railway station and Trafalgar Square which contains a large collection of memorabilia related to the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes. The original collection was put together for display in Baker Street in London during the Festival of Britain in 1951.

The Three Garridebs

The Three Garridebs is a 1937 television presentation that aired on NBC, based on Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's 1924 story "The Adventure of the Three Garridebs". Louis Hector played Sherlock Holmes, the first actor to do so on television.

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