2020 United States presidential election

The 2020 United States presidential election, scheduled for Tuesday, November 3, 2020, will be the 59th quadrennial U.S. presidential election. Voters will select presidential electors who in turn on December 14, 2020,[1] will either elect a new president and vice president or re-elect the incumbents. In the event that no candidate receives the minimum 270 electoral votes needed to win the election, the United States House of Representatives will select the president from three candidates that received the most electoral votes, and the United States Senate will select the vice president from the candidates that received the two highest totals. The series of presidential primary elections and caucuses are likely to be held during the first six months of 2020. This nominating process is also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots selecting a slate of delegates to a political party's nominating convention, who then in turn elect their party's presidential nominee.

President Donald Trump of the Republican Party, who was elected in 2016, is seeking re-election to a second term. The winner of the 2020 presidential election is scheduled to be inaugurated on January 20, 2021.

2020 United States presidential election

November 3, 2020

538 members of the Electoral College
270 electoral votes needed to win

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The electoral map for the 2020 election, based on populations from the 2010 Census.

Incumbent President

Donald Trump
Republican


Background

Procedure

Article Two of the United States Constitution states that for a person to serve as president of the United States the individual must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, at least 35 years old and a United States resident for at least 14 years. Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the various political parties of the United States, in which case each party develops a method (such as a primary election) to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. The primary elections are usually indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate. The party's delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. The nominee typically chooses a vice presidential running mate to form that party's presidential ticket, who is then ratified by the delegates (with the exception of the Libertarian Party, which nominates its vice presidential candidate by delegate vote regardless of the nominee's preference). The general election in November is also an indirect election, in which voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College; these electors then directly elect the president and vice president.[2]

In August 2018, the Democratic National Committee voted to disallow superdelegates from voting on the first ballot of the nominating process, beginning with the 2020 election. This would require a candidate to win a majority of pledged delegates from the assorted primary elections in order to win the party's nomination. The last time this did not occur was the nomination of Adlai Stevenson II at the 1952 Democratic National Convention.[3]

The Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution states that an individual cannot be elected to the presidency more than twice. This prohibits former Presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama from being elected president again. Former president Jimmy Carter, having served a single term as president, is not constitutionally prohibited from being elected to another term in the 2020 election.

Demographic trends

The age group of what will then be people in the 18- to 45-year-old bracket is expected to represent just under 40 percent of the United States' eligible voters in 2020. It is expected that more than 30 percent of eligible American voters will be nonwhite.[4]

A bipartisan report indicates that changes in voter demographics since the 2016 election could impact the results of the 2020 election. African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, and other ethnic minorities, as well as "whites with a college degree", are expected to all increase their percentage of national eligible voters by 2020, while "whites without a college degree" will decrease. This shift is potentially an advantage for the Democratic nominee; however, due to geographical differences, this could still lead to President Trump (or a different Republican nominee) winning the Electoral College while still losing the popular vote, possibly by an even larger margin than in 2016.[5]

Additionally, Washington, D.C. may lower its voting age from 18 to 16. Legislation was introduced by City Councilman Charles Allen in April 2018, with a public hearing in June, and a vote by the end of the year. Unlike other cities with a voting age of 16 such as Berkeley, California, this would allow 16- and 17-year-olds to vote for president of the United States for the first time in 2020. Allen said that he was inspired by the high school students that participated in the March for Our Lives, which occurred at the capital in March.[6]

Simultaneous elections

The presidential election will occur simultaneously with elections to the Senate and the House of Representatives. Several states will also hold state gubernatorial and state legislative elections. Following the election, the United States House will redistribute the seats among the 50 states based on the results of the 2020 United States Census, and the states will conduct a redistricting of Congressional and state legislative districts. In most states, the governor and the state legislature conduct the redistricting (although some states have redistricting commissions), and often a party that wins a presidential election experiences a coattail effect that also helps other candidates of that party win elections.[7] Therefore, the party that wins the 2020 presidential election could also win a significant advantage in the drawing of new Congressional and state legislative districts that would stay in effect until the 2032 elections.[8]

Nominations

Republican Party

Donald Trump is eligible to run for re-election and has signaled his intention to do so.[9] His re-election campaign has been ongoing since his victory in 2016, leading pundits to describe his tactic of holding rallies continuously throughout his presidency as a "never-ending campaign".[10] On January 20, 2017, at 5:11 p.m., he submitted a letter as a substitute of FEC Form 2, by which he reached the legal threshold for filing, in compliance with the Federal Election Campaign Act.[11]

Beginning in August 2017, reports arose that members of the Republican Party were preparing a "shadow campaign" against Trump, particularly from the moderate or establishment wings of the party. Then-Arizona Senator John McCain said that "[Republicans] see weakness in this president."[12] Maine Senator Susan Collins, Kentucky Senator Rand Paul, and former New Jersey Governor Chris Christie all expressed doubts in 2017 that Trump would be the 2020 nominee, with Collins stating "it's too difficult to say."[13][14] Senator Jeff Flake claimed in 2017 that Trump was "inviting" a primary challenger by the way he was governing.[15] Longtime political strategist Roger Stone, however, predicted in May 2018 that Trump might not seek a second term were he to succeed in keeping all of his campaign promises and "mak[ing] America great again".[16]

On January 25, 2019, the Republican National Committee unofficially endorsed Trump, and began coordinating with the campaign organization.

On April 15, 2019, former Massachusetts Governor Bill Weld became Trump's first official challenger in the Republican primaries.[17] Weld, who was the Libertarian Party's nominee for Vice President in 2016, is considered a long shot because his libertarian views on several political positions such as abortion rights, gay marriage and marijuana legalization conflict with traditionalist conservative positions.[18]

Declared major candidates

Name Born Experience State Campaign
Announcement date
Ref.
Donald Trump official portrait (cropped)
Donald Trump
June 14, 1946
(age 73)
Queens, New York
President of the United States (2017–present) Flag of New York
New York
TrumpPence20logo
Campaign
Campaign (informal): February 17, 2017
Campaign (formal): June 18, 2019

FEC filing[19]
[20]
Bill Weld campaign portrait
Bill Weld
July 31, 1945
(age 73)
Smithtown, New York
Governor of Massachusetts (1991–1997)
Libertarian nominee for Vice President in 2016
Republican nominee for U.S. Senate from Massachusetts in 1996
Flag of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bill-weld-2020 logo
Campaign
Exploratory committee: February 15, 2019
Campaign: April 15, 2019

FEC filing[21]
[22]

Individuals who have publicly expressed interest

Individuals in this section have expressed an interest in running for president within the last six months.

Endorsements

Democratic Party

After Hillary Clinton's loss in the previous election, the Democratic Party was seen largely as leaderless[27] and fractured between the centrist Clinton wing and the more progressive Sanders wing of the party, echoing the rift brought up in the 2016 primary election.[28][29]

This divide between the establishment and progressive wings of the party has been reflected in several elections leading up to the 2020 primaries, most notably in 2017 with the election for DNC Chair between Tom Perez and Sanders-backed progressive Keith Ellison:[30] Perez was elected chairman, but Ellison was appointed the deputy chair, a largely ceremonial role. In 2018, several U.S. House districts that Democrats hoped to gain from the Republican majority had contentious primary elections. These clashes were described by Politico's Elena Schneider as a "Democratic civil war".[31] Meanwhile, there has been a general shift to the left in regards to college tuition, healthcare, and immigration among Democrats in the Senate, likely to build up credentials for the upcoming primary election.[32][33]

Perez has commented that the 2020 primary field would likely go into double-digits, rivaling the size of the 2016 GOP primary, which consisted of 17 major candidates, setting a then-record for the largest presidential primary field for any political party in American history.[34][35] Several female candidates are expected to enter the race, increasing the likelihood of the Democrats nominating a woman for the second time in a row.[36] Speculation also mounted that Democrats' best bet to defeat President Trump would be to nominate their own celebrity or businessperson with no government experience, most notably Oprah Winfrey after her memorable speech at the 75th Golden Globe Awards.[37]

The topic of age has been brought up among the most likely front-runners: former Vice President Joe Biden, Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren, and Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders, who will be 78, 71, and 79 respectively on inauguration day. Former Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid (who will be 81 on inauguration day) described the trio as "an old folks' home", expressing a need for fresh faces to step up and lead the party.[38]

With 24 major candidates, as of June 4, 2019, the 2020 Democratic primary field broke the aforementioned 2016 GOP primary's record for the largest presidential primary field for any political party in American history.[35]

Declared major candidates

Name Born Experience State Campaign
Announcement date
Ref.
Michael Bennet Official Photo (cropped)
Michael Bennet
November 28, 1964
(age 54)
New Delhi, India
U.S. Senator from Colorado (2009–present) Flag of Colorado
Colorado
Michael Bennet 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Campaign: May 2, 2019
FEC filing[39]
[40]
Joe Biden 2013
Joe Biden
November 20, 1942
(age 76)
Scranton, Pennsylvania
Vice President of the United States (2009–2017)
U.S. Senator from Delaware (1973–2009)
Democratic candidate for President in 1988 and 2008
Flag of Delaware
Delaware
Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Campaign: April 25, 2019
FEC filing[41]
[42]
Cory Booker, official portrait, 114th Congress
Cory Booker
April 27, 1969
(age 50)
Washington, D.C.
U.S. Senator from New Jersey (2013–present)
Mayor of Newark, New Jersey (2006–2013)
Flag of New Jersey
New Jersey
Cory Booker 2020 Logo
Campaign
Campaign: February 1, 2019
FEC filing[43]
[44]
Montana Governor Steve Bullock (28963844060) (cropped) (cropped)
Steve Bullock
April 11, 1966
(age 53)
Missoula, Montana
Governor of Montana (2013–present)
Attorney General of Montana (2009–2013)
Flag of Montana
Montana
Steve Bullock 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Campaign: May 14, 2019
FEC filing[45]
[46][47]
Pete Buttigieg by Gage Skidmore
Pete Buttigieg
January 19, 1982
(age 37)
South Bend, Indiana
Mayor of South Bend, Indiana (2012–present)
Democratic nominee for State Treasurer of Indiana in 2010
Flag of Indiana
Indiana
Pete for America logo (Strato Blue)
Campaign
Exploratory committee: January 23, 2019
Campaign: April 14, 2019

FEC filing[48]
[49]
Julián Castro's Official HUD Portrait (cropped)
Julian Castro
September 16, 1974
(age 44)
San Antonio, Texas
U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (2014–2017)
Mayor of San Antonio, Texas (2009–2014)
Flag of Texas
Texas
Julian Castro 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
December 12, 2018
Campaign: January 12, 2019

FEC filing[50]
[51]
Bill de Blasio 11-2-2013
Bill de Blasio
May 8, 1961
(age 58)
Manhattan, New York
Mayor of New York City, New York (2014–present) Flag of New York
New York
Bill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Campaign: May 16, 2019
FEC filing[52]
[53]
John Delaney 113th Congress official photo (cropped) 2
John Delaney
April 16, 1963
(age 56)
Wood-Ridge, New Jersey
U.S. Representative from MD-06 (2013–2019) Flag of Maryland
Maryland
John Delaney 2020 logo
Campaign
Campaign: July 28, 2017
FEC filing[54]
[55]
Tulsi Gabbard, official portrait, 113th Congress (cropped 3)
Tulsi Gabbard
April 12, 1981
(age 38)
Leloaloa, American Samoa
U.S. Representative from HI-02 (2013–present) Flag of Hawaii
Hawaii
Tulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaign logo black
Campaign
Campaign: January 11, 2019
FEC filing[56]
[57]
Kirsten Gillibrand, official portrait, 112th Congress (cropped)
Kirsten Gillibrand
December 9, 1966
(age 52)
Albany, New York
U.S. Senator from New York (2009–present)
U.S. Representative from NY-20 (2007–2009)
Flag of New York
New York
Gillibrand2020Logo
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
January 15, 2019
Campaign: March 17, 2019

FEC filing[58]
[59]
Mike Gravel cropped
Mike Gravel
May 13, 1930
(age 89)
Springfield, Massachusetts
U.S. Senator from Alaska (1969–1981)
Democratic and Libertarian candidate for President in 2008
Flag of California
California
Gravel Mg web logo line two color
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
March 19, 2019
Campaign: April 8, 2019

FEC filing[60]
[61]
Kamala Harris official photo (cropped)
Kamala Harris
October 20, 1964
(age 54)
Oakland, California
U.S. Senator from California (2017–present)
Attorney General of California (2011–2017)
Flag of California
California
Kamala Harris 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Campaign: January 21, 2019
FEC filing[62]
[63]
John Hickenlooper by Gage Skidmore
John Hickenlooper
February 7, 1952
(age 67)
Narberth, Pennsylvania
Governor of Colorado (2011–2019)
Mayor of Denver, Colorado (2003–2011)
Flag of Colorado
Colorado
John Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Campaign: March 4, 2019
FEC filing[64]
[65]
Jay Inslee official portrait (cropped 2)
Jay Inslee
February 9, 1951
(age 68)
Seattle, Washington
Governor of Washington (2013–present)
U.S. Representative from WA-01 (1999–2012)
U.S. Representative from WA-04 (1993–1995)
Flag of Washington
Washington
Jay Inslee 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Campaign: March 1, 2019
FEC filing[66]
[67]
Amy Klobuchar, official portrait, 113th Congress (cropped 2)
Amy Klobuchar
May 25, 1960
(age 59)
Plymouth, Minnesota
U.S. Senator from Minnesota (2007–present) Flag of Minnesota
Minnesota
Amy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Campaign: February 10, 2019
FEC filing[68]
[69]
Mayor Messam
Wayne Messam
June 7, 1974
(age 45)
South Bay, Florida
Mayor of Miramar, Florida (2015–present) Flag of Florida
Florida
Wayne Messam 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
March 13, 2019
Campaign: March 28, 2019

FEC filing[70]
[71]
Seth Moulton (cropped 2)
Seth Moulton
October 24, 1978
(age 40)
Salem, Massachusetts
U.S. Representative from MA-06 (2015–present) Flag of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Seth Moulton 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Campaign: April 22, 2019
FEC filing[72]
[73]
Beto O'Rourke, Official portrait, 113th Congress (cropped 3)
Beto O'Rourke
September 26, 1972
(age 46)
El Paso, Texas
U.S. Representative from TX-16 (2013–2019)
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senate from Texas in 2018
Flag of Texas
Texas
Beto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Campaign: March 14, 2019
FEC filing[74]
[75]
Rep. Tim Ryan Congressional Head Shot 2010 (cropped 3)
Tim Ryan
July 16, 1973
(age 45)
Niles, Ohio
U.S. Representative from OH-13 (2013–present)
U.S. Representative from OH-17 (2003–2013)
Flag of Ohio
Ohio
Timryan2020
Campaign
Campaign: April 4, 2019
FEC filing[76]
[77]
Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders
September 8, 1941
(age 77)
Brooklyn, New York
U.S. Senator from Vermont (2007–present)
U.S. Representative from VT-AL (1991–2007)
Mayor of Burlington, Vermont (1981–1989)
Democratic candidate for President in 2016
Flag of Vermont
Vermont
Bernie Sanders 2020 logo
Campaign
Campaign: February 19, 2019
FEC filing[78]
[79]
Eric Swalwell 114th official photo (cropped)
Eric Swalwell
November 16, 1980
(age 38)
Sac City, Iowa
U.S. Representative from CA-15 (2013–present) Flag of California
California
Eric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Campaign: April 8, 2019
FEC filing[80]
[81]
Elizabeth Warren, official portrait, 114th Congress (cropped)(2)
Elizabeth Warren
June 22, 1949
(age 69)
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
U.S. Senator from Massachusetts (2013–present) Flag of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Elizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
December 31, 2018
Campaign: February 9, 2019

FEC filing[82]
[83]
Marianne Williamson - 33252886458 (cropped)
Marianne Williamson
July 8, 1952
(age 66)
Houston, Texas
Author, lecturer, and activist
Independent candidate for U.S. Representative from CA-33 in 2014
Flag of California
California
Marianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
November 15, 2018
Campaign: January 28, 2019

FEC filing[84]
[85]
Andrew Yang talking about urban entrepreneurship at Techonomy Conference 2015 in Detroit, MI (cropped)
Andrew Yang
January 13, 1975
(age 44)
Schenectady, New York
Entrepreneur, philanthropist, and founder of Venture for America Flag of New York
New York
Andrew Yang 2020 logo
Campaign
Campaign: November 6, 2017
FEC filing[86]
[87]

Withdrawn candidates

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign Ref
MAJ Richard Ojeda
Richard Ojeda
September 25, 1970
(age 48)
Rochester, Minnesota
West Virginia State Senator (2016–2019)
Democratic nominee for U.S. Representative from WV-03 in 2018
Major, United States Army (1988–2013)
Flag of West Virginia
West Virginia
Ojeda 2020
Campaign
Announced: November 11, 2018
FEC filing[88]
Suspended: January 25, 2019
[89][90]

Individuals who have publicly expressed interest

Individuals in this section have expressed an interest in running for president within the last six months, as of June 2019.

Endorsements

Libertarian Party

Libertarian debates are being held at multiple state conventions[94], as well as bi-weekly on the We Are Libertarians podcast.

Declared candidates

Name Born Current or previous positions State Announced Ref
Kokesh2013
Adam Kokesh
February 1, 1982
(age 37)
San Francisco, California
Libertarian and anti-war political activist
Candidate for U.S. Senate in 2018
Candidate for U.S. Representative from New Mexico in 2010
Flag of Arizona
Arizona
January 13, 2018
AdamKokesh2020CampaignLogo
FEC Filing[95]
[96]
John McAfee by Gage Skidmore
John McAfee
September 18, 1945
(age 73)
Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire,
United Kingdom
Founder and CEO of McAfee, Inc. 1987–1994
Candidate for President in 2016
Flag of Tennessee
Tennessee
June 3, 2018
McAfee 2020 logo
(Campaign)
Lozwp DSC00677
Vermin Supreme
June 1961
(age 57)
Rockport, Massachusetts
Performance artist and activist
Candidate for President in 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016
Candidate for Mayor of Detroit, Michigan in 1989
Candidate for Mayor of Baltimore, Maryland in 1987
Flag of Kansas
Kansas
May 28, 2018
Vermin Supreme A Dictator You Can Trust
[97]
Arvin Vohra on The Tatiana Show
Arvin Vohra
May 9, 1979
(age 40)
Silver Spring, Maryland
Vice Chair of the LNC 2014–2018
Libertarian nominee for U.S. Senate from Maryland in 2018
Libertarian nominee for U.S. Representative in 2012 and 2014
Candidate for U.S. Senate in 2016
Flag of Maryland
Maryland
July 3, 2018
framless
[98]

The following candidate has established an exploratory committee, but does not have a campaign website:

Withdrawn candidates

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign Ref
Zoltan Istvan public profile photo (cropped)
Zoltan Istvan
March 30, 1973
(aged 45)
Los Angeles, California
Transhumanist activist and futurist
Transhumanist nominee for President in 2016
candidate for Governor of California in 2018
Flag of California
California
Announced campaign:
November 25, 2017

Suspended campaign:
January 11, 2019 (publicly revealed)

[100][101]

|}

Publicly expressed interest

Individuals in this section have expressed an interest in running for president within the last six months.

Green Party

Declared candidates

Name Born Experience State Campaign
Announcement date
Ref
Sedinam Curry (cropped)
Sedinam Kinamo Christin
Moyowasifza-Curry
January 1, 1962
(age 57)
Los Angeles, California[103]
People's National Convention organizer
Green candidate for President in 2016
Flag of California
California
Announced campaign: July 29, 2015
Not Yet Filed With FEC
[104]
Hawkins 2010
Howie Hawkins
December 8, 1952
(age 66)
San Francisco, California
Co-Founder of the Green Party
Green nominee for Governor of New York in 2010, 2014, and 2018
Green nominee for U.S. Representative from NY-25 in 2008
Green nominee for U.S. Senate from New York in 2006
Flag of New York
New York
Howie Hawkins 2020 presidential campaign logo
Campaign Wiki
Exploratory committee:
April 3, 2019

Announced campaign: May 28, 2019
FEC Filing[105]
[106][107][108]
Dario Hunter YCSD (cropped) (cropped)
Dario Hunter
April 21, 1983
(age 36)
Livingston, New Jersey
Youngstown Board of Education member (2016–present) Flag of Ohio
Ohio
Dario Hunter 2020 presidential campaign logo
Exploratory committee:
January 21, 2019

Announced campaign: February 18, 2019
FEC Filing[109]
[110]
Ian Schlakman (cropped)
Ian Schlakman
December 15, 1984
(age 34)
Suffolk County, New York
Former co-chair of the Maryland Green Party
Green nominee for Governor of Maryland in 2018
Green nominee for U.S. Representative from MD-02 in 2014
Flag of Maryland
Maryland
Filed December 3, 2018
Announced campaign: December 14, 2018
FEC Filing[111]
[112]

Withdrawn candidates

Name Born Experience State Campaign
Announcement date
Ref
Alan 2020 Still Photo Square
Alan Augustson
February 14, 1964
(age 55)
Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan
Public policy analyst
Green candidate for U.S. Representative from IL-05 in 2009
Green nominee for U.S. Representative from IL-05 in 2008
Flag of New Mexico
New Mexico
Reboot America Logo
Announced campaign: April 6, 2019
FEC Filing[113]
Suspended: June 10, 2019
(endorsed Hunter)
[114][115]
Gary swing
Gary Swing
January 30, 1968
(age 50)
Willingboro Township, New Jersey
Event promoter
Perennial candidate
Flag of Arizona
Arizona
Announced campaign: May 18, 2018
FEC Filing[116]
Suspended: November 2, 2018
[117][118]

American Solidarity Party

Declared candidates

Name Born Experience State Announced Ref
Brian T. Carroll - head shot .75 aspect ratio
Brian T. Carroll
1949
(age 69–70)
California
Teacher
Independent candidate for U.S. Representative from CA-22 in 2018
Flag of California
California
April 2, 2019 [119]
Gray - replace this image male
Joe Schriner
March 3, 1955
(age 64)
Cleveland, Ohio
Political activist and journalist
Republican and Independent candidate for President in 2016
Independent candidate for President in 2012
Green and Independent candidate for President in 2008
Independent candidate for President in 2004
Republican and Independent candidate for President in 2000
Flag of Ohio
Ohio
October 13, 2017 [120][121]
Gray - replace this image male
Joshua Perkins
1984
(age 35)
Texas
Actuarial programmer
Jeopardy! College Championship finalist, 2003
Flag of Texas
Texas
April 12, 2019 [122]

Prohibition Party

Initially the Prohibition Party nominated Bill Bayes but Bayes resigned as nominee on March 30, 2019. Connie Gammon, initially the vice presidential nominee on a ticket headed by Bayes, was selected as the Prohibition Party's presidential nominee with Phil Collins as his running mate.[123]

Nominees

Name Age Prior positions State Nominated Vice presidential nominee popular vote ref.
Gray - replace this image male
C.L."Connie" Gammon
February 5, 1958
(age 61)
Writer and historian Flag of Tennessee
Tennessee
March 30, 2019 Gray - replace this image male
Phil Collins
of Nevada
TBD [123]

Independent or unaffiliated

Declared candidates

Name Born Current or previous positions State Announced Ref
Gray - replace this image male
Ronnie Kroell
February 1, 1983
(age 36)
Chicago, Illinois
Fashion model, actor, and singer Flag of Illinois
Illinois
February 12, 2019 [124]

Notable people who have announced that they are running for president in 2020 as independent candidates but have not established campaign websites are:

Individuals who have publicly expressed interest

Individuals in this section have expressed an interest in running for president within the last six months.

Party conventions

Map of United States showing Milwaukee, Charlotte, and Austin
Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Charlotte
Charlotte
Austin
Austin
  Democratic Party
  Republican Party
  Libertarian Party

The 2020 Democratic National Convention is scheduled from July 13–16 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.[130][131] Houston, Texas and Miami Beach, Florida were also considered to host the convention.[132]

The 2020 Republican National Convention is planned to be held in Charlotte, North Carolina, on August 24–27.[133]

This will be the first time since 2004 that the two major party conventions will be held at least one month apart with the Summer Olympics in between[134] (in 2008 and 2012, the Democratic and Republican conventions were held in back-to-back weeks following the Summer Olympics, while in 2016 both were held before the Rio Games).

The 2020 Libertarian National Convention will be held in Austin, Texas, over Memorial Day weekend, May 22–25.[135][136]

The date and location of the 2020 Green National Convention will be decided at the 2019 annual national meeting this year in Salem, Massachusetts.[137] In a similar fashion, the 2016 convention site was announced following the party's 2015 annual national meeting.[138]

General election debates

The Commission on Presidential Debates announced on April 3, 2019, the six finalist cities that could hold the three presidential debates: Nashville, Tennessee; Hartford, Connecticut; Omaha, Nebraska; Ann Arbor, Michigan; Notre Dame, Indiana; and Salt Lake City, Utah.[139]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Amash is not a member of the Libertarian Party, but has been the subject of speculation as a potential Libertarian Party candidate.

References

  1. ^ "3 U.S.C. § 7 - U.S. Code - Unannotated Title 3. The President § 7. Meeting and vote of electors", FindLaw.com.
  2. ^ "US Election guide: how does the election work?". The Daily Telegraph. November 6, 2012. Archived from the original on November 10, 2015. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
  3. ^ Levy, Adam (August 25, 2018). "DNC changes superdelegate rules in presidential nomination process". CNN. Archived from the original on August 26, 2018. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
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External links

2020 United States presidential election in Alabama

The 2020 United States presidential election in Alabama is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Alabama voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Alabama has 9 electoral votes in the Electoral College.In the 2016 United States presidential election, Trump won Alabama by a large margin (62.08% to Hillary Clinton's 34.36%). Alabama has voted for the Republican candidate in every election since it was won by Ronald Reagan in the 1980 election. Given this, Trump is favored to win Alabama in 2020, though the election of Democrat Doug Jones as Senator in 2018 may imply Alabama will not be won as handily as it was by Trump in 2016.

Birmingham was a potential host for the 2020 Democratic National Convention but was ultimately not selected.As of May 2019, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are the declared Republican candidates. A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, Bernie Sanders, Beto O’Rourke, Pete Buttigieg, and former Vice President Joe Biden are among the major declared candidates.

2020 United States presidential election in Arizona

The 2020 United States presidential election in Arizona is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Arizona voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Arizona has 11 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of May 2019, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are the declared Republican candidates. A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, Bernie Sanders, Beto O’Rourke, and former Vice President Joe Biden are among the major declared candidates.

2020 United States presidential election in Arkansas

The 2020 United States presidential election in Arkansas is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Arkansas voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Arkansas has 6 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of May 2019, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are the only two Republicans running. Tom Cotton, current senator from Arkansas, has declined to run as of January 2019. A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, and Bernie Sanders are among the major declared candidates. Additionally, Kirsten Gillibrand has formed an exploratory committee..

2020 United States presidential election in California

The 2020 United States presidential election in California is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. California voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of California has 55 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of May 2019, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are the declared Republican candidates. Kamala Harris, the state's junior U.S. Senator, and Eric Swalwell, a current congressman from the state, are among the Democratic candidates declared. Other prominent state figures, including former Governor Jerry Brown, current Governor Gavin Newsom, Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti and billionaire Tom Steyer have declined to run.In a departure from previous election cycles, California will hold its primaries on Super Tuesday, March 3, 2020.

2020 United States presidential election in Connecticut

The 2020 United States presidential election in Connecticut is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Connecticut voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Connecticut has 7 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of February 2019, Donald Trump is the declared Republican candidate. A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, and Bernie Sanders are among the major declared candidates. Additionally, Kirsten Gillibrand has formed an exploratory committee.

2020 United States presidential election in Illinois

The 2020 United States presidential election in Illinois is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Illinois voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Illinois has 20 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of May 2019, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are the declared Republican candidates. A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Bernie Sanders, Tulsi Gabbard, Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, Cory Booker, and former Vice President Joe Biden are among the major declared candidates. Additionally, Kirsten Gillibrand has formed an exploratory committee. Michelle Obama, former First Lady, who is from Illinois, has declined to run. Rahm Emmanuel, former mayor of Chicago and former aide to Barack Obama, has also declined.

2020 United States presidential election in Louisiana

The 2020 United States presidential election in Louisiana is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Louisiana voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Louisiana has 8 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of February 2019, Donald Trump is the declared Republican candidate. A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren, and Kamala Harris are among the major declared candidates.

2020 United States presidential election in Massachusetts

The 2020 United States presidential election in Massachusetts is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Massachusetts voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Massachusetts has 11 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of May 2019, Donald Trump and former Governor of Massachusetts Bill Weld are the declared Republican candidates. Current Massachusetts governor Charlie Baker declined to run against Trump, as did former Massachusetts governor and current Utah senator Mitt Romney.A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running. Bernie Sanders, Tulsi Gabbard, Kamala Harris, Beto O’Rourke, and former Vice President Joe Biden are among the declared major Democratic candidates. Elizabeth Warren, one of the two current senators from Massachusetts, formed an exploratory committee in December 2018 and declared her intention to run in February 2019. Deval Patrick, former Governor of Massachusetts, declined to run, as did former Massachusetts senator John Kerry.

2020 United States presidential election in Minnesota

The 2020 United States presidential election in Minnesota is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Minnesota voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Minnesota has 10 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of May 2019, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are the declared Republican candidates. A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, Bernie Sanders, Beto O’Rourke, and former Vice President Joe Biden are among the major declared candidates. Additionally, Kirsten Gillibrand has formed an exploratory committee.Amy Klobuchar, U.S. Senator from Minnesota since 2007, expressed interest in running, and formally declared her candidacy in February 2019.

2020 United States presidential election in Mississippi

The 2020 United States presidential election in Mississippi is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Mississippi voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Mississippi has 6 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of January 2019, Donald Trump is the declared Republican candidate. A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Bernie Sanders, Kamala Harris, and Elizabeth Warren are the major declared candidates. Additionally, Kirsten Gillibrand has formed an exploratory committee.

2020 United States presidential election in Missouri

The 2020 United States presidential election in Missouri is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Missouri voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Missouri has 10 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of May 2019, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are the declared Republican candidates. A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren, Tulsi Gabbard and Cory Booker are among the major declared candidates.

2020 United States presidential election in Montana

The 2020 United States presidential election in Montana is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Montana voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Montana has 3 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of May 2019, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are the declared Republican candidates. A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, Bernie Sanders, Beto O’Rourke, and former Vice President Joe Biden are among the major declared candidates. Additionally, Kirsten Gillibrand has formed an exploratory committee.

2020 United States presidential election in New Mexico

The 2020 United States presidential election in New Mexico is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. New Mexico voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of New Mexico has 5 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of May 2019, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are the declared Republican candidates. A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Tulsi Gabbard, Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren, Julian Castro, Kamala Harris, Cory Booker and former Vice President Joe Biden are among the major declared candidates. Additionally, Kirsten Gillibrand has formed an exploratory committee.

2020 United States presidential election in New York

The 2020 United States presidential election in New York is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. New York voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of New York has 29 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of May 2019, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are the declared Republican candidates for 2020.

A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, Bernie Sanders, Cory Booker, and former Vice President Joe Biden are among the major declared candidates. Kirsten Gillibrand, one of New York's two current senators, has indicated she is interested in running, as has Michael Bloomberg, a businessman and former mayor of New York City. Current governor Andrew Cuomo has declined to run, despite speculation that he would do so.

2020 United States presidential election in Oregon

The 2020 United States presidential election in Oregon is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Oregon voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Oregon has 7 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of February 2019, Donald Trump is the declared Republican candidate. A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Tulsi Gabbard, Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, and Bernie Sanders are among the major declared candidates. Additionally, Kirsten Gillibrand has formed an exploratory committee.

2020 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania

The 2020 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Pennsylvania voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Pennsylvania has 20 electoral votes in the Electoral College.In part due to worse than expected results for Republicans during the 2018 midterms, Pennsylvania is expected to be close during the 2020 election.As of May 2019, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are the declared Republican candidates. A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, Bernie Sanders, and former Vice President Joe Biden are the major declared candidates. John Hickenlooper, a native of Narberth, Pennsylvania and former governor of Colorado, has announced he is running. Bob Casey Jr., U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania since 2007, had also expressed interest in running. However, in January 2019, he announced he would not be running.

2020 United States presidential election in South Carolina

The 2020 United States presidential election in South Carolina is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. South Carolina voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of South Carolina has 9 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of January 2019, Donald Trump is the declared Republican candidate, and state representatives of the Republican party have indicated interest in suspending the Republican primary process in the state to favor him, which the state previously did for George W. Bush in 2004. Former South Carolina governor Nikki Haley is considered to be a potential primary opponent for Trump, although as of January 2019 she has endorsed his candidacy and declined to run against him. Mark Sanford, also a former South Carolina governor, and a Republican similarly declined.A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, and Bernie Sanders are among the major declared candidates. Additionally, Kirsten Gillibrand has formed an exploratory committee.

2020 United States presidential election in Vermont

The 2020 United States presidential election in Vermont is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States presidential election in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Vermont voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Vermont has 3 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of April 2019, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are the declared Republican candidates.

Bernie Sanders, one of the two current senators from Vermont and a 2016 Democratic primary candidate, declared his candidacy on 19 February 2019, after speculation he would do so. A number of other Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Joe Biden, Tulsi Gabbard, Elizabeth Warren, Amy Klobuchar, Kamala Harris, and Cory Booker are among the major declared candidates.

2020 United States presidential election in Virginia

The 2020 United States presidential election in Virginia is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Virginia voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Virginia has 13 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of February 2019, Donald Trump is the declared Republican candidate.

A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, and Bernie Sanders are among the major declared candidates. Additionally, Kirsten Gillibrand has formed an exploratory committee. Terry McAuliffe, Governor of Virginia from 2014–2018, has expressed interest in running. Tim Kaine, a current Virginia senator and Hillary Clinton's 2016 running mate, has declined to run.

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