2020 United States Census

The 2020 United States Census, known as Census 2020, will be the twenty-fourth United States Census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, will be April 1, 2020.[1]

Twenty-fourth Census
of the United States
Seal of the United States Census Bureau
Seal of the U.S. Census Bureau
US-Census-2020Logo.jpeg
The "Census 2020" logo
General information
CountryUnited States
Date takenApril 1, 2020

Introduction

As required by the United States Constitution, the U.S. Census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2010 United States Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U.S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code.[2] As per the 72-year rule, personally identifiable information is scheduled to become available in 2092.[3]

Projections

The United States Census Bureau annually conducts population projections for the United States as a whole and individual states, which are based on data from the previous census (in this case, the 2010 census) and calculated using a cohort-component method. Population projections also take into consideration births, deaths, and net migration.[4]

In 2020, the United States population is projected to be 333,546,000,[5] an 8.03% increase from the 2010 Census.

Changes

The Commerce Department announced in March 2018 that the 2020 Census will ask respondents if they are United States citizens in agreement with a request from the Trump administration.[6] 11 states (Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Washington, California) have stated they would sue to block the Trump administration's requested question.[7]

On January 11, 2019, a judge in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York issued a ruling that invalidates this question. This is the first case to reach a decision on this change.[8] On March 6, 2019, a second judge in the United States District Court for Northern California issued a ruling also invalidating the question. That decision, issued by Judge Richard Seeborg, was based on both statutory and constitutional grounds. The ruling was issued in a case brought by the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law on behalf of the City of San Jose and the Black Alliance for Just Immigration, and a parallel case brought by the State of California.

Implementation problems

The printing company Cenveo won the $61 million contract in October 2017 to produce census forms and reminders, but went bankrupt less than four months later. The Inspector General of the U.S. Government Publishing Office said the agency failed to check the company's financial status, and improperly allowed the company to lower its bid after other bids were unsealed.[9]

Controversies

The U.S. decennial census is used to determine federal funds, grants and support to states. Since 1950, the Census Bureau has not included the citizenship question fearing that it would reduce response ratings and cause undercounting, which affects federal funding to states and cities.[10] Following some initial debate, the Census Bureau announced in March 2018 its plan to add a question related to citizenship for the 2020 census: "Is this person a citizen of the United States?".[11] [12][13] For the 2020 Census, Wilbur Ross, the United States Secretary of Commerce which oversees the Bureau, stated to Congress that the citizenship numbers were necessary to enforce the Voting Rights Act's protection against voting discrimination.[12] Ross stated to Congress that the citizenship question was requested by the Justice Department and approved by him.[14]

Upon the Bureau's announcement, several state and city officials criticized the decision, reiterating the concern about discouraging participation from immigrants, resulting in undercounting, and questions the motives of Secretary Ross in adding the question. A lawsuit, led by New York state's attorney general Barbara Underwood and joined by seventeen other states, fifteen cities and other civil rights groups, was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. During the discovery phase of the trial, new information came about that Ross had had previous discussions with Steve Bannon before March 2018 with the intent to add the citizenship question, contradicting statements that he had made to Congress in March. This led to District Judge Jesse M. Furman in September 2018 to ask that Ross clear a day in his schedule to give a deposition to the court related to the addition of the census question prior to the planned start of the trial in November.[15] The government filed a writ of mandamus to the United States Supreme Court, requesting they postpone the trial, as well as to defer any involvement with Ross until the start of the trial. The Supreme Court issued an order that allowed the trial to go forward, but agreed to postponing Ross's deposition until after the start of the trial.[16] The Supreme Court also agreed to treat the writ of mandamus as a writ of petition, and granted certiorari to review the question raised by the government, whether a district court can request deposition of a high-ranking executive branch official on a matter related to a trial before evidence has been presented.[10]

Judge Furman ruled in January 2019 that the addition of the citizenship question to the census was unlawful, stating that "the decision to add a citizenship question to the 2020 Census—even if it did not violate the Constitution itself—was unlawful for a multitude of independent reasons and must be set aside." It is expected for the Justice Department to appeal this ruling.[17] The Supreme Court initially declined the case but later agreed to hear the case in April 2019.[18] Since the Supreme Court's decision to hear the case, two other federal district judges, in California and Maryland, have also ruled that the addition of the citizenship question would be unconstitutional on the basis that it will discourage immigrants (legal or otherwise) from responding and disproportionate the Census' results for these groups.[19]

References

  1. ^ "Interactive Timeline". About the 2010 Census. U.S. Census Bureau. 2011. Archived from the original on December 20, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2011.
  2. ^ "Title 13 §221 of the United States code" (PDF). February 21, 2019.
  3. ^ PIO, US Census Bureau, Census History Staff,. "The "72-Year Rule" - History - U.S. Census Bureau". Census.gov. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
  4. ^ "About Population Projections - People and Households - U.S. Census Bureau". Archived from the original on January 24, 2016. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  5. ^ https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popproj.html
  6. ^ Baumgaertner, Emily (March 26, 2018). "Despite Concerns, Census Will Ask Respondents if They Are U.S. Citizens". The New York Times. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
  7. ^ Wines, Michael; Baumgaertner, Emily (March 27, 2018). "At Least Twelve States to Sue Trump Administration Over Census Citizenship Question". The New York Times. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
  8. ^ Lo Wang, Hansi (January 15, 2019). "Judge Orders Trump Administration To Remove 2020 Census Citizenship Question". NPR. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  9. ^ Officials Botched 2020 Census Printing Contract, Report Finds
  10. ^ a b Hurley, Lawrence (November 16, 2018). "Supreme Court to hear census citizenship question dispute". Reuters. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  11. ^ "The 2020 Census Questions Every U.S Household Will Be Asked, Annotated". NPR.org. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Questions Planned for the 2020 Census and American Community Survey" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 30, 2018.
  13. ^ "Addition of citizenship question to Census draws swift opposition". CBS News. March 27, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  14. ^ "Citizenship Question Controversy Complicating Census 2020 Work, Bureau Director Says". NPR.org. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  15. ^ "Census citizenship controversy likely to face New York trial". Associated Press. September 15, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018 – via CBS News.
  16. ^ Hennessy Jr., William (November 2, 2018). "Supreme Court refuses Trump administration request to delay trial on 2020 census citizenship question". Associated Press. Retrieved November 16, 2018 – via CBS News.
  17. ^ Hartfield, Elizabeth; Wallace, Gregory (January 15, 2019). "Federal judge strikes down effort to add citizenship question to Census". CNN. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  18. ^ "Supreme Court will rule on Trump administration's effort to add question on citizenship to 2020 Census". www.msn.com. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  19. ^ de Vogue, Ariane; Hartfield, Elizabeth (April 5, 2019). "Third federal judge blocks census citizenship question". CNN. Retrieved April 5, 2019.

External links

2018 United States elections

The 2018 United States elections were held Tuesday, November 6, 2018. These midterm elections occurred during the presidency of Republican Donald Trump. Thirty-five of the 100 seats in the United States Senate and all 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives were contested. Thirty-nine state and territorial governorships as well as numerous state and local elections were also contested.

In the United States House of Representatives, Democrats made a net gain of 41 seats. The Democratic party gained a majority in the U.S. House of Representatives, thereby ending the federal trifecta that the Republican Party had established in the 2016 elections. In the United States Senate, Republicans expanded their majority by two seats. As a result of the 2018 elections, the 116th United States Congress is the first Congress since the 99th United States Congress (elected in 1984) in which the Democrats control the U.S. House of Representatives and the Republicans control the U.S. Senate. In the gubernatorial elections, Democrats gained seven state governorships, control of at least 350 state legislative seats and control of seven state legislative chambers.

The elections marked the highest voter turnout seen in midterm elections since 1914. The elections saw several electoral firsts for women, racial minorities and LGBT candidates, including the election of the first openly gay governor and the first openly bisexual U.S. senator. In various referenda, numerous states voted to expand Medicaid coverage, require voter identification, establish independent redistricting commissions, legalize marijuana, repeal felony disenfranchisement laws and enact other proposals.

During the campaign, Democrats focused on health care, in particular defending the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (also known as the Affordable Care Act, or Obamacare) and keeping in place protections for individuals with preexisting conditions, frequently attacking Republican opponents for supporting repeal of the Affordable Care Act. Republican messaging focused on taxes (in particular, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017) and immigration. There were allegations of attempted Russian interference in these elections as well as controversies regarding potential voter suppression. The election was widely characterized as a "blue wave" election.

2019 United States elections

The 2019 United States elections will be held, in large part, on Tuesday, November 5, 2019. This off-year election includes the regular gubernatorial elections in Kentucky, Louisiana, and Mississippi. State legislative elections will also be held in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Virginia, as well as for the New Jersey General Assembly (the lower house of the New Jersey legislature). Numerous citizen initiatives, mayoral races, and a variety of other local elections will also occur. Special elections to the United States Congress will take place for the (thus far) three vacancies that arose.

2020 United States elections

The 2020 United States elections will be held on Tuesday, November 3, 2020. All 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, 34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate, and the office of President of the United States will be contested. Thirteen state and territorial governorships, as well as numerous other state and local elections, will also be contested.

Both parties will attempt to win unified control of Congress and the presidency in the 2020 elections. Incumbent Republican President Donald Trump will seek re-election in the 2020 presidential election. Each major party will choose a presidential nominee through a series of primaries and caucuses, culminating in a national convention held in mid-2020. Barring vacancies and party-switching, Republicans will enter the 2020 elections with a majority of at least 53 seats in the Senate, while Democrats will enter the election with a majority of at least 235 seats in the House.

Eleven of the 50 states, as well as two of the five territories, will hold gubernatorial elections. The vast majority of states will hold state legislative elections. The outcome of these elections will have a major impact on the redistricting that will take place following the 2020 United States Census.

2020 United States presidential election

The 2020 United States presidential election, scheduled for Tuesday, November 3, 2020, will be the 59th quadrennial U.S. presidential election. Voters will select presidential electors who in turn on December 14, 2020, will either elect a new president and vice president or re-elect the incumbents (In the event that no candidate receives the minimum 270 electoral votes needed to win the election, the United States House of Representatives will select the president, and the United States Senate will select the vice president). The series of presidential primary elections and caucuses are likely to be held during the first six months of 2020. This nominating process is also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots selecting a slate of delegates to a political party's nominating convention, who then in turn elect their party's presidential nominee.

President Donald Trump of the Republican Party, who was elected in 2016, is seeking re-election to a second term. The winner of the 2020 presidential election is scheduled to be inaugurated on January 20, 2021.

2020 census

2020 census may refer to:

2020 United States Census

2020 Philippines population census

Ukrainian Census (2020)

2022

2022 (MMXXII)

will be a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2022nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 22nd year of the 3rd millennium, the 22nd year of the 21st century, and the 3rd year of the 2020s decade.

2022 United States elections

The 2022 United States elections will be held on Tuesday, November 8, 2022 in the middle of the term of the President elected in 2020. During this mid-term election year, all 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives and 34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate will be contested. 39 state and territorial governorships and numerous other state and local elections will also be contested. This will be the first election affected by the redistricting that will follow the 2020 United States Census.

2022 United States redistricting

Redistricting will occur in the United States in 2022, following the completion of the 2020 United States Census. In all fifty states, various bodies will re-draw state legislative districts. In states with more than one member of the United States House of Representatives, new lines will also be drawn for federal House districts. Political parties prepare for redistricting years in advance, and partisan control of redistricting institutions can provide a party with major advantages. Various laws and court decisions have put constraints on redistricting institutions, but redistricting institutions continue to practice gerrymandering, which involves drawing new districts with the intention of giving a political advantage to specific groups. Aside from the possibility of mid-decade redistricting, the districts drawn in 2022 will remain in effect until the next round of redistricting following the 2030 United States Census.

Department of Commerce v. New York

Department of Commerce v. New York is a case pending before the Supreme Court of the United States dealing with the 2020 United States Census. The case revolves around the decision of the United States Census Bureau under the Donald Trump administration to include a question asking whether respondents are United States citizens or not. Such a question had been purposely omitted since the 1950 Census as officials feared it would reduce participation in the Census. While the Census Bureau stated that the question was requested by the Justice Department to assist in enforcing the Voting Rights Act of 1965, lower courts have found that said explanation was pretextual. Additionally, many state and city officials have raised concerns that inclusion of the question would significantly depress response rates, which in turn would affect the quality of Census data, which is used, among other uses, to draw redistricting maps, which influence the results of future elections.

Jesse M. Furman

Jesse Matthew Furman (born June 7, 1972) is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.

John H. Thompson

John H. Thompson (born 1951) is an American statistician and former Director of the United States Census Bureau. In this position, one of his main duties was to oversee preparations for the 2020 United States Census. On May 9, 2017, the Commerce Department announced that he would leave his post on June 30.

List of lawsuits involving Donald Trump

The following is a list of notable lawsuits involving United States President Donald Trump. The list excludes cases naming the president as a matter of course, including habeas corpus requests.

Michael Lewis

Michael Monroe Lewis (born October 15, 1960) is an American financial journalist and bestselling non-fiction author. He has also been a contributing editor to Vanity Fair since 2009.

As of May 2019, Lewis has published 18 books, three of which—Moneyball: The Art of Winning an Unfair Game (2003), The Blind Side (2006) and The Big Short: Inside the Doomsday Machine (2010)—have been adapted into feature films.

Race and ethnicity in censuses

Many countries and national censuses currently enumerate or have previously enumerated their populations by race, ethnicity, nationality, or a combination of these characteristics. Different countries have different classifications and census options for race and ethnicity/nationality which are not comparable with data from other countries. In addition, many of the race and ethnicity concepts that appear on national censuses worldwide have their origins in Europe or in the views of Europeans, rather than in the views of the locals of these countries.

Richard Pan

Richard Pan (born October 28, 1965) is a Democratic California State Senator representing California's 6th Senate district, which encompasses parts of Sacramento and Yolo counties. He is also a practicing pediatrician.

Pan is a member of the California Asian & Pacific Islander Legislative Caucus. Prior to being elected to the State Senate in 2014, he was a member of the California State Assembly representing the 5th Assembly District, and after the 2010 redistricting, the 9th Assembly District.

Pan was born to immigrant parents from Taiwan.

Richard Seeborg

Richard Gus Seeborg (born November 4, 1956) is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. He formerly served as a United States Magistrate Judge in the same district.

The Jim Jefferies Show

The Jim Jefferies Show is an American late-night talk and news satire television program hosted by comedian Jim Jefferies. The show airs Tuesdays on Comedy Central and tackles the week’s top stories and most controversial issues. In March 2017, Comedy Central ordered ten half-hour episodes. The series premiered on June 6, 2017, and was later extended with ten additional episodes, which began airing after a five-week hiatus. On January 15, 2018, Comedy Central renewed the series for a 20-episode second season, which premiered on March 27, 2018. On September 13, 2018, Comedy Central announced additional new episodes will air beginning on September 18, 2018. Comedy Central renewed the show for a third season on January 30, 2019, which premiered on March 19, 2019.

Wilbur Ross

Wilbur Louis Ross Jr. (born November 28, 1937) is an American investor and the current United States Secretary of Commerce. On November 30, 2016, then-President-elect Donald Trump announced that he would nominate Ross for that post. On February 27, 2017, the Senate confirmed him in a 72–27 vote. He was sworn into office on February 28, 2017.

Before he was appointed, Ross was a banker known for restructuring failed companies in industries such as: steel, coal, telecommunications, foreign investment and textiles and who specialized in leveraged buyouts and distressed businesses. In February 2017, Forbes magazine reported that Ross has a net worth of $2.5 billion. However, financial disclosure forms Ross filed after his nomination for Secretary of Commerce showed less than $700 million in assets, and Forbes removed him from their billionaires list in November 2017. He is often called the "King of Bankruptcy" because of his record of buying bankrupt companies, primarily in the manufacturing and steel industries, and later selling them for a large profit after operations improve.In November 2017, leaked documents known as the Paradise Papers showed that Ross had failed to clearly disclose a financial interest in a Russian company during his confirmation hearings.During the 2018-2019 U.S. federal government shutdown, Ross was widely criticized for making comments perceived as being out of touch with average American citizens after expressing bewilderment on CNBC about why furloughed, unpaid workers and contractors would choose to visit food banks rather than apply for a personal loan.In February 2019 it was reported that Ross' financial disclosure was rejected by the United States Office of Government Ethics after reporting he sold bank stock that other reports indicate he did not sell on his annual financial disclosure.

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