The 2019 Pacific typhoon season is an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation, in which tropical cyclones form in the western Pacific Ocean. The season runs throughout 2019, though most tropical cyclones typically develop between May and October. The season's first named storm, Pabuk, reached tropical storm status on January 1, becoming the earliest-forming tropical storm of the western Pacific Ocean on record, breaking the previous record that was held by Typhoon Alice in 1979. The season's first typhoon, Wutip, reached typhoon status on February 20. Wutip further intensified into a super typhoon on February 23, becoming the strongest February typhoon on record, and the strongest tropical cyclone recorded in February in the Northern Hemisphere.
The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean to the north of the equator between 100°E and 180th meridian. Within the northwestern Pacific Ocean, there are two separate agencies that assign names to tropical cyclones which can often result in a cyclone having two names. The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) will name a tropical cyclone should it be judged to have 10-minute sustained wind speeds of at least 65 km/h (40 mph) anywhere in the basin, while the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) assigns names to tropical cyclones which move into or form as a tropical depression in their area of responsibility located between 135°E–115°E and between 5°N–25°N regardless of whether or not a tropical cyclone has already been given a name by the JMA. Tropical depressions that are monitored by the United States' Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) are given a number with a "W" suffix.
|2019 Pacific typhoon season|
Season summary map
|First system formed||December 31, 2018|
|Last system dissipated||Season ongoing|
|Name||Wutip and Lekima|
|• Maximum winds||195 km/h (120 mph)|
|• Lowest pressure||920 hPa (mbar)|
|Super typhoons||2 (unofficial)|
|Total fatalities||130 total|
|Total damage||$7.81 billion (2019 USD)|
|May 7, 2019||27||17||10||354|||
|July 5, 2019||25||15||8||260|||
|August 7, 2019||26||16||8||270|||
|February 7, 2019||PAGASA||January–March||1–2 tropical cyclones|||
|February 7, 2019||PAGASA||April–June||2–4 tropical cyclones|||
|July 15, 2019||PAGASA||July–September||6–9 tropical cyclones|||
|July 15, 2019||PAGASA||October–December||3–5 tropical cyclones|||
During the year, several national meteorological services and scientific agencies forecast how many tropical cyclones, tropical storms, and typhoons will form during a season and/or how many tropical cyclones will affect a particular country. These agencies included the Tropical Storm Risk (TSR) Consortium of University College London, PAGASA and Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau. The first forecast of the year was released by PAGASA on February 7, within its seasonal climate outlook for the period January–June. The outlook noted that one to two tropical cyclones were expected between January and March, while two to four were expected to develop or enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility between April and June. Moreover, PAGASA predicts an 80% chance of a weak El Niño presence during February–March–April period. On May 7, the TSR issued their first forecast for the season, predicting that the 2019 season would be a slightly above average season, producing 27 named storms, 17 typhoons, and ten intense typhoons. One of the factors behind this is due to the possible development of a moderate El Niño anticipated within the third quarter of the year.
On July 5, the TSR released their second forecast for the season, now lowering their numbers and predicting that the season would be a below-average season with 25 named storms, 15 typhoons, and eight intense typhoons. The PAGASA issued their second forecast for the season on July 15, predicting six to nine tropical cyclones expected to develop or enter their area between July and September and about three to five tropical cyclones by September to December. The agency also predicted that the weak El Niño was expected to weaken towards neutral conditions by August and September 2019. On August 7, the TSR released their final forecast for the season, predicting a near-normal season with 26 named storms, 16 typhoons and eight intense typhoons.
The season started with Tropical Storm Pabuk active to the east of Thailand, which had formed on the last day of 2018, becoming the earliest-forming tropical storm of the Western Pacific Ocean on record, breaking the previous record held by Typhoon Alice in 1979. The storm tracked westward for three days before crossing over to the North Indian Ocean. A weak tropical depression formed near the Philippines and was named Amang by PAGASA, but quickly degenerated into a remnant low. Typhoon Wutip (Betty) developed on February 18 and became the season's first super typhoon, becoming the strongest February typhoon on record. A month later, Tropical Depression 03W formed and was named "Chedeng" by PAGASA, which later made landfall in Mindanao and dissipated in the Sulu Sea. May was rather inactive with many tropical depressions forming but never intensifying. During late June, tropical activity fired up, as Tropical Depression Dodong formed east of Philippines which absorbed another tropical depression in the South China Sea, and intensified into tropical storm Sepat. Sepat then moved northeast and became extratropical. After Sepat, Tropical Depression 04W (Egay) formed, which dropped rainfall over the drought-stricken Luzon; but soon dissipated due to unfavorable conditions. Another tropical depression formed in the South China Sea in early July, which later became Tropical Storm Mun and made landfall in Vietnam. By late July, the season kickstarted with Tropical Storms Nari and Wipha and Typhoon Francisco, later followed by Typhoon Lekima and Krosa. Lekima and Krosa later became typhoons, with Lekima intensifying into the 2nd super typhoon of the 2019 season. 3 tropical depressions in mid-August was monitored by JMA, but only one of them intensified into Tropical Storm Bailu (Ineng).
The first half of the 2019 season proved unusually quiet. For the first time since reliable records began in 1950, no typhoons existed between February 27 and August 4.
|Tropical storm (JMA)|
|Tropical storm (SSHWS)|
|Duration||December 31, 2018 – January 4, 2019 (Exited basin)|
|Peak intensity||85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min) 996 hPa (mbar)|
A tropical disturbance formed over the southern portion of the South China Sea on December 28, 2018, which absorbed the remnants of Tropical Depression 35W (Usman) on December 30. Under high vertical wind shear, the low-pressure area remained disorganized until December 31 when it was upgraded to a tropical depression by both the JMA and the JTWC. As it was designated 36W by the JTWC, it was unofficially the last system of the 2018 typhoon season. At around 06:00 UTC on January 1, 2019, the system was upgraded to the first tropical storm of the 2019 typhoon season and named Pabuk by the JMA, surpassing Typhoon Alice in 1979 to become the earliest-forming tropical storm of the northwest Pacific Ocean on record. At that time, Pabuk was about 650 km (405 miles) southeast of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam and drifted westward slowly with a partially exposed low-level circulation center.
Under marginal conditions including warm sea surface temperatures, excellent poleward outflow but strong vertical wind shear, Pabuk struggled to intensify further for over two days until it accelerated west-northwestward and entered the Gulf of Thailand on January 3, where vertical wind shear was slightly weaker. It became the first tropical storm over the gulf since Muifa in 2004. Moreover, it tried to form an eye revealed by microwave imagery. On January 4, the Thai Meteorological Department reported that Pabuk had made landfall over Pak Phanang, Nakhon Si Thammarat at 12:45 ICT (05:45 UTC), although other agencies indicated a landfall at peak intensity between 06:00 and 12:00 UTC. Pabuk became the first tropical storm to make landfall over southern Thailand since Linda in 1997. Shortly after 12:00 UTC, the JMA issued the last full advisory for Pabuk as it exited the basin into the North Indian Ocean.
One of the islands in the south of Thailand, Koh Samui, appeared to have been spared much of the brunt of the storm with no confirmed deaths. Beaches were closed, but even with the bad weather approaching, tourists on the popular island in the Gulf of Thailand continued to visit bars and restaurants catering to them.
In Vietnam, Pabuk caused one death, and the losses were estimated at ₫27.87 billion (US$1.2 million). Eight people in Thailand were killed, and the losses in the country were estimated to be 5 billion bahts (US$156 million). Pabuk also killed one person in Malaysia.
|Tropical depression (JMA)|
|Tropical depression (SSHWS)|
|Duration||January 4 – January 22|
|Peak intensity||55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 1004 hPa (mbar)|
The JTWC upgraded a disturbance north of Bairiki to a tropical depression with the designation 01W late on January 4 and expected some intensification, but it failed to develop and the JTWC downgraded it back to a disturbance on January 6. The system continued drifting westwards for two weeks without development. On January 19, the JMA upgraded the low-pressure area to a tropical depression when it was already located about 200 km (120 mi) west of Palau. Tropical Depression 01W (Amang) continued its westward motion for another day, turning northward on January 20, just off the coast of the southern Philippines. On January 21, Tropical Depression 01W abruptly turned southward, making landfall on Samar on January 22, before dissipating shortly afterward.
|Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)|
|Duration||February 18 – March 2|
|Peak intensity||195 km/h (120 mph) (10-min) 920 hPa (mbar)|
A low-pressure area formed just south of the Marshall Islands on February 16. It then began to gradually organize while moving westward, just south of Federated States of Micronesia. On February 23, Wutip intensified further, reaching its initial peak intensity as a Category 4-equivalent super typhoon with maximum 10-minute sustained winds of 185 km/h (115 mph), 1-minute sustained winds of 250 km/h (155 mph), and a minimum pressure of 925 hPa (mbar), while passing to the southwest of Guam, surpassing Typhoon Higos from 2015 as the strongest February typhoon on record. Wutip underwent an eyewall replacement cycle shortly thereafter, weakening in intensity as it did so while turning to the northwest. The typhoon finished its eyewall replacement cycle on February 24 and resumed strengthening; early on February 25, Wutip reached its peak intensity as a Category 5-equivalent super typhoon, with maximum 10-minute sustained winds of 195 km/h (121 mph), 1-minute sustained winds of 260 km/h (160 mph), and a minimum central pressure of 920 hPa (27 inHg). This made Wutip the first Category 5-equivalent super typhoon recorded in the month of February. . On February 26, Wutip entered a hostile environment with moderate wind shear and began to weaken, concurrently making another turn westward. On February 28, Wutip weakened into a tropical depression and lost most of its convection. On the same day, Wutip was given the name "Betty" by the PAGASA, as the storm entered the Philippine Sea. Soon afterward, Wutip entered a more hostile environment, with very high vertical wind shear (40–50 knots or 74–93 km/h or 46–58 mph) and lower sea surface temperatures, and the storm rapidly weakened until it dissipated on March 2.
|Tropical depression (JMA)|
|Tropical depression (SSHWS)|
|Duration||March 14 – March 20|
|Peak intensity||<55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 1006 hPa (mbar)|
On March 14, Tropical Depression 03W formed over the Federated States of Micronesia. Over the next couple of days, the system drifted westward, while gradually organizing. Early on March 17, the tropical depression entered the PAGASA's area of responsibility in the Philippine Sea, and consequently, the agency assigned the name Chedeng to the storm, shortly before it made landfall on Palau. At 5:30 PST on March 19, Chedeng made landfall on Malita, Davao Occidental. Chedeng rapidly weakened after making landfall in the Philippines, degenerating into a remnant low on March 19. Chedeng's remnants continued weakening while moving westward, dissipating over the southern Sulu Sea on March 20.
|Tropical storm (JMA)|
|Subtropical storm (SSHWS)|
|Duration||June 24 – June 28|
|Peak intensity||75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min) 994 hPa (mbar)|
On June 24, the JMA began monitoring on a tropical depression that had formed well to the east of Luzon from the remnants of a separate system. On June 25, the system began curving towards the northeast; the PAGASA also began to issue warnings on the formative disturbance. Rounding the periphery of a subtropical ridge of high pressure, the depression tracked towards the east-northeast through the East China Sea, intensifying some as it encountered an area of high sea surface temperatures and low wind shear. On June 26, the cyclone left the PAGASA's area of responsibility. Curved banding developed later that day as the center passed east of Okinawa. Tracing the northwestern periphery of the ridge, the system curved towards the east-northeast, paralleling the southern coast of the main Japanese islands. Supported by favorable sea surface temperatures and outflow, the system was upgraded to a tropical storm at 09:00 UTC on June 27, gaining the name Sepat. A peak intensity with 75 km/h (47 mph) 10-minute sustained winds was attained later that day while Sepat began to acquire extratropical characteristics. The next day, the storm fully transitioned into an extratropical system while accelerating eastward 580 km (360 mi) east of Hitachinaka, Japan.
This system was not tracked by the JTWC; however, the agency classified the system as a "subtropical storm," with 1-minute sustained winds at 75 km/h (45 mph). Some ferry routes and bullet trains were suspended as the storm passed near Tokyo on June 28, dropping heavy rainfall. Evacuations were advised for most districts in Kagoshima due to an increased risk of landslides. In Hioki, Kagoshima, 164 mm (6.5 in) of rain fell in a six-hour period on the morning of June 28; 240 mm (9.4 in) fell in Kamikatsu, Tokushima, in a 24-hour period. An EF0 tornado damaged 17 structures in Gifu and Ginan.
|Tropical depression (JMA)|
|Tropical storm (SSHWS)|
|Duration||June 27 – July 1|
|Peak intensity||<55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 1000 hPa (mbar)|
|Tropical storm (JMA)|
|Tropical storm (SSHWS)|
|Duration||July 1 – July 4|
|Peak intensity||65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 992 hPa (mbar)|
|Tropical storm (JMA)|
|Tropical storm (SSHWS)|
|Duration||July 14 – July 21|
|Peak intensity||85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min) 985 hPa (mbar)|
In Philippines, four people were killed after Danas triggered flooding in the country. Agricultural damage in Negros Occidental were calculated at P19 million (US$372,000), while agricultural damage in Lanao Norte reached P277.8 million (US$5.44 million). Danas caused stormy weather across South Korea; however, its effects were relatively minor. Heavy rains amounted to 329.5 mm (12.97 in) in Geomun-do. A man died after being swept away by strong waves in Geochang County. Damage in South Jeolla Province were at W395 million (US$336,000), while damage in Jeju Island up to W322 million (US$274,000). Additionally, Danas also triggered flash flooding in Kyushu. A 11-year-old boy was killed.
|Tropical depression (JMA)|
|Duration||July 17 – July 19|
|Peak intensity||55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 996 hPa (mbar)|
|Tropical storm (JMA)|
|Tropical storm (SSHWS)|
|Duration||July 24 – July 28|
|Peak intensity||65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 998 hPa (mbar)|
|Tropical storm (JMA)|
|Tropical storm (SSHWS)|
|Duration||July 30 – August 3|
|Peak intensity||85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min) 985 hPa (mbar)|
In Vietnam, at least 10 people were killed and 11 went missing. Thanh Hóa Province was the worst hit province within the nation, and the losses were amounted to 300 billion đồng (US$12.9 million). Damage in Sơn La Province reached 28 billion đồng (US$1.21 million).
|Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)|
|Duration||August 1 – August 7|
|Peak intensity||130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min) 970 hPa (mbar)|
In anticipation of coastal flooding, 20,020 people were evacuated from Kokuraminami-ku and Moji-ku. Transportation in the affected region was disrupted, with 130 flights cancelled and the Kyushu Railway Company suspending train service. Striking Kyushu as a typhoon, Francisco brought heavy rain and strong winds to much of the island. Rainfall accumulations exceeded 120 mm (4.7 in) in Nobeoka and 110 mm (4.3 in) in Saiki. Nobeoka observed a local hourly rainfall record of 95.5 mm (3.76 in). A maximum wind gust of 143 km/h (89 mph) was observed at Miyazaki Airport, the highest August wind gust on record for the city. One person drowned in a flooded river in Kokonoe. Two people suffered injury after being knocked over by strong winds.
|Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)|
|Duration||August 2 – August 14|
|Peak intensity||195 km/h (120 mph) (10-min) 920 hPa (mbar)|
On August 2, the JMA began monitoring on a tropical depression that had developed in the Philippine Sea. The system strengthened into a tropical storm a day later, while the PAGASA named it Tropical Depression Hanna, and was given the international name Lekima. The system soon started to rapidly intensify as it moves west-northwestwards, reaching category 3-equivalent intensity on August 7 and rapid intensification helped it intensify, and soon became a super typhoon in just 2 hours. The storm underwent an eyewall replacement cycle by the following morning. It began to weaken as it did so. Around that time, it absorbed a weak Tropical Depression west of Luzon, in the South China Sea. Lekima made landfall in China by August 10, 12:30 a.m. CST and weakened into a Category 2 storm. The system continued to weaken as it moves inland. It became a severe tropical storm several hours later. Lekima then changed its trajectory from west-northwest to north, battering the East Coast of China. more than 1 million people were evacuated due to the threat of the storm and 22 were killed by it so far. The system kept moving inland and weakened to a tropical depression. Soon after, Lekima started to undergo an Extratropical transition. As it did so, the JTWC discontinued advisories on it.
Though Lekima, known to them as Hanna, did not directly affect the Philippines, it enhanced the southwest monsoon which caused heavy rain to the nation. Three boats sank in Guimaras Strait; 31 people died and three were left missing.
|Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)|
|Duration||August 5 – August 16|
|Peak intensity||155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min) 950 hPa (mbar)|
The typhoon brought torrential rain to parts of Shikoku and Honshu, with accumulations peaking at 869.5 mm (34.23 in) at Yanase in Kochi Prefecture. Wind gusts reached 151 km/h (94 mph) in Muroto. Rough seas produced by the storm killed two people while flooding killed one other. Fifty-five people were injured in various incidents. Agricultural damage in Japan reached ¥279.61 million (US$2.64 million).
Current storm status
Severe tropical storm (JMA)
|As of:||06:00 UTC, August 23|
About 417 nmi (770 km; 480 mi) SSE of Taipei, Taiwan
|Sustained winds:||50 kn (95 km/h; 60 mph) (10-min mean)|
45 kn (85 km/h; 50 mph) (1-min mean)
gusting to 70 kn (130 km/h; 80 mph)
|Pressure:||990 hPa (29.23 inHg)|
|Movement:||NW at 13 kn (25 km/h; 15 mph)|
On August 20, a tropical depression formed. On the same day, JMA issued a gale warning on it, stating the depression would strengthen into a tropical storm in 12 hours. This LPA was also monitored by PAGASA, which was eventually named Ineng by PAGASA. Early on August 21, Ineng’s still disorganized circulation trough affected the Bicol Region, Eastern Visayas and Metro Manila, causing heavy rains to the areas previously hit by strong rains from Typhoon Lekima (Hanna). An the same time, the JTWC issued a TCFA for Ineng. Later on the same day, Tropical Depression Ineng was designated as 12W by the JTWC and soon upgraded to Tropical Storm Bailu by the JMA. Despite this, Bailu still had a disorganized center.
As of 06:00 UTC August 23, Severe Tropical Storm Bailu (Ineng) is located near Taipei, Taiwan. Maximum 10-minute sustained winds are at 50 knots (95 km/h; 60 mph), while maximum 1-minute sustained winds are at 45 knots (85 km/h; 50 mph), with gusts up to 70 knots (130 km/h; 80 mph). The minimum central barometric pressure is 990 hPa (29.23 inHg), and the system is moving northwestward at 13 kn (25 km/h; 15 mph)., also about 417 nautical miles (770 km; 480 mi) south-southeast of
For the latest official information, see:
On August 6, a tropical depression formed in the South China Sea, to the west of Luzon. On August 8, the tropical depression degenerated into a remnant low, and was absorbed by larger Typhoon Lekima to its east. 2 tropical depressions were monitored by JMA, to the Taiwan Strait and out in the North Pacific. On August 17, another depression formed and the JMA started monitoring it. However, a day later, it degenerated to a remnant low.
Within the Northwest Pacific Ocean, both the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) and the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) assign names to tropical cyclones that develop in the Western Pacific, which can result in a tropical cyclone having two names. The Japan Meteorological Agency's RSMC Tokyo — Typhoon Center assigns international names to tropical cyclones on behalf of the World Meteorological Organization's Typhoon Committee, should they be judged to have 10-minute sustained windspeeds of 65 km/h (40 mph). PAGASA names to tropical cyclones which move into or form as a tropical depression in their area of responsibility located between 135°E and 115°E and between 5°N and 25°N even if the cyclone has had an international name assigned to it. The names of significant tropical cyclones are retired, by both PAGASA and the Typhoon Committee. Should the list of names for the Philippine region be exhausted then names will be taken from an auxiliary list of which the first ten are published each season. Unused names are marked in gray.
A tropical cyclone is named when it is judged to have 10-minute sustained wind speeds of 65 km/h (40 mph). The JMA selected the names from a list of 140 names, that had been developed by the 14 members nations and territories of the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee. Retired names, if any, will be announced by the WMO in 2020, though replacement names will be announced in 2021. The next 28 names on the naming list are listed here along with their international numeric designation, if they are used. During the season, the names Mun and Bailu was used for the first time, after it replaced the names Fitow and Haiyan, which was retired after the 2013 season, respectively.
This season, PAGASA will use its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones that either develop within or move into their self-defined area of responsibility. The names were taken from a list of names last used during 2015 and are scheduled to be used again during 2023. All of the names are the same except Liwayway and Nimfa, replacing the names Lando and Nona after these were retired.
This table summarizes all the systems that developed within or moved into the North Pacific Ocean, to the west of the International Date Line during 2019. The tables also provide an overview of a systems intensity, duration, land areas affected and any deaths or damages associated with the system.
|Name||Dates active||Peak classification||Sustained
|Pabuk||December 31, 2018 – January 4, 2019||Tropical storm||85 km/h (50 mph)||996 hPa (29.41 inHg)||Natuna Islands, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar||$157 million||10|||
|01W (Amang)||January 4 – 22||Tropical depression||55 km/h (35 mph)||1004 hPa (29.65 inHg)||Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Caroline Islands, Philippines||$6.04 million||10|||
|Wutip (Betty)||February 18 – March 2||Typhoon||195 km/h (120 mph)||920 hPa (27.17 inHg)||Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands||$3.3 million||None|
|03W (Chedeng)||March 14 – 19||Tropical depression||Not specified||1006 hPa (29.71 inHg)||Caroline Islands, Philippines||$23 thousand||None|||
|TD||May 7 – 8||Tropical depression||Not specified||1004 hPa (29.65 inHg)||Yap, Palau||None||None|
|TD||May 7 – 12||Tropical depression||Not specified||1004 hPa (29.65 inHg)||Caroline Islands||None||None|
|TD||May 10 – 11||Tropical depression||Not specified||1008 hPa (29.77 inHg)||Mariana Islands||None||None|
|TD||May 13 – 15||Tropical depression||Not specified||1006 hPa (29.71 inHg)||Caroline Islands||None||None|
|Sepat (Dodong)||June 24 – 28||Tropical storm||75 km/h (45 mph)||994 hPa (29.35 inHg)||Japan, Aleutian Islands, Russian Far East||None||None|
|TD||June 26||Tropical depression||55 km/h (35 mph)||1000 hPa (29.53 inHg)||Japan, Korean Peninsula||None||None|
|04W (Egay)||June 27 – July 1||Tropical depression||Not specified||1006 hPa (29.71 inHg)||Yap, Philippines, Taiwan, East China||None||None|
|Mun||July 1 – 4||Tropical storm||65 km/h (40 mph)||992 hPa (29.29 inHg)||South China, Vietnam, Laos||$240 thousand||2|||
|Danas (Falcon)||July 14 – 21||Tropical storm||85 km/h (50 mph)||985 hPa (29.09 inHg)||Yap, Philippines, Taiwan, East China, Japan, Korean Peninsula, Russian Far East||$6.42 million||6|
|Goring||July 17 – 19||Tropical depression||55 km/h (35 mph)||996 hPa (29.41 inHg)||Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands||None||None|
|Nari||July 24 – 28||Tropical storm||65 km/h (40 mph)||998 hPa (29.47 inHg)||Japan||None||None|
|Wipha||July 30 – August 3||Tropical storm||85 km/h (50 mph)||985 hPa (29.09 inHg)||South China, Vietnam, Laos||$14.5 million||10|||
|Francisco||August 1 – 7||Typhoon||130 km/h (80 mph)||970 hPa (28.64 inHg)||Japan, Korean Peninsula||Unknown||1|||
|Lekima (Hanna)||August 2 – 14||Typhoon||195 km/h (120 mph)||920 hPa (27.17 inHg)||Caroline Islands, Philippines, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, China||$7.6 billion||89|||
|Krosa||August 5 – 16||Typhoon||155 km/h (100 mph)||950 hPa (28.05 inHg)||Mariana Islands, Japan, Korean Peninsula, Russian Far East||$2.64 million||3|
|TD||August 6 – 8||Tropical depression||55 km/h (35 mph)||996 hPa (29.41 inHg)||Philippines||None||None|
|TD||August 17 – 18||Tropical depression||Not specified||1006 hPa (29.71 inHg)||None||None||None|
|TD||August 19 – 21||Tropical depression||Not specified||1004 hPa (29.65 inHg)||Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, East China||None||None|
|Bailu (Ineng)||August 20 – Present||Severe tropical storm||95 km/h (60 mph)||985 hPa (29.09 inHg)||Philippines||None||None|
|23 systems||December 31, 2018 –
|195 km/h (120 mph)||920 hPa (27.17 inHg)||>$7.8 billion||131|
The 2018 Pacific typhoon season was an above-average season producing 29 storms, 13 typhoons, and 7 super typhoons. It was an event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation, in which tropical cyclones form in the western Pacific Ocean. The season ran throughout 2018, though most tropical cyclones typically develop between May and October. The season's first named storm, Bolaven, developed on January 3, while the season's last named storm, Man-yi, dissipated on November 28. The season's first typhoon, Jelawat, reached typhoon status on March 29, and became the first super typhoon of the year on the next day.
The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, to the north of the equator between 100°E and the 180th meridian. Within the northwestern Pacific Ocean, there are two separate agencies that assign names to tropical cyclones, which can often result in a cyclone having two names, one from the JMA and one from PAGASA. The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) will name a tropical cyclone should it be judged to have 10-minute sustained wind speeds of at least 65 km/h (40 mph) anywhere in the basin, while the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) assigns names to tropical cyclones which move into or form as a tropical depression in their area of responsibility located between 135°E and 115°E and between 5°N–25°N regardless of whether or not a tropical cyclone has already been given a name by the JMA. Tropical depressions that are monitored by the United States' Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) are given a number with a "W" suffix.2019 Atlantic hurricane season
The 2019 Atlantic hurricane season is an ongoing event in the annual formation of tropical cyclones in the Northern Hemisphere. The season officially began on June 1, 2019, and will end on November 30, 2019. These dates historically describe the period each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin and are adopted by convention. However, tropical cyclogenesis is possible at any time of the year, as demonstrated by the formation of Subtropical Storm Andrea on May 20, marking the record fifth year in a row where a tropical or subtropical cyclone developed before the official start of the season, breaking the previous record of four years set in 1951–1954. This was also the second year in a row in which no storms formed during the month of June. The season is now the second slowest-starting Atlantic hurricane season of the 21st century, as the third named storm formed on August 21; the previous second latest formation date was Tropical Storm Chantal of 2001, which formed on August 14. The slowest-starting Atlantic hurricane season of the 21st century is the 2014 Atlantic hurricane season, and the latest formation date which corresponds to the two storms mentioned previously was Hurricane Cristobal, which formed on August 23 in that year.2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season
The 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season is an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. The North Indian Ocean cyclone season has no official bounds, but cyclones tend to form between April and December, with two peaks in activity in May and November. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northern Indian Ocean. The season's first named storm, Pabuk, entered the basin on January 4, becoming the earliest-forming cyclonic storm of the North Indian Ocean on record. The second cyclone of the season, Cyclone Fani, was the strongest tropical cyclone in the Bay of Bengal by 3-minute maximum sustained wind speed and minimum barometric pressure since the 1999 Odisha cyclone (while being equal in terms of maximum 3-minute sustained wind speed to Cyclone Sidr of the 2007 season and Phailin of the 2013 season).
The scope of this article is limited to the Indian Ocean in the Northern Hemisphere, east of the Horn of Africa and west of the Malay Peninsula. There are two main seas in the North Indian Ocean — the Arabian Sea to the west of the Indian subcontinent, abbreviated ARB by the India Meteorological Department (IMD); and the Bay of Bengal to the east, abbreviated BOB by the IMD.
The official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in this basin is the India Meteorological Department (IMD), while the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) and the National Meteorological Center of CMA (NMC) unofficially release full advisories. On average, three to four cyclonic storms form in this basin every season.2019 Pacific hurricane season
The 2019 Pacific hurricane season is an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation, in which tropical cyclones form in the eastern Pacific Ocean. The season officially began on May 15 in the East Pacific Ocean, and on June 1 in the Central Pacific; they will both end on November 30. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Pacific basin. However, the formation of tropical cyclones is possible at any time of the year. The season had a slow start, with no tropical cyclones forming in the basin during the month of May for the first time since 2016 (though Hurricane Pali formed in January 2016), and the first time that no storms formed before the month of June since 2011. The season became the latest-starting Pacific hurricane season on record since reliable records began in 1971, with the first tropical depression forming on June 25.2019 hurricane season
2019 hurricane season may refer to any of the following tropical cyclone seasons
2019 Atlantic hurricane season
2019 Pacific hurricane season
2019 Pacific typhoon season
2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season
2018-19 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season
2019-20 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season
2018-19 Australian region cyclone season
2018-19 Australian region cyclone season
2018-19 South Pacific cyclone season
2019-20 South Pacific cyclone seasonJapan Meteorological Agency
The Japan Meteorological Agency (気象庁, Kishō-chō), JMA, is an agency of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. It is charged with gathering and providing results for the public in Japan, that are obtained from data based on daily scientific observation and research into natural phenomena in the fields of meteorology, hydrology, seismology and volcanology, among other related scientific fields. Its headquarters is located in Chiyoda, Tokyo.
JMA is responsible for gathering and reporting weather data and forecasts for the general public, as well as providing aviation and marine weather. JMA other responsibilities include issuing warnings for volcanic eruptions, and the nationwide issuance of earthquake warnings of the Earthquake Early Warning (EEW) system. JMA is also designated one of the Regional Specialized Meteorological Centers of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). It is responsible for forecasting, naming, and distributing warnings for tropical cyclones in the Northwestern Pacific region, including the Celebes Sea, the Sulu Sea, the South China Sea, the East China Sea, the Yellow Sea, the Sea of Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk.Joint Typhoon Warning Center
The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) is a joint United States Navy – United States Air Force command located in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The JTWC is responsible for the issuing of tropical cyclone warnings in the North-West Pacific Ocean, South Pacific Ocean, and Indian Ocean for all branches of the U.S. Department of Defense and other U.S. government agencies. Their warnings are intended for the protection of primarily military ships and aircraft as well as military installations jointly operated with other countries around the world.Its U.S. Navy components are aligned with Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command.PAGASA
The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (Filipino: Pangasiwaan ng Pilipinas sa Serbisyong Atmosperiko, Heopisiko at Astronomiko, abbreviated as PAGASA [pagˈasa], which means "hope" as in the Tagalog word pag-asa) is the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS) agency of the Republic of the Philippines mandated to provide protection against natural calamities and to insure the safety, well-being and economic security of all the people, and for the promotion of national progress by undertaking scientific and technological services in meteorology, hydrology, climatology, astronomy and other geophysical sciences. Created on December 8, 1972 by reorganizing the Weather Bureau, PAGASA now serves as one of the Scientific and Technological Services Institutes of the Department of Science and Technology.Timeline of the 2019 Pacific typhoon season
This timeline documents all events that have taken place during the 2019 Pacific typhoon season. This article is limited to the Western Pacific basin which is located north of the equator and between 100°E and the International Date Line. Systems that reach tropical storm intensity are assigned a name by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA). Tropical depressions that form within the basin are assigned a number with a "W" suffix by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC). Additionally, the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) assigns names to tropical cyclones (including tropical depressions) that either form in or move into its self defined area of responsibility, which runs from 135°E to 115°E and 5°N to 25°N.
Thus far, nine systems have been designated as tropical depressions by either the JMA, JTWC, or PAGASA. Two of those systems went on to be named.Tropical Storm Pabuk (2019)
Tropical Storm Pabuk, also referred to as Cyclonic Storm Pabuk, was a weak storm that struck the Malay Peninsula in January 2019. It was also the earliest-forming storm in both the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and North Indian Ocean basins on record. Forming on the last day of 2018, Pabuk persisted into 2019, spanning two calendar years, and crossed into the North Indian Ocean basin several days later. The first tropical cyclone and named storm of the 2019 Pacific typhoon and North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons, Pabuk originated as a tropical disturbance in the South China Sea on December 28, 2018, which organized into a tropical depression on December 31. A day later, on January 1, 2019, the system intensified into a tropical storm and was named Pabuk. Pabuk made landfall in Thailand on January 4, emerging into the Bay of Bengal in the North Indian Ocean basin shortly afterward. Pabuk weakened after it entered the North Indian Ocean, eventually degenerating into a remnant low on January 7, before dissipating on the next day.
Pabuk killed a total of 10 people, and the storm caused an estimated total of US$157 million in damages. In Thailand, eight people were killed and the economic losses were estimated at about $156 million. Pabuk also caused one death each in Vietnam and Malaysia.Tropical cyclones in 2019
Tropical cyclones in 2019 are spread out across seven different areas called basins. To date, 80 systems have formed during the year. 48 tropical cyclones have been named by either a Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RSMC) or a Tropical Cyclone Warning Center (TCWC).
The deadliest tropical cyclone of the year is Intense Tropical Cyclone Idai in the South-West Indian Ocean, which killed over 1,303 people in Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, and Madagascar. and the costliest tropical cyclone of the year was Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Fani in the North Indian Ocean which caused more than $8.12 billion in damages after striking Odisha, India and Bangladesh.
Tropical cyclone activity in each basin is under the authority of a RSMC. The National Hurricane Center (NHC) is responsible for tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and East Pacific. The Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC) is responsible for tropical cyclones in the Central Pacific. Both the NHC and CPHC are subdivisions of the National Weather Service. Activity in the West Pacific is monitored by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA). Systems in the North Indian Ocean are monitored by the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD). The Météo-France located in Réunion (MFR) monitors tropical activity in the South-West Indian Ocean. The Australian region is monitored by five TCWCs that are under the coordination of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM). Similarly, the South Pacific is monitored by both the Fiji Meteorological Service (FMS) and the Meteorological Service of New Zealand Limited. Other unofficial agencies that provide additional guidance in tropical cyclone monitoring include the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) and the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC).Typhoon
A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere. This region is referred to as the Northwestern Pacific Basin, and is the most active tropical cyclone basin on Earth, accounting for almost one-third of the world's annual tropical cyclones. For organizational purposes, the northern Pacific Ocean is divided into three regions: the eastern (North America to 140°W), central (140°W to 180°), and western (180° to 100°E). The Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RSMC) for tropical cyclone forecasts is in Japan, with other tropical cyclone warning centers for the northwest Pacific in Hawaii (the Joint Typhoon Warning Center), the Philippines and Hong Kong. While the RSMC names each system, the main name list itself is coordinated among 18 countries that have territories threatened by typhoons each year. A hurricane is a gale-force tropical cyclone that occurs in the Atlantic Ocean or the northeastern Pacific Ocean, a typhoon occurs in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, and a tropical cyclone occurs in the South Pacific or the Indian Ocean.Within the northwestern Pacific, there are no official typhoon seasons as tropical cyclones form throughout the year. Like any tropical cyclone, there are a few main requirements for typhoon formation and development: (1) sufficiently warm sea surface temperatures, (2) atmospheric instability, (3) high humidity in the lower to middle levels of the troposphere, (4) enough Coriolis effect to develop a low pressure center, (5) a pre-existing low level focus or disturbance, and (6) a low vertical wind shear. While the majority of storms form between June and November, a few storms do occur between December and May (although tropical cyclone formation is at a minimum during that time). On average, the northwestern Pacific features the most numerous and intense tropical cyclones globally. Like other basins, they are steered by the subtropical ridge towards the west or northwest, with some systems recurving near and east of Japan. The Philippines receive the brunt of the landfalls, with China and Japan being impacted slightly less. Some of the deadliest typhoons in history have struck China. Southern China has the longest record of typhoon impacts for the region, with a thousand-year sample via documents within their archives. Taiwan has received the wettest known typhoon on record for the northwest Pacific tropical cyclone basins.Typhoon Koppu
Typhoon Koppu, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Lando, was a powerful and devastating tropical cyclone that struck Luzon in October 2015. It was the twenty-fourth named storm and the fifteenth typhoon of the annual typhoon season. Similar to Goni earlier in the year, Koppu originated from a tropical disturbance east of the Mariana Islands on October 10. Moving briskly west, the system consolidated into a tropical depression the following day and further into a tropical storm on October 13. Situated over the warm waters of the Philippine Sea, Koppu quickly deepened. The storm reached its peak intensity on October 17 with ten-minute sustained winds of 185 km/h (115 mph) according to the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA). The Joint Typhoon Warning Center assessed Koppu to have been a Category 4-equivalent super typhoon with one-minute sustained winds of 240 km/h (150 mph). The storm subsequently made landfall at this strength near Casiguran, Philippines. Rapid weakening ensued due to interaction with the mountainous terrain of Luzon and the disheveled core of Koppu emerged over the West Philippine Sea on October 19. Unfavorable environmental conditions inhibited reorganization and the system diminished to a tropical depression on October 21.
Prior to Koppu's landfall, PAGASA raised Public Storm Warning Signals for numerous provinces; nearly 24,000 people evacuated accordingly. The storm caused tremendous structural damage in coastal provinces, with thousands of structures damaged or destroyed. Prolonged, heavy rains—peaking at 1,077.8 mm (42.43 in) in Baguio—exacerbated the storm's effects and resulted in widespread flooding. 62 people were killed across the country and more than 100,000 others were displaced. Preliminary damage totals amount to ₱14.4 billion (US$313 million).Typhoon Lando
The name Lando has been used in the Philippines by PAGASA in the Western Pacific. It was previously known as Lakay where it was used in 2003 Pacific typhoon season.
Tropical Depression Lakay (2003) - the originating name before it was replaced in 2007.
Typhoon Hagibis (2007) (T0724, 24W, Lando)
Tropical Depression Lando (2011)
Typhoon Koppu (2015) (T1524, 24W, Lando) - struck Philippines and the longest typhoon stayed in mainland for at least 1 week before it dissipated.After causing severe damage to the Philippines, PAGASA decided to retire the name and will no longer be used in the future. The name Liwayway was selected to replace Lando for 2019 Pacific typhoon season.Typhoon Lekima (2019)
Typhoon Lekima, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Hanna, was the second-costliest typhoon in Chinese history, only behind Fitow in 2013. The ninth named storm of the 2019 Pacific typhoon season, Lekima originated from a tropical depression that formed east of the Philippines on July 30. It gradually organized, became a tropical storm and was named on August 4. Lekima intensified under favourable environmental conditions and peaked as a Category 4–equivalent super typhoon. However, an eyewall replacement cycle caused the typhoon to weaken before it made landfall in Zhejiang late on August 9, as a Category 2–equivalent typhoon. Lekima weakened subsequently while moving across the East China, and made its second landfall in Shandong on August 11.
Lekima's precursor enhanced the southwestern monsoon in the Philippines, which brought heavy rain to the country. The rains caused three boats to sink and 31 people died in this accident. Lekima brought catastrophic damage in mainland China, with a death toll of 56 people and more than CN¥53.7 billion (US$7.6 billion) in damages. The system also caused minor damage in Ryukyu Islands and Taiwan.Typhoon Wutip (2019)
Typhoon Wutip, known in the Philippines as Tropical Depression Betty, was the most powerful February typhoon on record, surpassing Typhoon Higos of 2015. The third tropical cyclone, second tropical storm, and the first typhoon of the 2019 Pacific typhoon season, Wutip originated from a low-pressure area on February 16, 2019. The disturbance moved westward, passing just south of the Federated States of Micronesia, before later organizing into Tropical Depression 02W on February 18, 2019. On February 20, 2019, the tropical depression intensified into a tropical storm and was named Wutip, before strengthening further into a typhoon on the next day. Wutip underwent rapid intensification, and on February 23, Wutip reached its initial peak intensity, with 10-minute sustained winds of 185 km/h (115 mph), 1-minute sustained winds of 250 km/h (155 mph), and a minimal pressure of 925 millibars (27.3 inHg) while passing to the southwest of Guam, becoming the strongest February typhoon on record as it did so.
Wutip underwent an eyewall replacement cycle shortly afterward, which caused the storm to weaken as it turned to the northwest. Wutip finished its eyewall replacement cycle on February 24, which allowed Wutip to restrengthen, with the typhoon rapidly intensifying once again. On February 25, Wutip reached its peak intensity with 10-minute sustained winds of 195 km/h (120 mph), 1-minute sustained winds of 260 km/h (160 mph), and a minimum central pressure of 920 millibars (27 inHg), becoming the first Category 5-equivalent super typhoon recorded in the month of February. Afterward, Wutip weakened on February 26, due to encountering strong wind shear. Wutip rapidly weakened as it moved northwestward, before dissipating on March 2.
Wutip caused at least $3.3 million (2019 USD) in damages in Guam and Micronesia.Typhoons in the Philippines
Approximately twenty tropical cyclones enter the Philippine area of responsibility yearly, an area which incorporates parts of the Pacific Ocean, South China Sea and the Philippine Archipelago (with the exception of Tawi-Tawi province). Among these cyclones, ten will be typhoons, with five having the potential to be destructive ones. The Philippines is "the most exposed country in the world to tropical storms" according to a Time Magazine article in 2013. In the Philippine languages, tropical cyclones are generally called bagyo.Typhoons can hit the Philippines any time of year, with the months of June to September being most active, with August being the most active individual month and May the least active. Typhoons move east to west across the country, heading north as they go. Storms most frequently make landfall on the islands of Eastern Visayas, Bicol region, and northern Luzon whereas the southern island and region of Mindanao is largely free of typhoons. Climate change is likely to worsen the situation with the extreme weather events including typhoons posing various risks and threats to the Philippines.The deadliest overall tropical cyclone to affect the Philippines is believed to have been the Haiphong typhoon which is estimated to have killed up to 20,000 people as it passed over the country in September 1881. In modern meteorological records, the deadliest storm was Typhoon Yolanda (international name Haiyan), which became the strongest landfalling tropical cyclone ever recorded as it crossed the Visayas in central Philippines on November 7–8, 2013. The wettest known tropical cyclone to impact the archipelago was the July 14–18, 1911 cyclone which dropped over 2,210 millimetres (87 in) of rainfall within a 3-day, 15-hour period in Baguio. Tropical cyclones usually account for at least 30 percent of the annual rainfall in the northern Philippines while being responsible for less than 10 percent of the annual rainfall in the southern islands. PAGASA Senior Weather Specialist Anthony Lucero told the newsite Rappler that the number of destructive typhoons have increased recently but it is too early to call it a trend.Tropical cyclones entering the Philippine Area of Responsibility are given a local name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), which also raises public storm signal warnings as deemed necessary.Preparation and response to typhoons is coordinated by the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). Each Philippine province and local government in the Philippines has a corresponding Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (DRRMO). Each provincial and local government is required to set aside 5% of its yearly budget for disaster risk reduction, preparations, and response.The frequency of typhoons in the Philippines have made the typhoons a significant part of everyday ancient and modern Filipino culture.
Tropical cyclones of the 2019 Pacific typhoon season