The 2019 Cotabato earthquakes were an earthquake swarm which struck the province of Cotabato on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines in October 2019. Three of these earthquakes were above 6.0 on the magnitude scale with a Mercalli intensity of VIII. More than 30 people died and a further 700 were injured after these events.
|2019 Cotabato earthquakes|
|A: 2019-10-16 11:37:06|
|B: 2019-10-29 01:04:44|
|C: 2019-10-31 01:11:19|
|A: October 16, 2019|
|B: October 29, 2019|
|C: October 31, 2019|
|A: 7:37 pm (PST)|
|B: 9:04 am (PST)|
|C: 9:11 am (PST)|
|A: 6.3 Mwp|
|B: 6.6 Mww|
|C: 6.5 Mww|
|A: 14.1 km (9 mi)|
|B: 15.3 km (10 mi)|
|C: 10.0 km (6 mi)|
22 km southeast of Tulunan, Cotabato
|Areas affected||Soccsksargen, Davao Region, Bangsamoro, Caraga|
|Max. intensity||VIII (Severe) – MMS|
VII (Destructive) – PEIS
Mindanao lies across the complex convergent boundary between the Sunda Plate and the Philippine Sea Plate. Part of the oblique convergence between these plates is taken up by subduction along the Cotabato Trench. The strike-slip component of the convergence is accommodated partly by the Philippine Fault System and partly by the Cotabato Fault System, a network of mainly NW-SE trending sinistral (left-lateral) strike-slip faults that form the boundary between the Cotabato Arc and the Central Mindanao Volcanic Belt. In the area of the October 2019 earthquakes series, the individual faults include the NW-SE trending South Columbio Fault, North Columbio Fault, M'Lang Fault, Makilala–Malungon Fault and Tangbulan Fault, and the SW-NE trending Makilala Fault and Balabag Fault.
The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) reported that an earthquake of 6.3 magnitude was recorded at 19:37 PST (UTC+8) with a depth of 14.1 kilometers. The epicenter was in 22 kilometers southeast of Tulunan, Cotabato where earthquake was felt at Intensity VII. VII was also reached at M'lang and Kidapawan. Intensity VI was reached at Tacurong, Santo Niño in South Cotabato, and Digos in Davao del Sur. The earthquake was a result of sinistral movement on a NW-SE trending strike-slip fault.
Three malls in Davao City reported damage following the earthquake. In General Santos, the Gaisano Mall was mostly gutted following a fire triggered by the earthquake. 143 buildings were damaged and one was destroyed. The damaged buildings included 40 houses, 70 schools, 7 health facilities, 10 commercial buildings, and 2 places of worship.
On October 29, 2019, a 6.6-magnitude earthquake struck the island of Mindanao in the Philippines at a depth of 14.1 km, according to the USGS, and 7 km according to PHIVOLCS. The maximum perceived shaking was VII on both the PEIS and MMS scales. This intensity was reached in Tulunan, Makilala, Kidapawan City, Digos City, and Malungon. This earthquake was caused by movement on a different, but related, strike-slip fault to the October 16 event.
A major fire broke out in General Santos City. There were power outages in many parts of Cotabato and locally in South Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, and Sarangani. At least ten deaths were reported, with a minimum of another four hundred injured. The fatalities were reported in Arakan, Carmen, Tulanan, Makilala, Digos City, and Magsaysay. School classes were suspended in parts of North Cotabato, South Cotabato, and Sultan Kudarat.
On October 31, 2019, a 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck the island of Mindanao in the Philippines at a depth of 10 km according to the USGS, with the epicenter located 1 km south of Kisante. A maximum perceived shaking of VII (PEIS) was reported from Tulunan, Makilala, Kidapawan City, Santa Cruz, Matanao, Magsaysay, Bansalan and Digos City. Some buildings in Davao and Soccksargen were seriously damaged and some collapsed. The death toll of these two quakes (October 29 and 31) was raised to 24, with 563 people injured, and 11 still missing. More than 300 aftershocks were recorded after the earthquake.
A hotel in Kidapawan City collapsed following the earthquake; fortunately, according National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), no one was inside in the building when the earthquake struck. The Davao City government suspended the classes on all levels. Affected residents in Makilala, Cotabato have begged on the highway for basic needs such as rice and tents. According to the NDRRMC, about 30,000 families or 150,000 individuals affected by the earthquake.
The earthquake sequence triggered a large number of landslides and rockslides. Municipalities affected by landslides include Kidapawan City, Antipas, Arakan, Makilala, M'Lang and Tulunan in Cotabato province; Magsaysay, Bansalan, Malalag, Matanao and Kiblawan in Davao Del Sur. Three fatalities were caused by landslides triggered by the October 29 shock with a further six people reported missing. Two fatalities were caused by landslides triggered by the October 31 shock, with a further five people reported missing.
The US Ambassador to the Philippines, Sung Kim, and the EU delegation to the Philippines both offered their condolences to the Filipino people. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi also sent his message of sympathy to Philippine Foreign Secretary Teodoro Locsin Jr.. The Chinese government has donated ¥3 million yuan (roughly equivalent to ₱22 million pesos) to support the disaster relief efforts in Mindanao. Meanwhile, the Spanish Consulate in the Philippines pledged to donate up to 35,000 euros to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and 70,000 euros to assist people in water, hygiene and sanitation.
The Provincial Government of South Cotabato, Sarangani and the City of General Santos was one of the first to initiate to help the citizens with blankets, trapal, food and water near the epicenter of the earthquake swarm, most especially in the Municipalities of Makilala, Tulunan, M'lang and City of Kidapawan. Local citizens in Soccsksargen acted in both giving donations in the government processes and privately giving donations across the highway in Makilala, Tulunan and Kidapawan. The Davao City Government also helped the affected areas headed by Mayor Sara Duterte. The Island Garden City of Samal Government also went to Cotabato Province to give relief goods and drinking water. The Bangsamoro Government also went to the affected areas to give relief goods. The municipality of Datu Saudi Ampatuan Government also went to the area to share donations to help the affected people. Among other institutions that immediately helped where banks, malls, universities and schools in Soccsksargen and Davao Region to assist there fellow mindanaoans in crisis.
Christopher Lawrence "Bong" Tesoro Go (Tagalog: [go]; born June 14, 1974) is a Filipino politician best known for serving as the personal aide of Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte for more than 21 years and counting. Go was elected as Senator of the Philippines on 2019 and held the post as Special Assistant to the President from June 2016 to October 2018.
After being elected as Senator, Go still assists Duterte as his aide and as his own personal political advisor in most of Duterte's activities but not as usual as before due to Go's legislation job in the Senate.List of earthquakes 2011–2020
The following is a list of significant earthquakes for the period 2011–2020, listing earthquakes of magnitude 7 and above, or which caused fatalities. Deaths due to earthquake-caused tsunamis are included.
For lists of earthquakes by country, which may include smaller and less destructive events than those listed here, see Lists of earthquakes by country.List of earthquakes in 2019
This is a list of earthquakes in 2019. Only earthquakes of magnitude 6 or above are included, unless they result in damage and/or casualties, or are notable for other reasons. All dates are listed according to UTC time. Maximum intensities are indicated on the Modified Mercalli intensity scale and are sourced from United States Geological Survey (USGS) ShakeMap data.
|Date||Time (UTC)||Magnitude Mw||Intensity||Depth||Location||Ref.|
|October 16||11:37:05||6.4||VIII||12.8 km (8.0 mi)||7 km (4.3 mi) ENE of Columbio|||
|October 16||12:09:31||5.3||VI||9.9 km (6.2 mi)||10 km (6.2 mi) ENE of Columbio|||
|October 18||22:52:18||5.0||III||28.1 km (17.5 mi)||7 km (4.3 mi) W of Magsaysay|||
|October 19||11:44:28||5.2||III||10.0 km (6.2 mi)||4 km (2.5 mi) S of Magsaysay|||
|October 20||08:55:32||5.2||V||10.0 km (6.2 mi)||7 km (4.3 mi) N of Lambayong|||
|October 20||11:50:35||5.0||V||10.0 km (6.2 mi)||8 km (5.0 mi) WNW of Kiblawan|||
|October 21||11:59:43||5.1||V||10.0 km (6.2 mi)||6 km (3.7 mi) NW of Kiblawan|||
|October 29||01:04:44||6.6||VIII||15.3 km (9.5 mi)||14 km (8.7 mi) E of Bual|||
|October 29||02:22:35||5.0||V||10.0 km (6.2 mi)||1 km (0.62 mi) SE of Saguing|||
|October 29||02:42:39||5.8||VII||10.0 km (6.2 mi)||10 km (6.2 mi) E of Bagontapay|||
|October 29||08:33:12||5.3||III||10.0 km (6.2 mi)||11 km (6.8 mi) E of Bagontapay|||
|October 29||08:46:03||5.2||V||10.0 km (6.2 mi)||2 km (1.2 mi) SW of Dolo|||
|October 29||21:22:07||5.0||12.9 km (8.0 mi)||7 km (4.3 mi) W of Magsaysay|||
|October 31||01:11:19||6.5||VIII||10.0 km (6.2 mi)||0 km (0 mi) NW of Bulatukan|||
|Province||Houses||Schools||Health facilities||Other public structures||Places of worship||Commercial buildings||Roads & Bridges|
|Davao del Sur||2,185||7,505||2||260||27||129||3||2||0||0||1||12||0||9|
|Davao del Norte||0||0||0||113||0||2||0||15||0||1||0||1||0||1|