2017 Las Vegas shooting

On the night of October 1, 2017, Stephen Paddock opened fire on a crowd of concertgoers at the Route 91 Harvest music festival on the Las Vegas Strip in Nevada. He killed 58 people and wounded 422, and the ensuing panic brought the injury total to 851. Paddock, a 64-year-old man from Mesquite, Nevada, fired more than 1,100 rounds of ammunition from his suite on the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay Hotel. The shooting occurred between 10:05 and 10:15 p.m. PDT; about an hour later, Paddock was found dead in his room from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. His motive remains undetermined.

The incident is the deadliest mass shooting committed by an individual in the history of the United States. It focused attention on gun laws in the U.S., particularly with regard to bump stocks, which Paddock used to fire shots in rapid succession, in a manner similar to automatic weapons.[2] As a result, bump stocks were banned by the U.S. Justice Department in December 2018, with the regulation in effect as of March 2019.

2017 Las Vegas shooting
View from the Foundation Room (24089601122)
1
2
1
Mandalay Bay Hotel
2
Route 91 Harvest country music festival grounds
View of the location
[Full screen]
Map showing the location of the hotel and the festival grounds
LocationLas Vegas Strip, Paradise, Nevada, U.S.
Coordinates36°5′42″N 115°10′18″W / 36.09500°N 115.17167°WCoordinates: 36°5′42″N 115°10′18″W / 36.09500°N 115.17167°W
DateOctober 1, 2017
c. 10:05 – 10:15 p.m. (PDT; UTC−07:00)
TargetAudience of the Route 91 Harvest music festival
Attack type
Mass shooting, murder–suicide
Weapons24 firearms in total, including:[1]
Deaths59 (including the perpetrator)
Non-fatal injuries
851 (422 by gunfire)
PerpetratorStephen Paddock
MotiveUncertain

Background

Location

The Las Vegas Strip is a stretch of Las Vegas Boulevard immediately south of the city of Las Vegas in Clark County, Nevada. The Strip is known for its concentration of casinos and resort hotels, including the 43-story Mandalay Bay southwest of its intersection with Mandalay Bay Road, in the unincorporated town of Paradise.[3]

Las Vegas Village, a 15-acre (6.1-hectare) lot used for outdoor performances, is located diagonally across the intersection to the northeast.[3][4] From 2014 onward, the venue hosted the annual Route 91 Harvest country music festival. The 2017 festival ran from September 29 to October 1, with over 22,000 attendees on the final day.[4][5][a]

Perpetrator

Stephen Paddock was a 64-year-old former auditor and real estate businessman who had been living 80 miles (130 km) northeast of Las Vegas in a retirement community in Mesquite, Nevada.[6] Paddock was twice divorced, had a long-term girlfriend, and had no known children.[7] He was a son of Benjamin Paddock, a bank robber who was on the FBI's most-wanted list between 1969 and 1977.[7] Paddock's only recorded interactions with law enforcement were traffic citations.[8]

Paddock was a high-stakes gambler who placed bets at a high enough level to earn valuable comps—free benefits such as rooms and meals.[9] He was a familiar figure to casino hosts in Las Vegas, but was not well known among other high-stakes gamblers because he mostly played video poker.[9] He reportedly kept to himself and was a heavy drinker.[10] Paddock had lost a significant amount of his wealth over the previous two years,[11] but had paid off all gambling debts before the shooting.[12]

Paddock may have considered attacking other events. He had researched large-scale venues in cities such as Boston since at least May 2017,[12] and had reserved a room overlooking the August 2017 Lollapalooza festival in Chicago, but did not use it.[13] According to his girlfriend, she and Paddock were at the Mandalay Bay during an earlier stay a month before the attack when he repeatedly cased out Las Vegas Village from different windows in their room.[14] From September 17, Paddock stayed at The Ogden in Downtown Las Vegas, which overlooked the open-air Life Is Beautiful festival that ran from September 22 to September 24.[14][5] His internet search terms from mid-September included "swat weapons", "ballistics chart 308", "SWAT Las Vegas", and "do police use explosives".[14]

Shooting

Preparation

Paddock arrived at Mandalay Bay on September 25, 2017. He was booked into Room 32-135, a complimentary room on the 32nd floor.[5][9] Four days later, he also checked into the directly-connected Room 32-134. Both suites overlook the site of the concert at Las Vegas Village.[5][15][b] Between September 25 and October 1—the day of the shooting—he stockpiled an arsenal of weapons, associated equipment and ammunition that included fourteen AR-15 rifles (all of which were equipped with bump stocks and twelve of which had 100-round magazines), eight AR-10 rifles, a bolt-action rifle, and a revolver. A bump stock modifies a semi-automatic weapon so that it can shoot in rapid succession, mimicking automatic fire.[2] Often with the help of hotel bellhops, he brought five suitcases to his room on September 25, seven on the 26th, two on the 28th, six on the 30th, and two on October 1.[16][14][5] Cell phone records also show that he also made multiple visits to his home in Mesquite. On September 30, he placed "Do not disturb" signs on the doors of both rooms.[16] Before the shooting Paddock spent much of his time at Mandalay Bay gambling, often at night. He interacted with Mandalay Bay employees more than ten times during his stay, including twice on the day of the shooting; an MGM Resorts International spokesperson said they were all "normal in nature".[17]

Attack

Las Vegas Strip shooting
Schematic of the shooting scene. Paddock indiscriminately fired rifle rounds from the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay hotel toward the concertgoers at Las Vegas Village.

The mass shooting occurred between 10:05 and 10:15 p.m. PDT on October 1, 2017, which was the third and final night of the festival. When the shooting began, country music singer Jason Aldean was giving the closing performance.[18]

Shortly before 10:00 p.m., hotel security guard Jesus Campos was sent to the 32nd floor to investigate an open-door alert. He attempted to open a door that provided immediate access to the floor, but found that it would not open. After Campos entered the floor, he discovered an L-shaped bracket screwed into the door and door frame, which was responsible for barring the door from opening. After reporting the discovery to his dispatch center, he heard the sound of rapid drilling coming from Room 32–135 and went to investigate the matter. At approximately 10:05, he was hit in the right thigh by one of about 35 bullets that Paddock fired through the door of his suite. After Campos was hit, he took cover in the alcove between Rooms 32–122 and 32–124 and immediately informed the hotel by radio and cellphone that he had been shot, though he believed he had been shot with a BB or pellet gun. At the same time, maintenance worker Stephen Schuck was on the same floor to fix the door that Campos had reported as being barricaded. Campos, who was already injured, encountered Schuck and told him to take cover. Schuck contacted hotel dispatchers over his radio, informed them of the ongoing shooting, and told them to call the police.[5][19][20][21][22] Neither Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department nor MGM Resorts International, the Mandalay Bay's owner, have confirmed when information about the initial shooting was relayed to the police.[23][24][25][26]

Mandalay Bay, McCarran, and Route 91 (crop, no labels)
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2
3
1
Mandalay Bay hotel
2
Main stage of Route 91 Harvest festival
3
Jet fuel tanks at McCarran International Airport

After Paddock used a hammer to break two of the windows in both of his suites,[5] he began shooting through them at 10:05 p.m.[27] He ultimately fired more than 1,100 rifle rounds[28] approximately 490 yards (450 m) into the festival audience.[29][30][31][c] He initially started out with a few single gunshots before firing in prolonged bursts.[5] Many people in the crowd initially mistook the gunfire for fireworks.[32] During the shooting, a security fence hindered concertgoers from fleeing the 15-acre concrete lot.[33] The gunfire continued, with some momentary pauses, over the span of ten minutes and ended by 10:15 p.m.[34][35]

In addition to shooting at the concertgoers, Paddock fired eight bullets at a large jet fuel tank at McCarran International Airport 2,000 feet (600 m) away.[5] Two of those bullets struck the exterior of the tank, with one bullet penetrating the tank. The fuel did not explode because jet fuel is mostly kerosene, which is unlikely to ignite when struck by a bullet.[36]

During the shooting, police officers were initially confused whether the shots were coming from the Mandalay Bay, the nearby Luxor hotel, or the festival grounds.[33] There were also multiple false reports of additional shooters at other hotels on the Strip.[37] Officers eventually spotted multiple flashes of gunfire in the middle of the northern side of Mandalay Bay and responded to the hotel. At 10:12 p.m., two officers on the 31st floor reported the sounds of gunfire on the floor above them.[33] When officers arrived on the 32nd floor at 10:17 p.m. and encountered Campos a minute later, he directed them to Paddock's room and helped others evacuate. Campos was then directed to seek medical attention for himself.[20][22]

Between 10:26 and 10:30 p.m., eight additional officers arrived at the 32nd floor; some of those officers manually breached through the door Paddock had screwed shut with the bracket. The gunfire had ceased, and the police moved systematically down the hallway, searching and clearing each room, using a master key that was provided by Campos. At 10:55 p.m., the officers finished evacuating guests. At 11:20 p.m., police breached Room 32-135 with explosives.[5][33][35][38] Paddock was found dead on the floor from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head.[39][40] Police then breached Room 32-134; while entering the hotel suite, an officer accidentally fired a three-round burst from his weapon, but the bullets did not hit anyone.[5][41] At 11:27 p.m., officers announced over the police radio that a suspect was down.[35][42]

Immediate response

McCarran International Airport, adjacent to the shooting site, was shut down for several hours.[43] Approximately 300 people entered the airport property as they fled from the shooting.[32] This prompted officials to shut down all four runways. More than 25 flights were rerouted to ensure that no aircraft would be hit by gunfire,[37] while other flights were canceled before airfield operations resumed at 12:40 a.m. on October 2.[44]

Much of Las Vegas Boulevard was closed while police SWAT teams combed the venue and neighboring businesses. At approximately 2:45 p.m. PDT on October 2, a state of emergency was declared in Clark County.[45][46] Early on October 2, Sheriff Lombardo identified the suspect as Stephen Paddock.[47]

Casualties

Fifty-eight people were shot to death at the music festival; Paddock's suicide was the only death at the Mandalay Bay Hotel.[48][49][50] The fatalities included 36 women and 22 men.[48] The oldest was 67; the youngest was 20.[51] Six were from Nevada, 35 from California, 13 from other states, and four from Canada.[52] The Clark County Coroner's Office determined that all 58 victims died as a result of gunshot wounds.[53] Thirty-one of the victims were pronounced dead at the scene, while the rest were pronounced dead at hospitals.[12]

An additional 851 people were injured, 422 of them with gunshot wounds.[25][54] In the aftermath, many victims were transported to area hospitals, which included University Medical Center of Southern Nevada, Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center, and at least one of the six hospitals of Valley Health System.[55][56][57] Sunrise Hospital treated the largest portion of the wounded: 199 patients,[58] 150 of whom arrived within a timespan of about 40 minutes.[59] University Medical Center, the Level I trauma center in Las Vegas, was difficult to access for the more than 50 percent of patients transported by private vehicles because Interstate 15, the most direct route from the shooting location, was closed to the public. Also, an erroneous emergency services announcement made one hour after the shooting reported UMC had reached capacity and was on diversion. This confusion persisted for several hours and led to most patients being transported to Sunrise, a Level II trauma center.[60] University Medical Center treated 104 patients.[61] Additionally, six victims sought medical treatment in Southern California; UC Irvine Medical Center treated four and Loma Linda University Medical Center treated two.[62] Victims of the shooting required blood transfusions totaling 499 components in the first 24 hours of treatment, but this blood was rapidly replaced by available blood from local and national blood banks.[60]

The incident is the deadliest mass shooting committed by an individual in the United States, exceeding the death toll of the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting, where 49 people were shot and killed.[48][63][64]

Surviving witnesses

Several persons at the shooting were also present at another mass shooting in November 2018 at the Borderline Bar and Grill in Thousand Oaks, California.[65] One person stated that the number of Las Vegas survivors at the bar may have been as high as 60.[66] It was confirmed that a survivor of the massacre in Las Vegas died in the shooting in Thousand Oaks.[67]

Aftermath

Lasvegassignflowers
The Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas sign adorned with flowers on October 9, 2017, a week after the shooting
President Trump meets Las Vegas shooting victim Tiffany Huizar
President Trump visits a Las Vegas shooting victim with his wife Melania.

On the morning after the shooting, lines to donate blood in Las Vegas stretched for blocks. Wait times were as much as six hours or more.[68] In Las Vegas alone, 800 units of blood were donated to the local blood bank in the days following the shooting, and the American Red Cross reported a 53% increase in blood donation in the two days following the shooting.[60] It was later reported that over 15% of the blood donated in Las Vegas after the shooting went unused, prompting questions about the benefit of widespread calls for blood donation following mass shootings.[69] Millions of dollars have also been raised to help victims and their families.[70]

Nevada Governor Brian Sandoval called the shooting "a tragic and heinous act of violence that has shaken the Nevada family".[71] Jason Aldean, who was singing when the shooting started, posted his condolences on Instagram and noted all of those working with him at the show had survived the attack.[72]

At a press conference, President Donald Trump described Paddock as "a very very sick individual", and "a demented man, [with] a lot of problems". He added, "the police department has done such an incredible job, and we'll be talking about gun laws as time goes by".[73][74] A White House official talking points memo, distributed to Trump allies, opposed tightening gun control since "new laws won't stop a mad man", but "will curtail the freedoms of law abiding citizens".[75] On October 2, Trump issued a proclamation to honor the victims and their families.[76][77] On October 4, Trump visited the shooting victims and first responders.[78]

A unity prayer walk and ceremony was held in Las Vegas on October 7 in honor of the dead. Speakers at the ceremony included Vice President Mike Pence and Las Vegas Mayor Carolyn Goodman.[79] On the evening of October 15, thousands participated in a commemorative 3 mile walk between Circus Circus and Mandalay Bay.[80]

The annual Rock 'n' Roll Las Vegas Marathon took place on November 12 and was the largest event to be held in the city since the shooting. The event received a massive amount of security, which included 350 officers, counter-sniper surveillance posts, and a number of barriers composed of dump trucks, buses, and other large vehicles.[81]

The expansion Vegas Golden Knights of the NHL held a tribute to the victims and honored response personnel before their inaugural home game on October 10.[82] Later during the season, the number 58 became the first number in team history to be retired, chosen for the 58 deaths during the shooting.[83]

The future of the Las Vegas Village site remains undetermined.[84]

Gun control discussion

The shooting prompted support in the U.S. Congress for assault weapons legislation that would ban bump stocks. Many Congressional Democrats and some Republicans expressed support.[85] House leaders said the issue of bump stock regulation should be decided by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, which originally approved bump stocks.[86] The National Rifle Association (NRA) came out in favor of administrative bump fire stock regulations.[48] Firearms retailers reported increased consumer interest in bump stocks.[87]

On November 6, 2017, Massachusetts became the first state to ban the sale, possession, or use of the devices.[88] In December 2018, Acting United States Attorney General Matthew Whitaker signed a regulation banning bump stocks in the U.S., effective March 2019. The regulation bans new sales and requires current owners to surrender or destroy existing bump stocks.[89]

Eighteen Democratic U.S. Senators introduced a bill, the Keep Americans Safe Act, which would ban gun magazines that hold more than ten rounds of ammunition.[90] Stock prices of firearms manufacturers rose the day after the shooting, as has happened after similar incidents. Investors expected gun sales to increase over concerns that such an event could lead to more stringent gun-control legislation, and possibly due a rush of customers wishing to defend themselves against future attacks,[91][92] but firearm sales did not increase after the shooting.[93][94]

Legal action

In November 2017, a lawsuit was filed on behalf of 450 of the victims of the shooting, which claimed that the Mandalay Bay Hotel had shown negligence by allowing Paddock to bring a large amount of weaponry into the building.[95][96] In July 2018, MGM Resorts International countersued hundreds of victims, claiming that it had "no liability of any kind" for the attack.[97]

Awards

A British soldier, Trooper Ross Woodward, from the 1st The Queen's Dragoon Guards, who was visiting a nearby hotel while off-duty when the shooting began, was awarded the Queen's Commendation for Bravery for his actions during the event.[98] His citation stated that "he consciously, deliberately and repeatedly advanced towards danger, moving people to safety and treating casualties".[98]


A U.S. Navy Petty Officer First Class, Brian Mazi, who was attending the event with his wife, was awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for his actions.[99]

Investigation

According to authorities with the Clark County Commissioner, the name "1 October" was declared the official title for investigations into the mass shooting.[100]

Early reports

Investigators found hidden surveillance cameras that were placed inside and outside the hotel room, presumably so Paddock could monitor the arrival of others.[101] The cameras were not in record mode.[102] Police said a handwritten note found in the room indicated Paddock had been calculating the distance, wind, and trajectory from his 32nd floor hotel suite to the concertgoers he was targeting on the festival lot.[103][104]

At a press conference on October 4, Clark County Sheriff Joe Lombardo stated there was evidence—which he declined to discuss—that Paddock intended to escape the scene, and that he may have had assistance from an accomplice.[105] Investigators searched Paddock's room and found a "bulletproof vest" and breathing apparatus, which were survival gear that Paddock never used.[106]

There have been several changes in the official account and timeline of Paddock's shooting of hotel security guard Campos. Police officials described these adjustments as "minute changes" that are common in complex investigations.[20]

In their first statement about the incident, police officials inaccurately reported that Campos arrived on the scene after Paddock began firing into the crowd. In a second statement, police officials reported, again inaccurately, that Campos was shot six minutes before Paddock began firing into the crowd. That report had been based on a 9:59 p.m. notation in a hotel security log, which in a third statement was determined to have been the time when Campos encountered the barricaded door.[19][21]

Sheriff Lombardo dismissed allegations that the changing timeline was the result of some kind of conspiracy between the police department, the FBI, and MGM Resorts International saying, "Nobody is attempting to hide anything in reference to this investigation. The dynamics and the size of this investigation requires us to go through voluminous amounts of information in order to draw an accurate picture."[19]

Preliminary investigation

The Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department released a preliminary report on the event on January 18, 2018.[5]

Police speculate that Paddock acted alone and have not determined his motive. No links have been identified to any hate groups, terrorist groups or ideologies, and he did not record a reason for his actions.[107]

On February 2, 2018, Douglas Haig, an Arizonan ammunition dealer, was charged in a Nevada federal court with "conspiracy to manufacture and sell armor-piercing ammunition without a license" after his fingerprints were discovered on unfired armor-piercing ammunition inside Paddock's suite.[108]

Final investigative report

On August 3, 2018, Las Vegas Sheriff Joe Lombardo held a press conference on the release of the "LVMPD Criminal Investigative Report of the 1 October Mass Casualty Shooting". He said the 10-month investigation had revealed no evidence of conspiracy or a second gunman, and that the gunman's motive had not been definitely determined. Lombardo said "What we have been able to answer are the questions of who, what, when, where and how... what we have not been able to definitively answer is why Stephen Paddock committed this act."[109] A report published by the FBI's Behavioral Analysis Unit in January 2019 said that "there was no single or clear motivating factor" for the shooting.[110]

Weaponry

Twenty-four firearms, a large quantity of ammunition, and numerous high-capacity magazines capable of holding up to 100 rounds apiece were found in the suite.[1][111][112] Fourteen of the firearms were .223-caliber AR-15-type semi-automatic rifles: three manufactured by Colt, two by Daniel Defense, two by FN Herstal, two by LWRC International, two by POF-USA, one with a .223 Wylde chamber by Christensen Arms, one made-to-order by LMT, and one by Noveske. The others were eight .308-caliber AR-10-type rifles, one .308-caliber Ruger American bolt-action rifle, and one .38-caliber Smith & Wesson Model 342 revolver.[1][113][114][115] The AR-15 rifles were fitted with vertical forward grips and bump fire stocks,[1][113] the latter of which allowed for recoil to actuate their triggers at a rate of 90 rounds in 10 seconds.[116] The AR-10 rifles were equipped with various telescopic sights and mounted on bipods.[1][117][118] The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives determined that the firearms found in his hotel room, along with more guns found in his homes, had been legally purchased in Nevada, California, Texas, and Utah.[119] In the month preceding the shooting, he had attempted to purchase tracer ammunition, but the gun dealer he approached did not have the item in stock.[120] He bought tracer ammunition from a private seller at a Phoenix, Arizona gun show.[121]

During subsequent investigations, ammonium nitrate (often used in improvised explosive devices) was found in the trunk of his Hyundai Tucson SUV, along with 1,600 rounds of ammunition and 50 pounds (23 kg) of Tannerite, a binary explosive used to make explosive targets for gun ranges.[122][123] Undersheriff Kevin McMahill said that while Paddock had "nefarious intent" with the material, he did not appear to have assembled an explosive device.[120][124]

Conspiracy theories

In the hours and days after the shooting, false information and fake news about the shooter's identity and motive went viral on social media:

  • A 4chan /pol/ thread, which misidentified the shooter and described him as a registered Democrat, briefly featured in the "Top Stories" section of a Google search for the man's name. The misinformation was circulated by a number of websites including The Gateway Pundit.[125][126]
  • The fake news website Your News Wire spread false information about a second gunman who was shooting from the fourth floor of the hotel.[127]
  • Two of Facebook's top trending pages were items from Sputnik, a Russian government news agency. These included one story that falsely claimed the FBI had linked the shooter to a terrorist group. The stories were later removed from Sputnik with an apology.[128][129]
  • Stories linking the shooter to Antifa have also been discredited.[130]
  • The terrorist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) claimed that Paddock was their "soldier" and that he had answered Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi's call to attack coalition countries.[131] ISIS provided no evidence for its claim, and had previously released multiple false claims of responsibility for incidents with which they had no connection.[132][133] On October 9, 2017, the FBI declared that Paddock's attack was not linked to international terrorism.[134]

Google and Facebook were criticized for displaying such false news stories in some of their search results.[128][135][136] The two technology companies were said to have failed in their responsibility of keeping false stories from reaching the public.[137] Facebook later said its algorithms were designed to detect and remove false stories, but failed to work adequately in this instance.[135]

In the aftermath of the shooting, some media outlets reported that YouTube search results for information about the shooting returned links to conspiracy videos. YouTube stated that it had tweaked its search algorithm to promote news sources which it considered more authoritative.[138][139] Some experts have stated that the removal of this content ironically fuels conspiracy theories by making a cover-up seem evident.[140]

Survivors of the shooting have been accused of being paid actors, with some having received death threats on social media.[141]

Conspiracy theorists claim that there were multiple shooters and that details of the massacre are being covered up for the sake of promoting gun control laws.[140]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ For the layout of the festival, see "Vegas hospitals swamped with victims after high-rise attack". MSN. Associated Press. October 3, 2017. Retrieved October 24, 2017.
  2. ^ For a diagram of Paddock's hotel suite and connecting room, see: "Why did it take police so long to breach Las Vegas gunman's room? Here's a new timeline". Los Angeles Times. October 4, 2017. Retrieved October 24, 2017..
  3. ^ For an infographic of what occurred at the venue during the shooting, see the fourth image of: "Las Vegas Shooting: Chaos at a Concert and a Frantic Search at Mandalay Bay". The New York Times. October 2, 2017. Retrieved October 3, 2017..

References

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  3. ^ a b Google. "2017 Las Vegas shooting" (Map). Google Maps. Google.
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External links

/pol/

/pol/ (Politically Incorrect) is a political discussion board on 4chan. The board's intended purpose is the "discussion of news, world events, political issues, and other related topics".A quantitative analysis found that /pol/ is an important influencer of news content on Twitter, with the board contributing 3% of mainstream news links and 1.96% of alternative news links on Twitter (as a fraction of all links co-appearing on Twitter, Reddit, and 4chan). The researchers concluded that "'fringe' communities often succeed in spreading alternative news to mainstream social networks."

Amaq News Agency

Amaq News Agency (Arabic: وكالة أعماق الإخبارية‎) is a news outlet linked to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). It is often the "first point of publication for claims of responsibility by the group".

Black ribbon

A black ribbon is a symbol of remembrance or mourning.

Bump fire

Bump fire is the act of using the recoil of a semi-automatic firearm or double-action revolver to fire bullets in rapid succession, but with a loss of accuracy. Bump stocks or bump fire stocks are gun stocks that can be used to assist in bump firing.

Desperate Man (song)

"Desperate Man" is a song recorded by American country music singer Eric Church. Written by Church and Ray Wylie Hubbard, the song is the title track and lead single from his sixth studio album of the same name.

Experiment (album)

Experiment is the second studio album by American country music singer Kane Brown. It was released on November 9, 2018, through RCA Records Nashville. The album includes the single "Lose It" and twelve other songs.

FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives, 1960s

In the 1960s, for a second decade, the United States FBI continued to maintain a public list of the people it regarded as the Ten Most Wanted Fugitives. Following is a brief review of FBI people and events that place the 1960s decade in context, and then an historical list of individual suspects whose names first appeared on the 10 Most Wanted list during the decade of the 1960s, under FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover.

Jason Aldean

Jason Aldine Williams (born February 28, 1977), known professionally as Jason Aldean, is an American country music singer. Since 2005, Jason Aldean has been signed to Broken Bow Records, a record label for which he has released eight albums and 24 singles. His 2010 album, My Kinda Party, is certified quadruple-platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). His 2012 album Night Train is certified double-platinum, while his 2005 self-titled debut, 2007 album Relentless, 2009 album Wide Open, 2014 album Old Boots, New Dirt are all certified platinum.

Of his singles, 19 have reached number one on either the Hot Country Songs or Country Airplay charts with "Why", "She's Country", "Big Green Tractor", "The Truth", "Don't You Wanna Stay" (a duet with Kelly Clarkson), "Dirt Road Anthem", "Fly Over States", "Take a Little Ride", "The Only Way I Know" (a collaboration with Luke Bryan and Eric Church), "Night Train", "When She Says Baby", "Burnin' It Down", "Just Gettin' Started", "Tonight Looks Good on You", "Lights Come On", "A Little More Summertime", "Any Ol' Barstool", “You Make It Easy”, and “Drowns the Whiskey” (a duet with Miranda Lambert). Eight more of his singles have reached the top 10.

Jean Scott (author)

Jean Scott, born 1938, is a retired teacher, an advantage player/comp hustler, and a gambling author who is best known for her 1998 book The Frugal Gambler. The book features gambling advice for novice gamblers, including money management strategies and how to procure the best casino comps and discounts.

Scott published a sequel to her first book, More Frugal Gambling in 2003. This book gives more details to help all levels of gamblers to lose less/win more. She went on to publish three more books in her Frugal Gambling series: Tax Help for Gamblers; Frugal Video Poker, a step-by-step guide to becoming a skilled VP player; and The Frugal Gambler Casino Guide (2017), which updates the information in the previous books to help gamblers adjust to the changing casino environment.Scott allowed the Las Vegas Review-Journal to shadow her and her husband, to shed light upon the casino lifestyle of Stephen Paddock, the American high-limit gambler, fellow advantage player/comp hustler, and mass murderer responsible for the 2017 Las Vegas shooting.

John Sepulvado

John Sepulvado (born February 26, 1979) was a U.S. public radio journalist and is former host of the California Morning Report on KQED.

He was the first journalist subpoenaed by the Trump administration. Sepulvado covered the occupation of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge and the 2017 Las Vegas shooting for NPR. He previously reported for CNN, where he was part of the team that won a Peabody Award for reporting on the BP oil disaster. He was also part of an investigative team that won an Edward R. Murrow Award for reporting on the California drought in 2017, and he won an Online Journalism Award for leading breaking news reporting of the Bundy standoff for Oregon Public Broadcasting.

Las Vegas shooting (disambiguation)

The 2017 Las Vegas shooting was a mass shooting that happened during the Route 91 Harvest festival in Paradise, Nevada in 2017.

Las Vegas shooting may also refer to:

Las Vegas courthouse shooting

2014 Las Vegas shootings

List of Green Bay Packers retired numbers

The Green Bay Packers are a professional American football team based in Green Bay, Wisconsin. Since their founding in 1919, over 1,600 players, including 30 Pro Football Hall of Famers have played for the team. Of those 30, 6 players have had their uniform numbers officially retired by the organization. Professional sports franchises, including the Packers, retire uniform numbers to recognize the contributions that a player has made towards the team. It is customary that after the uniform number is retired, it is no longer worn by future players with that team. These uniform numbers are usually prominently displayed within the team's arena or stadium. In the case of the Green Bay Packers, the retired numbers are displayed above the box seats in the north end zone of Lambeau Field.The first number retired by a team in a professional sport was ice hockey player Ace Bailey, whose No. 6 was retired by the Toronto Maple Leafs in 1934. The retirement of jersey numbers has spread to all major sports since then, including baseball, cricket, ice hockey, basketball, American football, and association football. There is no formal process for retiring jersey numbers; the criteria for and necessity of doing so are left up to each team. Some teams have even retired numbers to honor their fans, such as the Twelfth Man or the Sixth Man, and to honor the victims of tragedies, like when the No. 58 was retired by the Vegas Golden Knights hockey team to honor the 58 people killed in the 2017 Las Vegas shooting.

List of Vegas Golden Knights award winners

This is a list of Vegas Golden Knights award winners.

Mandalay Bay

Mandalay Bay is a 43-story luxury resort and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. It is owned and operated by MGM Resorts International. One of the property's towers operates as the Delano; the Four Seasons Hotel is independently operated within the Mandalay Bay tower, occupying five floors (35–39).

Mandalay Bay has 3,209 hotel rooms, 24 elevators and a casino of 135,000 square feet (12,500 m2). Adjacent to the hotel is the 2,000,000 square feet (190,000 m2) Mandalay Bay Convention Center and the 12,000-seat Mandalay Bay Events Center. The Mandalay Bay Tram connects the resort to its sister properties, Excalibur and Luxor, all three of which were constructed by Circus Circus Enterprises before its sale to MGM.

Mark Cerney

Mark V. Cerney (born April 10, 1967 in San Diego, California, U.S.) is the founder of an American nonprofit organization. He is best known for creating the Next of Kin Registry (NOKR) model.

His background includes graduating the St. John's Military School and serving with the US Marine Corps 1986-1993. He is married and has three children. The Next of Kin Registry became internationally known after appearing on CNN and Larry King after Hurricane Katrina. NOKR is an international free resource for the public to register emergency contact information that is only accessible to emergency agencies during times of urgent need. The organization was founded in 2004 and has been a resource used during Hurricane Katrina, the 7 July 2005 London bombings, the Asian tsunami, the 2012 Aurora shooting, Hurricane Sandy, the Orlando nightclub shooting, Hurricane Harvey, Hurricane Irma, Hurricane Maria, the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, and other disasters to include daily emergencies. The NOKR organization has volunteers in 50 US states and 87 countries. NOKR is the central depository for emergency contact information in the United States. The NOKR resource is used by more than 400 million registrants.

In 2005, after Hurricane Katrina, Senator Barack Obama (now former US President) introduced the National Next of Kin Registry to the 109th United States Congress in S.1630, The National Emergency Family Locator Act. The Next of Kin Registry was referenced in this bill as a standard for the Secretary of Homeland Security to consider in establishing the National Emergency Family Locator System.

In 2006 the American Red Cross partnered with the Next of Kin Registry. The American Red Cross, along with many familiar partner agencies, such as FEMA, the United States Postal Service and the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, wanted to ensure that families have a bevy of resources and options to use in order to communicate in times of disaster.

In 2007 the US Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) consulted with the Next of Kin Registry in an effort to answer HR5441 (Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2007), SEC. 689c. NOKR put forth the requested solution for the National Emergency Family Registry and Locator System (NEFRLS), which was established in compliance with Congressional legislation SEC. 689c of H.R. 5441 to help family members separated after major disasters to communicate with one another.

Mark serves as the President of NOKR in Washington, D.C., a non-profit public benefit resource used globally by emergency agencies to reunify families when emergencies happen or national disasters occur.

National Rifle Association

The National Rifle Association of America (NRA) is a U.S. nonprofit organization that advocates for gun rights. Founded in 1871, the group has informed its members about firearm-related legislation since 1934, and it has directly lobbied for and against firearms legislation since 1975.Founded to advance rifle marksmanship, the modern NRA continues to teach firearm safety and competency. The organization also publishes several magazines and sponsors competitive marksmanship events. According to the NRA, it has nearly 5 million members as of December 2018, although that figure has not been independently confirmed.Observers and lawmakers see the NRA as one of the top three most influential lobbying groups in Washington, D.C. The NRA Institute for Legislative Action (NRA-ILA) is its lobbying arm, which manages its political action committee (PAC), the Political Victory Fund (PVF). Over its history the organization has influenced legislation, participated in or initiated lawsuits, and endorsed or opposed various candidates at local, state and federal levels. The NRA has been criticized by gun control and gun rights advocacy groups, political commentators, and politicians. The organization has been the focus of intense criticism in the aftermath of high-profile shootings, such as the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting and the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting.

Retired number

Retiring the number of an athlete is an honor a team bestows upon a player, usually after the player has left the team, retires from the sport, or dies. Once a number is retired, no future player from the team may wear that number on their uniform, unless the player so-honored permits it; however, in many cases the number cannot be used at all. Such an honor may also be bestowed on players who had highly memorable careers, died prematurely under tragic circumstances, or have had their promising careers ended by serious injury. Some sports that retire team numbers include baseball, cricket, ice hockey, basketball, American football, and association football. Retired jerseys are often referred to as "hanging from the rafters" as they are, literally, put to hang in the team's home arena.The first number officially retired by a team in a professional sport was that of ice hockey player Ace Bailey, whose number 6 was retired by the Toronto Maple Leafs in 1934.Some teams have also retired number 12 in honor of their fans, or the "Twelfth Man". Similarly, the Sacramento Kings and Orlando Magic retired number 6 in honor of their fans, the "Sixth Man".

In some cases, a team may decide to retire a number in honor of tragedies involving the team's city or state. For example, in March 2018, the number 58 was retired by the Vegas Golden Knights hockey team in honor of the 58 victims killed in the 2017 Las Vegas shooting.

Route 91 Harvest festival

Route 91 Harvest festival was a country music festival in the United States that had been held annually in Paradise, Nevada from 2014 to 2017 in the Las Vegas Village, a 15-acre (6.1 ha) lot on Las Vegas Boulevard, formerly (former U.S. Route 91), directly across from the Luxor Las Vegas hotel and casino and diagonally across from the Mandalay Bay resort and casino. The festival's promoters are Live Nation Entertainment and MGM Resorts International. The festival was not held in 2018 and as of yet, no announcement has been made about a future event date.

Stephen Paddock

Stephen Craig Paddock (April 9, 1953 – October 1, 2017) was an American mass murderer responsible for the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, in which he opened fire into a crowd of approximately 22,000 concertgoers attending a country music festival on the Las Vegas Strip. The incident is the deadliest mass shooting by a lone shooter in United States history, with 58 fatalities (excluding Paddock) and 851 injuries (422 by gunfire). Paddock committed suicide in his hotel room by shooting himself.Paddock lived in Mesquite, Nevada, and was a real-estate investor, property manager, retired accountant, amateur pilot, and avid video poker gambler.

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