2016 Democratic National Convention

The 2016 Democratic National Convention was a presidential nominating convention, held at the Wells Fargo Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from July 25 through to July 28, 2016. The convention gathered delegates of the Democratic Party, the majority of them elected through a preceding series of primaries and caucuses, to nominate a candidate for president and vice president in the 2016 United States presidential election. Former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was chosen as the party's nominee for president by a 54% majority of delegates present at the convention roll call, defeating primary rival Senator Bernie Sanders, who received 46% of votes from delegates, and becoming the first female candidate to be formally nominated for president by a major political party in the United States. Her running mate, Senator Tim Kaine from Virginia, was confirmed by delegates as the party's nominee for vice president by acclamation.

Delegates at the convention also adopted a party platform, through a voice vote, to take to the 2016 elections, touted as the "most progressive" platform in the Democratic Party's history. The progressive shift was often credited to Sanders and the influence of platform-committee members appointed by him. The platform featured a focus on economic issues, such as Wall Street reform, stronger financial regulation, and raising the minimum wage to $15 an hour. Liberal stances on social issues, such as a call for criminal justice reform and an end to private prisons, expansion of Social Security, and the abolition of the death penalty, also feature in the platform. Many have noted, however, that manifestos tend to mean little in the context of American politics and politicians seldom remain faithful to them, leading to the view that the platform was designed to attract Bernie Sanders voters rather than to be seriously implemented by a Clinton administration.

Senator Elizabeth Warren delivered the keynote address of the convention, with First Lady Michelle Obama and Bernie Sanders serving as headlining speakers on the first day. Former President Bill Clinton served as headlining speaker on the convention's second day, while Vice President Joe Biden and President Barack Obama headlined on day three. Tim Kaine gave his vice presidential nomination acceptance speech on the third day of the convention, while Chelsea Clinton introduced Hillary Clinton to give her presidential nomination acceptance speech on the final day. Clinton's speech was generally well received, and she would go on to have a 7% convention bounce in national polling. Various performers also appeared during the convention, including Demi Lovato, Alicia Keys, Lenny Kravitz and Katy Perry. The live announcer for the four-day event was Sylvia Villagran. Overall attendance at the convention was estimated to be around 50,000, according to Anna Adams-Sarthou, a representative of the DNC Host Committee.[5]

The convention was not without controversy, as it was subject to various conflicts between supporters of the presidential campaign of Bernie Sanders and the Democratic Party. In the week prior to the convention, various emails from the Democratic National Committee, the governing body of the Democratic Party, were leaked and published, showing bias against the Sanders' campaign on the part of the Committee and its chair, Debbie Wasserman Schultz. Schultz subsequently resigned as chair of the Committee, and thus as chair of the Democratic National Convention, with Congresswoman Marcia Fudge taking up the role of Convention chair. Some delegates in support of Sanders staged protests both outside and on the floor of the convention, opposing the nomination of Clinton and Kaine as the party's nominees for president and vice president, respectively.

Clinton and Kaine would go on to lose the general election to Republican ticket of Donald Trump and his running mate Mike Pence in the electoral college, despite winning the popular vote.

2016 Democratic National Convention
2016 presidential election
Democratic National Convention 2016 Logo
D16 Oval
Kaine Oval
Clinton and Kaine
Date(s)July 25–28, 2016
CityPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania
VenueWells Fargo Center
ChairMarcia Fudge[1]
Keynote speakerElizabeth Warren of Massachusetts[2]
Notable speakersHillary Clinton
Barack Obama
Tim Kaine
Bill Clinton
Bernie Sanders
Cory Booker
Joe Biden
Michelle Obama
Nancy Pelosi
Michael Bloomberg
Tulsi Gabbard
Harry Reid
Chelsea Clinton
Kirsten Gillibrand
Sarah Silverman
Elizabeth Banks
Presidential nomineeHillary Clinton of New York
Vice Presidential nomineeTim Kaine of Virginia
Other candidatesBernie Sanders of Vermont
Total delegates4,763
Votes needed for nomination2,382 (majority)
Results (President)Clinton (NY): 2,842 (59.67%)[3]
Sanders (VT): 1,865 (39.16%)
Abstention: 56 (1.18%)
Results (Vice President)Kaine (VA): By acclamation[4]
Wells Fargo Center
The Wells Fargo Center, the site of the 2016 Democratic National Convention
DNC 2016 - Nancy Pelosi.jpeg
View of the stage at the Wells Fargo Center, during the 2016 Democratic National Convention.
Map of United States showing Orlando, Florida
Sites of the 2016 national presidential nominating conventions. Blue, red, green, and yellow indicate the conventions for the Democratic, Republican, Green, and Libertarian parties, respectively.


In 2016, the Republican and Democratic conventions were held in late July before the Rio de Janeiro Summer Olympics, instead of after the Olympics as in 2008 and 2012. One reason why the Republican Party scheduled its convention in July was to help avoid a longer, drawn-out primary battle (as in 2012). The Democrats then followed suit, scheduling their convention the week after the Republicans' convention, to provide a quicker response.[6]

Choice of convention site

PHL DNC305 (28482015210)
U.S. Customs and Border Protection scans delegate bus entering the convention

Philadelphia was selected as the host city on February 12, 2015.[7] The primary venue was the Wells Fargo Center; the Pennsylvania Convention Center was also used.[8] The last convention held in Philadelphia was the 2000 Republican National Convention; the last time the city hosted the Democratic Convention was in 1948.[9] Philadelphia was selected over finalists Columbus, New York City, Birmingham, Cleveland, and Phoenix.[10] Edward G. Rendell, the former mayor of Philadelphia and governor of Pennsylvania, played a crucial role in securing Philadelphia as the host city.[8][11]

Host Committee

The 2016 Philadelphia Host Committee, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, was the official and federally designated presidential convention host committee for the convention, charged with the task of raising the necessary funds to hold the convention. The Host Committee is composed of 10 prominent Philadelphia business executives, civic and other community leaders. The Reverend Leah Daughtry is the CEO.[12]

Email leak

A cache of more than 19,000 e-mails was leaked on July 22, 2016. This caused Democratic National Committee chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz to resign.[13] Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks, timed the release of the e-mails to occur shortly before the Democratic convention in hopes of maximizing its impact.[14]

Cybersecurity experts have identified the Russian government as potentially responsible for the hack of the DNC that led to the leaks,[15] and the U.S. intelligence agencies have "high confidence" that the Russian government was behind the theft.[16]

Planned demonstrations

By May 19, 2016, five organized groups of Sanders supporters had applied for demonstration permits from the Philadelphia police department.[17][18] A joint rally between the Poor People's Economic Human Rights Campaign and the Green Party of the United States was denied a protest permit, but both groups planned to go ahead with their protest regardless.[19][20][21] The Poor People's Economic Human Rights Campaign, the Green Party, and other groups obtained permits for their demonstrations on July 7 after the American Civil Liberties Union filed a lawsuit that resulted in the city lifting its ban on rush-hour protests during the DNC.[22] On July 12, Philadelphia International Airport workers of the SEIU 32BJ union voted, 461–5, in favor of striking during the DNC in order to seek "better scheduling, clarity on sick pay, a more predictable disciplinary system, and to be able to unionize".[23] However, on July 22, the union and American Airlines reached an agreement, and the planned strike was called off.[24][25]

The city of Philadelphia expected 35,000 to 50,000 protesters throughout the convention.[26][27]

Nomination and balloting

Pre-convention delegate count

The table below reflects the presumed delegate count following the 2016 Democratic primaries:

Candidate Pledged delegates Presumed count, including superdelegates
Hillary Clinton by Gage Skidmore 2
Hillary Clinton
Bernie Sanders September 2015 cropped
Bernie Sanders
Available delegates
Total delegate votes

Presidential ballot

Democratic convention 2016 roll call map
Results map of pluralities by state at the convention's roll call of delegates.
  Hillary Clinton (40)
  Bernie Sanders (16)
  Delegate Tie (1)

The Democratic presidential ballot was held on July 26, with Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake of Baltimore presiding over the roll call of states.[28] Senator Barbara Mikulski, the longest-serving woman in the history of Congress, nominated Clinton.[28] Congressman John Lewis and professor Na'ilah Amaru seconded the nomination.[29] Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard nominated Sanders, with Paul Feeney, the Massachusetts State Director for the Sanders campaign, and Shyla Nelson, a spokeswoman for Election Justice USA, seconding the nomination.[30][31] During the roll call, several state delegations lauded the accomplishments of both Clinton and Sanders.[32]

After all states had voted, Sanders stated, "I move that the convention suspend the procedural rules. I move that all votes, all votes cast by delegates be reflected in the official record, and I move that Hillary Clinton be selected as the nominee of the Democratic Party for president of the United States." Clinton had made a similar motion during the 2008 convention roll call; however, Sanders (unlike Clinton in 2008) did not move to nominate Clinton by acclamation.[33] Clinton became the first woman to be nominated for president by a major U.S. political party.[34]

Democratic presidential nomination ballot[3]
Hillary Clinton by Gage Skidmore 2
Hillary Clinton
Bernie Sanders September 2015 cropped
Bernie Sanders
Pictogram voting abstain

 Alabama 50 9 1
 Alaska 6 14 0
 American Samoa 8 3 0
 Arizona 51 34 0
 Arkansas 27 10 0
 California 330 221 0
 Colorado 36 41 1
 Connecticut 44 27 0
 Delaware 23 9 0
Democrats Abroad 7 10 0
 Washington, D.C. 39 5 0
 Florida 163 72 11
 Georgia 87 29 1
 Guam 9 2 1
 Hawaii 15 19 0
 Idaho 7 20 0
 Illinois 98 74 11
 Indiana 48 43 1
 Iowa 30 21 0
 Kansas 14 23 0
 Kentucky 33 27 0
 Louisiana 45 14 0
 Maine 12 18 0
 Maryland 84 36 0
 Massachusetts 68 46 1
 Michigan 81 66 0
 Minnesota 42 47 4
 Mississippi 33 7 1
 Missouri 49 35 0
 Montana 14 12 1
 Nebraska 13 16 0
 Nevada 27 16 1
 New Hampshire 16 16 0
 New Jersey 90 45 7
 New Mexico 27 16 0
 New York 181 108 2
 North Carolina 70 48 2
  North Dakota 7 14 2
 Northern Marianas 9 2 0
 Ohio 98 62 0
 Oklahoma 20 22 0
 Oregon 34 38 2
 Pennsylvania 126 82 0
 Puerto Rico 44 23 0
 Rhode Island 19 13 1
 South Carolina 46 13 0
 South Dakota 15[36] 10 0
 Tennessee 50 23 2
 Texas 179 72 0
 Utah 8 29 0
 Vermont[37] 4 22 0
 Virgin Islands, U.S. 12 0 0
 Virginia 75 33 0
 Washington 42 74 2
 West Virginia 19 18 0
 Wisconsin 47 49 0
 Wyoming 11 7 0
Unassigned[38] 0 0 1[38]
States and territories 40 16 1[39]
Total delegates 2842 1865 56

Vice presidential nomination

Clinton had announced her selection of Senator Tim Kaine of Virginia as her running mate on July 22.[40] Some Sanders supporters had discussed the possibility of challenging Kaine's nomination, but Kaine was nominated by acclamation on the third day of the convention.[41] Kaine became the first Virginia native since Woodrow Wilson to be on a major party's ticket.[42] Speculations on who Clinton would pick ranged from Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren to Secretary of Labor Tom Perez.[43]


Drafting process

The Platform Committee was co-chaired by former Atlanta mayor Shirley Franklin and Connecticut governor Dannel P. Malloy.[44] The four vice chairs are Nellie Gorbea of Rhode Island, the Rev. Cynthia Hale of Georgia, San Francisco mayor Ed Lee, and Greg Rosenbaum.[44]

Prior to the meeting of the full Platform Drafting Committee, eight meetings in four regions (Mid-Atlantic, Southwest, Midwest, and Southeast) were held: a forum with testimony in Washington, D.C. on June 8 and 9; a forum with testimony in Phoenix, Arizona, on June 17 and 18; a drafting committee meeting in St. Louis, Missouri, on June 24 and 25; and a platform committee meeting in Orlando, Florida, on July 8 and 9.[45]

The Drafting Committee heard testimony from 114 witnesses across the United States,[46] and an additional "1,000 Democrats submitted written or video testimony weighing in on the platform".[47] The drafting committee concluded its work on June 25, sending the draft platform to the full platform committee.[46]

The Drafting Committee consisted of fifteen members.[48] Under party rules, the chair of the Democratic National Committee had the power to name all fifteen members of the Drafting Committee, which has typically been done in the past in consultation with the White House (if a Democratic president is sitting) and the presumptive nominee.[49] In 2016, however, DNC chairwoman Debbie Wasserman-Schultz opted "to allocate 75% of the committee's seats to the presidential campaigns, awarding the slots proportionally according to the current vote tally" in a bid for wider representation of party members.[48] As a result, Clinton appointed six members to the committee, Sanders five, and Wasserman Schultz four.[50] This was the outcome of an agreement among the Bernie Sanders campaign, the Hillary Clinton campaign, and party officials, and was viewed as a victory for Sanders, who gained some influence on the party platform as result.[49][50]

The drafting committee members, named in May 2016, were as follows:[48]

Hillary Clinton committee appointees:

  1. Paul Booth of the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees[49]
  2. Carol Browner, former director of the White House Office of Energy and Climate Change Policy and former administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency[49]
  3. U.S. Representative Luis Gutiérrez of Illinois
  4. Ohio State Representative Alicia Reece[49]
  5. Ambassador Wendy Sherman, former senior State Department official[49]
  6. Neera Tanden, president of the Center for American Progress, "longtime Clinton confidante"[49]

Bernie Sanders committee appointees:

  1. U.S. Representative Keith Ellison of Minnesota, one of the highest-ranked elected officials to endorse Sanders[49]
  2. Bill McKibben, environmentalist[49]
  3. Deborah Parker, Native American activist[49]
  4. Cornel West, author, racial justice advocate[49]
  5. James Zogby, DNC official, president of the Arab American Institute[49]

Debbie Wasserman Schultz committee appointees:

  1. Former U.S. Representative Howard Berman of California[49]
  2. U.S. Representative Elijah E. Cummings of Maryland (chair of the drafting committee)[49]
  3. U.S. Representative Barbara Lee of California[49]
  4. Bonnie Schaefer, executive[49]

The Clinton Campaign's Senior Policy Advisor Maya Harris and the Sanders Campaign's Policy Director Warren Gunnels represented their respective campaigns as official, non-voting members of the Drafting Committee. Andrew Grossman was named Platform Executive Director.[51]

Platform provisions

Bernie Sanders (25878773721)
Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders greatly influenced the party platform adopted at the convention, described by political commentators as the "most progressive" in the party's history.

The full Platform Committee approved the Democratic platform following heated debate in Orlando on July 10, 2016; the platform was formally approved at the convention itself in Philadelphia.[52]

The platform adopted by the platform committee was described by NBC News and by columnist Katrina vanden Heuvel as the most progressive in party history, largely reflecting the influence of platform-committee members appointed by Bernie Sanders.[53][54] The platform committee-drafted platform was praised by both Hillary Clinton's campaign[55] and Bernie Sanders' campaign, with Sanders policy director Warren Gunnells saying his campaign achieved "at least 80 percent" of its goals.[53] Although Sanders could have chosen, under party rules, to force a vote on the convention floor using a "minority report" process, he decided not to do so, with Gunnells telling supporters that the campaign had successfully secured the adoption of many of its platform goals and "that further platform fights would be portrayed in the corporate media as obstructionist and divisive".[56]

The platform expresses support for raising the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour and indexing it to inflation, a plank supported by Sanders.[53][54] The adoption of this point was a boost for the Fight for $15 movement.[54] The platform also calls for ending the sub-minimum wage for tipped workers and workers with disabilities, and for twelve weeks of paid family and medical leave.[54]

On health care, the platform committee adopted a provision supporting a public option for the Affordable Care Act and for legislation to allow Americans ages 55 and over to buy into Medicare.[54] The platform committee voted down a more ambitious Medicare for All proposal supported by Sanders.[54] The platform "repeats the Democratic Party pledge to empower Medicare to negotiate lower prices for prescription drugs" and also calls for "doubling support for community health centers that provide primary health-care services, particularly in rural areas.[54]

The platform expresses support for Wall Street reform, the expansion of Social Security and the abolition of the death penalty, all points supported by Sanders.[53]

On financial regulation (Wall Street reform), the platform supports "a 21st-century Glass-Steagall Act to keep banks from gambling with taxpayer-guaranteed deposits", calls for the breakup of "too big to fail" financial institutions, and supports a tax on excessive speculation.[54]

The platform expresses support for criminal justice reform, calls for an end to private prisons, and reforms to boost police accountability to communities.[54] The platform calls for shutting "the revolving door between Wall Street and Washington," calling for "a ban on golden parachutes for bankers taking government jobs, limits on conflict of interest, and a two-year ban on financial services regulators 'from lobbying their former colleagues.'"[54]

On taxation, the platform pledges "tax relief" to middle-class families. The platform also calls for the end of overseas tax deferral and the carried interest tax loophole, as well as a crackdown on corporate inversions.[54]

On K–12 education, the party's platform was revised "in important ways, backing the right of parents to opt their children out of high-stakes standardized tests, qualifying support for charter schools, and opposing using test scores for high-stakes purposes to evaluate teachers and students."[57] The platform calls for "democratically governed great neighborhood public schools and high-quality public charter schools," and opposes "for-profit charter schools focused on making a profit off of public resources".[57]

On workers' rights, "the platform endorses expanding and defending the right of workers to organize unions and bargain collectively."[54] The platform supports the ability of workers to organize via card check and "calls for a 'model employer' executive order that would give preference in government procurement to employers who provide their workers with a living wage, benefits and the opportunity to form a union."[54]

The platform committee approved compromise language on the controversial practice of hydraulic fracturing (fracking), calling for increased federal, state and local regulation of the practice but not a wholesale ban, as Sanders had pushed for.[53]

The platform drafting committee twice voted down an amendment, supported by Sanders and advanced by one of his appointees, Rep. Keith Ellison, to commit the party to opposing the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal.[53][58] The committee instead backed a measure that said "there are a diversity of views in the party" on the TPP and reaffirmed that Democratic Party's stance that any trade deal "must protect workers and the environment".[58]

In a close, 81–80 vote, the platform committee approved language supporting the removal of marijuana from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act, "providing a reasoned pathway for future legalization" of marijuana.[59]

The platform maintains the Democratic Party's longstanding support for Israel, with DNC chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz terming it the "strongest pro-Israel" platform in the party's history.[60] The platform includes a provision condemning the BDS movement and calling for a two-state solution to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict "that guarantees Israel's future as a secure and democratic Jewish state with recognized borders and provides the Palestinians with independence, sovereignty, and dignity".[60] Proposals for language that would have condemned settlements and called for an end to the Israeli occupation were rejected in the platform committee.[54]

On abortion, the platform states, "We believe unequivocally, like the majority of Americans, that every woman should have access to quality reproductive health care services, including safe and legal abortion—regardless of where she lives, how much money she makes, or how she is insured."[61] It also promises action to overturn the Helms Amendment and the Hyde Amendment, and against efforts to defund Planned Parenthood.[61] This marks the first time the Democratic platform has an explicit call to repeal the Hyde Amendment.[62]

The platform urges U.S. ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and supports passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, saying: "After 240 years, we will finally enshrine the rights of women in the Constitution."[63]

Convention chair

On July 23, party officials announced that Democratic National Committee chairwoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz would not preside over or speak at the convention. The announcement came after the leak of 20,000 emails by seven DNC staffers from January 2015 to May 2016, during the Democratic primary season. The emails showed the staffers favoring Clinton and disparaging Sanders. Wasserman Schultz's removal from convention activities was approved by both the Clinton and Sanders campaigns. In her place, the Rules Committee named Representative Marcia Fudge of Ohio as convention chair.[64] Chris Cillizza of The Washington Post described this as "a remarkable snub for a sitting party chair".[65]

Superdelegate reform

On July 24, the DNC Rules Committee voted overwhelmingly, 158–6, to adopt a superdelegate reform package. The new rules were the result of a compromise between the Clinton and the Sanders campaigns; in the past, Sanders had pressed for the complete elimination of superdelegates.[66]

Under the reform package, in future Democratic conventions about two-thirds of superdelegates would be bound to the results of state primaries and caucuses. The remaining one third—Democratic senators, Democratic governors and Democratic U.S. representatives—would remain unbound and free to support the candidate of their choice.[66]

Under the reform package, a 21-member unity commission, chaired by Clinton supporter Jennifer O'Malley Dillon and vice-chaired by Sanders supporter Larry Cohen, is to be appointed "no later than 60 days" after the November 2016 general election. The commission would report by January 1, 2018, and its recommendations would be voted on at the next Democratic National Committee meeting, well before the beginning of the 2020 Democratic primaries.[66] The commission was to consider "a mix of Clinton and Sanders ideas, including expanding 'eligible voters' ability to participate in the caucuses in caucus states, a gripe of Clinton's campaign, and encouraging 'the involvement in all elections of unaffiliated or new voters who seek to join the Democratic Party through same-day registration and re-registration'", which is one of Sanders' demands.[66] The commission drew comparisons to the McGovern–Fraser Commission, which established party primary reforms before the 1972 Democratic National Convention.[66]


Mayor of Baltimore Stephanie Rawlings-Blake, the secretary of the Democratic National Committee, gaveled in the convention on the afternoon of July 25.[67]

According to C-SPAN data, 257 speakers addressed the convention from the podium over the course of the convention.[68]

List of speakers

Marcia Fudge official photo
Congresswoman Marcia Fudge, permanent chair of the convention, spoke on the first night
Cory Booker Senate
Senator Cory Booker spoke on the first night of the convention
Elizabeth Warren 2016
Senator Elizabeth Warren gave the keynote speech on the first night of the convention
Jimmy Carter 2013 (1)
Former President Jimmy Carter gave a video address
Nancy Pelosi 2012
House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi delivered a speech on the second night
Amy Klobuchar
Senator Amy Klobuchar delivered a speech on the second night
Elizabeth Banks DNC July 2016 (cropped2)
Hunger Games actress Elizabeth Banks hosted the second night when she mocked Donald Trump's entrance the previous week. She received negative reviews from conservative media outlets.[90] Brian May of the band Queen commended her for the gag.[91]
Gavin Newsom official photo
California Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom addressed the convention on the third night
Official portrait of Vice President Joe Biden
Vice President Joe Biden spoke on the third night
Kasim Reed 2011
Mayor Kasim Reed of Atlanta delivered a speech on the third night
General John R. Allen
General John R. Allen spoke on the fourth night
Sherrod Brown, official Senate photo portrait, 2007
Senator Sherrod Brown delivered a speech on the fourth night
Chelsea Clinton
Chelsea Clinton spoke immediately before her mother, Hillary Clinton

Unlike previous conventions, sitting Cabinet members did not speak at the event; the White House decided that barring Cabinet officers from addressing the convention would "send a signal about the primacy of the Obama administration's responsibility to manage the government and serve the American people" and avoid legal or political difficulties.[106]

List of performances

Demi Lovato at the Democratic National Convention, July 2016
Demi Lovato appeared during the first night of the convention, raising awareness for mental health and delivering a live performance of "Confident".[76]
Katy Perry DNC July 2016
Katy Perry appeared during the final night of the convention, performing "Rise" and "Roar" with lightly modified lyrics voicing support for Hillary Clinton.

Notable speeches

Sarah Silverman

Sarah Silverman DNC July 2016

Minnesota Senator Al Franken introduced fellow comedian Sarah Silverman, who is also a Bernie Sanders supporter.[116] In her speech, she urged other Sanders supporters to back Hillary Clinton and later said that Bernie or Bust people "are being ridiculous".[116] The Washington Post and Politico called this one of the most memorable moments of the night.[117][118] The New York Times called her speech "the perfect breath of fresh air".[119] Michael Grunwald of Politico coined the term "Silverman Democrats" for Sanders supporters who followed Sanders's advice to support Clinton in the general election.[120]

Michelle Obama

Michelle Obama at the DNC July 2016 (cropped)

In her speech, First Lady Michelle Obama defended Hillary Clinton and urged Democrats to vote for Hillary, focusing on Clinton's role as a woman and a mother.[122][123] Obama alluded to Donald Trump's actions as reasons to vote for Clinton,[124] while attempting to heal the fractures within the party.[125] Referencing her experience as a black woman in the White House, she said that although she lives in a "house that was built by slaves," seeing her children play on the White House lawn fills her with hope.[125] She said: "Don't let anyone ever tell you that this country is not great. That somehow we need to make it great again. Because this right now is the greatest country on Earth."[126] The Atlantic described the speech as the best of the night and called it a speech "for the ages",[127] a qualification echoed in other publications.[128][129][130] David Smith of The Guardian called it a "profound, moving and devastating riposte to Donald Trump".[131]

External video
"First Lady Michelle Obama", 2016 Democratic National Convention, C-SPAN[132]

Bernie Sanders

Bernie Sanders July 2016

Vermont Senator and former Democratic candidate Bernie Sanders spoke on the first day of the Democratic Convention, urging his supporters to vote for presumptive nominee Hillary Clinton.[134]

In his speech, Sanders told supports that he understood and shared their disappointment "about the final results of the nominating process," but urged them to "take enormous pride in the historical accomplishments we have achieved," saying: "Together, my friends, we have begun a political revolution to transform America and that revolution – our revolution – continues."[135]

Sanders offered a strong endorsement of Hillary Clinton,[136][137] saying that America needed leadership that would "improve the lives of working families, children, the elderly, the sick and poor" and "bring our people together," and that "By these measures, any objective observer will conclude that – based on her ideas and her leadership – Hillary Clinton must become the next president of the United States."[135][138] Sanders said "I am proud to stand with her."[139][140]

On the second day of the convention, Sanders' delegates, with his approval, voted for him in the formal roll-call vote,[141] although at the end of the roll-call vote Sanders moved to suspend the rules to and formally nominate Clinton for president,[142] an important unifying gesture.[143]

Bill Clinton

Bill Clinton DNC July 2016 (cropped)

Former President Bill Clinton spoke on the second night of the convention, telling the story of his life with his wife, Hillary Clinton.[145][146] Clinton described his wife as someone who had fought for change throughout her entire life, beginning with their first meeting in law school in 1971.[147][148] Clinton contrasted the Republican portrayal of his wife with what he argued is the "real one," relating anecdotes regarding Clinton's friends and family.[148] Dylan Matthews of Vox called the speech a "typical first lady address," noting that the former president rarely touched on his own political career.[149] Chris Cillizza of The Washington Post stated that Clinton talked about his wife in an "engaging, funny and, yes, sweet way".[146]

Michael Bloomberg

Mike Bloomberg Headshot

Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg spoke on the third night of the convention, where he emphasized that he is not a Democrat, but endorsed Clinton anyway to "defeat a dangerous demagogue".[151] Bloomberg's speech aimed to convince centrist voters that voting for Clinton is the "responsible" thing to do, as Bloomberg argued Trump would be a dangerous and unpredictable president.[152] Chris Cillizza of The Washington Post wrote that Bloomberg gave a "searing and effective critique" of a fellow New York billionaire.[153] After the speech, Reihan Salam of Slate wondered whether Bloomberg's speech foreshadowed future ideological battles in the Democratic Party between moderate "Bloombourgeoisie" and liberal "Sandernistas".[154]

Tim Kaine

Tim Kaine, official 113th Congress photo portrait

Having been nominated by acclamation earlier in the day, Kaine accepted the Democratic vice presidential nomination on the night of July 27. In one of his first major national speeches, Kaine discussed his life story, including his childhood as the son of an ironworker, his time in Honduras, and his response to the Virginia Tech shooting.[156][157] Kaine also attacked Trump, arguing that, in contrast to Clinton, Trump had failed to explain what he would do once in office.[155] Kaine performed an impression of Trump, mockingly repeating "believe me," and then arguing that Trump's past showed that he cannot be trusted.[158] Kaine also strongly endorsed Clinton as the most qualified candidate for president, calling her lista, Spanish for "ready".[157] After the speech, Morgan Winsor of ABC News noted the many Twitter users who described Kaine as "your friend's overly nice dad".[156]

External video
"Sen. Tim Kaine", 2016 Democratic National Convention, C-SPAN[159]
Kaine officially accepts the VP nomination.

Barack Obama

President Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton Hug July 2016
President Obama hugging Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama 2016 DNC (cropped4)

In one of the last major speeches of his presidency, Obama strongly endorsed Clinton as the nominee, saying "there has never been a man or woman more qualified than Hillary Clinton."[161] Obama contrasted his and Clinton's hopeful view of America with that of Trump, which he called "deeply pessimistic".[161] Obama argued that Trump is unqualified for the office, and is attempting to use fear to get elected.[162] Michael Grunwald of Politico called it a "stirring but fundamentally defensive speech".[163] Conservative blogger Erick Erickson tweeted "I disagree with the President on so much policy and his agenda, but appreciate the hope and optimism in this speech."[164] After the speech, Clinton appeared on the stage for the first time in the convention, embracing her 2008 primary rival.[165]

External video
"Pres. Barack Obama", 2016 Democratic National Convention, CNN[166]

Sarah McBride

Sarah McBride portrait photograph (cropped)

Sarah McBride's speech made her the first openly transgender person to address a major party convention in American history.[167][168][169][170][171]

Khizr Khan

Khizr Khan, the father of Captain Humayun Khan, a Muslim-American soldier killed during Operation Iraqi Freedom, criticized Donald Trump's proposed ban on Muslim immigration. The speech was compared to Joseph N. Welch's famous rebuke during the Army–McCarthy hearings.[173][174]

External video
Khizr Khan, Father of Veteran, 2016 Democratic National Convention, includes pre-recorded introduction by Hillary Clinton, C-SPAN[175]

Chelsea Clinton

Chelsea Clinton introduced her mother, Hillary Clinton, the Democratic nominee, by sharing her personal story about her relationship with her mother when she was younger. She also praised her for being a great mother, and said that her (Chelsea's) kids are proud of Hillary.

Chelsea Clinton DNC July 2016 (cropped)
External video
"Chelsea Clinton", 2016 Democratic National Convention, C-SPAN[177]

Hillary Clinton

Hillary Clinton acceptance speech Cof-54tUkAEEro5 (05)

After being introduced by her daughter, Clinton accepted the Democratic presidential nomination on July 28, the final night of the convention. In her speech, Clinton asked voters to trust in her experience, judgment, and compassion based on her long public career.[179][180][181][182] Clinton discussed what her priorities would be as president, saying that creating jobs would be her "primary mission," and that she would also seek to combat climate change, make college more affordable, and institute new gun laws.[183] Clinton contrasted her hopeful vision and specific policy proposals with what she sees as Trump's fearmongering and vague ideas; she quoted Jackie regarding men moved by fear and pride.[184] Eyder Peralta of NPR also noted that Clinton's "grounded" speech contrasted with the "soaring" speeches of President Obama.[184] To supporters of her rival Bernie Sanders, Clinton stated "I want you to know, I've heard you," complimenting their energy and passion.[183]

Clinton officially accepts the Democratic Party nomination.

A Politico poll of "Democratic insiders" found highly positive reactions, though the insiders had slightly better reviews for the speeches of Michelle Obama and Barack Obama.[185] A Gallup poll showed that Clinton's speech was viewed about 24 points more positively than negatively.[186] Also, according to Gallup, 45% were more likely to vote for Clinton versus 41% who were less likely to vote for her based on what they saw/read about the convention.[187] These net positives are higher than Trump's at the Republican National Convention.[187]

External video
"Secretary of State Hillary Clinton", 2016 Democratic National Convention, C-SPAN[188]

Sam Wang reported a 7% post-convention bounce for Clinton in general election polling (on the basis of the six polls released by 1 August 2016).[189] According to FiveThirtyEight, Clinton's post-convention bounce was larger than Trump's.[190]

Demonstrations and protests

2016 DNC convention floor
A group of delegates on the convention floor hold up signs in protest of the Trans-Pacific Partnership.

A total of 103 people were cited during the entire Democratic National Convention [191] Demonstrations by delegates on the convention floor were organized by the Bernie Delegates Network, led by California delegate Norman Solomon.[192] In response to the email leak, many delegates protested the perceived bias and corruption of the Democratic National Committee on the opening day of the convention. Wasserman Schultz was repeatedly heckled as she addressed the Florida delegation, frequently interrupted by boos, jeers and cries of the word "shame", while some held up signs reading "emails".[193] Sanders was booed by his delegates as he spoke to a crowd of roughly 1,900 and encouraged them to vote for Clinton.[194] Some delegates on the convention floor repeatedly booed when the name of the presumptive nominee was mentioned.[195][196] Sanders made a personal plea through a text message, asking his delegates to stop protesting.[197] Nevertheless, protesting delegates continued to heckle speakers throughout the convention night, while chants of "No TPP" could be heard across the rally.[198] Fifty-four citations were issued by local authorities during the protest on the first day of the convention.[199]

2016 Democratic Convention protesters at media center
Protesting Sanders supporters storm a media tent

On the second day of the convention, hundreds of Sanders delegates and supporters walked out of the convention in protest following Clinton's official nomination.[200] They subsequently staged a sit-in at a nearby media tent.[201] There were reports of American flags, pro-Sanders fliers, and one Israeli flag being set on fire by protesters.[202] Demonstrations supporting Sanders and the Black Lives Matter movement marched through Philadelphia, attracting at least 1,000 people by nightfall.[203]

On the third day, several protesters broke through the security fencing around the convention site and clashed with police before the police managed to re-secure the fencing; seven were arrested as a result.[204] A woman was injured while trying to put out a flag that was set on fire.[205] Several protesters were treated due to heat-related issues.[206] Leon Panetta's speech was repeatedly interrupted by chants of "No more war" from Code Pink members within the Oregon delegation; they turned on their cellphone flashlights and continued to protest as the arena lights near them were turned off.[207]

A small group of protesters heckled and booed as Clinton delivered her acceptance speech on the final night of the convention; they were eventually drowned out by the crowd.[208]

Viewership (10:00 to 11:45 PM Eastern)

On the first night of the convention, 25.74 million watched live coverage of the event from 10 p.m. to 11:30 p.m. on ABC, CBS, NBC, CNN, and MSNBC.[209] The first night of the DNC had more viewers than both the first night of the 2012 DNC and the first night of the 2016 RNC.[209] The first night of the DNC also generated just under 40 million Facebook activities from 10 million people, compared to 28.6 million convention-related Facebook interactions from 8.5 million people on the first night of the RNC.[210] The first three nights of the Democratic National Convention had more television viewers than the first three nights of the Republican National Convention, but the final night of the RNC drew 34.9 million viewers compared to 33.7 million viewers watching the final night of the DNC.[211][212]

Nielsen viewership data does not include views on PBS, C-SPAN, or livestreams.[213] About 3.9 million viewed Clinton's acceptance speech on PBS, while a YouTube livestream of Clinton's speech peaked at 250,000 simultaneous viewers.[214] On the final day of the convention, CNN received 11 million "video starts" on desktops and mobile devices.[214]

Night 1

Total viewers

Network Viewers
CNN 6,208,000
MSNBC 4,597,000
NBC 4,293,000
ABC 4,107,000
Fox News 3,330,000
CBS 3,206,000

Viewers 25 to 54

Network Viewers
CNN 2,187,000
NBC 1,731,000
MSNBC 1,398,000
ABC 1,351,000
CBS 1,052,000
Fox News 898,000

Night 2

Total viewers

Network Viewers
CNN 5,929,000
NBC 5,281,000
MSNBC 3,834,000
ABC 3,463,000
CBS 2,945,000
Fox News 2,851,000

Viewers 25 to 54

Network Viewers
CNN 2,051,000
NBC 1,925,000
MSNBC 1,170,000
ABC 1,098,000
CBS 888,000
Fox News 634,000

Night 3

Total viewers

Network Viewers
CNN 6,169,000
MSNBC 4,918,000
NBC 4,167,000
ABC 3,550,000
CBS 2,860,000
Fox News 2,394,000

Viewers 25 to 54

Network Viewers
CNN 2,158,000
NBC 1,504,000
MSNBC 1,413,000
ABC 1,282,000
CBS 922,000
Fox News 662,000

Night 4

Total viewers

Network Viewers
CNN 7,505,000
MSNBC 5,272,000
NBC 4,516,000
ABC 3,846,000
CBS 3,653,000
Fox News 3,031,000

Viewers 25 to 54

Network Viewers
CNN 2,812,000
NBC 1,698,000
MSNBC 1,527,000
ABC 1,373,000
CBS 1,293,000
Fox News 785,000

See also


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External links

Preceded by
Charlotte, North Carolina
Democratic National Conventions Succeeded by
Location TBD

Coordinates: 39°54′04″N 75°10′19″W / 39.9011°N 75.1720°W

2016 Democratic Party vice presidential candidate selection

This article lists potential candidates for the Democratic nomination for Vice President of the United States in the 2016 election. Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, the 2016 Democratic nominee for President of the United States, chose Senator Tim Kaine of Virginia as her running mate. The formal nomination took place at the 2016 Democratic National Convention. The Clinton-Kaine ticket lost the 2016 presidential election to the Republican Trump-Pence ticket, and Kaine returned to the Senate following the campaign.

2016 Wyoming Democratic caucuses

The 2016 Wyoming Democratic caucuses were held on April 9 in the U.S. state of Wyoming, representing the first tier of the Wyoming Democratic Party's nomination contest for the 2016 presidential election. Only registered Democrats were allowed to participate in the closed precinct caucuses.

Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders won the contest with 55.7% of the county delegates, distancing the national frontrunner, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton by more than 10%. Following a series of primary wins, the Wyoming vote further boosted his momentum, ten days ahead of the important New York primary. At the May 28 state convention, the two candidates split the 14 pledged delegates evenly. Sanders was widely expected to win an outright majority of the delegates in the least populous and most Republican-leaning U.S. state, though no opinion polls had been conducted.

Clinton enjoyed the support of the four party leaders attending the 2016 Democratic National Convention as unpledged "superdelegates," improving upon her performance in her first candidacy in the 2008, although this time she didn't campaign in person. After the Republican Party already held their own Wyoming caucuses earlier in March, no other primaries were scheduled for that day by either party.

Carlos Ramirez-Rosa

Carlos Ramirez-Rosa (born February 18, 1989) is an American politician. He has served as the alderman for Chicago's 35th Ward since May 18, 2015, and 35th Ward Democratic Committeeman since 2016. Prior to his election to the Chicago City Council, he worked as a community organizer with the Illinois Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights, and a congressional aide to U.S. Representative Luis Gutiérrez.He is a member of the Chicago City Council's Progressive Caucus, and was elected to serve as a delegate to the 2016 Democratic National Convention as a Bernie Sanders supporter. Elected at the age of 26 to the Chicago City Council in February 2015, he is the city's youngest alderman, and one of the youngest Aldermen ever elected.He is a self-described democratic socialist and a member of Democratic Socialists of America.

Chelsea Clinton

Chelsea Victoria Clinton (born February 27, 1980) is the only child of former U.S. President Bill Clinton and former U.S. Secretary of State and 2016 presidential candidate Hillary Clinton. She was a special correspondent for NBC News from 2011 to 2014 and now works with the Clinton Foundation and Clinton Global Initiative. Since 2011, she has taken on a prominent role at the foundation and has a seat on its board.Clinton was born in Little Rock, Arkansas, during her father's first term as governor. She attended public schools there until he was elected President and the family moved to the White House, where she began attending the private Sidwell Friends School. She received an undergraduate degree at Stanford University and later earned master's degrees from University College, Oxford and Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, and a Doctor of Philosophy in international relations from the University of Oxford in 2014. Clinton married investment banker Marc Mezvinsky in 2010. They have a daughter and a son.

In 2007 and 2008, Clinton campaigned extensively on American college campuses for her mother's Democratic presidential nomination bid and introduced her at the 2008 Democratic National Convention. She assumed a similar role in her mother's 2016 presidential campaign, making over 200 public appearances as her surrogate and again introducing her at the 2016 Democratic National Convention.

Clinton has worked for NBC, McKinsey & Company, Avenue Capital Group, and New York University and serves on several boards, including those of the School of American Ballet, Clinton Foundation, Clinton Global Initiative, Common Sense Media, Weill Cornell Medical College and IAC/InterActiveCorp.

Humayun Khan (soldier)

Humayun Saqib Muazzam Khan (September 9, 1976 – June 8, 2004) was a United States Army officer. Born in the United Arab Emirates to Pakistani parents, he moved to the U.S. with his family as a young boy. He attended the University of Virginia, where he was a member of the Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps. Upon graduating in 2000, Khan was commissioned an officer in the United States Army and was deployed as a captain to Iraq during the Iraq War. In 2004 he was killed in a suicide attack near Baqubah, Iraq, and was posthumously awarded a Purple Heart and Bronze Star.

Khan's name came to national attention during the 2016 presidential campaign as an example of Muslim Americans serving in the military. At the 2016 Democratic National Convention, his father Khizr Khan, standing at the podium with his wife (and Humayun's mother) Ghazala, delivered a speech condemning U.S. presidential candidate Donald Trump's statements on Muslims.

Khizr and Ghazala Khan

Khizr Muazzam Khan (born 1950) and Ghazala Khan (born 1951) are the Pakistani American parents of United States Army Captain Humayun Khan, who was killed in 2004 during the Iraq War. The couple received international attention following a speech at the 2016 Democratic National Convention that criticized Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump.

List of Democratic Party superdelegates, 2016

This list tracks the support for given candidates among the 716 unpledged delegates (commonly known as superdelegates) who were eligible to cast a vote at the 2016 Democratic National Convention, held July 25–28, 2016 in Philadelphia. The 8 unpledged delegates from Democrats Abroad carry half-votes at the convention, yielding a total of 712 votes. Unpledged delegates represent about 15% of the overall convention votes (4,767 delegates, 4,763 votes) and come from several categories of prominent Democratic Party members:

437 elected members (with 433 votes) from the Democratic National Committee (including the chairs and vice-chairs of each state's Democratic Party)

20 distinguished party leaders (DPL), consisting of current and former presidents, current and former vice-presidents, former congressional leaders, and former DNC chairs

191 Democratic members of the United States House of Representatives (including non-voting delegates from DC and territories)

47 Democratic members of the United States Senate (including Washington, DC shadow senators)

21 Democratic governors (including territorial governors and the Mayor of the District of Columbia).Superdelegates are "unpledged" in the sense that they themselves decide which candidate to support. (In other words, they are not allocated according to voter preferences as the majority of delegates are.) Pledged delegates can change their vote if no candidate is elected on the first ballot and can even vote for a different candidate on the first ballot if they are "released" by the candidate they are pledged to. Superdelegates, on the other hand, can change their vote purely of their own volition. With the exception of the eight DNC members from the Democrats Abroad, who each receive a half-vote, all superdelegates are entitled to one vote (including when a sitting official or distinguished party leader is also a DNC member). Throughout this page, those who qualify under multiple categories are considered as sitting officials first, then as DNC members, and then as DPLs (for example, a sitting senator who is also a DNC member is listed as a senator).

The list below is based on the most recent information on how unpledged delegates voted at the roll call vote at the Democratic National Convention in July, 2016.

Mike Gierau

Mike Gierau (born March 18, 1959) is an American politician and a former Democratic member of the Wyoming House of Representatives representing District 16 from 2017 unti 2019. In January 2019, he was sworn in as a member of the Wyoming Senate representing District 17.

Mothers of the Movement

Mothers of the Movement is a group of women whose African American children have been killed by the police or by gun violence.Members of the group have appeared on various television shows, at award ceremonies, and political events to share their experiences losing a son or daughter to police violence and advocate for political change.The Mothers of the Movement started as a result of the 2013 acquittal of George Zimmerman after he fatally shot and killed Trayvon Martin. The women have attended many conventions to spread awareness of the crisis that is police brutality in the United States. They are using their grief to rally involvement in communities and highlight the injustice they've endured with the loss of their children's lives. They also talk about life after loss, the five stages of grief (denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance), and how to move forward after a traumatic event.


"Motownphilly" is Boyz II Men's 1991 debut single for their debut album Cooleyhighharmony. The single was a success peaking at #3 on the Billboard Hot 100. Michael Bivins, who co-wrote the song, provides a guest rap during the bridge.

The video for the song was filmed in various locations in Philadelphia, the group's home city in December 1990. Two new jack swing groups, Another Bad Creation and Bell Biv DeVoe (of which Bivins was a member), are mentioned in the first verse: "Boyz II Men, ABC, BBD, the East Coast Family." Both groups appear briefly in the video, as does Sudden Impact, a short-lived, all-white R&B group organized by Bivins.

The song title etymology involves a combination of two of the group's main musical influences: 1960s Motown and 1970s Philly soul.

The song was featured during the 2016 Democratic National Convention, as the convention took place in Philadelphia, the city that the song is named for. The song was featured in the 1991 Full House episode "Gotta Dance". Kids Incorporated covered "Mowtownphilly" in 1992 in the Season 8 episode "The Commercial". The song made an appearance twice on the show Hangin' with Mr. Cooper: Season 1 episode, Pilot, and Season 4 episode, Talent Show. It is also a featured song in video game radio station CSR on Grand Theft Auto San Andreas (2004).

Murder of Hadiya Pendleton

The murder of Hadiya Pendleton occurred on January 29, 2013. Pendleton, a 15-year-old Black girl from Chicago, Illinois, was shot in the back and killed while standing with friends inside Harsh Park in Kenwood, Chicago after taking her final exams. A student at King College Prep High School, she was killed only one week after performing at events for President Barack Obama’s second inauguration. First Lady Michelle Obama attended the funeral for Pendleton in Chicago.President Obama mentioned Pendleton's death in his 2013 State of the Union Address in Congress, where Pendleton's parents, Cleopatra Cowley-Pendleton and Nathaniel A. Pendleton Sr., attended as guests. The crime scene is "just a mile away from [President Obama's] Chicago house".Pendleton's mother, Cleopatra Cowley-Pendleton, went onstage but did not speak at the 2016 Democratic National Convention.

Norman Solomon

Norman Solomon (born July 7, 1951) is an American journalist, media critic, antiwar activist, and former U.S. congressional candidate. Solomon is a longtime associate of the media watch group Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting (FAIR). In 1997 he founded the Institute for Public Accuracy, which works to provide alternative sources for journalists, and serves as its executive director. Solomon's weekly column, "Media Beat", was in national syndication from 1992 to 2009. More recently Solomon focused on his 2012 congressional campaign in California's 2nd congressional district. He attended the 2016 Democratic National Convention as a Sanders delegate.

Peggy Flanagan

Peggy Flanagan (born September 22, 1979) is the 50th and current lieutenant governor of Minnesota. Her election on November 6, 2018, made her the second Native American woman to ever be elected to statewide executive office in U.S. history. She served as a member of the Minnesota House of Representatives from 2015 to 2019. A member of the Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL), she represents District 46A in the western Twin Cities metropolitan area. A member of the White Earth Band of Ojibwe, she joined fellow DFLer Susan Allen, (Rosebud Sioux) and Republican Steve Green, an enrolled member of the White Earth Band of Ojibwe as the only other Natives in the Minnesota State House.

On July 28, 2016, Flanagan became the first Native American woman to address the Democratic National Convention (or any convention of a major party), from the podium.Flanagan has worked on issues relating to education and political organizing for urban Native Americans in Minneapolis, Minnesota, through the Greater Minneapolis Council of Churches. Elected to the city's School Board, she served from 2005 to 2009.

Rafael Anchia

Rafael Michael Anchía (born September 26, 1968) has been since 2005 a Democratic member of the Texas House of Representatives for the Dallas-based 103rd District. He had previously served on the board of the Dallas Independent School District. The district is fully encompassed within Dallas County, Texas, and includes North Oak Cliff, Oak Lawn, portions of West Dallas, the Medical District, Love Field Airport, North and Arlington Parks, Irving, and Farmers Branch.

Anchia was elected to the Texas House on November 2, 2004 and sworn into office on January 11, 2005. He is the chairman of the International Trade & Intergovernmental Affairs Committee. He also sits on the Energy Resources Committee.In previous sessions, Anchia served as vice-chair of the Pensions, Investments and Financial Services Committee and sat on the Economic Development, Elections, Financial Institutions, Land & Resource Management, Local & Consent Calendar, and Urban Affairs Committees.Anchia currently sits on the board of the interest group, Education Is Freedom. He is a member of the governing board of the SMU Clements Center for Southwest Studies. He is also a member of the Texas State Democratic Executive Committee and is a superdelegate to the 2016 Democratic National Convention.

Rocky De La Fuente 2016 presidential campaign

Rocky De La Fuente ran a third-party campaign for the presidency of the United States in the 2016 election. De La Fuente had sought the Democratic Party's nomination during their presidential primaries. De La Fuente did not win any delegates to the 2016 Democratic National Convention, but he came in 3rd by total votes received. De La Fuente founded the American Delta Party, and ran as its presidential nominee with running mate Michael Steinberg. He was also nominated as the presidential nominee of the Reform Party which has ballot access in Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi.

Sarah Silverman

Sarah Kate Silverman (born December 1, 1970) is an American stand-up comedian, actress, producer, and writer. Her comedy addresses social taboos and controversial topics, such as racism, sexism, politics, and religion, sometimes having her comic character endorse them in a satirical or deadpan fashion. For her work on television, she has won two Primetime Emmy Awards.

Silverman was a writer and performer on Saturday Night Live, and starred in and produced The Sarah Silverman Program, which ran from 2007 to 2010 on Comedy Central, for which she was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series. She released an autobiography The Bedwetter in 2010. She also appeared in other television programs, such as Mr. Show and VIP, and starred in films, including Who's the Caboose? (1997), School of Rock (2003), Wreck-It Ralph (2012), and A Million Ways to Die in the West (2014). In 2015, she starred in the drama I Smile Back, for which she was nominated for a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role.

During the 2016 election, she became increasingly politically active; she initially campaigned for Bernie Sanders, but later spoke in support of Hillary Clinton at the 2016 Democratic National Convention. Since 2017, she has hosted the Hulu web television late-night talk show, I Love You, America with Sarah Silverman.


In American politics, a superdelegate is an unpledged delegate to the Democratic National Convention who is seated automatically and chooses for themselves for whom they vote. These Democratic Party superdelegates (who make up slightly under 15% of all convention delegates) include elected officials and party activists and officials.

Democratic superdelegates are free to support any candidate for the presidential nomination. This contrasts with pledged delegates who are selected based on the party primaries and caucuses in each U.S. state, in which voters choose among candidates for the party's presidential nomination. On August 25, 2018, the Democratic National Committee agreed to reduce the influence of superdelegates by generally preventing them from voting on the first ballot at the Democratic National Convention, allowing their votes only in a contested nomination.At least in name, superdelegates are not involved in the Republican Party nomination process. There are delegates to the Republican National Convention who are seated automatically, but they are limited to three per state, consisting of the state chairman and two district-level committee members. Republican Party superdelegates are obliged to vote for their state's popular vote winner under the rules of the party branch to which they belong.Although the term superdelegate was originally coined and created to describe a type of Democratic delegate, the term has become widely used to describe these delegates in both parties, even though it is not an official term used by either party.

Wells Fargo Center (Philadelphia)

The Wells Fargo Center is a multi-purpose indoor arena located in Philadelphia. It is the home arena of the Philadelphia Flyers of the National Hockey League (NHL), the Philadelphia 76ers of the National Basketball Association (NBA), the Philadelphia Soul of the Arena Football League (AFL) and the Philadelphia Wings of the National Lacrosse League (NLL). The arena lies at the southwest corner of the South Philadelphia Sports Complex, which includes Lincoln Financial Field, Citizens Bank Park, and Xfinity Live!.

The Wells Fargo Center, originally called Spectrum II, was completed in 1996 to replace the Spectrum as the home arena of the 76ers and Flyers, on the former site of John F. Kennedy Stadium at a cost of $210 million, largely privately financed (though the city and state helped to pay for the local infrastructure). It is owned by Comcast Spectacor, which also owns the Flyers, and is operated by its arena-management subsidiary, Global Spectrum. Since opening, it has been known by a number of different names through naming rights deals and bank mergers, including CoreStates Center from 1996 to 1998, First Union Center from 1998 to 2003, and Wachovia Center from 2003 to 2010. Since 2010, naming rights have been held by financial services company Wells Fargo, after their merger with Wachovia.

In addition to hosting home games for its main tenants, the arena has been the site of a number of other notable athletic events including Games 1 and 2 from the 1997 and Games 3, 4 and 6 of the 2010 Stanley Cup Finals, Games 3, 4 and 5 of the 2001 NBA Finals, and various collegiate events for the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). Wells Fargo Center has hosted two political conventions, hosting the 2000 Republican National Convention and 2016 Democratic National Convention. The arena is a regular venue for concerts and WWE events. The arena has a concert seating capacity of 21,000 seated and at least 21,500 standing.

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