2015 Sabiha Gökçen Airport bombing

The Sabiha Gökçen Airport bombing took place on 23 December 2015 in the apron area of Sabiha Gökçen International Airport in İstanbul, Turkey. The explosion, which occurred at approximately 02:05 local time, wounded two airport cleaners, one of whom later died after being taken to hospital. Flights from the terminal resumed as normal while Binali Yıldırım, the Minister of Transport, Maritime and Communication, claimed that there had been no security lapses at the airport. Witnesses initially claimed that they heard three successive blasts, though their cause was unknown and investigators refused to rule out terrorism as a motive.[3] The Daily Telegraph claimed that the blast was most likely caused by a bomb.[4]

The explosion occurred while the Turkish military had been continuing its armed operations against Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) militants in the south-east of the country, causing unrest and tensions between Kurdish citizens and the Turkish state ever since a ceasefire and peace negotiations between the two sides broke down in July 2015.

On 27 December 2015, three days after the attack, the Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (TAK) claimed responsibility for the explosion, announcing that it was a result of a mortar bombing in retaliation for the Turkish Army's continued military operations in Kurdish populated cities in the south-east. The TAK is an urban-based offshoot of the PKK.

The attacker was arrested on 28 October 2017 in Istanbul.

2015 Sabiha Gökçen Airport bombing
Part of Kurdish–Turkish conflict (2015–present)
Sabiha Gökcen (back)
LocationSabiha Gökçen International Airport, İstanbul Province, Turkey
Coordinates40°53′54″N 29°18′33″E / 40.89833°N 29.30917°ECoordinates: 40°53′54″N 29°18′33″E / 40.89833°N 29.30917°E
Date23 December 2015
02:05 (EEST)
Attack type
mortar bombing
Deaths1[1]
Non-fatal injuries
1[1]
PerpetratorKurdistan Freedom Hawks[2]

Explosion

The explosion was heard at approximately 02:05 EEST on 23 December 2015, though eyewitnesses claimed that they heard three successive blasts.[5] Initial investigations did not show clear evidence of terrorism, though the Ministry of Transport, Maritime and Communication stated there were no weaknesses in the airport's security.[6]

The Daily Telegraph held an interview with an aviation expert in regards to the blast, who speculated that the explosion had been caused by a bomb. It was claimed in the interview that an interior mechanical fault within a plane would not cause a blast big enough to damage five other planes in the vicinity. The damage to the five planes was attributed to shrapnel caused by a bombing.[4]

Impact and casualties

Two cleaning workers on the site were wounded, with one of them, Zeyhra Yamaç, later dying from head injuries caused by the blast. The Minister of Transport, Maritime and Communication, Binali Yıldırım, said that the explosion had damaged five planes, which were later taken to hangars for repair. Flights out of the airport continued despite the explosion.

Perpetrators

On 27 December 2015, the Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (TAK) claimed responsibility for the explosion and declared that the blast had been due to a mortar bomb. The TAK gave their motive to be the ongoing 'fascist' military operations by the Turkish Armed Forces in mainly Kurdish-populated south-eastern cities, designed to combat PKK militants in the region.[7]

The attacker was arrested on 28 October 2017 in Istanbul.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Sputnik (2015-12-23). "Sabiha Gökçen Havalimanı'ndaki patlamanın nedeni havan topu saldırısı mı?". Tr.sputniknews.com. Retrieved 2016-01-14.
  2. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/dec/27/kurdish-rebels-claim-responsiblity-for-deadly-istanbul-airport-blast
  3. ^ "Turkey Istanbul airport blast kills cleaner - BBC News". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-01-14.
  4. ^ a b "Daily Telegraph: Sabiha Gökçen'deki patlamada bomba şüphesi - BBC Türkçe". Bbc.com. Retrieved 2016-01-14.
  5. ^ Nissenbaum, Dion (2015-12-25). "Pressure Mounts on Turkey for Answers in Airport Blast". WSJ. Retrieved 2016-01-14.
  6. ^ Agencies in Istanbul. "One person dead after mysterious explosion at Istanbul airport | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-01-14.
  7. ^ "Cumhuriyet Gazetesi - Resmi açıklamanın hâlâ yapılmadığı Sabiha Gökçen Havalimanı saldırısı üstlenildi". Cumhuriyet.com.tr. Retrieved 2016-01-14.
2016 Atatürk Airport attack

The Atatürk Airport terrorist attack, consisting of shootings and suicide bombings, occurred on 28 June 2016 at Atatürk Airport in Istanbul, Turkey. Gunmen armed with automatic weapons and explosive belts staged a simultaneous attack at the international terminal of Terminal 2. Three attackers and forty-five other people were killed, with more than 230 people were injured. Monitoring group Turkey Blocks identified widespread internet restrictions on incoming and outgoing media affecting the entire country in the aftermath of the attack.Media reports indicated that the three attackers were believed by Turkish officials to have come from Russia and Central Asia.Turkish officials said the attackers were acting on behalf of the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant and had come to Turkey from ISIL-controlled Syria. Commentators suggested that the attacks may have been related to stepped-up pressure against the group by Turkish authorities. No one claimed responsibility for the attack.

Terrorism in Turkey

Terrorism in Turkey is a significant issue for Turkish authorities. While the government labels deaths in Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978–present) as terrorism related, this is disputed by others.[note] In addition involvement in the Syrian Civil War and radical political elements in the country have also been a source for alleged terrorist incidents. The violence has had a negative impact on the country's tourism sector.

Timeline of Istanbul

The following is a timeline of the history of the town of Istanbul, Turkey.

Terrorist incidents in Istanbul, Turkey

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