The 2014 Rose Bowl was a college football bowl game that was played on January 1, 2014 at the Rose Bowl stadium in Pasadena, California. This 100th Rose Bowl Game matched Big Ten Conference Champions Michigan State Spartans against Pac-12 Conference Champions Stanford Cardinal (the defending Rose Bowl champions), a rematch of the 1996 Sun Bowl. It was one of the 2013–14 bowl games that concluded the 2013 FBS football season. The first game in the final edition of the Bowl Championship Series, it was sponsored by the Vizio consumer electronics company, and officially titled the Rose Bowl Game presented by Vizio.
In a game dominated by both teams' rushing offense and strong defense, Michigan State defeated Stanford by a score of 24–20. It was only the Big Ten's second Rose Bowl victory since 2000.
The contest was televised on ESPN with a radio broadcast on ESPN Radio and XM Satellite Radio, which began at 1:30 PM (PST) with kickoff at 2:10 PM (PST). The Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association was the organizer of the game.
The Rose Bowl Game, themed Dreams Come True, was a contractual sell-out, with 64,500 tickets allocated to the participating teams and conferences. The remaining tickets went to the Tournament of Roses members, sponsors, City of Pasadena residents, and the general public. Tickets had a face value of $185 each, with end zone tickets selling at $150.
|2014 Rose Bowl|
|100th Rose Bowl Game|
|Date||January 1, 2014|
|MVP||Offense: Connor Cook (QB, MSU)|
Defense: Kyler Elsworth (LB, MSU)
|Favorite||Stanford by 4.5|
|National anthem||Merry Clayton, Lisa Fischer, Judith Hill and Darlene Love|
|Referee||Mike Defee (Big 12)|
|Halftime show||Michigan State University Spartan Marching Band|
|Payout||US$23.9 million per team|
|United States TV coverage|
|Network||ESPN and ESPN Radio|
|Announcers||Brent Musburger (play-by-play)|
Kirk Herbstreit (analyst)
Heather Cox and Tom Rinaldi (sideline) (ESPN)
Bill Rosinski, David Norrie, and Joe Schad (ESPN Radio)
|Nielsen ratings||10.2 (18.6 million viewers)|
|International TV coverage|
After the teams' arrival in Southern California, the teams participated in the traditional Lawry's Beef Bowl in Beverly Hills and the Disney Media Day at Disneyland in nearby Anaheim. The Rose Bowl Hall of Fame ceremony luncheon was held prior to the game at the Pasadena Convention Center, where Lloyd Carr, Orlando Pace, and Lynn Swann were inducted into the hall.
The bands and cheerleaders from both schools participated in the pre-game Rose Parade on Colorado Boulevard in Pasadena, California along with the floats. Merry Clayton, Lisa Fischer, Judith Hill and Darlene Love kicked off the pre-game festivities.
Teams playing in the Rose Bowl game are usually the winners of the Pac-12 and Big Ten conference championship games, unless one team (or both teams) play in the BCS National Championship game. The teams were officially selected by the football committee of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association on Selection Sunday on December 8, 2013.
On December 7, 2013, the Stanford Cardinal defeated Pac-12 South Division Champion Arizona State Sun Devils 38–14 for the Pac-12 Conference Championship, clinching their second straight Rose Bowl berth; The Cardinal won the Rose Bowl Game the previous season. Later that night, the Michigan State Spartans defeated the Ohio State Buckeyes in the 2013 Big Ten Football Championship Game 34–24 to become the Big Ten Conference Champions and were given a berth in the Rose Bowl game, their first since 1988.
The teams had met five times before with Michigan State leading the series, 3–2. Before the game, the teams held their pre-game practices at the StubHub Center in Carson, California. As the designated home team for the game, Michigan State wore its green home jerseys while Stanford wore its white away jerseys.
This was the 5th time Michigan State had played in the Rose Bowl game, where they are the winningest team from the Big Ten by win percentage, holding a 4–1 record; by contrast, the Big Ten as whole was 1–9 in the last 10 Rose Bowls. November has been good for the Spartans, winning 11 of the last 13 games (3–0 in 2010; 4–0 in 2011; 1–2 in 2012, 3–0 in 2013). The Spartans, led by seventh year coach Mark Dantonio, led the conference in scoring defense (16 touchdowns allowed), rushing defense (64.8 yards per game), total defense (237.7 yards per game) and pass defense (172.9 yard per game) during the regular season. Defensive end Shilique Calhoun finished second in the Big Ten Conference in sacks (7.5) and finished first in fumbles forced (4) and recovered (4). He was an Associated Press second-team All-American. Cornerback Darqueze Dennard was named a consensus first-team All-American and earned the Jim Thorpe Award, given to the nation's top defensive back. Offensively, the team was led by Jeremy Langford in rushing (269 carries for 1,338 yards, 4.97 avg., 17 TDs), Connor Cook in passing (201 of 344 for 2,423 yards, 20 TDs, 5 INTs), and Bennie Fowler in receiving (34 catches for 525 yards, 15.44 avg., 6 TDs).
The Stanford Cardinal, who played in the first Rose Bowl in 1902, came back to the Rose Bowl for the second time in a row. For the fourth season in a row, the Cardinal had won 11 or more games. Led by LB Trent Murphy and LB Shayne Skov, the defense has allowed just 91.62 yards rushing (No. 3 in the FBS) and is averaging 3.08 sacks (tied for No. 1 in FBS). Offensively, Stanford was led by RB Tyler Gaffney, who gained 1,626 yards this season for 20 touchdowns; and WR Ty Montgomery, who has gained 161.0 all-purpose yards per game and scored 12 touchdowns. In the 24–10 win over UCLA, Gaffney carried 26 times for 171 yards; in the 26–20 win on Oregon, he carried 45 times for 157 yards; and in the Notre Dame game, he carried for 189 yards in 33 carries to defeat the Fighting Irish, 27–20.
Stanford received the opening kickoff and on the second play from scrimmage, Kevin Hogan went deep and found Michael Rector for 43 yards, putting them immediately in Michigan State territory. Several plays later, Tyler Gaffney scored on a 16-yard run after a missed tackle by MSU safety Isaiah Lewis. Stanford took a 7–0 lead early in the first quarter. The Michigan State offense, led by Connor Cook, would be able to get into Stanford territory on their first 2 drives, but were unable to score on both attempts. Stanford would be able to add 3 points to its score near the end of the 1st quarter after a 47-yard run by Tyler Gaffney put them in field goal position. As the first quarter came to an end, Stanford held a 10–0 lead.
Michigan State had the ball to begin the second quarter. The Spartans moved the ball with efficiency and controlled the pace as a Tony Lippett reception of 24 yards put MSU in Stanford territory. The Michigan State offense appeared to have stalled at the Stanford 9 yard line, however, a pass interference penalty called on 3rd and goal against the Cardinal gave the Spartans a new set of downs. Jeremy Langford was then able to score on a 2-yard run, putting the score at 10–7. The remainder of the second quarter became a battle of field position, with both defenses setting the tone. With under 3 minutes left in the first half, Michigan State had good field position at their own 41 yard line after Stanford was forced to punt from their own endzone. On the second play of the possession, Connor Cook, while being hit, threw an ill-advised pass up for grabs and Stanford linebacker Kevin Anderson intercepted it, returning it 40 yards on a pick-six, expanding the Cardinal lead to 17–7.
With 2:07 remaining, the MSU offense took the field, fresh off a costly turnover. On 2nd and 10, a Connor Cook completion to Tony Lippett for 24 yards got them to mid-field. Another 2nd and 10 completion to Jeremy Langford went for 11 yards and put Michigan State in Stanford territory. One play later, Connor Cook saw man coverage and completed a 37-yard strike to 5th year senior Bennie Fowler, who made a challenging catch to put Michigan State at the Stanford 3 yard line. Several plays later, Cook, scrambling away from pressure, found fullback Trevon Pendleton for a touchdown, pulling the Spartans within 3. After receiving the kickoff, Stanford chose to run out the clock, maintaining a 17–14 halftime lead.
Michigan State would receive the second half kickoff and was able to tie the game on a Michael Geiger 31 yard field goal after a Bennie Fowler catch and run of 60 yards on the second play of the half put MSU in field goal position. With the game tied 17–17, Stanford received the ball. After an 11-yard completion to Ryan Hewitt, in a fashion similar to how the game started, Kevin Hogan went deep to Michael Rector again on 1st and 10, however, this time the ball was intercepted as Michigan State cornerback Trae Waynes took the ball away from Rector while the both of them were falling to the ground. On the ensuing Michigan State possession, the Cardinal defense stood tall, forcing a punt and giving their offense a second chance. Backed up at their own 7 yard line, the Stanford offense did not start off their drive as planned, as a botched handoff between Kevin Hogan and Tyler Gaffney almost resulted in what would have been a disastrous turnover. On 2nd down, Gaffney was tackled for a 1-yard loss. On 3rd and 11 with the ball at the Stanford 6 yard line, Kevin Hogan threw deep over the middle to tight end Devon Cajuste, which was caught for a 51-yard gain and put Stanford in Michigan State territory. A holding penalty called against Stanford (only the 3rd holding penalty called against the Cardinal offensive line all season) the next play made it 1st and 20. On 3rd and 17, Kevin Hogan took off on a 14-yard scramble to make a 4th down conversion seem manageable. On 4th and 3, Stanford turned the ball over on downs after Tyler Gaffney was tackled in the backfield for a 3-yard loss by senior Spartan linebacker Denicos Allen.
Trying to take advantage of the failed 4th down conversion, the Michigan State running game, which had been rather quiet for the majority of the game (Spartan running back Jeremy Langford had rushed for over 100 yards in 8 consecutive games before this game), started to gain momentum. Jeremy Langford ripped off 4 straight rushes for a combined 34 yards. Connor Cook then completed 2 passes for 15 yards and it was clear that the Michigan State offense had found a rhythm. However, while fighting for extra yardage on the next play, Langford was stripped of the football by Cardinal linebacker Shayne Skov, and Stanford recovered the ball at their own 8 yard line. After a quick possession, Stanford would have to punt the ball to begin the 4th quarter with the game tied 17–17.
A poor Stanford punt from their own 7 yard line and a 19-yard return from Macgarrett Kings gave Michigan State advantageous field position at the Cardinal 27 yard line. A rush for negative yardage and a false start penalty backed MSU up to the Stanford 34 yard line. On 2nd and 17, Connor Cook completed a 9-yard pass to tight end Josiah Price, making it 3rd and 8. Taking the shotgun snap, Connor Cook hit Tony Lippett over the middle for a 25-yard touchdown pass, giving Michigan State their first lead, 24–17. Stanford was unable to pick up a first down on their next possession and were forced to punt. The Michigan State offense did no better, after the offensive line allowed a sack on 3rd and long. After a 38-yard punt, Stanford got the ball back at their own 28 yard line, trailing by a touchdown.
On the first play of the possession, Michael Rector received the ball on an end-around and gained 27 yards, putting the Cardinal in Spartan territory at the MSU 45. A holding penalty called against All-American and Thorpe Award recipient Darqueze Dennard gave Stanford 10 free yards and put them in field goal position. On the field goal attempt, the hold was botched and chaos ensued, as the holder attempted to pick up the first down in a last-ditch effort by running, but then decided to throw for it as pressure was coming his way. He threw the ball up and linebacker Trent Murphy caught the ball for a first down. However, an ineligible receiver downfield penalty was called against Stanford and they had to attempt another field goal instead, this time from 39 yards away, which was good. Michigan State would receive the ball with a 24–20 lead with a little over 4 minutes remaining in the game. They were only able to take 1:09 off the clock and were forced to punt the ball back to Stanford.
With 3:06 remaining in the game, Stanford had the ball at their own 25 yard line. They ran the ball 3 straight times for 9 yards, with Kevin Hogan, Ricky Seale, and Tyler Gaffney as the respective ball carriers. With 1:46 remaining, Stanford head coach David Shaw took a timeout, knowing that he would have to go for it on 4th and 1 if Stanford were to have an opportunity to take the lead. After seeing what Stanford had lined up with, Michigan State head coach Mark Dantonio took a timeout of his own to assess the situation. It was a 4th and 1, short yardage situation at the Stanford 34 yard line. Kevin Hogan took the snap and handed it to the up-back Ryan Hewitt who was stopped for no gain as Spartan linebackers Kyler Elsworth and Darien Harris jumped over the middle of a mass pile of lineman to make the tackle. Elsworth, a former walk-on, was 2-time team captain Max Bullough's replacement. Stanford turned over the ball on downs for the second time and Michigan State ran out the clock from there, and with the victory secured their first 13 win season in school history and their first Rose Bowl win since 1988. Elsworth was named Defensive Player of the Game, and Connor Cook was named Offensive Player of the Game.
|Total offense, plays – yards||71–397||54–305|
|Rushes-yards (net)||35–65 (1.9)||36–162 (4.5)|
|Passing yards (net)||332||143|
|Time of Possession||31:11||28:49|
The 1996 Norwest Sun Bowl, played on December 31, 1996, featured the Stanford Cardinal and the Michigan State Spartans.
Stanford scored first following a lateral from running back Josh Madsen to Leroy Pruitt. The 78 yard play went for a touchdown, and set the day for a Stanford rout. In the second quarter, quarterback Chad Hutchinson threw an 8-yard touchdown pass to fullback Jon Ritchie for a 14–0 lead. Adam Salina scored on a 1-yard touchdown run before halftime to increase Stanford's lead to 21–0.
Kevin Miller added a 24-yard field goal in the third to give Stanford a 24–0 lead. Damon Dunn later scored on a 1-yard run moving the lead to 31–0. Stanford's final points came on a 6-yard return of a blocked punt for a touchdown, making the final score 38–0.
The two teams faced off again seventeen years later on January 1, 2014, in the 2014 Rose Bowl, but this time, Michigan State won 24-20.2013 Pac-12 Football Championship Game
The 2013 Pac-12 Football Championship Game was played on Saturday, December 7, 2013 at Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, Arizona, to determine the champion of the Pac-12 Conference in football for the 2013 season. North Division champion Stanford defeated South Division champion Arizona State to win their second consecutive Pac-12 title. The ESPN television networks broadcast the game, beginning at 4:45 PM PT/5:45 PM MT. Stanford went on to represent the Pac-12 Conference in the 2014 Rose Bowl Game.2014 BCS National Championship Game
The 2014 Vizio BCS National Championship Game was the national championship game of the 2013 college football season, which took place on Monday, January 6, 2014. The game featured the Auburn Tigers and Florida State Seminoles. It was the 16th and last time the top two teams would automatically play for the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) title before the implementation of a four-team College Football Playoff system. The game was played at the Rose Bowl Stadium in Pasadena, California, kicking off at 8:30 p.m. ET. The game was hosted by the Pasadena Tournament of Roses, the organizer of the annual Tournament of Roses Parade and the Rose Bowl Game on New Year's Day. The winner of the game, Florida State, was presented with the American Football Coaches Association's "The Coaches' Trophy", valued at $30,000. Pre-game festivities began at 4:30 p.m. PT. Face values of tickets were $385 and $325 (end zone seats) with both teams receiving a total of 40,000 tickets.
Starting immediately after the 2014 Rose Bowl Game, a fresh field was placed on top of the existing field. The field was laid on Thursday, and painting of the field began Friday. The field was completed Saturday in time for it to rest on Sunday for the game on Monday.Florida State scored first on a 35-yard field goal to take an early 3–0 lead. Auburn responded with a touchdown in the first quarter and two in the second to storm out to a 21–3 lead. After a successful punt fake, the Seminoles managed a touchdown late in the second quarter, making it a 21–10 game in Auburn's favor going into halftime. Both teams dominated on defense in the third quarter with the Seminoles hitting a field goal to cut Auburn's lead to eight. In the fourth quarter, Florida State scored a touchdown early to make it a one-point game. Auburn extended its lead to 24–20 on a field goal, but Florida State took the lead 27–24 when Levonte Whitfield took the ensuing kickoff 100 yards for a touchdown. Auburn then retook the lead 31–27 with 1:19 remaining in the game, but Florida State was able to respond, winning the game 34–31 with a Kelvin Benjamin touchdown with 13 seconds left on the clock.For their performances in the game, quarterback Jameis Winston and defensive back P. J. Williams were named the game's most valuable players.2014 Orange Bowl (January)
The 2014 Orange Bowl was a college football bowl game played on Friday, January 3, 2014, at Sun Life Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. The 80th annual Orange Bowl, featured the Clemson Tigers from the Atlantic Coast Conference and the Ohio State Buckeyes from the Big Ten Conference. The game was broadcast live on ESPN at 8:30 PM EST. It was one of the 2013–14 bowl games that concluded the 2013 FBS football season. It was sponsored by Discover Financial Services and was officially known as the Discover Orange Bowl.
The game was organized by the Orange Bowl committee and was a part of the final year of the Bowl Championship Series.
Clemson was selected to participate in the Orange Bowl after a 10-2 season. Ohio State was picked as the other half of the matchup following a 12-1 campaign. The game marked the first time Ohio State had been in the Orange Bowl since the 1977 Orange Bowl. Clemson last played in the Orange Bowl game in 2012, losing to West Virginia 33-70.
The Tigers defeated the Buckeyes 40-35. Wide receiver Sammy Watkins, who set an Orange Bowl record with 227 receiving yards, was named the game's most valuable player.2014 Pac-12 Football Championship Game
The 2014 Pac-12 Football Championship Game was played on Friday, December 5, 2014 at Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, California. It was the fourth championship game in the history of the Pac-12 Conference. The game featured the Arizona Wildcats against the Oregon Ducks. The two teams met on October 2, with Arizona winning 31–24. Arizona had won two consecutive games versus Oregon. Oregon led the all-time series 24–16 heading into the game. The game started at 6:21 PM PST and was broadcast by FOX. The Oregon Ducks defeated the Arizona Wildcats 51–14 for the championship.2014 in American football
December 21, 2013 – January 6, 2014: 2013–14 College BowlsDecember 21, 2013: Famous Idaho Potato Bowl at Boise San Diego State defeated Buffalo 49–24.
December 21, 2013: Las Vegas Bowl USC defeated Fresno State 45–20.
December 21, 2013: New Mexico Bowl at Albuquerque Colorado State defeated Washington State 48–45.
December 21, 2013: New Orleans Bowl LA-Lafayette defeated Tulane 24–21.
December 23, 2013: Beef 'O' Brady's Bowl at St. Petersburg East Carolina defeated Ohio 37–20.
December 24, 2013: Hawaii Bowl at Honolulu Oregon State defeated Boise State 38–23.
December 26, 2013: Little Caesars Pizza Bowl at Detroit Pittsburgh defeated Bowling Green 30–27.
December 26, 2013: Poinsettia Bowl at San Diego Utah State defeated Northern Illinois 21–14.
December 27, 2013: Fight Hunger Bowl at San Francisco Washington defeated BYU 31–16.
December 27, 2013: Military Bowl at Annapolis, Maryland Marshall defeated Maryland 31–20.
December 27, 2013: Texas Bowl at Houston Syracuse defeated Minnesota 21–17.
December 28, 2013: Belk Bowl at Charlotte, North Carolina North Carolina defeated Cincinnati 38–17.
December 28, 2013: Buffalo Wild Wings Bowl at Tempe, Arizona Kansas State defeated Michigan 31–14.
December 28, 2013: Pinstripe Bowl at The Bronx (New York City) Notre Dame defeated Rutgers 29–16.
December 28, 2013: Russell Athletic Bowl at Orlando, Florida Louisville defeated Miami (FL) 36–9.
December 30, 2013: Alamo Bowl at San Antonio Oregon defeated Texas 30–7.
December 30, 2013: Armed Forces Bowl at Fort Worth, Texas Navy defeated Middle Tennessee 24–6.
December 30, 2013: Holiday Bowl at San Diego Texas Tech defeated Arizona State 37–23.
December 30, 2013: Music City Bowl at Nashville, Tennessee Ole Miss defeated Georgia Tech 25–17.
December 31, 2013: AdvoCare V100 Bowl at Shreveport, Louisiana Arizona defeated Boston College 42–19.
December 31, 2013: Chick-fil-A Bowl at Atlanta Texas A&M defeated Duke 52–48.
December 31, 2013: Liberty Bowl at Memphis, Tennessee Mississippi State defeated Rice 44–7.
December 31, 2013: Sun Bowl at El Paso, Texas UCLA defeated Virginia Tech 42–12.
January 1, 2014: Capital One Bowl at Orlando, Florida South Carolina defeated Wisconsin 34–24.
January 1, 2014: Fiesta Bowl at Glendale, Arizona UCF defeated Baylor 52–42.
January 1, 2014: Gator Bowl at Jacksonville, Florida Nebraska defeated Georgia 24–19.
January 1, 2014: Heart of Dallas Bowl North Texas defeated UNLV 36–14.
January 1, 2014: Outback Bowl at Tampa, Florida LSU defeated Iowa 21–14.
January 1, 2014: Rose Bowl Game at Pasadena, California Michigan State defeated Stanford 24–20.
January 2, 2014: Sugar Bowl at New Orleans Oklahoma defeated Alabama 45–31.
January 3, 2014: Cotton Bowl at Dallas Missouri defeated Oklahoma State 41–31.
January 3, 2014: Orange Bowl at Miami Gardens, Florida Clemson defeated Ohio State 40–35.
January 4, 2014: BBVA Compass Bowl at Birmingham, Alabama Vanderbilt defeated Houston 41–24.
January 5, 2014: GoDaddy Bowl at Mobile, Alabama Arkansas State defeated Ball State 23–20.
January 6, 2014: BCS National Championship Game at Pasadena, California #1 Florida State defeated #2 Auburn 34–31.
January 26: 2014 Pro Bowl in Halawa, Hawaii (outside of Honolulu) at Aloha Stadium
Team Rice defeated Team Sanders 22–21.
February 2: The National Football League championship, Super Bowl XLVIII, at MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey
Seattle Seahawks defeated the Denver Broncos 43–8, to claim its first title.
May 30 – June 7: 2014 EFAF European Championship in Austria (final stage takes place at the Ernst-Happel-Stadion in Vienna)
Germany defeated Austria, 30–27, to claim its third title. France took the bronze medal.
July 5 – 17: 2014 IFAF U-19 World Championship in Kuwait CityThe United States defeated Canada, 40–17, to claim its second IFAF junior title. Mexico took the bronze medal.
July 11 – 13: 2014 IFAF Europe Champions League Final Four in Élancourt Helsinki Roosters defeated SBB Vukovi Beograd, 36–29, to claim the debut ECL title.
July 19: 2014 EFAF Eurobowl in Berlin
Berlin Adler defeated fellow German team, the New Yorker Lions, 20–17, to claim its second Eurobowl title.
September 4 – December 28: 2014 NFL season
American Football Conference season winner: New England Patriots
National Football Conference season winner: Seattle Seahawks
September 10 – 12: 2014 IFAF Flag Football World Championship in GrossetoNote: This event was scheduled to take place in Jerusalem, Israel, from August 12 – 15. However, the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict gave the IFAF the go-ahead to move the event from there to alternate host nation of Italy, on July 28, 2014.
Men -> Champions: United States; Second: Mexico; Third: Italy
Women -> Champions: Canada; Second: United States; Third: AustriaBowl Championship Series
The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system that created five bowl game match-ups involving ten of the top ranked teams in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of American college football, including an opportunity for the top two teams to compete in the BCS National Championship Game. The system was in place for the 1998 through 2013 seasons and in 2014 was replaced by the College Football Playoff.
The BCS relied on a combination of polls and computer selection methods to determine relative team rankings, and to narrow the field to two teams to play in the BCS National Championship Game held after the other college bowl games (the game rotated among four existing bowl games from the 1998 to 2005 season, and was a separate game from the 2006 to 2013 seasons). The American Football Coaches Association (AFCA) was contractually bound to vote the winner of this game as the BCS National Champion and the contract signed by each conference required them to recognize the winner of the BCS National Championship game as the official and only champion. The BCS was created to end split championships and for the champion to win the title on the field between the two teams selected by the BCS.
The system also selected match-ups for four other prestigious BCS bowl games: the Rose Bowl Game, Fiesta Bowl, Sugar Bowl and Orange Bowl. The ten teams selected included the conference champion from each of the six Automatic Qualifying conferences plus four others (two others prior to the 2006 season). The BCS was created by formal agreement by those six conferences (the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), Big East [now the American Athletic Conference (The American)], Big Ten Conference (Big Ten), Big 12 Conference (Big 12), Pac-10 [now the Pac-12 Conference (Pac-12)], and Southeastern Conference (SEC) conferences) and the three FBS independent schools, and evolved to allow other conferences to participate to a lesser degree. For the 1998 through 2005 seasons eight teams competed in four BCS bowls.
It had been in place since the 1998 season. The BCS replaced the Bowl Alliance, in place from 1995 to 1997, which had followed the Bowl Coalition, in place from 1992 to 1994. Prior to the Bowl Coalition's creation in 1992, the AP Poll's number one and two teams had met in a bowl game only eight times in 56 seasons. The AP's top two teams met 13 out of the 16 seasons when the BCS was in place.
In the 2014 season, the BCS was discontinued and replaced by the College Football Playoff, which organizes a four-team playoff and national championship game.Connor Cook
Connor Cook (born January 29, 1993) is an American football quarterback for the Detroit Lions of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football for the Michigan State Spartans and was their starting quarterback from 2013 to 2015. He holds the record for most career wins at Michigan State. Cook was selected in the fourth round of the 2016 NFL Draft by the Oakland Raiders. After initially serving as the third-string backup to Derek Carr and Matt McGloin, Cook played in his first NFL game in the Raiders' last regular season game of the 2016 NFL season after Carr and McGloin suffered injuries. Following this, he was named the starter for the Raiders' playoff game against the Houston Texans and became the first quarterback in NFL history to make his first career start in a playoff game.Denicos Allen
Denicos Allen (born August 9, 1990) is an American football linebacker. He played college football at Michigan State from 2010 to 2013 and professional football with the Saskatchewan Roughriders in 2015.Goodrich Area Schools
The Goodrich Area School District is a public school district in Genesee County in the U.S. state of Michigan and in the Genesee Intermediate School District.Great Rose Bowl Hoax
The Great Rose Bowl Hoax was a prank at the 1961 Rose Bowl, an annual American college football bowl game. That year, the Washington Huskies were pitted against the Minnesota Golden Gophers. At halftime, the Huskies led 17–0, and their cheerleaders took the field to lead the spectators in the stands in a card stunt, a routine involving flip-cards depicting various images for the audience to raise. However, a number of students from the California Institute of Technology managed to alter the card stunt shown during the halftime break, by making the Washington fans inadvertently spell out CALTECH.
The prank has been described as the "greatest collegiate prank of all time" and received national attention, as the game was broadcast to an estimated 30 million viewers across the United States by NBC. One author wrote, "Few college pranks can be said to be more grandly conceived, carefully planned, flawlessly executed, and publicly dramatic" than the Great Rose Bowl Hoax.Jeremy Langford (American football)
Jeremy Langford (born December 6, 1991) is an American football running back for the Atlanta Falcons of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Michigan State, and was drafted by the Chicago Bears in the fourth round of the 2015 NFL Draft.Kevin Hogan
Kevin Michael Hogan (born October 20, 1992) is an American football quarterback for the Denver Broncos of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football for Stanford University and was their starting quarterback from 2012 to 2015. He was drafted by the Kansas City Chiefs in the fifth round of the 2016 NFL Draft, and has also played for the Cleveland Browns and Washington Redskins.Limato
Limato (foaled 8 February 2012) is an Irish-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse. He is a sprinter who has produced his best performances over six and seven furlongs on good or firm ground. He was one of the best British juveniles of 2014 when he was undefeated in four races including the Rose Bowl Stakes and the Two-Year-Old Trophy, although, as a gelding he was ineligible to run in many of the most important races. In the following year he won the Pavilion Stakes and the Park Stakes as well as finishing second in the Commonwealth Cup and the Prix de la Foret. As a four-year-old he recorded his first Group One success in the July Cup before finishing second in the Nunthorpe Stakes and then winning the Prix de la Foret. At five Limato was placed twice in Group One races and returned to winning form when taking the Challenge Stakes in October. In 2018 he struggled for form early in the year but went on to win the Hopeful Stakes, Garrowby Stakes and a second Challenge Stakes.Mascot
A mascot is any person, animal, or object thought to bring luck, or anything used to represent a group with a common public identity, such as a school, professional sports team, society, military unit, or brand name. Mascots are also used as fictional, representative spokespeople for consumer products, such as the rabbit used in advertising and marketing for the General Mills brand of breakfast cereal, Trix.
In the world of sports, mascots are also used for merchandising. Team mascots are often related to their respective team nicknames. This is especially true when the team's nickname is something that is a living animal and/or can be made to have humanlike characteristics. For more abstract nicknames, the team may opt to have an unrelated character serve as the mascot. For example, the athletic teams of the University of Alabama are nicknamed the Crimson Tide, while their mascot is an elephant named Big Al. Team mascots may take the form of a logo, person, live animal, inanimate object, or a costumed character, and often appear at team matches and other related events, sports mascots are often used as marketing tools for their teams to children. Since the mid-20th century, costumed characters have provided teams with an opportunity to choose a fantasy creature as their mascot, as is the case with the Philadelphia Phillies' mascot, the Phillie Phanatic, and the Philadelphia Flyers' mascot, Gritty.
Costumed mascots are commonplace, and are regularly used as goodwill ambassadors in the community for their team, company, or organization such as the U.S. Forest Service's Smokey Bear.Rose Bowl (stadium)
The Rose Bowl, also known as Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl, is an American outdoor athletic stadium, located in Pasadena, California, a northeast suburb of Los Angeles. Opened in October 1922, the stadium is recognized as a National Historic Landmark and a California Historic Civil Engineering landmark. At a modern capacity of an all-seated configuration at 92,542 (making it one of the rare stadiums in college football to have such a seating arrangement; many such stadiums have bench-style seating) the Rose Bowl is the 15th-largest stadium in the world, the 11th-largest stadium in the United States, and the 10th largest NCAA stadium.
One of the most famous venues in sporting history, the Rose Bowl is best known as a college football venue, specifically as the host of the annual Rose Bowl Game for which it is named. Since 1982, it has also served as the home stadium of the UCLA Bruins football team. The stadium has also hosted five Super Bowl games, second most of any venue. The Rose Bowl is also a noted soccer venue, having hosted the 1994 FIFA World Cup Final, 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, and the 1984 Olympic Gold Medal Match, as well as numerous CONCACAF and United States Soccer Federation matches.The stadium and adjacent Brookside Golf and Country Club are owned by the city of Pasadena and managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the city of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses also have one member on the company board.Stephen Gabbard
Stephen Gabbard, Jr. is an American football long snapper who is currently a free agent. Gabbard played college football for Florida State University, where his father, Steve, played defensive tackle. Gabbard was recruited to play for the Seminoles by Charles Kelly. Gabbard played high school football at Amos P. Godby High School in Tallahassee, Florida, where he was a first team All Big Bend and FACA All District player as a tight end (2013), rated the third-best long snapper in the nation by ESPN and rated a five-star snapper by Kohl's Kicking. Initially recruited by Missouri, Wake Forest and South Carolina, he later attracted interest from Auburn, Iowa State, Florida, North Carolina, South Florida and Stanford before committing to Florida State.Gabbard was the starting long snapper at Florida State all four years of his college career for a total of 53 consecutive games, including the ACC Championship (2014), Rose Bowl (2014), Peach Bowl (2015), Orange Bowl (2016) and Independence Bowl (2017). He was named Special Teams MVP in the Kickoff Classic vs Oklahoma State (2014) and named Top Newcomer/Special Teams at Florida State (2014).
Career highlights include snapping to kicker Roberto Aguayo in seasons in which Aguayo was named First Team All-American (2015) and Consensus All-American (2014), contributing to a season in which the punt team led the ACC and ranked 12th nationally (2015), and snapping to kicker Ricky Aguayo, who set the NCAA record for field goals made in a single game (6) by a freshman versus Ole Miss (2016). Gabbard also served as part of the special teams units that set the NCAA record for longest consecutive extra points made (Florida State).Trent Murphy
Trenton Allen Murphy (born December 22, 1990) is an American football defensive end for the Buffalo Bills of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Stanford, and was drafted by the Washington Redskins in the second round of the 2014 NFL Draft.Victory Bell (UCLA–USC)
The Victory Bell is the trophy that is awarded to the winner of the UCLA–USC football rivalry game. The game is an American college football rivalry between the UCLA Bruins and USC Trojans, part of the overall UCLA–USC rivalry.
The Victory Bell is a 295-pound (134 kg) brass bell that originally rang atop a Southern Pacific railroad locomotive. It is currently mounted on a special wheeled carriage.
|History & conference tie-ins|
† denotes College Football Playoff semifinal game