2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster

The 2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster occurred in central Nepal during the month of October and resulted in the deaths of at least 43 people of various nationalities, including at least 21 trekkers. Injuries and fatalities resulted from unusually severe snowstorms and avalanches on and around the mountains of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri. The incident was said to be Nepal's worst trekking disaster.

2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster
Annapurna I ABC Morning
Annapurna South seen from Annapurna Base Camp
Native name विसं २०७१ को हिमआँधी प्रकोप
Date14 October 2014
LocationManang and Mustang Districts, Nepal
CauseCyclone Hudhud
Deaths43 deaths[1]
Non-fatal injuries175
Missing50

Events

Thorung La
Thorong La Pass in 2006.

On 14 October 2014 a snowstorm and series of avalanches occurred on and around Annapurna and Dhaulagiri in the Manang and Mustang Districts of Nepal within the Himalaya range.[2] According to an unnamed expert the storm arose from Cyclone Hudhud and was the worst in a decade with almost 1.8 metres (5 ft 11 in) of snow falling within 12 hours.[3] A study [4] indicates that this storm resulted from the unusual merger of a tropical cyclone with an upper trough, and their collective changes under climate warming have increased the odds for similar events.

Electric power, cell phone service, and internet connections failed in the Manang District, hampering relief efforts.[5] Trekkers in the area at the time of the storm consisted of citizens from several countries including 78 from New Zealand.[6] One of the first calls for international assistance was raised by the Israeli embassy in Kathmandu after trapped tourists sent a hand-written note from the top of the pass with a local guide who descended the mountain.[7][8] Twenty one trekkers and guides from Nepal, Slovakia and Germany were rescued on 15 October after the avalanche the previous day.[8] When search and rescue operations ceased on 19 October, up to 400 people had been rescued from various areas including Thorong La,[2] the Manang and Mustang areas[8] and the Tukuche basecamp of Mustang.[9]

The storms resulted in the deaths of at least 43 people.[1][10][11][12] Among the dead were 21 trekkers from several countries walking the "Annapurna Circuit",[13] including 2 Slovak climbers at Dhaulagiri base camp[8] and several local Nepali mountain guides, cooks and yak herders.[14] Up to 50 people were estimated to be missing with 175 reported to have injuries such as severe frostbite.[14][15]

Legacy

Local authorities were criticised for not giving sufficient warning of approaching bad weather to the trekkers and local residents.[15] However, some officials believe that those killed or injured were inexperienced and inadequately equipped.[13][16] The Prime Minister of Nepal, Sushil Koirala, called the loss of life “extremely tragic at a time when worldwide weather updates are available every second”, and said that weather warning systems would be improved.[16] The Nepal Tourism Ministry said that the incident "has taught us a lesson”, and that more emergency shelters and better weather tracking and communication were needed to avert future tragedies.[13] Newly proposed procedures and regulations include a trekkers registry, checkpoints, GPS tracking units and mandatory use of trained local guides.[16] However regulations at the time required trekkers to check in at various waypoints and licensed guides were already recommended. There was no system in place at the time to inform trekkers of weather conditions en route. The Nepali Trekking Guide certification is also very basic and the training is far below the quality of the training found in developed countries and does not adequately train guides in crossing and navigating snowy terrain. For information on improvements in training and the current situation in Nepal visit the UIAA website.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Death toll in Nepal's worst trekking disaster reaches 43". www.reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Nepal Annapurna: Search ends for surviving trekkers". BBC News. 19 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  3. ^ "Nepal Annapurna: Trekking disaster toll reaches 39". BBC News. 18 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  4. ^ Wang, S.-Y., B. Fosu, R. R. Gillies, and P. M. Singh, 2015: The Deadly Himalayan Snowstorm of October 2014: Synoptic Conditions and Associated Trends. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, S89-94.
  5. ^ "What to do in Kathmandu?". transvaya. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Kiwis trek to safety after deadly Nepal avalanches". The New Zealand Herald.
  7. ^ "The note of desperation that helped saved Nepal trekkers". 18 October 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d "Death toll passes 39 as freak snowstorms hit Annapurna region". British Mountaineering Council. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  9. ^ "7 rescued from Tukuche base camp".
  10. ^ Sharma, Bhadra; Najar, Nida (15 October 2014). "Blizzard and Avalanche Kill at Least 20 Trekkers in Himalayas". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  11. ^ Sharma, Gopal (15 October 2014). "Freak Nepal blizzards kill at least 20, including hikers, guides". Reuters. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  12. ^ Kannampilly, Ammu (15 October 2014). "Himalayan blizzard, avalanche kill 17 trekkers in Nepal". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  13. ^ a b c "Nepal tightens up mountain rules in wake of Himalayan hiking disaster". The Guardian. 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  14. ^ a b "Nepal trekking disaster: Britons still 'missing' after severe snow storm". The Telegraph. 19 October 2014.
  15. ^ a b "Nepal blizzard: survivor tells of friends' deaths on Annapurna circuit". The Guardian. 16 October 2014.
  16. ^ a b c "Nepal blames 'cheap tourists' for falling victim to snowstorm in Himalayas". The Guardian. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.

Coordinates: 28°47′37″N 83°56′20″E / 28.7936°N 83.9388°E

List of Mount Everest death statistics

List of Mount Everest death statistics is a list of statistics about death on Mount Everest. For a list of mountaineer deaths on Mount Everest, see List of people who died climbing Mount Everest

List of Mount Everest records

This article lists different records related to Mount Everest. One of the most commonly sought after records is a "summit", to reach the highest elevation point on Mount Everest.

List of avalanches by death toll

This is an incomplete list of notable avalanches.

Mount Everest

Mount Everest, known in Nepali as Sagarmatha (सगरमाथा) and in Tibetan as Chomolungma (ཇོ་མོ་གླང་མ), is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. The international border between Nepal (Province No. 1) and China (Tibet Autonomous Region) runs across its summit point.

The current official elevation of 8,848 m (29,029 ft), recognized by China and Nepal, was established by a 1955 Indian survey and subsequently confirmed by a Chinese survey in 1975. In 2005, China remeasured the rock height of the mountain, with a result of 8844.43 m (29,017 ft). There followed an argument between China and Nepal as to whether the official height should be the rock height (8,844 m, China) or the snow height (8,848 m, Nepal). In 2010, an agreement was reached by both sides that the height of Everest is 8,848 m, and Nepal recognizes China's claim that the rock height of Everest is 8,844 m.In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society, upon a recommendation by Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India. As there appeared to be several different local names, Waugh chose to name the mountain after his predecessor in the post, Sir George Everest, despite Everest's objections.Mount Everest attracts many climbers, some of them highly experienced mountaineers. There are two main climbing routes, one approaching the summit from the southeast in Nepal (known as the "standard route") and the other from the north in Tibet. While not posing substantial technical climbing challenges on the standard route, Everest presents dangers such as altitude sickness, weather, and wind, as well as significant hazards from avalanches and the Khumbu Icefall. As of 2017, nearly 300 people have died on Everest, many of whose bodies remain on the mountain.The first recorded efforts to reach Everest's summit were made by British mountaineers. As Nepal did not allow foreigners into the country at the time, the British made several attempts on the north ridge route from the Tibetan side. After the first reconnaissance expedition by the British in 1921 reached 7,000 m (22,970 ft) on the North Col, the 1922 expedition pushed the north ridge route up to 8,320 m (27,300 ft), marking the first time a human had climbed above 8,000 m (26,247 ft). Seven porters were killed in an avalanche on the descent from the North Col. The 1924 expedition resulted in one of the greatest mysteries on Everest to this day: George Mallory and Andrew Irvine made a final summit attempt on 8 June but never returned, sparking debate as to whether or not they were the first to reach the top. They had been spotted high on the mountain that day but disappeared in the clouds, never to be seen again, until Mallory's body was found in 1999 at 8,155 m (26,755 ft) on the north face. Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary made the first official ascent of Everest in 1953, using the southeast ridge route. Norgay had reached 8,595 m (28,199 ft) the previous year as a member of the 1952 Swiss expedition. The Chinese mountaineering team of Wang Fuzhou, Gonpo, and Qu Yinhua made the first reported ascent of the peak from the north ridge on 25 May 1960.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.