January 26 – Georgia and Turkey agree to jointly restore Oshki and Ishkhani, the medieval Georgian cathedrals in northeastern Turkey, in exchange of the reconstruction of the Ottoman-era mosques of Aziziye and Ahmediye in Georgia's Batumi and Akhaltsikhe, respectively.
The U.S. President Barack Obama visits the Georgian officer Alex Tugushi, wounded in Afghanistan, on March 2, 2012.
February 6 – Anatoliy Bibilov, a runner-up in the annulled presidential race in breakaway South Ossetia announces his withdrawal from the planned March 25 repeat election.
February 9 – Alla Dzhioyeva, the disqualified apparent victor of the November 2011 presidential election in South Ossetia, is hospitalized after police raid on her office, a day before her planned self-inauguration as president.
The Georgian and United States military holding joint drills Agile Spirit-12 at Tbilisi in March 2012.
March 2 – In response to Georgia's decision to unilaterally abolish visa requirements for Russian citizens, the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs says Russia is ready to reciprocate, provided Georgia revises its Law on the Occupied Territories.
March 4 – A Georgian police check-point at Ganmukhuri near the Abkhazian administrative boundary line comes under fire, with no casualties reported. Georgia blames the attack on the Abkhaz separatist forces, who deny the involvement.
March 10 – Legislative election is held in breakaway Abkhazia, with race for most seats going into runoff held on March 24. Georgia, the United States and the European Union refuse to recognize the legitimacy of the elections.
March 20 – The opposition politician Irakli Alasania accuses the government of creating "paramilitary groups" of supporters in western Georgia ahead of the scheduled October parliamentary election, a claim dismissed by the authorities as "incomprehensible" and "irresponsible".
May 27 – Tens of thousands demonstrate in downtown Tbilisi in support of the billionaire-turned-opposition politician Bidzina Ivanishvili and his political coalition Georgian Dream.
May 28 – Two policemen and one local resident die in shooting at a café in the town of Gali in breakaway Abkhazia. Sukhumi and Tbilisi trade accusations over the incident.
June 3 – The Russian rock-band DDT concludes the Tbilisi Open Air festival, gathering nearly 80,000 people, the largest attendance for a music event in the capital of Georgia.
June 5 – The United States Secretary of StateHillary Clinton visits Georgia as part of her South Caucasian tour, focusing on the new aspects of the U.S.–Georgian security cooperation and the importance of upcoming elections in Georgia during her news conference in Batumi.
June 21 – Georgian police seizes a large number of satellite dishes belonging to a company connected to a billionaire opposition leader, Bidzina Ivanishvili, as part of an investigation into possible vote-buying.
June 28 – Severe floods and landslides hit the western province of Samegrelo, with no casualties reported, forcing President Saakashvili to abort his visit to Azerbaijan.
July 3 – Seventy-three people are hospitalized after a chlorine leak at a water distribution company in Tbilisi's suburban neighborhood of Lilo.
July 4 – The Parliament approves the new cabinet, with Ivane Merabishvili as Prime Minister.
July 18 – The Machakhela National Park is inaugurated in the Machakheli valley at the border with Turkey, accompanied by the signing of the USAID-supported Georgian–Turkish "Trans-boundary Cooperation Action Plan".
July 19 – Heavy rainfall, hail, and hurricane hit the eastern Georgian region of Kakheti, inflicting severe damage to its infrastructure and agriculture.
Georgian police in the Lopota Gorge in August 2012.
September 18 – Gldani prison scandal: the Georgian television channels broadcast video footages of torture and rape in the Gldani prison, leading to the resignation of the Minister for Penitentiary Khatuna Kalmakhelidze and the Minister of Interior Bachana Akhalaia, and to the arrest of several prison personnel.
September 24 – President Saakashvili inaugurates the first building in the planned Black Sea city of Lazika.
The incoming Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili meets with the U.S. Ambassador Norland at the opening of the 8th Parliament of Georgia in October 2012.
October 5 – The government of Georgia starts negotiations on handing over power to the Georgian Dream coalition, winner of the parliamentary election. Bidzina Ivanishvili is designated by the coalition as the incoming Prime Minister.
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