The 2012 Democratic presidential primaries and caucuses were the process by which voters of the Democratic Party chose its nominee for President of the United States in the 2012 U.S. presidential election. President Barack Obama won the Democratic Party nomination by securing more than the required 2,383 delegates on April 3, 2012 after a series of primary elections and caucuses. He was formally nominated by the 2012 Democratic National Convention on September 5, 2012, in Charlotte, North Carolina.
|2012 Democratic Party presidential primaries|
Several of the lesser-known candidates made efforts to raise visibility. Some Occupy movement activists made an attempt to take over the Iowa caucuses, and got about 2% of the vote for Uncommitted. With nine minor candidates on the ballot in New Hampshire, there was a debate at Saint Anselm College in Goffstown, New Hampshire on December 19, 2011, in which seven candidates participated. Pro-life activist Randall Terry bought time on television in order to show graphic commercials denouncing abortion.
Three candidates – other than Obama – who had been on the ballot in New Hampshire were also on the ballot in Missouri. One such candidate, Randall Terry, attempted to air graphic TV commercials during Super Bowl XLIV, but was met with resistance from various TV stations in some locations. The Democratic National Committee also tried to stop the ads by claiming that Terry was not a legitimate Democratic candidate even though he was legally on the ballot.
A number of partisans of Barack Obama citizenship conspiracy theories, challenging the legitimacy of Obama's birthright citizenship, attempted to have the President's name removed from the Georgia primary ballot. A state administrative judge upheld a subpoena, which was ignored by the President and his staff. In February 2012, the activists' legal challenge was rejected by a Georgia state law judge and by the Secretary of State of Georgia, and Obama remained listed on the primary ballot.
On May 8, 2012, Keith Russell Judd, an inmate serving a 17.5-year sentence, won 41% of the primary vote in West Virginia against incumbent Barack Obama, a higher percentage of the vote in one state than any other primary opponent of Obama had hitherto achieved in 2012. Shortly thereafter, attorney John Wolfe, Jr. won 42% of the primary vote in Arkansas after widespread speculation that Wolfe could possibly pull off an upset of the state.
Challengers to President Obama only qualified for the ballot in eight states – New Hampshire, Missouri, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Texas, West Virginia, Arkansas, and Alaska – while a ninth (Ohio) was going to have Randall Terry on the ballot, but removed his name before the ballots were printed. Randall Terry also attempted to contest the Kansas caucus, but was denied a spot on the caucus ballot after the state's Democratic Party determined that he didn't meet the requirements.
Darcy Richardson suspended his bid for the nomination on April 28, 2012. He still appeared on the ballot in Texas and was an eligible write-in candidate in California after suspending his campaign.
Despite the limited opposition and ultimately receiving 100% of the pledged delegates, Obama's total percentage of the national popular primary vote was the lowest of any incumbent since the contested 1992 election when George H. W. Bush was challenged by Pat Buchanan.
Obama was on the ballot in all states, where he ran mostly unopposed. In addition to Obama, the following table lists those candidates that attained ballot status in at least one state, as well as those states that listed "Uncommitted" or "No Preference" as an option:
|Candidate||Votes||Delegates||States on ballot|
|"Uncommitted" or "No Preference"||426,336||72||9 (AL, DC, KY, MA, MD, MI, MO, MT, NC, RI, TN)|
|John Wolfe, Jr.||117,033||0 (23)||5 (AR, LA, MO, NH, TX)|
|Darcy Richardson||109,764||0||5 (LA, MO, NH, OK, TX)|
|Keith Russell Judd||73,138||0 (1)||1 (WV)|
|Bob Ely||29,947||0||4 (LA, NH, OK, TX)|
|Randall Terry||22,734||0 (7)||4 (AK, MO, NH, OK)|
|Jim Rogers||15,535||0 (3)||1 (OK)|
|Ed Cowan||945||0||1 (NH)|
|Vermin Supreme||833||0||1 (NH)|
|John D. Haywood||423||0||1 (NH)|
|Craig Freis||400||0||1 (NH)|
|Cornelius Edward O'Connor||266||0||1 (NH)|
|Edward T. O'Donnell||222||0||1 (NH)|
|Bob Greene||213||0||1 (NH)|
|Scott W. Stey||155||0||1 (NH)|
|Aldous C. Tyler||106||0||1 (NH)|
Barack Obama John Wolfe Jr. Keith Russell Judd
Bob Ely Randall Terry
Jim Rogers Uncommitted Tie No votes/information available
The number of pledged delegates allocated to each of the 50 U.S. states and Washington, D.C. is based on two main factors: (1) the proportion of votes each state gave to the Democratic candidate in the last three presidential elections, and (2) the number of electoral votes each state has in the United States Electoral College. In addition, fixed numbers of delegates are allocated to Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Democrats Abroad under the party's delegate selection rules. Depending on each state's law and each state's party rules, when voters cast ballots for a candidate in a presidential caucus or primary, they may be voting to actually award delegates bound to vote for a particular candidate at the state or national convention (binding primary or caucus), or they may simply be expressing an opinion that the state party is not bound to follow in selecting delegates to the national convention (non-binding primary or caucus).
States are awarded bonus pledged delegates if they schedule their primary or caucus later in the primary season. Those states with April dates are awarded a 10 percent increase, while those who schedule from May 1 to June 12 get a 20 percent increase. And starting on March 20, a 15 percent bonus is awarded when clusters of three or more neighboring states begin on the same day.
The unpledged superdelegates included members of the United States House of Representatives and Senate, state and territorial governors, members of the Democratic National Committee, and other party leaders. Because of possible deaths, resignations, or the results of intervening or special elections, the final number of these superdelegates was not known until the week of the convention.
|Date||State/territory||Type||Pledged delegates||Superdelegates||Total delegates||Votes for Obama||Votes for other candidates||Source|
|January 3, 2012||Iowa||nonbinding caucus||56
|11||65||8,064 (98.9%)||88 (1.1%)|||
|January 10, 2012||New Hampshire||semi-closed primary||28
|7||35||49,080 (81.3%)||11,295 (18.7%)|||
|January 21, 2012||Nevada||nonbinding caucus||36||8||44||(98.3%)||(1.7%)|||
|January 28, 2012||South Carolina||open primary||55||6||62||(100%)*||(0%)|
|January 31, 2012||Florida||nonbinding primary1||276||24||300||(100%)*||(0%)|
|February 7, 2012||Minnesota||nonbinding caucus||91||16||107||16,733 (96.3%)||643 (3.7%)|||
|February 7, 2012||Missouri||primary||77||13||90||64,435 (88.4%)||8,453 (11.6%)|||
|March 6, 2012||Oklahoma||primary||45||5||50||64,389 (57.1%)||48,382 (42.9%)2|||
|March 6, 2012||Massachusetts||primary||110||26||136||127,909 (86.5%)||19,964 (13.5%)|||
|March 6, 2012||Colorado||caucus||72||14||86||(100%)*||(0%)|
|March 6, 2012||Ohio||primary||174||17||191||542,086
|March 6, 2012||Tennessee||primary||82||9||91||80,705 (88.5%)||10,504 (11.5%)|||
|March 6, 2012||Georgia||primary||110||14||124||139,273 (100%)*||(0%)|||
|March 6, 2012||Virginia||primary||106||17||123||(0%)#||(0%)|
|March 6, 2012||Vermont||primary||18||9||27||40,247 (98.4%)||675 (1.6%)|||
|March 6, 2012||American Samoa||caucus||6||6||12|
|March 7, 2012||Hawaii||caucus||26||9||35||1,316 (96.91%)||42 (3.09%)|||
|March 13, 2012||Alabama||primary||63||6||69||241,167 (84.09%)||45,613 (15.91%)|||
|March 13, 2012||Mississippi||primary||40||5||45||97,304 (100%)*||(0%)|||
|March 13, 2012||Utah||caucus||29||5||34||(100%)*||(0%)|
|March 20, 2012||Illinois||primary||189||26||215||652,583
|March 24, 2012||Louisiana||primary||64||7||71||115,150 (76.46%)||35,451 (23.54%)|||
|March 31, 2012||Arizona||caucuses||70||70||(100%)*||(0%)|||
|April 3, 2012||District of Columbia||primary||70||22||92||56,503 (97.4%)||1,486 (2.6%)|||
|April 3, 2012||Maryland||primary||97||23||120||288,766
|April 3, 2012||Wisconsin||primary||100||11||111||293,914 (97.9%)||6,341 (2.1%)|||
|April 10–14, 2012||Alaska||caucus||19||5||24||500 (100%)||(0%)|||
|April 24, 2012||Connecticut||primary||73||15||88||(0%)#||(0%)|
|April 24, 2012||New York||primary||337||47||384||(0%)#||(0%)|
|April 24, 2012||Pennsylvania||primary||228||22||250||616,102 (100%)*||(0%)|||
|April 24, 2012||Rhode Island||primary||32||9||41||6,759 (83.4%)||1,348
|May 1–6, 2012||Democrats Abroad||primary||15||4||19||2,709 (99.09%)||25 (0.91%)|||
|May 5, 2012||Guam||caucus||7||5||12||700 (100%)*||(0%)|||
|May 5, 2012||Michigan||primary||183||20||203||174,054 (89.3%)||20,833 (10.7%)|||
|May 8, 2012||Indiana||primary||96||10||106||221,466 (100%)*||(0%)|||
|May 8, 2012||North Carolina||primary||139||19||158||766,077 (79.23%)||200,810 (20.77%)|||
|May 8, 2012||West Virginia||primary||36||10||46||106,770 (59.35%)||73,138 (40.65%)|||
|May 15, 2012||Oregon||primary||70||14||84||309,358 (94.79%)||16,998 (5.21%)|||
|May 15, 2012||Nebraska||nonbinding primary||38||6||44||*63,881 (100%)||(0%)|||
|May 22, 2012||Arkansas||primary||47||8||55||94,852 (58.4%)||67,491 (41.6%)|||
|May 22, 2012||Kentucky||primary||66||7||73||119,293 (57.8%)||86,925 (42.2%)|||
|May 29, 2012||Texas||primary||260||28||288||520, 410 (88.2%)||69,754 (11.8%)|||
|May 30, 2012||Delaware||caucus||24||9||33||(0%)#||(0%)|
|June 2–3, 2012||U.S. Virgin Islands||convention||7||6||13|
|June 3, 2012||Puerto Rico||primary||60||7||67|
|June 5, 2012||California||primary||547||64||611||2,075,905 (>99.99%)||404
|June 5, 2012||Montana||primary||24||7||31||79,932 (89.77%)||8,270
|June 5, 2012||New Jersey||primary||153||19||172||283,673 (100%)*||(0%)|||
|June 5, 2012||New Mexico||primary||39||11||50||122,958 (100%)*||(0%)|||
|June 3, 2012||Puerto Rico||caucus||60||7||67|
* - Unopposed # - Primary Canceled
A Democratic presidential candidates debate, held at Saint Anselm College in December 2011, was attended by seven candidates; Obama did not participate. A total of 60,659 votes were cast in the primary. Obama won with 49,080 votes. The total votes cast were more than 30 percent fewer than in 1996, the last time that a Democratic president ran for re-election without significant opposition.
|John D. Haywood||423||0.70%||-|
|Cornelius Edward O'Connor||265||0.44%||-|
|John Wolfe, Jr.||245||0.40%||-|
|Edward T. O'Donnell||222||0.37%||-|
|Robert B. Jordan||155||0.26%||-|
|Aldous C. Tyler||106||0.17%||-|
|Oklahoma Democratic primary, March 6, 2012|
|Louisiana Democratic primary, March 24, 2012|
|John Wolfe Jr.||17,804||11.83%||3|
|Missouri Democratic primary, February 7, 2012|
|John Wolfe Jr.||1,000||1.37%||-|
|Arkansas Democratic primary, May 22, 2012|
|John Wolfe Jr.||67,711||41.63%||-|
The 2012 United States presidential election in Missouri took place on November 6, 2012, as part of the 2012 general election, in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia participated. Missouri voters chose 10 electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote pitting incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama and his running mate, Vice President Joe Biden, against Republican challenger and former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney and his running mate, Congressman Paul Ryan.
On election day, Missouri was won by Mitt Romney, who took 53.76% of the vote to Barack Obama's 44.38%, a margin of 9.38%. Although a battleground in past elections, Missouri is considered to be trending toward the Republicans, having been the only swing state to be won (albeit narrowly) by Republican John McCain in the 2008 election. Consequently, the state was not heavily contested by either side in 2012, and the Republicans ultimately carried Missouri by the largest margin since 1984. Also, this was the first time since 1900 that Missouri was not carried by the victor of the presidential contest two times consecutively (after Obama had failed to win the state in 2008), as well as the first time since 1900 when the overall loser of the presidential election won the state by a margin larger than 1% of the statewide vote.
Obama carried only three counties and the City of St. Louis. He carried Boone County, home to Columbia and the University of Missouri; Jackson County, where most of Kansas City is located; and St. Louis County.2012 United States presidential election in Tennessee
The 2012 United States presidential election in Tennessee took place on November 6, 2012, as part of the 2012 General Election in which all 50 states plus The District of Columbia participated. Tennessee voters chose 11 electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote pitting incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama and his running mate, Vice President Joe Biden, against Republican challenger and former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney and his running mate, Congressman Paul Ryan.
Mitt Romney received Tennessee's 11 electoral votes after he garnered 59.48% of the popular vote in Tennessee, to Barack Obama's 39.08%.Much like in previous elections, larger metropolitan areas such as Memphis and Nashville were won by the Democratic Party, but rural areas overwhelmingly favored the Republican Party. Barack Obama proved especially unpopular among the state's conservative electorate; consequently, Mitt Romney's 20.4% margin of victory was the strongest Republican win in Tennessee since 1972. Tennessee has not voted for a Democratic candidate since 1996. This is the most recent election in which Hardeman County was won by the Democratic candidate as of 2016.Results of the 2012 Republican Party presidential primaries
This article contains the results of the 2012 Republican presidential primaries and caucuses, which resulted in the nomination of Mitt Romney as the Republican nominee for President of the United States. The 2012 Republican primaries were the selection processes by which the Republican Party selected delegates to attend the 2012 Republican National Convention from August 27–30. The series of primaries, caucuses, and state conventions culminated in the national convention, where the delegates cast their votes to formally select a candidate. A simple majority (1,144) of the total delegate votes (2,286) was required to become the party's nominee.
Seven major candidates were in the race to become the nominee. Michele Bachmann was the first to drop out, ending her campaign after a poor performance in Iowa. Jon Huntsman withdrew from the race after placing third in the New Hampshire primary. Rick Perry dropped out after Iowa and New Hampshire but prior to the South Carolina primary after polling poorly. Rick Santorum suspended his campaign in April after polls showed a strong possibility that he would lose his home state of Pennsylvania to Mitt Romney, and his daughter Bella's condition worsened. Newt Gingrich withdrew after insufficient funds prevented him from moving forward with a strong campaign. On May 14, 2012, Ron Paul announced that his campaign would switch to a delegate accumulation strategy. On May 29, according to projected counts, Mitt Romney crossed the threshold of 1,144 delegates. He was formally nominated at the Republican National Convention on August 28.Third-party and independent candidates for the 2012 United States presidential election
This article contains lists of official third party and independent candidates associated with the 2012 United States presidential election.
"Third party" is a term commonly used in the United States to refer to political parties other than the two major parties, the Democratic Party and Republican Party. An independent candidate is one who runs for office with no formal party affiliation.
Those listed as candidates have done one or more of the following: formally announced they are candidates in the 2012 presidential election, filed as candidates with the Federal Election Commission (FEC), and/or received the presidential nomination of their respective party. They are listed alphabetically by surname within each section.
2012 Democratic Party presidential primaries
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