2010 Catalan regional election

The 2010 Catalan regional election was held on Sunday, 28 November 2010, to elect the 9th Parliament of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia. All 135 seats in the Parliament were up for election. This was the first election held in Catalonia after the Constitutional Court of Spain struck down parts of the regional 2006 Statute of Autonomy that granted new powers of self-rule to the region. The ruling came after four years of deliberation concerning a constitutional appeal filed by the conservative People's Party (PP) under Mariano Rajoy and was met with anger and street protests throughout the region.[1][2]

The election resulted in a resounding victory for the Catalan nationalist Convergence and Union (CiU) federation under Artur Mas, whose 62 seats—six short of an absolute majority—virtually ensured that no alternative government was mathematically possible, as the left-wing alliance which had formed the government of Catalonia for the previous seven years fell to a bare 48 seats. The tripartit (English: tripartite) coalition formed by the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC), Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) and Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV) was already on its death rattle going into the election, with political disagreements between the former allies having led Socialist President José Montilla to announce that he would not seek a third alliance with ERC and ICV even if numbers favored such a possibility.[3] The election saw all three parties collapse and Montilla's retirement from the PSC leadership shortly afterwards.[4]

The PP had one of its best showings in a Catalan regional election, with 12.4% of the vote and 18 seats. Albert Rivera's Citizens (C's) party saw a slight increase in its vote share, whereas the pro-Catalan independence Catalan Solidarity for Independence (SI) led by former FC Barcelona president Joan Laporta secured 4 seats in the Parliament.

2010 Catalan regional election

28 November 2010

All 135 seats in the Parliament of Catalonia
68 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered5,363,688 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.8%
Turnout3,152,630 (58.8%)
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2.8 pp
  Artur Mas 2010c (cropped) José Montilla 2008 (cropped) Alicia Sánchez-Camacho (cropped)
Leader Artur Mas José Montilla Alicia Sánchez-Camacho
Party CiU PSC–PSOE PP
Leader since 7 January 2002 15 July 2006 6 July 2008
Leader's seat Barcelona Barcelona Barcelona
Last election 48 seats, 31.5% 37 seats, 26.8% 14 seats, 10.7%
Seats won 62 28 18
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg14 Red Arrow Down.svg9 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4
Popular vote 1,202,830 575,233 387,066
Percentage 38.4% 18.4% 12.4%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg6.9 pp Red Arrow Down.svg8.4 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.7 pp

  Joan Herrera 2010 (cropped) Joan Puigcercós 2010 (cropped) Joan Laporta (cropped)
Leader Joan Herrera Joan Puigcercós Joan Laporta
Party ICV–EUiA ERC SI
Leader since 23 November 2008 7 June 2008 4 September 2010
Leader's seat Barcelona Barcelona Barcelona
Last election 12 seats, 9.5% 21 seats, 14.0% Did not contest
Seats won 10 10 4
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg2 Red Arrow Down.svg11 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4
Popular vote 230,824 219,173 102,921
Percentage 7.4% 7.0% 3.3%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg2.1 pp Red Arrow Down.svg7.0 pp New party

  Albert Rivera 2012 (cropped)
Leader Albert Rivera
Party C's
Leader since 9 July 2006
Leader's seat Barcelona
Last election 3 seats, 3.0%
Seats won 3
Seat change Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
Popular vote 106,154
Percentage 3.4%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.4 pp

CataloniaProvinceMapParliament2010
Constituency results map for the Parliament of Catalonia

President before election

José Montilla
PSC

Elected President

Artur Mas
CiU

Overview

Electoral system

The Parliament of Catalonia was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Catalonia, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Catalan Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Government.[5][6] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Catalonia and in full enjoyment of their political rights.

The 135 members of the Parliament of Catalonia were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[7] Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona. Each constituency was allocated a fixed number of seats: 85 for Barcelona, 17 for Girona, 15 for Lleida and 18 for Tarragona.[5][6][8]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[9][10]

Election date

The term of the Parliament of Catalonia expired four years after the date of its previous election, unless it was dissolved earlier. The President of the Government was required to call an election fifteen days prior to the date of expiry of parliament, with election day taking place within from forty to sixty days after the call. The previous election was held on 1 November 2006, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 1 November 2010. The election was required to be called no later than 17 October 2010, with it taking place up to the sixtieth day from the call, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Thursday, 16 December 2010.[5][6]

The President of the Government had the prerogative to dissolve the Parliament of Catalonia and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process and that dissolution did not occur before one year had elapsed since a previous one under this procedure. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.[5][6]

Parties and leaders

Below is a list of the main parties and coalitions which contested the election:

Parties and coalitions Ideology Candidate
Convergence and Union (CiU) Centrism, Catalan autonomism Artur Mas
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) Social democracy José Montilla
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) Left-wing nationalism, Catalan independentism Joan Puigcercós
People's Party (PP) Conservatism, Christian democracy Alicia Sánchez-Camacho
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left (ICV–EUiA) Eco-socialism, Communism Joan Herrera
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) Liberalism Albert Rivera
Catalan Solidarity for Independence (SI) Catalan independentism Joan Laporta

Opinion polls

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 68 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Catalonia.

Color key:

  Poll conducted after legal ban on opinion polls   Exit poll

Polling firm/Commissioner Fieldwork date Sample size Turnout CiU PSC ERC PP ICV–EUiA C's PxC UPyD RI.cat SI Lead
2010 regional election 28 Nov 2010 N/A 58.8 38.4
62
18.4
28
7.0
10
12.4
18
7.4
10
3.4
3
2.4
0
0.2
0
1.3
0
3.3
4
20.0
Ipsos–Eco/TV3[p 1] 28 Nov 2010 ? ? 40.2
63/66
17.3
24/27
8.1
11/13
11.1
15/17
7.3
8/10
3.2
2/3
1.5
0/1
3.7
3/4
22.9
GESOP/El Periòdic[p 2] 25–27 Nov 2010 900 56–58 40.0
65/67
18.5
27/28
7.4
10/12
10.5
14/15
10.2
12/14
4.0
4
2.8
0/2
21.5
GESOP/El Periòdic[p 3] 24–26 Nov 2010 900 54–56 39.2
64/66
19.3
29/30
7.2
10/12
10.4
14/15
9.9
12/13
3.7
3/4
2.6
0
19.9
GAD/COPE[p 4][p 5] 22–26 Nov 2010 2,201 59.2 39.4
60/63
20.5
29/31
7.7
11/12
11.6
15/16
9.4
11/13
4.0
3/4
2.9
0/3
18.9
GESOP/El Periòdic[p 6] 23–25 Nov 2010 900 54–56 39.9
65/67
19.5
29/30
7.0
10/11
9.9
13/14
9.5
11/13
3.7
3/4
2.6
0
20.4
GESOP/El Periòdic[p 7] 22–24 Nov 2010 800 54–56 39.5
64/65
20.1
29/31
7.3
10/12
9.8
13/14
9.0
11/12
4.3
4/5
2.5
0
19.4
GESOP/El Periòdic[p 8] 20–23 Nov 2010 700 53–55 39.5
64/65
20.1
29/31
7.3
10/12
10.1
13/14
8.4
10/12
4.4
4/5
2.9
0/2
19.4
GESOP/El Periòdic[p 9] 20–22 Nov 2010 600 52–54 39.2
63/64
19.9
29/30
7.5
11/12
10.1
13/14
8.2
10/11
4.7
5
3.2
0/4
19.3
GESOP/El Periódico[p 10][p 11] 20–21 Nov 2010 400 51–53 39.1
63/64
20.0
30
7.5
11
10.3
14
8.0
10/11
4.3
4/5
3.2
0/4
19.1
Obradoiro de Socioloxía/Público[p 12] 15–20 Nov 2010 2,500 60 39.3
62
22.2
33
9.1
13
8.5
12
8.0
10
4.1
4
1.0
0
0.4
0
1.1
0
2.9
1
17.1
TNS Demoscopia/Antena 3[p 13] 19 Nov 2010 ? 50.2 38.5
59/60
21.6
30/32
?
10/11
?
15/16
?
11/12
?
4
?
3
16.9
NC Report/La Razón[p 14] 15–18 Nov 2010 1,000 53.9 39.4
60/62
21.8
31/32
9.3
13/14
11.4
15/16
8.5
11/12
3.2
2/3
1.8
0
17.6
Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 15] 15–18 Nov 2010 1,650 ? 40.4
61/64
21.8
30/32
8.1
11
12.7
17/19
8.1
9/10
3.0
3
18.6
Noxa/La Vanguardia[p 16] 15–18 Nov 2010 1,200 ? 39.3
63/65
20.1
31/32
7.9
10/12
10.1
14
7.5
9/10
4.0
4
2.4
0/1
19.2
DYM/ABC[p 17][p 1] 11–18 Nov 2010 1,141 52.3 40.0
60/62
21.7
31
6.6
11
11.3
15/16
10.0
12/13
4.6
5
1.8
0/1
18.3
Metroscopia/El País[p 18][p 19] 16–17 Nov 2010 1,508 50–52 39.5
64/65
20.4
30
7.0
8/9
9.5
13/14
6.9
10
5.0
6/7
2.6
1/3
19.1
La Vanguardia[p 20] 12 Nov 2010 ? ? 40.6
63/65
19.2
27/28
9.2
13
11.9
15/16
8.4
11/12
3.5
3
2.9
0/3
21.4
Feedback/RAC 1[p 21][p 22][p 23] 8–12 Nov 2010 1,000 52.3 39.3
62/63
20.1
30/31
5.6
10/11
10.5
14/15
6.7
9/10
3.2
3
0.7
0
1.7
0/1
2.8
2/4
19.2
GESOP/El Periódico[p 24][p 25][p 26] 7–10 Nov 2010 800 ? 39.0
62/63
21.3
31/32
7.7
11/12
10.8
14/15
9.0
11/12
3.2
3/4
2.7
0/2
19.7
Opina/Cadena SER[p 27][p 28] 8–9 Nov 2010 1,200 ? 42.4
65/66
18.4
30/32
7.3
10/11
11.6
14/16
7.5
7/8
4.1
3
3.5
2/3
24.0
CIS[p 29][p 30] 15 Oct–4 Nov 2010 2,966 ? 38.0
59
22.7
33
10.2
15/16
9.7
13/14
8.2
11
3.5
3
0.6
0
0.1
0
1.2
0
1.0
0
15.3
NC Report/La Razón[p 31][p 32] 26–28 Oct 2010 1,000 53.5 41.0
62/63
21.6
30/31
8.8
11/12
11.9
15/16
10.1
12/13
2.9
2/3
19.4
TNS Demoscopia/Antena 3[p 33][p 34] 24 Oct 2010 ? 54.8 40.2 19.5 20.7
Feedback/RAC 1[p 35][p 36][p 37] 18–22 Oct 2010 1,000 54.0 41.8
65/66
19.5
27/28
6.5
11/12
8.6
13
8.0
9/11
3.8
4
1.0
0
1.5
0
2.3
0/4
22.3
GESOP/CEO[p 38][p 39] 11–22 Oct 2010 2,000 58.3 37.0
62/65
19.4
29/30
8.6
13/14
11.3
16
7.2
8/9
3.5
4
2.0
0
17.6
GESOP/El Periódico[p 40][p 41] 26–28 Sep 2010 800 51–52 40.5
63/65
20.8
30/31
8.4
12/13
10.4
14/15
7.2
9/10
2.9
2/3
2.7
0/2
19.7
Feedback/RAC 1[p 42][p 43][p 44] 20–24 Sep 2010 1,000 55.3 41.2
63/65
20.4
30/31
8.0
10/11
10.7
15/16
7.3
9/10
3.7
3/4
1.0
0
2.4
0/3
20.8
TNS Demoscopia/SI[p 45][p 46][p 47] 20–23 Sep 2010 1,201 54.2 34.6
56/59
20.2
30/32
6.9
9/12
10.1
13/15
9.3
13/14
4.4
4
0.8
0
1.6
0
5.6
6/8
14.4
Metroscopia/El País[p 48][p 49] 20–22 Sep 2010 1,200 50 40.7
61
19.2
28
9.2
12
12.5
17
7.6
9
3.6
4
2.6
2
2.6
2
21.5
Noxa/La Vanguardia[p 50] 1–2 Sep 2010 800 ? 38.9
60/61
21.1
31/32
10.1
15/16
11.2
15
9.2
12
2.6
0/3
2.6
0/3
17.8
Noxa/La Vanguardia[p 51] 12–14 Jul 2010 1,000 ? 42.1
65/66
23.1
32/33
8.4
13
10.3
14
7.4
10
2.4
0
1.9
0
19.0
GESOP/CEO[p 52][p 53] 28 Jun–8 Jul 2010 2,000 53.9 40.5
67/68
21.1
31/32
8.7
13
9.8
13
7.4
10
2.6
0
0.9
0
19.4
NC Report/La Razón[p 54] 2–3 Jul 2010 1,000 53.8 40.4
60/61
22.2
32/33
9.2
12/13
11.6
15/16
10.5
13/14
2.8
0
18.2
Metroscopia/El País[p 55][p 56] 1 Jul 2010 302 ? 39.0 24.7 7.5 14.3
GESOP/El Periódico[p 57][p 58] 10–11 Jun 2010 800 ? 41.0
65/67
21.0
30/32
8.5
12/13
10.0
13/14
8.5
10/12
1.2
0
0.5
0
1.3
0
20.0
Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 59] 24–26 May 2010 1,000 ? 36.1
57/59
24.8
35/38
9.5
12/15
14.8
20/22
5.7
5/7
11.3
Noxa/La Vanguardia[p 60] 10–13 May 2010 1,000 ? 41.1
63/64
23.5
33/34
8.7
13
10.5
14
8.5
11
1.4
0
0.9
0
17.6
GESOP/CEO[p 61][p 62] 16–30 Apr 2010 2,000 56.8 39.6
65
23.2
36
8.8
13
8.5
12
7.7
9
1.8
0
1.4
0
16.4
Obradoiro de Socioloxía/Público[p 63] 7–16 Apr 2010 2,500 ? 38.8
58/60
28.2
41/43
9.0
13
7.2
10
7.7
10/11
1.9
0
0.7
0
0.8
0
1.2
0
10.6
TNS Demoscopia/Antena 3[p 64][p 65][p 66] 22–23 Mar 2010 1,100 49.5 40.5
61/62
23.9
35/36
10.3
13/14
9.3
12/13
9.2
11/12
1.8
0
2.1
0
16.6
GESOP/El Periódico[p 67][p 68] 15–18 Mar 2010 ? ? 38.7
61/63
23.0
34/36
8.4
12/13
9.8
13/14
8.3
11/12
1.5
0
1.0
0
15.7
GAD/COPE[p 69][p 70] 9–15 Mar 2010 1,000 60 39.0
59
23.5
35
9.4
13
12.7
16
8.8
12
2.1
0
15.5
Noxa/La Vanguardia[p 71] 8–10 Mar 2010 1,000 ? 43.9
65/67
23.9
32/33
7.7
11/12
10.4
13/14
9.2
11/12
0.1
0
1.8
0
20.0
GESOP/CEO[p 72][p 73] 13–28 Jan 2010 2,000 56.9 35.6
58
24.7
38
9.8
15
9.7
13
8.5
10
2.1
0
1.2
1
10.9
Opina/CEO[p 74][p 75] 2–13 Nov 2009 2,000 56.8 33.4
55/57
23.1
36/38
10.1
17
10.3
15
6.8
10
1.7
0
1.4
0
10.3
GESOP/El Periódico[p 76][p 77] 26–28 Oct 2009 800 ? 35.1
55/57
25.1
36/38
10.8
16/17
9.4
12/14
10.1
13/14
1.2
0
1.3
0
10.0
Noxa/La Vanguardia[p 78] 22–27 Oct 2009 1,000 ? 36.2
57/58
25.1
35/36
9.5
14/15
11.2
15/16
8.5
10/11
0.7
0
2.8
0/3
11.1
Obradoiro de Socioloxía/Público[p 79] 1–4 Sep 2009 ? ? 35.7
53/54
30.8
44/46
6.9
11
10.8
13/15
8.4
11
1.6
0
1.4
0
4.9
GESOP/El Periódico[p 80] 14–15 Jul 2009 600 ? 34.4
54/56
26.0
37/39
11.0
16/17
8.5
12
10.0
12/13
1.5
0
8.4
Opina/CEO[p 81][p 82] 29 Jun–10 Jul 2009 2,000 ? 35.4
54
25.5
37
10.4
15
11.3
15
8.7
11
2.6
3
9.9
2009 EP election 7 Jun 2009 N/A 36.9 22.4
35
36.0
54
9.2
13
18.0
26
6.1
7
0.4
0
0.8
0
13.6
Opina/CEO[p 83][p 84] 20–30 Apr 2009 2,000 ? 38.5
59
23.0
34
12.2
17
10.5
14
7.9
11
2.6
0
15.5
GESOP/El Periódico[p 85] 9–11 Mar 2009 800 ? 35.6
55/56
26.5
38/39
10.6
15/16
8.8
12/13
9.0
11/12
2.5
0/2
9.1
Opina/CEO[p 86][p 87] 19–28 Jan 2009 2,000 ? 34.5
56
24.3
35/36
12.3
17/18
8.6
12
9.2
12
2.8
2
10.2
Noxa/La Vanguardia[p 88] 24–27 Nov 2008 600 ? 34.8
51/53
26.0
36/37
13.7
19/20
9.7
12/13
9.2
11/12
2.7
0/3
8.8
GESOP/El Periódico[p 89] 10–13 Nov 2008 ? ? 34.2
52/54
26.9
38/39
13.9
20/21
8.0
10/11
9.0
11/12
2.4
0/2
7.3
Opina/CEO[p 90][p 91] 20–28 Oct 2008 2,000 ? 34.0
52
25.6
37
10.8
16/17
12.2
15/17
8.9
12
1.9
1/2
8.4
GESOP/El Periódico[p 92] 1–2 Jul 2008 ? ? 34.8
52/53
27.3
38/39
12.7
17/18
9.0
12/13
8.0
10/11
3.1
2/3
7.5
Opina/CEO[p 93][p 94] 16 Jun–1 Jul 2008 2,000 ? 34.7
53
25.9
38
12.7
18
9.2
13
8.8
11
2.5
2
8.8
Opina/CEO[p 95][p 96] 14–25 Apr 2008 2,000 ? 31.9
48
29.6
42
11.5
17
10.4
13
9.7
12
3.0
3
2.3
GESOP/El Periódico[p 97][p 98] 22–24 Apr 2008 ? ? 35.6
53/55
28.4
40/42
11.8
17/18
8.5
10/11
8.9
11/12
2.1
0
7.2
La Vanguardia[p 99] 9 Mar 2008 ? 70.3 30.4
50
30.3
45
9.8
14
10.7
15
8.0
11
0.1
2008 general election 9 Mar 2008 N/A 70.3 20.9
31
45.4
65
7.8
12
16.4
22
4.9
5
0.7
0
0.1
0
0.2
0
24.5
GESOP/El Periódico[p 100][p 101] 8–11 Jan 2008 ? ? 33.3
51/52
27.0
38/40
11.8
18
10.4
14
8.3
11
2.4
0/2
6.3
Noxa/La Vanguardia[p 102] 22–25 Oct 2007 800 ? 30.8
46
28.9
39
14.6
22
10.6
14
8.8
11
3.5
3
1.9
GESOP/El Periódico[p 103] 14 Oct 2007 ? ? 33.0
51/52
27.0
38/40
14.0
21/22
9.5
12/13
8.5
10/11
2.0
0
6.0
Opina/CEO[p 104][p 105] 17–28 Sep 2007 2,200 ? 30.4
46/47
28.5
42
13.3
20
8.6
11/12
10.2
13
1.9
0/2
1.9
Opina/CEO[p 106][p 107] 18 Jun–2 Jul 2007 2,200 ? 33.4
50/51
27.0
40
11.9
17
9.0
12
9.9
12/13
3.6
3
6.4
GESOP/El Periódico[p 108] 25–27 Jun 2007 ? ? 33.0
51/53
27.0
38/40
13.3
19/20
9.5
12/13
9.0
11/12
2.5
0/2
6.0
2007 local elections 27 May 2007 N/A 53.9 25.3 32.2 11.7 9.9 9.1 2.3 0.4 6.9
GESOP/El Periódico[p 109] 15–17 Apr 2007 800 ? 32.0
49/50
28.6
39/40
12.5
18
9.8
13
10.0
13
2.7
2
3.4
Opina/CEO[p 110][p 107] 2–16 Mar 2007 2,200 ? 29.8 27.6 13.8 10.2 10.2 3.5 2.2
GESOP/El Periódico[p 111] 17–18 Jan 2007 800 ? 31.1
47/48
28.4
39/40
12.2
18
10.5
14
9.9
12
4.0
4
2.7
DYM/CEO[p 112][p 107] 6–20 Nov 2006 2,100 ? 32.6 26.3 13.1 8.6 10.5 6.0 6.3
2006 regional election 1 Nov 2006 N/A 56.0 31.5
48
26.8
37
14.0
21
10.7
14
9.5
12
3.0
3
4.7

Results

Overall

Summary of the 28 November 2010 Parliament of Catalonia election results
CataloniaParliamentDiagram2010
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 1,202,830 38.43 +6.91 62 +14
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 575,233 18.38 –8.44 28 –9
People's Party (PP) 387,066 12.37 +1.72 18 +4
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left (ICV–EUiA) 230,824 7.37 –2.15 10 –2
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 219,173 7.00 –7.03 10 –11
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 106,154 3.39 +0.36 3 ±0
Catalan Solidarity for Independence (SI) 102,921 3.29 New 4 +4
Platform for Catalonia (PxC) 75,134 2.40 New 0 ±0
Independence Rally (RI.cat) 39,834 1.27 New 0 ±0
Blank SeatsCitizens for Blank Votes (EB–CenB)1 18,679 0.60 +0.35 0 ±0
The Greens–European Green Group (EV–GVE) 15,784 0.50 New 0 ±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 14,238 0.45 –0.01 0 ±0
From Below (Des de Baix) 7,189 0.23 New 0 ±0
Reus Independent Coordinator (CORI) 6,990 0.22 New 0 ±0
Pirates of Catalonia (Pirata.cat) 6,451 0.21 New 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 5,418 0.17 New 0 ±0
Pensioners in Action Party (PDLPEA) 3,330 0.11 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Catalan People (PCPC) 3,028 0.10 –0.08 0 ±0
Government Alternative (AG) 2,208 0.07 New 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFiV) 2,201 0.07 –0.02 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 2,100 0.07 +0.04 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 1,920 0.06 –0.13 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 1,760 0.06 New 0 ±0
Left Republican Party–Republican Left (PRE–IR) 1,547 0.05 +0.03 0 ±0
Castilian Party (PCAS) 1,066 0.03 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 908 0.03 –0.06 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 904 0.03 New 0 ±0
Farmers for the Catalan Rural Dignity (PDR.cat) 824 0.03 New 0 ±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 788 0.03 –0.01 0 ±0
Our People (GN) 597 0.02 New 0 ±0
We Are All Equal (GLBTH/TSI) 498 0.02 New 0 ±0
Party for Catalonia (PxCAT) 314 0.01 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 218 0.01 New 0 ±0
Catalan Soberanist Bloc (BSC) 187 0.01 New 0 ±0
Aragonese Party (PAR) 98 0.00 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 82 0.00 New 0 ±0
Social and Liberal Alternative (ALS) 54 0.00 New 0 ±0
Progress and Justice Party (PJP) 49 0.00 New 0 ±0
Democratic Web (DW) 46 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 91,631 2.93 +0.90
Total 3,130,276 135 ±0
Valid votes 3,130,276 99.29 –0.25
Invalid votes 22,354 0.71 +0.25
Votes cast / turnout 3,152,630 58.78 +2.74
Abstentions 2,211,058 41.22 –2.74
Registered voters 5,363,688
Sources[11][12][13]
Popular vote
CiU
38.43%
PSC–PSOE
18.38%
PP
12.37%
ICV–EUiA
7.37%
ERC
7.00%
C's
3.39%
SI
3.29%
PxC
2.40%
RI.cat
1.27%
Others
3.18%
Blank ballots
2.93%
Seats
CiU
45.93%
PSC–PSOE
20.74%
PP
13.33%
ICV–EUiA
7.41%
ERC
7.41%
SI
2.96%
C's
2.22%

Distribution by constituency

Constituency CiU PSC PP ICV–EUiA ERC C's SI
% S % S % S % S % S % S % S
Barcelona 36.8 35 19.2 18 12.9 12 8.3 8 6.4 6 3.8 3 3.1 3
Girona 45.1 9 14.3 3 8.6 1 4.8 1 9.2 2 1.7 4.7 1
Lleida 46.9 8 14.8 3 10.2 2 4.0 9.1 1 1.5 3.1
Tarragona 39.3 9 18.2 4 13.4 3 5.1 1 8.5 1 2.7 3.4
Total 38.4 62 18.4 28 12.4 18 7.4 10 7.0 10 3.4 3 3.3 4
Sources[12][13]

Aftermath

Investiture
Artur Mas (CiU)
Ballot → 21 December 2010 23 December 2010
Required majority → 68 out of 135 ☒ Simple ☑
62 / 135
62 / 135
73 / 135
45 / 135
0 / 135
28 / 135
Absentees
0 / 135
0 / 135
Sources[13]

References

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ a b "Dades generals sondejos campanya Eleccions al Parlament de Catalunya 2010" (PDF). Generalitat de Catalunya (in Catalan). Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  2. ^ "CiU, a un pas de la majoria absoluta i dur revés per a PSC". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 27 November 2010.
  3. ^ "El PSC no aconsegueix retallar la diferència amb CiU". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 27 November 2010.
  4. ^ "CiU, ganador indiscutible y Laporta podría conseguir representación en el Parlamento". COPE (in Spanish). 28 November 2010.
  5. ^ "Elecciones Cataluña. Encuesta de cierre de urnas" (PDF). GAD (in Spanish). 28 November 2010.
  6. ^ "CiU s'acosta a la majoria absoluta". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 26 November 2010.
  7. ^ "Estabilitat dels dos primers i ascens d'ICV-EUiA". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 25 November 2010.
  8. ^ "CiU avança als 65 escons i el PSC es recupera". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 24 November 2010.
  9. ^ "CiU manté els 64 escons i el PSC segueix a la baixa". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 23 November 2010.
  10. ^ "CiU se acerca aún más a la mayoría absoluta". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 22 November 2010.
  11. ^ "CiU s'acosta encara més a la majoria absoluta". El Periòdic d'Andorra (in Catalan). 22 November 2010.
  12. ^ "CiU se sitúa al borde de la mayoría absoluta". Público (in Spanish). 22 November 2010.
  13. ^ "CIU ganaría con comodidad las elecciones catalanas, a día de hoy". Antena 3 (in Spanish). 19 November 2010.
  14. ^ "Seis escaños separan a CiU de la mayoría absoluta". La Razón (in Spanish). 22 November 2010.
  15. ^ "CiU podría gobernar sin aliados". El Mundo (in Spanish). 21 November 2010.
  16. ^ "Catalunya prefiere el cambio". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 21 November 2010.
  17. ^ "CiU obtendría entre 60 y 62 escaños ante un tripartito sin mayoría". ABC (in Spanish). 21 November 2010.
  18. ^ "CiU barre en Cataluña". El País (in Spanish). 21 November 2010.
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  27. ^ "CIU ganaría las elecciones catalanas con más del 42% de los votos y entre 65 y 66 escaños". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 11 November 2010.
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  32. ^ "Vientos de cambio en Cataluña (La Razón)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 2 November 2010.
  33. ^ "CiU ganaría las catalanas con más de un 40% según el barómetro de Antena 3". Antena 3 (in Spanish). 24 October 2010.
  34. ^ "Montilla se desploma (Antena 3)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 24 October 2010.
  35. ^ "Convergència i Unió avança cap a la majoria absoluta". RAC 1 (in Catalan). 25 October 2010.
  36. ^ "Dilluns 25 d'octubre de 2010. El Racòmetre" (PDF). Feedback (in Catalan). 25 October 2010.
  37. ^ "CiU, a dos escaños de la mayoría absoluta (RAC1)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 25 October 2010.
  38. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política 22. 4a onada 2010" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 5 November 2010.
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  41. ^ "Barómetro de septiembre de 2010" (PDF). El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 4 October 2010.
  42. ^ "CiU frega la majoria absoluta segons el Racòmetre". RAC 1 (in Catalan). 27 September 2010.
  43. ^ "Un sondeo de RAC1 da amplia mayoría a CiU". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 27 September 2010.
  44. ^ "CiU cerca de la mayoría absoluta (RAC 1)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 27 September 2010.
  45. ^ "Un sondeig de SI dóna de 6 a 8 diputats a Laporta". Avui (in Catalan). 3 October 2010.
  46. ^ "Estudi per a les properes eleccions al Parlament" (PDF). TNS Demoscopia (in Catalan). 3 October 2010.
  47. ^ "Solidaritat sacaría entre 6 y 8 diputados (sondeo interno)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 3 October 2010.
  48. ^ "CiU aprovecha el desplome del tripartito". El País (in Spanish). 26 September 2010.
  49. ^ "Revolución electoral en Cataluña: entran 3 partidos minoritarios (El País)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 26 September 2010.
  50. ^ "CiU confirma su ventaja ante un PSC que obtendría su peor resultado". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 5 September 2010.
  51. ^ "CiU sigue cerca de la mayoría absoluta frente a un tripartito que no remonta". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 18 July 2010.
  52. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política 21. 3a onada 2010" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 30 July 2010.
  53. ^ "Proyección electoral. Barómetro de julio de 2010" (PDF). Feedback (in Spanish). 31 July 2010.
  54. ^ "El final del tripartito en Cataluña". La Razón (in Spanish). 5 July 2010.
  55. ^ "Agravio para Cataluña, alivio para el resto de España". El País (in Spanish). 4 July 2010.
  56. ^ "Clima Social de España (13ª oleada. Julio 2010)" (PDF). Metroscopia (in Spanish). 12 July 2010.
  57. ^ "PSC y ERC se desploman y ponen la mayoría absoluta al alcance de Mas". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 19 June 2010.
  58. ^ "PSC y ERC se desploman y ponen la mayoría absoluta al alcance de Mas". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 19 June 2010.
  59. ^ "El final del tripartito en Cataluña". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2 June 2010.
  60. ^ "CiU consolida su ventaja frente al retroceso de los partidos del Govern". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 16 May 2010.
  61. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política 20. 2a onada 2010" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 21 May 2010.
  62. ^ "Proyección electoral. Barómetro de mayo de 2010" (PDF). Feedback (in Spanish). 22 May 2010.
  63. ^ "El repunte del PSC no evita que CiU se asegure el Govern". Público (in Spanish). 25 April 2010.
  64. ^ "CiU superaría al tripartito si la elecciones se celebrasen hoy". Antena 3 (in Spanish). 26 March 2010.
  65. ^ "Barómetro TNS. Marzo 2010. Clima político y expectativas electorales en Cataluña. Expectativas Elecciones al Parlamento de Cataluña" (PDF). TNS Demoscopia (in Spanish). 26 March 2010.
  66. ^ "Barómetro TNS. Marzo 2010. Clima político y expectativas electorales en Cataluña. Ficha técnica" (PDF). TNS Demoscopia (in Spanish). 26 March 2010.
  67. ^ "CiU apuntala una cómoda mayoría sobre las fatalidades del tripartito". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 24 March 2010.
  68. ^ "El retroceso del tripartito acerca a CiU a la mayoría absoluta". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 23 March 2010.
  69. ^ "Barómetro COPE: el ascenso de CiU anticipa un cambio de gobierno en Cataluña". COPE (in Spanish). 18 March 2010.
  70. ^ "CiU se sitúa a nueve escaños de la mayoría absoluta y podría gobernar con el apoyo del PP, según el Barómetro Cope". Electómetro (in Spanish). 23 March 2010.
  71. ^ "CiU roza la mayoría absoluta y el tripartito se hunde en plena nevada". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 14 March 2010.
  72. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política 19. 1a onada 2010" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 26 February 2010.
  73. ^ "Proyección electoral. Barómetro de febrero de 2010" (PDF). Feedback (in Spanish). 27 February 2010.
  74. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política 18. Desembre 2009" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 4 December 2009.
  75. ^ "Proyección electoral. Barómetro de noviembre de 2009" (PDF). Feedback (in Spanish). 5 December 2009.
  76. ^ "Mas amplía la brecha en el pulso con Montilla por la presidencia". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 1 November 2009.
  77. ^ "Barómetro de octubre de 2009" (PDF). El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 1 November 2009.
  78. ^ "CiU acentúa su ventaja y arrebataría el poder a un tripartito en retroceso". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 1 November 2009.
  79. ^ "La caída de ERC lastra al tripartito". Público (in Spanish). 11 September 2009.
  80. ^ "Una alianza entre CiU y PPC empata con la suma de un tercer tripartito". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 18 July 2009.
  81. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política 17. Juliol 2009" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 30 July 2009.
  82. ^ "Proyección electoral. Barómetro de julio de 2009" (PDF). Feedback (in Spanish). 31 July 2009.
  83. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política 16. Maig 2009" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 21 May 2009.
  84. ^ "Proyección electoral. Barómetro de mayo de 2009" (PDF). Feedback (in Spanish). 22 May 2009.
  85. ^ "CiU le saca nueve puntos al PSC y deja al tripartito sin la mayoría". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 22 March 2009.
  86. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política 15. Febrer 2009" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 26 February 2009.
  87. ^ "Proyección electoral. Barómetro de febrero de 2009" (PDF). Feedback (in Spanish). 27 February 2009.
  88. ^ "CiU avanza y amenaza la mayoría del tripartito, que retrocede ligeramente". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 30 November 2008.
  89. ^ "El tripartito consolida su mayoría pero CiU se mantiene por delante". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 20 November 2008.
  90. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política 15. Novembre 2008" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 20 November 2008.
  91. ^ "Proyección electoral. Barómetro de noviembre de 2008" (PDF). Feedback (in Spanish). 21 November 2008.
  92. ^ "El tripartito, al borde de perder la mayoría mientras CiU se consolida". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 10 July 2008.
  93. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política 14. Juliol 2008" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 24 July 2008.
  94. ^ "Proyección electoral. Barómetro de julio de 2008" (PDF). Feedback (in Spanish). 25 July 2008.
  95. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política 13. Maig 2008" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 16 May 2008.
  96. ^ "Proyección electoral. Barómetro de mayo de 2008" (PDF). Feedback (in Spanish). 17 May 2008.
  97. ^ "El Govern de la Entesa mantiene la mayoría pese al avance de CiU". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 2 May 2008.
  98. ^ "El Govern de la Entesa mantiene la mayoría pese al avance de CiU" (PDF). El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 2 May 2008.
  99. ^ "El final de una fantasía". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 30 May 2008.
  100. ^ "La Entesa ve peligrar por primera vez la hegemonía en el Parlament". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 18 January 2008.
  101. ^ "Barómetro de enero de 2008" (PDF). El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 18 January 2008.
  102. ^ "CiU y PSC mantienen sus apoyos pero Montilla es el preferido frente a Mas". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 4 November 2007.
  103. ^ "CiU y PSC mantienen su pulso sin despegarse ni un milímetro". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 14 October 2007.
  104. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política. Octubre 2007" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 25 October 2007.
  105. ^ "Proyección electoral. Barómetro de octubre de 2007" (PDF). Feedback (in Spanish). 26 October 2007.
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  108. ^ "CiU continúa en cabeza pero el PSC no deja que se desmarque". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 2 July 2007.
  109. ^ "CiU se mantiene en cabeza pero la Entesa consolida su mayoría". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 26 April 2007.
  110. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política. Març 2007" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 11 April 2007.
  111. ^ "CiU apenas cede unas décimas y sigue siendo el partido con más apoyo". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 28 January 2007.
  112. ^ "Baròmetre d'Opinió Política. Novembre 2006" (PDF). CEO (in Catalan). 4 December 2006.
Other
  1. ^ "Spanish Constitutional Court cuts back Catalan Statute of Autonomy". Nationalia. 29 June 2010. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  2. ^ Govan, Fiona (29 June 2010). "Catalonia can call itself a 'nation', rules Spain's top court". The Daily Telegraph. Madrid. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  3. ^ Piñol, Àngels; Cia, Blanca (25 October 2010). "Montilla entierra el tripartito y descarta repetirlo aunque sume". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Montilla dejará la secretaría general del PSC". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 28 November 2010. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d "Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 2006". Organic Law No. 6 of 19 July 2006. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d "Organic Act 6/2006 of the 19th July, on the Reform of the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia" (PDF). parlament.cat. Parliament of Catalonia. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  7. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  8. ^ "Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979". Organic Law No. 4 of 18 December 1979. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  9. ^ "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 2010". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ a b "Parliament of Catalonia election results, 28 November 2010" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Central Electoral Commission. 14 January 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  13. ^ a b c "Parliament of Catalonia elections since 1980". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
1833 territorial division of Spain

The 1833 territorial division of Spain divided Spain into provinces, classified into "historic regions" (Spanish: regiones históricas). Many of these regions correspond to present-day autonomous communities of Spain and nearly all of the provinces retain roughly or precisely these borders, although five provinces have changed their names to reflect local languages other than Castilian Spanish and three to match the name of a coterminous autonomous community.

Outline of Catalonia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Catalonia:

Catalonia – nationality and one of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain, located on the northeastern part of the Iberian Peninsula.

Vegueria

The vegueria (Catalan pronunciation: [bəɣəˈɾi.ə]; pl. vegueries) was the feudal administrative territorial jurisdiction of the Principality of Catalonia (to the Crown of Aragon) during the Middle Ages and into the Modern Era until the Nueva Planta decrees of 1716. The vegueria was headed by a veguer (Latin: vigerius) and its office was called a vigeriate (Latin: vigeriatus).

Vegueries were also in place during the Crown of Aragon dominion of Sardinia, and –briefly– during the same in the Duchy of Athens .

Zapatero government

José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero formed the Zapatero government on 18 April 2004 after being nominated by King Juan Carlos I to form a government as a result of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party's victory at the 2004 general election. Zapatero was nominated again after the 2008 general election to form a new cabinet for a second term in office.

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