A federal election was held on Saturday, 21 August 2010 for members of the 43rd Parliament of Australia. The incumbent centre-left Australian Labor Party led by Prime Minister Julia Gillard won a second term against the opposition centre-right Liberal Party of Australia led by Opposition Leader Tony Abbott and Coalition partner the National Party of Australia, led by Warren Truss, after Labor formed a minority government with the support of three independent MPs and one Australian Greens MP.
Labor and the Coalition each won 72 seats in the 150-seat House of Representatives, four short of the requirement for majority government, resulting in the first hung parliament since the 1940 election. Six crossbenchers held the balance of power. Greens MP Adam Bandt and independent MPs Andrew Wilkie, Rob Oakeshott and Tony Windsor declared their support for Labor on confidence and supply. Independent MP Bob Katter and National Party of Western Australia MP Tony Crook declared their support for the Coalition on confidence and supply. The resulting 76–74 margin entitled Labor to form a minority government. The Prime Minister, government ministers and parliamentary secretaries were sworn in on 14 September 2010 by the Governor-General Quentin Bryce. In November 2011, Coalition MP and Deputy Speaker Peter Slipper replaced Labor MP Harry Jenkins as Speaker of the House of Representatives, increasing Labor's parliamentary majority from 76–74 to 77–73.
In the 76-seat Senate, the Greens won one seat in each of the six states, gaining the sole balance of power with a total of nine seats, after previously holding a shared balance of power with the Family First Party and independent Nick Xenophon. The Coalition was reduced from 37 to 34 and Labor was reduced from 32 to 31. The two remaining seats were occupied by Xenophon and Victoria's new Democratic Labor Party Senator John Madigan. Family First Party Senator Steve Fielding was defeated. These changes took effect in the Senate on 1 July 2011.
More than 13 million Australians were enrolled to vote at the time of the election. Australia has compulsory voting (since 1925) and uses preferential ballot (since 1919) in single-member seats for the House of Representatives and single transferable vote (since 1949) with optional group voting tickets (since 1984) in the proportionally represented Senate. The election was conducted by the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC).
|Australian federal election, 2010|
All 150 seats in the House of Representatives
76 seats were needed for a majority in the House
40 (of the 76) seats in the Senate
|Australian Labor Party||4,711,363||37.99||−5.40||72||−11|
|Liberal Party of Australia||3,777,383||30.46||+0.76||44||−11|
|Liberal National Party (QLD)||1,130,525||9.12||+0.60||21||+21|
|National Party of Australia||419,286||3.43||−0.04||6||−4|
|Country Liberal Party (NT)||38,335||0.31||−0.01||1||+1|
|National Party (WA)[nb 1]||43,101||0.34||+0.20||1||+1|
|Australian Labor Party||6,216,445||50.12||−2.58||72||−11|
Labor and the Coalition each won 72 seats in the 150-seat House of Representatives, a loss of eleven and a gain of seven respectively. Labor retained a majority of seats in a majority of states against the Coalition − New South Wales (26 to 20), Victoria (22 to 14), South Australia (6 to 5), and Tasmania (4 to 0), but fell sharply in Queensland (8 to 21) with a pre-existing minority in Western Australia (3 to 11). Labor won their largest two-party preferred vote in Victoria and Tasmania since official two-party records began in 1949, and in South Australia, their fourth-largest.
On the crossbench, one member of the Australian Greens, one member of the National Party of Western Australia and four independent members held the balance of power. After gaining the support of four crossbenchers Labor was able to form a minority government.
On the crossbenches:
A year after the election, The Age summarised the collective positions of the crossbenchers as one of "no regrets". On 24 November 2011, the Coalition's Peter Slipper replaced Labor's Harry Jenkins as Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives, increasing Labor's parliamentary majority from 75–74 to 76–73. On 21 January 2012 Andrew Wilkie withdrew his support for Labor, changing the majority to 75–73.
|Party||Votes||%||Swing||Seats won||Continuing senators||Total seats||Change|
|Australian Labor Party||4,469,734||35.13||–5.17||15||16||31||–1|
|Family First Party||267,493||2.10||+0.48||0||–||0||–1|
|Democratic Labor Party||134,987||1.06||+0.14||1||–||1||+1|
The Senate has 76 seats. Forty seats were up for election; six in each of the six states and two in each of the two territories. The terms of the four senators from the territories commenced on election day, all other terms took effect from 1 July 2011. The Coalition holds 34 seats and Labor holds 31 seats, with the balance of power shifting solely to the Australian Greens with nine seats, after previously holding a shared balance of power with the Family First Party and independent Nick Xenophon. The Labor government requires the support of at least eight non-Labor Senators to pass legislation.
Labor and the Coalition incurred swings against them in votes and seats. The Greens received a four percent swing and won a seat in each of the six states at the election, a first for an Australian minor party. John Madigan (Victoria) of the Democratic Labor Party won a seat, while Steve Fielding (Victoria) of the Family First Party lost his seat. Xenophon was not required to stand at this election but will be up for re-election at the next. Minor parties not winning a seat but receiving a notable swing include the Australian Sex Party (+2.0), the Liberal Democratic Party (+1.7) and the Shooters and Fishers Party (+1.4).
Members in italics did not re-contest their House of Representatives seats at this election. Six notional boundary redistributed seats were contested at this election. Based on booths contested at the previous election, the seats redistributed by the AEC from being marginal Coalition seats to marginal Labor seats – Dickson, Gilmore, Herbert, Macarthur and Swan – were all retained by the Coalition. Greenway was redistributed to become a marginal to fairly safe Labor seat, and was retained by Labor.
|Bennelong, NSW||Labor||Maxine McKew||1.40||4.52||3.12||John Alexander||Liberal|
|Bonner, Qld||Labor||Kerry Rea||5.47||7.35||2.82||Ross Vasta||Liberal National|
|Brisbane, Qld||Labor||Arch Bevis||4.60||5.73||1.13||Teresa Gambaro||Liberal National|
|Dawson, Qld||Labor||James Bidgood||2.59||5.02||2.43||George Christensen||Liberal National|
|Denison, Tas||Labor||Duncan Kerr||15.29||N/A||1.21||Andrew Wilkie||Independent|
|Flynn, Qld||Labor||Chris Trevor||2.24||5.82||3.58||Ken O'Dowd||Liberal National|
|Forde, Qld||Labor||Brett Raguse||3.36||4.99||1.63||Bert van Manen||Liberal National|
|Hasluck, WA||Labor||Sharryn Jackson||0.85||1.42||0.57||Ken Wyatt||Liberal|
|La Trobe, Vic||Liberal||Jason Wood||0.51||1.42||0.91||Laura Smyth||Labor|
|Leichhardt, Qld||Labor||Jim Turnour||4.06||8.61||4.55||Warren Entsch||Liberal National|
|Longman, Qld||Labor||Jon Sullivan||1.87||3.79||1.92||Wyatt Roy||Liberal National|
|Macquarie, NSW||Labor||Bob Debus||0.28||1.49||1.21||Louise Markus||Liberal|
|Melbourne, Vic||Labor||Lindsay Tanner||4.71||10.75||6.04||Adam Bandt||Greens|
|McEwen, Vic||Liberal||Fran Bailey||0.02||5.34||5.32||Rob Mitchell||Labor|
|O'Connor, WA||Liberal||Wilson Tuckey||12.76||N/A||3.56||Tony Crook||Nationals WA|
|Solomon, NT||Labor||Damian Hale||0.19||1.94||1.75||Natasha Griggs||Country Liberal|
The Labor Party, led by Julia Gillard, and the Liberal Party, led by Tony Abbott, were the predominant parties to contest the election. The smaller National Party led by Warren Truss is in a coalition with the Liberal Party. Following the 2007 federal election, the 150-member Australian House of Representatives consisted of 83 Labor-held seats, 65 Coalition seats (55 Liberal and 10 National), and two seats held by independents. The Australian Greens won 8 per cent of the 2007 vote, and the Family First Party won 2 per cent, with the Greens winning 1 seat in the lower house.
The coalition total was reduced to 64 seats when Rob Oakeshott, former state Nationals turned independent MP, won the seat of Lyne at the September 2008 Lyne by-election, resulting from the resignation of former Howard minister and Nationals leader Mark Vaile. The April 2008 Gippsland by-election, resulting from the resignation of the former Howard minister and Nationals MP Peter McGauran, saw the Nationals' Darren Chester retain the seat, receiving a swing of 6%. The Liberals suffered a swing in the September 2008 Mayo by-election resulting from the resignation of former Howard minister and Liberal leader Alexander Downer, and came close to losing the seat to the Greens candidate. The Liberals retained seats at the Bradfield and Higgins by-elections in December 2009. The member for Ryan, Michael Johnson, was expelled from the Liberal National Party on 20 May 2010, reducing the Coalition to 63 seats.
Since the previous national election in 2007 there were a number of redistributions. These realignments of electorate boundaries are regularly undertaken by the Australian Electoral Commission and they maintain similar voter numbers in each electorate. They saw Labor's notional number of seats increase to 88 with the coalition's notional number decreased to 59, with independents in three. The swing required by the opposition to win majority government had decreased by approximately 0.1 percent.
The redistribution of electoral divisions for Western Australia made the Liberal held Swan notionally Labor, and vastly changed Kalgoorlie and O'Connor, with the former being safer for the Liberals, and the latter becoming more marginal. Kalgoorlie was also renamed Durack. The redistribution also damaged the WA Nationals' chances of a House of Representatives seat. Tasmania was also redistributed but, while there were some changes to boundaries, little changed in terms of seat margins.
New South Wales lost a seat to Queensland due to population changes for the second election in a row. The Labor Party suggested the abolition of the marginal Liberal seat of Macarthur, while the Liberal Party suggested that Liberal-held Hume and National-held Riverina be merged to create a new seat called "Bradman" in honour of Sir Donald Bradman. The National Party suggested the abolition of the Labor-held city seat of Banks. The draft New South Wales redistribution, published in August 2009, proposed that Reid be abolished and that Lowe be renamed "McMahon" in honour of former Prime Minister Sir William McMahon. In response to widespread criticism of the abolition of the name "Reid", the finalised redistribution, published in October 2009, instead had Lowe renamed "Reid" and Prospect replaced with McMahon. Boundary changes also resulted in the Liberal seats of Macarthur, Greenway and Gilmore becoming notionally Labor-held, with major changes to other seats, including Calare, Parkes and Macquarie.
In Queensland, the seat of Wright was created as a Liberal-held seat based on the Gold Coast hinterland. The redistribution saw the status of Blair change from marginal Labor to a safe Labor seat. The status of marginal Liberal seats Dickson and Herbert also changed to marginal Labor seats.
In the 76-member Australian Senate, from July 2008 to June 2011, the Labor and Liberal parties hold 32 seats each, and the Liberals' coalition partner, the National Party (including one CLP), five seats. The balance of power rests with the crossbench, consisting of:
For a majority, the government requires an additional seven votes from non-Labor senators. If the Liberal Party chooses to vote with the Labor Party, support from the crossbench is not required.
Forty seats in the Senate were up for election:
The party composition of these 40 senators whose terms will expire is:
These seats are listed in order of election for the six states and two territories:
|Bill Heffernan (Lib)
Steve Hutchins (ALP)
Concetta F.-Wells (Lib)
John Faulkner (ALP)
Fiona Nash (Nat)
Michael Forshaw (ALP)
|Michael Ronaldson (Lib)
Kim Carr (ALP)
Julian McGauran (Lib)
Stephen Conroy (ALP)
Judith Troeth (Lib)
Steve Fielding (FFP)
|Brett Mason (Lib)
Jan McLucas (ALP)
George Brandis (Lib)
Joe Ludwig (ALP)
Barnaby Joyce (Nat)
Russell Trood (Lib)
|Chris Back (Lib)
Chris Evans (ALP)
Mathias Cormann (Lib)
Glenn Sterle (ALP)
Judith Adams (Lib)
Rachel Siewert (Grn)
|Nick Minchin (Lib)
Anne McEwen (ALP)
Mary Jo Fisher (Lib)
Annette Hurley (ALP)
Alan Ferguson (Lib)
Dana Wortley (ALP)
|Eric Abetz (Lib)
Kerry O'Brien (ALP)
Guy Barnett (Lib)
Helen Polley (ALP)
Stephen Parry (Lib)
Christine Milne (Grn)
|Kate Lundy (ALP)
Gary Humphries (Lib)
|Trish Crossin (ALP)|
Nigel Scullion (CLP)
The election-eve Newspoll of over 2000 voters reported Labor on a 50.2 percent two-party-preferred vote. A post-election Newspoll taken 27–29 August 2010 of 1134 voters revealed 47 percent wanted a Gillard Labor government, to 39 percent for an Abbott Coalition government, while 14 percent were uncommitted. There was no difference between male and female voters. Ages 18–34 and 34–49 were even stronger for Labor, while those above 50 bucked the trend preferring the Coalition 45 percent to 40 percent.
A JWS Research "mega-poll" was conducted by robocall late in the campaign and published by Fairfax. It polled an Australian record of 22,000 voters in 54 marginal seats and a further 6,000 in safe seats. It revealed a national two-party-preferred vote for Labor of 51.6 percent. Losses in Queensland and New South Wales were offset by the gains of Dunkley, McEwen (both 57 percent for Labor), and Cowper and Boothby (both 54 percent for Labor), finishing with a total of 79 Labor, 68 coalition, 3 independent.
The graph shows a timeline of the estimates by three main polling companies – Roy Morgan (green), Nielsen (blue), and Newspoll (red) – of the two-party-preferred vote for Labor from January 2008 to 20 July 2010. The pink dot on the left side represents the actual 2PP vote for Labor in the November 2007 election.
The graph shows a timeline of Newspoll's estimates of the primary vote for Labor (red), the Coalition (blue), the Greens (green), and other parties or independent candidates (magenta) from 2007 to 2010. The four dots on the left side represent the actual vote for each party in the November 2007 election.
|17–19 Aug 2010||50%||37%|
|13–15 Aug 2010||50%||35%|
|6–8 Aug 2010||49%||34%|
|30 Jul – 1 August 2010||50%||35%|
|23–25 Jul 2010||50%||34%|
|16–18 Jul 2010||57%||27%|
|25–27 Jun 2010||53%||29%|
|18–20 Jun 2010||46%||37%|
|28–30 May 2010||49%||33%|
|14–16 May 2010||49%||33%|
|30 Apr – 2 May 2010||50%||32%|
|16–18 Apr 2010||56%||29%|
|26–28 Mar 2010||59%||27%|
|12–14 Mar 2010||55%||30%|
|26–28 Feb 2010||55%||30%|
|12–14 Feb 2010||55%||27%|
|29–31 Jan 2010||58%||26%|
|15–17 Jan 2010||57%||25%|
|4–6 Dec 2009||60%||23%|
|27–29 Nov 2009||65%||14%|
|13–15 Nov 2009||63%||22%|
|30 Oct – 1 November 2009||63%||19%|
|16–18 Oct 2009||65%||19%|
|28 Sep – 1 October 2009||67%||18%|
|Polling conducted by Newspoll and published in The Australian.|
^Remainder were "uncommitted".
|17–19 Aug 2010||44%||43%||42%||50%|
|13–15 Aug 2010||44%||38%||43%||46%|
|6–8 Aug 2010||43%||41%||41%||49%|
|30 Jul – 1 August 2010||42%||40%||44%||46%|
|23–25 Jul 2010||41%||37%||40%||46%|
|16–18 Jul 2010||48%||29%||36%||51%|
|25–27 Jun 2010||N/A (new)||N/A (new)||42%||41%|
|18–20 Jun 2010||36%||55%||38%||49%|
|28–30 May 2010||36%||54%||37%||49%|
|14–16 May 2010||39%||51%||42%||45%|
|30 Apr – 2 May 2010||39%||50%||45%||43%|
|16–18 Apr 2010||50%||41%||46%||40%|
|26–28 Mar 2010||51%||39%||44%||43%|
|12–14 Mar 2010||48%||41%||47%||38%|
|26–28 Feb 2010||51%||40%||48%||38%|
|12–14 Feb 2010||50%||40%||44%||37%|
|29–31 Jan 2010||50%||38%||41%||39%|
|15–17 Jan 2010||52%||34%||40%||35%|
|4–6 Dec 2009||58%||32%||N/A (new)||N/A (new)|
|27–29 Nov 2009||56%||34%||36%||50%|
|13–15 Nov 2009||56%||34%||34%||50%|
|30 Oct – 1 November 2009||59%||32%||32%||51%|
|16–18 Oct 2009||63%||28%||32%||54%|
|28 Sep – 1 October 2009||67%||21%||33%||48%|
|Polling conducted by Newspoll and published in The Australian.|
^Remainder were "uncommitted".
|The Age||Labor||The Sunday Age||Labor|
|The Australian||Liberal||The Weekend Australian||Liberal|
|The Australian Financial Review||Liberal|
|The Canberra Times||Labor|
|The Courier-Mail||Liberal National||The Sunday Mail||Liberal National|
|The Daily Telegraph||Liberal||The Sunday Telegraph||Labor|
|The Herald Sun||Liberal||Sunday Herald Sun||Labor|
|Northern Territory News||Labor|
|The Sydney Morning Herald||Labor|
|The West Australian||Liberal|
Anne Elizabeth Urquhart (née Polden; born 18 October 1957) is an Australian politician and member of the Australian Labor Party. She was elected to the Australian Senate representing Tasmania at the 2010 Australian federal election.Before entering politics Urquhart first worked at the Simplot food processing factory in Ulverstone, before becoming an official with the Food Preservers' Union of Australia (FPUA). The FPUA later merged into Australian Manufacturing Workers Union and from 2004 Urquhart was the state secretary of that body in Tasmania.Candidates of the 2010 Australian federal election
This article provides details on candidates who stood at the 2010 Australian federal election.
Nominations were formally declared open by the Australian Electoral Commission following the issue of the writ on 19 July 2010. Nominations closed on 29 July 2010. The received nominations were declared publicly on 30 July 2010.The election was held on Saturday 21 August 2010.Division of Lowe
The Division of Lowe was an Australian Electoral Division in the state of New South Wales. It was located in the inner western suburbs of Sydney, on the south shore of the Parramatta River. It included the suburbs of Drummoyne, Five Dock, Croydon, Croydon Park, Burwood, Enfield, Homebush, Strathfield, Concord, Rhodes, Canada Bay, Cabarita, Abbotsford and Mortlake.
The division was named after the Rt Hon Robert Lowe, 1st Viscount Sherbrooke, a former Member of the New South Wales Legislative Council, and former Home Secretary of the United Kingdom. The division was proclaimed at the redistribution of 11 May 1949, and was first contested at the 1949 federal election. It was first held by Sir William McMahon, who retained the seat for over 32 years, until 1982. He was prime minister 1971–72.
Following the 2009 redistribution of NSW, the seat of Lowe was abolished for the 2010 Australian federal election, with the bulk of its territory transferring to nearby Reid.Jenny Woodward
Jenny Woodward is an Australian journalist. She is currently weather presenter for ABC News in Queensland.John Pyke
John Richard Pyke (born 28 August 1940) is an Australian physicist and a former university law lecturer. In retirement he still writes about Constitutional Law. He was a Queensland Senate candidate at the 2001 and 2010 Australian Federal Election.Michelle Rowland
Michelle Anne Rowland (born 16 November 1971), an Australian politician, is a member of the Australian House of Representatives for the seat of Greenway representing the Australian Labor Party. At the 2010 Australian federal election, Rowland won the seat for Labor following the 2009 electoral distribution, making Greenway notionally Labor, on a margin of 5.7%. The seat was previously held by Liberal Louise Markus, who contested the more marginal seat of Macquarie at the 2010 federal election.
Rowland suffered a swing of 4.79 points against her, making Greenway one of the most marginal seats in the country. Rowland was re-elected to the seat at the 2013 federal election with an increased majority, and was also subsequently appointed to the Labor opposition's frontbench as Shadow Assistant Minister for Communications as well as Shadow Minister for Citizenship and Multiculturalism. In October 2015, Rowland was elevated to Shadow Minister for Small Business as well as continuing as Shadow Minister for Citizenship and Multiculturalism.In the lead-up to the 2013 election campaign opinion polls had shown that she would lose Greenway, but her subsequent victory was helped during the campaign by the blunder of her Liberal opponent Jaymes Diaz in not stating clearly the Coalition's policy on asylum seekers.
Since September 2016, Rowland supports same-sex marriage. In 2012, Rowland was one of the 98 MPs that did vote against same-sex marriage.Opinion polling for the 2010 Australian federal election
This article provides a list of federal opinion polls that were conducted between the 2007 election and 2010 election.Post-election pendulum for the 2010 Australian federal election
The following pendulum is known as the Mackerras Pendulum, invented by psephologist Malcolm Mackerras. Designed for the outcome of the 2010 federal election, the pendulum works by lining up all of the seats held in Parliament, 72 Labor, 72 Coalition, 1 Nationals WA, 1 Green and 4 independent, according to the percentage point margin on a two candidate preferred basis. The two party result is also known as the swing required for the seat to change hands. Given a uniform swing to the opposition or government parties in an election, the number of seats that change hands can be predicted. Swing is never uniform, but in practice variations of swing among the Australian states usually tend to cancel each other out. Seats are arranged in safeness categories according to the Australian Electoral Commission's classification of safeness. "Safe" seats require a swing of over 10 per cent to change, "fairly safe" seats require a swing of between 6 and 10 per cent, while "marginal" seats require a swing of less than 6 per cent.Pre-election pendulum for the 2010 Australian federal election
The following pendulum is known as the Mackerras Pendulum, invented by psephologist Malcolm Mackerras. Based upon the outcome of the 2007 federal election and changes before the 2010 election, the pendulum works by lining up all of the seats held in Parliament, 83 Labor, 55 Liberal, 9 National, and 3 independent, according to the percentage point margin on a two party preferred basis.The margins are post-redistribution, leaving some Liberal Party MPs in seats that have a notional majority of Labor Party voters, totalling 88 Labor, 59 coalition, 3 independent. In such cases, the seat is aligned with Labor and the MP's name is highlighted in blue.
The two-party result is also known as the swing required for the seat to change hands. Given a uniform swing to the opposition or government parties in an election, the number of seats that change hands can be predicted. Swing is never uniform, but in practice variations of swing among the Australian states usually tend to cancel each other out. Seats are arranged in categories of safeness following to the Australian Electoral Commission's classification of safeness. "Safe" seats require a swing of over 10 per cent to change, "fairly safe" seats require a swing of between 6 and 10 per cent, while "marginal" seats require a swing of less than 6 per cent.Queensland Liberal and National MPs contested the 2010 federal election as members of the Queensland Liberal National Party. They retained their original party affiliation until after the election.Results of the 2010 Australian federal election (House of Representatives)
The following tables show state-by-state results in the Australian House of Representatives at the 2010 federal election, Labor 72, Coalition 72, Nationals WA 1, Australian Greens 1, with 4 independents.Results of the 2010 Australian federal election (Senate)
The following tables show state-by-state results in the Australian Senate at the 2010 federal election. Senators total 34 Coalition, 31 Labor, nine Green, one Democratic Labor Party, and one independent, Nick Xenophon. New Senators took their places from 1 July 2011.Results of the 2010 Australian federal election in New South Wales
This is a list of electoral division results for the Australian 2010 federal election in the state of New South Wales.Results of the 2010 Australian federal election in Queensland
This is a list of electoral division results for the Australian 2010 federal election in the state of Queensland.Results of the 2010 Australian federal election in South Australia
This is a list of electoral division results for the Australian 2010 federal election for the state of South Australia.Results of the 2010 Australian federal election in Tasmania
This is a list of electoral division results for the Australian 2010 federal election in the state of Tasmania.Results of the 2010 Australian federal election in Victoria
This is a list of electoral division results for the Australian 2010 federal election in the state of Victoria.Results of the 2010 Australian federal election in Western Australia
This is a list of electoral division results for the Australian 2010 federal election for the state of Western Australia.Results of the 2010 Australian federal election in territories
This is a list of electoral divisions for the Australian 2010 federal election for the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.Steven Miles (politician)
Steven John Miles (born 15 November 1977) is an Australian politician. He has been the Labor member for Murrumba in the Queensland Legislative Assembly since 2017, and previously represented Mount Coot-tha from 2015 to 2017.