200 metres

The 200 metres (also spelled 200 meters) is a sprint running event. On an outdoor race 400 m track, the race begins on the curve and ends on the home straight, so a combination of techniques are needed to successfully run the race. A slightly shorter race, called the stadion and run on a straight track, was the first recorded event at the ancient Olympic Games. The 200 m places more emphasis on speed endurance than shorter sprint distances as athletes predominantly rely on anaerobic energy system during the 200 m sprint.

In the United States and elsewhere, athletes previously ran the 220-yard dash (201.168 m) instead of the 200 m (218.723 yards), though the distance is now obsolete. The standard adjustment used for the conversion from times recorded over 220 yards to 200 m times is to subtract 0.1 seconds,[1] but other conversion methods exist. Another obsolete version of this race is the 200 metres straight, which was run on tracks that contained such a straight. Initially, when the International Amateur Athletic Association (now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations) started to ratify world records in 1912, only records set on a straight track were eligible for consideration. In 1951, the IAAF started to recognise records set on a curved track. In 1976, the straight record was discarded.

The race attracts runners from other events, primarily the 100 metres, wishing to double up and claim both titles. This feat has been achieved by men eleven times at the Olympic Games: by Archie Hahn in 1904, Ralph Craig in 1912, Percy Williams in 1928, Eddie Tolan in 1932, Jesse Owens in 1936, Bobby Morrow in 1956, Valeriy Borzov in 1972, Carl Lewis in 1984, and most recently by Jamaica's Usain Bolt in 2008, 2012, and 2016. The double has been accomplished by women seven times: by Fanny Blankers-Koen in 1948, Marjorie Jackson in 1952, Betty Cuthbert in 1956, Wilma Rudolph in 1960, Renate Stecher in 1972, Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988, and Elaine Thompson in 2016. Marion Jones finished first in both races in 2000 but was later disqualified and stripped of her medals after admitting to taking performance-enhancing drugs. An Olympic double of 200 m and 400 m was first achieved by Valerie Brisco-Hooks in 1984, and later by Michael Johnson from the United States and Marie-José Pérec of France both in 1996. Usain Bolt is the only man to repeat as Olympic champion, Bärbel Wöckel (née Eckert) and Veronica Campbell-Brown are the two women who have repeated as Olympic champion.

The men's world record holder is Usain Bolt of Jamaica, who ran 19.19s at the 2009 World Championships. The women's world record holder is Florence Griffith-Joyner of the United States, who ran 21.34s at the 1988 Summer Olympics. The reigning Olympic champions are Usain Bolt and Elaine Thompson (Jamaica). The reigning World Champions are Ramil Guliyev (Turkey) and Dafne Schippers (the Netherlands).

Races run with an aiding wind measured over 2.0 metres per second are not acceptable for record purposes.

Athletics
200 metres
London 2012 200m heat 1 start
Athletes leaving starting blocks for a 200 metres heat at the 2012 Olympic Games
Men's records
WorldJamaica Usain Bolt 19.19 (2009)
OlympicJamaica Usain Bolt 19.30 (2008)
Women's records
WorldUnited States Florence Griffith-Joyner 21.34 (1988)
OlympicUnited States Florence Griffith-Joyner 21.34 (1988)
Athletics Men's 200 Final, 27th Summer Universiade 2013, Kazan

Continental records

  • Updated 12 December 2018.[2][3]
Area Men Women
Time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation
Africa (records) 19.68 +0.4 Frank Fredericks  Namibia 22.04 +0.5 Blessing Okagbare  Nigeria
Asia (records) 19.97 −0.4 Femi Ogunode  Qatar 22.01 0.0 Li Xuemei  China
Europe (records) 19.72[A] +1.8 Pietro Mennea  Italy 21.63 +0.2 Dafne Schippers  Netherlands
North, Central America
and Caribbean
(records)
19.19 WR −0.3 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 21.34 WR +1.3 Florence Griffith-Joyner  United States
Oceania (records) 20.06[A] +0.9 Peter Norman  Australia 22.23 +0.8 Melinda Gainsford-Taylor  Australia
South America (records) 19.81 −0.3 Alonso Edward  Panama 22.48 +1.0 Ana Cláudia Lemos  Brazil

All-time top 25 sprinters

  • Only the fastest time for each athlete is listed.
  • A = Altitude

Men (outdoor)

  • Correct as of August 2018.[4]
Rank Time Wind Athlete Nation Date Location Ref
1 19.19 −0.3 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 20 August 2009 Berlin [5]
2 19.26 +0.7 Yohan Blake  Jamaica 16 September 2011 Brussels [6]
3 19.32 +0.4 Michael Johnson  United States 1 August 1996 Atlanta
4 19.53 +0.7 Walter Dix  United States 16 September 2011 Brussels
5 19.57 +0.4 Justin Gatlin  United States 28 June 2015 Eugene [7]
6 19.58 +1.3 Tyson Gay  United States 30 May 2009 New York City
7 19.63 +0.4 Xavier Carter  United States 11 July 2006 Lausanne
8 19.65 0.0 Wallace Spearmon  United States 28 September 2006 Daegu
+0.9 Noah Lyles  United States 20 July 2018 Monaco [8]
10 19.68 +0.4 Frankie Fredericks  Namibia 1 August 1996 Atlanta
11 19.69 A −0.5 Clarence Munyai  South Africa 16 March 2018 Pretoria [9]
12 19.72 A +1.8 Pietro Mennea  Italy 12 September 1979 Mexico City
13 19.73 −0.2 Michael Marsh  United States 5 August 1992 Barcelona
14 19.74 +1.4 LaShawn Merritt  United States 8 July 2016 Eugene [10]
15 19.75 +1.5 Carl Lewis  United States 19 June 1983 Indianapolis
+1.7 Joe DeLoach  United States 28 September 1988 Seoul
+0.3 Steven Gardiner  Bahamas 7 April 2018 Coral Gables [11]
18 19.76 +0.7 Ramil Guliyev  Turkey 9 August 2018 Berlin [12]
19 19.77 +0.7 Ato Boldon  Trinidad and Tobago 13 July 1997 Stuttgart
0.0 Isaac Makwala  Botswana 14 July 2017 Madrid [13]
21 19.79 +1.2 Shawn Crawford  United States 26 August 2004 Athens
+0.9 Warren Weir  Jamaica 23 June 2013 Kingston
23 19.80 +0.8 Christophe Lemaitre  France 3 September 2011 Daegu
+2.0 Rasheed Dwyer  Jamaica 23 July 2015 Toronto [14]
−0.3 Andre De Grasse  Canada 17 August 2016 Rio de Janeiro [15]

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 19.67:

  • Usain Bolt also ran 19.30 (2008), 19.32 (2012), 19.40 (2011), 19.55 (2015), 19.56 (2010), 19.57 (2009), 19.58 (2012), 19.59 (2009), 19.63 (2008), 19.66 (2012, 2013), 19.67 (2008).
  • Yohan Blake also ran 19.44 (2012), 19.54 (2012).
  • Tyson Gay also ran 19.62 (2007).
  • Michael Johnson also ran 19.66 (1996).
  • Noah Lyles also ran 19.67 (2018).

Women (outdoor)

  • Correct as of August 2018.[16]
Rank Time Wind Athlete Nation Date Location Ref
1 21.34 +1.3 Florence Griffith-Joyner  United States 29 September 1988 Seoul
2 21.62 A −0.6 Marion Jones  United States 11 September 1998 Johannesburg
3 21.63 +0.2 Dafne Schippers  Netherlands 28 August 2015 Beijing [17]
4 21.64 +0.8 Merlene Ottey  Jamaica 13 September 1991 Brussels
5 21.66 +0.2 Elaine Thompson  Jamaica 28 August 2015 Beijing [17]
6 21.69 +1.0 Allyson Felix  United States 30 June 2012 Eugene [18]
7 21.71 +0.7 Marita Koch  East Germany 10 June 1979 Karl-Marx-Stadt
+0.3 21 July 1984 Potsdam
+1.2 Heike Drechsler  East Germany 29 June 1986 Jena
−0.8 29 August 1986 Stuttgart
9 21.72 +1.3 Grace Jackson  Jamaica 29 September 1988 Seoul
−0.1 Gwen Torrence  United States 15 August 1992 Barcelona
11 21.74 +0.4 Marlies Göhr  East Germany 3 June 1984 Erfurt
+1.2 Silke Gladisch  East Germany 3 September 1987 Rome
+0.6 Veronica Campbell-Brown  Jamaica 21 August 2008 Beijing
14 21.75 −0.1 Juliet Cuthbert  Jamaica 5 August 1992 Barcelona
15 21.77 +0.6 Inger Miller  United States 27 August 1999 Seville
+1.5 Tori Bowie  United States 27 May 2017 Eugene [19]
17 21.81 −0.1 Valerie Brisco-Hooks  United States 9 August 1984 Los Angeles
18 21.83 −0.2 Evelyn Ashford  United States 24 August 1979 Montreal
19 21.85 +0.3 Bärbel Wöckel  East Germany 21 July 1984 Potsdam
20 21.87 0.0 Irina Privalova  Russia 25 July 1995 Monaco
21 21.88 +0.1 Shaunae Miller-Uibo  Bahamas 24 August 2017 Zürich [20]
22 21.89 +0.2 Dina Asher-Smith  United Kingdom 11 August 2018 Berlin [21]
23 21.93 +1.3 Pam Marshall  United States 23 July 1988 Indianapolis
24 21.95 +0.3 Katrin Krabbe  East Germany 30 August 1990 Split
25 21.97 +1.9 Jarmila Kratochvilova  Czechoslovakia 6 June 1981 Bratislava

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 21.80:

Men (indoor)

Updated February 2019.[22]

Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Location Ref
1 19.92 Frankie Fredericks  Namibia 18 February 1996 Liévin [23]
2 20.02 Elijah Hall  United States 10 March 2018 College Station [24]
3 20.08 Divine Oduduru  Nigeria 23 February 2019 Lubbock [25]
4 20.10 Wallace Spearmon  United States 12 March 2005 Fayetteville
5 20.11 Christian Coleman  United States 11 March 2017 College Station [26]
6 20.19 Trayvon Bromell  United States 14 March 2015 Fayetteville [27]
7 20.25 Linford Christie  United Kingdom 19 February 1995 Liévin
8 20.26 Obadele Thompson  Barbados 6 March 1999 Maebashi
Shawn Crawford  United States 10 March 2000 Fayetteville
John Capel  United States 10 March 2000 Fayetteville
Andre De Grasse  Canada 14 March 2015 Fayetteville [27]
12 20.27 Walter Dix  United States 10 March 2006 Fayetteville
13 20.30 Xavier Carter  United States 10 March 2006 Fayetteville
Kenny Bednarek  United States 2 February 2019 Lincoln [28]
15 20.31 Coby Miller  United States 2 March 2001 Atlanta
Jereem Richards  Trinidad and Tobago 11 March 2017 College Station [26]
17 20.32 Rohsaan Griffin  United States 27 February 1999 Atlanta
Kevin Little  United States 5 March 1999 Maebashi
20.32 A Diondre Batson  United States 14 March 2014 Albuquerque
20 20.34 A Dedric Dukes  United States 14 March 2014 Albuquerque
20.34 Rai Benjamin  Antigua and Barbuda 10 March 2018 College Station [24]
22 20.35 Ato Boldon  Trinidad and Tobago 23 February 1997 Birmingham
23 20.36 Bruno Marie-Rose  France 22 February 1987 Liévin
Derrick Thompson  United States 8 March 1996 Indianapolis
Rubin Williams  United States 14 March 2008 Fayetteville
Just'n Thymes  United States 11 March 2017 College Station [29]

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 20.22:

Women (indoor)

  • Updated 12 December 2018.[30]
Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Location Ref
1 21.87 Merlene Ottey  Jamaica 13 February 1993 Liévin
2 22.10 Irina Privalova  Russia 19 February 1995 Liévin
3 22.27 Heike Drechsler  East Germany 7 March 1987 Indianapolis
4 22.33 Gwen Torrence  United States 2 March 1996 Atlanta
5 22.38 Veronica Campbell-Brown  Jamaica 18 February 2005 Birmingham
Gabrielle Thomas  United States 10 March 2018 College Station [24]
7 22.39 Marita Koch  East Germany 5 March 1983 Budapest
Ionela Tirlea  Romania 6 March 1999 Maebashi
9 22.40 Bianca Knight  United States 14 March 2008 Fayetteville
10 22.41 Galina Malchugina  Russia 13 March 1994 Paris
Ashley Henderson  United States 10 March 2018 College Station [24]
12 22.42 Ariana Washington  United States 11 March 2017 College Station [26]
13 22.43 Svetlana Goncharenko  Russia 22 February 1998 Liévin
14 22.45 Felicia Brown  United States 26 February 2016 Fayetteville
15 22.49 Muriel Hurtis  France 14 March 2003 Birmingham
Muna Lee  United States 14 March 2003 Fayetteville
Sanya Richards-Ross  United States 12 March 2004 Fayetteville
18 22.50 Melanie Paschke  Germany 1 March 1998 Valencia
Kamaria Brown  United States 1 March 2014 College Station
20 22.52 Nanceen Perry  United States 13 February 2000 Liévin
Jenna Prandini  United States 13 March 2015 Fayetteville
22 22.53 Hannah Cunliffe  United States 11 March 2017 College Station [26]
23 22.54 Kimberlyn Duncan  United States 24 February 2013 Fayetteville
Deanna Hill  United States 11 March 2017 College Station [31]
25 22.55 Lynna Irby  United States 10 March 2018 College Station [24]

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 22.45:

Olympic medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris
Walter Tewksbury
 United States
Norman Pritchard
 India
Stan Rowley
 Australia
1904 St. Louis
Archie Hahn
 United States
Nate Cartmell
 United States
William Hogenson
 United States
1908 London
Robert Kerr
 Canada
Robert Cloughen
 United States
Nate Cartmell
 United States
1912 Stockholm
Ralph Craig
 United States
Donald Lippincott
 United States
Willie Applegarth
 Great Britain
1920 Antwerp
Allen Woodring
 United States
Charley Paddock
 United States
Harry Edward
 Great Britain
1924 Paris
Jackson Scholz
 United States
Charley Paddock
 United States
Eric Liddell
 Great Britain
1928 Amsterdam
Percy Williams
 Canada
Walter Rangeley
 Great Britain
Helmut Körnig
 Germany
1932 Los Angeles
Eddie Tolan
 United States
George Simpson
 United States
Ralph Metcalfe
 United States
1936 Berlin
Jesse Owens
 United States
Mack Robinson
 United States
Tinus Osendarp
 Netherlands
1948 London
Mel Patton
 United States
Barney Ewell
 United States
Lloyd LaBeach
 Panama
1952 Helsinki
Andy Stanfield
 United States
Thane Baker
 United States
James Gathers
 United States
1956 Melbourne
Bobby Morrow
 United States
Andy Stanfield
 United States
Thane Baker
 United States
1960 Rome
Livio Berruti
 Italy
Lester Carney
 United States
Abdoulaye Seye
 France
1964 Tokyo
Henry Carr
 United States
Paul Drayton
 United States
Edwin Roberts
 Trinidad and Tobago
1968 Mexico City
Tommie Smith
 United States
Peter Norman
 Australia
John Carlos
 United States
1972 Munich
Valeriy Borzov
 Soviet Union
Larry Black
 United States
Pietro Mennea
 Italy
1976 Montreal
Don Quarrie
 Jamaica
Millard Hampton
 United States
Dwayne Evans
 United States
1980 Moscow
Pietro Mennea
 Italy
Allan Wells
 Great Britain
Don Quarrie
 Jamaica
1984 Los Angeles
Carl Lewis
 United States
Kirk Baptiste
 United States
Thomas Jefferson
 United States
1988 Seoul
Joe DeLoach
 United States
Carl Lewis
 United States
Robson da Silva
 Brazil
1992 Barcelona
Michael Marsh
 United States
Frankie Fredericks
 Namibia
Michael Bates
 United States
1996 Atlanta
Michael Johnson
 United States
Frankie Fredericks
 Namibia
Ato Boldon
 Trinidad and Tobago
2000 Sydney
Konstantinos Kenteris
 Greece
Darren Campbell
 Great Britain
Ato Boldon
 Trinidad and Tobago
2004 Athens
Shawn Crawford
 United States
Bernard Williams
 United States
Justin Gatlin
 United States
2008 Beijing
Usain Bolt
 Jamaica
Shawn Crawford
 United States
Walter Dix
 United States
2012 London
Usain Bolt
 Jamaica
Yohan Blake
 Jamaica
Warren Weir
 Jamaica
2016 Rio
Usain Bolt
 Jamaica
Andre De Grasse
 Canada
Christophe Lemaitre
 France

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1948 London
Fanny Blankers-Koen
 Netherlands
Audrey Williamson
 Great Britain
Audrey Patterson
 United States
1952 Helsinki
Marjorie Jackson
 Australia
Bertha Brouwer
 Netherlands
Nadezhda Khnykina-Dvalishvili
 Soviet Union
1956 Melbourne
Betty Cuthbert
 Australia
Christa Stubnick
 United Team of Germany
Marlene Mathews
 Australia
1960 Rome
Wilma Rudolph
 United States
Jutta Heine
 United Team of Germany
Dorothy Hyman
 Great Britain
1964 Tokyo
Edith McGuire
 United States
Irena Kirszenstein
 Poland
Marilyn Black
 Australia
1968 Mexico City
Irena Szewińska
 Poland
Raelene Boyle
 Australia
Jenny Lamy
 Australia
1972 Munich
Renate Stecher
 East Germany
Raelene Boyle
 Australia
Irena Szewińska
 Poland
1976 Montreal
Bärbel Eckert
 East Germany
Annegret Richter
 West Germany
Renate Stecher
 East Germany
1980 Moscow
Bärbel Wöckel
 East Germany
Natalya Bochina
 Soviet Union
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
1984 Los Angeles
Valerie Brisco-Hooks
 United States
Florence Griffith
 United States
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
1988 Seoul
Florence Griffith-Joyner
 United States
Grace Jackson
 Jamaica
Heike Drechsler
 East Germany
1992 Barcelona
Gwen Torrence
 United States
Juliet Cuthbert
 Jamaica
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
1996 Atlanta
Marie-José Pérec
 France
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
Mary Onyali
 Nigeria
2000 Sydney
Pauline Davis-Thompson
 Bahamas
Susanthika Jayasinghe
 Sri Lanka
Beverly McDonald
 Jamaica
2004 Athens
Veronica Campbell
 Jamaica
Allyson Felix
 United States
Debbie Ferguson
 Bahamas
2008 Beijing
Veronica Campbell-Brown
 Jamaica
Allyson Felix
 United States
Kerron Stewart
 Jamaica
2012 London
Allyson Felix
 United States
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
 Jamaica
Carmelita Jeter
 United States
2016 Rio de Janeiro
Elaine Thompson
 Jamaica
Dafne Schippers
 Netherlands
Tori Bowie
 United States

World Championships medalists

Men

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
 Calvin Smith (USA)  Elliott Quow (USA)  Pietro Mennea (ITA)
1987 Rome
 Calvin Smith (USA)  Gilles Quénéhervé (FRA)  John Regis (GBR)
1991 Tokyo
 Michael Johnson (USA)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Atlee Mahorn (CAN)
1993 Stuttgart
 Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  John Regis (GBR)  Carl Lewis (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
 Michael Johnson (USA)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Jeff Williams (USA)
1997 Athens
 Ato Boldon (TRI)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Claudinei da Silva (BRA)
1999 Seville
 Maurice Greene (USA)  Claudinei da Silva (BRA)  Francis Obikwelu (NGR)
2001 Edmonton
 Konstantinos Kenteris (GRE)  Christopher Williams (JAM)  Shawn Crawford (USA)
2003 Saint-Denis
 John Capel (USA)  Darvis Patton (USA)  Shingo Suetsugu (JPN)
2005 Helsinki
 Justin Gatlin (USA)  Wallace Spearmon (USA)  John Capel (USA)
2007 Osaka
 Tyson Gay (USA)  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Wallace Spearmon (USA)
2009 Berlin
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Alonso Edward (PAN)  Wallace Spearmon (USA)
2011 Daegu
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Walter Dix (USA)  Christophe Lemaitre (FRA)
2013 Moscow
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Warren Weir (JAM)  Curtis Mitchell (USA)
2015 Beijing
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Anaso Jobodwana (RSA)
2017 London
 Ramil Guliyev (TUR)  Wayde van Niekerk (RSA)  Jereem Richards (TTO)

Women

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
 Marita Koch (GDR)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Kathy Smallwood-Cook (GBR)
1987 Rome
 Silke Gladisch (GDR)  Florence Griffith-Joyner (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1991 Tokyo
 Katrin Krabbe (GER)  Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1993 Stuttgart
 Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Gwen Torrence (USA)  Irina Privalova (RUS)
1995 Gothenburg
 Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Irina Privalova (RUS)  Galina Malchugina (RUS)
1997 Athens
 Zhanna Pintusevich-Block (UKR)  Susanthika Jayasinghe (SRI)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1999 Seville
 Inger Miller (USA)  Beverly McDonald (JAM)  Merlene Frazer (JAM)
 Andrea Philipp (GER)
2001 Edmonton
 Debbie Ferguson (BAH)  LaTasha Jenkins (USA)  Cydonie Mothersille (CAY)
2003 Saint-Denis
 Anastasiya Kapachinskaya (RUS)  Torri Edwards (USA)  Muriel Hurtis (FRA)
2005 Helsinki
 Allyson Felix (USA)  Rachelle Boone-Smith (USA)  Christine Arron (FRA)
2007 Osaka
 Allyson Felix (USA)  Veronica Campbell (JAM)  Susanthika Jayasinghe (SRI)
2009 Berlin
 Allyson Felix (USA)  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Debbie Ferguson-McKenzie (BAH)
2011 Daegu
 Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)  Allyson Felix (USA)
2013 Moscow
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Murielle Ahouré (CIV)  Blessing Okagbare (NGR)
2015 Beijing
 Dafne Schippers (NED)  Elaine Thompson (JAM)  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)
2017 London
 Dafne Schippers (NED)  Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)  Shaunae Miller-Uibo (BAH)

World Indoor Championships medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]  Aleksandr Yevgenyev (URS)  Ade Mafe (GBR)  João Batista da Silva (BRA)
1987 Indianapolis
 Kirk Baptiste (USA)  Bruno Marie-Rose (FRA)  Robson da Silva (BRA)
1989 Budapest
 John Regis (GBR)  Ade Mafe (GBR)  Kevin Little (USA)
1991 Seville
 Nikolay Antonov (BUL)  Linford Christie (GBR)  Ade Mafe (GBR)
1993 Toronto
 James Trapp (USA)  Damien Marsh (AUS)  Kevin Little (USA)
1995 Barcelona
 Geir Moen (NOR)  Troy Douglas (BER)  Sebastián Keitel (CHI)
1997 Paris
 Kevin Little (USA)  Iván García (CUB)  Francis Obikwelu (NGR)
1999 Maebashi
 Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Obadele Thompson (BAR)  Kevin Little (USA)
2001 Lisbon
 Shawn Crawford (USA)  Christian Malcolm (GBR)  Patrick van Balkom (NED)
2003 Birmingham
 Marlon Devonish (GBR)  Joseph Batangdon (CMR)  Dominic Demeritte (BAH)
2004 Budapest
 Dominic Demeritte (BAH)  Johan Wissman (SWE)  Tobias Unger (GER)

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]  Marita Koch (GDR)  Marie-Christine Cazier (FRA)  Kim Robertson (NZL)
1987 Indianapolis
 Heike Drechsler (GDR)  Merlene Ottey-Page (JAM)  Grace Jackson (JAM)
1989 Budapest
 Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Grace Jackson (JAM)  Natalya Kovtun (URS)
1991 Seville
 Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Irina Sergeyeva (URS)  Grit Breuer (GER)
1993 Toronto
 Irina Privalova (RUS)  Melinda Gainsford (AUS)  Natalya Voronova (RUS)
1995 Barcelona
 Melinda Gainsford (AUS)  Pauline Davis (BAH)  Natalya Voronova (RUS)
1997 Paris
 Ekaterini Koffa (GRE)  Juliet Cuthbert (JAM)  Svetlana Goncharenko (RUS)
1999 Maebashi
 Ionela Târlea (ROU)  Svetlana Goncharenko (RUS)  Pauline Davis (BAH)
2001 Lisbon
 Juliet Campbell (JAM)  LaTasha Jenkins (USA)  Natalya Vinogradova-Safronnikova (BLR)
2003 Birmingham
 Muriel Hurtis-Houairi (FRA)  Anastasiya Kapachinskaya (RUS)  Juliet Campbell (JAM)
2004 Budapest
 Natallia Safronnikava (BLR)  Svetlana Goncharenko (RUS)  Karin Mayr-Krifka (AUT)
  • A Known as the World Indoor Games

Season's best

Year Time Wind Athlete Date Place
1966 20.14yh +0.1  Tommie Smith (USA) 11 June Sacramento
1967 20.14Ay +0.9  Tommie Smith (USA) 17 June Provo
1968 19.83A +0.9  Tommie Smith (USA) 16 October Mexico City
1969 20.24Ah +0.4  John Carlos (USA) 12 September South Lake Tahoe
1970 20.42yh +0.3  John Carlos (USA) 17 March Melbourne
1971 19.86A +1.0  Donald Quarrie (JAM) 3 August Cali
1972 20.00 +0.0  Valeriy Borzov (URS) 4 September Munich
1973 20.33y +0.0  Steve Williams (USA) 16 June Bakersfield
1974 20.06 +0.4  Donald Quarrie (JAM) 16 August Zurich
1975 20.04h +1.3  Donald Quarrie (JAM) 7 June Eugene
1976 20.10 +1.7  Millard Hampton (USA) 22 June Eugene
1977 20.08A +0.1  Silvio Leonard (CUB) 12 August Guadalajara
1978 20.03 +1.6  Clancy Edwards (USA) 29 April Westwood
1979 19.72A +1.8  Pietro Mennea (ITA) 12 September Mexico City
1980 19.96 +0.0  Pietro Mennea (ITA) 17 August Barletta
1981 20.20 +1.4  James Sanford (USA) 10 May Westwood
1982 20.15A +0.3  Mike Miller (USA) 2 June Provo
1983 19.75 +1.5  Carl Lewis (USA) 19 June Indianapolis
1984 19.80 -0.9  Carl Lewis (USA) 8 August Los Angeles
1985 20.07 +1.5  Lorenzo Daniel (USA) 18 May Starkville
1986 20.12 +0.6  Floyd Heard (USA) 7 July Moscow
1987 19.92 +1.3  Carl Lewis (USA) 4 May Madrid
1988 19.75 +1.7  Joe DeLoach (USA) 28 August Seoul
1989 19.96 +0.4  Robson da Silva (BRA) 25 August Brussels
1990 19.85 +0.4  Michael Johnson (USA) 6 July Edinburgh
1991 19.88 -0.9  Michael Johnson (USA) 20 September Barcelona
1992 19.73 -0.2  Michael Marsh (USA) 5 August Barcelona
1993 19.85 +0.3  Frank Fredericks (NAM) 20 August Stuttgart
1994 19.87A +1.8  John Regis (GBR) 31 July Sestriere
1995 19.79 +0.5  Michael Johnson (USA) 11 August Gothenburg
1996 19.32 +0.4  Michael Johnson (USA) 1 August Atlanta
1997 19.77 +0.7  Ato Boldon (TRI) 13 July Stuttgart
1998 19.88 -0.4  Ato Boldon (TRI) 17 June Athens
1999 19.84 +1.7  Francis Obikwelu (NGR) 25 August Sevilla
2000 19.71A +1.8  Michael Johnson (USA) 18 March Pietersburg
2001 19.88 +0.1  Joshua J. Johnson (USA) 24 August Brussels
2002 19.85A +0.0  Shawn Crawford (USA) 12 April Pretoria
-0.5  Konstadínos Kedéris (GRE) 9 August Munich
2003 20.01 +0.3  Bernard Williams (USA) 11 July Rome
2004 19.79 +1.2  Shawn Crawford (USA) 26 August Athens
2005 19.89 +1.8  Wallace Spearmon (USA) 22 July London
2006 19.63 +0.4  Xavier Carter (USA) 11 July Lausanne
2007 19.62 -0.3  Tyson Gay (USA) 24 June Indianapolis
2008 19.30 -0.9  Usain Bolt (JAM) 20 August Beijing
2009 19.19 -0.3  Usain Bolt (JAM) 20 August Berlin
2010 19.56 -0.8  Usain Bolt (JAM) 1 May Kingston
2011 19.26 +0.7  Yohan Blake (JAM) 16 September Brussels
2012 19.32 +0.4  Usain Bolt (JAM) 9 August London
2013 19.66 +0.0  Usain Bolt (JAM) 17 August Moscow
2014 19.68 -0.5  Justin Gatlin (USA) 18 July Monaco
2015 19.55 -0.1  Usain Bolt (JAM) 27 August Beijing
2016 19.74 +1.4  Lashawn Merritt (USA) 8 July Eugene
2017 19.77 0.0  Isaac Makwala (BOT) 14 July Madrid
2018 19.65 +0.9  Noah Lyles (USA) 20 July Monaco
Year Time Wind Athlete Date Place
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970 22.62 +0.8  Chi Cheng (ROC) 12 July Munich
1971 22.70 +0.0  Renate Stecher (GDR) 13 August Helsinki
1972 22.40 +1.1  Renate Stecher (GDR) 7 September Munich
1973 22.38 +1.6  Renate Stecher (GDR) 21 July Dresden
1974 22.21 +1.9  Irena Szewinska (POL) 13 June Potsdam
1975 22.44 N/A  Renate Stecher (GDR) 10 August Potsdam
1976 22.37 +0.0  Bärbel Wöckel (GDR) 24 August Zurich
1977 22.37 +0.8  Irena Szewinska (POL) 24 August Zurich
1978 22.06 +1.2  Marita Koch (GDR) 28 May Erfurt
1979 21.71 +0.7  Marita Koch (GDR) 6 June Karl-Marx-Stadt
1980 22.01 +0.6  Bärbel Wöckel (GDR) 18 July Cottbus
1981 21.84 -1.1  Evelyn Ashford (USA) 28 August Brussels
1982 21.76 +0.3  Marita Koch (GDR) 3 July Dresden
1983 21.82 +1.3  Marita Koch (GDR) 18 June Karl-Marx-Stadt
1984 21.71 +0.3  Marita Koch (GDR) 21 July Potsdam
1985 21.78 -1.3  Marita Koch (GDR) 11 August Leipzig
1986 21.71 +1.2  Heike Drechsler (GDR) 29 June Jena
-0.7  Heike Drechsler (GDR) 29 August Stuttgart
1987 21.74 +1.3  Silke Möller (GDR) 3 September Roma
1988 21.34 +1.3  Florence Griffith-Joyner (USA) 29 August Seoul
1989 22.04A +0.7  Dawn Sowell (USA) 2 June Provo
1990 21.66 -1.0  Merlene Ottey (JAM) 15 August Zurich
1991 21.64 +0.8  Merlene Ottey (JAM) 13 September Brussels
1992 21.72 -0.1  Gwen Torrence (USA) 5 August Barcelona
1993 21.77 +1.0  Merlene Ottey (JAM) 7 August Monaco
1994 21.85 -0.8  Gwen Torrence (USA) 12 August Durham
1995 21.77 -0.3  Gwen Torrence (USA) 18 August Cologne
1996 22.07 +0.4  Marie-José Pérec (FRA) 1 August Atlanta
-0.1  Mary Onyali (NGR) 14 August Zürich
1997 21.76 -0.8  Marion Jones (USA) 13 August Zürich
1998 21.62A -0.6  Marion Jones (USA) 11 September Johannesburg
1999 21.77 +0.6  Inger Miller (USA) 27 August Sevilla
2000 21.94 +1.8  Marion Jones (USA) 23 July Sacramento
2001 22.39 +1.8  LaTasha Jenkins (USA) 23 June Eugene
-0.3  Debbie Ferguson-McKenzie (BAH) 9 August Edmonton
2002 22.20 +0.0  Debbie Ferguson-McKenzie (BAH) 29 July Manchester
2003 22.11A -0.5  Allyson Felix (USA) 3 May Mexico City
2004 22.05 +0.8  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM) 25 August Athens
2005 22.13 +0.3  Allyson Felix (USA) 26 June Carson
2006 22.00 +1.3  Sherone Simpson (JAM) 25 June Kingston
-0.3  Sherone Simpson (JAM) 25 July Stockholm
2007 21.81 +1.7  Allyson Felix (USA) 31 August Osaka
2008 21.74 +0.6  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM) 21 August Beijing
2009 21.88 +1.3  Allyson Felix (USA) 31 July Stockholm
2010 21.98 +1.4  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM) 12 June New York City
2011 22.15 +1.0  Shalonda Solomon (USA) 26 June Eugene
2012 21.69 +1.0  Allyson Felix (USA) 30 June Eugene
2013 22.13 +1.0  Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM) 23 June Kingston
2014 22.02 +0.1  Allyson Felix (USA) 5 September Brussels
2015 21.63 +0.2  Dafne Schippers (NED) 28 August Beijing
2016 21.78 -0.1  Elaine Thompson (JAM) 17 August Rio de Janeiro
2017 21.77 +1.5  Tori Bowie (USA) 27 May Eugene
2018 21.89 +0.2  Dina Asher-Smith (GBR) 11 August Berlin

References

  1. ^ "Converting Times from English to Metric Distances". National Federation of State High School Associations. Archived from the original on 16 March 2008. Retrieved 26 December 2007.
  2. ^ "Men's outdoor 200 Metres | Records". iaaf.org. IAAF. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Women's outdoor 200 Metres | Records". iaaf.org. IAAF. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  4. ^ "All-time men's best 200m outdoor". alltime-athletics.com. 1 September 2018. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  5. ^ Layden, Tim (31 August 2009). "Bolt Strikes Twice". si.com. Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Yohan Blake and Usain Bolt star in Brussels". bbc.com. BBC. 16 September 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  7. ^ "200m Dash Results". flashresults.com. 28 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  8. ^ "200m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  9. ^ "200m Semifinal 1 Results". asaseniors18.co.za. 16 March 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  10. ^ Roy Jordan (9 July 2016). "Rollins wins 100m hurdles showdown at US Olympic Trials". IAAF. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
  11. ^ Brent Stubbs (7 April 2018). "Gardiner Breaks 200m National Record In Miami". tribune242.com. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  12. ^ "200m Men Final Results" (PDF). EAA. 9 August 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  13. ^ "Meeting Madrid 2017 Results" (PDF). RFEA. 14 July 2017. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  14. ^ "200m Semifinal 1 Results" (PDF). results.toronto2015.org. 23 July 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  15. ^ "Men's 200m Semifinal 2 Results" (PDF). Rio 2016 official website. 17 August 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  16. ^ "All-time women's best 200m outdoor". IAAF. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  17. ^ a b "200m Results". IAAF. 28 August 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  18. ^ Ed Gordon (1 July 2012). "Marritt hurdles world-leading 12.93, Felix blazes 21.69 in Eugene – U.S. Olympic Trials, Day 7". IAAF. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  19. ^ "200m Results". IAAF. 27 May 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  20. ^ "200m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 24 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  21. ^ "Women's 200m Results" (PDF). European Athletics. 11 August 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  22. ^ "Records & Lists - All Time Top Lists - Senior Indoor 200 Metres Men". iaaf.org. IAAF. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  23. ^ "Men's 200m". www.alltime-athletics.com.
  24. ^ a b c d e Roy Jordan (10 March 2018). "Norman breaks world indoor 400m record at NCAA Indoor Championships". IAAF. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  25. ^ Don Williams (23 February 2019). "Texas Tech men win Big 12 track title in a runaway". lubbockonline.com. Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  26. ^ a b c d Jon Mulkeen (12 March 2017). "Coleman speeds to sprint double at NCAA Indoor Championships". IAAF. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  27. ^ a b "200m Dash Results". ncaa.com. 14 March 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  28. ^ "Indoor round-up: Combined events world leads for Van der Plaetsen and Maudens, Mihambo leaps 6.99m in Berlin". IAAF. 2 February 2019. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  29. ^ "200m Dash Results". ncaa.com. 11 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  30. ^ "All Time Top Lists - Senior Indoor 200 Metres Women". iaaf.org. IAAF. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  31. ^ "200m Results". ncaa.com. 11 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.

External links

2015 World Championships in Athletics – Men's 200 metres

The men's 200 metres at the 2015 World Championships in Athletics was held at the Beijing National Stadium on 25, 26 and 27 August.

2017 World Championships in Athletics – Men's 200 metres

The men's 200 metres at the 2017 World Championships in Athletics was held at the London Olympic Stadium on 7, 9, and 10 August.

4 × 200 metres relay

The 4 × 200 metres relay is an athletics track event in which teams comprise four runners who each complete 200 metres or half a lap on a standard 400 metre track. The event is a world record eligible event, but is not a standard event at most track meets, though certain leagues regularly conduct this event as part of their program.

Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metres

The men's 200 metres was a track and field athletics event held as part of the Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics programme. It was the fourth appearance of the event, which has appeared at every edition of the Summer Olympics since the 1900 Summer Olympics. The competition was held on July 10, 1912, and on July 11, 1912. 61 runners from 19 nations competed.

Athletics at the 1988 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metres

The Men's 200 metres at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea had an entrylist of 76 competitors, with ten qualifying heats (76), five second-round races (40) and two semi-finals (16), before the final (8) took off on Wednesday September 28, 1988.

Athletics at the 1992 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metres

These are the official results of the men's 200 metres event at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. There were a total number of 80 participating athletes, with eleven qualifying heats.

Athletics at the 1992 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metres

These are the official results of the women's 200 metres event at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. There were a total number of 52 participating athletes, with seven qualifying heats.

Athletics at the 2004 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metres

The men's 200 metres at the 2004 Summer Olympics as part of the athletics program were held at the Athens Olympic Stadium from August 24 to 26.The top four runners in each of the initial seven heats automatically qualified for the second round. The next four fastest runners from across the heats also qualified. Those 32 runners competed in four heats in the second round, with the top three runners from each heat and the four next fastest runners qualifying for the semifinals. There were two semifinal heats, and only the top four from each heat advanced to the final.

Barely turned eighteen, Usain Bolt came to the Olympics injured and was not able to compete at the level he had achieved earlier in the season. He was eliminated in the heats in his only Olympic defeat. He would eventually go on to win triple gold at the Beijing, London and Rio Olympics.

The final pool looked similar to the 100 metres final pool, with the favorites, Justin Gatlin, Francis Obikwelu and Shawn Crawford in the center of the track. Bernard Williams also was in the final, along with perennial silver medalist Frankie Fredericks. From the gun, Williams near the inside got a clearly better start, quickly making up a step on the stagger to Crawford to his outside. But through the turn, Crawford maintained the distance while running the further distance. Crawford and Gatlin ran about even last portion of the turn looked more powerful than Williams and Gatlin on either side. By the end of the turn, it was the three Americans in the lead, led by Crawford, Obikwelu the closest challenger a step behind. Crawford separated from Gatlin at the head of the straight and the race was for second. Gatlin held the edge down the straight until the last ten metres when Gatlin seemed to struggle and Williams cruised to silver. Next to last at the beginning of the straight, veteran Fredericks gained steadily and was able to dip past Obikwelu for fourth, but not enough to break up the American sweep.

Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metres

The Men's 200 metres at the 2008 Summer Olympics took place on 18–20 August at the Beijing National Stadium.The qualifying standards were 20.59 s (A standard) and 20.75 s (B standard).Usain Bolt set a new world record of 19.30 s in the final, and won by the largest margin of victory (0.66 s, after two disqualifications) in an Olympic 200 m final (previously, Walter Tewksbury had a 0.6 seconds margin of victory in the first Olympic 200 m final in 1900).

Controversy arose within minutes after the medal race when Wallace Spearmon, who had finished third in 19.95 s, was disqualified for stepping out of his lane.

United States officials filed a protest, but withdrew it after seeing the video and noticing that silver medalist Churandy Martina (19.82 s), who had been celebrating the second ever Olympic medal for the Netherlands Antilles, also stepped out of his lane.

They filed an appeal to disqualify Martina, which after more than an hour of deliberation was granted, and the United States obtained both the silver and bronze medals. On March 6, 2009, the Court of Arbitration for Sport rejected an appeal by the National Olympic Committee of the Netherlands Antilles against Martina's disqualification. Shawn Crawford, who had been awarded the Olympic silver medal, reportedly gave his medal to Martina on August 28, 2008 in a tremendous show of sportsmanship.

Athletics at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metres

The men's 200 metres competition at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, United Kingdom was held at the Olympic Stadium on 7–9 August.The semi-final round showed all three Jamaican athletes were the class of the field. In heat one, Yohan Blake had a huge lead and relaxed down the straightaway, almost too much as Wallace Spearmon and Christophe Lemaitre raced to the line behind him in the fastest heat of the day. Usain Bolt dominated the second heat, jogging and looking around for non-existent challengers down the straight. And in heat three, Warren Weir was running easily, easing up at the finish to let Churandy Martina take the first spot, knowing he had qualified in the second position. Slowest qualifier Alex Quiñónez, racing hard for his 20.37, was on the opposite side of a clear dividing line in the field.

In the final, Bolt, who was in lane 7, moved past his Jamaican teammate Weir after only 50 metres; coming off the bend and onto the final 100-metre straight, Bolt's lead over the rest of the field had grown to several metres, however Blake began to pull him back. Due to the lead he had built in the first 120 meters, it was Bolt who crossed the line first in a time of 19.32, already easing off before the line. In doing so, he became the first man in history to do the "double double" – winning both the 100 and 200 metres twice, back to back (he would later break this record by winning the 4 × 100 m relay and completing the Double Triple, at the same Olympics). Blake took the silver medal, as he had done in the 100 metres final, again behind Bolt. His time was the fastest ever time to not win a gold medal. Weir completed the 1–2–3 sweep for the Jamaicans by winning the bronze medal, the second time in any international competition that Jamaica has achieved this (after the women did it in the 2008 100 metres).Bolt's time of 19.32 was coincidentally the time he had beaten when he first broke the 200 metres world record at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, set by Michael Johnson at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics 200 metres.The final was only the third time since 1928 (the others being the 1980 Olympics in Moscow which they boycotted, and also the 2000 Olympics in Sydney) that the United States failed to win a medal in the men's 200 metres, Wallace Spearmon finishing fourth with a time of 19.90, 6/100 second outside a medal placing.

Athletics at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metres

The Women's 200 metres competition at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, United Kingdom. The event was held at the Olympic Stadium on 6–8 August.The times in the three semi-finals were very close, but while Allyson Felix appeared to put a minimum of effort to hold off Murielle Ahouré in heat two, in heat one Veronica Campbell-Brown dipped at the finish to edge Carmelita Jeter and in heat three Sanya Richards-Ross raced Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce to the line. Semoy Hackett set the Trinidad and Tobago national record as the first time qualifier, Myriam Soumaré only one hundredth behind as the other time qualifier in 22.56.

In the final Felix took lead through the turn and extended it to the finish. Campbell-Brown was second coming into the straight but was overtaken by Fraser-Pryce and Jeter who took the silver and bronze respectively.

Athletics at the 2016 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metres

The men's 200 metres event at the 2016 Summer Olympics took place between 16–18 August in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, at the Olympic Stadium.

Athletics at the 2016 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metres

The women's 200 metres competition at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The event was held at the Olympic Stadium between 15–17 August.

Frankie Fredericks

Frank "Frankie" Fredericks (born 2 October 1967) is a former track and field athlete from Namibia. Running in the 100 metres and 200 metres, he won four silver medals at the Olympic Games (two in 1992 and two in 1996), making him Namibia's so far only Olympic medalist. He also won gold medals at the World Championships, World Indoor Championships, All-Africa Games and Commonwealth Games. He is the world indoor record-holder for 200 metres, with a time of 19.92 seconds set in 1996.

Fredericks has broken 20 seconds for the 200 metres 24 times. He also holds the third-fastest non-winning time for the 200 metres. In August 1996, Fredericks ran 19.68 seconds in the Olympic final in Atlanta, Georgia.

He is also the oldest man to have broken 20 seconds for the 200 metres. On 12 July 2002 in Rome, Fredericks won the 200 metres in a time of 19.99 seconds at the age of 34 years 283 days. He is currently serving as a council member in the IAAF.

On March 3, 2017, Fredericks was implicated in the IAAF corruption scandal, stemming from a large cash payment he received in 2009.

Jamaica at the Olympics

Jamaica first participated at the Olympic Games in 1948, and has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games since then. In 1960, Jamaican athletes competed as part of the West Indies Federation team.

Jamaica has also participated in the Winter Olympic Games since 1988, with the Jamaica national bobsleigh team achieving some fame.

Jamaican athletes have won a total of 78 medals, with all but one medal won in athletics, and all but three of those in the individual and relay sprint events.

The National Olympic Committee for Jamaica is the Jamaica Olympic Association, and was founded in 1936.

List of Olympic medalists in swimming (men)

This is the complete list of men's Olympic medalists in swimming.

List of Olympic medalists in swimming (women)

This is the complete list of women's Olympic medalists in swimming.

Medley swimming

Medley is a combination of four different swimming styles—butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, and freestyle—into one race. This race is either swum by one swimmer as individual medley (IM) or by four swimmers as a medley relay.

Usain Bolt

Usain St Leo Bolt (; born 21 August 1986) is a Jamaican retired sprinter. He also is a world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres and 4 × 100 metres relay. His reign as Olympic Games champion in all of these events spans three Olympics. Owing to his achievements and dominance in sprint competition, he is widely considered to be the greatest sprinter of all time.A nine-time Olympic gold medalist, Bolt won the 100 m, 200 m and 4 × 100 m relay at three consecutive Olympic Games, although he lost the 2008 relay gold medal about nine years after due to a teammate's doping disqualification. He gained worldwide fame for his double sprint victory in world record times at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, which made him the first person to hold both records since fully automatic time became mandatory. Bolt is the only sprinter to win Olympic 100 m and 200 m titles at three consecutive Olympics (2008, 2012 and 2016).

An eleven-time World Champion, he won consecutive World Championship 100 m, 200 m and 4 × 100 metres relay gold medals from 2009 to 2015, with the exception of a 100 m false start in 2011. He is the most successful athlete of the World Championships, was the first athlete to win four World Championship titles in the 200 m and is the joint-most successful in the 100 m with three titles.

Bolt improved upon his second 100 m world record of 9.69 with 9.58 seconds in 2009 – the biggest improvement since the start of electronic timing. He has twice broken the 200 metres world record, setting 19.30 in 2008 and 19.19 in 2009. He has helped Jamaica to three 4 × 100 metres relay world records, with the current record being 36.84 seconds set in 2012. Bolt's most successful event is the 200 m, with three Olympic and four World titles. The 2008 Olympics was his international debut over 100 m; he had earlier won numerous 200 m medals (including 2007 World Championship silver) and holds the world under-20 and world under-18 records for the event.

His achievements as a sprinter have earned him the media nickname "Lightning Bolt", and his awards include the IAAF World Athlete of the Year, Track & Field Athlete of the Year, BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year (three times) and Laureus World Sportsman of the Year (four times). Bolt retired after the 2017 World Championships, when he finished third in his last solo 100 m race, opted out of the 200m, and pulled up in the 4×100m relay final.

Stating that it was his "dream" to play professional association football, in August 2018 Bolt began training with Australian football A-League club the Central Coast Mariners as a left-winger. On 12 October 2018, Bolt scored twice for the team in a friendly match.

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