2008 Pulitzer Prize

The 2008 Pulitzer Prizes were announced on April 7, 2008, the 92nd annual awards.[1]

The Washington Post won six awards, second only to the seven won by The New York Times in 2002. Three organizations were awarded prizes for the first time: Reuters, Investor's Business Daily and the Concord Monitor. No prize was given for editorial writing.[2]


Public service The Washington Post " ... for the work of Dana Priest, Anne Hull and photographer Michel du Cille in exposing mistreatment of wounded veterans at Walter Reed Hospital, evoking a national outcry and producing reforms by federal officials." Original series
Breaking news reporting The Washington Post " ... for its exceptional, multi-faceted coverage of the deadly shooting rampage at Virginia Tech, telling the developing story in print and online." Original series
Investigative reporting Walt Bogdanich and Jake Hooker of The New York Times " ... for their stories on toxic ingredients in medicine and other everyday products imported from China, leading to crackdowns by American and Chinese officials." Original series
Investigative reporting Chicago Tribune " ... for its exposure of faulty governmental regulation of toys, car seats and cribs, resulting in the extensive recall of hazardous products and congressional action to tighten supervision." Original series
Explanatory reporting Amy Harmon of The New York Times " ... for her striking examination of the dilemmas and ethical issues that accompany DNA testing, using human stories to sharpen her reports." Original series
Local reporting David Umhoefer of the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel " ... for his stories on the skirting of tax laws to pad pensions of county employees, prompting change and possible prosecution of key figures." Original article
National reporting Jo Becker and Barton Gellman of The Washington Post " ... for their lucid exploration of Vice President Dick Cheney and his powerful yet sometimes disguised influence on national policy." Original series
International reporting Steve Fainaru of The Washington Post " ... for his heavily reported series on private security contractors in Iraq that operate outside most of the laws governing American forces." Original series
Feature writing Gene Weingarten of The Washington Post " ... for his chronicling of a world-class violinist who, as an experiment, played beautiful music in a subway station filled with unheeding commuters." Original article
Commentary Steve Pearlstein of The Washington Post " ... for his insightful columns that explore the nation's complex economic ills with masterful clarity."
Criticism Mark Feeney of The Boston Globe " ... for his penetrating and versatile command of the visual arts, from film and photography to painting."
Editorial writing No Award
Editorial cartooning Michael Ramirez of Investor's Business Daily " ... for his provocative cartoons that rely on originality, humor and detailed artistry."
Breaking news photography Adrees Latif of Reuters " ... for his dramatic photograph of a Japanese videographer, sprawled on the pavement, fatally wounded during a street demonstration in Myanmar."
Feature photography Preston Gannaway of the Concord Monitor " ... for her intimate chronicle of a family coping with a parent's terminal illness." Original series

Letters, Drama and Music Awards

Fiction The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao by Junot Diaz (Riverhead Books)
Drama August: Osage County by Tracy Letts (TCG)
History What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815–1848 by Daniel Walker Howe (Oxford University Press)
Biography Eden's Outcasts by John Matteson (W.W. Norton)
Poetry Time and Materials by Robert Hass (Ecco/HarperCollins)
Poetry Failure by Philip Schultz (Harcourt)
General Nonfiction The Years of Extermination: Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945 by Saul Friedländer (HarperCollins)
Music The Little Match Girl Passion by David Lang (G. Schirmer)

Special Citation

  • Bob Dylan received a special citation for "his profound impact on popular music and American culture, marked by lyrical compositions of extraordinary poetic power."


  1. ^ "Columbia University Announces 92nd Annual Pulitzer Prizes in Journalism, Letters, Drama and Music" (PDF) (Press release). Columbia University. 2008-04-07. Retrieved 2008-04-07.
  2. ^ Pérez-Peña, Richard (2008-04-07). "Washington Post Wins 6 Pulitzer Prizes". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2008-04-07.

External links

Binyamin Appelbaum

Binyamin Appelbaum is a Washington correspondent for The New York Times. He covers the Federal Reserve and other aspects of economic policy. Appelbaum has previously worked for The Florida Times-Union, The Charlotte Observer, The Boston Globe and The Washington Post. He graduated in 2001 from the University of Pennsylvania with a B.A. in history. He was executive editor of the student newspaper, The Daily Pennsylvanian.

In 2007 Appelbaum was part of a team of reporters at The Charlotte Observer that helped shed light on the area's high rate of housing foreclosures and questionable sales practices by Beazer Homes USA, one of the United States' largest homebuilders. The Observer′s series led to FBI, IRS, SEC, and HUD investigations of Beazer Homes, which has since stopped making mortgage loans nationwide and stopped building homes in Charlotte, North Carolina.The series won a Gerald Loeb Award for Medium Newspapers, a George Polk Award and was a finalist for the 2008 Pulitzer Prize in public service.A profile of his reporting on the subprime mortgage crisis described how, well before the nation knew about the coming crisis in mortgage lending, Appelbaum "noticed a strange pattern while compiling a list of foreclosed homes in North Carolina’s Mecklenburg County—clusters were concentrated in new developments. Appelbaum wondered if faulty loans were behind the trend".Appelbaum's November 8, 2018 tweet regarding the status of the term 'gaslighting' as an "actual English word" sent lookups for the word up 14,000% on Merriam-Webster.com, putting it on their list of trending terms.He has two siblings: Yoni Appelbaum and Avigail Appelbaum.

Christopher Shinn

Christopher Shinn is an American playwright. His play Dying City (2006) was a finalist for the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, and

Where Do We Live (2004) won the 2005 Obie Award, Playwriting.

Dana Priest

Dana Louise Priest (born May 23, 1957) is an American journalist, writer and teacher. She has worked for nearly 30 years for the Washington Post and became the third John S. and James L. Knight Chair in Public Affairs Journalism at the University of Maryland's Philip Merrill College of Journalism in 2014. Before becoming a full-time investigative reporter at the Post, Priest specialized in intelligence reporting and wrote many articles on the U.S. "War on terror" and was the newspaper's Pentagon correspondent. In 2006 she won the Pulitzer Prize for Beat Reporting citing "her persistent, painstaking reports on secret "black site" prisons and other controversial features of the government's counter-terrorism campaign." The Washington Post won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service, citing the work of reporters Priest and Anne Hull and photographer Michel du Cille "exposing mistreatment of wounded veterans at Walter Reed Hospital, evoking a national outcry and producing reforms by federal officials."In February 2006, Priest was awarded the George Polk Award for National Reporting for her November 2005 article on secret CIA detention facilities in foreign countries. Priest also revealed the existence of the Counterterrorist Intelligence Centers (CTIC) in a November 17, 2005, front page article, which are counter-terrorist operations centers run jointly by the CIA and foreign intelligence services. The Alliance Base in Paris, involving the DGSE and other foreign intelligence agencies, is one of the most important CTIC.

Daniel Walker Howe

Daniel Walker Howe (born January 10, 1937 in Ogden, Utah) is an American historian who specializes in the early national period of U.S. history, with a particular interest in its intellectual and religious dimensions. He was Rhodes Professor of American History at Oxford University in England (from 1992 to 2002 then Emeritus) and Professor of History Emeritus at the University of California, Los Angeles. He won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for History for What Hath God Wrought (2007), his most famous book. He was president of the Society for Historians of the Early American Republic in 2001, and is a Fellow of both the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Royal Historical Society. He received an honorary Doctor of Humanities degree from Weber State University in 2014.

Howe was born in Ogden, Utah and graduated from East High School in Denver. He received his Bachelor of Arts at Harvard University in 1959, magna cum laude in American history and literature, and his Ph.D. in history at University of California, Berkeley in 1966. Howe's connection with Oxford University began when he matriculated at Magdalen College to read modern history in 1960, receiving his M.A. in 1965.

Howe has taught at Yale University (1966–73), UCLA (1973-92), where he chaired the history department, and Oxford (1992-2002). In 2011 he spent a semester as a visiting professor at Wofford College in Spartanburg, South Carolina.

In 1989–1990 Howe was Harold Vyvyan Harmsworth Professor of American History at Oxford and a fellow of The Queen's College, Oxford. In 1992 he became a permanent member of the Oxford history faculty and a fellow of St Catherine's College, Oxford until his retirement in 2002. Brasenose College, Oxford elected him an Honorary Member of its Senior Common Room.

He currently resides in Sherman Oaks, California, and is married with three grown children and six grandchildren as of February 2015.

Dave Umhoefer

David E. Umhoefer (born 1961) is a faculty member at Marquette University where he directs the O'Brien Fellowship for Public Service Journalism. Prior, he was a reporter for the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. He won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting for a six-month investigation of Milwaukee County's pension system, citing "his stories on the skirting of tax laws to pad pensions of county employees, prompting change and possible prosecution of key figures." The investigation exposed a corrupt, illegal scheme in which more than 350 Milwaukee County employees had increased their pensions by a collective total of over $50 million. For example, "One employee qualified for a 25% pension increase because she worked a half-day at a county park in 1978."

Umhoefer is from La Crosse, Wisconsin and he graduated from the University of Wisconsin–Madison School of Journalism & Mass Communication in 1983. He previously contributed to PolitiFact, rating the accuracy of statements by candidates for public office, elected officials, and political parties.

David Lang (composer)

David Lang (born January 8, 1957) is an American composer living in New York City. Co-founder of the musical collective Bang on a Can, he was awarded the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Music for The Little Match Girl Passion, which went on to win a 2010 Grammy Award for Best Small Ensemble Performance. He was nominated for an Academy Award for "Simple Song #3" from the film Youth.

Edward Wong

Edward Wong (born in Washington, D.C.) is an American journalist and a foreign correspondent for The New York Times. Wong served as one of the Times' primary correspondents in Baghdad, covering the Iraq War from November 2003 through June 2007. He then moved to the paper's Beijing bureau in April 2008, following a sabbatical at Middlebury College and the International Chinese Language Program (ICLP) in Taiwan improving his Mandarin. He eventually became the Beijing bureau chief for The New York Times, before leaving in 2017 to take up a Ferris Professorship of Journalism at Princeton University. He is currently a Nieman Fellow at Harvard.

Wong reports on China's politics, economy, environment, military, foreign policy and culture. He has covered recent signature events in China, including the Sichuan earthquake, the Beijing Olympics and unrest in Tibet and Xinjiang. Wong is the main writer on the Times' Culture & Control series, about the struggle among citizens and the state to shape the culture of China. He has also reported from Afghanistan, Tajikistan, North Korea, Myanmar, Mongolia, India, Indonesia, Vietnam and Taiwan. He has written travel stories about trekking in the mountains of Asia and South America.

Wong graduated from the University of Virginia in 1994 with a B.A. in English. In 1999, he earned dual master's degrees in journalism and international studies at the University of California, Berkeley.

Wong's first newspaper job was at The Potomac Gazette in Potomac, MD. While attending graduate school at Berkeley, he wrote freelance stories for The Los Angeles Times, The San Francisco Chronicle, The San Jose Mercury News, Wired magazine and The Far Eastern Economic Review. Wong worked as an intern at The Associated Press in 1997. He started out at The New York Times as an intern in 1998 and went on to report for the metro, sports, business and foreign desks.

Wong received the 2005 Livingston Award for International Reporting for his Iraq coverage. He was among a group of reporters from the Times' Baghdad bureau named as finalists for the 2008 Pulitzer Prize in International Reporting. He shared a 2010 Feature Writing prize from the Society of Publishers in Asia for the Times' 10-part Uneasy Engagement series, about China's growing influence in the world.

An essay by Wong was published in Travelers' Tales: Tibet, an anthology of travel writing on Tibet. Wong appears in Laura Poitras' 2006 documentary about the Iraq War, My Country, My Country, and in Dexter Filkins' book, The Forever War. He has appeared on The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer and The Charlie Rose Show, and speaks regularly on NPR, BBC and CBC.

Jake Hooker (journalist)

Jake Hooker (October 27, 1973 Newton, Massachusetts) is an American journalist and recipient of the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting and the Gerald Loeb Award for Large Newspapers for investigations done while in China over concerns with how dangerous and poisonous pharmaceutical ingredients from China have flowed into the global market.He attended Milton Academy and Dartmouth College where he studied art history.

In 2000, he was a Peace Corps volunteer in China for two years; he taught English in Wanxian.

His first published newspaper article about his life in Waxian appeared in The Boston Globe in 2001. In 2003, he worked for the Surmang Foundation in China. In his free time, he has learned Chinese.

He currently works for the New York Times.

Jo Becker

Jo Becker is an American journalist and author and a three-time recipient of the Pulitzer Prize. She works as an investigative reporter for The New York Times.

John Matteson

John Matteson (born March 3, 1961) is an American professor of English and legal writing at John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York City. He won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography for his first book Eden's Outcasts: The Story of Louisa May Alcott and Her Father.Matteson is the son of Thomas D. Matteson (1920–2011), an airline executive jointly responsible for developing the theory of reliability-centered maintenance, and Rosemary H. Matteson (1920–2010), who worked as a commercial artist before becoming a homemaker.

Matteson attended Menlo School in Atherton, California. He earned an A.B. in history from Princeton University in 1983, a J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1986, and a Ph.D. in English from Columbia University in 1999. He served as a law clerk for U.S. District Court Judge Terrence W. Boyle before working as a litigation attorney at Titchell, Maltzman, Mark, Bass, Ohleyer & Mishel in San Francisco and with Maupin, Taylor, Ellis & Adams in Raleigh, North Carolina. He has written articles for a wide variety of publications, including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The New England Quarterly, Streams of William James, and Leviathan. His second book, The Lives of Margaret Fuller was published in January 2012 and received the 2012 Ann M. Sperber Biography Award as the year's outstanding biography of a journalist or other figure in media. It was also a finalist for the inaugural Plutarch Award, the prize for best biography of the year as chosen by the Biographers International Organization (BIO), and was shortlisted for the PEN/Jacqueline Bograd Weld Award for Biography. His annotated edition of Little Women was published in November 2015.

Matteson is a former treasurer of the Melville Society and is a member of the Louisa May Alcott Society's advisory board. Matteson is a fellow of the Massachusetts Historical Society and has served as the deputy director of the Leon Levy Center for Biography. He married Michelle Rollo in 1991. They have a daughter.

He is not the same person as the John Matteson who, as a professor of speech at Los Angeles City College in 2008, allegedly barred a student from giving a classroom speech in opposition to same-sex marriage.

List of Hofstra University faculty

This is a list of Hofstra University faculty of both the past and present.

Karl Johan Åhr, Professor of History and father of late rapper Lil Peep

Yousef Al-Abed, Professor of Molecular Medicine

Lance Becker, Professor of Emergency Medicine

Peter B. Berger, Professor of Cardiology

Herman A. Berliner, Provost; Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs; Dean of Faculties; Lawrence Herbert Distinguished Professor

David Jung-Kuang Chiu, former professor; Dean of University Advisement; Director of Asian Studies

Joel Block, Clinical Assistant Professor of Psychiatry

Barbara A. Cornblatt, Professor of Psychiatry

Stephen Dolgin, Professor of Surgery

Silvia Federici, Autonomist Marxist-feminist

Jay Fiedler (born 1971), NFL football quarterback, as Hofstra receivers coach in 1997

Michael J. Freeman, professor

Monroe Freedman, Lichtenstein Distinguished Professor of Legal Ethics; former HLS Dean (1973–77); author of Lawyers' Ethics in an Adversarial System (1975), the seminal work on lawyer-client privilege

Robert W. Greene (1929-2008), Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, professor of journalism and mass media studies

Gary Gruber, professor, author, testing expert, physicist, educator

Martha Hollander, professor, art historian, and poet

Barbara Patton, assistant professor of Accounting, Taxation and Legal Studies in Business at Frank G. Zarb School of Business since 2002

Harvey J. Levin, former University Research Professor, first holder of Augustus B. Weller Chair in Economics, communications economics author and government consultant

Thomas G. McGinn, Professor of Medicine

Leonid Poretsky, Professor of Medicine

Jesse Roth, Clinical Professor of Molecular Medicine

David B. Samadi—Professor of urology

Robert Sobel, professor and author

Kevin J. Tracey, Professor of Molecular Medicine

Michel du Cille

Michel du Cille (January 24, 1956 – December 11, 2014) was a Jamaican-born American photojournalist who won three Pulitzer Prizes. He shared the 1986 Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography with fellow Miami Herald staff photographer Carol Guzy for their coverage of the November 1985 eruption of Colombia's Nevado del Ruiz volcano. He won the 1988 Feature Photography Pulitzer for a photo essay on crack cocaine addicts in a Miami housing project ("photographs portraying the decay and subsequent rehabilitation of a housing project overrun by the drug crack"). The Washington Post received the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for his work, with reporters Dana Priest and Anne Hull, "in exposing mistreatment of wounded veterans at Walter Reed Hospital, evoking a national outcry and producing reforms by federal officials."Du Cille was a photo editor for The Washington Post from 1988 until June 2005, when he became the Post's senior photographer. He credited his initial interest in photography to his father, who worked as a newspaper reporter in Jamaica and the United States. He held a Bachelor of Journalism from Indiana University and a Master's in Journalism from Ohio University.

Du Cille was born in Kingston, Jamaica, in 1956. He worked as a photojournalism intern at The Louisville Courier Journal/Times and The Miami Herald in 1979 and 1980 and joined the Herald staff in 1981.In October 2014, the S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications at Syracuse University disinvited du Cille from appearing at a workshop because he'd returned three weeks earlier from covering the Ebola outbreak in Liberia. Du Cille said at the time, "It's a disappointment to me. I'm pissed off and embarrassed and completely weirded out that a journalism institution that should be seeking out facts and details is basically pandering to hysteria."Du Cille died December 11, 2014, from an apparent heart attack at the age of 58 while on assignment in Liberia.

Philip Schultz

Philip Schultz (born 1945 in Rochester, New York) is an American poet, and the founder/director of The Writers Studio, a private school for fiction and poetry writing based in New York City. He is the author of several collections of poetry, including The God of Loneliness, Selected and New Poems (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2010); Failure (Harcourt, 2007), winner of the 2008 Pulitzer Prize in Poetry; Living in the Past (Harcourt, 2004); and The Holy Worm of Praise (Harcourt, 2002). He is also the author of Deep Within the Ravine Viking Penguin, 1984), which was the Lamont Poetry Selection of the Academy of American Poets; Like Wings (Viking Penguin, 1978, winner of an American Academy & Institute of Arts and Letters Award as well as a National Book Award nomination), and the poetry chapbook, My Guardian Angel Stein (1986). His work has been published in The New Yorker, The Paris Review, Slate, Poetry magazine, The Gettysburg Review, The Southern Review, and Five Points, among others, and he is the recipient of a Fulbright Fellowship in Poetry to Israel and a 2005 Guggenheim Fellowship in Poetry. He has also received, among others, a National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship in Poetry (1981), a New York Foundation for the Arts Fellowship in Poetry (1985), as well as the Levinson Prize from Poetry magazine. Schultz is also the author of a memoir, My Dyslexia, published by W.W. Norton in 2011, and a new book of poetry, The Wherewithal (W. W. Norton), published in February 2014.

Schultz founded The Writers Studio in 1987 after teaching at New York University for 10 years, where he founded and directed their graduate writing program from 1984 to 1988. The Writers Studio utilizes a method that emphasizes technique and emotional connection, making writers aware of the distinction between the actual writer and a narrative persona. Today it features an online program, workshops in New York City, San Francisco, Tucson, and Amsterdam, as well as a celebrated reading series in New York City.

Philip Schultz lives in East Hampton, NY with his wife, sculptor Monica Banks and their two sons, Elias and August.

Robert Hass

Robert L. Hass (born March 1, 1941) is an American poet. He served as Poet Laureate of the United States from 1995 to 1997. He won the 2007 National Book Award and shared the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for the collection Time and Materials: Poems 1997-2005. In 2014 he was awarded the Wallace Stevens Award from the Academy of American Poets.

Sam Roe

Sam Roe is a Chicago Tribune journalist who was part of a team of reporters that won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting for an examination of hazardous toys and other children's products.Roe also has been a Pulitzer Prize finalist four times.In 2000, Roe was a Pulitzer finalist for Investigative Reporting for exposing a 50-year pattern of misconduct by the American beryllium industry, whose production of the metal for nuclear weapons resulted in the deaths and injuries of dozens of workers.In 2011, Roe was a Pulitzer finalist for Investigative Reporting for a series of articles about 13 deaths at a Chicago nursing facility for children and young adults with severe disabilities.In 2013, Roe was a Pulitzer finalist for Investigative Reporting for articles that exposed how manufacturers imperiled public health by continuing to use toxic flame retardants in household furniture and crib mattresses, triggering reforms at the state and national level. The series won the Gerald Loeb Award for Large Newspapers.In 2017, Roe was a Pulitzer finalist for Public Service for "innovative and superbly written and illustrated reporting that not only checked perilous practices by pharmacies in dispensing prescription drugs but also prevented harm from happening in the first place."

The series won the Gerald Loeb Award for Investigative Reporting."

Scott Strazzante

Scott Strazzante (born March 11, 1964) is an American photojournalist at the San Francisco Chronicle. As a member of the Chicago Tribune staff, he co-won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting for a series about faulty government regulation of dangerously defective toys, cribs and car seats.

The Strike (Seinfeld)

"The Strike" is the 166th episode of the NBC sitcom Seinfeld. This was the tenth episode of the ninth and final season. It aired on December 18, 1997. This episode featured and popularized the holiday of Festivus.

This episode also popularized the concept of a "two-face": someone who looks attractive sometimes and looks bad at other times, depending on exterior conditions, such as lighting. It also explained why Kramer never held a job throughout the show. The episode is also notable for featuring an appearance by actor/playwright Tracy Letts, who would win the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, for his play August: Osage County. TV Guide ranked this number three on its 'Top 10 Holiday Episodes' list.

Tracy Letts

Tracy S. Letts (born July 4, 1965) is an American actor, playwright and screenwriter. He received the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for his play August: Osage County and a Tony Award for his portrayal of George in the revival of Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (2013).He is also known for his portrayal of Andrew Lockhart in seasons 3 and 4 of Showtime's Homeland, for which he has been nominated for two Screen Actors Guild Awards as a member of the ensemble. He currently portrays Nick on the HBO comedy Divorce. In 2017, Letts starred in three critically acclaimed films: The Lovers, Lady Bird and The Post. The latter two films were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture; Lady Bird garnered Letts a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture nomination.

Letts wrote the screenplays of three films adapted from his own plays: Bug and Killer Joe, both directed by William Friedkin, and August: Osage County, directed by John Wells. His 2009 play Superior Donuts was adapted into a television series of the same name. 2019 will mark his first screenplay not to be adapted from his own work, with The Woman in the Window, based on the eponymous novel by A.J. Finn.

Zachary Leader

Zachary Leader (born 1946) is a professor of English Literature at the University of Roehampton. He was an undergraduate at Northwestern University, and did graduate work at Trinity College, Cambridge and Harvard University, where he was awarded a PhD in English in 1977. Although born and raised in the U.S. he has lived for over forty years in the U.K., and has dual British and American citizenship. His best-known works are The Letters of Kingsley Amis (2001),The Life of Kingsley Amis (2007), a finalist for the 2008 Pulitzer Prize in Biography, UK; 2007, US), and The Life of Saul Bellow: To Fame and Fortune, 1915-1964, which was shortlisted for the Wingate Prize in the U.K. The Life of Saul Bellow: Love and Strife 1965 to 2005 will be published in 2018. He has written and edited a dozen books, including both volumes of the Bellow biography, and is General Editor of The Oxford History of Life-Writing, a seven-volume series published by OUP. A recipient of Guggenheim, Whiting, Huntington, Leverhulme and British Academy Fellowships, he is also a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.

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