2008 Cairo landslide

The 2008 Cairo landslide happened on September 6, 2008 at el-Deweika, an informal settlement in the Manshiyat Naser neighborhood of east Cairo, Egypt; 119 people died in the rockslide. Some people blamed for the landslide were arrested and held accountable.[1]

Boulders weighing as much as 70 tons rolled into the shanty town following the landslide.[2] After most of the neighborhood had been flattened, those families still living in the slum were evicted and any remaining buildings were flattened by the government.[2] As a result, hundreds of families were left homeless and many still live in squalor near the site of the disaster, despite government promises to find them homes.[3]

The cause of the landslide has not been definitively determined, but theories included leaked sewage from development projects that eroded rocks.[4][5] An internal investigation determined that the slide was caused by "fate" and no one would be blamed for it.[6]

Amnesty International reports that thousands of Egyptians still continue to live in unsafe slums.[3]

According to Amnesty International, authorities failed to evacuate the impoverished residents and provide them with temporary or alternative housing. People living in areas deemed unsafe in Al-Duwayqa and Ezbet Bekhit were forced out in a manner which breached the international standards that states must observe while carrying out evictions.[7]

In May 2010, a court found Mahmoud Yassin, a Cairo deputy governor, guilty of negligence and sentenced him for five years of imprisonment. Seven other officials were sentenced to three years each.[1]


  1. ^ a b Egypt jails government officials over Cairo rockslide BBC
  2. ^ a b Following the rockfall, Egyptian slum dwellers have little more than hope Christian Science Monitor, March 20, 2009.
  3. ^ a b Cairo's poorest risk being buried alive in their homes Amnesty International
  4. ^ Emaar accused of culpability in Duweiqa rockslide Archived September 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Daily News, Egypt.
  5. ^ Compounding the Loss Archived 2009-08-07 at the Wayback Machine Al-Ahram, Egypt.
  6. ^ "Egypt's Deadly Infrastructure Problems". Archived from the original on 2009-11-20. Retrieved 2009-11-20.
  7. ^ "Egypt: Buried alive; trapped by poverty and neglect in Cairo's informal settlements". ReliefWeb. 2009-11-12. Retrieved 2016-04-29.

Coordinates: 30°02′45″N 31°17′18″E / 30.0457°N 31.2882°E


The term landslide or less frequently, landslip, refers to several forms of mass wasting that include a wide range of ground movements, such as rockfalls, deep-seated slope failures, mudflows, and debris flows. Landslides occur in a variety of environments, characterized by either steep or gentle slope gradients, from mountain ranges to coastal cliffs or even underwater, in which case they are called submarine landslides. Gravity is the primary driving force for a landslide to occur, but there are other factors affecting slope stability that produce specific conditions that make a slope prone to failure. In many cases, the landslide is triggered by a specific event (such as a heavy rainfall, an earthquake, a slope cut to build a road, and many others), although this is not always identifiable.

List of landslides

This list of landslides is a list of notable landslides and mudflows divided into sections by date and type. This list is very incomplete as there is no central catalogue for landslides, although some for individual countries/areas do exist. Volumes of landslides are recorded in the scientific literature using cubic kilometres (km3) for the largest and millions of cubic metres (normally given the non-standard shortening of MCM) for most events.

Manshiyat Naser

Manshiyat Naser (Egyptian Arabic: منشية ناصر‎ manšeyyet Nāṣer pronounced [mænˈʃejjet ˈnɑːsˤeɾ], "the Christian suburb", Coptic: ⲙⲁⲛϫⲓⲛⲑⲱⲟⲩϯ ⲛ̀ⲛⲓⲭⲣⲓⲥⲧⲓⲁⲛⲟⲥ) is a ward (kism) of Cairo, Egypt. It covers 5.54 square kilometers, home to 262,050 people in the 2006 census, up from 168,425 in 1996 census. and borders Nasr City to the east, central Cairo districts to the west, and Khalifa ward to the south.

It is famous for the Garbage City quarter which is a slum settlement at the far southern end of Manshiyat Naser, at the base of Mokattam hills on the outskirts of Cairo. Being Cairo's largest concentration of Zabbaleen garbage collectors, its economy revolves around the collection and recycling of the city's garbage.

Although Manshiyat Naser has streets, shops, and apartments as other areas of the city, it lacks infrastructure and often has no running water, sewers, or electricity.


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