2007 United Kingdom floods

A series of serious floods occurred in parts of the United Kingdom during the summer of 2007. The worst of the flooding occurred across Scotland on 14 June; East Yorkshire and The Midlands on 15 June; Yorkshire, The Midlands, Gloucestershire, Herefordshire and Worcestershire on 25 June; and Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Worcestershire, Oxfordshire, Berkshire and South Wales on 28 July 2007.

June was one of the wettest months on record in Britain (see List of weather records). Average rainfall across the country was 5.5 inches (140 mm); more than double the June average. Some areas received a month's worth of precipitation in 24 hours.[2] It was Britain's wettest May–July since records began in 1776.[3] July had unusually unsettled weather and above-average rainfall through the month, peaking on 20 July as an active frontal system dumped more than 4.7 inches (120 mm) of rain in southern England.[4]

Civil[5] and military[5][6][7][8][9] authorities described the June and July rescue efforts as the biggest in peacetime Britain. The Environment Agency described the July floods as critical[9] and expected them to exceed the 1947 benchmark.[10]

2007 UK floods
Severn flood 2007 Interview with ITV (central)
Severn flood 2007 Interview with ITN
Date1 June 2007 – 25 July 2007
Location(see below)
Deaths13[1]
Property damageabout £6.5 billion

Meteorological background

Uriah 25 June 2007
Cyclone Uriah crossing the United Kingdom on 25 June. Associated heavy rainfall led to flooding across northern England, particularly in Sheffield.
UK Group A flood damage July 24 2007
Non-administrative areas affected in June and July 2007 floods as of 24 July (marked in blue).
UK Group B flood damage July 24 2007
Administrative areas affected in June and July 2007 floods as of 24 July (marked in blue).

June 2007 started quietly with an anticyclone to the north of the United Kingdom maintaining a dry, cool easterly flow. From 10 June the high pressure began to break down as an upper trough moved into the area, triggering thunderstorms that caused flooding in Northern Ireland on 12 June.

Later that week, a slow moving area of low pressure from the west of Biscay moved east across the British Isles. At the same time, an associated occluded front moved into Northern England, becoming very active as it did so with the peak rainfall on 15 June. Rainfall records were broken across the region,[11] leading to localised flooding. As it weakened, the front moved north into Scotland on 16 June and left England and Wales with a very unstable airmass, frequent heavy showers, thunderstorms and cloudy conditions. This led to localised flash flooding and prevented significant drying where earlier rains had fallen.

On 25 June another unseasonably low pressure (993 hPa / 29.3 inHg) depression, Cyclone Uriah,[12] moved across England. The associated front settled over northern and eastern England and dumped more than 3.9 inches (100 mm) of rain in places. The combination of high rainfall and high water levels from the earlier rainfall led to extensive flooding across many parts of England and Wales, with the Midlands, Gloucestershire, Worcestershire, South, West and East Yorkshire the most affected. Gales along the east coast also caused storm damage. RAF Fylingdales on the North Yorkshire Moors reported rainfall totals of 4.1 inches (103 mm) in 24 hours, an estimated 3.9 inches (100 mm) in Hull and 3.0 inches (77 mm) on Emley Moor in West Yorkshire. Until 2007, the average monthly total for June for the whole UK was 2.86 inches (72.6 mm).[13]

On 27 June, the Met Office released an early warning of severe weather for the approaching weekend, stating that 0.79 to 1.97 inches (20 to 50 mm) of rain could fall in some areas, raising the possibility of more flooding within the already saturated flood plains.

On 20 July, another active frontal system moved across Southern England. Many places recorded a month's rainfall or more in one day. The Met Office at RAF Brize Norton in Oxfordshire reported 4.98 inches (126.6 mm): a sixth of its annual rainfall. The college at Pershore in Worcestershire reported 5.60 inches (142.2 mm),[14] causing the Environment Agency to issue 16 further severe flood warnings.[15] By 21 July, many towns and villages were flooded, with Gloucestershire, Worcestershire, Warwickshire, Wiltshire, Oxfordshire, Berkshire, London and South Wales facing the brunt of the heavy rainfall.

Climate researchers have suggested that the unusual weather leading to the floods may be linked to this year's appearance of La Nina in the Pacific Ocean,[16] and the jet stream being further south than normal.[17]

Affected areas in England

English counties flood damage July 24 2007
Non-administrative counties in England affected in June and July 2007 floods as of 24 July (marked in blue).
English 1998 admin areas flood damage July 24 2007
Administrative counties in England affected in June and July 2007 floods as of 24 July (marked in blue).

England was affected by the June and July floods, with the North badly hit in June, the West badly hit in July, and many areas hit in both. It was England's wettest July on record.[18] Gloucestershire was the worst affected county – with both some minor flooding in June, and major flooding in July.[9] Non-administrative counties[19] and administrative counties[20] affected by the flooding are given below.

Bedfordshire

By 25 July, a number of low-lying parts adjacent to the river in Bedford and Luton were flooded[21][22] and one man drowned attempting to swim across the River Great Ouse in Bedford.[23] Parts of Felmersham[24] and Turvey[25] were also flooded.

Berkshire

ThatchamFloods2007
Flooding outside Thatcham railway station on 20 July

On 20 July, the M4 was closed after a landslide caused by flooding between Junctions 12 and 13 eastbound.[26] Approximately 1,100 properties in Thatcham were affected by flash flooding.[27]

By 21 July, Newbury and Maidenhead town centres were flooded, the shopping mall in Maidenhead was closed and parts of the Glade Festival were flooded. Officials warned that the River Thames, the River Ock, and its tributaries from Charney could burst their banks.[28] Trinity School was badly affected by the flooding as well due to Vodafone's HQ nearby. Vodafone's ornamental lake overflowed due to the sudden downpour and badly damaged Trinity School's astro turf to the front of the school as well as some damage to inside the school.

In Reading, rail services to the southwest were affected and westbound trains from Paddington could go no further.

The flood waters affected the Atomic Weapons Establishment at Burghfield, which handles Britain's nuclear warheads, resulting in a suspension of work for almost a year.[29]

Buckinghamshire

On 3 June, Stoke Goldington suffered flash flooding affecting 25 homes.[30] Stoke Goldington was affected again on 3 July, with 10 houses being flooded.[31] By 21 July, seventy homes and businesses were flooded by the River Ouse in Buckingham and 30 people spent the night in the town's Radcliffe centre,[28] but 10 miles (16 km) away a system of balancing lakes prevented Milton Keynes from suffering significantly, apart from a flash flood of Stony Stratford High Street from the River Ouse.[32][33]

Cambridgeshire

On 24 July, four bridges in St Neots, Cambridgeshire were shut when the river level peaked, and the Environment Agency warned residents in the St Neots, Paxton and Offords areas to expect flooding that night.[34] By 25 July, parts of St Ives were flooded.[35] Later the same day, the Environment Agency advised residents near the River Great Ouse that the peak had passed and further flooding was unlikely.[36]

County Durham

On 15 June, heavy rainfall caused the postponement of the fourth test match between England and the West Indies at the Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street. On 23 June, flash floods affected parts of Darlington[37] and Stanhope Road, Northgate, St Cuthbert's Way, Parkgate and Haughton Road were closed after water levels rose by about 2 feet (0.6 m). It has also led to Woodland Road to improve its drainage to prevent such flooding on one of the main roads out the town. On 17 July, flooding affected Peterlee town centre, closing shops and a local school.[38]

Cumbria

A 64-year-old man hit his head and died after trying to bail out his flooded home in Alston, Cumbria.[39]

PizzaHutfloodJune2007UK
A flooded Pizza Hut in Chesterfield

Derbyshire

On 25 June, flooding affected properties in Coal Aston, Calow and Chesterfield town centre, and the A617 was filled with more than 2 feet (0.6 m) of floodwater causing traffic delays.[40]

Gloucestershire

FloodingInTewkesburyJuly2007
Severe flooding in Tewkesbury

On 19 July, Gloucestershire Fire and Rescue Service attended 1,800 calls in a 48-hour period, compared with the usual 8,000 calls a year.[41]

On 22 July, Gloucester City A.F.C.'s Stadium was flooded, and the Tewkesbury road at Longford was completely impassable by the Longford Inn. Tewkesbury was completely cut off with no road access, parts of the town were under around 3 feet (0.9 m) of water and flood waters entered Tewkesbury Abbey for the first time in 247 years.[42] Tewkesbury's Mythe Water Treatment Works were flooded.[9] Severn Trent Water warned that treated water would run out by early Sunday evening in Tewkesbury, Cheltenham and Gloucester.

Combined military and civil emergency services tried to stop floods reaching the Walham electricity substation in Gloucester supplying half a million people.[43][44] On 23 July 50,000 Gloucestershire homes were left without electricity after a major electricity substation in Castle Meads had to be turned off.[44][45] Efforts to stop flooding at Walham substation succeeded;[46][47] the Castle Meads substation was repaired the next day.[48][49][50][51] [52]

By 24 July, an estimated 420,000 people were without drinking water, including most of the population of Gloucester, Cheltenham, and Tewkesbury.[28] Emergency services continued repair work at the Mythe water-treatment works but Severn Trent Water estimated that water supplies would not be restored for at least 14 days.[48] 900 drinking water bowsers were brought in and the Army was mobilised to distribute three million bottles of water a day and keep the bowsers filled. Coors, Carlsberg, Scottish and Newcastle, Inbev and Greene King brewing companies offered 23 beer tankers to help supply drinking water. On 26 July Severn Trent Water organised a temporary non-potable water supply to 10,000 homes in Tewkesbury.[53] It was not until 7 August – 16 days after Mythe Treatment Works stopped pumping – that the tap water for the 140,000 homes affected was again declared safe to drink.[54]

In terms of casualties, a man and his 24-year-old son died from asphyxiation from carbon monoxide poisoning on 27 July when attempting to stop flooding in the unventilated Tewkesbury Rugby Football Club cellar.[55][56] On 28 July, the body of a 19-year-old boy, reported missing seven days earlier, was recovered in Tewkesbury.[57][58][59]

Greater London

On 20 July flooding occurred in many parts of Greater London. Water and power supplies were not disrupted but parts of South West London were under 2 feet (61 cm) of water. Heathrow Airport cancelled 141 flights. Two of four rail lines in South Croydon were closed by landslips.[4] The London Underground was severely disrupted and 25 stations were closed.

Herefordshire

By 19 June, Herefordshire was affected by flooding.[60] The M50 motorway near Ledbury was closed on 22 July due to flooding.[61] More than 5,200 people in and around Bromyard, Herefordshire were without clean water on 22 and 23 July after the pumps at the Whitbourne works in Herefordshire failed. Once supply was restored residents were urged by Welsh Water to boil their tap-water until further notice. The village of Hampton Bishop, 3 miles (5 km) from the city of Hereford remains surrounded and flooded by water after the River Lugg burst its banks. On the afternoon of 24 July the Fire Service began pumping flood water out of the village, but not before 130 residents were evacuated.[62] Houses, including the Herefordshire home of Daily Mail writer Quentin Letts, were flooded by a torrent of water gushing from what had previously been only a small, unnamed brook north of Ross-on-Wye.

Another incident in Bromyard, was when most of the residents of East Bromyard were rescued after the River Frome overflowed.

Lancashire

On 12 June, Lostock Hall and Penwortham near Preston were hit by flash floods.[63] On 3 July, heavy rain caused flooding in Earby[64] and Ribchester,[65] affecting homes and causing the Royal Lancashire Show to be cancelled on 9 July.[66] On 4 July, the Blackburn Mela was cancelled due to ground conditions.[67] On 18 July, Walton-le-Dale near Preston was hit by flash floods.[68]

Lincolnshire

Louth and Horncastle were severely flooded, with some roads in that area impassable. Children at a school in Horncastle were evacuated because of floods. More than 600-flood related calls occurred across the county. In Lincoln, mainly round the Stamp End area, a house called Shuttleworth House was completely flooded with water in its insides. After power was lost in the area, more than 200 people were rescued in dinghies.

Nottinghamshire

Retford Flooding
Flooding in King's Park, in Retford as a result of the River Idle overtopping its banks, taken on 27 June

On 27 June 2007, flash flooding caused extensive damage to the villages of Lambley, Woodborough and Burton Joyce. Major towns were hit including Mansfield and Hucknall but not as severely as Lambley. The same day, flooding occurred at Retford and Worksop after the River Idle and River Ryton respectively overtopped their banks.

Oxfordshire

Many rivers burst their banks, including both the Thames and the Cherwell in Oxford and the Ock in Abingdon and the Windrush and Evenlode in Witney.

By 21 July, Banbury[69] and Witney[70] were flooded. Oxford, particularly Botley, was flooded and some 300 people were evacuated.

On 22 July, the Environment Agency warned of further flooding and 1,500 people in Abingdon were evacuated. Forty thousand sandbags were transported from Grantham in Lincolnshire to Abingdon and Oxford.

By 23 July, Oxford, Abingdon, Kidlington and Bladon were affected; some 3,000 homes including the home of William Morris at Kelmscott were flooded and 600 residents were evacuated, with many taking refuge in Oxford United Football Club's Kassam Stadium.[71]

On 24 July the Thames in Abingdon rose 3 feet (0.9 m) in less than 12 hours to a "perilously high" level[47] and the Thames and the Severn were expected to rise to 20 feet (6.1 m) higher than normal.[44]

On 25 July residents of Osney in west Oxford were advised to leave their homes. About 30 people went to the Kassam stadium shelter while another 250 decided to stay with family and friends. Osney Mead substation, which supplies power to Oxford city centre, was threatened but did not flood. Later that evening, the Thames breached its banks at Henley.

Shropshire

Ironbridge 28June07 4
Rising River Severn at Ironbridge, Shropshire, 28 June.
Flood Damage - geograph.org.uk - 1278873
Bridge collapse in Ludlow, 26 June

By 19 June, rain had washed away the main road at Hampton Loade[60] and the Severn Valley Railway line from Bridgnorth was closed after numerous landslips on the line. Also, on 19 June/20 June, parts of the town of Shifnal near Telford, were flooded when the Wesley Brook burst its banks. Some of the residents blame Severn Trent Water for opening floodgates at Priors Lee balancing lake, however no such gates exist.[72] Repair costs to the railway were estimated at £2 million.[73]

On 26 June, the Burway Bridge collapsed, disrupting one of the main roads into Ludlow, severing a gas main and causing the surrounding area to be evacuated.

On 1 July, a woman was pulled out of the River Severn at Jackfield on the Telford and Wrekin border near Ironbridge.[74] By 24 July, the UK National Ballooning Championships in Ludlow had been cancelled for the first time in their 32-year history.[75]

Warwickshire

By 21 July, flooded parts of Warwickshire included Alcester, Stratford-upon-Avon, Shipston on Stour and Water Orton. To a lesser extent, areas of Leamington Spa and Warwick also experienced flooding.[76]

Several nature reserves in the Tame Valley, including Ladywalk and Kingsbury Water Park were badly affected, just as ground- and reedbed- nesting birds were hatching young.[77]

West Midlands

200 people were forced to leave Witton Road and Tame Road in Aston, Birmingham when the River Tame flooded. Water entered the streets of Shirley, Solihull.[28] As in Warwickshire, the Tame caused losses at a nature reserve; this time RSPB Sandwell Valley.[78] In the Dudley borough flooding damaged local schools, shops and communities. Schools opened the doors with parts of buildings flooded with water, the damage in the West Midlands area estimated at 1.9 billion (2007 GDP).

Wiltshire

On 20 July, Swindon had a month's rainfall in less than half a day. More than 50 people were rescued from their flooded homes.[79]

Worcestershire

By 19 June, Worcestershire was affected by flooding.[60] A 68-year-old motorist died after he was trapped in his vehicle in flood water near Pershore whilst attempting to cross an old ford in Bow Brook which was by then 2 m deep.[80][81] The waters were still rising, endangering the confluence of the River Teme and the River Severn. On 26 June 2007 the New Road Ground, home to Worcestershire County Cricket Club, was flooded after the River Severn overtopped its banks, causing the next day's Twenty20 match against Warwickshire to be cancelled.[82] On 17 July, Tenbury Wells in Worcestershire was flooded for the second time in three weeks after a thunderstorm caused flash flooding.[83] By 21 July the M5 was affected, compounded by the closure of the Strensham services, and the motorway was closed, stranding hundreds in their vehicles overnight.[84]

By 23 July, parts of Worcestershire were under 6 feet (2 m) of water and the Army was brought in to help emergency services supply the inhabitants of Upton-upon-Severn which was cut off by floodwater.[28]

On 1 June, the first day of the floods. A road in Cropthorne near Worcester was brutally forced down by a high impact of water flowing underneath the road in a pipe. The hole it made was 13 feet (4.0 m) deep and 33 feet (10 m) wide, traffic throughout the county was held up due to the collapsed main road. The site was named Cropthorne Canyon.

East Riding of Yorkshire and Kingston upon Hull

Floods in Hull -25June2007
Floods in Hull (25 June 2007)

On 15 June, the region was hit by flooding. Roads including the A63 and A1105 in Hull and schools in the region were closed, the Hull Lord Mayor's Parade was cancelled, the Festival of Football was postponed, police declared a major incident and Hessle in Hull, on the border between one council and the other, suffered two square miles of severe sewage-contaminated flooding.[85]

On 25 June, the region was hit by flooding again. Fire crews received over 1500 calls in a 12-hour period,[86] dozens of homes in Beverley and about 50 people at a Hull nursing home were evacuated,[87] boats were used to evacuate about 90 people from 4 feet (1 m) of floodwater in Hull's County Road North,[87] and in Hessle a 28-year-old man died after becoming trapped in a drain.[88] The new Hull police station had to be vacated because of flooding. The next day, only 12 of Hull's 88 schools were still open, affecting 30,000 out of 38,000 Hull schoolchildren.[89]

By 4 July in Hull, six schools were still closed and 120 residents in residential or nursing care had been relocated.[90]

By 5 July, an estimated 35,000 people[91] in streets containing 17,000 homes[90] had been affected by flooding in Hull and by the next day more than 10,000 homes had been evacuated.[92] Hull City Council estimated repair costs at £200 million.[91]

By 24 July, Hull City Council had checked each house in the flooded streets and stated that 6,500 homes had been flooded.[93]

By 27 July, £2.1 million had been allocated to Hull and £600,000 to the East Riding for clean-up and immediate repairs,[94] and £3.2 million to Hull and £1.5 million to the East Riding for further repairs to the region's estimated 101 schools suffering significant flood damage.[95]

By 3 September, figures released by Hull City Council had been revised upwards to 7,800 houses that had been flooded plus 1,300 businesses that were affected.

North Yorkshire

By 15 June, towns and villages in North Yorkshire were flooded, with Knaresborough, Harrogate and York being particularly affected.[96] In Scarborough, the main A171 Scalby Road flooded outside Scarborough Hospital, and the ornamental lake at Peasholm Park overtopped its banks and poured down Peasholm Gap into North Bay. Near Catterick, North Yorkshire, a 17-year-old soldier on a training exercise from Catterick Garrison died after being swept away whilst crossing Risedale Beck, Hipswell Moor.[97] On 23 June, flooding affected Middlesbrough.[37] Pickering was flooded after Pickering Beck overflowed its banks. On 18 July, streams overflowed and roads were blocked in Barton, Gilling West, Melsonby, Hartforth, Scotch Corner, Middleton Tyas and Kirby Hill after a freak rainstorm,[98] and on 18 July 2007 a cloud burst left parts of Filey under 3 feet (1 m) of water, just caused by the rain, rather than by a river bursting its banks. Pensioners were stranded in the town's swimming pool and rescued by lifeboat.[99]

South Yorkshire

Meadowhall road flooded
A road near Meadowhall Centre showing extensive flooding after the River Don burst its banks

On 25 June, Sheffield suffered extensive damage as the River Don over topped its banks causing widespread flooding in the Don Valley area of the city. A 13-year-old boy was swept away by the swollen River Sheaf,[100] a 68-year-old man died after attempting to cross a flooded road in Sheffield city centre,[101] and several cattle were washed away, found up to 3.5 miles (5.6 km) across fields in some areas of cultivated land. The Meadowhall shopping centre was closed due to flooding with some shops remaining closed downstairs until late September and Sheffield Wednesday's ground Hillsborough was under 6 feet (1.83 m) of water. A number of people were rescued by RAF helicopters from buildings in the Brightside area,[102] whilst in the Millhouses Park area to the southwest of the city the River Sheaf overtopped its banks causing widespread damage.[103] There was also widespread flooding in Barnsley, Doncaster and Rotherham with much of these towns cut off.

By 26 June, the waters in some parts of Sheffield and the surrounding area receded, and over 700 villagers from Catcliffe, near Rotherham's Ulley reservoir were evacuated after cracks appeared in the dam.[81][104] Emergency services from across England pumped millions of gallons of water from the reservoir to ease the pressure on the damaged dam, and the nearby M1 Motorway was closed between junctions 32 and 36 as a precaution.[105]

On 27 June, the Army moved into the Doncaster area after the River Don overtopped its banks and threatened the area around what was Thorpe Marsh Power Station. A man was incorrectly reported missing near the village of Adwick le Street near Doncaster.[106]

River flooding in clayton west
The river in Clayton West just after the flooding

West Yorkshire

On 15 June and on 25 June, the villages of Scissett and Clayton West and other parts of Kirklees were flooded by the River Dearne, the second time worse than the first.

On 25 June, Wakefield was flooded. Six elderly women, including a 91-year-old, were stranded in their homes.[107]

During the Wakefield flood, hundreds of homes were evacuated in the Agbrigg area of Wakefield and looting was feared, but by 1 July only four looters had been arrested in the city and were later released on bail.[108]

The village of Collingham (near Wetherby) was particularly affected by the flooding and one house was looted.

Affected areas in Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland 1899 non-administrative counties flood damage 24 July 2007
Non-administrative counties in Northern Ireland affected in June and July 2007 floods as of 24 July (marked in blue).
Northern Ireland districts flood damage 24 July 2007
Districts in Northern Ireland affected in June and July 2007 floods as of 24 July (marked in blue).

Northern Ireland was hit by flooding in the June and July floods and it was Northern Ireland's wettest June since 1958.[109] The non-administrative counties[110] and districts[111] affected are given below.

County Antrim

On 12 June, the Knockmore campus of the Lisburn Institute in Lisburn was affected by flooding. The same day, parts of East Belfast near the Antrim-Down border that were affected included the Kings Road, Ladas Drive, Strandtown Primary School and the Parliament Buildings in Stormont, with 80 residents evacuated from their old people's home on the Kings Road and Avoniel Leisure Centre opened to assist flood victims.[112][113] On 2 July, houses were flooded and two people evacuated from their home in Cushendall in Antrim after the River Dall burst its banks following heavy rain.[114][115] On 16 July, parts of Belfast International Airport near Aldergrove in Antrim were flooded by a freak thunderstorm leaving 10 planes unable to land,[116] landslides closed the Antrim Coast Road near Ballygally, Larne, and people were trapped in their cars in Portrush, Coleraine.[117][118]

County Down

On 15 June, there was severe flooding around Bangor in North Down, Saintfield, Crossgar and Ballynahinch in Down and Newtownards and Comber in Ards, with shops in Crossgar centre flooded.[119]

County Londonderry

On 12 June, Magherafelt was affected by flooding.[112][113] On 16 July, roads in Aghadowey, Coleraine[117][118] and Portstewart, Coleraine[116] were rendered impassable by floodwater.

County Tyrone

On 12 June, Omagh and Dungannon were affected by flooding, with a Dunnes supermarket evacuated in Omagh.[112][113]

Affected areas in Scotland

Scottish 1997 non-administrative counties flood damage July 24 2007
Lieutenancy areas of Scotland affected in June and July 2007 floods as of 24 July (marked in blue).
Scottish 1996 council areas flood damage July 24 2007
Council areas in Scotland affected in June and July 2007 floods as of 24 July (marked in blue).

Scotland was hit by flooding in June and July, with the Scottish Lowlands most badly affected. On 12 June, the Met Office issued torrential rain warnings for Scotland[120] and it was Scotland's wettest June since 1938.[121] The non-administrative counties[19] and council areas[122] affected are given below.

Ayrshire and Arran

On 21 June, about 2000 homes were left without electricity and properties were affected as flash floods hit Kilmarnock.[123] On 18 July, flooding affected Kilmarnock again, the River Irvine burst its banks in Newmilns, and flash floods affected roads including the M77.[124]

Dumfries

On 18 July, floods wrecked homes in Closeburn, power was cut off at Eaglesfield, and roads were closed at Moffat and Lochmaben.[125]

Edinburgh and Midlothian

On 1 July rain cancelled the one-day international cricket match between Scotland and Pakistan in Edinburgh[126] and by 3 July parts of Midlothian were flooded, with worst hit areas including residential areas in Dalkeith and Mayfield.[127]

Glasgow and Lanarkshire

On 22 June, heavy storms flooded roads[128] and dumped debris on the railway line in Glasgow.[129] The same day, torrential rain caused a landslide just south of Lesmahagow, closing the M74.[130]

Moray

On 3 July a landslide caused by floodwater disrupted traffic on the A941 Rothes to Aberlour road in Moray.[131]

Ross and Cromarty

On 18 July, heavy rain caused landslips blocking the railway line between Strathcarron and Achnasheen for a predicted 10 days,[132]

Tweeddale

On 25 June rain forced the 108-year-old Beltane Festival in Peebles to be held indoors for the first time.[133]

Affected areas in Wales

Welsh 2003 non-administrative counties flood damage July 24 2007
Non-administrative counties in Wales affected in June and July 2007 floods as of 24 July (marked in blue).
Welsh principal areas flood damage July 24 2007
Principal areas in Wales affected in June and July 2007 floods as of 24 July (marked in blue).

Wales was hit by flooding in June and July, with the Eastern areas most badly affected. It was Wales's wettest June since 1998, and its second wettest since 1914.[134] The preserved counties[135] and principal areas[136] affected are given below.

Clwyd

On 26 June, roads including the A5 were impassable at Corwen in Denbighshire, a river overflowed at Worthenbury in Flintshire, and properties were affected in Wrexham.[137] In North Wales, a man was rescued by fire services after he was stranded on a small island in the River Dee in Llangollen, Denbighshire. On 17 July, flash floods after torrential rain forced the closure of a secondary school in Prestatyn in Denbighshire.[138]

Dyfed

Lampeter in Ceredigion was affected by flooding on 11 June[139] and then again on 15 June.[140]

Gwent

On 26 June, properties were affected in Tintern on the River Wye in Monmouthshire.[137] On 20 July, flash floods affected parts of Newport, Monmouthshire and Torfaen.[141]

Powys

In Montgomeryshire, ten people were taken to safety at Tregynon and a dozen homes were flooded at Bettws Cedewain on 22 July,[142] firefighters used a boat to evacuate five people from a house near Welshpool after they were cut off by floods on 23 July,[143] and the same boat was later used to rescue three people stranded in a car on the A483.[142] In Radnorshire, 30 tonnes of debris and earth blocked the only road out of Barland near Presteigne on 23 July.[143] In Brecknockshire, the River Wye burst its banks in Builth Wells on 1 July,[144][145] the saturated ground later causing chaos at the Royal Welsh Show in Llanelwedd on 24 July.[146]

South Glamorgan

On 20 July, flash floods affected the Vale of Glamorgan,[147] causing schools to be evacuated, roads to be closed, and boats used to rescue people from their homes in Barry.

Timeline for June and July floods

Areas affected by flooding during this period were as follows (see above for specific citations):

  • 1–7 June:
England (Buckinghamshire)
  • 8–14 June:
England (Lancashire),
Northern Ireland (Belfast, Cookstown, Dungannon, Lisburn, Magherafelt, Omagh),
Wales (Ceredigion)
  • 15–21 June:
England (County Durham, Herefordshire, North and West Yorkshire, Shropshire, Worcestershire),
Northern Ireland (Ards, Down, North Down),
Scotland (Ayrshire, Lanarkshire),
Wales (Ceredigion)
  • 22–28 June:
England (East Riding of Yorkshire, Hull, Nottinghamshire, Shropshire, Worcestershire, South Yorkshire),
Scotland (Peebles),
Wales (Denbighshire, Flintshire, Monmouthshire, Wrexham)
  • 29 June – 5 July:
England (Buckinghamshire, Lancashire, West Yorkshire),
Northern Ireland (Antrim),
Scotland (Midlothian, Moray)
  • 6–12 July:
De facto gap between the June and July floods
  • 13–19 July:
England (County Durham, Cumbria, Lancashire, North Yorkshire, Worcestershire),
Northern Ireland (Coleraine, Larne),
Scotland (Ayrshire, Dumfriesshire, Ross and Cromarty),
Wales (Denbighshire)
  • 20–26 July:
England (Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Gloucestershire, Greater London, Herefordshire, Lincolnshire, Oxfordshire, Warwickshire, Wiltshire, Worcestershire),
Wales (Newport, Monmouthshire, Powys, Torfaen, Vale of Glamorgan)

Aftermath

Rescue effort

Following the flooding in late June, the rescue effort was described by the Fire Brigades Union as the "biggest in peacetime Britain".[5] Following the flooding in July, the RAF said it is carrying out its biggest ever peacetime rescue operation, with six Sea King helicopters from as far afield as RAF St Mawgan in Cornwall, RAF Valley in Anglesey and RAF Leconfield in the East Riding of Yorkshire rescuing up to 120 people.[6][7][8][9][148] An RAF heavy lift Chinook helicopter was also employed to move aggregate to reinforce the banks of the River Don.[149] The Environment Agency described the situation as "critical".[9]

4x4 Response groups from throughout the UK assisted councils and blue light services during and in the immediate aftermath of the flooding. During the recovery phase a number of responders from around the UK 4x4 Response assisted the Red Cross in the distribution of fresh drinking water in the Gloucestershire area after mains drinking water was contaminated.

Health risks

The Health Protection Agency advised people that the risk of contracting any illness was low but that it was best to avoid coming into direct contact with flood water. There were no reported cases of any outbreaks. In some areas bottled water was handed out where sewage works got flooded.

Crop damage

The floods caused widespread crop damage, especially broccoli, carrots, peas and potatoes. In parts of Lincolnshire it was estimated that 40% of the pea crop may have been damaged, with other crops also suffering major losses. Prices of vegetables were expected to rise in the following months.[150]

Financial cost

Environment Agency chief executive Baroness Young said that about £1 billion a year was needed to improve flood defences. The Association of British Insurers has estimated the total bill for the June and July floods as £3 billion.

A report by the Environment Agency in 2010 concluded that "the scale and seriousness of the summer 2007 floods were sufficient to classify them as a national disaster", and that the "total economic costs of the summer 2007 floods are estimated at about £3.2 billion in 2007 prices, within a possible range of between £2.5 billion and £3.8 billion.

Government response

On 3 July, Environment Secretary Hilary Benn announced that the Government would increase the spending on risk management and flood defences by £200 million to £800 million by 2010–11.[151] During Prime Minister's Questions in the House of Commons later that month, Prime Minister Gordon Brown promised £46 million in aid to flood-hit councils and £800 million rise in annual spending on flood protection by 2010–11, confirming Hilary Benn's announcement. Brown also pledged to push insurance firms to make payouts.

On 22 July, the Government convened COBRA to co-ordinate the response to the crisis.[152]

Visiting Gloucestershire on 25 July, Mr. Brown praised emergency services for their efforts, but added: "We've got to get the supplies stepped up. We will get more tankers in, we will get more bowsers in, we will get more regular filling of them, and at the same time, more bottled water will be provided."[53]

On 8 August 2007 Defra announced that Sir Michael Pitt would chair an independent review of the response to the flooding. On 4 September of that year the Cabinet Office website launched a comments page to let people affected by the flooding contribute their experiences to the review.

Sir Michael published his interim report on 17 December 2007.[153]

In April 2010 the government passed the Flood and Water Management Act 2010, which implemented many of Sir Michael Pitt's recommendations.[154] The Act gives more power and responsibility to the Environment Agency and local authorities to plan flood defences co-ordinated across catchment areas and the wider country, to counteract the tendency for defences to be built for upstream areas without much thought for how this might be making flooding worse for downstream areas. In also brings in a new regime whereby new building activity which exacerbates flooding by reducing the capacity of land to absorb water will need to be accompanied by the construction of sustainable drainage systems such as grassy roofs, ponds and soakaways.

Criticism of Hull City Council

Hull City Council was criticised for not insuring the city's libraries, schools and other public buildings. In response, Hull City Council said that "Many councils do not have the feature in their budget", but other flood-hit councils were insured. It was thought that council tax payers would be left with the bill, as emergency Government funding would not cover it.

Criticism of government response

Jennameredith
Jenna Meredith, one of the victims of flooding, was one of the most high-profile critics of the government response.[155]

In June, councillors in Hull claimed that the city was being forgotten and had the floods occurred in the Home Counties, help would have arrived much more quickly. One in five homes in Hull was damaged and 90 out of the city's 105 schools suffered some damage. Damage to the schools alone was estimated to cost £100 million. The Bellwin scheme for providing aid after natural disasters was criticised as inadequate by Hull MP Diana Johnson.[156] The lack of media coverage of flooding in Kingston upon Hull led the city council leader Carl Minns to dub Hull "the forgotten city".

In July, the Government came under mounting criticism of its handling of the crisis, the fact that responsibilities were spread across four departments and no single minister could be held responsible, and the fact that the Army had not been called in to assist.[157]

The Observer newspaper stated on 22 July 2007 that the Government had been warned in the spring by the Met Office that summer flooding would be likely because the El Niño phenomenon had weakened, but no action was taken.[158]

In response to the criticism, Environment Secretary Hilary Benn said on BBC Sunday AM that "This was very, very intense rainfall, with five inches in 24 hours in some areas; even some of the best defences are going to be overwhelmed". He praised the way the emergency services had dealt with "unprecedented" levels of rainfall and said he had "total confidence" in the response of the Environment Agency.

Conservative leader David Cameron called for a public inquiry into the flooding after visiting Witney, the main town in his Oxfordshire constituency.[159]

Then Liberal Democrat leader Sir Menzies Campbell accused the government of lack of preparation leading to a "summer of suffering", and said, "With sophisticated weather forecasting as we now have, particularly in relation to what's happened over the weekend, there are quite a few questions as to how it was that flood-prevention measures were not in place or were not more effective."[160]

See also

References

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External links

Media related to 2007 United Kingdom floods at Wikimedia Commons

2007 floods

2007 floods may refer to:

2006-2007 Malaysian floods

2007 United Kingdom floods

2007 South Asian floods

2007 Sudan floods

June 2007 Hunter Region and Central Coast storms

2007 Midwest flooding in the United States

2007 Mozambican flood

2007 North Korea flooding

2007 Jakarta flood

March 2007 floods in the Argentine littoral

June 2007 Texas flooding

2007 Tabasco flood

2013–14 United Kingdom winter floods

The 2013–2014 United Kingdom winter floods saw areas of Ireland and the United Kingdom inundated following severe storms. The south of England saw heavy rainfalls associated with these storms which caused widespread flooding, power cuts and major disruptions to transport. Economically, the worst affected areas were Somerset, Devon, Dorset and Cornwall in the south west and the Thames Valley in the south east. The Met Office reported the storms were responsible for the wettest December to January period since 1876. The flood phenomena ranged from coastal flooding, pluvial flooding, fluvial flooding to groundwater flooding. The flooding resulted in the inundation of the majority of the Somerset Levels and saw the main railway line to Cornwall and West Devon at Dawlish severed for several weeks.

Alney Island

Alney Island is an island in the River Severn near Gloucester. The Severn splits into two channels (known as East Channel and West Channel) at Upper Parting (the northernmost tip of Alney), and merges again at Lower Parting to the south. The island is a strip of land in between the two channels, about 2.1 mi or 3.5 km long (roughly north-to-south) and 0.74 mi or 1.2 km wide at its widest (east-to-west). It is a local Nature Reserve.Alney consists mostly of low-lying farmland, and parts are sometimes subject to flooding when the Severn rises. Castle Meads electrical substation on Alney was turned off when the island was flooded during the Summer 2007 United Kingdom floods. In February 2014, Royal Marines and Army personnel were deployed to Alney Island to respond to severe flooding.As well as the mobile and static caravan park at Pool Meadow, there are 3 streets - Alney Terrace, Westend Parade and Westend Terrace - of houses (mostly) dating from between the 1820s and the 1890s. However, there are a handful of houses that date from the 1990s.

There are also a number of historical (and now extinct) works that took place on the island, the two major ones being Lime Kilns and brick works.

Telford's historic Over Bridge links Alney to Over across the West Channel, and is now pedestrian use only. The A40 and A417 trunk roads cross the West Channel on modern road bridges onto Alney

before crossing the East Channel to join Gloucester at the end of Westgate Street. There are a number of Segregated Bicycle Paths around Alney. Alney is also crossed by the original South Wales Railway travelling west from Gloucester to Cardiff Central.

Blackburn Brook

The Blackburn Brook is a stream in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England which flows through the Blackburn Valley along the M1 and Ecclesfield Road and joins the River Don near the Meadowhall shopping centre. Downstream from the A61 road at Chapeltown the Blackburn Brook is defined as a main river by the Environment Agency, which requires new building development to be at least 8m from the bank side as a flood defence measure and to allow access to the watercourse for maintenance.

Burway Bridge

Burway Bridge is a bridge in Ludlow, Shropshire, England. It takes the B4361 road across the River Corve.

Charlton, Worcestershire

Charlton is a village in the Wychavon district of the county of Worcestershire, England.

During the 2007 United Kingdom floods, many homes were affected for the second time in a decade.

Charlton lies between the River Avon and Bredon Hill. Evesham is 3 miles to the east, and Pershore 5 miles to the west, but its postal address is Pershore rather than Evesham.

Fladbury and Cropthorne are its neighbouring villages, both within a mile Fladbury is just over the River Avon and Cropthorne up the hill.

Clayton West

Clayton West is a village in Kirklees, West Yorkshire, England. It had a population of 2,648 (2001 census) and 2,704 in 2008. It is 9 miles (14 km) southeast of Huddersfield and 7 miles (11 km) northwest of Barnsley.

It is in the parish of Clayton West and High Hoyland. An attractive stone-built village, there is also a little light industry and a number of new housing developments.

Facilities in the village include a village store and two pubs. It has a primary school and nursery called Kayes First and Nursery School, which was built in 1862, and was doubled in size in 1981. Kayes First and Nursery School consists of 202 children and 32 staff from Nursery to year 5 (2017 figures). The school is also part of a three tier schooling system with Scissett Middle School and Shelley College (formally Shelley High School).

It also has a Scout Group which offers access to a number of outdoor activities including archery, target shooting, kayaking and much more.

Clayton West is located between the villages of High Hoyland, Scissett and Skelmanthorpe.

The river that runs though the village is called the River Dearne and was part of the 2007 United Kingdom floods.

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. The Industrial Revolution had brought a migration of the population to the Dearne Valley where abundant water was available for manufacturers, so people lived away from the church. Both Clayton West and Scissett had grown so rapidly that there were people still alive in 1873 that could remember the expansion. Although the parish of Scissett had been created in 1839, yet Clayton West remained as a part of High Hoyland.

By 1865 eleven coal mines existed in the Dearne Valley. The Clayton West village coal mine (pit), "Park Mill", closed in 1989, having been somewhat bypassed by the events of the UK miners strike (1984-85). Park Mill Colliery operated for over 100 years.There is evidence of 700 years of mining in the adjacent village of Emley. Records from the 13th century indicate that monks from Byland Abbey mined and smelted iron ore. They mined using bell pits. A pit was sunk to a depth of 7 meters and worked outward from the bottom of the shaft. Pits dating back to the 16th century can be seen off Woodhouse Lane. Evidence of bell pits is also clearly visible in the woodlands around Duke Wood, down the hill from Cliffe Woods, in Clayton West. Joseph Norton was the owner of a number of mines around the 1870s which he used to mine to produce coal to power his textile mills located at Cuttlehurst and in Scissett. One of these was a mine in Duke Wood. This shaft still acts as an emergency exit and air vent for the privately owned "Flacks" mine, the only mine still operating in the village.

The village once had a railway station on a branch line, opening 1 September 1879, branching off the Penistone Line. However the station along with Skelmanthorpe was closed in January 1983. The Kirklees Light Railway now runs and operates trains from the former station.

Clayton West was occasionally used as a location for Britain's longest running comedy series Last of the Summer Wine, in which one of the village's former pubs, "The Shoulder of Mutton" in Church Lane, features prominently. The village lost its post office in 2010.

All Saints Church, on Church Lane, dates back to 1875 and is still in use today. It belongs to the Diocese of Wakefield. All Saints cost £2,300 to construct between 1872 and 1875. Half of the cost was met by the parish, the other half by WB Beaumont of Bretton Hall (later to be Baron Allendale), the church's patron and benefactor. All Saints can be seen from many places around the village, the only building with a spire, which houses one bell. The roof slates of the church were last replaced in the earlry 1980's, following a slate appeal when raffle tickets were sold to raise funds for the roof replacement, the spire was also repainted and reclad at this time. In 2019 the roof is again in need of major restoration.

Historical Listings

Clayton West is listed as Clayton [West] in the Domesday book and has been translated as meaning settlement on clayey soil. The settlement had a land value attributed to the Lord of £1 in 1066. Plough land is also listed as being two, with other resources listed as woodland, one half times one half leagues. The Lord in 1066 is stated to be Alsi, son of Karski. The Lord in 1086, following the conquest, was listed as Ilbert de Lacy (1045-1093) and is attributed as the builder of Pontefract Castle, who is also noted as the Tenant-in-Chief in 1086. The de Lacy family took part in the Norman Conquest of Briton and there is evidence that Ilbert fought at William's side at Hastings.

Listed as Clayton, West, the village featured in "A Topographical Dictionary of England" which was published by Samuel Lewis, London, 1848. In 1848 the village had 1440 residents and was described as being 1080 acres belonging to various owners. Mining was listed as the predominant industry, along with the production of silk and worsted goods for clothing. The account states that many large mills had been constructed in the village for this purpose.

In 1848 the four places of worship were listed.

Listed as CLAYTON (West), in John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870–72). Clayton West is described as a township of the High Hoyland parish with hamlets of Cuttlehurst, Parkmill, Topitt and Spring-Grove. The village has a post office and comprises 1,098 acres, with real-estate worth £4, 371, £122 of which are in mines. The population is now listed as 1,532, with 325 houses. Woollen manufacture is again listed as a pre-dominant industry. Chapels are listed for independents (constructed in 1866) and Baptists.

Further information of the progressing village is delineated in Kelly's 1881 Directory of the West Riding of Yorkshire. It describes "Clayton West" as a township and large village. The manufacture of fancy woollens, as well as twine and flax spinning seems to be the prevalent industry of the village. The church of All Saints, constructed in 1875, is now listed along with Congregational, Baptist, New Connexion Methodist, Primitive Methodist and Wesleyan chapels. Kelly lists the charities for distribution as being £13 annually . Also mentioned is the un-denominational school (Kaye's First School) built by William and John Kaye esqs., which was erected in 1862, and in 1881 William Priestly was school master. Capt. Henry Savile is lord of the manor. The main landowners are listed as W. B. Beaumont esq., M.P. W. T. Spencer-Stanhope esq., J.P. John Kaye esq., J.P. and Thomas Norton esq. J.P. The area occupied by the village is now 1,140 acres with rateable value, £4,548. The population in 1871 was 1,531.

Textile Mills

One such mill, the Spring Grove Mill, still has buildings visible, just off the A636, opposite the Scissett swimming baths building. Locally is it still known as Beanlands Mill, named after the Beanland family who purchased the business in 1869 from Charles Walker for £8,500. The mill stopped operating as such in 1975, and the mill chimney has since been removed along with other biludings. Pictures of the Mill are available.

War Memorial

The village has an obelisk style war memorial, now situated at the junction of Church Lane with Holmfield Road. The memorial commemorates 37 people, 30 from the First World War, six from the Second World War and one from the Falklands War. The war memorial used to be located on the grass triangle at Hill Top.

Flooding

In 2007 severe flooding of the river Dearne affected some 420 properties in Clayton West and Skelmanthorpe. Summer flooding has also occurred in the area in 2002, 2004, 2007 and 2008. The textile industry history of the area has resulted in modern-day conversions of old textile mill to become residential accommodation. The valley floor also has a high density of residential properties making these areas more prone to flooding.

Future Development

Plans, dated December 2016, are available detailing proposed developments by the Clayton West Development Company Ltd (CWDCL), who are promoting the development of green belt land at the north eastern edge of Clayton West.

Gheluvelt Park, Worcester

Gheluvelt Park is a public park in Worcester, England, which opened on 17 June 1922 to commemorate the Worcestershire Regiment's 2nd Battalion after their part in Battle of Gheluvelt, a World War I battle that took place on 31 October 1914 in Gheluvelt (near Ypres), Belgium. It was opened by Field Marshal John French, 1st Earl of Ypres, who stated, "on that day the 2nd Worcesters saved the British Empire." A plaque inside the park commemorates Captain Gerald Ernest Lea, who died on 15 September 1914 while commanding D. Company of the 2nd Battalion.

The park is located in Worcester, along the A449 (Barbourne Road) and stretches across to the River Severn. The Barbourne Brook, which leads to the Severn, feeds a duck pond within which is a bandstand. The park contains a children's play area and a supervised paddling pool. A conservation site is managed by the Duckworth Worcestershire Trust and, following renovations to the old Victorian Pump House, the Environment Centre provides information about environmental issues as well as sustainability. The Friends of Gheluvelt Park organisation helps maintain the parks and organise events such as Carols in the Park and a St George's Day celebration. A significant area of the park, including the children's play area, was flooded by the Severn and the Barbourne Brook during the 2007 United Kingdom floods in July.

Gheluvelt Park has received £850,000 from the Heritage Lottery Fund, in order to improve the park. A new play area has been created, a Splash Pad built for toddlers to early teens, the railings have been reinstated along Barbourne Road, and the bandstand has been renovated. Recently, a sculpture costing £33,000 was installed, to symbolise the fallen soldiers, and a funding application has been submitted for outdoor fitness equipment for adults, (2011), including six exercise units and also two concrete table tennis tables. Funding has also been applied for, for a community "Fitness event" in Autumn 2011.

Gloucester City A.F.C.

Gloucester City Association Football Club is an English semi-professional association football club currently based in Evesham, Worcestershire in South West England, via groundshare agreement.

The club was established in 1883 as Gloucester, they became Gloucester City in 1902, but were briefly known as Gloucester YMCA from 1910 to 1925, before returning to their previous name. The club have moved back to the National League North for the 2019/20 season. Previously it competed in the National League North from 2009 to 2017 and then spent two seasons in the National League South afterwards. Prior to that, it spent a record 70 years within the Southern Football League from 1939 until 2009. The club secured promotion after a playoff final win against Farnborough.

In July 2007, the club was considerably affected by the 2007 United Kingdom floods, which significantly affected Gloucestershire. and left the Meadow Park stadium under eight feet of water. The impact of the flooding has meant that the club has been in exile away from Gloucester ever since. The Tigers have played home games at Cheltenham Town's Whaddon Road, after spending three seasons sharing at Cirencester Town's Corinium Stadium and Forest Green Rovers' New Lawn stadium in Nailsworth. From the 2017–18 season, the club has played at Evesham United whilst construction continues on a new stadium on the old Meadow Park site.The club received full planning permission from Gloucester City Council to build a new 3,060 capacity stadium, raised by several feet, on the site of their former home of Meadow Park with plans to expand to over 4,000. A revised plan was submitted in October 2018 however to retain the use of a former building and some alterations to the layout. This was approved by Gloucester City Council on the 7th of May.The club is currently managed by Mike Cook, who has been manager since January 2019. The club is affiliated to the Gloucestershire County FA.

Hempsted

Hempsted is a suburban village and part of the City of Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

Kelham Island Tavern

The Kelham Island Tavern is a public house in Sheffield. It is the only pub to have become the Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA) National Pub of the Year two years running.

The pub lies on Russell Street, in the Kelham Island area of the city. It was constructed in the 1830s as part of a terrace, and originally operated as "The Sawmaker". It was later renamed the "White Hart", and in the early 1990s became the "Kelham Island Tavern", but closed soon after.The derelict building was re-opened as the "Kelham Island Tavern" in 2002, specialising in real ales. By the following year, the local press mentioned it as one of five pubs in the area among the "best real ale pubs in Yorkshire". Following an inundation during the 2007 United Kingdom floods, it closed for a five-week refurbishment. It won the CAMRA pub of the year award for 2008, and took the title again the following year, becoming the first pub to win the title two years running. It has also won the Yorkshire Pub of the Year title in 2004, 2007, 2008 and 2009, and the Sheffield Pub of the Year award every year from 2004 to 2011.The pub has a small garden featuring palm trees, and is also a venue for traditional English folk music.

Lady's Bridge

Lady's Bridge is the oldest bridge across the River Don in the City of Sheffield, England. It is located in the central section of the city, linking the Wicker to the north with Waingate to the south.

Mythe Water Treatment Works

The Mythe Water Treatment Works in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England is a facility which treats water drawn from the River Severn.

On 1 March 2002, Severn Trent Water worked with local councillors to create an emergency plan, which was supposed to ensure that in a state of emergency their services would not be affected. It came to national attention in July 2007 when it became inundated with water from the River Severn during the Summer 2007 United Kingdom floods. The water coming into the plant was contaminated, and this led to the loss of tap water for approximately 150,000 people in Cheltenham, Gloucester and Tewkesbury.

River Bain

The River Bain is a river in Lincolnshire, England, and a tributary of the River Witham.The Bain rises in the Lincolnshire Wolds at Ludford, a village on The Viking Way long-distance footpath, and flows through or past the villages of Burgh on Bain, Biscathorpe, Donington on Bain, Goulceby with Asterby and Hemingby before reaching the town of Horncastle where it is joined by the River Waring, which rises at Belchford, 5 miles (8.0 km) to the north east of Horncastle.After leaving Horncastle, the Bain flows through the villages of Kirkby on Bain, Coningsby and Tattershall, and joins the Witham at Dogdyke. In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, and after protracted negotiation, a group of venture capitalists led by Sir Joseph Banks canalized the Bain between Horncastle and the Witham. The Horncastle Canal opened in 1802 and was an important goods route before the coming of the railway. It is no longer navigable, but is used extensively by anglers, canoeists, and naturalists.

The river contains significant populations of chub (Leuciscus cephalus), bream, roach and rudd, as well as brown trout, pike, eel, and smaller species such as miller's thumb (Cottus gobio), gudgeon and stone loach (Nœmacheilus barbatus). It is also home to the threatened species of crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes, though there are also populations of the introduced American signal crayfish (Pasifastacus leniusculus), which competes with the native species for food.The Bain valley was formed by a glacier in the most recent ice-age and, although small, is very obvious. The River Bain is very susceptible to flooding and many floods have occurred during its history, about once every 30–50 years, the most recent being the 2007 United Kingdom floods, when the river overtopped its banks all along its course. Horncastle was particularly badly hit.

Settlements in the valley include Tattershall, Coningsby, Kirkby on Bain, Haltham, Roughton, Horncastle, Hemingby, Goulceby with Asterby, Donington on Bain, Burgh on Bain and Ludford.

River Dearne

The River Dearne is a river in South Yorkshire, England. It flows roughly east for more than 30 kilometres (19 mi), from its source just inside West Yorkshire, through Denby Dale, Clayton West, Darton, Barnsley, Darfield, Wath upon Dearne, Bolton on Dearne, Adwick upon Dearne and Mexborough to its confluence with the River Don at Denaby Main. Its main tributary is the River Dove, which joins it at Darfield. The river was one of those affected by the 2007 United Kingdom floods.

The course of the river is accessible to walkers, as the Dearne Way long distance footpath follows it from Dearne Head to its junction with the River Don. Places of interest along the Dearne include the Yorkshire Sculpture Park at Bretton Hall, and Monk Bretton Priory. The lower Dearne Valley, below Barnsley, is now also called Dearne Valley and is a regeneration area.

The river has been the subject of channel engineering, to ease the problem of flooding. A new channel was constructed for it near its mouth in the 1950s, as the old route had been affected by subsidence. Washlands, which can be progressively flooded as water levels rise, were constructed in the 1960s and 1970s. A flood relief channel and a regulator to restrict the flow was built at Bolton upon Dearne. During the 2007 United Kingdom floods, all of the washlands filled to capacity, but the regulator could not be operated as it had been vandalised.

With the development of industry and the Dearne and Dove Canal, the river became grossly polluted in the early nineteenth century, and fish populations died. The West Riding River Board tried to address the problems as early as 1896, with limited success, and much of the river remained dead until the 1980s, when concerted attempts were made to clean industrial effluents before they were discharged, and to improve sewage treatment processes. Despite some setbacks, fish populations had been partially reinstated by the early 1990s. Channel engineering was carried out at Denaby in the 1990s, to re-introduce bends, deep pools and shallow gravel riffles, to assist fish spawning. In June 2015, salmon were reported in the river for the first time in 150 years.

Scissett

Scissett is a village in West Yorkshire, England. It is 14 km (8 mi) south east of Huddersfield and 16 km (10 mi) north west of Barnsley. According to the 2001 census, the village had a population of 1,324. Scissett is halfway between the villages of Clayton West, Skelmanthorpe and Denby Dale on the A636 road to Wakefield.

River Dearne runs through the village, which was affected by the 2007 United Kingdom floods.

Scissett grew up around the woollen industry in the 19th century as mill owners built houses in the area for their workers. The nearby coalfields also provided employment. These industries are now gone and some of the mills are now retail units.

The Scissett Baths (and leisure centre) is one of the main attractions for the surrounding area.

Scissett has first and middle schools to provide education for children ages 4 to 13.

Scissett Youth Band began life in the village in 1978 but moved to Shelley Methodist Hall in 1991.

Tetford

Tetford is a village and civil parish in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England.

Thorpe Marsh Power Station

Thorpe Marsh Power Station was a 1 GW coal-fired power station near Barnby Dun in South Yorkshire, England.

The station was built in 1959 and closed in 1994.

In 2011, permission was given for the construction of a gas-fired power station on the site.

Upton Blues Festival

The Upton Blues Festival is a music festival held annually in the United Kingdom at Upton-on-Severn, Worcestershire, usually staged on the third weekend of July. Formed in 2001, seven local people each put £10 each to create a basic fund. The first festival in 2002 had 19 acts over the weekend in a few of the towns pubs, it is now one of the largest festivals in Worcestershire and the middle River Severn area.

The festival was heavily affected by the 2007 United Kingdom floods. Despite the weather and funding issues the festival continued with a new committee in 2008 and has grown rapidly since then. It now has three main stages and nine pub venues with over 135 gigs throughout the weekend in 2017, swamping this lovely riverside town with people and music.

Nominated in the UK Festivals Awards in 2012 this volunteer run festival was up against the biggest professional festivals in the country.

Winners of Visit Worcestershire Award “Best Festival & Events Award” in 2014

Winners of Blues in Britain "Best Blues Festival in the UK" award 2015 & 2016

In 2016 & 2017 LR Blues (Provided by Longside Radio) broadcast live on 87.7Mhz FM and on the internet for the duration of the festival. This was the first Blues festival to have its own FM radio station on the UK.

The Upton Blues Festival became a registered charity in 2012, charity Number 1148230. It is fully self funding (without major sponsorship or public funding) independent festival generating over £800,000 revenue for the town and surrounding area.

"In the last three years, Upton Blues Festival has invested over £8000 in programmes for

Schools and academies in the local area. Alongside regular songwriting workshops, instrumental

Master classes and lectures as part of the Festival, UBF has been Running outreach and education workshops for schools since 2009. Initially run as a one-day "Bluesical Youth" workshop and performance on festival

Friday in partnership with West Midlands Arts Colleges and The SSAT, The Festival now, with the support of RSA Academies, offers term-time, bespoke workshop and musical

support packages (including music therapy groups, instrument donation scheme and Blues master classes) to schools across Worcestershire and the Midlands. As of 2017 the two main stages are officially "opened" on Festival Friday with a student performance on each."

The festival also paid £40,000.00 to have the towns run down tennis courts turned into a Multi Use Play Area in 2015/16, for the use of all townsfolk and visitors.

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