2007 Estonian parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia on 4 March 2007. It was the world's first nationwide vote where part of the voting was carried out in the form of remote electronic voting via the internet.

The election saw the Estonian Reform Party emerged as the largest faction in the Riigikogu with 31 seats. The Estonian Centre Party finished second with 29 seats, whilst the new Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica lost 16 seats compared to the 35 won by the two parties in the 2003 elections. The Social Democrats gained 4 seats, whilst the Greens entered the Riigikogu for the first time with 7 seats and the People's Union lost seven of its 13 seats.

Estonian parliamentary election, 2007

4 March 2007

101 seats in the Riigikogu
51 seats were needed for a majority
  Portrait Andrus Ansip Edgar Savisaar 2005-crop IRL Tõnis Lukas
Leader Andrus Ansip Edgar Savisaar Tõnis Lukas and Taavi Veskimägi
Party Reform Centre Pro Patria and Res Publica
Last election 19 seats 28 seats 32 seats
Seats won 31 29 19
Seat change Increase12 Increase1 Decrease10
Popular vote 153,044 143,518 98,347
Percentage 27.8% 26.1% 17.9%

  Ivari Padar MEP 01 Lotman, Aleksei (cropped) KE Ester Tuiksoo
Leader Ivari Padar Aleksei Lotman Ester Tuiksoo
Party Social Democratic Greens People's Union
Last election 6 seats did not participate 13 seats
Seats won 10 6 6
Seat change Increase4 Increase6 Decrease7
Popular vote 58,363 39,279 39,215
Percentage 10.6% 7.1% 7.1%

Prime Minister before election

Andrus Ansip
Reform

Elected Prime Minister

Andrus Ansip
Reform

Estonia2007 by municipality
Leading party by municipality:
ERE EKE IM/RP SDE EMRL
  20–29%
  30–39%
  40–49%
  50–59%
  20–29%
  30–39%
  40–49%
  50–59%
  60–69%
  70–79%
  20–29%
  30–39%
  40–49%
  50–59%
  20–29%
  30–39%
  40–49%
  50–59%
  20–29%
  30–39%
  40–49%
  50–59%
  60–69%
  80–89%

Background

The Centre Party, led by the mayor of Tallinn Edgar Savisaar, had been increasingly excluded from collaboration, since his open collaboration with Putin's United Russia party, real estate scandals in Tallinn,[1] and the Bronze Soldier controversy, considered as a deliberate attempt to split Estonian society by provoking the Russian minority.[2]

Electoral system

In 2007 Estonia held its and the world's first national Internet election. Voting was available from February 26 to 28.[3] A total of 30,275 citizens (3.4%) used Internet voting.[4]

Electronic voting in Estonia began in October 2005 local elections when Estonia became the first country to have legally binding general elections using the Internet as a means of casting the vote and was declared a success by the Estonian election officials.

The electoral system was a two-tier semi-open list proportional representation system with a 5% (27,510.65 votes) election threshold.

Seats by electoral district

District number Electoral District Seats
1 Haabersti, Põhja-Tallinn and Kristiine districts in Tallinn 8
2 Kesklinn, Lasnamäe and Pirita districts in Tallinn 11
3 Mustamäe and Nõmme districts in Tallinn 8
4 Harjumaa (without Tallinn) and Raplamaa counties 13
5 Hiiumaa, Läänemaa and Saaremaa counties 7
6 Lääne-Virumaa county 6
7 Ida-Virumaa county 8
8 Järvamaa and Viljandimaa counties 8
9 Jõgevamaa and Tartumaa counties (without Tartu) 7
10 Tartu city 8
11 Võrumaa, Valgamaa and Põlvamaa counties 9
12 Pärnumaa county 8

Results

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Estonian Reform Party 153,044 27.8 31 +12
Estonian Centre Party 143,518 26.1 29 +1
Pro Patria and Res Publica Union 98,347 17.9 19 –16
Social Democratic Party 58,363 10.6 10 +4
Estonian Greens 39,279 7.1 6 New
People's Union of Estonia 39,215 7.1 6 –7
Party of Estonian Christian Democrats 9,456 1.7 0 0
Constitution Party 5,464 1.0 0 0
Estonian Independence Party 1,273 0.2 0 0
Russian Party in Estonia 1,084 0.2 0 0
Estonian Left Party 607 0.1 0 0
Independents 563 0.1 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 5,250
Total 555,463 100 101 0
Registered voters/turnout 897,243 61.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver,[5] IPU

References

  1. ^ Savisaar's and Kruuda's mutual gifts
  2. ^ Lõhestaja number üks Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine Postimees
  3. ^ Estonia to hold first national Internet election, News.com, February 21, 2007
  4. ^ Estonia Scores World Web First In National Polls, InformationWeek February 28, 2007
  5. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, pp585–588 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7

External links

Estonian Centre Party

The Estonian Centre Party (Estonian: Eesti Keskerakond) is a centrist, social-liberal, and populist political party in Estonia. It is one of the two largest political parties in Estonia and currently has 27 seats in the Estonian Parliament. The Party is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE).

The party was founded on 12 October 1991 from the basis of the Popular Front of Estonia after several parties split from it. At that time, the party was called People's Centre Party (Rahvakeskerakond) in order to differentiate from the smaller centre-right Rural Centre Party (Maa-Keskerakond).

The Centre Party chairman from 5 November 2016 is Jüri Ratas.The Centre Party has become by far the most popular party among Russians in Estonia, being supported by up to 75% of ethnic non-Estonians.

List of elections in 2007

The following elections occurred in the year 2007.

Electoral calendar 2007

Elections in 2007

United Nations Security Council election, 2007

Social Democratic Party (Estonia)

The Social Democratic Party (Estonian: Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond, SDE) is a social-democratic political party in Estonia, currently led by Jevgeni Ossinovski.The party was formerly known as the Moderate People's Party (Estonian: Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad). The SDE has been a member of the Party of European Socialists since 16 May 2003 and a member of the Socialist International since November 1990. In spite of its nominal ideology, it has normally governed with the right-wing parties.The party has served as a junior coalition partner in the Ratas cabinet since 23 November 2016.

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