The 2006 Canadian Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. Census day was May 16, 2006. The following census was the 2011 Census. Canada's total population enumerated by the 2006 census was 31,612,897. This count was lower than the official July 1, 2006 population estimate of 32,623,490 people.
|2006 Canadian Census|
|Date taken||May 16, 2006|
Over 12.7 million households, 32.5 million people were expected to be counted. Canada Post delivered census forms by mail to 70% of the country, primarily residents in urban areas. Census enumerators delivered to the remaining 30% of households. Every fifth home received the long questionnaire (53 questions versus 8 questions on the short form). For the first time, Canadian residents were able to go online to fill in their forms. Statistics Canada expected approximately 20% of households to file their surveys electronically. Persistent census staff are contacting tardy households. The total estimated cost of the 2006 census is $567 million spread over seven years, employing more than 25,000 full and part-time census workers.
New in the 2006 Census Questionnaire:
Questions not asked in the 2006 Census:
As the data were compiled, Statistics Canada released various census data products. The first set of data products was released on March 13, 2007, originally scheduled for release on February 13, 2007, covering population and dwelling counts by geographical unit. This was followed by other census data products.
The first release of 2006 Census data was on March 13, 2007, covering population and dwelling counts by geographical unit.
Population of the provinces and territories
|Province / territory
per square kilometre
|Newfoundland and Labrador||505,469||-1.5||235,958||1.36|
|Prince Edward Island||135,851||+0.4||62,753||23.9|
* This change is likely overstated due to improvements in coverage of the Northwest Territories in 2006.
The second release of 2006 Census data was on July 17, 2007, covering age and sex of the Canadian population. Among other findings, Statistics Canada reported that the 65-and-over population was at a record high of 13.7% of the total population of Canada. By comparison, the 2001 census found that the 65-and-over population was 13.0% of the total population of Canada.
|Province / territory||0 to 14||15-64||65+||Males||Females|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||78,230||356,975||70,265||245,730||259,740|
|Prince Edward Island||23,985||91,685||20,185||65,595||70,260|
The following table displays various census data (derived from the 20% sample that completed the long questionnaire) on marital status for the Canadian population aged 15 years or more, as well as data on the number of couples by various criteria, and where available the percentage change from the 2001 census:
|Population aged 15 years and over||26,033,060||+7.2|
|Legally married (and not separated)||12,470,400||+3.8|
|Separated, but still legally married||775,425||+5.7|
|In a common-law relationship||2,731,635||+19.6|
|In a same-sex union||90,695||+32.6|
|Male same-sex married couples||4,010|
|Female same-sex married couples||3,455|
|Male same-sex common-law couples||20,730|
|Female same-sex common-law couples||17,155|
|Married couples with children||3,443,775||-0.7|
|Married couples without children||2,662,130||+9.5|
|Common-law couples with children||618,150||+16.4|
|Common-law couples without children||758,715||+20.9|
The fourth release of 2006 Census data was on December 4, 2007 and covered immigration, citizenship, language, mobility, migration and other population data.
The fifth release of 2006 Census data was on January 15, 2008, covering aboriginal peoples.
The eighth release of 2006 Census data was on May 1, 2008, covering income and earnings, and shelter costs.
In contrast to 1996 focus-groups that found it important to know the legal requirement at the outset, participants of 2005 focus-groups were annoyed or provoked by draft ads reminding Canadians about the census law. As a result of the finding, Statistics Canada's initial newspaper, radio and TV ads avoided mention of the legal requirement. Instead, reference to the census law was highlighted only in ads appearing after census day, to capture late filers.
To encourage participation, Statistics Canada set aside $13 million for "saturation" advertising, including billboards, bookmarks, inserts in municipal tax bills, and ads on bags of sugar and milk cartons.
Statistics Canada reports less than 20% of the work will be outsourced, spending $85 million over 5 years. Despite an open public tender process, controversy arose on the announcement of a $43.3 million deal awarded to Lockheed Martin Canada—a subsidiary of Lockheed Martin, the world's largest defense contractor by defense revenue—for the purchase of scanning and printing software and hardware.
A variety of forms were available in both official languages, varying in length, colour, and recipient's location.
Most households (80%) received the short form (2A):
One in five received the long form (2B):
Federal and provincial employees and their families working in embassies and National Defence bases abroad (2C):
In the three northern territories and on Aboriginal communities and settlements (2D):
Census of Agriculture (6):
Special interest groups criticised Statistics Canada over the design of questions, accuracy, and the future of the census data:
In addition, Statistics Canada's online questionnaire had been criticized over accessibility issues:
The quality of data was further hampered by individuals who advocated minimal cooperation or non-cooperation, in protest to the outsourcing contract awarded to Lockheed Martin. Many people believed that Lockheed Martin would have access to their information, and that the US government could then access that information through the USA PATRIOT Act. However, despite assurances to the contrary (i.e., only Statistics Canada employees would and could handle, store, and access the information), some people refused to participate fully in the Census.
The release of data was postponed to numerous issues during enumeration. These included:
As a result, the first release of data from the census, originally scheduled for release on February 13, 2007, was delayed to March 13, 2007.
Cloridorme is a township municipality in the Gaspé Peninsula, Quebec, Canada. Cloridorme's economy is centered on fishing. Its population, according to the 2006 Canadian Census was 764. The township stretches for 16 kilometres (10 mi) along the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and includes Cloridorme Bay where the Little and Great Cloridorme Rivers have their mouths.
In addition to the village of Cloridorme itself, the township's territory also includes the communities of Cloridorme-Ouest, Petite-Anse, Pointe-à-la-Frégate, and Saint-Yvon.
The name Cloridorme is of uncertain origin. It is believed that it was named after an early settler from the early 19th century named Cloridan Côté, originally from Saint-Thomas-de-Montmagny. But this is unlikely since the name had been in use since the 18th century. A map of 1755 shows the plural form "Les Cloridormes", which had changed to "Les Chlorydormes" by the 19th century and remained in use until the early 20th century.Codys, New Brunswick
Codys is a community in Queens County, New Brunswick named after the United Empire Loyalist Cody Family. The 2006 Canadian Census found a population of 406.Czech Canadians
Czech Canadians are Canadian citizens of Czech ancestry or Czech Republic-born people who reside in Canada. It also includes people descended from, the territory of the historic Czech lands, constituting the Kingdom of Bohemia (consisting of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia), or successor states, now known as the Czech Republic the Czechs' nation state. In the 19th century, they were frequently called Bohemians. According to the 2006 Canadian census, there were 98,090 Canadians of full or partial Czech descent.Fairbank, Toronto
Fairbank is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The area covers a large central portion of the former City of York, Ontario centered on the intersection of Dufferin Street and Eglinton Avenue West. Fairbank includes the neighbourhoods of Briar Hill–Belgravia (North of Eglinton Avenue West) and Caledonia–Fairbank (South of Eglinton Avenue West). The western border is the CNR lines. The northern and southern borders are the former borders of the City of York and the eastern border is Dufferin Street (Oakwood–Vaughan).Filipino Canadians
Filipino Canadians (French: Canadiens philippins; Filipino: Pilipinong Kanadyano; Baybayin: ᜉᜒᜎᜒᜉᜒᜈᜓ ᜃᜈᜇᜒᜌᜈᜓ) are Canadians of Filipino descent. Filipino Canadians are the third largest subgroup of the overseas Filipinos and one of the fastest growing groups in Canada.
Canada only had a small population of Filipinos until the late 20th century. As of the 2016 Canadian Census, there are 851,410 people of Filipino descent living in Canada, most living in urbanized areas. This number is growing yearly due to Canada's more liberal immigration laws to compensate for their low population growth. Filipino Canadians are the third-largest Asian Canadian group in the nation after the Indian and Chinese communities. They are also the largest Southeast Asian group in the country. Between the 2011 Census and the 2016 Census, the Filipino community in Canada grew from 662,605 to 851,410, a growth of about 27%, compared to the rest of Canada which grew by 5% in the same time period.Flemish Canadians
According to the 2006 Canadian census, 12,425 Canadians claimed full or partial Flemish ancestry while another 168,915 people claimed Belgian ancestry.Jackson's Arm
Jackson's Arm is a town in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, located on White Bay. It was settled by John Wicks of Christchurch, England, around 1870. The Post Office was established in 1892 and the first Postmistress was Belinda Peddle. The town had a population of 435 in 1956 and 374 as of the 2006 Canadian census. The primary industry of the town is fishing.Kensington Market
Kensington Market is a distinctive multicultural neighbourhood in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The Market is an older neighbourhood and one of the city's most well-known. In November 2006, it was designated a National Historic Site of Canada. Robert Fulford wrote in 1999 that "Kensington today is as much a legend as a district. The (partly) outdoor market has probably been photographed more often than any other site in Toronto."Its approximate borders are College St. on the north, Spadina Ave. on the east, Dundas St. W. to the south, and Bathurst St. to the west. Most of the neighbourhood's eclectic shops, cafes, and other attractions are located along Augusta Ave. and neighbouring Nassau St., Baldwin St., and Kensington Ave. In addition to the Market, the neighbourhood features many Victorian homes, the Kensington Community School and Toronto Western Hospital.Lanigan, Saskatchewan
Lanigan (pop. 1300) is a town in south-central Saskatchewan, Canada, at the intersection of TransCanada Yellowhead Highway 16 and Highway 20, approximately 117 km east of Saskatoon and 170 km north of Regina.Luseland
Luseland, Saskatchewan is a small town in Rural Municipality Progress No. 351, Saskatchewan in the west central region of the province. Its population as of the 2006 Canadian Census is 571, down 5% from the 2001 Census.It is known as the hometown of Canadian business magnate Jim Pattison.Meota, Saskatchewan
Meota is a village in Meota Rural Municipality No. 468, Saskatchewan, Canada. The village's population was 297 at the 2006 Canadian Census. The village name is derived from the Cree phrase Meotate or Mo-Was-In-Ota, meaning "good place to camp" or "it is good here."Moore Park, Toronto
Moore Park is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It lies along both sides of St. Clair Avenue East between the Vale of Avoca section of Rosedale ravine and Moore Park ravine (formerly Spring Valley ravine). The northern boundary is Mount Pleasant Cemetery and the southern the Canadian Pacific Railway tracks. Moore Park is one of Toronto's most affluent neighbourhoods.
The neighbourhood takes its name from its developer, John T. Moore. To encourage buyers, he built two bridges in 1891: the original steel bridge on St. Clair over the Vale of Avoca, and the original wooden bridge on Moore Avenue over Spring Valley ravine. He also helped establish railway service to the neighbourhood, overseeing the connection of the area to the Toronto Belt Line Railway, a commuter railway. The development was marketed to the wealthy, and the neighbourhood remains wealthy. Moore Park was annexed by the City of Toronto on December 16, 1912.Census tract 0125.00 of the 2006 Canadian census covers Moore Park. According to that census, the neighbourhood has 4,474 residents, down 2% from the 2001 census. Average income is CA$154,825, one of the highest incomes of all Toronto neighbourhoods, and not far below neighbouring Rosedale. The neighbourhood is almost entirely English speaking.Norquay, Saskatchewan
Norquay is a town in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It was named after John Norquay, premier of Manitoba from 1878 to 1887. It is the administrative headquarters of the Key Saulteaux First Nation band government.Pointe-Calumet, Quebec
Pointe-Calumet is a municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec. The municipality is located within the Deux-Montagnes Regional County Municipality in the Laurentides region. It is situated about 30 minutes northwest of Montreal. Its population as of the 2006 Canadian Census is just over 6 000.Saint-Basile, New Brunswick
Not to be confused with Saint-Basile Parish, New Brunswick.
Saint-Basile is a community in Madawaska County, New Brunswick, Canada. Formerly a separate municipality, it was amalgamated into the City of Edmundston on May 25, 1998. The 2006 Canadian Census recorded a population of 3751.Sechelt
The District Municipality of Sechelt is located on the lower Sunshine Coast of British Columbia. Approximately 50 km northwest of Vancouver, it is accessible from mainland British Columbia by a 40-minute ferry trip between Horseshoe Bay and Langdale, and a 25-minute drive from Langdale along Highway 101, also known as the Sunshine Coast Highway. The name Sechelt is derived from the Sechelt language word, shishalh, the name of the First Nations people who first settled the area thousands of years ago.
The original Village of Sechelt was incorporated on February 15, 1956. Sechelt later expanded its boundaries in 1986 with the inclusion of a number of adjacent unincorporated areas. The District of Sechelt, as it is known today, encompasses some 39.71 km² (15.33 sq mi) at the isthmus of the Sechelt Peninsula, between the southern tip of Sechelt Inlet (Porpoise Bay) and the Strait of Georgia that separates the provincial mainland from Vancouver Island.
Sechelt is a seaside community with approx. 35 kilometers of Pacific Ocean shoreline that extends primarily along the coastline of the Sunshine Coast, and is bounded to the west and east by the unincorporated communities of Halfmoon Bay and Roberts Creek, respectively. The 2006 Canadian census placed its population at 8,455. Sechelt is the seat of the Sunshine Coast Regional District of British Columbia.
Although its population is relatively small for its geographical area, Sechelt has several distinct neighbourhoods. From east to west, they are Wilson Creek, Davis Bay, Selma Park, the original Village of Sechelt, and West Sechelt. Several neighbourhoods around Sechelt Inlet were also included in Sechelt's 1986 incorporation as a district; these include West Porpoise Bay, East Porpoise Bay, Sandy Hook, Tillicum Bay and Tuwanek. The municipal government of the Shishalh First Nation, which contains a substantial commercial district, is immediately east of Sechelt's "downtown" village.Slovak Canadians
Slovak Canadians are citizens of Canada who were born in Slovakia or who are of full or partial Slovak ancestry. According to the 2006 Canadian census, there were 64,145 Canadians of full or partial Slovak descent.Squamish-Lillooet Regional District
The Squamish-Lillooet Regional District is a quasi-municipal administrative area in British Columbia, Canada. It stretches from Britannia Beach in the south to Pavilion in the north. Lillooet, Pemberton, Whistler and Squamish are the four municipalities in the regional district. Its administrative offices are in the Village of Pemberton, although the district municipalities of Squamish, Whistler, and Lillooet are all larger population centres. The district covers 16,353.68 km² (6,314.19 sq mi) of land area.
The southern end of the regional district comprises the northern part of the traditional territory of the Squamish people, and the northern half constitutes the traditional homeland of the St'at'imc people.Sturgis, Saskatchewan
Sturgis is a town of 620 people in east central Saskatchewan, Canada. The Town of Sturgis is 95 km north of Yorkton on Highway 9. It is located in the Assiniboine river valley near the lakes and woods region of the province.
The community was named for Sturgis, South Dakota, where Fred Clyde Brooks, the first postmaster, had been raised.The Sturgis railway station receives scheduled Via Rail service.