2002 Brazilian general election

General elections were held in Brazil on 6 October 2002, with a second round on 27 October. After three failed attempts, Workers' Party leader Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva succeeded in a presidential election. Nevertheless, he did not manage to obtain the majority of valid votes in the first round; this led the presidential election to a second round, which Lula won with 52.7 million votes (61.3% of the total), becoming at the time the second most voted-for president in the world after Ronald Reagan in the 1984 United States presidential election.

Brazilian general election, 2002

6 October 2002 (First round)
27 October 2002 (Second round)
Turnout79.53%
  Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Serra02032007-2
Candidate Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva José Serra
Party PT PSDB
Home state Pernambuco/São Paulo São Paulo
Running mate José Alencar Rita Camata
States carried 25 + DF 1
Popular vote 52,772,475 33,356,860
Percentage 61.3% 38.7%

2002 Brazilian presidential election map (Round 2)
Presidential election results map after the second round of voting: Red denotes states won by Lula, and Blue denotes those won by Serra.

President before election

Fernando Henrique Cardoso
PSDB

Elected President

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
PT

Background

During the second term of the Fernando Henrique Cardoso administration, a serious economic crisis began in Brazil as an impact of the 1997 Asian financial crisis. Commencing shortly after the 1998 elections, when Cardoso was re-elected, as a currency crisis, it resulted in a decrease in growth and employment rates and a rise in public debt. In an environment of distrust and uncertainty for investment, many investors feared the measures that were going to be taken if a left-wing candidate won the election. As a matter of fact, when Lula would rise in the polls, the so-called "Brazil risk" index, which measures the confidence of investors in the country, would also rise. The media called this the "Lula risk", indicating that if Lula was to win the election, the economy would fail. Lula was then forced to sign a text that became known as Carta aos Brasileiros (Letter to the Brazilian people), promising that if he won the election, he would not change the economic policy of Brazil. Many in the left-wing saw this as a shift to the center from Lula and his Workers' Party, which openly defended a transition to socialist economy in the 1989 presidential election.

Presidential candidates

# Presidential candidate Vice-Presidential candidate Party/coalition
13 Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) Jose alencar 23 out 2007 José Alencar (PL)
"Lula President"
PT, PL, PCdoB, PMN, PCB[a]
16 (2015-06-04) 2º Congresso Nacional da CSP-Conlutas Dia1 152 Romerito Pontes (18687750336) José Maria de Almeida (PSTU) Dayse de Oliveira (PSTU)
United Socialist Workers' Party (PSTU)
23 Cirogomes2006 Ciro Gomes (PPS) Paulinho d'Força Paulo Pereira da Silva (PTB)
"Labour Front"
PPS, PTB, PDT
29 Rui Costa Pimenta (PCO) Pedro Paulo de Abreu (PCO)
Workers' Cause Party (PCO)
40 Anthony Garotinho 24559.jpeg Anthony Garotinho (PSB) José Antonio Figueiredo (PSB)
"Brazil Hope"
PSB, PGT, PTC, PSC
45 José Serra no Rio José Serra (PSDB) Deputada Rita Camata Rita Camata (PMDB)
"Great Alliance"
PSDB, PMDB[b]
  1. ^ Unofficially supporting parties: PV and PMDB in some states. In the second round: PPS, PDT, PTB, PSB, PGT, PSC, PTC and PHS.
  2. ^ Supporting parties in the second round: PFL, PPB, PSL, PTN, PSDC, PRTB, PSD, PRP, PAN and PTdoB.

Results

President

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Luis Inácio Lula da Silva Workers' Party 39,454,692 46.44 52,793,364 61.27
José Serra Party of the Brazilian Social Democracy 19,705,061 23.19 33,370,739 38.72
Anthony Garotinho Brazilian Socialist Party 15,179,879 17.86
Ciro Gomes Socialist People's Party 10,170,666 11.97
José Maria de Almeida United Socialist Workers' Party 402,232 0.47
Rui Costa Pimenta Workers' Cause Party 38,619 0.04
Invalid/blank votes 9,852,977 5,500,156
Total 94,804,126 100 91,664,259 100
Registered voters/turnout 115,253,816 82.26 115,253,447 79.53
Source: TRE, TRE

Congress

 Summary of the 6 October 2002 National Congress of Brazil election results
Parties Chamber of Deputies Federal Senate
Votes % Seats % Total seats elected in 2002
Workers' Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores) 16,093,987 18.4 91 . 14 10
Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Partido da Social-Democracia Brasileira) 12,534,774 14.3 71 . 11 8
Liberal Front Party (Partido da Frente Liberal) 11,706,231 13.4 84 . 19 14
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro) 11,692,011 13.4 74 . 19 9
Progressive Party (Partido Progresista) 6,840,041 7.8 49 . 1 -
Brazilian Socialist Party (Partido Socialista Brasileiro) 4,616,860 5.3 22 . 4 3
Democratic Labour Party (Partido Democrático Trabalhista) 4,482,528 5.1 21 . 5 4
Brazilian Labour Party (Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro) 4,052,107 4.6 26 . 3 2
Liberal Party (Partido Liberal) 3,780,259 4.3 26 . 3 2
Socialist People's Party (Partido Popular Socialista) 2,682,339 3.1 15 . 1 1
Communist Party of Brazil (Partido Comunista do Brasil) 1,967,833 2.2 12 . - -
Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order (Partido da Reedificação da Ordem Nacional) 1,804,655 2.1 6 . - -
Green Party (Partido Verde) 1,182,364 1.4 5 . - -
Social Christian Party (Partido Social Cristão) 504,611 0.6 1 . - -
Social Labour Party (Partido Social Trabalhista) 504,044 0.6 3 . - -
Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrático) 452,386 0.5 4 . 1 1
Social Liberal Party (Partido Social Liberal) 408,512 0.5 1 . - -
Brazilian Labour Renewal Party (Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro) 304,092 0.3 - . - -
Humanist Party of Solidarity (Partido Humanista de Solidaridade) 294,920 0.3 - . - -
Party of National Mobilization (Partido da Mobilização Nacional) 282,875 0.3 1 . - -
Progressive Republican Party (Partido Republicano Progresista) 251,970 0.2 - . - -
General Party of the Workers (Partido Geral dos Trabalhadores) 194,686 0.2 - . - -
Christian Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrata Cristão) 192,545 0.2 1 . - -
Labour Party of Brazil (Partido Trabalhista do Brasil ) 168,639 0.2 - . - -
United Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores) 159,251 0.2 - . - -
Party of the Nation's Retirees (Partido dos Aposentados da Naçao) 126,663 0.1 - . - -
National Labor Party (Partido Trabalhista Nacional) 118,471 0.1 - . - -
Christian Labour Party (Partido Trabalhista Cristão) 74,955 0.1 - . - -
Brazilian Communist Party (Partido Comunista Brasileiro) 45,963 0.1 - . - -
Party of the Working Class's Cause (Partido da Causa Operária) 29,351 0.1 - . - -
Total (turnout 82.3 %) 87,549,923 100 513 81 54
Source: Banco de Dados Eleitorais do Brasil
2018 Ciro Gomes presidential campaign

The 2018 presidential campaign of Ciro Gomes was announced on 8 March 2018. At the Democratic Labour Party (PDT) convention on 20 July, Gomes was officialized as the party candidate for President of Brazil. His running mate, Kátia Abreu, former Minister of Agriculture in Dilma Rousseff's government, was confirmed as his running mate on 5 August, last day of political parties conventions. Ciro Gomes' party formed the coalition Sovereign Brazil with AVANTE.Gomes finished third in the first round, receiving around 12.47% of the vote. He has signaled his opposition to Jair Bolsonaro for the run-off, although he has not formally endorsed Bolsonaro's opponent Fernando Haddad.

List of elections in 2002

The following elections occurred in the year 2002.

Bahraini parliamentary election, 2002

Comorian presidential election, 2002

East Timorese presidential election, 2002

Fijian municipal election, 2002

Hong Kong Chief Executive election, 2002

Malagasy parliamentary election, 2002

New Zealand general election, 2002

Seychellois parliamentary election, 2002

South Korean presidential election, 2002

Tongan general election, 2002

Tuvaluan general election, 2002

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