2001 Australian federal election

Federal elections were held in Australia on 10 November 2001. All 150 seats in the House of Representatives and 40 seats in the 76-member Senate were up for election. The incumbent Liberal Party of Australia led by Prime Minister of Australia John Howard and coalition partner the National Party of Australia led by John Anderson defeated the opposition Australian Labor Party led by Kim Beazley.

Australian federal election, 2001

10 November 2001

All 150 seats in the House of Representatives
76 seats were needed for a majority in the House
40 (of the 76) seats in the Senate
Registered12,054,664
Turnout94.9%
  Image-Howard2003upr Kim Beazley crop
Leader John Howard Kim Beazley
Party Liberal/National coalition Labor
Leader since 30 January 1995 19 March 1996
Leader's seat Bennelong (NSW) Brand (WA)
Last election 80 seats 67 seats
Seats won 82 seats 65 seats
Seat change Increase2 Decrease2
Popular vote 5,846,289 5,627,785
Percentage 50.95% 49.05%
Swing Increase1.93 Decrease1.93

Prime Minister before election

John Howard
Liberal/National coalition

Subsequent Prime Minister

John Howard
Liberal/National coalition

Results

House of Representatives results

Australian House of Representatives elected members, 2001
Government (82)
Coalition
     Liberal (68)
     National (13)
     CLP (1)

Opposition (65)
     Labor (65)

Crossbench (3)
     Independent (3)
2004 Election Australia Gallagher Index
The disproportionality of the lower house in the 2004 election was 8.67 according to the Gallagher Index, mainly between the Liberal and Green Parties.
2001 Election Australia Gallagher Index
The disproportionality of the lower house in the 2001 election was 9.43 according to the Gallagher Index, mainly between the Coalition and Labor Parties.
House of Reps (IRV) — 2001–04 – Turnout 94.85% (CV) — Informal 4.82%
Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Liberal–National coalition 4,924,959 42.92 +3.41 82 +2
  Liberal 4,244,072 36.99 +3.10 68 +4
  National 643,926 5.61 +0.32 13 −3
  Country Liberal 36,961 0.32 –0.00 1 +1
  Labor 4,341,420 37.84 −2.26 65 −2
  Democrats 620,197 5.41 +0.28 0 0
  Greens 569,074 4.96 +2.82 0 0
  One Nation 498,032 4.34 −4.09 0 0
  Christian Democrats 69,294 0.60 +0.02 0 0
  Unity 24,653 0.21 −0.58 0 0
  Citizens Electoral Council 18,352 0.16 +0.09 0 0
  Liberals for Forests 16,042 0.14 +0.14 0 0
  No GST 14,164 0.12 +0.10 0 0
  Against Further Information 12,033 0.10 +0.10 0 0
  Save the ADI Site 6,029 0.05 +0.05 0 0
  Progressive Labour 4,467 0.04 −0.02 0 0
  Lower Excise Fuel and Beer 4,292 0.04 +0.04 0 0
  HEMP 3,277 0.03 +0.03 0 0
  Curtin Labor Alliance 2,496 0.02 +0.02 0 0
  Non-Custodial Parents 769 0.01 +0.01 0 0
  Fishing 720 0.01 +0.01 0 0
  Tasmania First 621 0.01 −0.03 0 0
  Outdoor Recreation 485 0.00 +0.00 0 0
  Independents 332,118 2.89 +0.95 3 +2
  Total 11,474,074     150
Two-party-preferred vote
  Coalition WIN 50.95 +1.93 82 +2
  Labor   49.05 −1.93 65 -2

Independents: Peter Andren, Tony Windsor, Bob Katter

Popular Vote
Labor
37.84%
Liberal
37.40%
National
5.61%
Democrats
5.51%
Greens
4.96%
One Nation
4.34%
CLP
0.32%
Independents
2.71%
Other
1.41%
Two Party Preferred Vote
Coalition
50.95%
Labor
49.05%
Parliament Seats
Coalition
54.67%
Labor
43.33%
Independents
2.00%

Senate results

Australian Senate elected members, 2001
Government (35)
Coalition
     Liberal (31)
     National (3)
     CLP (1)

Opposition (28)
     Labor (28)

Crossbench (12)
     Democrats (8)
     Greens (2)
     One Nation (1)
     Independent (2)
Senate (STV GV) — 2002–05 – Turnout 95.20% (CV) — Informal 3.89%
Party Votes % Swing Seats Won Seats Held
  Australian Labor Party 3,990,997 34.42 -2.99 14 28
  Liberal/National (Joint Ticket) 2,776,052 23.88 +2.00 6  
  Liberal Party of Australia 1,824,745 15.69 +2.06 12 31
  Australian Democrats 843,130 7.25 -1.20 4 8
  One Nation 644,364 5.54 -3.44 0 1
  Australian Greens 574,543 4.94 +2.22 2 2
  National Party of Australia 222,860 1.92 +0.06 1 3
  Christian Democratic Party 129,966 1.12 +0.03 0 0
  liberals for forests 87,672 0.75 * 0 0
  Progressive Labour Party 76,150 0.65 * 0 0
  Democratic Labor Party 66,547 0.57 +0.30 0 0
  Help End Marijuana Prohibition 63,648 0.55 * 0 0
  No GST Party 50,053 0.43 +0.29 0 0
  Country Liberal Party 40,680 0.35 +0.03 1 1
  Phil Cleary – Independent Australia 36,122 0.31 * 0 0
  Unity Party 30,193 0.26 -0.57 0 0
  The Fishing Party 27,591 0.24 * 0 0
  Lower Excise Fuel and Beer Party 23,767 0.20 * 0 0
  Australians Against Further Immigration 21,012 0.18 +0.11 0 0
  Republican Party of Australia 9,939 0.09 +0.08 0 0
  Citizens Electoral Council 8,896 0.08 +0.00 0 0
  Reform the Legal System 8,199 0.07 * 0 0
  Helen Caldicott – Our Common Future 5,358 0.05 * 0 0
  Nuclear Disarmament Party 4,596 0.04 -0.05 0 0
  Non-Custodial Parents Party 4,071 0.04 * 0 0
  Tasmania First Party 3,895 0.03 -0.01 0 0
  Curtin Labor Alliance 3,494 0.03 * 0 0
  Hope Party Australia 2,947 0.03 * 0 0
  Advance Australia Party 1,936 0.02 * 0 0
  Taxi Operators' Political Service 670 0.01 +0.01 0 0
  Other 43,712 0.38 +0.08 0 0
  Harradine Group * * * 0 1
  Shayne Murphy * * * 0 1
  Total 11,627,529     40 76

House of Representatives preference flows

  • The Nationals had candidates in 14 seats where three-cornered-contests existed, with 87.34% of preferences favouring the Liberal Party.
  • The Democrats contested 145 electorates with preferences favouring Labor (64.13%).
  • The Greens contested 145 electorates with preferences strongly favouring Labor (74.83%).
  • One Nation contested 120 electorates with preferences slightly favouring the Liberal/National Coalition (55.87%).

Seats changing hands

The following table indicates seats that changed hands from one party to another at this election. It compares the election results with the previous margins, taking into account redistributions in New South Wales, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania and both territories. As a result, it includes the seats of Macarthur and Parramatta, which were held by Liberal members but had notional Labor margins. The table does not include the new seat of Hasluck (retained by Labor); the abolished Northern Territory, which was divided into Lingiari (retained by Labor) and Solomon (retained by the CLP); or Paterson, a Labor seat made Liberal by the redistribution

Seat Pre-2001 Swing Post-2001
Party Member Margin[1] Margin Member Party
Ballarat, Vic   Liberal Michael Ronaldson 2.77 5.50 2.73 Catherine King Labor  
Canning, WA   Labor Jane Gerick 0.04 0.42 0.38 Don Randall Liberal  
Dickson, Qld   Labor Cheryl Kernot 0.12 6.09 5.97 Peter Dutton Liberal  
Dobell, NSW   Labor Hon Michael Lee 1.53 1.91 0.38 Ken Ticehurst Liberal  
Farrer, NSW   National Tim Fischer 14.18 N/A 16.37 Sussan Ley Liberal  
Kennedy, Qld   National Bob Katter 11.19 N/A 19.69 Bob Katter Independent  
Macarthur, NSW   Labor notional 1.69 8.65 6.96 Pat Farmer Liberal  
New England, NSW   National Stuart St. Clair 13.66 N/A 8.30 Tony Windsor Independent  
Parramatta, NSW   Labor notional 2.49 3.64 1.15 Ross Cameron Liberal  
Ryan, Qld   Labor Leonie Short* 0.17 8.79 8.62 Michael Johnson Liberal  
  • *Leonie Short was elected to Ryan in a by-election earlier in 2001.

Background

ABC news report of the Tampa affair and its political context, October 2001.

Throughout much of 2001, the Coalition had been trailing Labor in opinion polls, thanks to dissatisfaction with the government's economic reform programme and high petrol prices. The opposition Australian Labor Party had won a majority of the two-party-preferred vote at the previous election and had won a series of state and territory elections. Labor also recorded positive swings in two by-elections, taking the Queensland seat of Ryan and coming close in Aston.

The September 11 attacks, and the Children Overboard and Tampa affairs, were strong influences in the minds of voters at the election, focusing debate around the issues of border protection and national security. Polls swung strongly toward the coalition after the "Tampa" controversy but before the 11 September attacks.

In fact, voter concern with terrorism in the aftermath of September 11 was noted, with the rise in the combined primary votes of the major parties from 79.61% at the previous election in 1998, to 81.17% at this election. There would be further increases in the combined major party primary vote in 2004 and 2007.

Another major issue was the collapse of the country's second-biggest airline Ansett Australia and the question of whether it should be given a bailout. The Coalition was opposed to any bailout because the collapse was not the government's fault. However, Labor supported a bailout, because the company's collapse was about to result in the biggest mass job loss in Australian history, whilst also arguing that the government was partially responsible for allowing Ansett to be taken over by Air New Zealand, a move which had caused Ansett's failure.[2] Although the two-party preferred result was reasonably close, the ALP recorded its lowest primary vote since 1934.[3]

Political scientists have suggested that television coverage has subtly transformed the political system, with a spotlight on leaders rather than parties, thereby making for more of an American presidential-style system. In this election, television news focused on international issues, especially terrorism and asylum seekers. Minor parties were largely ignored as the two main parties monopolised the media's attention. The election was depicted as a horse-race between Howard and Beazley, with Howard running ahead and therefore being given more coverage than his Labor rival.[4]

The election-eve Newspoll forecast that the Liberal/National Coalition would get 53 percent of the two-party-preferred vote.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Electoral Newsfile 97: Seat Status including notional seat status for SA, NSW, Tas, WA and NT Divisions". Australian Electoral Commission. 2001.
  2. ^ "Tampa issue improves Coalition election prospects: ABC 7.30 report 4/9/2001". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 2010-06-13.
  3. ^ "australianpolitics.com". australianpolitics.com. Retrieved 2010-06-13.
  4. ^ David Denemark, Ian Ward, and Clive Bean, Election Campaigns and Television News Coverage: The Case of the 2001 Australian Election. Australian Journal of Political Science. (2007) 42#1 pp: 89-109 online
  5. ^ "Newspoll archive since 1987". Polling.newspoll.com.au.tmp.anchor.net.au. Retrieved 2016-07-30.

External links

Andrew Bartlett

Andrew John Julian Bartlett (born 4 August 1964) is an Australian politician, academic, and social campaigner who served as a Senator for Queensland from 1997 to 2008 and from 2017 to 2018. He represented the Australian Democrats in his first stint in the Senate, including as party leader from 2002 to 2004 and deputy leader from 2004 to 2008. In November 2017, he returned to the Senate as a member of the Australian Greens, replacing Larissa Waters after her disqualification during the parliamentary eligibility crisis. He resigned in August 2018 to allow Waters to return, but will contest the Division of Brisbane in the House of Representatives at the 2019 federal election.

Candidates of the 2001 Australian federal election

This article provides information on candidates who stood for the 2001 Australian federal election. The election was held on 10 November 2001.

Chris Aitken (Australian footballer)

Chris Aitken (born 26 October 1948) is a former Australian rules footballer who played with Melbourne in the Victorian Football League (VFL).His is the older brother of Melbourne musician and radio host, Wilbur Wilde. In the 2001 Australian federal election, he was the Australian Greens candidate in the Division of Gippsland, polling 5.55% of the vote.

He also played cricket, representing Victoria Country in two tour games. In 1978 he took four wickets in a match against an England XI at Leongatha and in 1980 played against touring New Zealanders.

Chris Taylor (comedian)

Christopher Thornton "Chris" Taylor (born 15 July 1974) is an Australian comedy writer, performer and broadcaster from Sydney. As a member of The Chaser, he is best known for co-writing and appearing on satirical ABC Television shows CNNNN (2002–2003) and The Chaser's War on Everything (2006 – July 2009). He formerly co-hosted the drive radio show Today Today (2004–05) on Triple J with fellow Chaser member Craig Reucassel, and in 2007, he wrote the musical comedy Dead Caesar. Taylor also hosted the mini documentary series 'Australia's Heritage: National Treasures'. In 2010, with his Chaser colleague Andrew Hansen, Taylor made a musical comedy series for Triple J titled The Blow Parade, which became the number one podcast in the country, and won the 2010 ARIA Award for Best Comedy Release.

Christmas Island

The Territory of Christmas Island is an Australian external territory comprising the island of the same name. Christmas Island is located in the Indian Ocean, around 350 kilometres (220 mi) south of Java and Sumatra and around 1,550 kilometres (960 mi) north-west of the closest point on the Australian mainland. It has an area of 135 square kilometres (52 sq mi).

Christmas Island had a population of 1,843 residents as of 2016, the majority of whom live in settlements on the northern tip of the island. The main settlement is Flying Fish Cove. Around two-thirds of the island's population is estimated to have Malaysian Chinese origin (though just 21.2% of the population declared a Chinese ancestry in 2016), with significant numbers of Malays and European Australians as well as smaller numbers of Malaysian Indians and Eurasians. Several languages are in use, including English, Malay, and various Chinese dialects. Islam and Buddhism are major religions on the island, though a vast majority of the population does not declare a formal religious affiliation and may be involved in ethnic Chinese religion.

The first European to sight the island was Richard Rowe of the Thomas in 1615. The island was later named on Christmas Day (25 December) 1643 by Captain William Mynors but only settled in the late 19th century. Its geographic isolation and history of minimal human disturbance has led to a high level of endemism among its flora and fauna, which is of interest to scientists and naturalists. The majority (63 percent) of the island is included in the Christmas Island National Park, which features several areas of primary monsoonal forest. Phosphate, deposited originally as guano, has been mined on the island since 1899.

Clarrie Isaacs

Clarence Frederick "Clarrie" Isaacs also known as Yaluritja and Ishak Mohamad Haj (9 April 1948 – 26 November 2003) was an Australian Aboriginal activist.

Irfan Yusuf

Irfan Yusuf (Urdu: عرفان یوسف‎) (born in 1969) is an Australian social commentator and author of the memoir Once Were Radicals: My years as a teenage Islamo-fascist.

List of elections in 2001

The following elections occurred in the year 2001.

Bangladeshi general election, 2001

East Timorese parliamentary election, 2001

Fijian general election, 2001

Iranian presidential election, 2001

Republic of China legislative election, 2001

Samoan general election, 2001

Singaporean general election, 2001

Solomon Islands general election, 2001

Sri Lankan parliamentary election, 2001

Thai general election, 2001

Non-Custodial Parents Party (Equal Parenting)

The Non-Custodial Parents Party (Equal Parenting) (originally known as the Non-Custodial Parents Party) is a minor political party in Australia. The party has members in all states and territories of Australia. It supports less government control of many aspects of daily family life. In particular, it puts forward a number of policies seeking changes in the areas of family law and child support.

The party is registered with the Australian Electoral Commission as a political party.

Results of the 2001 Australian federal election (Senate)

The following tables show state-by-state results in the Australian Senate at the 2001 federal election. Senators total 34 coalition (31 Liberal, two coalition National, one CLP), 28 Labor, two Green, one non-coalition National, eight Democrats, two Independents and one One Nation. Senator terms are six years (three for territories), and took their seats from 1 July 2002, except the territories who took their seats immediately.

SIEV X

SIEV X stands for Suspected Illegal Entry Vessel X. SIEV is the acronym used by the surveillance authority for any boat that has entered Australian waters without prior authorisation and the X is a designation where a tracking number has not or is yet to be assigned, in accordance with Australian Government orders. It is also used by author Tony Kevin, to refer to a dilapidated Indonesian fishing boat that was en route from Sumatra to Christmas Island carrying over 400 asylum seekers. It sank in international waters on 19 October 2001, just south of the Indonesian island of Java, killing 353 people. The tragedy was politically controversial in Australia, as it occurred during an election campaign at a time when asylum seekers and border protection were major issues.

Sharryn Jackson

Sharryn Maree Jackson (born 12 February 1962), Australian politician, was an Australian Labor Party member of the Australian House of Representatives. She served one term from 2001 representing the Division of Hasluck before losing the seat at the 2004 federal election. She regained the seat at the 2007 federal election and was then defeated at the 2010 federal election.

Jackson was an elected member of the National Executive of the Labor Party.

The Chaser

The Chaser is an Australian satirical comedy group. They are known for their television programmes on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation channel. The group take their name from their production of satirical newspaper, a publication known to challenge conventions of taste. The group's motto is "Striving for Mediocrity in a World of Excellence".The Chaser's earliest foundations were Charles Firth, Dominic Knight and Chas Licciardello, who went to Sydney Grammar School together and produced a small satirical school magazine The Tiger. Then Firth, Knight and Licciardello met Julian Morrow, Craig Reucassel and Andrew Hansen at the University of Sydney. Chris Taylor also attended the University of Sydney but never knew the others during that time. Licciardello, Knight, Reucassel and Morrow all studied law at the Sydney Law School and Firth, Taylor and Hansen all studied in the University of Sydney Faculty of Arts. Firth and Hansen featured in the ABC documentary called "Uni" by film-maker Simon Target. Firth and Hansen organised the University of Sydney Arts Revue and Firth, Knight, Reucassel and Morrow wrote for the University of Sydney student newspaper Honi Soit. In 1999 the four members began The Chaser and their first newspaper project titled The Chaser.

The Economist editorial stance

The Economist was first published in September 1843 by James Wilson to "take part in a severe contest between intelligence, which presses forward, and an unworthy, timid ignorance obstructing our progress". This phrase is quoted on its contents page. It has taken editorial stances on many issues over the years. The publication's own self-documented history states this about its editorial stance:

What, besides free trade and free markets, does The Economist believe in? "It is to the Radicals that The Economist still likes to think of itself as belonging. The extreme centre is the paper's historical position." That is as true today as when former Economist editor Geoffrey Crowther said it in 1955. The Economist considers itself the enemy of privilege, pomposity and predictability. It has backed conservatives such as Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher. It has supported the Americans in Vietnam. But it has also endorsed Harold Wilson and Bill Clinton, and espoused a variety of liberal causes: opposing capital punishment from its earliest days, while favouring penal reform and decolonisation, as well as—more recently—gun control and gay marriage.

Victoria Cross for Australia

The Victoria Cross for Australia is the highest award in the Australian Honours System, superseding the British Victoria Cross for issue to Australians. The Victoria Cross for Australia is the "decoration for according recognition to persons who in the presence of the enemy, perform acts of the most conspicuous gallantry, or daring or pre-eminent acts of valour or self-sacrifice or display extreme devotion to duty."The Victoria Cross for Australia was created by letters patent signed by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, on 15 January 1991. It is listed equal first with the British Victoria Cross on the Australian Order of Wear with precedence in Australia over all orders, decorations and medals. The decoration may be awarded to members of the Australian Defence Force and to other persons determined by the Australian Minister for Defence. A person to whom the Victoria Cross for Australia has been awarded is entitled to the post nominals VC placed after the person's name.The Governor-General of Australia awards the Victoria Cross for Australia, with the approval of the Sovereign, on the recommendation of the Minister for Defence. The first medal was awarded on 16 January 2009 to Trooper Mark Donaldson, for the rescue of a coalition forces interpreter from heavy fire in Oruzgan Province in Afghanistan. Donaldson's award came almost 40 years after Warrant Officer Keith Payne became the last Australian to be awarded the (original) Victoria Cross for gallantry on 24 May 1969 during the Vietnam War. Unlike the original Victoria Cross where the announcement of the award is followed some time later by the presentation of the award, the announcement and presentation of all awards of the VC for Australia have occurred on the same occasion with the presentation being made by the Governor-General in the presence of the Prime Minister. Both VC for Australia and original Victoria Cross recipients are entitled to the Victoria Cross allowance under the Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986.

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