2000 Today was an internationally broadcast television special commemorating the beginning of the Year 2000. This program included New Year's Eve celebrations, musical performances, and other features from participating nations.
Most international broadcasts such as Olympic Games coverage originate from a limited area for worldwide distribution. 2000 Today was rare in that its live and taped programming originated from member countries and represented all continents.
Up to 5,000 staff worked on 2000 Today, 1,500 of them in BBC Television Centre in West London, where all eight television studios were used during the 28-hour broadcast. 2000 Today had a worldwide audience of 800 million people, with an audience of 12.6 million people on the BBC alone. 2000 Today is estimated to have cost $6 million to produce and broadcast.
|Genre||New Year's television special|
|Created by||Zvi Dor-Ner|
|Developed by||Zvi Dor-Ner|
|Presented by||Various (see below)|
|Theme music composer||Bob Marley|
|Opening theme||"One Love"|
|Country of origin|
|Running time||28 hours (BBC)|
|Original network||Various broadcasters|
|Original release||31 December 1999 –|
1 January 2000
|Related shows||ABC 2000 Today (USA)|
Millennium Eve: Celebrate 2000 (Ireland)
2000 Today was conceived as part of the so-called Millennium celebrations, given the numerical significance of the change from 1999 to 2000.
The programme was produced and televised by an international consortium of 60 broadcasters, headed by the BBC in the UK and WGBH in Boston. The BBC provided the production hub for receiving and distributing the 78 international satellite feeds required for this broadcast.
The programme's theme song was a version of Bob Marley's song "One Love" performed by The Gipsy Kings, Ziggy Marley, Tsidii Le Loka and the Boys Choir of Harlem. Sony released a soundtrack CD for 2000 Today which included this song plus "A World Symphony for the Millennium" by Tan Dun.
Most nations that observe the Islamic calendar were not involved in 2000 Today. However, a few predominantly Muslim nations were represented among the programme's worldwide broadcasters such as Egypt (ETV) and Indonesia (RCTI).
Africa was minimally represented in 2000 Today. The only participating nations from that continent were Egypt and South Africa. Portugal-based RTP Africa distributed the programme to some African nations.
Antarctica was mentioned on the programme schedule, although it was unclear if 2000 Today coverage was recorded or live.
The program was tailored by individual broadcasters to provide local content and hosts.
The international broadcast began on 31 December 1999 at approximately 09:00 UTC. 2000 Today went international at 09:40 UTC, with the Kiribati Line Islands celebrating the arrival of 2000 at 10:00 UTC.
Most of Europe celebrated midnight on 31 December 1999 at 23:00 UTC. Broadcasting celebrations from many countries under Central European Time posed a particularly complex broadcast challenge. 2000 Today chose to rapidly air each nation's midnight observances in succession, using tape delays in most cases. This hour of the broadcast included a blessing by Pope John Paul II from Vatican City and the pyrotechnic display of the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
2000 Today's international feed ended shortly after midnight celebrations were broadcast from Samoa on 1 January 2000 at 11:00 UTC. BBC One in the United Kingdom continued its broadcast with national features until 13:30.
Musical artists were part of the 2000 Today broadcast, including:
The following nations broadcast 2000 Today. Some nations were licensees of the broadcast, rather than formal members of the broadcast consortium.
ABC 2000 Today was ABC News' coverage of New Year's Eve celebrations around the world from December 31, 1999, into January 1, 2000, as part of the 2000 Today programming in the United States. Peter Jennings anchored the 23 hours and 10 minutes of broadcast from Times Square Studios in Manhattan, New York. ABC temporarily converted the Good Morning America marquee broadcast studio into a type of "millennium command center" that included a desk, where a standing Jennings spent most of his time, two lounge chairs, where Jennings would interview guests, a large screen with a time-zone included map of the world, a wall of clocks, and a makeshift newsroom where ABC News staffers would follow the latest developments.Boston Ballet
The Boston Ballet is an American professional classical ballet company based in Boston, Massachusetts. The company, founded in 1963 by E. Virginia Williams, and Sydney Leonard, was the first professional repertory ballet company in New England. Boston Ballet’s national and international reputation developed under the leadership of Artistic Directors Violette Verdy (1980–1984), Bruce Marks (1985–1997), and Anna-Marie Holmes (1997–2000). Today, Boston Ballet is one of the major ballet companies in North America and among the top companies in the world. Current Artistic Director Mikko Nissinen was selected to lead Boston Ballet in September 2001. Under his artistic direction, Boston Ballet maintains an internationally recognized repertoire of classical, neo-classical and contemporary works, ranging from full-length story ballets to masterworks by George Balanchine, to new works and world premieres by contemporary choreographers. Nissinen leads the company, and Boston Ballet School, the largest ballet school in North America, with Executive Director Meredith (Max) Hodges.Brighton
Brighton () is a seaside resort on the south coast of England that is part of the City of Brighton and Hove, located 47 miles (76 km) south of London.Archaeological evidence of settlement in the area dates back to the Bronze Age, Roman and Anglo-Saxon periods. The ancient settlement of "Brighthelmstone" was documented in the Domesday Book (1086). The town's importance grew in the Middle Ages as the Old Town developed, but it languished in the early modern period, affected by foreign attacks, storms, a suffering economy and a declining population. Brighton began to attract more visitors following improved road transport to London and becoming a boarding point for boats travelling to France. The town also developed in popularity as a health resort for sea bathing as a purported cure for illnesses.
In the Georgian era, Brighton developed as a fashionable seaside resort, encouraged by the patronage of the Prince Regent, later King George IV, who spent much time in the town and constructed the Royal Pavilion in the Regency era. Brighton continued to grow as a major centre of tourism following the arrival of the railways in 1841, becoming a popular destination for day-trippers from London. Many of the major attractions were built in the Victorian era, including the Metropole Hotel (now Hilton) Grand Hotel, the West Pier, and the Brighton Palace Pier. The town continued to grow into the 20th century, expanding to incorporate more areas into the town's boundaries before joining the town of Hove to form the unitary authority of Brighton and Hove in 1997, which was granted city status in 2000. Today, Brighton and Hove district has a resident population of about 288,200 and the wider Brighton and Hove conurbation has a population of 474,485 (2011 census).Brighton's location has made it a popular destination for tourists, renowned for its diverse communities, quirky shopping areas, large cultural, music and arts scene and its large LGBT population, leading to its recognition as the "unofficial gay capital of the UK". Brighton attracted 7.5 million day visitors in 2015/16 and 4.9 million overnight visitors, and is the most popular seaside destination in the UK for overseas tourists. Brighton has also been called the UK's "hippest city", and "the happiest place to live in the UK".Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve
Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve (NYRE) is an annual New Year's Eve television special broadcast by ABC. The special broadcasts primarily from New York City's Times Square, and prominently features coverage of its annual ball drop event, along with live and pre-recorded musical performances by popular musicians from Times Square and Hollywood, respectively, in addition to live performances and coverage of festivities from New Orleans.
Its creator and namesake was the entertainer Dick Clark, who conceived New Year's Rockin' Eve as a younger-skewing competitor to Guy Lombardo's popular and long-running New Year's Eve big band broadcasts on CBS. The first two editions, which were hosted by Three Dog Night and George Carlin, respectively, and featured Dick Clark assuming the role of Times Square reporter, were broadcast by NBC for 1973 and 1974, respectively. In 1974–75, the program moved to its current home of ABC, and Clark assumed the role of host.
Following the death of Guy Lombardo and the decline of CBS's specials, New Year's Rockin' Eve grew in popularity, and became ingrained in pop culture—even prompting Clark himself to make appearances on other programs in parody of his role. To this day, New Year's Rockin' Eve has consistently remained the highest-rated New Year's Eve special broadcast by the United States' major television networks; its 2012 edition peaked at 22.6 million home viewers—not including viewers watching from public locations, which were historically not measured by Nielsen.Dick Clark hosted New Year's Rockin' Eve annually from 1973 through 2004, and joined Peter Jennings for ABC News's ABC 2000 Today broadcast for 2000. In December 2004, Clark suffered from a stroke, which resulted in Regis Philbin serving as guest host. Due to lingering speech impediments, Clark ceded hosting duties to Ryan Seacrest the following year, but continued to make limited appearances as a co-host until his death in 2012. Hosting solo since the 2012–13 edition, Seacrest has most recently been joined by Jenny McCarthy as a correspondent from Times Square, with Ciara serving as the presenter of the Hollywood concert segments. Through its deal with Dick Clark Productions, New Year's Rockin' Eve will remain on ABC through at least 2024.Gaziantep Castle
Gaziantep Castle, is a castle first built by the Hittite Empire as an observation point and later built into a main castle by the Roman Empire on top of a hill in the center of Gaziantep, Turkey in 2nd and 3rd century AD. It underwent further expansion and renovation under Emperor Justinianus between 527 and 565 AD. The circumference of the round shaped castle is 1200 meters. The walls are built of stone and the castle consists of 12 towers.
The castle has been renovated numerous times and took its final shape in 2000. Today, the castle is used as the Gaziantep Defence and Heroism Panoramic Museum, and a documentary regarding the defence of the city against the invading French troops after the fall of the Ottoman Empire runs periodically.Ipsos-Reid
Ipsos Reid was the name of a research company based in Canada and still exists under the name Ipsos as the Canadian arm of the global Ipsos Group. Founded in Winnipeg in 1979 as Angus Reid Group, the company expanded across the country, and was purchased by the Ipsos Group and given the name Ipsos Reid in 2000.
Today, Ipsos (formerly Ipsos Reid) is Canada's largest market research and public opinion polling firm. The company's researchers conduct both syndicated and customized research studies across key sectors of the Canadian economy, including consumer packaged goods, financial services, automotive, retail, health and technology & telecommunications.
With operations in seven Canadian cities, Ipsos employs more than 600 research professionals and support staff across Canada. The company has the biggest network of telephone call centres in the country, as well as the largest pre-recruited household and online panels. The current President and CEO for Ipsos in Canada is Gary Bennewies.Irvin Smith
Irvin Smith (born March 12, 1967) is a former gridiron football defensive back. Smith played college football at Maryland.
Smith attended Poolesville High School in Poolesville, Maryland. He then went on to college at the University of Maryland, where he played football from 1985 to 1988. He attended training camp with the New York Jets of the National Football League in 1989 and 1990. In 1991, he played for the London Monarchs of the World League of American Football, and was signed by the Hamilton Tiger-Cats of the Canadian Football League but released before the season. He played for London again the following season, and made the Saskatchewan Roughriders practice roster, but did not see game action. In 1993, he tried out for the Washington Redskins and the Minnesota Vikings. In 1994, he returned to the CFL with the Baltimore Stallions. He was a two-time all-star and won the Grey Cup in 1995. He continued with the team after it relocated to Canada for six more years with the Montreal Alouettes, being named an all-star in 1996 and 2000. Today Irvin Smith works as a firefighter for the Montgomery County Fire and Rescue Service.Jean Baudlot
Jean Baudlot is a French music composer (born 16 February 1947), most notable for composing music for videogames in the 80's/90's and collaborations with Richard Clayderman, Nicolas de Angelis, Michèle Torr and Joe Dassin. He also represented Monaco in the Eurovision Song Contest under the pseudonym Laurent Vaguener in 1979.List of military aircraft of Finland
The following is a list of military aircraft of Finland, both historical and currently in use by the Finnish Defence Forces.Motrio
Motrio is Renault's brand for original equipment manufacturing of spare parts and components established in 1998.Oskar-Helene-Heim (Berlin U-Bahn)
Oskar-Helene-Heim is an U-Bahn station in Berlin, located in the southwestern Dahlem district on the U 3.
The station was inaugurated on 22 December 1929 with the last surface section of the line to Krumme Lanke station. It was named after a nearby orthopedic hospital, a foundation of Oskar Pintsch (1844–1912), son of industrialist Julius Pintsch, and his wife Helene (1857–1923). The clinic, opened in 1914, became a pioneering institution caring for people with physical disabilities and invalids of World War I. Numerous up-to-date neurosurgery techniques were developed here, as well as new methods of treating rickets with UV irradiation, based on the studies of practising doctor Kurt Huldschinsky. The facility closed in 2000.
Today Oskar-Helene-Heim is the closest U-Bahn station to the United States Consulate, part of the former US Army headquarters in West Berlin, which is located nearby on Clayallee The Allied Museum, documenting the local history of the Western Allies in the Cold War era, is nearby.Parkside School, Cullingworth
Parkside School is a coeducational secondary school and sixth form located in Cullingworth in the City of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.The school was formed after a wide scale reorganisation of education in the Bradford district in 2000. Today it is a foundation school administered by the Parkside Creative Learning Trust and Bradford City Council. The school was also previously awarded specialist Arts College status.Republika (Indonesian newspaper)
Republika is an Indonesian national daily newspaper. The newspaper is known, and described itself, as a publication for Muslim community.Republika was founded in 1992 and the first edition was published on January 3, 1993, by Yayasan Abdi Bangsa, a foundation that supported by Ikatan Cendekiawan Muslim Indonesia (ICMI), which at the time was chaired by B. J. Habibie. After B. J. Habibie ceased being president in 1999, and in line with declining of the ICMI's political role, the majority of ownership was taken by Mahaka Media in late 2000.
Today, Republika is published by PT Republika Media Mandiri, a subsidiary of Mahaka Media, and has become a general newspaper.Rover Company
The Rover Company Limited was a British car manufacturing company that operated from its base in Solihull in Warwickshire. Its lasting reputation for quality and performance was such that its first postwar model reviewed by Road & Track in 1952 was pronounced finer than any but a Rolls-Royce. Rover also manufactured the Land-Rover from 1948 onwards, which went on to become its most successful and profitable product — with Land Rover eventually becoming a separate brand in its own right.
Rover was sold to Leyland Motors in 1967, who had already acquired Standard-Triumph seven years earlier. Initially, Rover maintained a level of autonomy within the Leyland conglomerate, but by 1978, Leyland - by then British Leyland (BL) - had run into severe financial difficulties and had been nationalized by the British Government. Most of the assets of the former Rover Company were moved into a new subsidiary named Land Rover Ltd whilst the Rover marque itself continued to be used on other BL products which relied largely on Honda engineering. Rover ultimately became the most prolific brand within BL and gave its name to the entire conglomerate in the form of the Rover Group in 1986, of which Land Rover remained a part until the Rover Group was broken up by BMW in 2000.
Today, the Rover marque is dormant, and is currently owned by the Rover Company's de facto successor - Jaguar Land Rover, which still operates out of Rover's Solihull plant.Scott Jennings
Scott Jennings (born October 26, 1977) is a writer, CNN and USA Today contributor, and a former appointee in the administration of George W. Bush, and is now a public relations executive and conservative commentator.
President Bush appointed Jennings to the position of Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs on October 17, 2005. The White House announced the move in February 2006. Jennings had previously served as Executive Director of the Bush-Cheney campaign in New Mexico in 2004, and as a staff member of the Bush-Cheney campaign in Kentucky in 2000.
Today, Jennings is a founding partner of RunSwitch Public Relations, Kentucky's largest public relations and public affairs firm since 2013. He has been writing a regular column for the Louisville Courier-Journal since 2013, and was signed as an on-air contributor by CNN in 2017. He is routinely cited as an adviser to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell in news publications, and he was part of McConnell's campaigns for the U.S. Senate in 2002, 2008, and 2014.
Jennings is routinely published in USA Today and RealClear Politics. Jennings is a visible presence on the speaking circuit, briefing groups on the political landscape and taking part in panel discussions.Sowa language
Sowa was the original language of south-central Pentecost island in Vanuatu. In recent times it has been totally displaced by Apma, a neighbouring language. Sowa was closely related to Ske, another south Pentecost language.
Sowa was originally spoken on both western and eastern sides of Pentecost. Melsisi River formed the language's north-western boundary, and its range extended southwards to a creek near the village of Levizendam.
Following the depopulation of Pentecost that occurred after the introduction of European diseases, men from Sowa-speaking areas were forced to marry women from other parts of Pentecost, who were mostly Apma speakers. As a result, by the 1960s, Apma had totally replaced Sowa as the predominant local language. The last native Sowa speaker, Maurice Tabi of Vanvat village, died in 2000.
Today, a few local people whose fathers or mothers were Sowa speakers still remember parts of the language, although none speak it fluently. A couple, including Isaiah Tabi Vahka of Waterfall Village and Adam Bulesisbwat of Lesuubelakan, compiled short written notes on Sowa in an attempt to ensure that the language was not lost. The only linguist to have studied Sowa while the language was still alive was David Walsh, who collected a vocabulary list in 1969, although Walsh's main informant (John Bule Seesee of Bwaravet village) was not a native Sowa speaker. Andrew Gray, a British schoolteacher at Ranwadi College, worked with speakers' children in the late 2000s to try to reconstruct the basics of the language.
Some people in the former Sowa area see the language as a part of their cultural heritage and lament its loss. There is talk of reviving Sowa, although this is not a high priority for most local people, and records are insufficient to allow a fully authentic restoration of the language.Web crawler
A Web crawler, sometimes called a spider or spiderbot and often shortened to crawler, is an Internet bot that systematically browses the World Wide Web, typically for the purpose of Web indexing (web spidering).
Web search engines and some other sites use Web crawling or spidering software to update their web content or indices of others sites' web content. Web crawlers copy pages for processing by a search engine which indexes the downloaded pages so users can search more efficiently.
Crawlers consume resources on visited systems and often visit sites without approval. Issues of schedule, load, and "politeness" come into play when large collections of pages are accessed. Mechanisms exist for public sites not wishing to be crawled to make this known to the crawling agent. For example, including a robots.txt file can request bots to index only parts of a website, or nothing at all.
The number of Internet pages is extremely large; even the largest crawlers fall short of making a complete index. For this reason, search engines struggled to give relevant search results in the early years of the World Wide Web, before 2000. Today, relevant results are given almost instantly.
Crawlers can validate hyperlinks and HTML code. They can also be used for web scraping (see also data-driven programming).Wumpa's World
Wumpa's World (French: Le monde de Wumpa; Chinese: 沃帕的世界; pinyin: wò pà de shìjiè) is a Chinese-Canadian television series for children which first aired on many networks including Treehouse TV, The Knowledge Channel, APTN, CCTV, TVB and TDM with 26 15-minute episodes from August 2001 to May 2002. The pilot episode aired in late 2000. Today, the show's episodes are only seen in reruns late during the night and earlier during the day. The characters are puppets.