2000 Pacific typhoon season

The 2000 Pacific typhoon season marked the first year using names contributed by the World Meteorological Organization. It was a rather below-average season, producing a total of 23 tropical storms, 13 typhoons and 4 intense typhoons. The season ran throughout 2000, though typically most tropical cyclones develop between May and October. The season's first named storm, Damrey, developed on May 7, while the season's last named storm, Soulik, dissipated on January 4 of the next year.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean to the north of the equator between 100°E and the 180th meridian. Within the northwestern Pacific Ocean, there are two separate agencies that assign names to tropical cyclones, which often results in a storm having two names. The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) will name a tropical cyclone should it be judged to have 10-minute sustained wind speeds of at least 65 km/h (40 mph) anywhere in the basin, whilst the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) assigns names to tropical cyclones which move into or form as tropical depressions in their area of responsibility, located between 115°E and 135°E and between 5°N and 25°N, regardless of whether or not the tropical cyclone has already been given a name by the JMA. Tropical depressions monitored by the United States' Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) are given a number with a "W" suffix.

2000 Pacific typhoon season
2000 Pacific typhoon season summary
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedFebruary 7, 2000
Last system dissipatedJanuary 4, 2001
Strongest storm
NameBilis
 • Maximum winds205 km/h (125 mph)
(10-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure920 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions51
Total storms23
Typhoons13
Super typhoons4 (unofficial)
Total fatalities467 total
Total damage> $7.11 billion (2000 USD)
Related articles

Systems

In storm information below, wind-speed advisories differ from the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) to the JMA as the JTWC uses the United States' criteria of 1-minute means to designate maximum sustained winds, while the JMA uses the 10-minute mean wind criteria to designate tropical cyclone maximum sustained winds. This difference generally results in JTWC maximum winds appearing higher than the maximum winds described by the JMA for the same typhoon.

Typhoon Damrey (Asiang)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Damrey 2000-05-09 0145Z
 
Damrey 2000 track
DurationMay 4 – May 12
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  930 hPa (mbar)

The first storm of the season started out as a tropical low near Palau on May 3, when the JTWC first gave the system a poor chance of formation. However within the next few hours the low quickly organized, and the next day the JMA recognized the low as a depression. Operationally it wasn't until May 5 that the JTWC issued its first warning for the newly formed depression. Drifting northwest the depression gradually organized into a tropical storm on May 6. It was given the name Asiang on May 6 by PAGASA[1] and Damrey on May 7 by the JMA, respectively. At this time a weakening sub-tropical ridge was moving northward causing Damrey to move in a northeasterly direction. Damrey became a typhoon early on May 8 and soon thereafter satellite images began to show an eye forming at the center. During the next 24 hours Damrey quite steadily intensified, reaching winds of 130 mph (215 km/h) by May 9. The system became very symmetrical and small, allowing the typhoon to reach a peak intensity of 180 mph (290 km/h) and gusts as high as 220 mph late on May 9. Due to the compact structure of the typhoon it would only take twenty-four hours of high vertical wind shear, from a nearby high pressure, to reduce Damrey to a tropical storm. The convection continue to decrease around the LLCC and the system picked up in forward momentum under deteriorating environment.[2] By May 12 Damrey became fully extra-tropical and eventually dissipated on May 16.[3]

Damrey was the strongest May typhoon since Typhoon Phyllis in 1958 but Phyllis had higher wind speeds of 295 km/h (185 mph). Damrey had no significant effects on land in its life.

Tropical Storm Longwang (Biring)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Longwang 19 May 2000 0220Z
 
Longwang 2000 track
DurationMay 17 – May 20
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

On May 15, a monsoonal trough associated with a low pressure area formed north west of the Philippines. On May 17 the low pressure area started to drift across the northern Philippines, and rapidly intensified into a tropical storm before quickly dissipating due to vertical wind shear on May 20. The remnants were soon absorbed by a non-tropical low on May 22.

Tropical Depression 03W (Konsing)

Tropical depression (PAGASA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD Konsing 03W 21 may 2000 0031Z
 
3-W 2000 track
DurationMay 20 – May 22
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

On May 20, a low pressure area formed south of Hong Kong and drifted west towards the Philippines. On May 21 the low pressure area rapidly organized and strengthened into a tropical depression. However it quickly dissipated due to vertical wind shear.

Tropical Depression 04W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
04W 2000-05-30 0346Z
 
4-W 2000 track
DurationMay 30 – June 1
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

Unnamed tropical depression

Tropical depression (JMA)
HKTD 18 jun 2000 1529Z
 
Hong Kong Depression 2000 track
DurationJune 18 – June 18
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

A vortex in an active trough over the South China Sea developed into a midget tropical depression on June 18, 35 km south-southwest of Hong Kong. It moved northward and made landfall that day, with its very small circulation being well captured by the Observatory's network of automatic weather stations. The depression brought light rain to Hong Kong and strong winds. Although this tropical depression was widely recognised by Asian agencies, there are still disputes on the nature of this system. It had an unusually small size and formed surprisingly close to land.

Typhoon Kirogi (Ditang)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Kirogi 2000-07-05 0140Z
 
Kirogi 2000 track
DurationJuly 2 – July 8
Peak intensity155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

On June 30, an area of disturbed weather was identified roughly 650 km (405 mi) east of the Philippine island of Mindanao. This system gradually organized as it remained stationary, prompting the JTWC to issue a TCFA the following day. The JMA and JTWC began monitoring the disturbance as a tropical depression early on July 2, with the former classifying it as 05W. Several hours later, PAGASA also issued their first advisory on the depression, giving it the local name Ditang. Tracking northward, the system intensified into a tropical storm, at which time it received the name Kirogi, before undergoing rapid intensification late on July 3. Following this phase, the storm attained typhoon intensity and developed a well-defined 59 km (37 mi) wide symmetrical eye. Typhoon Kirogi attained its peak intensity early on July 4 with winds of 155 km/h (100 mph 10-minute sustained) and a barometric pressure of 940 mbar (hPa; 27.76 inHg).

In Japan, hundreds of residents were evacuated as Typhoon Kirogi approached the country. Since the storm weakened considerably from its peak intensity, damage was much less than initially anticipated. In all, damages from the storm amounted to 15 billion yen (2001 value, $140 million USD).[4]

Typhoon Kai-tak (Edeng)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Typhoon Kai-Tak 7 Jul 2000 0305Z
 
Kai-Tak 2000 track
DurationJuly 3 – July 10
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

On July 2, a low pressure area formed north west of the Philippines and became a tropical depression on July 3 and started to drift northward, becoming a storm on the 5th and a typhoon on the 6th. Kai-tak continued northward, hitting Taiwan on the 9th. Kai-tak dissipated on the 11th over the Yellow Sea. It was named after Hong Kong's old international airport, Kai Tak Airport.

The combined effects of Kai-tak and Tropical Depression Gloring led to the collapse of a large garbage pile, devastating a scavenger community with 300 shanty homes near Manila. At least 116 peopled died in the avalanche—some of whom were decapitated by machinery—and at least 73 others were injured.[5]

Tropical Depression 07W (Gloring)

Tropical depression (PAGASA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD Gloring 07W 13 july 2000 0230Z
 
7-W 2000 track
DurationJuly 11 – July 13
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Clouds from TD Gloring (07W) affected Northern Luzon, Central Luzon, Southern Luzon, Bicol Region, and Parts of Visayas, but no damage or casualties were reported.

Tropical Depression 08W

Tropical depression (HKO)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD 08W 17 july 2000 0642Z
 
8-W 2000 track
DurationJuly 15 – July 17
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (10-min)  996 hPa (mbar)

On July 13 an area of low pressure formed over Luzon and moved north west, and strengthened into a tropical depression on July 14.Tropical Depression 08w made landfall over Yangjiang, Guangdong, China on July 17 and dissipated inland.

Tropical Storm Tembin

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tembin 2000-07-19 0150Z
 
Tembin 2000 track
DurationJuly 17 – July 23
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  992 hPa (mbar)

On July 13 a cluster of thunderclouds grouped together to form a low pressure area. On July 14 it started to organize and slowly became a tropical depression on July 19, and quickly intensified into a tropical storm. On July 22 convection was displaced to south of the storm's center due to high wind shear, and caused it to dissipate.

Tropical Depression 10W

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
10W 2000-07-22 0225Z
 
10-W 2000 track
DurationJuly 20 – July 22
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

JTWC treated 10W and 11W as separate depressions, although PAGASA and JMA both considered them the same system. On July 25, 11W became Severe Tropical Storm Bolaven.

Severe Tropical Storm Bolaven (Huaning)

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Bolaven 29 Jul 2000 0225Z
 
Bolaven 2000 track
DurationJuly 24 – July 31
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (10-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

On July 17, a disturbance with a large area of rotation formed south east of the Philippines.On July 24, favorable conditions allow the disturbance to quickly organize so it became a tropical depression the next day.

Tropical Storm Chanchu

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Chanchu (29 july 2000)
 
Chanchu 2000 track
DurationJuly 27 – July 30
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min)  996 hPa (mbar)

The remnants of Tropical Storm Upana encountered a favourable environment just west of the dateline, and they formed Tropical Depression 12W. The depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Chanchu. The name Chanchu, submitted by Macau, is a Chinese word for pearl. Chanchu moved north, and had dissipated by July 30.

Meteorologist Gary Padgett suggested that there was good evidence Chanchu was actually a regeneration of Upana. The official policy is that dateline crossers keep their name. However, there was supposedly some doubt at the time, so Chanchu and Upana were officially treated as distinct tropical cyclones. Also, since Upana had dissipated several days earlier, and the Joint Typhoon Warning Center had already assigned a new number for the system, Gary Padgett deemed it likely that the Japan Meteorological Agency's decision to rename the cyclone was the best choice. Also, a scatterometer pass near 0500 UTC on July 23 indicated an open wave with no closed circulation,[6] evidence that Upana had fully dissipated before restrengthening.

Typhoon Jelawat

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Jelawat 2000-08-03 0105Z
 
Jelawat 2000 track
DurationJuly 31 – August 12
Peak intensity155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

On July 29, a cluster of thunderstorms quickly formed into a low pressure area, which became Tropical Depression 12W on August 1. Favorable conditions allowed the system to rapidly intensify, and it was named Jelawat. On August 2, it reached its peak intensity as a Category 4 typhoon. On August 3, Jelawat weakened into a category 2 typhoon due to unfavorable wind shear. On August 6, Jelawat restrengthened into a category 3 typhoon due to more favorable conditions, and started to develop a large eye which was 60 kilometers across. Weak steering winds soon caused Jelawat to move slowly from August 7 to August 8. On August 7, Jelawat underwent an eyewall replacement cycle for 4 hours, and began to display annular characteristics, with a large, symmetric eye 170 kilometers across surrounded by a thick ring of intense convection. After developing a large, symmetric eye, Jelawat restrengthened from a category 1 typhoon to a category 2 typhoon, but soon weakened back to a category 1 typhoon as it encountered wind shear. It made landfall at southern Shanghai and rapidly weakened.

Tropical Depression 14W

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD 14W 08 aug 2000 2131Z
 
14-W 2000 track
DurationAugust 7 – August 10
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  1008 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 14W developed on August 8. It moved on a parabolic path before dissipating on August 10.

Typhoon Ewiniar

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Typhoon Ewiniar 15 aug 2000 0632Z
 
Ewiniar 2000 track
DurationAugust 9 – August 18
Peak intensity120 km/h (75 mph) (10-min)  975 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Ewiniar developed on August 9. It strengthened into a typhoon while moving northward. Ewiniar weakened and eventually curved east-northeastward. The typhoon re-intensified, but dissipated on August 18.

Tropical Depression 16W (Wene)

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TS Wene 16 aug 2000
 
Wene 2000 track
DurationAugust 13 – August 15 (Exited basin)
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (1-min)  1004 hPa (mbar)

A tropical disturbance developed in the Western Pacific Ocean along the eastern periphery of the monsoon trough in mid-August. Located at 33° north, it steadily organized, and became Tropical Depression Sixteen-W on August 15 while located 1700 miles to the northwest of Honolulu, Hawaii. It moved eastward along the west- east oriented surface pressure trough, and crossed the International Date Line later on the 15th.[7] Warmer than usual water temperatures allowed the system to intensify despite its unusually high latitude, and it became Tropical Storm Wene on the 16th. It quickly attained a peak intensity of 50 mph, but weakened due to cooler waters and wind shear. Wene continued to weaken, and dissipated when the storm merged with an extratropical cyclone.

As a depression, Wene was the first western Pacific tropical cyclone to cross the dateline since the 1996 season, and the most recent to do so until Tropical Storm Omeka in the 2010 season. The name Wene is Hawaiian for "Wayne".

  • CPHC archive for Wene.
  • Monthly global tropical cyclone tracks for August found at Typhoon2000 [1]

Tropical Depression 17W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD 17W 18 aug 2000 0351Z
 
17-W 2000 track
DurationAugust 17 – August 18
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (1-min)  1008 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 17W existed from August 17 to August 18.[8] It did not make landfall and it dissipated quickly. No victims were recorded during the storm's short lifespan.

Typhoon Bilis (Isang)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Super Typhoon Bills at peak intensity Aug 22 2000
 
Bilis 2000 track
DurationAugust 18 – August 25
Peak intensity205 km/h (125 mph) (10-min)  920 hPa (mbar)

On August 14, a low pressure area formed south of the Mariana islands and started to organize. On August 17 the low pressure area became a tropical depression and as it tracked northwestward, becoming a tropical storm on the 18th and a typhoon on the 19th. Favorable conditions allow Bilis continued to intensify to a super typhoon on the 21st, and it struck the southeastern coast of Taiwan as a Category 5 typhoon on the 22nd. It weakened slightly to a 140 miles per hour (230 km/h) typhoon while crossing the country, and hit China on the 23rd. Significant rainfall fell across Taiwan, with up to 949 millimetres (37.4 in) recorded across northeast sections of the mountainous island.[9] Bilis was responsible for 17 deaths and $133.5 million in damage on Taiwan. The flooding was significant and an unknown number of people drowned in the flooding.

Tropical Storm Kaemi

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Kaemi 2000-08-22 0320Z
 
Kaemi 2000 track
DurationAugust 18 – August 23
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

On August 19, a low pressure area formed west of the Philippines. Favorable conditions allow the low pressure area to strengthen into a tropical depression on August 20.Kaemi made landfall over Vietnam on August 21 and it was reported that tropical storm Kaemi killed 14 people in Vietnam.[10]

Typhoon Prapiroon (Lusing)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Typhoon Prapiroon 30 aug 2000 0225Z
 
Prapiroon 2000 track
DurationAugust 25 – September 1
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

On August 24 a large area of disturbed weather formed south of the Philippine sea. Prapiroon killed 46 people and caused $6 billion in damages in Korea, China and the Philippines.

Tropical Storm Maria

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Maria 31 Aug 2000 0310Z
 
Maria 2000 track
DurationAugust 27 – September 2
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

The origins of Maria appeared to originate from the inland remnants of Typhoon Bilis, which was pulled south due to the Fujiwhara effect between Typhoon Prapiroon. The low pressure area entered the South China Sea as it drifted south over Hong Kong on August 27. As it was pulled south to the South China Sea, it quickly strengthened into a tropical storm on August 30. Maria made landfall on September 1 east of Hong Kong.

Typhoon Saomai (Osang)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Saomai Sept 10 2000 0210Z
 
Saomai 2000 track
DurationAugust 31 – September 16
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (10-min)  925 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Saomai developed on September 2. It strengthened while heading westward and reached typhoon status. Later in its duration, the typhoon turned northwestward and the PAGASA named it Osang. Eventually, Saomai was classified as a super typhoon, peaking with winds of 175 km/h (110 mph). Thereafter, the typhoon weakened before making landfall in South Korea. It dissipated shortly thereafter.

Tropical Storm Bopha (Ningning)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Bopha 8 Sept 2000 0220Z
 
Bopha 2000 track
DurationSeptember 4 – September 11
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  988 hPa (mbar)

On September 6, a Monsoonal trough quickly spawned an Embedded depression that became a tropical storm on September 9. However,due to the Fujiwhara effect, the much stronger system, Typhoon Saomai dragged Bopha approximately 1,550 kilometers south, and weakened Bopha from September 9–11. The remnants of Bopha continued to move eastwards as it became Severe Tropical Storm Sonamu on September 15.

Typhoon Wukong (Maring)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Wukong 2000-09-09 0305Z
 
Wukong 2000 track
DurationSeptember 4 – September 10
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min)  955 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Wukong developed in the South China Sea on September 6. It was also named Maring by PAGASA. Wukong strengthened into a typhoon prior to landfall in Hainan and northern Vietnam. The storm dissipated on September 10.

Severe Tropical Storm Sonamu

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Sonamu 16 Sept 2000 0130Z
 
Sonami 2000 track
DurationSeptember 14 – September 18
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

Severe Tropical Storm Sonamu developed on September 15 from the remnants of Bopha. It headed east-northeastward and then north-northeastward, peaking with winds of 100 km/h (65 mph). By September 18, Sonamu dissipated near Hokkaido.

Typhoon Shanshan

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Shanshan 2000-09-21 0010Z
 
Shanshan 2000 track
DurationSeptember 17 – September 24
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (10-min)  925 hPa (mbar)

On September 14, a low-pressure area formed near the southern Marshall Islands. Favorable conditions allowed the low to strengthen into a tropical depression on September 17, and to intensify into a typhoon early on September 20. Shanshan reached peak intensity on September 21 as a Category 4 super typhoon. Due to the Fujiwhara effect, Shanshan was weakened by an extratropical cyclone located south of Kamchatka Krai, and Shanshan merged with it and collapsed into a single extratropical cyclone.

Tropical Depression 27W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
27W 2000-09-30 0005Z
 
27-W 2000 track
DurationSeptember 27 – October 2
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1008 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 27W developed on September 28. It moved northeastward and peaked with winds of 65 km/h (40 mph). The eventually weakened and dissipated on September 30.

Tropical Depression 28W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
28W 2000-10-09 0320Z
 
28-W 2000 track
DurationOctober 6 – October 13
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 28W developed on October 6. It meandered through the South China Sea for about a week, dissipating on October 13.

Typhoon Yagi (Paring)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Yagi 2000-10-26 0220Z
 
Yagi 2000 track
DurationOctober 21 – October 28
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Yagi developed on October 22. It was also named Paring by PAGASA. Peaking as a typhoon with winds of 130 km/h (80 mph), Yagi executed a cyclonic loop near the Ryukyu Islands. It then began weakening and dissipated near Taiwan on October 26.

Typhoon Xangsane (Reming)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Xangsane 2000-10-31 0240Z
 
Xangsane 2000 track
DurationOctober 24 – November 1
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

On October 27, Typhoon Xangsane hit southern Luzon of the Philippines. It turned to the north over the South China Sea, and after strengthening to a 100 mph typhoon it hit Taiwan. Xangsane dissipated on Nov. 1st, after causing 181 casualties, 83 of which were from the crash of Singapore Airlines Flight 006 on October 31, 2000.

Severe Tropical Storm Bebinca (Seniang)

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Bebinca 2000-11-02 0230Z
 
Bebinca 2000 track
DurationOctober 30 – November 7
Peak intensity110 km/h (70 mph) (10-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

On November 2, Tropical Storm Bebinca hit the central Philippines. It strengthened to a severe tropical storm and reached a peak of 60 knot winds while crossing the archipelago, due to the contraction of the wind field. Bebinca continued northwestward, eventually dissipating over the South China Sea on the 8th after killing 26 people. Typhoon Bebinca made a direct hit over the capital city of Manila, with the center of the storm passing directly over it. It became the first storm to made a direct hit in Manila since Severe Tropical Storm Colleen in 1992 when it passed over the city at tropical storm level, and the first typhoon-level storm to pass directly over Manila at that intensity since Typhoon Patsy in 1970.

Tropical Depression 32W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TS 32W 09 nov 2000 0230Z
 
32-W 2000 track
DurationNovember 7 – November 8
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  1004 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 32W developed near Luzon on November 8. It turned northward and later east-northeastward. The depression dissipated on November 10.

Tropical Storm Rumbia (Toyang)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Rumbia 29 Nov 2000 0210Z
 
Rumbia 2000 track
DurationNovember 27 – December 7
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

On November 23, 2000 a low pressure area together with inter-tropical covergence zone developed into a tropical depression. Later that day, JTWC announced that it became a tropical storm. It had maximum of winds of 75 km/h near the center, and a pressure of 990 mbar. It dissipated on December 7.

Tropical Depression Ulpiang

Tropical depression (PAGASA)
TD Ulpiang 06 dec 2000 0215Z
 
Ulpiang (PAGASA) 2000 track
DurationDecember 6 – December 8
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1003 hPa (mbar)

TD Ulpiang flooded and had landslides in the Visayas and 3 casualties in landslides.

Typhoon Soulik (Welpring)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Soulik Jan 4 2001 0140Z
 
Soulik 2000 track
DurationDecember 29, 2000 – January 4, 2001
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (10-min)  955 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Soulik formed to the east of the Philippines on December 28, 2000. It strengthened into a category 3 typhoon with a central pressure of 955 mbar on January 2. It finally dissipated on January 4, 2001.

Storm names

Within the North-western Pacific Ocean, both the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) and the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration assign names to tropical cyclones that develop in the Western Pacific, which can result in a tropical cyclone having two names.[11] The Japan Meteorological Agency's RSMC Tokyo — Typhoon Center assigns international names to tropical cyclones on behalf of the World Meteorological Organization's Typhoon Committee, should they be judged to have 10-minute sustained windspeeds of 65 km/h, (40 mph).[12] While the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration assigns names to tropical cyclones which move into or form as a tropical depression in their area of responsibility located between 135°E and 115°E and between 5°N-25°N even if the cyclone has had an international name assigned to it.[11] The names of significant tropical cyclones are retired, by both PAGASA and the Typhoon Committee.[12] Should the list of names for the Philippine region be exhausted then names will be taken from an auxiliary list of which the first ten are published each season. Unused names are marked in gray.

International names

During the season 23 named tropical cyclones developed in the Western Pacific and were named by the Japan Meteorological Agency, when it was determined that they had become tropical storms. These names were contributed to a list of a 140 names submitted by the fourteen members nations and territories of the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee.

Damrey Longwang Kirogi Kai-tak Tembin Bolaven Chanchu Jelawat Ewiniar Bilis Kaemi Prapiroon
Maria Saomai Bopha Wukong Sonamu Shanshan Yagi Xangsane Bebinca Rumbia Soulik

Philippines

Asiang Biring Konsing Ditang Edeng
Gloring Huaning Isang Lusing Maring
Ningning Osang Paring Reming Seniang
Toyang Ulpiang Welpring Yerling (unused)
Auxiliary list
Aring (unused)
Basiang (unused) Kadiang (unused) Dorang (unused) Enang (unused) Grasing (unused)

The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration uses its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones in their area of responsibility. PAGASA assigns names to tropical depressions that form within their area of responsibility and any tropical cyclone that might move into their area of responsibility. Should the list of names for a given year prove to be insufficient, names are taken from an auxiliary list, the first 10 of which are published each year before the season starts. This is the same list used for the 1996 season. This is the last season that the PAGASA uses its own naming scheme that starts in Filipino alphabet, with names of Filipino female names ending with "ng" (A, B, K, D, etc.). The 2001 season is the official start of their new naming scheme that starts with the English Alphabet. Names that were not assigned are marked in gray.

Season effects

This table will list all the storms that developed in the northwestern Pacific Ocean west of the International Date Line and north of the equator during 2016. It will include their intensity, duration, name, areas affected, deaths, and damage totals. Classification and intensity values will be based on estimations conducted by the JMA. All damage figures will be in 2016 USD. Damages and deaths from a storm will include when the storm was a precursor wave or an extratropical cyclone.

Name Dates active Peak classification Sustained
wind speeds
Pressure Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
TD February 7 – 8 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) Mariana Islands None None
Damrey (Asiang) May 5 – 12 Typhoon 165 km/h (105 mph) 930 hPa (27.46 inHg) Caroline Islands None None
Longwang (Biring) May 17 – 20 Tropical storm 85 km/h (50 mph) 990 hPa (29.23 inHg) Philippines, Ryukyu Islands None None
TD May 17 – 18 Tropical depression Not specified 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) None None None
03W (Konsing) May 20 – 21 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan None None
04W May 30 – June 1 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) Vietnam None None
TD June 18 Tropical depression Not specified 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) South China None None
Kirogi (Ditang) July 2 – 8 Typhoon 155 km/h (100 mph) 940 hPa (27.76 inHg) Japan $140 million 5
Kai-tak (Edeng) July 3 – 10 Typhoon 140 km/h (85 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan, East China, Korea Unknown 16
07W (Gloring) July 11 – 13 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) Philippines None None
TD July 11 Tropical depression Not specified 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) South China None None
08W July 15 – 17 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) South China None None
Tembin July 17 – 23 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 992 hPa (29.29 inHg) None None None
TD July 21 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) South China, Vietnam None None
10W July 20 – 22 Tropical depression 45 km/h (30 mph) 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) Philippines None None
Bolaven (Huaning) July 24 – 31 Severe tropical storm 95 km/h (60 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Philippines, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, Korea None None
Chanchu July 27 – 30 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) None None None
Jelawat July 31 – August 12 Typhoon 155 km/h (100 mph) 940 hPa (27.76 inHg) Ryukyu Islands, East China Unknown None
TD August 1 – 3 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) Ryukyu Islands, Japan, Korea None None
14W August 7 – 10 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
Ewiniar August 9 – August 18 Typhoon 120 km/h (75 mph) 975 hPa (27.76 inHg) Mariana Islands None None
TD August 11 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) None None None
16W (Wene) August 13 – 15 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
17W August 16 – 18 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
Bilis (Isang) August 18 – 25 Typhoon 220 km/h (140 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) Caroline Islands, Philippines, Taiwan, China $668 million 71
TD August 18 – 20 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) Japan None None
Kaemi August 19 – 23 Tropical storm 75 km/h (44 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) Vietnam, Cambodia None 14
Prapiroon (Lusing) August 24 – September 1 Typhoon 130 km/h (80 mph) 950 hPa (28.50 inHg) Caroline Islands, Ryukyu Islands, East China, Taiwan, Korea, Russia $6.01 billion 75
Maria August 27 – September 2 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) China None None
TD August 31 – September 1 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) None None None
Saomai (Osang) August 31 – September 16 Typhoon 175 km/h (110 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Mariana Islands, Ryukyu Islands, East China, Korea, Russia $295 million 28
TD September 1 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) None None None
Bopha (Ningning) September 4 – 11 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 988 hPa (29.17 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands None None
Wukong (Maring) September 4 – 10 Typhoon 140 km/h (85 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) South China, Vietnam, Laos None None
Sonamu September 14 – 18 Severe tropical storm 100 km/h (65 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Japan None None
TD September 14 – 16 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) None None None
Shanshan September 17 – 24 Typhoon 175 km/h (110 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) None None None
TD September 27 – 29 Tropical depression Not specified 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) Vietnam None None
27W September 27 – October 2 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
28W October 6 – 14 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 998 hPa (29.47 inHg) Vietnam, South China None None
TD October 13 – 14 Tropical depression Not specified 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
TD October 17 – 18 Tropical depression Not specified 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
Yagi (Paring) October 21 – 28 Typhoon 130 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan None None
Xangsane (Reming) October 25 – November 1 Typhoon 140 km/h (85 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Caroline Islands, Philippines, Taiwan, Japan Unknown 181
Bebinca (Seniang) October 31 – November 7 Severe tropical storm 110 km/h (70 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Philippines, South China None 26
32W November 7 – 9 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) Ryukyu Islands None None
Rumbia (Toyang) November 27 – December 7 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 990 hPa (29.23 inHg) Philippines, Vietnam $1 million 48
Ulpiang December 6 – 8 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) Philippines None 3
TD December 24 Tropical depression Not specified 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
TD December 24 Tropical depression Not specified 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) None None None
Soulik (Welpring) December 29, 2001 – January 4, 2001 Typhoon 150 km/h (90 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) None None None
Season aggregates
51 systems February 7, 2000 –
January 4, 2001
220 km/h (140 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) $7.11 billion 467

See also

References

  1. ^ Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (2000). "2000 PAGASA TROPICAL CYCLONE TRACK DATA". Department of Science and Technology. Archived from the original on September 22, 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
  2. ^ Joint Typhoon Warning Center (2000). "Annual Typhoon Report 2000" (PDF). United States Navy. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
  3. ^ Luke, Robert (May 1962). "Mariners Weather Log". 44 (3). United States Weather Bureau: 58. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
  4. ^ Staff Writer (July 12, 2000). "Typhoon Kirogi Brushes Japan, Causing Minimal Damage". Business Services Industry. Retrieved August 9, 2009.
  5. ^ "Death toll rises to 116 as disease fears grow in Philippine dump". ReliefWeb. Agence France-Presse. July 12, 2000. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
  6. ^ "Australia Severe Weather Agency". 2006-08-22. Archived from the original on 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  7. ^ Kitamoto, Asanobu (2000-08-15). "Daily Weather Charts". National Institute of Informatics. Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2019-07-03.
  8. ^ Kitamoto, Asanobu (2000-08-18). "Daily Weather Charts". National Institute of Informatics. Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2019-07-03.
  9. ^ Yuh-Lang Lin, Darrell B. Ensley, and Sen Chiao. Orographic Influences on Rainfall and Track Deflection Associated with the Passage of a Tropical Cyclone. Retrieved on 2008-12-01.
  10. ^ "Tropical Storm Kaemi kills 14 persons in Vietnam".
  11. ^ a b Padgett, Gary. "Monthly Tropical Cyclone summary December 1999". Australian Severe Weather. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
  12. ^ a b the Typhoon Committee (February 21, 2012). "Typhoon Committee Operational Manual 2012" (PDF). World Meteorological Organization. pp. 37–38. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 28, 2012.

External links

2000 Atlantic hurricane season

The 2000 Atlantic hurricane season was a fairly active hurricane season, but featured the latest first named storm in a hurricane season since 1992. The hurricane season officially began on June 1, and ended on November 30. It was slightly above average due to a La Niña weather pattern although most of the storms were weak. The first cyclone, Tropical Depression One, developed in the southern Gulf of Mexico on June 7 and dissipated after an uneventful duration. However, it would be almost two months before the first named storm, Alberto, formed near Cape Verde; Alberto also dissipated with no effects on land. Several other tropical cyclones—Tropical Depression Two, Tropical Depression Four, Chris, Ernesto, Nadine, and an unnamed subtropical storm—did not impact land. Five additional storms—Tropical Depression Nine, Florence, Isaac, Joyce, and Leslie—minimally affected land areas.

The most significant storm of the season was Hurricane Keith, which caused extensive damage in Central America. After remaining nearly stationary offshore, Keith moved inland over the Yucatán Peninsula and later made a second landfall in Mexico at hurricane intensity. It caused $319 million (2000 USD) in damage and 40 fatalities, mostly in Belize. The precursor to Tropical Storm Leslie brought severe flooding to South Florida, which losses reaching $950 million (2000 USD). Hurricane Gordon and Tropical Storm Helene both caused moderate damage in the Southeastern United States, mainly in Florida. Tropical Storm Beryl caused minor damage in Mexico and Hurricane Debby resulted in less than $1 million (2000 USD) in damage in the Greater and Lesser Antilles. Hurricane Michael brought widespread effects to Atlantic Canada, though a specific damage toll is unknown.

2000 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

The 2000 North Indian Ocean cyclone season was fairly quiet compared to its predecessor, with all of the activity originating in the Bay of Bengal. The basin comprises the Indian Ocean north of the equator, with warnings issued by the India Meteorological Department (IMD) in New Delhi. There were six depressions throughout the year, of which five intensified into cyclonic storms – tropical cyclones with winds of 65 mph (40 km/h) sustained over 3 minutes. Two of the storms strengthened into a very severe cyclonic storm, which has winds of at least 120 km/h (75 mph), equivalent to a minimal hurricane. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) also tracked storms in the basin on an unofficial basis, estimating winds sustained over 1 minute.

The first storm of the season originated toward the end of March in the Bay of Bengal, one of only five March storms at the time in that body of water. Strong wind shear, which plagued several storms during the season, caused the storm to rapidly dissipate over open waters. In August, a weak depression struck the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, producing additional flooding after a deluge affected the area in July. There were 131 deaths in Andhra Pradesh, mostly by drownings or collapsed walls, while damage was estimated at ₹7.76 billion rupees (US$170 million ). There were two short-lived storms in October – one dissipated offshore India in the middle of the month, and the other struck Bangladesh toward the end of the month. The latter storm destroyed many homes and boats, killing 77 in Bangladesh including 52 fishermen, and damage in the Indian state of Meghalaya was estimated at ₹600 million rupees (US$13 million). The strongest storm of the season struck Tamil Nadu in November, causing damages of ₹700 million rupees (US$15 million) and 12 deaths. The final storm of the season hit eastern Sri Lanka, leaving 500,000 homeless and killing nine.

2000 Pacific hurricane season

The 2000 Pacific hurricane season was an above-average Pacific hurricane season, although most of the storms were weak and short-lived. There were few notable storms this year. Tropical Storms Miriam, Norman, and Rosa all made landfall in Mexico with minimal impact. Hurricane Daniel briefly threatened the U.S. state of Hawaii while weakening. Hurricane Carlotta was the strongest storm of the year and the second-strongest June hurricane in recorded history. Carlotta killed 18 people when it sank a freighter. Overall, the season was significantly more active than the previous season, with 19 tropical storms. In addition, six hurricanes developed. Furthermore, there were total of two major hurricanes, Category 3 or greater on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale.

It officially started on May 15 in the Eastern Pacific, and on June 1 in the Central Pacific; they both ended on November 30, 2000. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Pacific basin. However, the formation of tropical cyclones is possible at any time of the year.

Seasonal activity began on May 22, when Hurricane Aletta formed off the southwest coast of Mexico. Two storms formed in June, though the season became slowly active in July when three named storms developed, including Hurricane Daniel which was the second-strongest storm of the season. During August, Hurricanes Gilma and Hector formed, as well as four other storms. September was a relatively quiet month with two storms, of which one was Hurricane Lane. Two storms developed in October including Tropical Storm Olivia and only formed in November; when one tropical storm developed in the basin during the month.

2010 Pacific typhoon season

The 2010 Pacific typhoon season was the least active Pacific typhoon season on record, featuring only 14 named storms; seven of them strengthened into typhoons while one reached super typhoon intensity. The Pacific typhoon season during 2010 was in fact less active than the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season, the only such occurrence other than 2005. In the same year, the Pacific hurricane season broke the same record being the least active season on record. During the season no storms have made landfall in mainland Japan, the only second such occurrence since 1988. Also, all of the 14 named storms developed west of 150°E. Moreover, the season had an index total Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) of 115, which is the second lowest in the basin after 1999. It was also the fourth consecutive year with a below average ACE index.

The season ran throughout 2010, though most tropical cyclones tend to develop between May and October. The season's first named storm, Omais, developed on March 24 while the season's last named storm, Chaba dissipated or became extratropical on October 30. During the season only two storms were notable. Typhoon Kompasu was the strongest storm to make landfall over in South Korea in 15 years. During October, Typhoon Megi reached its peak intensity with a minimum barometric pressure of 885 hPa, making it one of the most intense typhoons ever recorded. In addition, a rare subtropical storm have developed during December and intensified into Tropical Storm Omeka where it crossed the basin.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean to the north of the equator between 100°E and 180th meridian. Within the northwestern Pacific Ocean, there are two separate agencies that assign names to tropical cyclones which can often result in a cyclone having two names. The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) will name a tropical cyclone should it be judged to have 10-minute sustained wind speeds of at least 65 km/h (40 mph) anywhere in the basin, whilst the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) assigns names to tropical cyclones which move into or form as a tropical depression in their area of responsibility located between 135°E and 115°E and between 5°N–25°N regardless of whether or not a tropical cyclone has already been given a name by the JMA. Tropical depressions that are monitored by the United States' Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) are given a number with a "W" suffix.

Tropical Storm Rumbia (2000)

Tropical Storm Rumbia, known in the Philippines as Tropical Storm Toyang, brought deadly flooding to the central and southern Philippines in November and December 2000. The last of three consecutive tropical cyclones of at least tropical storm intensity to strike the Philippines, Rumbia began as a tropical depression on November 27, gradually intensifying to reach tropical storm intensity the next day. Strengthening later stagnated, and Rumbia would weaken back to depression status as it made landfall on the central Philippines on November 30. Though the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) determined Rumbia to have dissipated on December 2, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) continued to monitor the system over the next few days as it tracked across the South China Sea. For a period of time beginning on December 5, Rumbia reorganized and strengthened back to tropical storm intensity before wind shear began to weaken the system. Located south of Vietnam on December 7, the storm's circulation center became devoid of convection, and by then Rumbia was declared by the JTWC to have dissipated.

In the Philippines, Rumbia caused roughly US$1 million in damage and 48 fatalities. Several transportation routes were suspended in the lead-up to the storm's landfall. As a result of the tropical storm, power outages occurred, especially in Surigao. Several towns and villages were flooding, displacing around 70,000 people and putting 4,100 people into temporary emergency sheltering.

Typhoon Bilis (2000)

Typhoon Bilis, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Isang, was the strongest tropical cyclone in the western Pacific during 2000 and wrought considerable damage in Taiwan and China in August of that year. The tenth named storm of the season, Bilis originated from an area of disturbed weather that developed into a tropical depression southeast of Guam on August 18. Situated within an environment highly conductive for continued tropical development, the depression intensified into a tropical storm a day after formation; Bilis was upgraded to typhoon status on August 20 as it maintained a northwest course. Without significant inhibiting factors, the typhoon reached peak intensity with maximum sustained winds of 205 km/h (125 mph) and a minimum barometric pressure of 920 mbar (hPa; 27.17 inHg). At the same intensity Bilis made landfall on Taiwan the following day. Despite its short stint over land, Bilis was greatly weakened, and made a brief track over the Taiwan Strait before its final landfall on China's Fujian Province early the next day. Moving inland into Mainland China, Bilis quickly weakened, and was only a tropical depression later that day; the depression diffused into a remnant low on August 25. These remnants tracked northeast across the Yellow Sea before dissipating in the Korean Peninsula on August 27.

Typhoon Kirogi (2000)

Typhoon Kirogi (pronounced [ci.ɾɔ.ɟi]), known in the Philippines as Typhoon Ditang, was a large typhoon that caused severe damage in Japan during early July 2000. Forming out of an area of disturbed weather on June 30, Kirogi initially tracked slowly towards the north. On July 3, the storm underwent rapid intensification and attained Category 4 status on the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale the next day, according to the JTWC. On July 5, the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) assessed the storm to have reached its peak intensity with winds of 155 km/h (100 mph 10-minute sustained) and a barometric pressure of 940 mbar (hPa; 27.76 inHg). Over the following several days, the storm tracked towards the northeast and accelerated towards Japan. Early on July 8, Kirogi brushed eastern Japan before transitioning into an extratropical cyclone.

Initial news reports stated that Kirogi produced deadly flooding in the Philippines; however, the storm was too far from the country to have any impacts. In Japan, Kirogi produced torrential rainfall and high winds, killing five people and leaving 15 billion (2001 JPY, $140 million USD) in damages. Flooding inundated nearly 1,300 homes around Tokyo and high winds cut power to roughly 20,000 residences. Three homes were destroyed in a landslide on Kozushima.

Typhoon Prapiroon (2000)

Typhoon Prapiroon, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Lusing, was the costliest tropical cyclone to strike the Korean Peninsula and the fourth costliest in the West Pacific on record.

Prapiroon developed as a tropical depression on August 24, 2000, and took a primarily northerly course for much of its duration, though steering currents caused it to track westward for extended periods of time on two occasions. Intensification was gradual, and on August 26 the system reached tropical storm status, though the system's organization remained rather loose for much of its early developmental history. On August 29, Prapiroon swung near Taiwan and East China as it tracked about the western periphery of a nearby high-pressure area. A day later, the storm reached typhoon intensity within the East China Sea, later attaining peak intensity as a typhoon of moderate strength within the Yellow Sea. On August 31, a slightly weakened Prapiroon made landfall on North Korea and quickly tracked across the Korean Peninsula, before transitioning into an extratropical cyclone in the Sea of Japan on September 1; the system dissipated east of Hokkaido three days later.

Typhoon Saomai (2000)

Typhoon Saomai, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Osang, was a long-tracked and intense tropical cyclone that brought flooding rainfall in Japan and the Korean peninsula in September 2000. The torrential precipitation in Japan was considered some of the worst in the past century.

Saomai, the second strongest typhoon in the western Pacific in 2000, developed from an area of disturbed weather in open sea on August 31. The system was initially quick to intensify, reaching an initial peak intensity as a typhoon on September 4. Wind shear caused a hiatus in Saomai's strengthening phase, and as a result Saomai weakened back to a tropical storm as it tracked northwest for the next few days. On September 9, the system regained typhoon intensity and began to rapidly intensify, reaching peak intensity on September 10 with maximum sustained winds of 175 km/h (110 mph). Over the ensuing two days Saomai would weaken slightly before making landfall on Okinawa Island. The typhoon later entered the East China Sea, where it recurved towards the northeast before making landfall on South Korea as a severe tropical storm, later transitioning into an extratropical cyclone on September 16. Saomai's remnants would move into Russia before dissipating three days later.

As a developing typhoon, the outer rainbands of Saomai affected the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam, causing moderate damage. Localized power outages were reported, and damage totaled to US$650,000. Even before Saomai made landfall on Okinawa, the typhoon caused rough seas off the coast of Japan that resulted in several shipping incidents. Concurrently, the approach of a front into the country interacted with the typhoon, resulting in unprecedented rainfalls in Japan. Due to the floods, approximately 400,000 people were evacuated in three prefectures. In Nagoya, observed rainfall totals were the highest since records began in 1891. Despite making landfall on Okinawa, damage was not as severe, though several landslides and strong winds were reported. Overall, damage in Japan and its outlying islands totaled JP¥24.8 billion (US$223 million) and eleven fatalities were reported. As Saomai tracked near China, its outer rainbands and strong waves prompted the evacuation of 20,000 people and caused record high stream heights.

In South Korea, eight people were killed and damage figures equated to US$71 million. Widespread power outages took a toll on as many as 422,000 homes and heavy rains flooded numerous fields of crops. Minor damage occurred in North Korea, though the damage wrought by Typhoon Prapiroon earlier in the month was exacerbated by Saomai's impacts. In Russia, where the typhoon made landfall as an extratropical storm, nine people were killed due to car accidents spurred by rainfall caused by the Saomai. Overall, Saomai's effects resulted in the death of 28 people and roughly US$6.3 billion in damage.

Tropical cyclones of the 2000 Pacific typhoon season

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.