2000 FINA World Open Water Swimming Championships

The 1st FINA World Open Water Swimming Championships were held on October 29-November 4, 2000 in the waters off Waikiki Beach in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.[1] 164 swimmers from 34 countries swam in the championships, in race distances of 5-kilometer (5K), 10-kilometer (10K) and 25-kilometer (25K).[2]

Results

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Women's 5K
 
Peggy Büchse
  Germany Germany
1:02:36.29 Kalyn Keller
  United States USA
1:02:40.42 Viola Valli
  Italy Italy
1:02:41.18
Men's 5K
 
Yevgeny Bezruchenko
  Russia Russia
59:18.23 David Meca
  Spain Spain
59:20.64 Luca Baldini
  Italy Italy
59:20.86
Women's 10K
 
Edith van Dijk
  Netherlands Netherlands
2:06:44.44 Melissa Pasquali
  Italy Italy
2:07:38.85 Peggy Büchse
  Germany Germany
2:08:00.30
Men's 10K
 
David Meca
  Spain Spain
1:57:10.50 Petar Stoychev
  Bulgaria Bulgaria
1:57:14.44 Yevgeny Bezruchenko
  Russia Russia
1:57:15.02
Women's 25K
 
Edith van Dijk
  Netherlands Netherlands
5:30:04.07 Viola Valli
  Italy Italy
5:30:06.06 Angela Maurer
  Germany Germany
5:30:08.06
Men's 25K
 
Yuri Kudinov
  Russia Russia
4:55:51.12 David Meca
  Spain Spain
4:56:11.42 Aleksey Akatyev
  Russia Russia
4:57:03.12

Team medals

Event Gold Silver Bronze
5K
 
 Italy (ITA)
Luca Baldini
Fabio Venturini
Viola Valli
3:01:24.74  Russia (RUS)
Yevgeny Bezruchenko
Aleksey Akatyev
Irina Abysova
3:01:34.65  Germany (GER)
Christof Wandratsch
Ben Hoffman
Peggy Büchse
3:01:57.76
10K
 
 Germany (GER)
Christof Wandratsch
Andres Maurer
Peggy Büchse
6:03:03.64  Russia (RUS)
Yevgeny Bezruchenko
Vladimir Dyatchin
Irina Abysova
6:03:33.95  United States (USA)
Ben Hanley
Matt Martin
Dawn Heckman
6:03:39.81
25K
 
 Russia (RUS)
Yuri Kudinov
Aleksey Akatyev
Natalia Pankina
15:24:19.59  Italy (ITA)
Claudio Gargaro
Fabio Fusi
Viola Valli
15:25:33.68  France (FRA)
Stéphane Gomez
Stéphane Lecat
Audy Boitte
15:35:55.73

See also

References

  1. ^ HistoFINA, volume 10 Archived 2015-09-08 at the Wayback Machine; published by FINA; published=2009-07-01, retrieved=2012-03-03 (FINA's self-history, 2009 edition; volume 10 deals with Open Water Swimming).
  2. ^ 1st FINA World Championships from web.archive.org; published originally by FINA (fina.org) in 2000-10. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships – Men's 10 km

The Men's 10 km Open Water event at the 2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships was held on November 2, 2000 in the waters off Waikiki Beach in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

RESULTS:

Key: DQ = Disqualified

2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships – Men's 25 km

The Men's 25 km Open Water event at the 2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships was held on November 4, 2000 in Honolulu.

2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships – Men's 5 km

The Men's 5 km Open Water event at the 2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships was held on October 31, 2000 in Honolulu.

2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships – Team's 10 km

The Team's 10 km Open Water event at the 2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships was compiled based on the results of the Men's and Women's 10K races held on November 2, 2000.

2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships – Team's 5 km

The Team's 5 km Open Water event at the 2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships, was compiled based on the results of the Men's and Women's 5K races held on October 31, 2000.

2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships – Women's 10 km

The Women's 10 km Open Water event at the 2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships was held on November 2, 2000 in Honolulu.

Edith van Dijk from Netherlands led the 10K event from start to finish in today's FINA World Open Water Swimming Championships on Waikiki Beach in Honolulu, Hawaii and defeated Melissa Pasquali from Italy by almost one minute. Peggy Büchse from Germany earned the bronze medal when her teammate Angela Maurer was disqualified for swimming on the wrong side of one of the channel markers.

Van Dijk was only trying to stretch her large lead during the race. "It was my strategy to go out fast," she said. "I just went for it." Dark clouds threatened to shorten or cancel the event and the conditions were even more challenging for the athletes. "It was a very tough race under these conditions, the second leg was very windy and the waves were rough," said the 27-year-old from Wognum, Netherlands.

Van Dijk was so far ahead that Melissa Pasquali never saw her and until she finished the race, and she no idea that anyone was ahead of her. "This race was very good for me, I am very tired now as it was a hard swim," Pasquali said. "It was a surprise to see Edith already there at the time of my finish," said the 28-year-old from Florence, Italy.

Bronze medalist Peggy Büchse reported that she saw the pack of lead swimmers go off course. "I am sure that there were several swimmers in that pack that should have been disqualified," she said. Only later did she learn that her teammate Maurer was one of three swimmers disqualified. "I swam my way, I was careful," said Büchse, who won the 5K on Tuesday. "When I saw the others go off course, I took my time and swam a better way."

2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships – Women's 25 km

The Women's 25 km Open Water event at the 2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships was held on November 4, 2000 in Honolulu.

Edith van Dijk captured her second gold medal of the week at the FINA World Open Water Swimming Championships with a decisive victory in the 25K event. The Europeans continued their domination of this week's events in Honolulu by also winning the silver and bronze medals, Viola Valli from Italy and Angela Maurer from Germany.

For more than four hours a pack of ten swimmers were within four body lengths of each other, often swimming in single file. The three Europeans were together for almost every minute of the five and one half hour race. Van Dijk said "the swim to Diamond Head was the most difficult part of the race taking into account the wind, current and the waves." Asked about her strategy van Dijk said, "I tried to get away from the others a couple of times but I could not succeed, I was unable to get a gap between me and the others, but I was pleased to finish first at the end today."

Viola Valli arrived to a cheering crowd of well wishers on the shores of Waikiki Beach. Her fan club included many teammates, friends and family who crowded around her when she sat down on the beach to rest after second medal of the week, having earned bronze in the 5K. Painted on her leg was her name and her well-wishers told onlookers that Viola means flower in Italian. "We made it a success for each of us today because we made it together." Angela Maurer recovered with a bronze medal performance in the 25K. She finished third in the 10K event but was disqualified for missing a channel marker.

Sid Cassidy from the USA, assistant referee and member of the FINA Technical Open Water Swimming Committee said about the weeks events, "The races got better as it went on. Without any question this was the greatest marathon field ever assembled." Cassidy added, "It was thrilling to see this level of performance from these outstanding athletes; it is a great step for our sport."

2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships – Women's 5 km

The Women's 5K race at the 2000 World Open Water Swimming Championships was held on October 31, 2000 in the waters off Waikiki Beach in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

Peggy Büchse from Germany outlasted the others and captured her first world championship title. "In Germany I am a famous person and there is some pressure on me but I am glad that I could swim to their expectations" said Büchse immediately after the race. "I was surprised that I won. "I am used to lake swimming," she continued. "The ocean is very different with the waves and the current which were quite strong. I am thankful for the support of my friends and my family.

USA's Kalyn Keller finished second and immediately sent notice to her brother, Klete, that he would have to share some of the limelight. "He has his medal and now I have mine, but I still have many races to go before I can catch up with him." Her older brother won the bronze medal in the 400m Freestyle during the Sydney Olympic Games.

Twenty-eight-year-old Viola Valli from Italy, who finished third, trains with Club San Milano.

2002 FINA World Open Water Swimming Championships

The 2nd FINA Open Water Swimming World Championships were held September 23-28, 2002 in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. The championships featured 89 swimmers from 26 countries competing in 6 races:

5-kilometer (5K)--Men's and Women's

10-kilometer (10K)--Men's and Women's

25-kilometer (25K)--Men's and Women's

Hawaii

Hawaii ( (listen) hə-WY-ee; Hawaiian: Hawaiʻi [həˈvɐjʔi]) is a state of the United States of America. It is the only state located in the Pacific Ocean and the only state composed entirely of islands.

The state encompasses nearly the entire Hawaiian archipelago, 137 islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km). The volcanic archipelago is physiographically and ethnologically part of the Polynesian subregion of Oceania. At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight main islands are, in order from northwest to southeast: Niʻihau, Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, Kahoʻolawe, Maui, and Hawaiʻi. The last is the largest island in the group; it is often called the "Big Island" or "Hawaiʻi Island" to avoid confusion with the state or archipelago.

Hawaii is the 8th smallest geographically and the 11th least populous, but the 13th most densely populated of the 50 states. It is the only state with an Asian American plurality. Hawaii has over 1.4 million permanent residents, along with many visitors and U.S. military personnel. The state capital and largest city is Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu. The state's ocean coastline is about 750 miles (1,210 km) long, the fourth longest in the U.S., after the coastlines of Alaska, Florida, and California. Hawaii is the most recent state to join the union, on August 21, 1959. It was an independent nation until 1898.

Hawaii's diverse natural scenery, warm tropical climate, abundance of public beaches, oceanic surroundings, and active volcanoes make it a popular destination for tourists, surfers, biologists, and volcanologists. Because of its central location in the Pacific and 19th-century labor migration, Hawaii's culture is strongly influenced by North American and East Asian cultures, in addition to its indigenous Hawaiian culture.

Sports in the United States by state

Sports in the United States are an important part of American culture. American football is the most popular sport to watch in the United States, followed by baseball, basketball, and soccer. Hockey, tennis, golf, wrestling, auto racing, arena football, field lacrosse, box lacrosse and volleyball are also popular sports in the country. Based on Olympic Games, World Championships, and other major competitions in respective sports, the United States is the most successful sports nation in the world.

Based on revenue, the four major professional sports leagues in the United States are Major League Baseball (MLB), the National Basketball Association (NBA), the National Football League (NFL), and the National Hockey League (NHL). The market for professional sports in the United States is roughly $69 billion, roughly 50% larger than that of all of Europe, the Middle East, and Africa combined. All four enjoy wide-ranging domestic media coverage and are considered the preeminent leagues in their respective sports in the world, although American football does not have a substantial following in other nations. Three of those leagues have teams that represent Canadian cities, and all four are the most financially lucrative sports leagues of their sport. Major League Soccer (MLS), which also includes teams based in Canada, is sometimes included in a "top five" of leagues. With an average attendance of over 20,000 per game, MLS has the third highest average attendance of any sports league in the U.S. after the National Football League (NFL) and Major League Baseball (MLB), and is the seventh highest attended professional soccer league worldwide.Professional teams in all major sports in the United States operate as franchises within a league, meaning that a team may move to a different city if the team's owners believe there would be a financial benefit, but franchise moves are usually subject to some form of league-level approval. All major sports leagues use a similar type of regular-season schedule with a post-season playoff tournament. In addition to the major league–level organizations, several sports also have professional minor leagues, active in smaller cities across the country. As in Canada and Australia, sports leagues in the United States do not practice promotion and relegation, unlike many sports leagues in Europe.

Sports are particularly associated with education in the United States, with most high schools and universities having organized sports, and this is a unique sporting footprint for the U.S. College sports competitions play an important role in the American sporting culture, and college basketball and college football are as popular as professional sports in some parts of the country. The major sanctioning body for college sports is the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).

Unlike most other nations, the United States government does not provide funding for sports nor for the United States Olympic Committee.

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