The 20-yard shuttle, also simply called the short shuttle, is a test performed by American football athletes at the NFL combine. It is primarily run to evaluate the quickness and change-of-direction ability of players by scouts, particularly for the NFL Draft but also for collegiate recruiting. Although not as highly regarded a test as the 40-yard dash, it is still an important barometer used by NFL personnel to compare players. Canadian football also uses the shuttle test.
The name "20-yard shuttle" is derived from the total yards that athletes travel during the drill. This drill is also known as the "short shuttle" or the "5-10-5" drill." The athlete starts at the center cone of 3 cones, each a distance of 5 yards apart. The athlete then pushes off their dominant leg in the opposite direction for 5 yards and touches the line. After covering this distance and touching the line as quickly as possible, the athlete must reverse and go 10 yards in the opposite direction and again touch the line. Finally, they reverse direction again, ending the drill at the starting point after traveling another 5 yards. The procedure is timed and the athlete starts the drill on reaction to the word "Go" as announced by the person starting the stopwatch. The NFL Scouting Combine allows each participant three opportunities to run the drill, and the best time of the three attempts is recorded as that players' time.
This 20-yard shuttle drill is designed to measure short area quickness, lateral movement, flexibility and the speed at which a player can change directions. The drill also gives scouts an idea of how well a player can keep a low center of gravity as well as their ability to sink their hips.
Alexander "Ali" Marpet (; born April 17, 1993) is an American football guard for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League (NFL).Marpet played college football at Hobart College, a small liberal arts college with an enrollment of 2,271. In 2014, he was a Lindy's preseason All-American first team, American Football Coaches Association (AFCA) All-American, D3football.com All-America first team, and Liberty League Co-Offensive Player of the Year.
He attended the 2015 Senior Bowl, as the first NCAA Division III player picked to play in the all-star game. Sports Illustrated named Marpet the "biggest riser" at the game, and included him on its All-Offense team. At the Scouting Combine in February 2015, he ran the fastest 40-yard dash among offensive line prospects eligible for the 2015 NFL Draft (4.98), the fastest 10-yard (9.1 m) split (1.74 seconds), and also the second-best time in the three-cone drill (7.33) and 20-yard shuttle (4.47), while scoring the highest "Speed, Power, Agility, Reaction and Quickness" (SPARQ) score. He also performed 30 repetitions at 225 pounds (102 kg) in the bench press, tied for fifth-best among offensive linemen.
Drafted in the second round, 61st overall, of the 2015 NFL draft by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Marpet is the highest-drafted pick in the history of NCAA Division III football and, as of the 2018 NFL Draft, remains the most recently drafted player from Division III.Ben Braunecker
Ben Braunecker (born February 7, 1994) is an American football tight end for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Harvard.Ben Gedeon
Benjamin Gedeon (born October 16, 1994) is an American football linebacker for the Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Michigan. Gedeon was drafted by the Vikings in the fourth round of the 2017 NFL Draft.Clint Oldenburg
Clint Steven Oldenburg (born September 9, 1983) is a former American football offensive tackle. He was drafted by the New England Patriots in the fifth round of the 2007 NFL Draft. He played college football at Colorado State.
Oldenburg was also a member of the New York Jets, St. Louis Rams, Denver Broncos, Minnesota Vikings, Washington Redskins, Virginia Destroyers and Saskatchewan Roughriders.
At the same time as his offer from Saskatchewan came in, Clint received an offer to intern with the Madden football game development team. He accepted and was hired on as a full member of the development team a few months later.David Bergeron
David Bergeron (born December 4, 1981) is an NFL linebacker who played with the Carolina Panthers.David Morgan II
David Morgan II (born May 19, 1993) is an American football tight end for the Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at UTSA from 2011 to 2015 and became the school's first draftee when the Vikings selected him in the sixth round, 188th overall of the 2016 NFL Draft.Demarcus Ayers
Demarcus Ayers (born July 7, 1994) is an American football wide receiver for the San Antonio Commanders of the Alliance of American Football (AAF). He played college football at Houston, and was drafted by the Pittsburgh Steelers in the seventh round of the 2016 NFL Draft.Drake Dunsmore
Drake C. Dunsmore (born November 4, 1988) is a former American football tight end. Dunsmore attended St. Thomas Aquinas High School. During college, he played for Northwestern. At Northwestern, he was a three-time Academic All-Big Ten Performer and the inaugural Big Ten Kwalick-Clark Tight End of the Year for the 2011 Northwestern Wildcats when he was a first team All-Big Ten Conference selection. Dunsmore was an honorable mention All-Big Ten selection for the 2010 Wildcats. He holds the Northwestern single-game receiving touchdowns record and the career tight end receiving yards record. Drake Dunsmore is the son of Pat Dunsmore.J. D. Runnels
J. D. Runnels (born June 19, 1984) is a former American football fullback. He was drafted by the Chicago Bears in the sixth round of the 2006 NFL Draft. He played college football at Oklahoma.
Runnels has also been a member of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Cincinnati Bengals and Florida Tuskers.James Hardy (American football)
James W. Hardy III (December 24, 1985 – c. June 7, 2017) was an American football wide receiver. He was drafted by the Buffalo Bills of the National Football League (NFL) in the second round of the 2008 NFL Draft and also played for the Baltimore Ravens. He played college football at Indiana University.Jim Allin
Jim Allin (born March 14, 1986) is a former Canadian football defensive back and kick returner. He went undrafted in the 2009 CFL Draft. He played CIS football for the Queen's Golden Gaels.
In the 2008 CIS football season, Allin was named to CIS All-Canadian first team as a kick returner and to both the Ontario University Athletics first and second all-star teams; the first as a returner and the second as a cornerback. He performed the best among defensive backs in three of the athletic tests at the 2009 CFL Evaluation Camp including setting a record for the 20-yard shuttle test with a time of 3.97 seconds.In August 2016, in ceremonies in Canada and Australia, Jim married the love of his life, Tegan Hamilton.Jordan Kent
Jordan Russell Kent (born July 24, 1984 in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia) is a former American football wide receiver. He was drafted by the Seattle Seahawks in the sixth round of the 2007 NFL Draft. Jordan began playing football when he was a junior in college at the University of Oregon. While at the University of Oregon, Jordan also played Basketball and ran Track for the Oregon Ducks. Today Jordan is a broadcaster for NBC Sports Northwest, and he covers the Portland Trail Blazers and Pac-12 football and basketball. He also runs popular youth sport camps throughout the state of Oregon.Laquon Treadwell
Laquon Malik Treadwell (born June 14, 1995) is an American football wide receiver for the Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at the University of Mississippi from 2013 to 2015, where he left as the school's all-time leader in receptions with 202 during the course of three seasons. He was drafted by the Vikings in the first round, 23rd overall of the 2016 NFL draftMacho Harris
Victor "Macho" Harris, Jr. (born February 16, 1986) is a former Canadian football defensive back. He recently played for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers of the Canadian Football League (CFL). He played college football at Virginia Tech and was drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles in the fifth round of the 2009 NFL Draft. Harris went on to play for the Washington Redskins and the Pittsburgh Steelers before signing with the Saskatchewan Roughriders on April 18, 2012.Mike Mamula
Michael Brian Mamula (born August 14, 1973) is a former professional American football player who was selected by the Philadelphia Eagles in the first round (seventh overall) of the 1995 NFL Draft. He played college football at Boston College.NFL Scouting Combine
The NFL Scouting Combine is a week-long showcase occurring every February at Lucas Oil Stadium (and formerly at the RCA Dome until 2008) in Indianapolis, where college football players perform physical and mental tests in front of National Football League coaches, general managers, and scouts. With increasing interest in the NFL Draft, the scouting combine has grown in scope and significance, allowing personnel directors to evaluate upcoming prospects in a standardized setting. Its origins have evolved from the National, BLESTO, and Quadra Scouting organizations in 1977 to the media event it has become today.
Athletes attend by invitation only. Implications of an athlete's performance during the combine can affect their draft status and salary, and ultimately their career. The draft has popularized the term "workout warrior", whereby an athlete's "draft stock" is increased based on superior measurable qualities such as size, speed, and strength, despite having an average or sub-par college career. The 2019 NFL scouting combine is scheduled for February 26 to March 4.Rich Coady (defensive back)
Richard Joseph Coady, IV (born January 26, 1976) is a former American football safety who played in the National Football League (NFL). His father Rich Coady played in the NFL for the Chicago Bears.Trae Waynes
Trae Waynes (born July 25, 1992) is an American football cornerback for the Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Michigan State. He was drafted by the Vikings in the first round, 11th overall of the 2015 NFL Draft.