1st arrondissement of Paris

The 1st arrondissement of Paris (Ie arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is colloquially referred to as premier (first/the first).

Also known as Louvre, the arrondissement is situated principally on the right bank of the River Seine. It also includes the west end of the Île de la Cité. The arrondissement is one of the oldest in Paris, the Île de la Cité having been the heart of the city of Lutetia, conquered by the Romans in 52 BC, while some parts on the right bank (including Les Halles) date back to the early Middle Ages.

It is the least populated of the city's arrondissements and one of the smallest by area, a significant part of which is occupied by the Louvre Museum and the Tuileries Gardens. The Forum des Halles is the largest shopping mall in Paris.[1] Much of the remainder of the arrondissement is dedicated to business and administration.

1st arrondissement of Paris

Ie arrondissement
The Louvre and Tuileries, seen from the north
The Louvre and Tuileries, seen from the north
Paris and its closest suburbs
Paris and its closest suburbs
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentParis
CommuneParis
Government
 • MayorJean-François Legaret
Area
 • Total1.83 km2 (0.71 sq mi)
Population
(8 March 1999 census)[p]
 • Total16,888
 • Estimate 
(2005)
17,700
 • Density9,200/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
^[p] Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
Paris Coat of Arms
The
20 arrondissements
of Paris
17th 18th 19th
  8th 9th 10th 11th 20th
16th 2nd 3rd
1st 4th 12th
River Seine
  7th 6th 5th 13th
15th 14th

Geography

The 1st arrondissement is very small, with a land area of only 1.83 km2 (0.705 sq. miles, or 451 acres).

Demography

The area now occupied by the first arrondissement attained its peak population in the period preceding the re-organization of Paris in 1860. In 1999, the population was 16,888, while the arrondissement hosted 63,056 jobs, making it one of the most active for business after the 2nd, 8th, and 9th.

Historical population

Year
(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km²)
1861 (peak of population)¹ 89,519 49,025
1872 74,286 40,593
1954 38,926 21,271
1962 36,543 20,013
1968 32,332 17,706
1975 22,793 12,482
1982 18,509 10,136
1990 18,360 10,055
1999 16,888 9,249
2009 17,614 9,692

¹The peak of population actually occurred before 1861, but the
arrondissement was created in 1860, so there are no figures before 1861.

Immigration

Place of birth of residents of the 1st arrondissement in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
77.8% 22.2%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
0.8% 4.6% 7.1% 19.7%
1This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
2An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Quarters

Each of the 20 Paris arrondissements is divided into four quarters (quartiers). The table below lists the four quarters of the 1st arrondissement:

figures from 1999 French census

Quarter Population Land area
(in km²)
Density
(inh. per km²)
Quartier Saint-Germain-l'Auxerrois 1,670 0.871 1,917
Quartier Les Halles 8 980 0.412 21,796
Quartier Palais-Royal 3,190 0.279 11,434
Quartier Place Vendôme 3,040 0.270 11,259

Economy

Korean Air's France office is in the 1st arrondissement.[2]

At one time Air Inter's head office was located in the first arrondissement.[3] When Minerve, an airline, existed, its head office was in the first arrondissement.[4]

Education

In terms of state-operated schools, the first arrondissement has two nursery schools (écoles maternelles), two primary schools (écoles élémentaires), one école polyvalente, one high school (collège), and one sixth form college (lycée).[5]

The state-operated nursery schools are École Maternelle Auxerrois and École Maternelle Sourdiere.[5] The state-operated primary schools are École Élémentaire Arbre Sec and École Élémentaire D'Argenteuil.[5][6] The arrondissement has one école polyvalente, École Polyvalente Cambon.[7] Collège Jean-Baptiste Poquelin is the sole state-operated high school in the arrondissement.[8] Lycée Professionnel Commercial Pierre Lescot is the sole state-operated sixth form college in the first arrondissement.[9] Private primary and secondary institutions in the arrondissement include École Élémentaire Privée Notre-Dame-Saint-Roch, École du 2nd Degré Professionnel Privée Pigier, and École Technologique Privée de Dessin Technique et Artistique Sornas.[5]

Map

Paris 1st
Map of the 1st arrondissement.

Cityscape

Places of interest

Metro 1er arrondissement
Transport: Metro and RER.

Bridges

Streets and squares

See also

References

  1. ^ "Les Halles in Paris. Forum des Halles". Paris Digest. 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  2. ^ "Aperçu / Info de Contact." Korean Air. Retrieved on 30 August 2011. "Sièges en Europe 9 boulevard de la Madeleine 75001 Paris France"
  3. ^ "Direction des Bases Aeriennes Archived 20 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine." Direction Générale de l'Aviation Civile. March 1975. 22/28. Retrieved on 26 June 2010.
  4. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 14–20 March 1990. 11.
  5. ^ a b c d "Rechercher un établissement Archived 4 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine." Académie Paris. Retrieved on 25 October 2011.
  6. ^ "Les mentions légales :." École Élémentaire Arbre Sec. 14 February 2008. Retrieved on 15 October 2011. "Adresse postale : Ecole Arbre sec 19, rue de l'Arbre sec 75001 Paris"
  7. ^ "Accueil." École Polyvalente Cambon. Retrieved on 25 October 2011. "28 rue Cambon 75001 Paris"
  8. ^ "Accueil Archived 7 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine." Collège Jean-Baptiste Poquelin Retrieved on 25 October 2011. "6, rue Molière - 75001 PARIS"
  9. ^ "Contact." Lycée Professionnel Commercial Pierre Lescot. Retrieved on 25 October 2011. "35 Rue des Bourdonnais, 75001 PARIS"

External links

1st arrondissement travel guide from Wikivoyage

Coordinates: 48°51′36″N 2°20′28″E / 48.86000°N 2.34111°E

Boulevard de la Madeleine

The Boulevard de la Madeleine is one of the four 'grands boulevards' of Paris, France, a chain of roads running east-west that includes the boulevard de la Madeleine, the boulevard des Capucines, the boulevard des Italiens and the boulevard Montmartre.

The boulevard is named after the nearby Église de la Madeleine.

Comédie-Française

The Comédie-Française (French pronunciation: ​[kɔmedi fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) or Théâtre-Français (IPA: [teatʁ(ə) fʁɑ̃sɛ]) is one of the few state theatres in France and is considered the oldest active theatre in the world. Established as a French state-controlled entity in 1995, it is the only state theatre in France to have its own permanent troupe of actors. The company's primary venue is the Salle Richelieu, which is a part of the Palais-Royal complex and located at 2 rue de Richelieu on the Place André-Malraux in the 1st arrondissement of Paris.

The theatre has also been known as the Théâtre de la République and popularly as "La Maison de Molière" (English: The House of Molière). It acquired the latter name from the troupe of the best-known playwright associated with the Comédie-Française, Molière. He was considered the patron of French actors. He died seven years before his troupe became known as the Comédie-Française, but the company continued to be known as "La Maison de Molière" even after the official change of name.

Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris

Musée des Arts Décoratifs (Museum of Decorative Arts), a museum of the decorative arts and design, located in the Palais du Louvre's western wing, known as the Pavillon de Marsan, at 107 rue de Rivoli, in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France. It is one of three museum locations of Les Arts Décoratifs, now collectively referred to as the MAD .

The museum also hosts exhibitions of fashion, advertising and graphic arts from its collections from the formerly separate but now defunct Musée de la Publicité and Musée de la mode et du textile.

Place des Pyramides

Place des Pyramides is a public square in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France. It is located in the middle of the Rue de Rivoli, at its intersection with the Rue des Pyramides and Avenue du General Lemonnier, at the western end of the Tuileries Garden.

The square was named for the street, Rue des Pyramides, and the street was named for the Battle of the Pyramids, a Napoleonic victory achieved in Egypt in 1798.

Place du Carrousel

The Place du Carrousel (ka-ru-zel) is a public square in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, located at the open end of the courtyard of the Louvre Palace, a space occupied, prior to 1883, by the Tuileries Palace. Sitting directly between the museum and the Tuileries Garden, the Place du Carrousel delineates the eastern end of the gardens just as the Place de la Concorde defines its western end.

The name "carrousel" refers to a type of military dressage, an equine demonstration now commonly called military drill. The Place du Carrousel was named in 1662, when it was used for such a display by Louis XIV.

Port du Louvre

The Port du Louvre is a walkway running along the River Seine (on the "right bank") immediately to the south of the Louvre in Paris, France. It is parallel to and lower than the larger Voie Georges Pompidou road between it and the Louvre.

The Port du Louvre is on the Arago route (the Paris Meridian) that runs north-south through Paris, named in honour of the French astronomer and politician François Arago. A bronze Arago plaque can be found embedded in the paving of the Port du Louvre. This is one of 135 bronze medallions installed in 1994 by the Dutch conceptual artist, Jan Dibbets.

Boats for river trips stop at the Port du Louvre.

Rue Basse

Rue Basse is a road in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France. Rue Basse is situated between Place Carrée on one side and Place Basse and Rue des Bons-Vivants on the other side on the -3rd floor of Forum Central of Halles in Forum des Halles.

Rue Molière

The rue Molière is a short road in central Paris, in the 1st arrondissement. It begins at avenue de l'Opéra, near the Comédie-Française, and ends at the rue de Richelieu with the Fontaine Molière.

It has borne several names, including rue de la Fontaine-Molière, rue Traversière-Saint-Honoré before 1843, earlier the rue Traversine or Traversante, and in 1625 rue de la Brasserie or rue du Bâton-Royal. It is notable for collège Jean-Baptiste-Poquelin, named after the playwright Jean-Baptiste-Poquelin, the real name of Molière.

Rue Mondétour

Rue Mondétour is a small pedestrian street in the 1st arrondissement of the city of Paris.

Rue Montorgueil

Rue Montorgueil (French pronunciation: ​[ʁy mɔ̃tɔʁɡœj]) is a street in the 1st arrondissement and 2nd arrondissement (in the Montorgueil-Saint Denis-Les Halles district) of Paris, France. Lined with restaurants, cafés, bakeries, fish stores, cheese shops, wine shops, produce stands and flower shops, rue Montorgueil is a place for Parisians to socialize while doing their daily shopping. At the southernmost tip of rue Montorgueil is Saint-Eustache Church, and Les Halles, containing the largest indoor (mostly underground) shopping mall in central Paris; and to the north is the area known as the Grand Boulevards.

Rue Radziwill

The Rue Radziwill is a street in the 1st arrondissement of Paris. It starts at 1 rue des Petits-Champs and ends in a dead end. It was named after Polish Prince, politician and one of the wealthiest men in Europe Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł.

Rue Saint-Denis (Paris)

Rue Saint-Denis is one of the oldest streets in Paris. Its route was first laid out in the 1st century by the Romans, and then extended to the north in the Middle Ages. From the Middle Ages to the present day, the street has been notorious as a place of prostitution. Its name derives from it being the historic route to Saint-Denis.

The street extends as far as the 1st arrondissement and Rue de Rivoli to the south and as far as the 2nd arrondissement and the boulevard Saint-Denis to the north. It runs parallel to the boulevard de Sébastopol.

Rue Saint-Honoré

The rue Saint-Honoré is a street in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France.

It is named after the collegial Saint-Honoré church situated in ancient times within the cloisters of Saint-Honoré.

The street, on which are located a number of museums and upscale boutiques, is near the Jardin des Tuileries and the Saint-Honoré market. Like many streets in the heart of Paris, the rue Saint-Honoré, as it is now known, was laid out as early as the Middle Ages or before.

The street, at one time, continued beyond the former city walls into what was the faubourg (from Latin foris burgem, an area "outside the city"). This continuation was eventually named the rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré.

Rue Sainte-Anne

Rue Sainte-Anne is a street in the 1st and 2nd arrondissement of Paris.

Rue d'Argenteuil

Rue d'Argenteuil is a street in the 1st arrondissement of Paris.

Rue de Richelieu

Rue de Richelieu is a long street of Paris, starting in the south of the 1st arrondissement, ending in the 2nd arrondissement. For the first half of the nineteenth century, before Baron Hausmann redefined Paris with grand boulevards, it was one of the most fashionable streets of Paris:

It is most notable for scattered coin dealers and currency changers, being near the Paris Bourse, the stock market.

Rue de la Ferronnerie

The Rue de la Ferronnerie is a street in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, in the Les Halles area.

Rue des Lombards

The rue des Lombards is a street in Paris, France which is famous for hosting three of the main French jazz clubs : Le Baiser Salé, Le Duc des Lombards and the Sunset/Sunside. It was originally a banking center in medieval Paris, a trade dominated by Lombard merchants. It was also shown on the Simpsons episode "To Courier with Love".

Théâtre du Châtelet

The Théâtre du Châtelet (French pronunciation: ​[teɑtʁ dy ʃatlɛ]) is a theatre and opera house, located in the place du Châtelet in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France.

One of two theatres (the other being the Théâtre de la Ville) built on the site of a châtelet, a small castle or fortress, it was designed by Gabriel Davioud at the request of Baron Haussmann between 1860 and 1862. Originally named the Théâtre Impérial du Châtelet, it has undergone remodeling and name changes over the years. Currently it seats 2,500 people.

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